As long as the reason of man continues fallible, and he is at liberty to exercise it, different opinions will be formed. As long as the connection subsists between his reason and his self-love, his opinions and his passions will have a reciprocal influence on each other.
-- James Madison Federalist No. 10, November 23, 1787
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posted on Colonial Sense: 02/26/2015 How Was The Revolutionary War Paid For? February 23, 2015, Journal Of The American Revolution by John L. Smith, Jr. It’s one thing to make speeches about declaring independence, or to assemble militias and discuss battle tactics against the enemy.
It’s quite another thing to pay for it all.
So how do you pay for a war that no one expected to last eight years?
posted on Colonial Sense: 02/25/2015 Storm washes Armada wreckage on to Sligo beach February 20, 2015, The Irish Times by Marese McDonagh Fears have been expressed for the security of the three Spanish Armada shipwrecks off the coast of Co Sligo, following the discovery of two separate remnants, apparently washed up on Streedagh beach by recent storms.
Donal Gilroy from the Grange and Armada Development Association (GADA) said the discoveries underlined the fragility of the wrecks, described by one expert as “the best archaeological site for this time of maritime archaeology in the world”.
The National Museum and the heritage office at Sligo County Council were notified yesterday about the finds, which follow the discovery last year of part of a 20ft rudder from one of the vessels on the beach.
posted on Colonial Sense: 02/25/2015 6 Famous Wild Children from History February 03, 2015, History.com by Evan Andrews According to legend, the city of Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus, two twin boys who were born to a princess and abandoned in the wilderness as infants. The pair would have died if not for the kindness of a she-wolf and a woodpecker, which suckled and fed the boys until a shepherd adopted them. The story of Romulus and Remus’s youth is most likely a myth, but history abounds with tales of kids who spent their early years in confinement or alone in the forest, often emerging with little knowledge of language or social cues. From a wild boy kept as a pet in King George’s court to an Indian who was supposedly raised by wolves, learn the puzzling and often tragic stories of six famous feral children.
posted on Colonial Sense: 02/24/2015 World premiere of Vivaldi's earliest known work February 06, 2015, BBC (UK) by Benedetto Cataldi The newly-discovered earliest known work by Italian baroque composer Antonio Vivaldi is being premiered at a concert on Monday in Florence, at the city's renowned Uffizi art museum.
The new Vivaldi discovery is an instrumental work that has been dated to between 1700 and 1703. It will be performed by the baroque ensemble Modo Antiquo, under the baton of Federico Maria Sardelli, the conductor and musicologist who unearthed this composition.
posted on Colonial Sense: 02/24/2015 Taj Mahal Gardens Found to Align with the Solstice Sun February 02, 2015, LiveScience by Owen Jarus If you arrived at the Taj Mahal in India before the sun rises on the day of the summer solstice (which usually occurs June 21), and walked up to the north-central portion of the garden where two pathways intersect with the waterway, and if you could step into that waterway and turn your gaze toward a pavilion to the northeast — you would see the sun rise directly over it.
If you could stay in that spot, in the waterway, for the entire day, the sun would appear to move behind you and then set in alignment with another pavilion, to the northwest. The mausoleum and minarets of the Taj Mahal are located between those two pavilions, and the rising and setting sun would appear to frame them.
posted on Colonial Sense: 02/23/2015 The Bravest Son of Liberty? February 07, 2015, Yankee Doodle Spies by S.W. O'Connell Jamaica, Long Island that is. Brigadier General Marinus Willett may in fact be one of the greatest and accomplished New Yorkers - ever. He was a descendant of Thomas Willett, who arrived in New York on the ship The Lion in 1632. The elder Willett served as the first English Mayor of New York City after New Amsterdam fell to the British in 1664. Marinus' father was Edward Willett, a farmer who lived in Jamaica, Long Island (now Queens). Hard to believe that the mean streets that folks see on the way to JFK Airport once was some of the lushest farm land in America. But Edward was a man of letters and business - he made his living as a school teacher and a tavern keeper.
posted on Colonial Sense: 02/23/2015 Remarkable Discovery Describes Hemmings Cabin Interior February 05, 2015, Monticello.org by Susan Stein While study of Mulberry Row has been underway for nearly 60 years, Monticello curators just discovered new important information about the furnishings of John and Priscilla Hemmings’s cabin. We could hardly believe our luck to find a very rare, first-person account about the interior of a slave dwelling. It was written by the last great-grandchild born at Monticello, Martha Jefferson Trist Burke (1826–1915). Amazingly, Martha Burke vividly remembered the interior of the Hemmngs’s dwelling because of the strong impression it made upon her at 2 ½ years of age. Written in her own hand in a lined notebook in 1889, she notes,
posted on Colonial Sense: 02/22/2015 Getting to know George Washington, America's 'conservative revolutionary' February 18, 2015, The Virginia Gazette by Mitchell B. Reiss As we approach George Washington's birthday this coming Sunday, Feb. 22, it is appropriate for us to look past the mattress and car sales invoking his name and pause to reflect on his many contributions to our country. From the distance of more than two centuries, how should we assess his impact on the United States? And what relevance does his life have for us in 2015?
posted on Colonial Sense: 02/22/2015 Thomas Jefferson Conducted Early Smallpox Vaccine Trials February 04, 2015, Smithsonian Magazine by Marissa Fessenden In May of 1980, the World Health Assembly declared the world free from smallpox. The disease that had killed millions of people every century for much of recorded history was gone (at least, outside of laboratories)—a triumph that began with English doctor Edward Jenner, who discovered in 1796 that a little bit of a similar virus from cows could protect humans. Cows are vacca in Latin, hence vaccination.
Jenner’s work reached the U.S. in part due to the efforts of a Harvard professor, Benjamin Waterhouse, who vaccinated his own family and exposed them to smallpox patients. But Waterhouse wanted to spread the word, so he wrote to an amateur scientist in Virginia, writes Steven Johnson for How We Get to Next. That scientist was Thomas Jefferson.
posted on Colonial Sense: 02/21/2015 Confronting political extremism through debate itself February 17, 2015, Richmond Times-Dispatch (VA) by Michael Signer Today, our commonwealth and the country at large are being poisoned by a toxic brew of extremism, gridlock and cynicism about leadership itself. Congress is both historically unpopular and unproductive. President Barack Obama has been stymied in his quest to bring hope and unity to a country divided between red and blue. And here in Richmond, many leaders of both parties can barely speak to each other, let alone compromise, on issues ranging from Medicaid expansion to nonpartisan redistricting.
...For a model, our political leaders today should look further back in time — to James Madison. In researching young James Madison’s rise over the past four years, I was struck by how Madison challenged extremism through the politically unlikely but powerful force of debate.