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Today's Events [More]

Embroidery: The Language of Art (DE)
Aprons, Robes, and Thrones: Fraternal Regalia Catalogs in the Library & Archives Collection (MA)
Discovery Online Auction - Skinner Auctions (MA)
Engraved Powder Horns from the French and Indian War and the American Revolution: The William H. Guthman Collection (MA)
Natural Selections: Flora and the Arts (MA)
Celebrating the Fiber Arts: The Helen Geier Flynt Textile Gallery (MA)
Into the Woods: Crafting Early American Furniture (MA)
Art & Collectibles Online-Only - Eldred's Auction (MA)
Raven's Many Gifts: Native Art of the Northwest Coast (MA)
Importing Splendor: Luxuries from China (MA)
Old Master Prints - Christie's Auction (NY)
The Last Argument of Kings: The Art and Science of 18th-century Artillery (NY)
Simple Gifts: Shaker at The Met (NY)
“Queen of Hearts: Dolley Madison in Popular Culture” (VA)
"Bartering for a Continent: How Anglo-Indian Trade Shaped America" Special Exhibition (VA)
Revolution in Taste (VA)
A Carolina Christmas (VA)
American Furniture: From Virginia to Vermont (VA)
Lock, Stock, and Barrel (VA)
Changing Keys: Keyboard Instruments for America, 1700–1830 (VA)
China of the Most Fashionable Sort: Chinese Export Porcelain in Colonial America (VA)
A Rich and Varied Culture: The Material World of the Early South (VA)
Silver from Mine to Masterpiece (VA)
We are One: Mapping America's Road from Revolution to Independence (VA)
Architectural Clues to 18th-Century Williamsburg (VA)
German Toys in America (VA)
Color and Shape: The Art of the American Theorem (VA)
The World Made Small (VA)
From Forge and Furnace: A Celebration of Early American Iron (VA)

Featured Citizen [More]

Oliver S. Frazer
an American artist who was active/lived in Kentucky. Oliver Frazer is known for portrait and miniature painting. In 1825 he left school to study art with Matthew Harris Jouett. After Jouett died in 1827, Frazer left Kentucky for Philadelphia, becoming a pupil of Thomas Sully. Around 1830, Frazer returned to Lexington to begin work as a portrait painter. Frazer sailed for France in May 1834, to study the Old Masters; he studied painting in Paris under Thomas Couture and Baron Antoine-Jean Gros. During 1835-35, Frazer visited major museums in Germany, Italy, Belgium, Switzerland, and England. Returning to Lexington in 1838, he opened a portrait studio at 12 East Main Street.

Word of the Day [More]

Airstone
A meteorite. A letter of 1608 said: They talk of divers prodigies, as well in these parts as in Holland, but especially airstones.

Daily Trivia [More]

(1775-1783)
American Revolution
In the Battle of Cowpens, what nickname did Daniel Morgan receive?
  1. The Old Soldier

  2. The Old Ranger

  3. The Old Man

  4. The Old Waggoner

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Daily Colonial Quote

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
Sir, I wish to understand the true principles of the Government. I wish them carried out. I ask nothing more.
— William Henry Harrison

Latest Activity

Today2 Census People added/edited
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01/16/171 Census Person added/edited
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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

WhatWhereWhen
An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals01/10/17
December, 2016
Antiques: Auction Results01/05/17
New England Weather: The Meteorite of 1807
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times12/23/16
Travels in the American Colonies: Diary Of A Journey Of Moravians
Regional History: Journals12/20/16
Moravian Christmas History: Christmas at the Bethlehem Boarding School
Society-Lifestyle: Holidays12/18/16
Moravian Christmas History: The Moravian Star
Society-Lifestyle: Holidays12/16/16
Moravian Christmas History: 250 Years of Moravian Christmas Candles
Society-Lifestyle: Holidays12/15/16
Moravian Christmas History: First Christmas Celebration in Herrnhut
Society-Lifestyle: Holidays12/14/16
Moravian Christmas History
Society-Lifestyle: Holidays12/14/16
November, 2016
Antiques: Auction Results12/10/16

This Day in Early Modern History -- January 17th

click on      for links to additional information; or go to the Timeline for more events
 •  1501-Cesare Borgia returns in triumph to Rome from Romagna 
 •  1536-Francois Rabelais absolved of apostasy by Pope Pope Paul III 
 •  1562-Edict of St. Germain recognizes Huguenots in France
 •  1584-Bohemia adopts Gregorian calendar 
 •  1595-French king Henri IV declares war on Spain 
 •  1601-France gains Bresse, Bugey, Valromey and Gex in treaty with Spain 
 •  1656-Brandenburg and Sweden sign Treaty of Königsberg
 •  1718-Avalanche destroys every building in Leukerbad, Switzerland -- kills 53 
 •  1746-Battle of Falkirk Muir: Scotland-Edward I defeats and massacres Scots
 •  1757-German Diet declares war on Prussia 
 •  1763-John Jacob Astor is born in Germany
 •  1773-Captain James Cook becomes first to cross Antarctic Circle (66 degrees 33' S) 
 •  1775-9 old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests, Kalisk, Poland 
  -Richard Brinsley Sheridan's The Rivals premieres in London
 •  1779-Captain James Cook's last notation in Discovery's log 
 •  1781-Battle of Cowpens, South Carolina
 •  1821-Mexico permits Moses Austin and 300 U.S. families to settle in Texas 
 •  1827-Duke of Wellington appointed British supreme commander 
 •  1829-Anne Brontë is born in England
 •  1832-Johannes van den Bosch appointed Governor-General of Dutch-Indies 
 •  1852-British recognize independence of Transvaal (South Africa)

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 01/10/2017
Jesus Precept
January 02, 2017, Snopes by Kim LaCapria
CLAIM: The modern image of Jesus is modeled on Cesare Borgia, a gangster's son.

STATUS: False

EXAMPLE: I've read recently that the modern depictions of Jesus with blonde hair and blue eyes may have been patterned after Cesare Borgia, the illegitimate son of Pope Alexander VI. I'm curious if this is true since Borgia was decidedly NOT Christ-like.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/10/2017
Was Martin Luther responsible for the Holocaust?
December 23, 2016, The Straight Dope by Cecil Adams
Dear Cecil:

Did Martin Luther, founder of the Protestant Reformation, instigate the Holocaust with his anti-Jewish writings, including his infamous On the Jews and Their Lies?

— Curious in Colorado

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/06/2017
Why Bowie Knives Are Called That
December 14, 2016, Today I Found Out by Karl Smallwood
James Bowie is a man today known primarily for two things- his participation in the Battle of the Alamo and a large knife design that bears his name. It’s impossible to separate fact from legend concerning an amazing amount of this American folk hero’s life, owing to Bowie leaving exceptionally little in the way of a paper trail documenting the events of his life and the fact that contemporary news articles about him are conflicting in their reports. That said, concerning the topic at hand today, we do definitively know how the style of knife now known as a “Bowie” knife got the name and how it was popularised.

It all started in 1826 when Bowie and his brother Rezin were staying in Alexandria, Louisiana. In the years leading up to this, the brothers operated an illegal foreign slave trade business in which they’d acquire foreign slaves from Jean Laffitte, who in turn had acquired these unfortunate individuals via capturing slave ships traveling through the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. The brother’s profit from this slave smuggling scheme supposedly made them almost $65,000 (about $1.1 million today) in the two years they were involved in it before moving on to land speculation.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/06/2017
Historians reach deal for Revolutionary War battlefield
December 12, 2016, The Associated Press by Staff
Historical activists have reached an agreement to save a portion of a Revolutionary War battlefield in New Jersey from development.

The Civil War Trust tells The Associated Press on Monday that it will pay an academic institute $4 million for nearly 15 acres across from Princeton Battlefield State Park. It still needs to raise most of the money.

The Maxwell's Field site is where historians believe George Washington's charge first struck British lines during the Battle of Princeton in January 1777. The land will be donated to the state to become part of the park.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/03/2017
Mything Teeth
December 21, 2016, Snopes by David Emery
CLAIM: U.S. President George Washington had wooden teeth.

STATUS: False

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/03/2017
Time Capsule Buried by Paul Revere and Sam Adams Discovered in Boston
December 12, 2016, History.com by Sarah Pruitt
About a dozen workers spent more than seven hours yesterday excavating a copper box from the cornerstone of the Massachusetts State House in Boston. Historians believe Revolutionary-era patriots Paul Revere and Samuel Adams placed the time capsule in the cornerstone in 1795, the year construction on the building began. It is thought to contain coins dating back to the 1600s, an engraved silver plate and newspapers, among other artifacts.

According to historical accounts, Samuel Adams (who by then had become governor of Massachusetts), Paul Revere and William Scollay placed the original contents of the time capsule in 1795, in a ceremony that started in downtown Boston and ended at the State House, then under construction. Located atop Beacon Hill on land once owned by the state’s first elected governor, John Hancock, the State House was completed in 1798. The Federalist-style building, sometimes called the “New” State House,” replaced the Old State House on Court Street as the seat of the Massachusetts government. The latter building built in 1713, is the oldest surviving public building in Boston and now houses a historical museum.

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/31/2016
The Truth About The Shortest Presidency
December 12, 2016, Today I Found Out by Matt Blitz
It was a wet, cold, wind overcast day on March 4, 1841. This didn’t matter to the thousands that had come out to the nation’s capital to see the president-elect William Henry Harrison be sworn into office as the 9th President of the United States. With people lining the streets all the way to the Capitol, it was described by John Quincy Adams as the largest crowd the city had ever seen and, by a historian later, as the most raucous celebration since George Washington’s 1789 inauguration. Despite his boring style and advanced age, Harrison’s military acumen while battling Indians in order to open western settlements earlier in the century had made “Old Tippecanoe” a populist candidate very much in line with the Andrew Jackson.

With temperatures in the mid-40s, Harrison rode through the streets not in a magnificent carriage that was built specifically for him, but – at his insistence – on a white horse. He wore no overcoat, gloves or hat because he felt it made him look undignified.

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/31/2016
This painting was looted by the Nazis, then seized from my living room
December 04, 2016, The Los Angeles Times (CA) by Craig Gilmore
Two agents from U.S. Homeland Security’s ICE unit arrived at my door in September looking for a Polish lady — not a person, but a painting: Melchior Geldorp’s “Portrait of a Lady.” She had, they informed me, been looted by the Nazis from the National Museum in Warsaw.

Unsure if these gentlemen were indeed who they claimed to be, I didn’t invite them in. But I knew exactly what they were seeking: My partner, David, and I had purchased this very portrait — ostensibly the work of a different artist — a decade earlier from a major auction house in New York.

Upon their leaving, I stood dumbfounded, holding a packet of information about the alleged provenance of our painting. After calling David at work to drop this bombshell, I began a Googling frenzy, eventually bringing me to Poland’s Division for Looted Art website. Seconds later I was gawking at an old black-and-white photo of our beloved lady, a beautiful portrait painted on oak panel in 1628. Tears welled in my eyes with the realization that, without question, if this were true we needed to do our duty and get her safely home.

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/27/2016
The Midnight Ride of Sybil Ludington
December 13, 2016, Now I Know by Dan Lewis
The American poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was born Maine in 1807, which is to say that he wasn’t around to witness the American Revolution. Nevertheless, in 1860 — as the nation became increasingly fractured and ultimately, fell into war once again — Longfellow wrote and published “Paul Revere’s Ride.” The poem recounts the heroism of patriot Paul Revere, who famously (in part because of the poem itself) rode into the night to warn the American troops that British troops had mobilized.

The poem has a lot of historical inaccuracies too numerous to list here. (That said, Wikipedia’s summary is solid.) A notable one, though, is that Revere wasn’t alone that night — he was joined by two others, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott. Only Dawes (not Revere) succeeded on the mission; Prescott fell from his horse and Revere was captured. But regardless, when one thinks of midnight rides to warn the Revolutionary Army of incoming British troops, one typically thinks of that April 18, 1775 ride.

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/27/2016
Captain Cook's detailed 1778 records confirm global warming today in the Arctic
November 26, 2016, The Seattle Times (WA) by Sandi Doughton
Passengers simmered in Jacuzzis and feasted on gourmet cuisine this summer as the 850-foot cruise ship Crystal Serenity moved through the Northwest Passage.

But in the summer of 1778, when Capt. James Cook tried to find a Western entrance to the route, his men toiled on frost-slicked decks and complained about having to supplement dwindling rations with walrus meat.

The British expedition was halted north of the Bering Strait by "ice which was as compact as a wall and seemed to be 10 or 12 feet high at least," according to the captain's journal. Cook's ships followed the ice edge all the way to Siberia in their futile search for an opening, sometimes guided through fog by the braying of the unpalatable creatures the crew called Sea Horses.


Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 201Online Resources Links: 611Recipes: 480
Census People: 9,641 | Pix: 3,979 (41.27%) | Countries: 8,885 (92.16%) | Dates: 2,994 (31.05%) | Bio: 8,520 (88.37%) | TLs: 344 (3.57%)/1,779 (22.89%) | Links: 8,584 (89.04%) | Gallery: 51 (0.53%) | Notes: 1,377 (14.28%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 4 | Pix: 2 (50.00%) | Countries: 4 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 4 (100.00%) | TLs: 2 (50.00%)/4 | Links: 2 (50.00%) | Gallery: 2 (50.00%) | Notes: 2 (50.00%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,406Broadsheet Archive: 2,649Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,771    Tagged: 6,299 (81.06%)   With Links: 3,891 (50.07%)   Total Links: 4,784
Colonial Quotes: 1,899Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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