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Redwood Country Flea Market (CT)
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Franz Xaver Mozart
Son of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and his wife Constanze. A composer, pianist, conductor, and teacher from the late classical period whose musical style was of an early Romanticism, heavily influenced by his father's mature style. He had a relatively small output (his opus numbers only go up to 30) and after 1820 he seems to have given up composing almost entirely; in particular, there is an 11-year gap (1828 to 1839) when he seems to have not written anything.

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A boy educated along with a young noble, and flogged whenever the princeling did something adjudged to merit flogging, or roused his tutor's ire. Bishop Gilbert Burnet in his HISTORY OF HIS OWN TIME (1715) mentioned William Murray of the bed-chamber, that had been whipping-boy to King Charles the First. William Shakespeare uses whipping- cheer to mean 'a banquet of lashes' in HENRY IV, PART TWO (1598); the Beadle that has arrested Doll Tearsheet says: The constables have delivered her over to me, and she shall have whipping cheer enough, I warrant her. Convicted whores were then publicly whipped, often on a whipping-bench or in the whipping-stocks, or tied to the whipping-pole (-post). It is no wonder that Doll and Hostess Quickly vehemently protest.

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Early Colonies
Of the 13 original colonies, which was first settled as a penal colony?
  1. Georgia

  2. Rhode Island

  3. New Hampshire

  4. Delaware

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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
But what do we mean by the American Revolution? Do we mean the American war? The Revolution was effected before the war commenced. The Revolution was in the minds and hearts of the people; a change in their religious sentiments, of their duties and obligations...This radical change in the principles, opinions, sentiments, and affections of the people was the real American Revolution.
— John Adams
Letter to H. Niles, February 13, 1818

Latest Activity

Today1 Broadsheet added
4 Census People added/edited
1 Dictionary word added/edited
05/23/191 Broadsheet added
34 Calendar Events added/edited
1 Census Person added/edited
05/22/191 Broadsheet added
3 Census People added/edited
1 Census Link added/edited
1 Timeline and/or Link entry added/edited
05/21/191 Broadsheet added
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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

April, 2019
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New England Weather: Storm of April, 1852
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times04/21/19
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Antiques: Auction Results04/09/19
New England Weather: 1851 Lighthouse Storm
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times03/28/19
An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals03/24/19
February, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results03/08/19
New England Weather: The Long Storm of 1798
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times03/01/19
January, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results01/30/19
Travels in the American Colonies: Journal of De Beauchamps' Journey to the Choctaws
Regional History: Journals01/19/19
December, 2018
Antiques: Auction Results01/07/19

This Day in Early Modern History -- May 24th

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events


 •  1543-Nicolaus Copernicus dies
 •  1653-German Parliament selects Ferdinand IV as king of Austria 
 •  1660-English king Charles II of England visits Netherlands 
 •  1667-French troops attack into Southern Netherlands 
 •  1689-English Parliament guarantees freedom of religion for Protestants 
 •  1697-English king William III travels through northern Europe 
 •  1726-People's revolt due to increase in gin/brandy tax 
 •  1738-Aldersgate Day: Methodist Church forms when when John Wesley experiences assurance of his salvation
 •  1775-John Hancock becomes president of Congress
 •  1797-Thomas Jefferson inquires about a former flame
 •  1809-Dartmoor Prison opens to house French prisoners of war
 •  1815-George Evans discovers Lachlan River, Australia 
 •  1818-General Andrew Jackson captures Pensacola Florida
 •  1822-Battle of Pichincha, Simon Bolivar secures independence of Quito from Spain
 •  1824-Pope Leo XII proclaims a universal jubilee
 •  1827-Turks capture Acropolis and takes Athens during Greek War of Independence
 •  1829-Pope Pius VIII issues his program for pontificate 
 •  1830-Mary Had A Little Lamb is first published
  -First passenger rail service in U.S. (Baltimore and Elliots Mill, Maryland) 
 •  1834-Portuguese Civil war ends, Miguel I of Portugal capitulates
 •  1844-Samuel F. B. Morse taps out "What hath God wrought" (first telegraph msg)
 •  1846-General Zachary Taylor captures Monterey in Mexican War
 •  1854-Anthony Burns, escaped slave, arrested by U.S. Deputy marshals in Boston
  -Lincoln University, Penn, first Black college in U.S. forms by Presbyterians 
 •  1856-In Kansas, John Brown and a small band of abolitionists murder five pro-slavery men in the Pottawatomie Massacre


 •  1494-   Pontormo -- Artists
 •  1544-  William Gilbert -- AstronomersWritersPhysicians
 •  1686-  Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit -- Inventors
 •  1743-  Jean-Paul Marat -- WritersPhysiciansScientists
 •  1759-  Wilhelm Friedrich Ernst Bach -- Composers
 •  1796-  Jean-Etienne Ramey -- Sculptors
 •  1816-  Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze -- Artists
 •  1818-  John Henry Foley -- Sculptors
 •  1819-   Victoria -- ClergyGovernance


 •  1498-  Benedetto da Maiano -- Sculptors
 •  1543-  Nicolaus Copernicus -- AstronomersWriters
 •  1627-  Luis de Gongora -- Writers
 •  1647-  Ferdinando Gorges -- MilitaryNavalGovernance
 •  1681-  Celio Piccolomini -- Clergy
 •  1704-  Laurens de Graaf -- Pirates
 •  1734-  Georg Ernst Stahl -- WritersPhysiciansScientists
 •  1763-  Luis Gonzalez Velazquez -- Artists
 •  1773-  Jan Zach -- Composers
 •  1792-  George Brydges Rodney -- Naval
 •  1820-  Francisco Antonio Mourelle -- ExplorersNaval
 •  1827-  Roger Baxter -- ClergyWriters
 •  1831-  James Peale -- Artists
 •  1848-  Annette von Droste-Hulshoff -- ComposersWriters

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 05/24/2019
Historic artifacts moved off Jamestown Island before Florence brings flooding
September 13, 2018, Williamsburg Yorktown Daily (VA) by Andrew Harris
With Hurricane Florence approaching the East Coast, visitors are prohibited on Jamestown Island — and even the island’s historic relics are being removed to keep them safe from the storm.

Staff members from the National Colonial Historical Park spent Wednesday loading artifacts from the first permanent English settlement in North America onto trucks, Superintendent Kym Hall said. They will then be ferried out of harm’s way before Florence’s effects can be felt.

posted on Colonial Sense: 05/23/2019 -- Followup
Researchers say they’re closing in on Captain Cook’s ship
September 21, 2018, San Francisco Chronicle (CA) by Jennifer McDermott
Researchers say they’ve identified a site off the coast of Rhode Island where they think the ship that 18th-century explorer Capt. James Cook used to sail around the world may be located.

The Rhode Island Marine Archaeology Project, which is leading the search effort, and the Australian National Maritime Museum identified the site in the harbor near Newport, R.I.

posted on Colonial Sense: 05/22/2019
Captain Cook's ship Endeavour may have been found off the US coast
September 19, 2018, CNN by James Griffiths
The wreck of Captain Cook's HMS Endeavour may have finally been pinpointed, 17,000 kilometers (10,500 miles) from the country with which it's most famously associated.

Researchers in Rhode Island, on the East Coast of the United States, said this week that they had narrowed a decades-long search for the Endeavour to "one or two archaeological sites," just in time for the 250th anniversary of Cook's voyage from the UK to Australia aboard the vessel, the first recorded European contact with that continent.

posted on Colonial Sense: 05/21/2019
Hidden secrets of 400-year-old castle finally revealed
September 12, 2018, New York Post by Hana R. Alberts
It’s never too late for a second act.

Massimo Fasanella d’Amore — a native of Bari, Italy, with a personality as exuberant as his name — spent 33 years as a jetsetting exec for PepsiCo and Procter & Gamble.

But he could never quite shake fond memories of the vacation home of his childhood: a limestone castle at the center of Ugento, a village in southern Italy’s Puglia region, where his grandfather hosted him every summer. In 1643 d’Amore’s ancestor — a lord, naturally — acquired the fortress, gorgeously festooned with ornate moldings, pointed arches and painted frescoes.

posted on Colonial Sense: 05/20/2019
What caused Leonardo da Vinci's hand impairment?
May 04, 2019, CNN by Ashley Strickland
A 16th-century drawing of Leonardo da Vinci suggests that the artist sustained traumatic nerve damage to his right hand that impaired his painting skills late in life, according to a new study.

Dr. David Lazzeri, a plastic reconstructive surgery specialist at Villa Salaria Clinic in Rome, and Dr. Carlo Rossi, a neurology specialist at Hospital of Pontedera, analyzed a red chalk drawing of Leonardo by Giovanni Ambrogio Figino and compared it with an engraving of Leonardo, as well as a biography. Their study was published Friday in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, coinciding with the 500th anniversary of Leonardo's death.

posted on Colonial Sense: 05/19/2019
America Is Living James Madison’s Nightmare
September 18, 2018, The Atlantic by Jeffrey Rosen
James madison traveled to Philadelphia in 1787 with Athens on his mind. He had spent the year before the Constitutional Convention reading two trunkfuls of books on the history of failed democracies, sent to him from Paris by Thomas Jefferson. Madison was determined, in drafting the Constitution, to avoid the fate of those “ancient and modern confederacies,” which he believed had succumbed to rule by demagogues and mobs.

posted on Colonial Sense: 05/18/2019
Doctor diagnoses woman in 'Mona Lisa'
September 07, 2018, HLN by Staff
[VIDEO] A doctor in Boston says the woman in the "Mona Lisa" portrait was suffering from an illness, possibly a serious thyroid condition.

posted on Colonial Sense: 05/17/2019
Archaeologists explore a rural field in Kansas, and a lost city emerges
August 19, 2018, Los Angeles Times by David Kelly
Of all the places to discover a lost city, this pleasing little community seems an unlikely candidate.

There are no vine-covered temples or impenetrable jungles here — just an old-fashioned downtown, a drug store that serves up root beer floats and rambling houses along shady brick lanes.

...Using freshly translated documents written by the Spanish conquistadors more than 400 years ago and an array of high-tech equipment, Blakeslee located what he believes to be the lost city of Etzanoa, home to perhaps 20,000 people between 1450 and 1700.

posted on Colonial Sense: 05/16/2019
How Venice’s Salty Winds Destroyed Titian’s Fantastic Frescoes
August 24, 2018, The Daily Beast by Allison McNearney
It was a January evening in Venice in 1505. One can imagine the scene: well-to-do Venetians sitting around their formal tables waiting for dinner to be served while the gondoliers still on duty bundled up against the winter winds and piloted their boats down the Grand Canal.

On the eastern shore, just before they passed under the Rialto Bridge, they would glide by the Fondaco dei Tedeschi, where German merchants were housed with the wares they had brought to sell and trade in the booming port city.

What the passing gondoliers and the merchants inside didn’t yet know that evening was that a fire was breaking out in the attic of the building the Germans were assigned—and largely confined—to while they were in town conducting their business.

posted on Colonial Sense: 05/15/2019 -- Followup
Archaeologists may have unearthed the nearly 400-year-old skeleton of America's second governor
July 25, 2018, CNN by Jessica Campisi and Brandon Griggs
Last weekend a group of archaeologists unearthed a skeleton they think belongs to the man who presided over the first representative government assembly in the Western Hemisphere.

Now, they have to prove it's really him.

Archaeologists in Jamestown, Virginia -- North America's first permanent British settlement -- began excavating the site almost two years ago. After many months of work, they spent this weekend uncovering what could be the grave of Sir George Yeardley, one of Jamestown's early leaders.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 322Online Resources Links: 614Recipes: 481
Census People: 11,164 | Pix: 5,095 (45.64%) | Countries: 10,389 (93.06%) | Dates: 3,609 (32.33%) | Bio: 9,994 (89.52%) | TLs: 1,395 (12.50%)/3,724 (48.22%) | Links: 16,308 (146.08%) | Gallery: 55 (0.49%) | Notes: 1,745 (15.63%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 128 | Pix: 2 (1.56%) | Countries: 128 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 85 (66.41%) | TLs: 2 (1.56%)/9 | Links: 104 (81.25%) | Gallery: 104 (81.25%) | Notes: 104 (81.25%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,406Broadsheet Archive: 2,901Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,723    Tagged: 6,369 (82.47%)   With Links: 4,385 (56.78%)   Total Links: 5,521
Colonial Quotes: 2,904Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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