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Daily Trivia [More]
Federalist Era
On March 1, 1790, what was authorized for the first time?
  1. United States currency

  2. United States Navy

  3. United States Post Office

  4. United States census

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Daily Colonial Quote

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
Public virtue cannot exist in a nation without private, and public virtue is the only foundation of republics. There must be a positive passion for the public good, the public interest, honour, power and glory, established in the minds of the people, or there can be no republican government, nor any real liberty: and this public passion must be superior to all private passions.
-- John Adams
Letter to Mercy Warren, April 16, 1776

Latest Activity
TodayNothing new to report...
08/03/1543 Census People added/edited
5 Census Notes Items added/edited
08/02/15128 Census People added/edited
73 Census Notes Items added/edited
08/01/15137 Census People added/edited
37 Census Notes Items added/edited
07/31/153 Census People added/edited
3 Census Links added/edited
4 Timeline and/or Link entries added/edited

Recent Articles on Colonial Sense
Journey to America: Chapter 22Regional History: Journals07/30/15
New England Weather: 1762 DroughtSociety-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times07/19/15
June, 2015Antiques: Auction Results07/08/15
Journey to America: Chapter 21Regional History: Journals06/29/15
New England Weather: 1749 DroughtSociety-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times06/19/15
May, 2015Antiques: Auction Results06/07/15
Brimfield Antique MarketAntiques: Other Antiques05/29/15
The Long SSociety-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times05/21/15 [update]
Journey to America: Chapter 20Regional History: Journals05/18/15
April, 2015Antiques: Auction Results05/07/15

This Day in Colonial History -- August 4th:
click on      for links to additional information; or go to the Timeline for more events
 •  1558-First printing of Zohar (Jewish Kabbalah) 
 •  1578-Battle of Alcácer Quibir: Moroccans defeat Portuguese, 10,000 killed
 •  1598-London's head office of the Hanseatic League closes 
 •  1636-John Maurice of Nassau appointed governor of Dutch Brazil 
 •  1666-Hurricane hits Guadeloupe, Martinique and St. Christopher, thousands die
  -St. James's Day Battle: sea battle between Netherlands and England
 •  1693-Champagne is said to have been invented on this day by Dom Pierre Pérignon, a French monk.
 •  1695-French garrison of surrenders to Willem III 
 •  1730-Crown prince Frederik of Prussia escapes to England 
 •  1735-Jury acquits John Zenger (New York Weekly Journal) charged with seditious libel by royal governor of New York (victory for Freedom of press) 
 •  1737-Battle of Banja Luka: Ottoman Empire defeat the Holy Roman Empire
 •  1753-George Washington becomes a master mason 
 •  1777-Retired British cavalry officer Philip Astley establishes first circus
 •  1789-French National Meeting ending feudal system 
 •  1790-U.S. passes Assumption bill making U.S. responsible for state debts
  -U.S. Coast Guard founded as Revenue Cutter Service
 •  1791-Austria and Turkey sign Peace of Sistova
 •  1792-British General John Burgoyne dies in Mayfair, England
 •  1821-First edition of The Saturday Evening Post
 •  1830-Plans for city of Chicago laid out 
 •  1855-John Bartlett publishes Familiar Quotations 

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era
Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 07/27/2015
UNESCO says Captain Kidd pirate treasure claim is false
July 14, 2015, The Associated Press by Staff
The account of an American underwater explorer who says he found a silver ingot that belonged to 17th century pirate Captain Kidd in Madagascar is false, the United Nations said Tuesday.

The so-called silver ingot is actually a piece of ballast that consists almost entirely of lead, the U.N. cultural body UNESCO said in a statement. It also dismissed assertions that the shipwreck of the Adventure Galley, a vessel belonging to Captain Kidd, had been found. The underwater structure was instead a broken segment from port construction, it said.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/26/2015
Robotic Sub Stumbles Across Revolutionary War-Era Shipwreck
July 21, 2015, Discovery News by Patrick J. Kiger
It’s amazing what you can find at the ocean bottom, even when you’re looking for something else.

Marine scientists on the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution research ship Atlantis, who were sailing off the North Carolina coast in an effort to study biological and chemical activity in deep-sea methane seeps, happened upon a previously undiscovered shipwreck on the ocean bottom about a mile beneath the surface.

Artifacts found on the wreck suggest that it could date back as far as the late 1700s, around the time of the American Revolution.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/26/2015
US Alamo fort awarded World Heritage status
July 05, 2015, AFP by Staff
The 18th century Spanish-built San Antonio Missions in Texas in the United States, including Alamo, were awarded world heritage status by the UN's cultural body on Sunday.

UNESCO's World Heritage Committee approved the listing of the five Spanish Roman Catholic sites built in and around what is now the city of San Antonio, including the Alamo fort, where in 1836 some 180 Texans fighting for independence from Mexico fought to the death against Mexican General Santa Anna's army of several thousand soldiers.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/25/2015
Democrats drop Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Jackson names from annual fundraising dinner
July 23, 2015, The Connecticut Post by Neil Vigdor
Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Jackson are history in Connecticut.

Under pressure from the NAACP, the state Democratic Party will scrub the names of the two presidents from its annual fundraising dinner because of their ties to slavery.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/25/2015
Archaeologists find wreckage of Spanish ship that battled English corsairs in 1700s
July 20, 2015, Fox News by Staff
Colombian archaeologists have discovered the remains of what could be an 18th-century merchant vessel sunk by Spanish naval commander Adm. Blas de Lezo in 1741 in an attempt to block an English invasion of the Caribbean port city of Cartagena de Indias, researchers told EFE.

The discovery consists of a cannon and several slabs of wood that form "a pattern indicating that all the wood and structures belonged to a single ship," the Universidad Externado de Colombia professor of archaeology and director of the Terra Firme Foundation, Carlos del Cairo, said.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/21/2015
Centuries-Old Shipwreck Discovered Off NC Coast
July 17, 2015, Duke University by Staff
Scanning sonar from a scientific expedition has revealed the remains of a previously unknown shipwreck more than a mile deep off the North Carolina coast. Artifacts on the wreck indicate it might date to the American Revolution.

Marine scientists from Duke University, North Carolina State University and the University of Oregon discovered the wreck on July 12 during a research expedition aboard the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) research ship Atlantis.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/21/2015
Watch the Mona Lisa come to life: Interactive version of masterpiece sees her frown, turn her head, and even breathe
July 13, 2015, The Daily Mail (UK) by Richard Gray
Her eyes are said to follow art lovers around the room and the Mona Lisa's enigmatic smile gives her a strangely life like quality that captivates those who gaze upon her.

But now computer technology has been used to bring the Mona Lisa to life like never before.

An interactive version of the famous painting by Leonardo da Vinci allows her to turn her head, pucker her lips, frown and even breathe.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/17/2015
‘Hamilton’ Heads to Broadway in a Hip-Hop Retelling
July 12, 2015, The New York Times by Michael Paulson
The Broadway musical can seem as oldfangled as the founding fathers. But an audacious hip-hop retelling of the life of the nation’s first Treasury secretary lands on Broadway on Monday poised to become the rarest of theatrical phenomena: not only a hit, but a turning point for the art form and a cultural conversation piece. Continue reading the main story RELATED COVERAGE Renée Elise Goldsberry, right, with Patricia Sanftner at the Schuyler-Hamilton House in Morristown, N.J.Grace Notes: Actresses in ‘Hamilton’ Take a Trip to a Family Home for a History LessonJULY 12, 2015 Clockwise from left, Phillipa Soo, Lin-Manuel Miranda and Anthony Ramos in “Hamilton” at the Public Theater.‘Hamilton’ Puts Politics Onstage and Politicians in AttendanceMARCH 27, 2015 Lin-Manuel Miranda, center, plays the title role in the hip-hop-influenced musical Review: In ‘Hamilton,’ Lin-Manuel Miranda Forges Democracy Through RapFEB. 17, 2015 From left, Daveed Diggs, Okieriete Onaodowan, Anthony Ramos and Lin-Manuel Miranda in the musical “Hamilton.”Lin-Manuel Miranda and Others From ‘Hamilton’ Talk HistoryFEB. 5, 2015 The Hamilton Mixtape From left, Lin-Manuel Miranda, Jon Rua and James Monroe Iglehart, at the Allen Room.Music Review: ‘Hamilton Mixtape,’ by Lin-Manuel Miranda, at Allen RoomJAN. 12, 2012 Lin-Manuel Miranda, in his neighborhood in upper Manhattan.Lin-Manuel Miranda Is Rapping on Alexander HamiltonJAN. 6, 2012

The show, “Hamilton,” arrives with a powerful tailwind. It has already brought in $27.6 million, with just over 200,000 tickets sold in advance — huge numbers for Broadway, and among the biggest pre-opening totals in history. An Off Broadway production of the musical, based on Alexander Hamilton, which ran this year at the Public Theater, was a critical darling that sold out 119 performances, attracted a who’s who of cultural and political figures, and collected a trophy case of awards. And the show’s creator, a 35-year-old New Yorker named Lin-Manuel Miranda, has already won a Tony and a Grammy for an earlier show he had begun while still an undergraduate.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/17/2015
The history of British slave ownership has been buried: now its scale can be revealed
July 11, 2015, The Guardian (UK) by David Olusoga
he past has a disconcerting habit of bursting, uninvited and unwelcome, into the present. This year history gate-crashed modern America in the form of a 150-year-old document: a few sheets of paper that compelled Hollywood actor Ben Affleck to issue a public apology and forced the highly regarded US public service broadcaster PBS to launch an internal investigation.

The document, which emerged during the production of Finding Your Roots, a celebrity genealogy show, is neither unique nor unusual. It is one of thousands that record the primal wound of the American republic – slavery. It lists the names of 24 slaves, men and women, who in 1858 were owned by Benjamin L Cole, Affleck’s great-great-great-grandfather. When this uncomfortable fact came to light, Affleck asked the show’s producers to conceal his family’s links to slavery. Internal emails discussing the programme were later published by WikiLeaks, forcing Affleck to admit in a Facebook post: “I didn’t want any television show about my family to include a guy who owned slaves. I was embarrassed.”

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/16/2015
King George I, Party Planning Visionary
June 30, 2015, The Toast by Kathleen Cooper
It’s a shame that we don’t often celebrate the creators of small pleasures. Creators of Big Things — like cars, light bulbs, and antibiotics — understandably receive a great deal of attention, but when it comes to the small events in history, we seem to suffer from collective amnesia. The origins of the first birthday party are lost in the mists of time. We don’t know exactly who invented the first picnic, or thought of the first New Year’s Eve party.

But I am happy to report that the story of King George I of England and his fabulous, fairy-tale Royal Floating Concert Supper Party, the justly celebrated event that featured the first-ever performance of Handel’s famous “Water Music,” has survived through the ages. King George’s musical event was the first party to combine an outdoor concert with entertaining and dining, and this innovation has evolved into our modern tradition of outdoor concert and tailgate parties.


Colonial Sense Stats
Event Calendar Listings: 230Online Resources Links: 608Recipes: 480
Census People: 9,427       Links: 8,060       Gallery: 51       Notes: 1,039
Dictionary Entries: 1,402Broadsheet Archive: 2,290Food and Farming Items: 199
Timeline Events: 7,806     Tagged: 6,139 (78.64%)    With Links: 3,472 (44.48%)    Total Links: 4,063
Colonial Quotes: 1,897Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9       Music: 12       Wallpaper: 6       Radio Shows: 5

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Brewster by the Bay Flea Market (MA)
Raven's Many Gifts: Native Art of the Northwest Coast (MA)
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From Congregation Town to Cradle of Industry: A Century of North Carolina Moravian Landscapes, 1 (NC)
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Experience the James: Lynchburg's Pathway to the World (VA)
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Virginia Highlands Festival Annual Antique Market (VA)

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