err 0Colonial Sense: The Web Site for All Things Colonial


Featured Marketplace

Look Out The Window!
Watercolor of Children looking out the window at the Bear and her cubs.

Search Marketplace:


Today's Events [More]

Fine Furniture, Decorative Arts and Silver - Leslie Hindman Auctioneers (IL)
Celebrating the Fiber Arts: The Helen Geier Flynt Textile Gallery (MA)
Engraved Powder Horns from the French and Indian War and the American Revolution: The William H. Guthman Collection (MA)
Importing Splendor: Luxuries from China (MA)
Into the Woods: Crafting Early American Furniture (MA)
Raven's Many Gifts: Native Art of the Northwest Coast (MA)
Why We Collect: Recent Acquisitions at Historic Deerfield, 2010-2017 (MA)
The Last Argument of Kings: The Art and Science of 18th-century Artillery (NY)
A Rich and Varied Culture: The Material World of the Early South (VA)
America's Folk Art (VA)
American Furniture: From Virginia to Vermont (VA)
Architectural Clues to 18th-Century Williamsburg (VA)
Changing Keys: Keyboard Instruments for America, 1700–1830 (VA)
China of the Most Fashionable Sort: Chinese Export Porcelain in Colonial America (VA)
Color and Shape: The Art of the American Theorem (VA)
From Forge and Furnace: A Celebration of Early American Iron (VA)
German Toys in America (VA)
Lock, Stock, and Barrel (VA)
Revolution in Taste (VA)
Silver from Mine to Masterpiece (VA)
The World Made Small (VA)
We the People: American Folk Portraits (VA)

Featured Citizen [More]

Marianne von Willemer
an Austrian actress and dancer best known for her relationship with Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and her appearance in his poetry. He immortalised her in the Buch Suleika of his late work West-östlicher Diwan; she later revealed that several of its poems were authored by her.

Word of the Day [More]

Latin for tears; used by Beaumont and Fletcher; see sippet Lacrima (lachryma, lachrymae) Christi, a strong, sweet red Italian wine; sometimes just lacrima (lacrimae): literally, the tears of Christ. Also lachrymable, tear-worthy; lachrymabund, with tears ready to fall; lachrymation, weeping, lachrymental, mournful. (All these, instead of chry, may be spelled cri or -- naturally -- cry). Caxton has a rare use of the verb, in his translation (1490) of THE BOOK OF ENEYDOS: Thenne she began somewhat for to lachryme and sighe upon the bed. Henry Fielding in THE AUTHOR'S FARCE (1731) boasted: Tokay I have drank, and lacrimae I have drank. Archaeologists have guessed that the tiny phials found in ancient Roman tombs were intended to hold tears, and call them lachrymatories (accent on the lack, which refers to evidence) . Carlyle in his MEMOIRS OF LORD TENNYSON (1842) declared: There is in me what would fill whole lachrymatories, as I read. The word was humorously applied to a lady's handkerchief, as in THE NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE in 1825: Women will be stationed in the pit with white cambric lachrymatories, to exchange for those that have become saturated with the tender tears of sympathy.

Daily Trivia [More]

Early Colonies
People of what European country first settled New York?
  1. France

  2. Netherlands

  3. Sweden

  4. Spain

CS Latest Start

Latest Posts

   Events [More]
      Foods & Feasts of
         Colonial Virginia (VA)

      Public Lecture: “The
         Legacy of Henry Knox”

      “The Diverse DNA
         among Swiss Mennonite
         and Amish
         Families” (PA)

      Traditional Oil
         Painting Workshop (PA)

      Traditional Oil
         Painting Workshop (PA)

   Recipes [More]
      Strawberries, Whole,

      Spruce Beer
      Currant Shrub
      Shrub III
      Shrub II

   Dictionary [More]

   Census [More]
      John Graves Simcoe
      George Walton
      Arthur Middleton
      Thomas Heyward Jr.
      John Penn

   Online Resources [More]
      Hygiene in Colonial
         America: Teeth and

      The Freedom Trail
         Foundation (MA)

      1666 Great Fire Of

      Oliver Cromwell (NY)
      Being Bess
CS NavBar End

Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
Prepare a noble death song for the day when you go over the great divide.
—  Tecumseh

Latest Activity

Today1 Broadsheet added
3 Census People added/edited
20 Census Links added/edited
11 Dictionary words added/edited
9 Quotes added
10/15/177 Calendar Events added/edited
2 Census People added/edited
18 Census Links added/edited
1 Timeline and/or Link entry added/edited
10/14/171 Broadsheet added
20 Census People added/edited
48 Census Links added/edited
19 Quotes added
2 Timeline and/or Link entries added/edited
10/13/171 Broadsheet added
19 Census People added/edited
19 Census Links added/edited
1 Dictionary word added/edited
7 Timeline and/or Link entries added/edited
10/12/171 Broadsheet added
2 Census People added/edited
6 Census Links added/edited
2 Timeline and/or Link entries added/edited

Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

September, 2017
Antiques: Auction Results10/08/17
An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals09/30/17
New England Weather: The Gale of 1815
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times09/20/17
August, 2017
Antiques: Auction Results09/04/17
The White Pine Series: Connecticut
Architecture: Houses08/28/17
The White Pine Series: New York
Architecture: Houses08/28/17
New England Weather: The Meteor of 1787
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times08/17/17
July, 2017
Antiques: Auction Results08/06/17
New England Weather: The Cyclone of 1787
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times07/25/17
June, 2017
Antiques: Auction Results07/07/17


This Day in Early Modern History -- October 16th

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events


 •  1492-Christopher Columbus' fleet anchors at "Fernandina" (Long Island, Bahamas?) 
 •  1502-Storm ravages Friese coast 
 •  1551-English Edward Seymour duke of Somerset re-arrested 
 •  1600-Olivier van Noort's ships reach Philippines 
 •  1651-Ex-King Charles II of England lands in France
 •  1674-Emperor Leopold I fires chancellor Furst Wenzel Lobkowitz 
 •  1690-New England ships attack Quebec; repulsed by Governor Louis de Buade
 •  1710-British troops occupy Port Royal, Nova Scotia
 •  1757-Austrian troops (with the Holy Roman Empire) occupy Berlin
 •  1773-Philadelphia Resolutions criticize Tea Act
 •  1793-Marie Antoinette is guillotined at the height of the French Revolution
 •  1795-M von Bohms "Oorlogscantate" premieres 
 •  1813-Battle of Leipzig begins (Napoleon Bonaparte vs Prussia, Austria and Russia)
 •  1829-Tremont House, first U.S. modern hotel opens in Boston
 •  1834-London parliament catches fire, historic documents burn
 •  1841-Queens University in Kingston is chartered
 •  1846-Now-famous demonstration of ether -- Dr. John Collins Warren painlessly removes a tumor from the neck of Edward Gilbert Abbott at Massachusetts General Hospital
 •  1847-Charlotte Bronte's book Jane Eyre published
 •  1848-First U.S. homeopathic medical college opens in Pennsylvania 
 •  1849-Avery College established in Allegheny, Pennsylvania 
  -British seize Tigre Island in Gulf of Fonseca from Honduras 
 •  1851-Psychopathic gunfighter "Wild Bill" Longley is born in Texas
 •  1852-Dutch Government recognize Catholics right to organize 
 •  1854-Lincoln speaks out against slavery
  -Oscar Wilde is born in Dublin, Ireland
 •  1859-John Brown leads 20 in raid on federal arsenal, Harper's Ferry, Va


 •  1605-  Charles Coypeau d'Assoucy -- Writers
 •  1620-  Pierre Paul Puget -- ArtistsSculptorsArchitects
  -  Nicolaes Pietersz Berchem -- Artists
 •  1652-  Johannes Munnicks -- WritersPhysicians
 •  1684-  Peter Walkden -- ClergyWriters
 •  1697-  Nicholas Amhurst -- Writers
 •  1726-  Daniel Chodowiecki -- Artists
 •  1729-  Pierre van Maldere -- Composers
 •  1752-  Adolph Freiherr Knigge -- Writers
 •  1754-  Morgan Lewis -- MilitaryGovernanceLegal
 •  1758-  Noah Webster -- Writers
 •  1784-  Theron Metcalf -- Writers
 •  1799-  Tanaka Hisashige -- Inventors


 •  1523-  Luca Signorelli -- Artists
 •  1553-  Lucas Cranach the Elder -- Artists
 •  1555-  Nicholas Ridley -- Clergy
  -  Hugh Latimer -- Clergy
  -  Nicholas Ridley -- Clergy
 •  1591-   Gregory XIV -- Clergy
 •  1607-  Henry Lyte -- WritersScientists
 •  1621-  Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck -- Composers
 •  1628-  Francois de Malherbe -- Writers
  -  Francois de Malherbe -- Writers
 •  1669-  John Trapp -- Writers
 •  1700-   Adrian I -- Clergy
 •  1730-  Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac -- ExplorersMilitaryGovernance
 •  1748-  Franz Joachim Beich -- Artists
 •  1774-  Robert Fergusson -- Writers
 •  1793-  Marie Antoinette -- Governance
 •  1796-  Antoine-Joseph Pernety -- Writers
 •  1801-  Johann Joseph Thalherr -- Architects
 •  1852-  George Evans -- Explorers

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 10/16/2017
The Science Behind Mona Lisa’s Smile
October 01, 2017, The Atlantic by Walter Isaacson
Leonardo da vinci liked to think that he was as good at engineering as he was at painting, and though this was not actually the case (nobody was as good at engineering as he was at painting), the basis for his creativity was an enthusiasm for interweaving diverse disciplines. With a passion both playful and obsessive, he pursued innovative studies of anatomy, mechanics, art, music, optics, birds, the heart, flying machines, geology, and weaponry. He wanted to know everything there was to know about everything that could be known. By standing astride the intersection of the arts and the sciences, he became history’s most creative genius.

His science informed his art. He studied human skulls, making drawings of the bones and teeth, and conveyed the skeletal agony of Saint Jerome in the Wilderness. He explored the mathematics of optics, showing how light rays enter the eye, and produced magical illusions of changing visual perspectives in The Last Supper.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/14/2017
Statue of 'America's First Composer' could come down over racism claims
October 05, 2017, Fox News by Michelle Chavez
The national debate over whether controversial statues should be removed has now put a spotlight on Pittsburgh. A statue of Stephen Foster, dubbed "America's First Composer,” faces an uncertain future after calls for its removal.

The statue features the songwriter as he sits on a perch while a barefoot slave plays the banjo below him.

Foster, a Pittsburgh native who died in 1864, is known for writing songs like "Oh! Susana,” "Old Folks At Home,” and "Old Black Joe.”

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/13/2017
Why We Will Never Hear What Mozart Heard
September 28, 2017, FStor Daily by Cynthia Green
When we play one of Mozart’s or Beethoven’s compositions, or when we hear one, we probably aren’t hearing what they heard or what they thought in their heads as they composed. Their pianos were quite different from the ones we play today. Modern pianos are the product of a 600-year evolution. The instrument has evolved from the mention of Hermann Poll’s clavicembalum in 1397, through various clavichords and harpsichords to the modern grand piano.

The piano emerged between 1760-1780, overtaking the harpsichord largely because it it could play soft and loud. By 1845, the piano had reached a sound like what we hear today. But early pianos needed constant maintenance. And the piano player needed a mechanical knowledge of how they worked—things like leather dampers, oddly-placed stops to change from forte (loud) to piano (soft), and even, in some cases, a knee pedal. Changing from forte to piano with only your fingers was a radical development.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/12/2017
500 Years After Martin Luther, Does the Protestant Reformation Still Matter?
October 01, 2017, The Daily Beast by Brandon Withrow
Five-hundred years ago, a monk named Martin Luther wrote his 95 Theses and—while he likely didn’t nail it to the Wittenberg Castle Church door, as legend has it—his words launched the Protestant Reformation, setting Europe on fire—both figuratively and literally.

This Oct. 31 is the anniversary of that decisive point in history. For many Christians, this commemoration marks a dramatic shift, as never in history have old wounds between traditions felt closer to healing.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/11/2017
Why America Needs a Slavery Museum
August 25, 2017, The Atlantic by Paul Rosenfeld
[VIDEO] The Whitney Plantation near Wallace, Louisiana, is the first and only U.S. museum and memorial to slavery. While other museums may include slavery in their exhibits, the Whitney Plantation is the first of its kind to focus primarily on the institution. John Cummings, a 78-year-old white southerner, has spent 16 years and more than $8 million of his own fortune to build the project, which opened in December of last year. Cummings, a successful trial attorney, developed the museum with the help of his full-time director of research, Ibrahima Seck. The duo hope to educate people on the realities of slavery in its time and its impact in the United States today. “The history of this country is rooted in slavery," says Seck. “If you don’t understand the source of the problem, how can you solve it?”

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/10/2017
DIGGING HISTORY: City archaeologist recalls 27 years of unearthing St. Augustine’s hidden treasures
September 25, 2017, St. Augustine Record (FL) by Sheldon Gardner
Carl Halbirt, 65, has spent much of the last 27 years in the dirt … or in a hole, or in a lab somewhere in St. Augustine.

...Many people in early St. Augustine couldn’t write their stories down, so what speaks for them are the buttons, food remains, and other thing left behind, said historian Susan Parker, who has a doctorate in colonial history and is former director of the St. Augustine Historical Society.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/09/2017
Canoe Found After Hurricane Irma Eyed As Piece Of Florida History
September 17, 2017, The Huffington Post by Nina Golgowski
Hurricane Irma left a lot of destruction in its wake, but it may have also unearthed a piece of history.

A wooden canoe that scientists say could be hundreds of years old has reportedly emerged from the bottom of the Indian River along Florida’s eastern coast following last week’s powerful storm, leading some to speculate that it could have once belonged to Native Americans.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/08/2017
George Washington and the Real History Behind a Yom Kippur Legend
September 29, 2017, Time Magazine by Olivia B. Waxman
In many ways, Yom Kippur — the Jewish day of atonement that begins Friday evening — is a time to start anew. So it was an apt backdrop for one of the most sensational legends about an important turning point in the birth of a nation.

As the story goes, during the American Revolution, in either 1779 or 1781 depending on whom you ask, General George Washington (or a messenger sent by him) burst into a Yom Kippur service at Philadelphia's first synagogue to beg for money to feed a starving, bankrupt Continental Army. One of the synagogue's founders, Haym Salomon, interrupted the holiest service of the year to write him a check for hundreds of thousands of dollars, throwing in the contents of the collection box on top of that. That's how he became known as the "The Financier of the Revolution" in children's books, textbooks and the 1939 film The Sons of Liberty, starring Claude Rains as Haym Salomon.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/07/2017
New survey shows a disturbing trend: Most Americans have no clue what is in the Constitution
September 15, 2017, Daily Kos by Jen Hayden
The Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania have released the downright disturbing results of a recent survey that shows a majority of Americans don’t know anything about their rights or the rights of others according to our own Constitution. Read it and weep:
  • More than half of Americans (53 percent) incorrectly think it is accurate to say that immigrants who are here illegally do not have any rights under the U.S. Constitution;
  • More than a third of those surveyed (37 percent) can’t name any of the rights guaranteed under the First Amendment;
  • Only a quarter of Americans (26 percent) can name all three branches of government.

  • posted on Colonial Sense: 09/24/2017
    Francis Russell and one of the Most Influential Haircuts in History
    September 15, 2017, Today I Found Out by Karl Smallwood
    Generally speaking, most men these days tend to sport closely cropped haircuts. If you happen to be one of the men that enjoys having a neatly trimmed, easy to maintain ‘do you can thank an unpopular English tax and a bet made by a duke for saving you countless minutes every morning.

    While the likes of Queen Elizabeth I and Mary I of Scotland had previously helped popularise wig wearing among women around this period, if you’ve ever seen a period drama, an episode of Blackadder or just happen to be a fan of the absolutely dreamy Governor Weatherby Swann from the Pirates of the Caribbean franchise, you’re likely aware that men used to sport flowing wigs of the powdered variety.

    Colonial Sense Stats

    Event Calendar Listings: 192Online Resources Links: 612Recipes: 481
    Census People: 10,630 | Pix: 4,721 (44.41%) | Countries: 9,863 (92.78%) | Dates: 3,063 (28.81%) | Bio: 9,491 (89.29%) | TLs: 1,201 (11.30%)/3,483 (45.15%) | Links: 10,384 (97.69%) | Gallery: 52 (0.49%) | Notes: 1,617 (15.21%)
    Architecture: Fortifications: 59 | Pix: 2 (3.39%) | Countries: 59 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 59 (100.00%) | TLs: 2 (3.39%)/8 | Links: 61 (103.39%) | Gallery: 61 (103.39%) | Notes: 61 (103.39%)
    Dictionary Entries: 1,406Broadsheet Archive: 2,766Food and Farming Items: 200
    Timeline Events: 7,714    Tagged: 6,326 (82.01%)   With Links: 4,214 (54.63%)   Total Links: 5,236
    Colonial Quotes: 2,097Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
    Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

    [Colonial Ads -- click for more info]
    Colonial Sense is an advocate for global consumer privacy rights, protection and security.
    All material on this website © copyright 2009-17 by Colonial Sense, except where otherwise indicated.