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Embroidery: The Language of Art (DE)
Aprons, Robes, and Thrones: Fraternal Regalia Catalogs in the Library & Archives Collection (MA)
Discovery Online Auction - Skinner Auctions (MA)
Engraved Powder Horns from the French and Indian War and the American Revolution: The William H. Guthman Collection (MA)
Natural Selections: Flora and the Arts (MA)
Celebrating the Fiber Arts: The Helen Geier Flynt Textile Gallery (MA)
Into the Woods: Crafting Early American Furniture (MA)
Art & Collectibles Online-Only - Eldred's Auction (MA)
Raven's Many Gifts: Native Art of the Northwest Coast (MA)
Importing Splendor: Luxuries from China (MA)
Alexander Hamilton: An Important Family Archive of Letters and Manuscripts - Sotheby's Auction (NY)
The New York Ceramics and Glass Fair (NY)
Old Master Prints - Christie's Auction (NY)
The Last Argument of Kings: The Art and Science of 18th-century Artillery (NY)
Simple Gifts: Shaker at The Met (NY)
Chinese Export Art - Christie's Auction (NY)
“Queen of Hearts: Dolley Madison in Popular Culture” (VA)
"Bartering for a Continent: How Anglo-Indian Trade Shaped America" Special Exhibition (VA)
Revolution in Taste (VA)
A Carolina Christmas (VA)
American Furniture: From Virginia to Vermont (VA)
Lock, Stock, and Barrel (VA)
Changing Keys: Keyboard Instruments for America, 1700–1830 (VA)
China of the Most Fashionable Sort: Chinese Export Porcelain in Colonial America (VA)
A Rich and Varied Culture: The Material World of the Early South (VA)
Silver from Mine to Masterpiece (VA)
We are One: Mapping America's Road from Revolution to Independence (VA)
Architectural Clues to 18th-Century Williamsburg (VA)
German Toys in America (VA)
Color and Shape: The Art of the American Theorem (VA)
The World Made Small (VA)
From Forge and Furnace: A Celebration of Early American Iron (VA)

Featured Citizen [More]

François Joseph Bosio
a French sculptor who achieved distinction in the first quarter of the nineteenth century with his work for Napoleon and for the restored French monarchy. Apart from the imperial busts and the statue of Louis XVI, other important works included the quadriga of the Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel and the statue of Hercules fighting Acheloos transformed into a snake in the Louvre.

Word of the Day [More]

A policeman, a sheriff's officer; a bailiff. From the mid-16th century (first denoting a metal-tipped staff); contraction of tipped staff (carried by a bailiff).

Daily Trivia [More]

Early Colonies
Who founded the colony of Pennsylvania and what religious group did he belong to?
  1. William Penn, Puritan

  2. William Penn, Quaker

  3. Charles Penn, Puritan

  4. Charles Penn, Quaker

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Daily Colonial Quote

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
Show respect to all people, but grovel to none.
—  Tecumseh

Latest Activity

Today1 Census Person added/edited
01/17/1713 Calendar Events added/edited
13 Census People added/edited
6 Census Links added/edited
23 Timeline and/or Link entries added/edited
01/16/171 Census Person added/edited
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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals01/10/17
December, 2016
Antiques: Auction Results01/05/17
New England Weather: The Meteorite of 1807
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times12/23/16
Travels in the American Colonies: Diary Of A Journey Of Moravians
Regional History: Journals12/20/16
Moravian Christmas History: Christmas at the Bethlehem Boarding School
Society-Lifestyle: Holidays12/18/16
Moravian Christmas History: The Moravian Star
Society-Lifestyle: Holidays12/16/16
Moravian Christmas History: 250 Years of Moravian Christmas Candles
Society-Lifestyle: Holidays12/15/16
Moravian Christmas History: First Christmas Celebration in Herrnhut
Society-Lifestyle: Holidays12/14/16
Moravian Christmas History
Society-Lifestyle: Holidays12/14/16
November, 2016
Antiques: Auction Results12/10/16

This Day in Early Modern History -- January 18th

click on      for links to additional information; or go to the Timeline for more events
 •  1520-Christian II of Denmark and Norway defeats Swedes at Lake Asunde 
 •  1535-Francisco Pizarro founds Lima Peru 
 •  1644-First USO (Unidentified Submerged Object, an aquatic UFO) sighting in America -- two bright lights are seen rising up out of the water by some stunned pilgrims in Boston
 •  1650-French prince Louis, Grand Condé, captured and arrested
 •  1691-English king Willem III travels to The Hague 
 •  1701-Frederik I/Sophie Charlotte van Hanover crowned king/queen of Prussia 
 •  1733-First polar bear exhibited in America in Boston 
 •  1776-Georgia’s royal governor is arrested in Savannah
 •  1777-San José, California, founded
 •  1778-Captain James Cook makes landfall in Waimea Bay on Kaua'i, becoming the first European to set foot in the Sandwich (Hawaiian) Islands
  -English settlers arrive in Australia's Botany Bay to setup penal colony 
 •  1795-French admitted to Amsterdam without resistance 
  -Governor/viceroy Willem V flees Scheveningen to England 
 •  1803-Thomas Jefferson requests funds for expedition by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark
 •  1817-San Martin leads a revolutionary army over Andes 
 •  1840-Electro Magnet and Mechanics Intelligencer, first U.S. electrical journal, appears
 •  1850-British blockade Piraeus, Greece to enforce mercantile claims 

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 01/10/2017
Jesus Precept
January 02, 2017, Snopes by Kim LaCapria
CLAIM: The modern image of Jesus is modeled on Cesare Borgia, a gangster's son.


EXAMPLE: I've read recently that the modern depictions of Jesus with blonde hair and blue eyes may have been patterned after Cesare Borgia, the illegitimate son of Pope Alexander VI. I'm curious if this is true since Borgia was decidedly NOT Christ-like.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/10/2017
Was Martin Luther responsible for the Holocaust?
December 23, 2016, The Straight Dope by Cecil Adams
Dear Cecil:

Did Martin Luther, founder of the Protestant Reformation, instigate the Holocaust with his anti-Jewish writings, including his infamous On the Jews and Their Lies?

— Curious in Colorado

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/06/2017
Why Bowie Knives Are Called That
December 14, 2016, Today I Found Out by Karl Smallwood
James Bowie is a man today known primarily for two things- his participation in the Battle of the Alamo and a large knife design that bears his name. It’s impossible to separate fact from legend concerning an amazing amount of this American folk hero’s life, owing to Bowie leaving exceptionally little in the way of a paper trail documenting the events of his life and the fact that contemporary news articles about him are conflicting in their reports. That said, concerning the topic at hand today, we do definitively know how the style of knife now known as a “Bowie” knife got the name and how it was popularised.

It all started in 1826 when Bowie and his brother Rezin were staying in Alexandria, Louisiana. In the years leading up to this, the brothers operated an illegal foreign slave trade business in which they’d acquire foreign slaves from Jean Laffitte, who in turn had acquired these unfortunate individuals via capturing slave ships traveling through the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. The brother’s profit from this slave smuggling scheme supposedly made them almost $65,000 (about $1.1 million today) in the two years they were involved in it before moving on to land speculation.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/06/2017
Historians reach deal for Revolutionary War battlefield
December 12, 2016, The Associated Press by Staff
Historical activists have reached an agreement to save a portion of a Revolutionary War battlefield in New Jersey from development.

The Civil War Trust tells The Associated Press on Monday that it will pay an academic institute $4 million for nearly 15 acres across from Princeton Battlefield State Park. It still needs to raise most of the money.

The Maxwell's Field site is where historians believe George Washington's charge first struck British lines during the Battle of Princeton in January 1777. The land will be donated to the state to become part of the park.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/03/2017
Mything Teeth
December 21, 2016, Snopes by David Emery
CLAIM: U.S. President George Washington had wooden teeth.


posted on Colonial Sense: 01/03/2017
Time Capsule Buried by Paul Revere and Sam Adams Discovered in Boston
December 12, 2016, by Sarah Pruitt
About a dozen workers spent more than seven hours yesterday excavating a copper box from the cornerstone of the Massachusetts State House in Boston. Historians believe Revolutionary-era patriots Paul Revere and Samuel Adams placed the time capsule in the cornerstone in 1795, the year construction on the building began. It is thought to contain coins dating back to the 1600s, an engraved silver plate and newspapers, among other artifacts.

According to historical accounts, Samuel Adams (who by then had become governor of Massachusetts), Paul Revere and William Scollay placed the original contents of the time capsule in 1795, in a ceremony that started in downtown Boston and ended at the State House, then under construction. Located atop Beacon Hill on land once owned by the state’s first elected governor, John Hancock, the State House was completed in 1798. The Federalist-style building, sometimes called the “New” State House,” replaced the Old State House on Court Street as the seat of the Massachusetts government. The latter building built in 1713, is the oldest surviving public building in Boston and now houses a historical museum.

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/31/2016
The Truth About The Shortest Presidency
December 12, 2016, Today I Found Out by Matt Blitz
It was a wet, cold, wind overcast day on March 4, 1841. This didn’t matter to the thousands that had come out to the nation’s capital to see the president-elect William Henry Harrison be sworn into office as the 9th President of the United States. With people lining the streets all the way to the Capitol, it was described by John Quincy Adams as the largest crowd the city had ever seen and, by a historian later, as the most raucous celebration since George Washington’s 1789 inauguration. Despite his boring style and advanced age, Harrison’s military acumen while battling Indians in order to open western settlements earlier in the century had made “Old Tippecanoe” a populist candidate very much in line with the Andrew Jackson.

With temperatures in the mid-40s, Harrison rode through the streets not in a magnificent carriage that was built specifically for him, but – at his insistence – on a white horse. He wore no overcoat, gloves or hat because he felt it made him look undignified.

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/31/2016
This painting was looted by the Nazis, then seized from my living room
December 04, 2016, The Los Angeles Times (CA) by Craig Gilmore
Two agents from U.S. Homeland Security’s ICE unit arrived at my door in September looking for a Polish lady — not a person, but a painting: Melchior Geldorp’s “Portrait of a Lady.” She had, they informed me, been looted by the Nazis from the National Museum in Warsaw.

Unsure if these gentlemen were indeed who they claimed to be, I didn’t invite them in. But I knew exactly what they were seeking: My partner, David, and I had purchased this very portrait — ostensibly the work of a different artist — a decade earlier from a major auction house in New York.

Upon their leaving, I stood dumbfounded, holding a packet of information about the alleged provenance of our painting. After calling David at work to drop this bombshell, I began a Googling frenzy, eventually bringing me to Poland’s Division for Looted Art website. Seconds later I was gawking at an old black-and-white photo of our beloved lady, a beautiful portrait painted on oak panel in 1628. Tears welled in my eyes with the realization that, without question, if this were true we needed to do our duty and get her safely home.

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/27/2016
The Midnight Ride of Sybil Ludington
December 13, 2016, Now I Know by Dan Lewis
The American poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was born Maine in 1807, which is to say that he wasn’t around to witness the American Revolution. Nevertheless, in 1860 — as the nation became increasingly fractured and ultimately, fell into war once again — Longfellow wrote and published “Paul Revere’s Ride.” The poem recounts the heroism of patriot Paul Revere, who famously (in part because of the poem itself) rode into the night to warn the American troops that British troops had mobilized.

The poem has a lot of historical inaccuracies too numerous to list here. (That said, Wikipedia’s summary is solid.) A notable one, though, is that Revere wasn’t alone that night — he was joined by two others, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott. Only Dawes (not Revere) succeeded on the mission; Prescott fell from his horse and Revere was captured. But regardless, when one thinks of midnight rides to warn the Revolutionary Army of incoming British troops, one typically thinks of that April 18, 1775 ride.

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/27/2016
Captain Cook's detailed 1778 records confirm global warming today in the Arctic
November 26, 2016, The Seattle Times (WA) by Sandi Doughton
Passengers simmered in Jacuzzis and feasted on gourmet cuisine this summer as the 850-foot cruise ship Crystal Serenity moved through the Northwest Passage.

But in the summer of 1778, when Capt. James Cook tried to find a Western entrance to the route, his men toiled on frost-slicked decks and complained about having to supplement dwindling rations with walrus meat.

The British expedition was halted north of the Bering Strait by "ice which was as compact as a wall and seemed to be 10 or 12 feet high at least," according to the captain's journal. Cook's ships followed the ice edge all the way to Siberia in their futile search for an opening, sometimes guided through fog by the braying of the unpalatable creatures the crew called Sea Horses.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 214Online Resources Links: 611Recipes: 480
Census People: 9,646 | Pix: 3,983 (41.29%) | Countries: 8,890 (92.16%) | Dates: 2,994 (31.04%) | Bio: 8,525 (88.38%) | TLs: 352 (3.65%)/1,796 (23.11%) | Links: 8,590 (89.05%) | Gallery: 51 (0.53%) | Notes: 1,377 (14.28%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 4 | Pix: 2 (50.00%) | Countries: 4 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 4 (100.00%) | TLs: 2 (50.00%)/4 | Links: 2 (50.00%) | Gallery: 2 (50.00%) | Notes: 2 (50.00%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,406Broadsheet Archive: 2,649Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,771    Tagged: 6,299 (81.06%)   With Links: 3,891 (50.07%)   Total Links: 4,784
Colonial Quotes: 1,899Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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