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Why We Collect: Recent Acquisitions at Historic Deerfield, 2010-2017 (MA)
Discovery Interiors Collectibles Online - Skinner Auctions (MA)
Irresistible. Unreserved. - Skinner Auctions (MA)
Program in New England Studies (MA)
Summer Evening at Otis House (MA)
Engraved Powder Horns from the French and Indian War and the American Revolution: The William H. Guthman Collection (MA)
Celebrating the Fiber Arts: The Helen Geier Flynt Textile Gallery (MA)
Into the Woods: Crafting Early American Furniture (MA)
Raven's Many Gifts: Native Art of the Northwest Coast (MA)
Importing Splendor: Luxuries from China (MA)
Days of Youth: The Lives of Shaker Children at Hancock Shaker Village (MA)
Behind-the-Scenes Farm Tour (MA)
12th Annual Maine Festival of American Music (ME)
Garden State: Living Off the Land in Early New Jersey Exhibit (NJ)
Antique, Advertising, Historical Memorabilia, Rare Books and Autographs - Philip Weiss Auctions (NY)
The Last Argument of Kings: The Art and Science of 18th-century Artillery (NY)
Simple Gifts: Shaker at The Met (NY)
Antique Advertising, Historical Memorabilia, Rare Books and Autographs = Philip Weiss Auctions (NY)
2017 Summer Institute (PA)
Renninger's Antique Extravaganza (PA)
We the People: American Folk Portraits (VA)
Revolution in Taste (VA)
American Furniture: From Virginia to Vermont (VA)
Lock, Stock, and Barrel (VA)
Changing Keys: Keyboard Instruments for America, 1700–1830 (VA)
China of the Most Fashionable Sort: Chinese Export Porcelain in Colonial America (VA)
A Rich and Varied Culture: The Material World of the Early South (VA)
Silver from Mine to Masterpiece (VA)
Architectural Clues to 18th-Century Williamsburg (VA)
German Toys in America (VA)
Color and Shape: The Art of the American Theorem (VA)
The World Made Small (VA)
From Forge and Furnace: A Celebration of Early American Iron (VA)

Featured Citizen [More]

Thomas Corneille
a French dramatist. Born in Rouen some nineteen years after his brother Pierre, the "great Corneille", Thomas's skill as a poet seems to have shown itself early. At the age of fifteen he composed a play in Latin which was performed by his fellow-pupils at the Jesuit school in Rouen, the Collège de Bourbon (now the Lycée Pierre Corneille). His first play in the French language, Les Engagements du hasard, was probably first performed at the Hôtel de Bourgogne in 1647, although not published until 1656.

Word of the Day [More]

(1) Lovable; pleasant. Middle English leofsum; lief + some. Used since the 1 2th century. Burns in his song IN SIMMER WHEN THE HAY WAS MAWN (1792) sighs for The tender heart o' leesome love, The gowd and siller canna buy. The form leesome lane, however, is a variant of leelane, all by one's lone. (2) Lawful; permissible; right. This sense is from Middle English lefsum, leave (permission) + some. In the same sense leeful (leveful, laifull, lyefull, etc.) was used from the 13th century to Burns (FOR A' THAT AN' A' THAT, 1814) . The form leesome (lesume, leisom, leifsome, etc.), lawful, was used from the 14th century into the I8th; Douglas in his AENEIS (1513) said: So that it lesum be Dido ramane In spousage bound. Blind brutal boy, said Montgomery in 1600, in a sonnet on Cupid, that with thy bow abuses Leill [loyal] leesome love by lechery and lust.

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Daily Colonial Quote

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
For I agree with you that there is a natural aristocracy among men. The grounds of this are virtue and talents.
— Thomas Jefferson
October 28, 1813

Latest Activity

Today1 Broadsheet added
17 Census People added/edited
1 Census Link added/edited
1 Timeline and/or Link entry added/edited
06/21/1716 Calendar Events added/edited
7 Census People added/edited
6 Census Links added/edited
18 Timeline and/or Link entries added/edited
06/20/174 Census People added/edited
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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

Travels in the American Colonies: Colonel Chicken's Journal To The Cherokees
Regional History: Journals06/19/17
May, 2017
Antiques: Auction Results06/05/17
New England Weather: Summer of 1771
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times05/23/17
John Woolman's Journal: Chapter 12
Regional History: Journals05/13/17
April, 2017
Antiques: Auction Results05/06/17
An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals04/30/17
New England Weather: 1744 Earthquake
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times04/21/17
Architectural Styles: Colonial
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times04/09/17
Architectural Styles: Georgian
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times04/09/17
Architectural Styles: Federal
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times04/09/17

This Day in Early Modern History -- June 22nd

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events
 •  1559-Jewish quarter of Prague burned and looted 
 •  1611-Henry Hudson, his son & seven others are set adrift in Hudson Bay by mutineers
 •  1633-Galileo Galilei is forced by Inquisition to "abjure, curse, and detest" his belief that Earth orbits the sun (but on Oct 31, 1992, Vatican admits it was wrong)
 •  1675-Britain’s King Charles II of England issues a royal warrant to establish and build the Royal Observatory in Greenwich
 •  1679-Battle of Bothwell Bridge: James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, beats Scottish
 •  1740-King Frederick II of Prussia ends torture and guarantees religion and freedom of the press 
 •  1745-Charles Edward Stuart (aka Bonnie Prince Charlie) sails to Scotland 
 •  1772-Slavery outlawed in England 
 •  1774-English parliament accepts the Quebec Act
 •  1775-Congress issues Continental currency ($2,000,000)
 •  1783-Sulfur dioxide gas from the Icelandic Laki volcano eruption arrives in Europe, causing scores of thousands of deaths.
 •  1792-Captain George Vancouver meets Spanish ships Sutil and Mexicana off Vancouver, BC
 •  1799-England and Russia decide to invade Bataafse Republic 
 •  1807-British board USS Chesapeake, a provocation leading to the War of 1812
 •  1814-First match at the present Lord's Cricket Ground, London, Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) vs. Herefordshire
 •  1815-Second abdication of Napoleon Bonaparte (after Waterloo)
 •  1832-John J. Howe patents pin manufacturing machine
 •  1847-Modern doughnut (with a hole in the center) created by Hanson Gregory
 •  1848-Free Soil party nominates Martin Van Buren as their presidential candidate
 •  1849-Stephen C. Massett opens at the courthouse using the only piano in California
 •  1851-Fire destroys part of San Francisco 

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 06/22/2017
Route on NY’s Long Island designated Washington Spy Trail
May 18, 2017, The Associated Press by Staff
New York state is bestowing a special designation upon a stretch of road on Long Island’s North Shore that was used by a Revolutionary War spy ring working for George Washington.

Route 25A from Great Neck to Port Jefferson, about a 50-mile stretch, is being officially designated Thursday as the Washington Spy Trail. More than two dozen spy ring signs will be installed along the route.

posted on Colonial Sense: 05/30/2017
Blood found on Revolutionary War shrapnel in New Jersey
May 19, 2017, The Associated Press by Staff
Human blood was found on shrapnel discovered on a Revolutionary War battlefield in New Jersey.

Members of the Battlefield Restoration and Archaeological Volunteer Organization working in Freehold Township found the canister shot used by the Continental Army against British troops during the Battle of Monmouth in 1778. They then sent the lead to Colorado for testing, and it came back positive for human blood protein, the Asbury Park Press ( reported.

posted on Colonial Sense: 05/30/2017
The Lost Colony of Popham
May 12, 2017, by Evan Andrews
In 1607, the same year that the famous Jamestown colony was established in Virginia, a second settlement was forged on the windswept coast of Maine. Called the Popham colony, the little-known village was the first British settlement in New England and boasted over 100 residents at its peak. Popham only lasted a year before a breakdown in leadership brought about its collapse, but it helped set the stage for the Pilgrims and the more successful Plymouth Colony that arose 12 years later.

posted on Colonial Sense: 05/29/2017
How a Financial Panic Helped Launch the New York Stock Exchange
May 17, 2017, Time by Olivia B. Waxman
Long before One World Trade Center towered over Lower Manhattan, an American sycamore or buttonwood tree on Wall Street was the tallest thing in the area, and the center of commerce. It was 225 years ago, May 17, 1792, under that very tree, that 24 stockbrokers and merchants signed the so-called Buttonwood Agreement, establishing the parameters for trading in the first incarnation of the New York Stock Exchange.

They agreed that they'd only trade with each other and represent the interests of the public, which meant that the confidence that they had in each other was the confidence that they had in the market. In other words, they wouldn't have to be worrying about selling bad stock or competition over commission rates, so the prices charged would reflect the value of the stock, not some other factor.

posted on Colonial Sense: 05/29/2017
The Amazing Life and Work of Maria Sibylla Merian
May 17, 2017, Atlas Obscura by Anika Burgess
SURINAME IS NEARLY 5,000 MILES from the Netherlands, and in the 17th century, it must have seemed even farther—the perilous journey across the Atlantic by ship took more than grueling two months. Such a voyage would have been almost unheard for a woman to undertake accompanied only by her daughter, were it not for Maria Sibylla Merian. In 1699 Merian traveled across the ocean on an expedition to study insects and plants in their natural South American habitat.

In a time when women had limited career options, Merian made her own profession. At 13, encouraged by her stepfather, she began to paint insects and flowers. As a girl in Frankfurt, Germany, she was fascinated by insects, and found a particular talent for translating their physical forms to paint and paper with both artistic skill and scientific accuracy. By 28, she published her first volume of illustrations.

posted on Colonial Sense: 05/28/2017
NY monument to mark start of 1776 artillery expedition
May 12, 2017, The Associated Press by Staff
A monument is being installed at the upstate New York starting point of an American military expedition that played a key role early in the Revolutionary War.

The Crown Point State Historic Site on Lake Champlain is unveiling a monument commemorating Gen. Henry Knox and the soldiers who hauled 59 artillery pieces from Crown Point and Ticonderoga to Boston’s outskirts in the winter of 1775-76.

posted on Colonial Sense: 05/28/2017
This digital archive of slave voyages details the largest forced migration in history
May 01, 2017, NPR by Philip Misevich, Daniel Domingues, David Eltis, Nafees M. Khan, Nicholas Radburn
Between 1500 and 1866, slave traders forced 12.5 million Africans aboard transatlantic slave vessels. Before 1820, four enslaved Africans crossed the Atlantic for every European, making Africa the demographic wellspring for the repopulation of the Americas after Columbus’ voyages. The slave trade pulled virtually every port that faced the Atlantic Ocean – from Copenhagen to Cape Town and Boston to Buenos Aires – into its orbit. To document this enormous trade – the largest forced oceanic migration in human history – our team launched Voyages: The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database, a freely available online resource that lets visitors search through and analyze information on nearly 36,000 slave voyages that occurred between 1514 and 1866.

posted on Colonial Sense: 05/27/2017
Experts discover 'Christopher Columbus' anchor at Caribbean shipwreck site
May 10, 2017, Fox News by James Rogers
Experts have used a “space treasure map” to make a remarkable discovery in the Caribbean -- a centuries-old anchor believed to be from one of Christopher Columbus’ ships.

Analysis of the anchor, which was found off the Turks and Caicos islands, reveals that it dates to between 1492 and 1550. The overall size of the anchor and its estimated weight of between 1,200 and 1,500 pounds indicates that it was a “bower” anchor from a 300-ton vessel, the typical size of a Columbus-era ship.

posted on Colonial Sense: 05/27/2017
Hunting down runaway slaves: The cruel ads of Andrew Jackson and ‘the master class’
May 01, 2017, The Washington Post by DeNeen L. Brown
“Stop the Runaway,” Andrew Jackson urged in an ad placed in the Tennessee Gazette in October 1804. The future president gave a detailed description: A “Mulatto Man Slave, about thirty years old, six feet and an inch high, stout made and active, talks sensible, stoops in his walk, and has a remarkable large foot, broad across the root of the toes — will pass for a free man.…”

Jackson, who would become the country’s seventh commander in chief in 1829, promised anyone who captured this “Mulatto Man Slave” a reward of $50, plus “reasonable” expenses paid.

posted on Colonial Sense: 05/06/2017
Italian Art Dealer Swindled Out of Paintings by Rembrandt and Renoir Worth $30 Million
April 28, 2017, ArtNet by Alyssa Buffenstein
The Carabinieri is currently hunting down two men who stole €27 million (nearly $30 million) worth of artwork by Rembrandt and Renoir from an art dealer in northern Italy, by posing as legitimate art buyers.

Italian newspaper Il Giorno first broke the story, before the German news agency DPA picked it up on Thursday.

Reportedly, the poseur clients and the dealer had been in contact on multiple occasions.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 288Online Resources Links: 612Recipes: 480
Census People: 10,208 | Pix: 4,399 (43.09%) | Countries: 9,446 (92.54%) | Dates: 3,027 (29.65%) | Bio: 9,080 (88.95%) | TLs: 929 (9.10%)/3,069 (39.69%) | Links: 9,173 (89.86%) | Gallery: 51 (0.50%) | Notes: 1,382 (13.54%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 59 | Pix: 2 (3.39%) | Countries: 59 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 59 (100.00%) | TLs: 2 (3.39%)/8 | Links: 61 (103.39%) | Gallery: 61 (103.39%) | Notes: 61 (103.39%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,406Broadsheet Archive: 2,703Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,732    Tagged: 6,315 (81.67%)   With Links: 4,164 (53.85%)   Total Links: 5,164
Colonial Quotes: 1,902Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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