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Why We Collect: Recent Acquisitions at Historic Deerfield, 2010-2017 (MA)
The Marine Sale - Eldred's Auction (MA)
Estate Jewelry & Silver Online - Skinner Auctions (MA)
Summer Lecture Series: “Tastes Like Asparagus:” Summer Eating in Early New England (MA)
Country Americana - Skinner Auctions (MA)
Little Farmers Summer Enrichment Program (MA)
Engraved Powder Horns from the French and Indian War and the American Revolution: The William H. Guthman Collection (MA)
Celebrating the Fiber Arts: The Helen Geier Flynt Textile Gallery (MA)
Into the Woods: Crafting Early American Furniture (MA)
Raven's Many Gifts: Native Art of the Northwest Coast (MA)
Importing Splendor: Luxuries from China (MA)
Get the Buzz on Bees! (MA)
Little Pirates! (MD)
The Last Argument of Kings: The Art and Science of 18th-century Artillery (NY)
History Camp II (PA)
Unraveling the Threads of History (PA)
America's Folk Art (VA)
We the People: American Folk Portraits (VA)
Revolution in Taste (VA)
American Furniture: From Virginia to Vermont (VA)
Lock, Stock, and Barrel (VA)
Changing Keys: Keyboard Instruments for America, 1700–1830 (VA)
China of the Most Fashionable Sort: Chinese Export Porcelain in Colonial America (VA)
A Rich and Varied Culture: The Material World of the Early South (VA)
Silver from Mine to Masterpiece (VA)
Architectural Clues to 18th-Century Williamsburg (VA)
German Toys in America (VA)
Color and Shape: The Art of the American Theorem (VA)
The World Made Small (VA)
From Forge and Furnace: A Celebration of Early American Iron (VA)
Wild Spaces, Open Seasons: Hunting and Fishing in American Art (VT)

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Alfonso II
King of Naples from 25 January 1494 to 22 February 1495 with the title King of Naples and Jerusalem. As Duke of Calabria he was a patron of Renaissance poets and builders during his tenure as the heir to the throne of Naples. In 1463, when Alfonso was fifteen, his great-uncle Giovanni Antonio del Balzo Orsini, Prince of Taranto, died, and he obtained some lands from the inheritance. Alfonso had shown himself a skilled and determined soldier, helping his father in the suppression of the Conjure of the Barons (1485) and in the defence of the Kingdom's territory against the Papal claims.

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Metal Worker

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Daily Colonial Quote

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
Inconsistencies of opinion, arising from changes of circumstances, are often justifiable.
— Daniel Webster

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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals07/16/17
June, 2017
Antiques: Auction Results07/07/17
New England Weather: 1782 Hurricane
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times06/28/17
Travels in the American Colonies: Colonel Chicken's Journal To The Cherokees
Regional History: Journals06/19/17
May, 2017
Antiques: Auction Results06/05/17
New England Weather: Summer of 1771
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times05/23/17
John Woolman's Journal: Chapter 12
Regional History: Journals05/13/17
April, 2017
Antiques: Auction Results05/06/17
New England Weather: 1744 Earthquake
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times04/21/17
Architectural Styles: Colonial
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times04/09/17

This Day in Early Modern History -- July 20th

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events
 •  1495-French viceroy of Naples Montpensier surrenders 
 •  1498-Emperor Maximilian names Albert III of Saxony as governor of Netherlands 
 •  1553-Prime Minister John Dudley captured in Cambridge 
 •  1608-Reynier van Oldenbarnevelt marries Anna Weytzen in Delft 
 •  1609-Emperor Rudolf II grants Silezische protestants freedom of religion 
 •  1619-Gerardus Vossius resigns as Dutch regent States college leader 
 •  1627-English fleet under George Villiers reaches La Rochelle 
 •  1654-Anglo-Portuguese treaty, Portugal comes under English control 
 •  1749-Earl of Chesterfield says "Idleness is only refuge of weak minds" 
 •  1773-Scottish settlers arrive at Pictou, Nova Scotia (Canada) 
 •  1780-Mad Anthony Wayne loses to Loyalists in New Jersey
 •  1801-Elisha Brown, Jr. presses a 1,235 pound cheese ball at his farm 
 •  1808-Napoleon Bonaparte decrees all French Jews adopt family names 
 •  1810-Colombia declares independence from Spain
 •  1836-Charles Darwin climbs Green Hill on Ascension Island 
 •  1847-German astronomer Theodor Brorsen discovers Comet Brorsen-Metcalf
 •  1849-Start of first Lancashire-Yorkshire clash at Hyde Park, Sheffield 
 •  1855-First train from Rotterdam to Utrecht in Netherlands 
 •  1858-Fee first charged to see a baseball game (50 cents ) (New York beats Brooklyn 22-18) 
  -Gathering of Plombieres - Napoleon III meets Cavour

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 07/20/2017
The brig Cyprus: How an English surfer solved the mystery of an Australian pirate ship in Japan
June 25, 2017, ABC News (Australia) by Rachel Mealey
The brig Cyprus was an Australian supply ship that was hijacked in 1829 in Tasmania by a group of convicts and skippered by a man named William Swallow.

When he was eventually recaptured in China, Swallow testified that he had sailed to Japan, but no-one believed his story.

Now, almost two centuries later, English history buff Nick Russell has put together the missing pieces.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/19/2017
Portrait of 18th-Century Muslim American Proves the US Has Always Been Home to Many Faiths
July 03, 2017, Hyperallergic by Hrag Vartanian
A portrait on loan to the Smithsonian’s National Portrait Gallery (NPG) will probably challenge many people’s understanding of early American history, particularly in regards to the presence of Muslims during that formative period. The small 1822 canvas, painted by James Alexander Simpson, is one of two known portraits of Yarrow Mamout, and his story is pretty amazing.

Born in 1736, Mamout hailed from one of the nomadic West African groups that spoke Fulani. Like many Africans during that time, he was forced into servitude and delivered to the shores of the Americas from his native Guinea through a network of slave traders.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/18/2017
'What To The Slave Is The Fourth Of July?' Frederick Douglass, Revisited
July 05, 2017, NPR by Abigail Censky
"What to the slave is the Fourth of July?" posed Frederick Douglass to a gathering of 500-600 abolitionists in Rochester, N.Y., in 1852. Admission to the speech was 12 cents, and the crowd at the Rochester Ladies' Anti-Slavery Society was enthusiastic, voting unanimously to endorse the speech at its end. This speech would be remembered as one of the most poignant addresses by Douglass, a former slave turned statesman. Douglass gave it on July 5, refusing to celebrate the Fourth of July until all slaves were emancipated.

On July 3, 165 years later, the same question was posed on a stage in the basement of the National Archives, in Washington, D.C. This time by an actor, dressed like Frederick Douglass and wearing a wig, speaking to a 100 or so people, plus the livestream audience, in the William G. McGowan Theater. The event was put on with the help of the Frederick Douglass National Historic Site, which hosts an annual reading of the speech, entitled The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/17/2017
Chicago Library Seeks Help Transcribing Magical Manuscripts
July 03, 2017, Smithsonian Magazine by Brigit Katz
The Newberry Library in Chicago is home to some 80,000 documents pertaining to religion during the early modern period, a time of sweeping social, political, and cultural change spanning the late Middle Ages to the start of the Industrial Revolution. Among the library’s collection of rare Bibles and Christian devotional texts are a series of manuscripts that would have scandalized the religious establishment. These texts deal with magic—from casting charms to conjuring spirits—and the Newberry is asking for help translating and transcribing them.

As Tatiana Walk-Morris reports for Atlas Obscura, digital scans of three magical manuscripts are accessible through Transcribing Faith, an online portal that functions much like Wikipedia. Anyone with a working knowledge of Latin or English is invited to peruse the documents and contribute translations, transcriptions, and corrections to other users’ work.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/16/2017
Founding Fathers' descendants unite 241 years later to re-create iconic painting
July 04, 2017, CBS News by Elaine Quijano
...John Trumbull's iconic painting, "The Declaration of Independence," shows Thomas Jefferson presenting the first draft to Congress. The document was signed by 56 men in 1776.

Two-hundred-and-forty-one-years later, the portrait was brought to life by descendants of the signers, an evolution of America's colorful palette, gathered together by the company Ancestry.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/15/2017
Evidence of pre-Colonial Spanish soldiers reshapes WNC history
June 30, 2017, Mountain Xpress by Doug Gibson
After nearly two decades of digging in Burke County, a team of archaeologists discovered an unusually wide vein of discolored soil at the site of what they believed to be the Native American village of Joara. The size of the vein — nearly 4 meters across — clearly indicated a very large structure.

...This find, made in the summer of 2013, served to solidify a theory the archaeologists had been testing for years. Based on the evidence, the researchers published their claim that they had found not only Joara, but also the lost Spanish fort of San Juan.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/14/2017
Colombia works to salvage Spanish treasure ship loaded with estimated $1 billion in gold, jewels
July 06, 2017, Fox News by Staff
Colombia is making progress in salvaging the San Jose, a centuries-old Spanish ship believed to be carrying $1 billion worth of gold, silver and gems, the country's president said Wednesday.

The ship, which sank in 1708, was found in 2015 by the Colombian navy and the country’s archaeology institute near the port of Cartegena.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/13/2017
Historians Uncover Slave Quarters of Sally Hemings at Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello
July 03, 2017, NBC News by Michael Cottman
Archaeologists have excavated an area of Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello mansion that has astounded even the most experienced social scientists: The living quarters of Sally Hemings, the enslaved woman who, historians believe, gave birth to six of Jefferson’s children.

“This discovery gives us a sense of how enslaved people were living. Some of Sally’s children may have been born in this room,” said Gardiner Hallock, director of restoration for Jefferson’s mountaintop plantation, standing on a red-dirt floor inside a dusty rubble-stone room built in 1809. “It’s important because it shows Sally as a human being — a mother, daughter, and sister — and brings out the relationships in her life.”

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/12/2017
Bryn Mawr man finds 300-year-old log house beneath stucco facade
July 03, 2017, The Philadelphia Enquirer (PA) by Maria Panaritis
For years, Jude Plum had kept tabs on the tiny old house next to his childhood home near Bryn Mawr Hospital. He remembered the hermit with the long, gray beard who died in the backyard. And how Plum had once read a line in a local history book that suggested the dilapidated little parcel on Haverford Road had once been special.

But when the Main Line cosmetologist bought the squat eyesore out of pre-foreclosure four years ago, and removed five layers of exterior, he was shocked by what he found: a log house, formed by two stories’ worth of oak logs notched together at the corners — all rotting, but otherwise untouched since it was built in 1704.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/11/2017
Why Pocahontas May Not Have Rescued John Smith After All
June 21, 2017, Smithsonian Magazine by Staff
[VIDEO] According to legend, Pocahontas threw herself between the leader of the Jamestown colony, John Smith, and a warrior's club to save him. But experts have some doubts about whether she was even present. (2:43)

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 374Online Resources Links: 612Recipes: 481
Census People: 10,351 | Pix: 4,503 (43.50%) | Countries: 9,590 (92.65%) | Dates: 3,039 (29.36%) | Bio: 9,221 (89.08%) | TLs: 1,025 (9.90%)/3,225 (41.74%) | Links: 9,319 (90.03%) | Gallery: 51 (0.49%) | Notes: 1,533 (14.81%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 59 | Pix: 2 (3.39%) | Countries: 59 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 59 (100.00%) | TLs: 2 (3.39%)/8 | Links: 61 (103.39%) | Gallery: 61 (103.39%) | Notes: 61 (103.39%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,406Broadsheet Archive: 2,730Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,727    Tagged: 6,325 (81.86%)   With Links: 4,200 (54.35%)   Total Links: 5,214
Colonial Quotes: 1,883Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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