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Butter Prints - The Rogers Collection
Authors John H. Rogers and David P. Tardif Jr.

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Why We Collect: Recent Acquisitions at Historic Deerfield, 2010-2017 (MA)
Estate Jewelry & Silver Online - Skinner Auctions (MA)
Irresistible. Unreserved. - Skinner Auctions (MA)
Nooks and Crannies (MA)
The Sandwich Bazaar Flea Market (MA)
Engraved Powder Horns from the French and Indian War and the American Revolution: The William H. Guthman Collection (MA)
Celebrating the Fiber Arts: The Helen Geier Flynt Textile Gallery (MA)
Into the Woods: Crafting Early American Furniture (MA)
Raven's Many Gifts: Native Art of the Northwest Coast (MA)
Importing Splendor: Luxuries from China (MA)
Days of Youth: The Lives of Shaker Children at Hancock Shaker Village (MA)
Behind-the-Scenes Farm Tour (MA)
Summer Camp: Build it. . . Wear it. . . Eat it. . . Live it (MD)
Montsweag Flea Market (ME)
Garden State: Living Off the Land in Early New Jersey Exhibit (NJ)
Uncork History: Alexander Hamilton at Liberty Hall (NJ)
The Last Argument of Kings: The Art and Science of 18th-century Artillery (NY)
We the People: American Folk Portraits (VA)
Revolution in Taste (VA)
American Furniture: From Virginia to Vermont (VA)
Lock, Stock, and Barrel (VA)
Changing Keys: Keyboard Instruments for America, 1700–1830 (VA)
China of the Most Fashionable Sort: Chinese Export Porcelain in Colonial America (VA)
A Rich and Varied Culture: The Material World of the Early South (VA)
Silver from Mine to Masterpiece (VA)
Architectural Clues to 18th-Century Williamsburg (VA)
German Toys in America (VA)
Color and Shape: The Art of the American Theorem (VA)
The World Made Small (VA)
From Forge and Furnace: A Celebration of Early American Iron (VA)
Wild Spaces, Open Seasons: Hunting and Fishing in American Art (VT)

Featured Citizen [More]

Ferdinand Magellan
a Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth. Born into a wealthy Portuguese family in around 1480, Magellan became a skilled sailor and naval officer and was eventually selected by King Charles I of Spain to search for a westward route to the Maluku Islands (the "Spice Islands").

Word of the Day [More]

A large clasp knife. This word was used mainly in Scotland and northern England, from the 17th into the 19th century. It took various forms: jactaleg, jackylegs, jockylegs, and the like. There is an unverified suggestion that such knives were imported, and first made by Jacques de Liege, whence by corruption jockteleg. It is more likely that the large knife was worn at the side of the leg, jack being a word commonly applied to many tools. For quotation, see keelvine.

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Daily Colonial Quote

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
There is no maxim in my opinion which is more liable to be misapplied, and which therefore needs elucidation than the current one that the interest of the majority is the political standard of right and wrong.... In fact it is only reestablishing under another name and a more specious form, force as the measure of right....
— James Madison
Letter to James Monroe, October 5, 1786

Latest Activity

Today1 Broadsheet added
1 Census Person added/edited
06/27/171 Broadsheet added
32 Census People added/edited
6 Census Links added/edited
13 Census Notes Items added/edited
8 Timeline and/or Link entries added/edited
06/26/171 Broadsheet added
23 Calendar Events added/edited
11 Census People added/edited
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06/24/171 Broadsheet added
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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

Travels in the American Colonies: Colonel Chicken's Journal To The Cherokees
Regional History: Journals06/19/17
May, 2017
Antiques: Auction Results06/05/17
New England Weather: Summer of 1771
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times05/23/17
John Woolman's Journal: Chapter 12
Regional History: Journals05/13/17
April, 2017
Antiques: Auction Results05/06/17
An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals04/30/17
New England Weather: 1744 Earthquake
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times04/21/17
Architectural Styles: Colonial
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times04/09/17
Architectural Styles: Georgian
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times04/09/17
Architectural Styles: Federal
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times04/09/17

This Day in Early Modern History -- June 28th

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events
 •  1519-King Carlos I elected as Roman Catholic German emperor Charles V
 •  1524-Duke van Bourbon occupies Province 
 •  1575-Spanish troops conquer Buren
 •  1583-Duke French van Valois returns to France 
 •  1593-Earl Mauritius conquerors Geertruidenberg 
 •  1635-French colony of Guadeloupe established in Caribbean 
 •  1748-Riot after public execution in Amsterdam, 200+ killed
 •  1762-First reported counterfeiting attempt, Boston 
  -Russian tsarina Catherine the Great grabs power
 •  1770-Quakers open a school for blacks in Philadelphia
 •  1775-First regatta held on Thames, England 
 •  1776-Final draft of Declaration of Independence submitted to U.S. Congress
  -Battle of Sullivan's Island: Charleston, South Carolina repulses British sea attack
 •  1778-Mary Ludwig Hayes "Molly Pitcher" aids American patriots at the Battle of Monmouth, NJ: General George Washington beats British Sir Henry Clinton
 •  1807-British troops lands at Ensenada, Argentina 
 •  1820-Tomato is proven non-poisonous 
 •  1832-Gerrit Moll measures noise of guns 
 •  1836-James Madison dies at age 85
 •  1838-Britain's Queen Victoria crowned in Westminster Abbey
 •  1846-Parisian inventor Adolphe Sax files 14 patents for his new invention, the saxophone
 •  1857-Western writer Emerson Hough is born
 •  1859-First dog show held, Newcastle-on-Tyne, England

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 06/28/2017
Gov. Scott's vetoes could impact Luna archaeology efforts
June 05, 2017, Pensacola News Journal by Joseph Baucum
The University of West Florida's excavations of the Don Tristan de Luna settlement in East Pensacola Heights could be impacted by Gov. Rick Scott's $410 million cuts last Friday to the Legislature’s $83 billion proposed budget.

The governor slashed $4.1 million to the university, of which $1.1 million would have gone to the university’s archaeology program. Since 2015, researchers and students from the program have conducted several digs and tests of the Luna site, arguably the oldest established European multi-year settlement in the United States.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/27/2017
Museum wants Revolutionary War boat saved from lake bottom
June 04, 2017, The Associated Press by Staff
More than two decades after it was discovered at the bottom of Lake Champlain, a Revolutionary War gunboat may see the light of day under a museum plan to raise, preserve and put the vessel on display.

The Spitfire, a 54-foot boat that’s part of a fleet built by Benedict Arnold before he turned traitor, sank a day after the 1776 Battle of Valcour Island, helping delay a British advance down the lake.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/26/2017
The last Muslim King in Spain
May 15, 2017, Heritage daily by Staff
Based on original research, and drawing attention to the connections between the medieval moorish king Boabdil, and current social and political concerns in europe today, Cambridge academic Elizabeth Drayson presents the first full account in any language of the moorish sultan of Granada, and head of the Nasrid dynasty.

The academic’s research has also uncovered a potential mystery regarding the final resting place of the last Muslim king in Spain. Long thought to have died in Algeria in 1494, experts are now hoping to exhume and DNA test what they believe to be the remains of the sultan beneath a derelict mausoleum in Fez, Morocco.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/25/2017
O'Reilly Blames Ouster on Ideology, Culture With 'No Rules'
May 30, 2017, The Associated Press by Hillel Italie
Former Fox News personality Bill O'Reilly has lost his nightly show, but he's as busy as ever with his million-selling book career and determined to find new fans online.

..."Killing England: The Brutal Struggle for American Independence," which focuses on the Revolutionary War era, will be published Sept. 19, Henry Holt and Co. told the AP. The book will be co-written by O'Reilly's longtime collaborator, Martin Dugard. The six previous "Killing" books, which include "Killing Lincoln," ''Killing Reagan" and "Killing Kennedy," have consistently sold more than 1 million copies each in hardcover, a rare achievement in publishing for nonfiction.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/24/2017
After the Battle
May 05, 2017, Archaeology Magazine by Daniel Weiss
On September 3, 1650, between Doon Hill and the London Road in Dunbar, Scotland, the English Parliamentary army led by Oliver Cromwell battled the Scottish Covenanting army. By this time, the series of conflicts known as the English Civil Wars had raged, off and on, for eight years. At the outset, Cromwell and the Scots had been on the same side, opposed to the royalists who backed King Charles I. The king had been beheaded the previous year, and now the Scots were supporting the royal claim of his son, Charles II.

The Scots are thought to have had as much as a two-to-one advantage in men, and held a superior position on the hill. However, many of the Scots were novices who had been recruited over the summer to replace more experienced soldiers purged from the army for their dissenting political views. When the Scots set out to attack at first light, Cromwell’s forces pounced and made quick work of them. The Battle of Dunbar was over in an hour, with the Scots suffering the overwhelming majority of casualties.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/23/2017
Lost City of Etzanoa Found
May 25, 2017, Indian Country Today by Steve Russell
Another of the “lost cities” of North America may have been found, according to Dr. Donald Blakeslee, an archaeologist at Wichita State University. The Wichita Indians who discovered Francisco Vásquez de Coronado in 1541 and Juan de Oñate y Salazar in 1601, according to archaeological evidence, had been farming since 900 CE. The Indians who encountered the Spanish intruders lived in fairly big cities for the times. Coronado called the city he visited Quivira; Oñate found his way to an urban center he called Etzanoa.

The Spanish were looking for the “Seven Cities of Gold,” which in hindsight were probably inventions of various Indians to get rid visitors who were eating their food, raping their women, and forcing them to labor for the benefit of Spain. Not finding the golden cities, the Spanish explorers were less than exact in explaining the locations they had visited. That inexactness let to disputes that play out today among archaeologists and those of us who observe archaeologists in their native habitats.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/22/2017
Route on NY’s Long Island designated Washington Spy Trail
May 18, 2017, The Associated Press by Staff
New York state is bestowing a special designation upon a stretch of road on Long Island’s North Shore that was used by a Revolutionary War spy ring working for George Washington.

Route 25A from Great Neck to Port Jefferson, about a 50-mile stretch, is being officially designated Thursday as the Washington Spy Trail. More than two dozen spy ring signs will be installed along the route.

posted on Colonial Sense: 05/30/2017
Blood found on Revolutionary War shrapnel in New Jersey
May 19, 2017, The Associated Press by Staff
Human blood was found on shrapnel discovered on a Revolutionary War battlefield in New Jersey.

Members of the Battlefield Restoration and Archaeological Volunteer Organization working in Freehold Township found the canister shot used by the Continental Army against British troops during the Battle of Monmouth in 1778. They then sent the lead to Colorado for testing, and it came back positive for human blood protein, the Asbury Park Press ( reported.

posted on Colonial Sense: 05/30/2017
The Lost Colony of Popham
May 12, 2017, by Evan Andrews
In 1607, the same year that the famous Jamestown colony was established in Virginia, a second settlement was forged on the windswept coast of Maine. Called the Popham colony, the little-known village was the first British settlement in New England and boasted over 100 residents at its peak. Popham only lasted a year before a breakdown in leadership brought about its collapse, but it helped set the stage for the Pilgrims and the more successful Plymouth Colony that arose 12 years later.

posted on Colonial Sense: 05/29/2017
How a Financial Panic Helped Launch the New York Stock Exchange
May 17, 2017, Time by Olivia B. Waxman
Long before One World Trade Center towered over Lower Manhattan, an American sycamore or buttonwood tree on Wall Street was the tallest thing in the area, and the center of commerce. It was 225 years ago, May 17, 1792, under that very tree, that 24 stockbrokers and merchants signed the so-called Buttonwood Agreement, establishing the parameters for trading in the first incarnation of the New York Stock Exchange.

They agreed that they'd only trade with each other and represent the interests of the public, which meant that the confidence that they had in each other was the confidence that they had in the market. In other words, they wouldn't have to be worrying about selling bad stock or competition over commission rates, so the prices charged would reflect the value of the stock, not some other factor.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 354Online Resources Links: 612Recipes: 480
Census People: 10,265 | Pix: 4,438 (43.23%) | Countries: 9,503 (92.58%) | Dates: 3,033 (29.55%) | Bio: 9,136 (89.00%) | TLs: 954 (9.29%)/3,102 (40.12%) | Links: 9,231 (89.93%) | Gallery: 51 (0.50%) | Notes: 1,411 (13.75%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 59 | Pix: 2 (3.39%) | Countries: 59 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 59 (100.00%) | TLs: 2 (3.39%)/8 | Links: 61 (103.39%) | Gallery: 61 (103.39%) | Notes: 61 (103.39%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,406Broadsheet Archive: 2,712Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,731    Tagged: 6,321 (81.76%)   With Links: 4,170 (53.94%)   Total Links: 5,174
Colonial Quotes: 1,884Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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