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Today's Events [More]

Crochet Basics (AL)
The Flea Market at Eastern Market (DC)
Hamilton and Burr: Who Wrote Their Stories? (DE)
Lakewood 400 Antiques Market (GA)
37th Annual Kunstfest (IN)
Koh-Koh-Mah and Foster Living History Encampment (IN)
Celebrating the Fiber Arts: The Helen Geier Flynt Textile Gallery (MA)
Engraved Powder Horns from the French and Indian War and the American Revolution: The William H. Guthman Collection (MA)
Furniture Masterworks: Tradition and Innovation in Western Massachusetts (MA)
Grafton Flea Market (MA)
Inspired Design: Asian Decorative Arts and Their Adaptations (MA)
Into the Woods: Crafting Early American Furniture (MA)
Old Deerfield Fall Craft Festival (MA)
The Boxborough Antiques Show (MA)
Honey Harvest Festival (MD)
Montgomery County Fairgrounds Flea Market (MD)
Montsweag Flea Market (ME)
Michigan Antiques and Collectibles Festival (MI)
Grand Opening of Fort (NC)
Chelsea Flea Market (NY)
Fall Antiques in Schoharie (NY)
Hell's Kitchen Flea Market (NY)
Sixteenth Annual Seminar on the American Revolution (NY)
American History: Timed Auction (OH)
American Indian Art: Timed Auction (OH)
BEER BREWING AND GARDEN HIGHLIGHTS (PA)
Hex Signs: Sacred and Celestial Symbolism in Pennsylvania Dutch Barn Stars (PA)
Philadelphia Flea Market (PA)
Roosevelt Mall Flea Market (PA)
The Original 173rd Semi-Annual York Antiques Show and Sale (PA)
Thrown, Fired and Glazed: The Redware Tradition from Pennsylvania and Beyond (PA)
Overmountain Victory Trail Celebration (TN)
Field Day of the Past (VA)
Forgotten Soldier Special Exhibition (VA)
TENACITY: Women in Jamestown and Early Virginia (VA)
Washington and Marshall: Federalist Forged in Battle Exhibit (VA)
Peru Fair (VT)

Featured Citizen [More]

Edward Mansvelt
a 17th-century Dutch corsair and buccaneer who, at one time, was acknowledged as an informal chieftain of the "Brethren of the Coast". He was the first to organise large scale raids against Spanish settlements, tactics which would be utilised to attack Spanish strongholds by later buccaneers in future years, and held considerable influence in Tortuga and Port Royal. He was widely considered one of the finest buccaneers of his day and, following his death, his position was assumed by his protégé and vice-admiral, Henry Morgan. Between 1665 and 1667 while the Dutch and England were at war Jamaican Governor Modyford assembled buccaneers to attack the Dutch islands in the Caribbean. This first attack was led by Captain Sir Henry Morgan, but only the islands of Saint Eustatius and Sabo were defeated. Consequently, Modyford organized a second expedition in 1664 with Captain Mansfield as admiral of the fleet. In 1665, Captain Mansfield's fleet sailed toward Curacao, but the journey took them against the Eastern trade winds, hindering their ability to make progress in the expected amount of time. Faced with mutiny, Captain Mansfield changed course and headed for Boca del Toro near Costa Rica. In spite of this new heading, many ships deserted him. In Costa Rica, the remaining crew marched on the city of Cartago. 90 miles inland, they encountered stiff resistance and had to give up due to insufficient supplies to continue. Returning to the coast, more pirates left Captain Mansfield's command. With few men left and supplies low, Captain Mansfield opted to attack Providence Island off the Honduran coast next. There his fleet of four was joined by two French ships and their attack was successful and their take included much booty and over 150 slaves. Captain Mansfield returned to Jamaica in 1665.

Word of the Day [More]

Tocsin
An alarm, rung by a bell; also, the alarm bell. Provencal tocar (French toucher, originally an echoic word), to touch, strike + senh (Latin signum sign; later, bell), bell. Also used figuratively, as in A. Clarke's LIFE (1832): He thought the seizure in my foot would turn to an attack of gout. This was a tocsin to me.

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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
The very soul of the slothful does effectually but lie drowsing in his body, and the whole man is totally given up to his senses.
— Roger L'Estrange

Latest Activity

Today1 Broadsheet added
35 Census People added/edited
8 Dictionary words added/edited
09/21/191 Broadsheet added
1 Census Person added/edited
09/20/191 Broadsheet added
2 Census People added/edited
8 Census Links added/edited
4 Fortifications added/edited
4 Fortification Links added/edited
1 Dictionary word added/edited
09/19/191 Broadsheet added
13 Census People added/edited
57 Census Links added/edited
09/18/191 Broadsheet added
6 Census People added/edited
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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

WhatWhereWhen
August, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results09/09/19
An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals08/23/19
July, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results08/07/19
New England Weather: 1851 Tornado
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times07/21/19
June, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results07/08/19
Travels in the American Colonies: Journal of Captain Phineas Stevens' Journey to Canada, 1752
Regional History: Journals06/22/19
May, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results06/12/19
The White Pine Series: Connecticut
Architecture: Houses06/06/19
The White Pine Series: New Hampshire
Architecture: Houses06/06/19
The White Pine Series: New York
Architecture: Houses06/06/19

This Day in Early Modern History -- September 22nd

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events

Events

 •  1504-A settled engagement is arranged between Karel of Luxembourg and Claudia the Beaujeu. 
  -Treaty of Blois: Philip I of Castile, Maximilian I and Louis XII agree to terms.
 •  1529-Cardinal Thomas Wolsey lays-off English Lord Chancellor 
 •  1554-Francisco Vasquez de Coronado dies without finding the fabled cities of gold
 •  1586-Battle of Zutphen: English vs Dutch army
 •  1598-Playwright Ben Jonson is indicted for manslaughter
 •  1656-All female jury hears case of Judith Catchpole who is accused of witchcraft and killing her child (and acquits her)
 •  1665- Moliere's L'Amour médecin premieres in Paris
 •  1692-Last eight people hanged for witchcraft in America, at Salem, MA
 •  1699-People of Rotterdam strike over high cost of butter 
 •  1711-French troops occupy Rio de Janeiro 
 •  1733-Polish King Stanislaw Leszczynski flees to Danzig 
 •  1735-Robert Walpole is first British Prime Minister to live at 10 Downing Street
 •  1745-Charles Edward Stuart (aka Bonnie Prince Charlie)'s army returns to Edinburgh 
 •  1753-Pangeran Gusti installed as sultan of Banten 
 •  1756-Nassau Hall opens at Princeton University 
 •  1776-Patriot Nathan Hale executed for spying
 •  1784-Russian trappers establish a colony on Kodiak Island, Alaska 
 •  1789-Office of Postmaster General is created under the Treasury Department 
 •  1791-Michael Faraday (of electricity & magnetism fame) is born in England
 •  1792-Origin of French Republican Era
 •  1817-John Quincy Adams becomes eighth Secretary of State
 •  1828- Shaka Zulu assassinated
 •  1857-Russian warship Lefort disappears in Finland Gulf in storm -- 826 die

Births

 •  1515-   Anne of Cleves -- Governance
 •  1552-   Vasili IV -- Governance
 •  1601-   Anne of Austria -- Governance
 •  1606-  Li Zicheng -- MilitaryGovernance
 •  1711-  Thomas Wright -- Astronomers
 •  1737-  John Pickering -- Governance
 •  1788-  Theodore Hook -- ComposersPerformers
 •  1791-  Michael Faraday -- InventorsScientists
 •  1811-  Michal Miloslav Hodza -- Writers
 •  1816-  Charles Leickert -- Artists

Deaths

 •  1520-   Selim I -- ClergyGovernance
 •  1576-  Walter Devereux -- MilitaryGovernance
 •  1607-  Alessandro Allori -- Artists
 •  1626-  Aodh Mac Cathmhaoil -- ClergyWriters
 •  1637-  Charles Gonzaga -- Governance
 •  1660-  Pieter de Ring -- Artists
 •  1688-  Francois Bernier -- WritersPhysicians
 •  1737-  Michel Pignolet de Monteclair -- Composers
 •  1742-  Frederic Louis Norden -- ExplorersNavalWriters
 •  1774-   Clement XIV -- Clergy
 •  1778-  Nathan Hale -- Military
 •  1828-   Shaka -- MilitaryGovernance
 •  1836-  Stefan Stratimirovic -- Clergy
 •  1848-  James Dunlop -- Astronomers
 •  1857-  Daniele Manin -- Governance

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 09/22/2019
Archaeologists discover more than 150,000 historical artifacts near downtown Houston
July 01, 2019, San Antonio Express-News (TX) by Marcy de Luna
The Texas Department of Transportation ( TxDOT) has discovered more than 150,000 artifacts near downtown Houston.

Excavations at Frost Town near Minute Maid Park were initiated in 2016 in association with the planned replacement of aging 1950's bridge structure, the Elysian Street Viaduct, TxDOT's Jason W. Barrett, PhD. told Chron.com.

...The area dates back to 1836 when Jonathan Benson Frost, a veteran of the Republic of Texas Army, built a house and a blacksmith shop on a small parcel of land adjacent to Buffalo Bayou, Barrett said.

posted on Colonial Sense: 09/21/2019 -- Followup
Were Betsy Ross Flags Flown at Obama’s Inauguration?
July 05, 2019, Snopes by Bethania Palma
A media kerfuffle over football-star-turned-civil-rights activist Colin Kaepernick and a canceled Nike shoe design featuring the so-called Betsy Ross flag ignited a “manufactroversy” in the lead-up to the 2019 Independence Day holiday. After Kaepernick’s purported role in torpedoing a shoe set for release on July 4, the internet lit up with commentary. Some people pointed to the 2012 inauguration of former U.S. President Barack Obama, the nation’s first African-American president, in which the 13-star, Revolutionary War-era flag could be seen hanging behind the stage.

posted on Colonial Sense: 09/20/2019
Haitians fought in our Revolutionary War...we turned our backs on theirs
January 16, 2010, Daily Kos by Denise Oliver Velez
As we all turn our eyes towards the epic tragedy unfolding in Haiti, and as massive relief efforts get underway (thank-yous to all here who have dedicated time and money to those efforts) I am enraged by right-wing commentary that encourages our citizenry to turn their backs on Haiti and Haitians. For what do they have to do with us?

The history of Haiti, and its relationship to the United States is as old as the American Revolution, not withstanding the spews of bigots.

posted on Colonial Sense: 09/19/2019
Before America Got Uncle Sam, It Had to Endure Brother Jonathan
July 04, 2019, Atlas Obscura by Adee Braun
He was ill-mannered and ill-spoken—a boor, a braggart, a ruffian, a bigot, a hick, and a trickster. His name was Brother Jonathan.

Today he is all but forgotten—eclipsed by his upstanding uncle, Sam. But after the Revolutionary War, Brother Jonathan was the personification of the newly independent American people: clever, courageous, not all that sophisticated and proud of it. He was the everyman incarnate. It was the everyman who had led America to victory. And now America looked to the everyman to lead them out from the bloated shadow of Great Britain.

posted on Colonial Sense: 09/18/2019
Searching for traces of George Washington in places where his deeds remain cherished and celebrated
July 01, 2019, The Washington Post (DC) by Michael E. Ruane and Matt McClain
The coat of arms carved into the old tombstone in the Washington family cemetery is stained green with age. The three stars on the shield are worn down, and the wings of the raven rising from the crown are mottled.

But the ancient Washington motto, Exitus Acta Probat — “The Outcome Justifies the Deed” — is still discernible.

Although George Washington is buried at Mount Vernon, many miles up the Potomac River, it was near this remote spot on Popes Creek where he was born in 1732. Here, his forebears rest. And to this place, the impact of his life on his country and the world may be traced.

posted on Colonial Sense: 09/17/2019
The US island that speaks Elizabethan English
June 24, 2019, BBC by Brian Carlton
I'd never been called a dingbatter until I went to Ocracoke for the first time. I've spent a good part of my life in North Carolina, but I'm still learning how to speak the ‘Hoi Toider’ brogue. The people here just have their own way of speaking: it's like someone took Elizabethan English, sprinkled in some Irish tones and 1700s Scottish accents, then mixed it all up with pirate slang. But the Hoi Toider dialect is more than a dialect. It's also a culture, one that's slowly fading away. With each generation, fewer people play meehonkey, cook the traditional foods or know what it is to be mommucked.

Located 34 miles from the North Carolina mainland, Ocracoke Island is fairly isolated. You can’t drive there as there are no bridges, and most people can’t fly either as there are no commercial flights. If you want to go there, it has to be by boat. In the early 1700s, that meant Ocracoke was a perfect spot for pirates to hide, as no soldiers were going to search 16 miles of remote beaches and forests for wanted men.

posted on Colonial Sense: 09/16/2019
How to Bungle an Impeachment
July 05, 2019, The Daily Beast by Tom Shachtman
Say you want to impeach a very high government official whose conduct has been not only outrageous but extra-legal; and say your political party controls the Senate by more than the two-thirds majority necessary for a conviction; and say you have as lead prosecutor the country’s most formidable orator, who has already successfully led the charge against the official in the House—given all this, how do you bungle the job?

The target was a deserving one: Associate Justice of the Supreme Court Samuel Chase’s history of bad behavior dated back to 1780, when, despite being an enthusiastic signer of the Declaration of Independence, he hampered the Continental Army by trying to corner the flour market, and then lied about it to Congress. That earned him a scathing newspaper rebuke from Alexander Hamilton. In 1787 he was one of the few delegates to the Constitutional Convention to actively campaign against ratification. Because of that, George Washington declined to appoint him as the country’s first attorney general. By 1796, though, Chase had become an ardent enough Federalist for Washington to elevate him from the Maryland Supreme Court to the U.S. Supreme Court.

posted on Colonial Sense: 09/15/2019
Indians 101: Sixteenth Century European Laws About Indians
November 20, 2014, Daily Kos by Ojibwa
The European invasion of the Americas really began in the sixteenth century with several European nations competing to divide up the new lands among themselves. In justifying their ability to take lands from Indians, to rule Indians, to make slaves of Indians, and to kill Indians, the European formulated a number of laws.

In 1512, the Spanish King Ferdinand promulgated the Laws of Burgos which spelled out how Indians were to be treated. The laws regulated Indian work and conversion.

posted on Colonial Sense: 09/14/2019
Arizona governor says he wants to yank Nike's tax breaks over sneaker controversy
July 02, 2019, CNN by Jordan Valinsky
Arizona Governor Doug Ducey has ordered a financial incentive package for Nike to be withdrawn because the company canceled a sneaker featuring the "Betsy Ross" American flag.

In a series of tweets early Tuesday, the Republican governor said he was disappointed in Nike's "terrible" decision, which he called a "shameful retreat." Ducey said he believes Nike's action shows it lacks pride and appreciation for American history. He condemned the company for bowing to political correctness.

posted on Colonial Sense: 09/13/2019
When pirates studied Euclid
July 02, 2019, Aeon by Margaret Schotte
In 1673, in a North Sea skirmish that killed nearly 150 men, the French privateer Jean-François Doublet took a bullet that tossed him from the forecastle and broke his arm in two places. How did the precocious young second lieutenant choose to spend his convalescence? Doublet repaired to the French port city of Dieppe, where he signed up for three months of navigation lessons.

This might seem a strange decision; Doublet, who had gone to sea at the age of seven, already knew the ins and outs of navigation. Why would he bother paying for lessons? The school in Dieppe – the Royal School of Hydrography – was renowned for the calibre of its lectures, attracting passing tourists as well as naval trainees. Doublet was keen to learn some more advanced techniques from the teacher, Abbé Guillaume Denys. In his memoir, Doublet explains a practical motive too: if he got injured again, he would retire and open his own sailing school.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 422Online Resources Links: 614Recipes: 481
Census People: 11,330 | Pix: 5,187 (45.78%) | Countries: 10,541 (93.04%) | Dates: 3,668 (32.37%) | Bio: 10,128 (89.39%) | TLs: 1,406 (12.41%)/3,733 (48.35%) | Links: 16,667 (147.11%) | Gallery: 57 (0.50%) | Notes: 1,768 (15.60%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 142 | Pix: 2 (1.41%) | Countries: 142 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 88 (61.97%) | TLs: 2 (1.41%)/9 | Links: 118 (83.10%) | Gallery: 118 (83.10%) | Notes: 118 (83.10%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,408Broadsheet Archive: 3,021Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,721    Tagged: 6,378 (82.61%)   With Links: 4,420 (57.25%)   Total Links: 5,566
Colonial Quotes: 2,994Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5
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