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Auction #159 Online Only - Heckler's Auction(CT)
83rd Annual Savannah Tour of Homes & Gardens(GA)
Irresistible. Unreserved - Skinner Auctions(MA)
Rococo: Celebrating 18th-Century Design and Decoration(MA)
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America's Folk Art(VA)
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The 65-Year Collection of Barbara Sisson - Jeffrey S Evans Auctions(VA)
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Louise Elisabeth Vigee Le Brun
a prominent French painter. Her artistic style is generally considered part of the aftermath of Rococo, while she often adopts a neoclassical style. Vigée Le Brun cannot be considered a pure Neoclassicist, however, in that she creates mostly portraits in Neoclassical dress rather than the History painting. While serving as the portrait painter to Marie Antoinette, Vigée Le Brun works purely in Rococo in both her color and style choices. Vigée Le Brun left a legacy of 660 portraits and 200 landscapes.

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Factor Agent
Also Commission Merchant. One who acts or transacts business for another; Scottish steward or bailiff of an estate

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Queen Anne's War
At the start of Queen Anne's War, in response to Spanish attacks, 500 English soldiers and militia along with 300 Indians captured and burned a town in the Spanish province of Florida. What was the town in Florida that the British attacked?
  1. Daytona

  2. Miami

  3. St. Augustine

  4. Tampa

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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
Without wishing to damp the ardor of curiosity or influence the freedom of inquiry, I will hazard a prediction that, after the most industrious and impartial researchers, the longest liver of you all will find no principles, institutions or systems of education more fit in general to be transmitted to your posterity than those you have received from your ancestors.
— John Adams
Letter to the young men of the Philadelphia, May 7, 1798

Latest Activity

Today2 Calendar Events added/edited
7 Census People added/edited
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03/22/182 Census People added/edited
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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

Travels in the American Colonies: A Ranger's Report
Regional History: Journals03/15/18
February, 2018
Antiques: Auction Results03/04/18
New England Weather: The Freshet of 1846
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times02/21/18
January, 2018
Antiques: Auction Results02/11/18
Travels in the American Colonies: Captain Fitch's Journal
to the Creeks
Regional History: Journals01/31/18
The White Pine Series: Connecticut
Architecture: Houses01/21/18
The White Pine Series: New York
Architecture: Houses01/21/18
New England Weather: The Cold Friday of 1810
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times01/12/18
A Washington Irving Christmas
Society-Lifestyle: Holidays12/23/17
New England Weather: Winter of 1835-36
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times12/20/17

This Day in Early Modern History -- March 23rd

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events


 •  1540-Waltham Abbey is surrendered to King Henry VIII of England; the last religious community to be closed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries.
 •  1568-Peace of Longjumeau: French huguenots go on strike
 •  1579-Friesland joins Union of Utrecht 
 •  1593-English Congressionalist Henry Barrowe and John Greenwood sentenced to death on a capital charge of "devising and circulating seditious books." 
 •  1630-French troops occupy Pinerolo Piedmont 
 •  1657-France and England form alliance against Spain 
  -England gets Dunkirk 
 •  1708-English pretender to the throne James Francis Edward Stuart (aka James III) lands at Firth of Forth 
 •  1743-George Frideric Handel's oratorio Messiah premieres in London
 •  1775-Patrick Henry proclaims "Give me liberty or give me death"
 •  1792-Joseph Haydn's 94th Symphony in G premieres
 •  1794-First U.S. patent (Josiah G. Pierson for a "cold-header" riveting machine) 
  -Lieutenant-General Tadeusz Kosciuszko returns to Poland 
 •  1801-Murder attempt on Czar Paul I of Russia 
 •  1806-Meriwether Lewis and William Clark depart Fort Clatsop
 •  1808-Napoleon Bonaparte's brother Joseph Bonaparte takes the throne of Spain 
 •  1832-British Parliament passes reform bill 
 •  1835-Charles Darwin reaches Los Arenales, in the Andes 
 •  1836-Steam-powered coin press invented by Franklin Peale
 •  1839-First recorded use of "OK" [oll korrect] in Boston's Morning Post
 •  1840-John William Draper takes first successful photo of the Moon (daguerrotype) 
 •  1849-Battle of Novara ends (King Charles Albert of Sardinia vs Italian republic)
 •  1857-Elisha Otis' first elevator installed (488 Broadway, New York City)
 •  1858-Streetcar patented (E A Gardner of Philadelphia) 


 •  1609-  Johann Heinrich Schonfeld -- Artists
 •  1680-  Juan Ramírez Mejandre -- Sculptors
 •  1703-  Cajsa Warg -- Writers
 •  1749-  Pierre-Simon Laplace -- Astronomers
 •  1750-  Johannes Matthias Sperger -- Composers
 •  1802-  Joel H. Johnson -- Writers
 •  1817-  Louis Ferdinand Alfred Maury -- WritersPhysicians
 •  1829-  Norman Robert Pogson -- Astronomers


 •  1555-   Julius III -- Clergy
 •  1628-  Robert Daborne -- Writers
 •  1638-  Georg Flegel -- Artists
 •  1642-  Andries Both -- Artists
 •  1661-  Pieter de Molijn -- Artists
 •  1669-  Philipp Friedrich Buchner -- Composers
 •  1675-  Anthoni van Noordt -- Composers
 •  1680-  Nicolas Fouquet -- Governance
 •  1697-  William Child -- Composers
 •  1743-  Lancelot Blackburne -- Pirates
 •  1757-  Thomas Herring -- Clergy
 •  1786-  Patience Wright -- SculptorsArtistsWriters
 •  1809-  Thomas Holcroft -- Writers
 •  1828-  David Friesenhausen -- AstronomersClergyWriters
 •  1840-  William Maclure -- WritersScientistsCartographers
 •  1842-   Stendhal -- Writers

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 03/13/2018
Tree believed to be planted by George Washington 227 years ago is knocked down by nor'easter
March 04, 2018, Fox News by Nicole Darrah
A tree at George Washington’s Mount Vernon – said to be planted by the first president himself – was knocked down Friday by the powerful nor'easter that struck the U.S.

“Today at Mount Vernon, strong winds brought down a 227-year-old Canadian Hemlock, as well as a Virginia Cedar that stood watch over Washington’s tomb for many years,” the historical landmark posted on Facebook.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/12/2018
Wyld's Great Globe
March 02, 2018, Amusing Planet by Kaushik
The famous British cartographer and former Member of Parliament, James Wyld, had a brilliant plan to promote his mapmaking business. The Great Exhibition was slated for 1851, at Hyde Park in London, and would be visited by prominent industrialists, scientist, and artists from around the world, as well as members of the Royal family. Wyld figured if he could create a huge model of the earth with an accurate depiction of earth’s geography, for the exhibition, it could further his chances of scoring new business deals and increasing sales.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/11/2018
Archaeologist uncovers hidden history of conquistadors in American South
February 28, 2018, by Tulane University
Chris Rodning, the Paul and Debra Gibbons Professor in the Tulane School of Liberal Arts' Department of Anthropology, unravels early entanglements between Native Americans and European explorers, revealing how their interactions shaped the history of the American South.

"Native Americans' responses to Spanish explorers and colonists form an important part of the story behind the history of European colonialism in North America," said Rodning, who conducts archaeological research at Fort San Juan—the earliest known permanent European settlement in the interior United States, located near Morganton, North Carolina.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/10/2018
A golden age in the Americas when even artists were 'spoils of war'
February 26, 2018, The Art Newspaper by Victoria Stapley-Brown
“The Inca… acquired innumerable riches of gold and silver and other valuable things, such as precious stones and red shells, which these natives then esteemed more than silver or gold.” This quote, from the Spanish cartographer Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa’s 1572 history of the indigenous American civilisation, opens the exhibition Golden Kingdoms: Luxury and Legacy in the Ancient Americas, at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. It introduces a view of materials that baffled gold-greedy conquistadors—and will challenge visitors’ ideas of what has “inherent or universal value”, says the show’s lead curator, Joanne Pillsbury.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/09/2018
The Delicate Art of Cobweb Paintings
February 24, 2018, Amusing Planet by Kaushik
Who could have thought that the delicate, fine, silky threads of a spider’s cobweb could be woven into a canvas strong enough to withstand the abrasive strokes of an artist’s brush? But the hundred or so paintings that survive today in museums and in the hands of private collectors bear testimony to this incredibly ingenious, painstaking and time-consuming craft that the Austrian monks of the Tyrolean Alps practiced in the 16th century.

Cobweb painting, sometimes also called gossamer painting, are made on fabrics made of spider cobwebs or caterpillars' silk. The cobwebs are collected from the wild, and great care is taken to remove twigs, insect parts, spider droppings etc. that become trapped and entangled in the web. After carefully cleaning the webs, they are stretched over a cardboard to form a thin canvas. Over this canvas a coat of diluted milk is applied to add strength. The canvas is now ready to paint, but it is still extremely fragile. Even a gentle poke of a finger can completely destroy a cobweb painting.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/08/2018
Metropolitan Museum Turns Away Visitor in 18th-Century Style Gown
February 26, 2018, Hyperallergic by Benjamin Sutton
If it’s not the night of the Met Gala, guests in elaborate dresses may have a hard time getting into the Metropolitan Museum. On Saturday afternoon, a woman wearing a handmade dress in the 18th-century robe à la française style was barred from entering the institution.

Eliza Vincz, a historian specializing in 18th-century fashion and politics, had arrived at the museum to participate in a “Fashion and Beauty Tour” led by Shady Ladies Tours founder Andrew Lear, an art historian and scholar. She was wearing a gown of blue silk taffeta and silk organza in the style of dresses worn around 1765–1775, as found in portraits from that era (and somewhat similar to a dress from that period in the Met’s permanent collection). But as the group entered the museum, a security guard took exception to Vincz’s conspicuous couture.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/07/2018
How people talk now holds clues about human migration centuries ago
March 02, 2018, The Conversation by Nicole Creanza and André Ché Sherriah
Often, you can tell where someone grew up by the way they speak.

For example, if someone in the United States doesn’t pronounce the final “r” at the end of “car,” you might think they are from the Boston area, based on sometimes exaggerated stereotypes about American accents and dialects, such as “Pahk the cahr in Hahvahd Yahd.”

As is the case with most English-based Creoles, the majority of the lexicon is English. Unlike most English Creoles, though, Sranan represents a linguistic fossil of the early colonial English that went into its development. In 1667, soon after Sranan was formed, the English ceded Suriname to the Dutch, and most English speakers moved elsewhere. So the indentured servants and other migrants from England had a brief but strong influence on Sranan.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/06/2018
The Confessions of Matthias Buchinger
January 10, 2018, The Dungherder by Joshua Scott Hotchkin
The following details were revealed to me in a trance by an entity claiming to be the Bardo-bound consciousness of Matthias Buchinger.

First I will give you a basic bio on Buchinger, whom I was also unfamiliar with until after having channeled a telepathic being claiming to be him.

He was born in Anspach, Germany in June of 1674 without fully formed limbs. His legs commenced shortly below the waist and his arm protrusions were described as fin-like and of various lengths. Despite this he was an exceedingly capable man, physically and intellectually, and overcame his handicaps through the accrual of many talents. In fact it was said that his talents would have been considered exceptional even if he did not attain them through such adversity.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/05/2018
Extremely rare copy of the Declaration of Independence, once hidden behind wallpaper, surfaces
February 27, 2018, Fox News by James Rogers
An extremely rare copy of the Declaration of Independence that was hidden behind wallpaper to protect it from ransacking Civil War troops, has surfaced.

The Washington Post reports that the copy, which is one of only 51 known to exist, resurfaced last month after its purchase by billionaire David M. Rubenstein, co-founder of private equity firm The Carlyle Group.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/04/2018
Classical Musician Has Million Dollar Cello Stolen at Knife-Point in Paris Suburb
February 19, 2018, BreitBart by Chris Tomlinson
Classical musician Ophélie Gaillard was attacked in the Paris suburb of Pantin and was held at knife-point by a man who stole her antique cello worth 1.3 million euros ($1.5 million/£1.1 million).

The theft took place at around 7pm on Thursday just as Gaillard was leaving her house to get in her car. The suspect, a man who police have not given a description of, held up a knife and demanded the instrument which was crafted in Italy in 1737 and on loan to her by CIC bank, French broadcaster RTL reports.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 280Online Resources Links: 613Recipes: 481
Census People: 10,946 | Pix: 4,934 (45.08%) | Countries: 10,173 (92.94%) | Dates: 3,129 (28.59%) | Bio: 9,793 (89.47%) | TLs: 1,340 (12.24%)/3,661 (47.43%) | Links: 11,186 (102.19%) | Gallery: 52 (0.48%) | Notes: 1,668 (15.24%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 100 | Pix: 2 (2.00%) | Countries: 100 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 65 (65.00%) | TLs: 2 (2.00%)/8 | Links: 82 (82.00%) | Gallery: 82 (82.00%) | Notes: 82 (82.00%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,406Broadsheet Archive: 2,841Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,718    Tagged: 6,345 (82.21%)   With Links: 4,283 (55.49%)   Total Links: 5,330
Colonial Quotes: 2,693Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5
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