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Life in the Western Country: Arkansaw Territory from 1819-1836 (AR)
Stitched Together (AR)
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Maximilian Hell
a Hungarian astronomer and an ordained Jesuit priest from the Kingdom of Hungary. Hell became the director of the Vienna Observatory in 1756. He published the astronomical tables Ephemerides astronomicae ad meridianum Vindobonemsem ("Ephemerides for the Meridian of Vienna").

Word of the Day [More]

A shoe. Also suppedital, suppeditary; Latin sub, under + pedem, foot. A HUNDRED MERRY TALES (1526) shows that pedantic humor did not begin in the 19th century; instead of asking the cobbler to patch one's shoes, one asked: Set me ii tryangyls and ii semy cercles uppon my subpedytals. Lodge repeated this in 1596.

Daily Trivia [More]

Early Republic
Why did the British burn Washington DC during the War of 1812?
  1. To dry their boots

  2. In retaliation for attacking Canada

  3. To stop U.S. privateer attacks

  4. To warn the U.S

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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
He who tampers with the currency robs labor of its bread.
— Daniel Webster

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Today6 Census People added/edited
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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals03/21/20
February, 2020
Antiques: Auction Results03/11/20
Travels in the American Colonies: Journal Of An Officer Who Travelled In America
Regional History: Journals03/03/20
January, 2020
Antiques: Auction Results02/08/20
December, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results01/07/20
Christmas Night, 1776: Notes
Society-Lifestyle: Holidays12/23/19
Christmas Night, 1776
Society-Lifestyle: Holidays12/23/19
November, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results12/06/19
October, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results11/08/19
The White Pine Series: Connecticut
Architecture: Houses10/20/19

This Day in Early Modern History -- April 2nd

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events


 •  1513-Florida discovered, claimed for Spain by Juan Ponce de Leon
 •  1550-Jews are expelled from Genoa, Italy [in June? -ed] 
 •  1559-England and France sign first Treaty of Le Cateau-Cambresis
 •  1590-Dutch States-General appoints Maurice of Orange, Prince of Orange, as Stadtholder of Utrecht 
 •  1595-Cornelis de Houtman's ships depart Amsterdam to Asia through Cape of Good Hope
 •  1645-Robert Devereux resigns as parliament supreme commander
 •  1777-Ebenezer Learned is promoted to brigadier general
 •  1792-Congress passes the Coinage Act, creating the US Mint in Philadelphia -- authorizes $10 Eagle, $5 half-Eagle and 2.50 quarter-Eagle gold coins and silver dollar, dollar, quarter, dime and half-dime
 •  1800-First performance of Ludwig van Beethoven's first Symphony in C
 •  1801-British Admiral Sir Hyde Parker and his fleet fight and strategically defeat a Danish-Norwegian fleet anchored just off Copenhagen
 •  1805-Hans Christian Andersen is born in Denmark
 •  1819-First successful agricultural journal (American Farmer) begins
 •  1827-Joseph Dixon begins manufacturing lead pencils 
 •  1834-Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, sculptor of the Statue of Liberty, is born
 •  1845-Hippolyte Fizeau and Jean Bernard Leon Foucault take first photo of Sun


 •  1565-  Cornelis de Houtman -- Explorers
 •  1647-  Maria Sibylla Merian -- ArtistsScientists
 •  1725-  Giacomo Casanova -- Writers
 •  1740-  Armand-Gaston Camus -- GovernanceWriters
 •  1743-  Thomas Jefferson -- ArchitectsWritersGovernance
 •  1749-  David Ramsay -- GovernanceWritersPhysicians
 •  1771-  Heinrich Christoph Kolbe -- Artists
 •  1805-  Hans Christian Andersen -- Writers
 •  1827-  William Holman Hunt -- Artists


 •  1502-   Arthur -- Governance
 •  1657-   Ferdinand III -- Governance
 •  1704-  John Hoar -- Pirates
 •  1707-  Gerard Edelinck -- Artists
 •  1726-   Peter VI -- Clergy
 •  1736-  Etienne Allegrain -- Artists
 •  1739-  Joseph van Bredael -- Artists
 •  1756-  James Alexander -- GovernanceLegal
 •  1762-  Johann Georg Bergmuller -- ArtistsWriters
 •  1787-  Thomas Gage -- MilitaryGovernance
 •  1791-  Honore Gabriel Riqueti -- Writers
 •  1829-  Manasseh Dawes -- Writers
 •  1835-  Istvan Baller -- ClergyWriters
 •  1842-  Daniel Sargent Jr. -- GovernanceCommerce
 •  1851-   Rama III -- Governance
 •  1857-  Jeanette Granberg -- Writers

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 03/31/2020
In Blackbeard Pirate Ship Case, Supreme Court Scuttles Copyright Claims
March 24, 2020, NPR by Nina Totenberg
Ruling unanimously in favor of states' rights on Monday, the U.S. Supreme Court said that a videographer who spent two decades documenting the salvaging of Blackbeard's ship cannot sue the state of North Carolina in federal court for using his videos without his permission.

Although the decision had more to do with mundane copyright law than the law of the high seas, it was a victory for states claiming immunity from copyright infringement lawsuits.

The case before the court began with the 1996 discovery of the sunken remains of a French slave ship captured by the infamous pirate Blackbeard in 1717, and renamed by him The Queen Anne's Revenge. The vessel became the pirate's flagship. With 40 cannons and 300 men, it sailed around the Caribbean and up the U.S. coast. But in 1718, just a year later, it ran aground just a mile off Beaufort, N.C., and sank.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/29/2020
Trump Copies New Orleans’ Tragic 1853 Yellow Fever Playbook
March 28, 2020, The Daily Beast by Jason Berry
After two weeks of skyrocketing coronavirus cases, Orleans Parish—the Louisiana county that includes the city of New Orleans—on Friday recorded the highest per capita death rate in the U.S. from COVID-19, according to The Times-Picayune/ The New Orleans Advocate.

...New Orleans is no stranger to epidemics. Yellow fever ravaged the city throughout the 19th century. Some years were particularly bad, and 1853 was the worst, when yellow fever killed 8,647 people out of a population of 116,000. Although public knowledge of the virus’s cause, and cure, lay far in the future, a big part of the mortality rate could be blamed on the city’s leaders, who for decade after decade, epidemic after epidemic, persistently ignored the known benefits of street sanitation, proper drainage, and clean water. The mosquitos that carried the virus never had to look far to find a home.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/27/2020
A Shipwreck Off Florida’s Coast Pits Archaeologists Against Treasure Hunters
January 22, 2020, Smithsonian Magazine by Jill Neimark
Most visitors come to Cape Canaveral, on the northeast coast of Florida, for the tourist attractions. It’s home to the second-busiest cruise ship port in the world and is a gateway to the cosmos. Nearly 1.5 million visitors flock here every year to watch rockets, spacecraft, and satellites blast off into the solar system from Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex, reminding us of the restless reach of our species. Nearly 64 kilometers of undeveloped beach and 648 square kilometers of protected refuge fan out from the cape’s sandy shores. And then there’s the draw of relics like Turtle Mound, a vast hill containing 27,000 cubic meters of oyster shells left by Indigenous tribes several thousand years ago.

Yet some of Cape Canaveral’s most storied attractions lie unseen, wedged under the sea’s surface in mud and sand, for this part of the world has a reputation as a deadly ship trap. Over the centuries, dozens of stately Old World galleons smashed, splintered, and sank on this irregular stretch of windy Florida coast. They were vessels built for war and commerce, traversing the globe carrying everything from coins to ornate cannons, boxes of silver and gold ingots, chests of emeralds and porcelain, and pearls from the Caribbean—the stuff of legends.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/25/2020
500 Years After Leonardo Da Vinci's Death, France Celebrates His Life And Work
November 29, 2019, NPR by Eleanor Beardsley
The largest-ever collection of works by Leonardo da Vinci is drawing record crowds at the Louvre in Paris this year, the 500th anniversary of the artist's death. The Louvre has brought together more than 100 paintings, drawings and manuscripts for the exhibition, which opened in October and will end in February.

Leonardo was a perfectionist, which is why, experts say, he produced only about 15 paintings. The exhibition includes 11 of them, the most ever brought together in one place. The Louvre keeps five of his paintings in its permanent collection.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/23/2020
Rare portrait of teenage Mozart sells for $4.4 million at auction
November 27, 2019, CNN by Matthew Robinson
A rare portrait of a teenage Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart smashed auction estimates to sell for over 4 million euros ($4.4 million) in Paris on Wednesday.

The portrait, dating from 1770 and attributed to the Italian painter Giambettino Cignaroli, depicts a 13-year-old Mozart playing a harpsichord, wearing a white wig and red dress coat.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/21/2020
First Thanksgiving wasn’t like what you were taught in school – Here’s the true story
November 24, 2019, Fox News by Newt Gingrich
As we gather with family and friends later this week for the Thanksgiving holiday, I wanted to devote an episode of my "Newt’s World" podcast to the real history behind this uniquely American tradition.

When most people imagine the first Thanksgiving, they think of the Mayflower Pilgrims, donning tall black hats with big buckles on their shoes, gathering outdoors with feather-wearing Native Americans at a long table near Plymouth Rock. They are celebrating with a grand feast of turkey, bread,and fall vegetables.

This is a lovely image – and it carries nostalgia for the holiday – but it’s only partly true.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/19/2020
Preserving history: Archaeologist presents findings on Donner Pass at national conference
February 07, 2020, The Sierra Sun (CA) by Justin Scacco
Since settlers first began crossing the Sierra more than 150 years ago, the route through Donner Pass and the settlements along the way have undergone many changes.

From the early days of the ice and timber industry to the construction of the railroad, much of what the area looks like today has been forged by different modes of transportation and their route through the Sierra.

Rathbone recently presented findings, which outline a partial history of the route along Donner Pass, at The Society for Historical Archaeology’s 2020 Conference on Historical and Underwater Archaeology. The presentation, titled “‘Over the Hill’ A stratified approach to the archaeology of the Donner Pass Route through the Sierra Nevada” detailed the archaeological and architectural resources that have been identified along Donner Pass.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/17/2020
What Life on the Oregon Trail Was Really Like
December 31, 2019, Ranker by Jacoby Bancroft
Life on the Oregon Trail was both incredibly boring and extremely dangerous. Pioneers had to exercise extreme caution and a lot of bravado to cross the 2,170 mile stretch of land starting in Missouri and ending in Oregon. Accidents and disease were just waiting around the corner, but a majority of the trip was just spent trudging along next to the wagon. To say daily life on the Oregon Trail was difficult is a vast understatement. It was hard work and required uprooting your entire family and deciding to venture West for new opportunities, but that didn't stop thousands of people from emigrating and making the long journey.

So what was daily life like on the Oregon Trail? It was dirty and cramped, but there also was a prevailing sense of enthusiasm and an adventurous spirit. These pioneers were making a trek into unknown territory and even though they knew the risks, they still decided to face the danger head on.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/15/2020
Hundreds March In Reenactment Of A Historic, But Long Forgotten Slave Rebellion
November 09, 2019, NPR by Leila Fadel
More than 200 years ago, in January of 1811, a group of enslaved people on a plantation on the outskirts of New Orleans rose up, armed themselves and began a long march toward the city. Hundreds would join them along the way. Their goal: to free every slave they found and then seize the Crescent City.

The rebellion came to be known as the German Coast Uprising and it's believed to be the largest slave rebellion in United States history. This weekend, hundreds of African Americans gathered in the streets of Louisiana to recreate the event, long an overlooked chapter in the story of America.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/13/2020
Torched town from Texas Revolution reemerges in archaeological dig west of Houston
November 13, 2019, The Houston Chronicle (TX) by Marcy de Luna
The Houston Archeological Society is embarking on a new investigation at the site of a town that was set on fire and destroyed during the Texas Revolution, hoping to build more pieces of what life was like during the period as well as learn answers to some unanswered questions.

San Felipe, also known as San Felipe de Austin, located approximately 50 miles west of Houston, is not only rich in Texas history but also in historical artifacts. Past digs have produced several thousand artifacts, multiple colonial-era trash pits, a brick basement and a barrel cistern.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 626Online Resources Links: 616Recipes: 481
Census People: 11,446 | Pix: 5,266 (46.01%) | Countries: 10,653 (93.07%) | Dates: 3,851 (33.64%) | Bio: 10,232 (89.39%) | TLs: 1,410 (12.32%)/3,739 (48.40%) | Links: 17,892 (156.32%) | Gallery: 106 (0.93%) | Notes: 1,819 (15.89%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 142 | Pix: 2 (1.41%) | Countries: 142 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 88 (61.97%) | TLs: 2 (1.41%)/9 | Links: 118 (83.10%) | Gallery: 118 (83.10%) | Notes: 118 (83.10%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,408Broadsheet Archive: 3,124Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,725    Tagged: 6,381 (82.60%)   With Links: 4,432 (57.37%)   Total Links: 5,581
Colonial Quotes: 3,162Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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