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Life in the Western Country: Arkansaw Territory from 1819-1836 (AR)
Stitched Together (AR)
Discovery - Interiors Online (MA)
Inspired Design: Asian Decorative Arts and Their Adaptations (MA)
Jewelry & Silver - Online (MA)
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Cost of Revolution: The Life and Death of an Irish Soldier (PA)
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Rienk Jelgerhuis
a Dutch painter, engraver and draftsman. Jelgerhuis was born in Leeuwarden. He mainly made his fame as a travelling portrait-painter and has no fewer than 7,763 portraits standing to his credit. He taught his son, Johannes Rienksz Jelgerhuis, who became an accomplished painter, illustrator and actor. He also left a 1794 manuscript describing the manufacture and use of pastels. Rienk Jelgerhuis died in Amsterdam.

Word of the Day [More]

Barren, unproductive; by transference (scantily produced) rare, scarce, uncommon; hence rare, unusual, extraordinary. A common word (gesne, gayson, gesen, etc.), 10th into the 17th century. Cp. peason. Also used as a noun (16th century) : a rarity. Udall in his paraphrase of Erasmus (1548) spoke of precious stones that are gayson to be found. That charming song of 1584, Fain would I have a pretie thing To give unto my ladie, has a stanza: Some goe here and some go there, wheare gazes be not geason, And I goe gaping everywhere But still come out of season. A legended shield was described, in a verse to Bossewell's ARMORIE (1572) : The siege of Thebes, the fall of Troy, in beaten massie golde, dan Vulcan hath set out at large, full geazon to beholde.

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Later Colonies
In 1716 Governor William Spotswood of Virginia led an expedition of fifty men into western Virginia. What did this expedition NOT accomplish?
  1. Fought and defeated several Indian tribes

  2. Claimed more land for Virginia

  3. Exploration of the western Allegheny mountains

  4. Located the source of the James River

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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
It is the greatest absurdity to suppose it in the power of one, or any number of men, at the entering into society, to renounce their essential natural rights, or the means of preserving those rights; when the grand end of civil government, from the very nature of its institution, is for the support, protection, and defence of those very rights; the principal of which, as is before observed, are Life, Liberty, and Property. If men, through fear, fraud, or mistake, should in terms renounce or give up any essential natural right, the eternal law of reason and the grand end of society would absolutely vacate such renunciation. The right to freedom being the gift of God Almighty, it is not in the power of man to alienate this gift and voluntarily become a slave.
— Samuel Adams
The Rights of the Colonists, November 20, 1772

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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

Travels in the American Colonies: Journal Of An Officer Who Travelled In America
Regional History: Journals01/20/20
December, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results01/07/20
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Society-Lifestyle: Holidays12/23/19
Christmas Night, 1776
Society-Lifestyle: Holidays12/23/19
An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals12/21/19
November, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results12/06/19
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Antiques: Auction Results11/08/19
The White Pine Series: Connecticut
Architecture: Houses10/20/19
The White Pine Series: New York
Architecture: Houses10/20/19
September, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results10/08/19

This Day in Early Modern History -- January 21st

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events


 •  1542-Parliament passes bill of attainder against Queen Catherine Howard 
 •  1604-Tsar Ivan the Terrible defeats False Dmitry I, who claims to be the true tsar 
 •  1664-Count Miklos Zrinyi sets out to battle Turkish invasion army 
 •  1677-First medical publication in America (pamphlet on smallpox), Boston 
 •  1732-Russia and Persia sign Treaty of Rasht
 •  1738-Ethan Allen is born in Connecticut
 •  1789-First American novel, William Hill Brown's The Power of Sympathy, is published
 •  1793-Prussia and Russia sign partition treaty (Poland divided) 
  -King Louis XVI is executed in Paris by guillotine
 •  1799-Edward Jenner's smallpox vaccination is introduced 
 •  1813-First pineapples planted in Hawaii
 •  1818-John Keats writes his poem On a Lock of Milton's Hair 
 •  1821-Paramaribo, Suriname catches fire, 4 die
 •  1824-Ashantees defeat British at Accra, West Africa 
 •  1830-Portsmouth (Ohio) blacks forcibly deported 
 •  1846-First edition of Charles Dickens' Daily News
 •  1855-Gun designer John Browning is born in Utah


 •  1638-  Beata Rosenhane -- Writers
 •  1725-  Jiri Ignac Linek -- Composers
 •  1743-  John Fitch -- InventorsScientistsCommerce
 •  1759-  Francois Baillairge -- ArtistsSculptorsArchitects
 •  1768-  Philip J. Schuyler -- MilitaryGovernance
 •  1779-  Ludwig Geyer -- ArtistsWritersPerformers
 •  1788-  William Henry Smyth -- AstronomersNavalWriters
 •  1793-  Gertrude van den Bergh -- Composers
 •  1797-  Joseph Mery -- Writers
 •  1804-  Moritz von Schwind -- Artists
  -  Eliza R. Snow -- Writers
 •  1813-  John C. Fremont -- ExplorersMilitaryGovernance
 •  1815-  Horace Wells -- WritersPhysiciansInventors
 •  1822-  William Senhouse Kirkes -- Writers


 •  1527-  Juan de Grijalva -- Explorers
 •  1609-  Joseph Justus Scaliger -- ClergyWriters
 •  1642-  Matthew Kellison -- Writers
 •  1670-  Honorat de Bueil -- Writers
 •  1673-  Carl Ferdinand Fabritius -- Artists
 •  1679-  Henri Louis Habert de Montmor -- Writers
 •  1683-  Anthony Ashley Cooper -- Governance
 •  1706-  Adrien Baillet -- ClergyWriters
 •  1733-  Bernard Mandeville -- Writers
 •  1746-  Nicolaas Verkolje -- Artists
 •  1774-   Mustafa III -- ClergyGovernance
 •  1788-  Daniel Hendrickson -- Artists
 •  1793-   Louis XVI -- Governance
 •  1795-  Michel Corrette -- ComposersWriters
  -  Samuel Wallis -- ExplorersNaval
 •  1814-  Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre -- MilitaryWritersScientists
 •  1815-  Matthias Claudius -- Writers
 •  1831-  Achim von Arnim -- Writers

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 01/21/2020
Perry Stone: Mitt Romney Might Support Impeachment to Fulfill ‘The White Horse Prophecy’
January 17, 2020, Right Wing Watch by Kyle Mantyla
Right-wing pastor Perry Stone posted a message on his Facebook page this morning suggesting that Republican Sen. Mitt Romney may vote to remove President Donald Trump from office because Romney believes doing so might result in him becoming president in accordance with Mormon prophecy.

In 1843, Joseph Smith, founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, supposedly delivered a message known as “The White Horse Prophecy” that declared that one day, when the U.S. Constitution was hanging by a thread, the Mormon people would rise up and save the nation.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/19/2020
Native Americans Have Little to Celebrate on Thanksgiving
November 28, 2019, The Daily Beast by David J. Silverman
While I have been researching and writing a Wampanoag-centered history of Plymouth Colony and the Thanksgiving holiday, my conversations with Native people have opened my eyes to some profound lessons about their past and present. These teachings have particular resonance this Thanksgiving season as the United States continues to struggle with white nationalism, the importance of distinguishing between truth and lies in democratic debate, and the place of indigenous people in a pluralistic country with a colonial foundation.

Native people widely agree that the U.S. has yet to reckon with its history of white violence against their people. Instead, the country uses the myth of the First Thanksgiving to make it appear that Indians consented bloodlessly to colonialism.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/17/2020
Strange Stories You Might Not Know About Colonial Americans
July 29, 2016, Ranker by Steve Silkin
It's not too much of a stretch to assume we live in the strangest era ever. After all, we have Donald Trump and his antics captivating us every day. But there are plenty of strange stories about early Americans too. From sad tales of intolerance to clownish buffoons, this is not your typical history lesson about colonial America.

This list examines what it was like to live in colonial America, from the weird political landscape to the difficulties of not fitting in the (very stringent) mold. You may not have heard these weird stories about colonial life and American history, but you won't soon forget them after reading this list.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/15/2020
Did Thomas Jefferson Say, ‘Do You Want To Know Who You Are? Don’t Ask. Act! Action Will Delineate And Define You’?
December 05, 2019, Check Your Fact by Elias Atienza
An image shared on Facebook claims founding father Thomas Jefferson once said, “Do you want to know who you are? Don’t ask. Act! Action will delineate and define you.”

President Donald Trump also tweeted the quote in 2013.

Verdict: False

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/13/2020
AI puts final notes on Beethoven's Tenth Symphony
December 13, 2019, Tech Xplore by Mathieu Foulkes
A few notes scribbled in his notebook are all that German composer Ludwig van Beethoven left of his Tenth Symphony before his death in 1827.

Now, a team of musicologists and programmers is racing to complete a version of the piece using artificial intelligence, ahead of the 250th anniversary of his birth next year.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/11/2020
Experts harness tech to reconstruct face of 'witch' who died over 300 years ago
November 01, 2017, Fox News by James Rogers
Experts in Scotland have used 3D technology to reconstruct the face of an 18th-century ‘witch.’

Lilias Adie, from the village of Torryburn in Eastern Scotland, died in prison in 1704 after she had “confessed” to being a witch and having sex with the devil, according to the University of Dundee, which worked on the reconstruction project.

Adie had been sentenced to be burned to death, but died before the sentence could be carried out. One theory suggests that she committed suicide. Records suggest that she may have been in her 60s at the time of her death.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/09/2020
Utterly Fascinating Theories Behind The Vanishing Roanoke Colony
October 17, 2016, Ranker by Lyra Radford
The disappearance of the Roanoke colony remains one of the oldest unsolved mysteries in the United States. It all began back in 1587, when Sir Walter Raleigh financed the attempts of John White to establish a British colony on Roanoke Island, just off the coast of North Carolina. They landed that July and established themselves rather quickly. Everything seemed to be going well for the thriving colony of 115 people. In fact, John White’s daughter, Eleanor Dare, gave birth to a daughter while in Roanoke. Virginia Dare became the first English child born in the Americas.

White sailed back to England to gather fresh supplies, but the Anglo-Spanish War delayed his return. After being away from his family for three years, White finally returned to Roanoke in 1590, but he arrived to find the entire colony had simply vanished. They left nothing behind except the word “Croatoan” carved into a post and “Cro” etched into a tree. But what does "Croatoan" mean and where could the colony have gone? Check out the Roanoke theories below.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/07/2020
Apple TV+’s ‘Horny Emily Dickinson’ Show Is Almost Bonkers Enough to Be Fun
October 31, 2019, The Daily Beast by Kevin Fallon
here are times during the first few episodes of Dickinson when you suspect you're watching something extremely clever, a wielding of anachronistic storytelling gimmicks so smart that the series may even be genius—or, at the very least, thrilling and new. In the three episodes of the new Apple TV+ series that were released to critics, out Friday along with the rest of the new streaming service’s offerings, those moments are disappointingly fleeting.

Lovingly (I think) crowned the “horny Emily Dickinson” series on social media following the release of its trailer, the new comedy (I think) stars the brilliant Hailee Steinfeld (True Grit, Edge of Seventeen, the shitty Pitch Perfect sequels) as the brilliant late poet, whose work only gained recognition after her death in 1886. (The wide-ranging tone is its own “wild night” here.)

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/05/2020
Mozart Versus the Pope
November 22, 2011, Now I Know by Dan Lewis
In the 1630s, Italian composer Gregorio Allegri wrote a composition called the Miserere. Made for two choirs, one of five singers and one of four, the Miserere ran roughly 10 to 15 minutes. It was rarely performed — it was reserved for use during two Holy Week (the week before Easter) observances in the Sistine Chapel. To maintain the exclusivity of the Miserere, the Pope decreed that it may not be written down nor performed elsewhere, upon penalty of excommunication from the Church. That ban lasted over a century, with the only exceptions being three instances of performances, licensed by the Pope, to area leaders (such as the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I).

A 14 year old boy ended it. That boy was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/03/2020
Should We Take Down the Mona Lisa?
November 06, 2019, InsideHook by Bonnie Stiernberg
The Mona Lisa is, of course, one of the most famous — if not the most famous — works of art in the world, and naturally that means it attracts a huge amount of people on a daily basis at the Louvre, leading to overcrowding. But what, if anything, should be done about that? In a controversial new New York Times piece, Jason Farago argues we should take the famed da Vinci painting down.

“Some 80 percent of visitors, according to the Louvre’s research, are here for the Mona Lisa — and most of them leave unhappy,” Farago writes. “Content in the 20th century to be merely famous, she has become, in this age of mass tourism and digital narcissism, a black hole of anti-art who has turned the museum inside out.” To see the painting, he notes, “you must line up in a hideous, T.S.A.-style snake of retractable barriers that ends about 12 feet from the Leonardo — which, for a painting that’s just two and a half feet tall, is too far for looking and way too far for a good selfie.”

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 485Online Resources Links: 615Recipes: 481
Census People: 11,400 | Pix: 5,233 (45.90%) | Countries: 10,607 (93.04%) | Dates: 3,743 (32.83%) | Bio: 10,192 (89.40%) | TLs: 1,409 (12.36%)/3,736 (48.37%) | Links: 17,116 (150.14%) | Gallery: 89 (0.78%) | Notes: 1,786 (15.67%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 142 | Pix: 2 (1.41%) | Countries: 142 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 88 (61.97%) | TLs: 2 (1.41%)/9 | Links: 118 (83.10%) | Gallery: 118 (83.10%) | Notes: 118 (83.10%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,408Broadsheet Archive: 3,090Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,723    Tagged: 6,379 (82.60%)   With Links: 4,428 (57.34%)   Total Links: 5,577
Colonial Quotes: 3,049Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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