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Made in the Americas: The New World Discovers Asia (DE)
Embroidery: The Language of Art (DE)
Open Hearth Cooking Demonstration: Tavern Fare (MA)
Aprons, Robes, and Thrones: Fraternal Regalia Catalogs in the Library & Archives Collection (MA)
Keeping Time - Clockmakers and Collectors (MA)
Into the Woods: Crafting Early American Furniture (MA)
Engraved Powder Horns from the French and Indian War and the American Revolution (MA)
Tales and Ales (MA)
The Currency of Colonial America - the Struggle for Economic Independence (NH)
Eclectic Interiors Auction - Briggs Auction (PA)
“Queen of Hearts: Dolley Madison in Popular Culture” (VA)
"Bartering for a Continent: How Anglo-Indian Trade Shaped America" Special Exhibition (VA)

Featured Citizen [More]

Christopher Columbus
an Italian explorer, navigator, colonizer and citizen of the Republic of Genoa. Under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean. Those voyages, and his efforts to establish permanent settlements on the island of Hispaniola, initiated the Spanish colonization of the New World. Explored the Caribbean.

Word of the Day [More]

A young, thoughtless person; a coxcomb. Also earling. Jonson in CATILINE (1611) says: Some more there be, slight airlings, will be won With dogs and horses.

Daily Trivia [More]

Early Colonies
What were Edward Winslow and Susanna White known for?
  1. Parents of first English baby to be born in Virginia

  2. First English couple to be killed by Indians

  3. First couple to be divorced in Charleston

  4. First couple to be married in Plymouth Colony

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Daily Colonial Quote

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
One great object of the Constitution was to restrain majorities from oppressing minorities or encroaching upon their just rights.
— James K. Polk

Latest Activity

Today18 Census People added/edited
1 Census Notes Item added/edited
1 Fortification added/edited
10/20/161 Article Chapter added/edited
99 Census People added/edited
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10/19/1617 Calendar Events added/edited
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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

New England Weather: The Storm of October 20, 1770
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times10/20/16
September, 2016
Antiques: Auction Results10/14/16
New Berlin Antiques, Arts and Crafts Show
Architecture: Towns10/03/16
New England Weather: The Tornadoes of 1821
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times09/23/16
August, 2016
Antiques: Auction Results09/12/16
The White Pine Series: Rhode Island
Architecture: Houses09/02/16
The White Pine Series: New York
Architecture: Houses09/02/16
New England Weather: 1676 Storm and Shipwreck
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times08/18/16
July, 2016
Antiques: Auction Results08/07/16
An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals07/29/16

This Day in Early Modern History -- October 21st

click on      for links to additional information; or go to the Timeline for more events
 •  1496-Emperor Maximiliaans daughter marries Spanish crown prince Johan of Aragon/Philip de Blank marries Johanna "the Waanzinnige" of Aragon 
 •  1520-Ferdinand Magellen arrives at Tierra Del Fuego (Pacific Ocean) 
 •  1553-Volumes of Talmud are burned 
 •  1555-Emperor Charles V makes Erard of Pallandt earl of Culemborg 
  -English parliament refuses to recognize Philip of Spain as king
 •  1568-Second Altenburger sermon: Philippisten/Gnesiolutheranen 
 •  1591-Nijmegen surrenders to Earl Mauritius van Nassau 
 •  1600-Battle of Sekigahara sets Tokugawa clan as Japan's rulers (shoguns)
 •  1601-Memorial service for Daitokuji's Shinju held for Ikkyu Sojun in Kyoto 
 •  1639-Sea battle of Dunes: Lieutenant Admiral Maarten Tromp beats Spanish Armada under De Oquendo 
 •  1641-Catholic uprising in Ulster: 1000s English and Scots killed 
 •  1652-King Louis XIV returns to Paris 
 •  1708-Dutch and English troops occupy Lille (Rijsel) 
 •  1727-Russian and Chinese accord to correct boundaries 
 •  1772-Samuel Taylor Coleridge is born
 •  1779-Henry Laurens named minister to Holland
 •  1797-U.S. Navy frigate Constitution ("Old Ironsides") launched in Boston
 •  1805-Battle of Trafalgar, Admiral Nelson defeats French and Spanish fleet, but is killed in battle
 •  1824-Joseph Aspdin patents Portland cement (Yorkshire England) 
 •  1858-The Can-Can is first performed in Paris 
  -Jacques Offenbach's opera Orphee aux Enfers premieres in Paris

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 10/02/2016
Documents detail government damage of Trail of Tears
September 19, 2016, The Associated Press by Travis Loller and Erik Schelzig
The U.S. Forest Service has ripped up a portion of the Trail of Tears in the Appalachian Mountains, reopening wounds for Native Americans who consider sacred the land where thousands of their ancestors died during their forced migration westward.

...The portion of the damaged trail lies near Fort Armistead, one of the stops where Cherokees were held during their forced migration West in the 1830s. This part of the trail follows the first commercial road across the mountains in that region, the Unicoi Turnpike, which in turn followed the course of an ancient Native American trail.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/02/2016
The Mary Rose artefact scans are a new way of analysing history
September 08, 2016, The Conversation by Nicholas Owen and Sarah Aldridge
As a sports and exercise biomechanist who has traditionally worked with professional athletes, it came as something of a surprise when the Mary Rose Trust contacted me back in 2011. The charity asked me to analyse the skeletons of men who drowned aboard the Mary Rose battleship in 1545. But these were no ordinary men, they were professional archers, and so could also be considered elite, or even ultra athletes, trained to go into battle for the then King of England, Henry VIII.

The research involved scanning the bones to produce very precise, virtual replicas. We analysed these replicas, minimising the need to handle bones directly. Our aim was to determine if, by precisely measuring the bones, we could identify which of the remains were the archers. This work – which was later used to put together a reconstruction of one archer’s face from a skull scan – was the very beginning of research which we now hope will unlock the past for scientists and historians all over the world.

posted on Colonial Sense: 09/30/2016
Slave to the Facts
September 24, 2016, Snopes by David Emery
CLAIM: Early in America's history, white Irish slaves outnumbered black slaves and endured worse treatment at the hands of their masters.

STATUS: Mixture

posted on Colonial Sense: 09/30/2016
Lost in the Great Fire: which London buildings disappeared in the 1666 blaze?
August 30, 2016, The Guardian (UK) by Dr Matthew Green
“Oh the miserable and calamitous spectacle!” wrote John Evelyn in 1666, “mine eyes … now saw above 10,000 houses all in one flame.” The conflagration he witnessed from 2-5 September destroyed much of the medieval metropolis, swallowing 400 streets, 13,200 houses, 87 churches, and 44 livery halls.

Many of the City of London’s most iconic buildings were consumed: St Paul’s Cathedral, the Royal Exchange, Newgate Prison, Christ’s Hospital, even Whittington’s Longhouse, one of the biggest public toilets in Europe, in the Vintry. Evelyn was aghast at the destruction of so much of the medieval centre: “London was, but is no more”.

posted on Colonial Sense: 09/25/2016
What Is Shakespeare’s Most Popular Play?
September 22, 2016, Priceonomics by Dan Kopf
William Shakespeare died 400 years ago, but his work is more popular than ever. Every year, hundreds of professional productions of his plays are put on in the United States alone, and there are over seventy Shakespeare festivals around the world. No other playwright comes close.

One of the most astonishing aspects of Shakespeare’s legacy is that no single play dominates his reputation. While most great artists have a seminal work—Leonardo and the Mona Lisa, Jane Austen and Pride and Prejudice, Beethoven and Symphony No. 5—this is not true for Shakespeare. Ask people about the play the Bard is best known for, and you will get a variety of answers.

posted on Colonial Sense: 09/25/2016 -- Followup
UWF Archaeologists Find More Evidence Of Daily Life At 1559 Luna Settlement
September 19, 2016, WUWF (FL) by Sandra Averhart
It was nearly a year ago that the location of Tristan de Luna’s 1559 Settlement was discovered. Since then, University of West Florida archaeologists have ramped up their research of the Spanish colony that was doomed by a hurricane that struck on this day, September 19, 457 years ago.

During the past year, there’s been a lot of activity at the site, including the 2016 UWF Archaeology Summer Field School.

posted on Colonial Sense: 09/24/2016
Historic recognition: George Washington's family tree is biracial
September 18, 2016, The Associated Press by Staff
...At the time, George Washington Parke Custis was 16 and attending Princeton, one of several schools he bounced in and out of. Before long, he was back home at Mount Vernon, where he would be accused of fathering children with slaves.

Two centuries later, the National Park Service and the nonprofit that runs Washington's Mount Vernon estate are concluding that the rumors were true: In separate exhibits, they show that the first family's family tree has been biracial from its earliest branches.

posted on Colonial Sense: 09/24/2016
Searchers find 2nd ship from doomed British expedition
September 12, 2016, The Associated Press by Rob Gillies
The second of two British explorer ships that vanished in the Arctic nearly 170 years ago during a storied expedition to find the fabled Northwest Passage has been found.

The Arctic Research Foundation said Monday that the HMS Terror has been located by a research ship. Last seen in the 1840s while under the command of Sir John Franklin, HMS Erebus and HMS Terror have long been among the most sought-after prizes in marine archaeology and the subject of songs, poems and novels. The wreck of the Erebus was found in 2014.

posted on Colonial Sense: 09/23/2016
Deep in the Swamps, Archaeologists Are Finding How Fugitive Slaves Kept Their Freedom
September 15, 2016, Smithsonian Magazine by Richard Grant
...We don’t know much about them, but thanks to the archaeologist hacking through the mire ahead of me, we know they were out here, subsisting in hidden communities, and using almost nothing from the outside world until the 19th century. The Dismal Swamp covered great tracts of southeast Virginia and northeast North Carolina, and its vegetation was far too thick for horses or canoes. In the early 1600s, Native Americans fleeing the colonial frontier took refuge here, and they were soon joined by fugitive slaves, and probably some whites escaping indentured servitude or hiding from the law. From about 1680 to the Civil War, it appears that the swamp communities were dominated by Africans and African-Americans.

posted on Colonial Sense: 09/23/2016
Move Afoot to Preserve Revolutionary War Soldier's Grave
September 14, 2016, The Associated Press by Staff
A federal agency is stepping in to prevent a Revolutionary War soldier's grave from sliding into the Cumberland River in eastern Kentucky.

Local news reports say the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers will fix sinking ground at a hilltop cemetery in Loyall where Samuel Howard, his wife and infant son are buried.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 178Online Resources Links: 611Recipes: 480
Census People: 9,260 | Pix: 1,782 (19.24%) | Countries: 8,491 (91.70%) | Dates: 2,640 (28.51%) | Bio: 7,971 (86.08%) | TLs: 40 (0.43%) | Links: 8,231 (88.89%) | Gallery: 51 (0.55%) | Notes: 1,365 (14.74%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,402Broadsheet Archive: 2,605Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,778    Tagged: 6,275 (80.68%)   With Links: 3,799 (48.84%)   Total Links: 4,621
Colonial Quotes: 1,900Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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