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Today's Events [More]

Embroidery: The Language of Art (DE)
16th Annual Madison Antiques Show and Sale (GA)
Makers' Marathon! Winter Vacation at Plimoth Plantation (MA)
Engraved Powder Horns from the French and Indian War and the American Revolution: The William H. Guthman Collection (MA)
Natural Selections: Flora and the Arts (MA)
Celebrating the Fiber Arts: The Helen Geier Flynt Textile Gallery (MA)
Into the Woods: Crafting Early American Furniture (MA)
Raven's Many Gifts: Native Art of the Northwest Coast (MA)
Importing Splendor: Luxuries from China (MA)
The Last Argument of Kings: The Art and Science of 18th-century Artillery (NY)
Simple Gifts: Shaker at The Met (NY)
“Terror on the Tulpehocken” (PA)
Ephrata Winter Class (PA)
Gather Up the Fragments: The Andrews Shaker Collection (PA)
Maple Sugaring (RI)
“Queen of Hearts: Dolley Madison in Popular Culture” (VA)
"Bartering for a Continent: How Anglo-Indian Trade Shaped America" Special Exhibition (VA)
Revolution in Taste (VA)
American Furniture: From Virginia to Vermont (VA)
Lock, Stock, and Barrel (VA)
Changing Keys: Keyboard Instruments for America, 1700–1830 (VA)
China of the Most Fashionable Sort: Chinese Export Porcelain in Colonial America (VA)
A Rich and Varied Culture: The Material World of the Early South (VA)
Silver from Mine to Masterpiece (VA)
Architectural Clues to 18th-Century Williamsburg (VA)
German Toys in America (VA)
Color and Shape: The Art of the American Theorem (VA)
The World Made Small (VA)
From Forge and Furnace: A Celebration of Early American Iron (VA)

Featured Citizen [More]

Alexander Selkirk
a Scottish sailor who spent more than four years as a castaway after being marooned on an uninhabited island in the South Pacific Ocean (also known as the South Sea). Selkirk was an unruly youth, and joined buccaneering expeditions to the South Sea. By the time that he was rescued, he had become adept at hunting and making use of the resources that he found on the island. His story of survival was widely publicised when he returned home and became a likely source of inspiration for writer Daniel Defoe's fictional character Robinson Crusoe.

Word of the Day [More]

Lac virginis
(1) A cosmetic; used in the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries. Literally (Latin), milk of the Virgin. Nashe in PIERCE PENNILESSE HIS SUPPLICATION TO THE DIVELL (1592) said: She should have noynted your face over night with lac virginis. (2) A wine; perhaps a translation of German Licbfraumilch. BLACKWOOD'S EDINBURGH MAGAZINE said, in a poem of 1820: The parsons should grow misty On good lac virginis or lachryma Christi.

Daily Trivia [More]

Early Colonies
Which Maryland town, founded in 1683, gained its prominence by being mandated in 1694 as the first and only port of entry on the eastern shore?
  1. Annapolis

  2. Silver Spring

  3. Baltimore

  4. Oxford

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Daily Colonial Quote

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
A slender acquaintance with the world must convince every man that actions, not words, are the true criterion of the attachment of friends.
— George Washington

Latest Activity

Today2 Census People added/edited
1 Timeline and/or Link entry added/edited
02/22/178 Census People added/edited
7 Census Links added/edited
20 Timeline and/or Link entries added/edited
02/21/171 Article Chapter added/edited
41 Calendar Events added/edited
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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

John Woolman's Journal: Chapter 11
Regional History: Journals02/21/17
New England Weather: Spring Freshet of 1823
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times02/14/17
January, 2017
Antiques: Auction Results02/03/17
New England Weather: The Freshet of 1807
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times01/21/17
An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals01/10/17
December, 2016
Antiques: Auction Results01/05/17
New England Weather: The Meteorite of 1807
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times12/23/16
Travels in the American Colonies: Diary Of A Journey Of Moravians
Regional History: Journals12/20/16
Moravian Christmas History: Christmas at the Bethlehem Boarding School
Society-Lifestyle: Holidays12/18/16
Moravian Christmas History: The Moravian Star
Society-Lifestyle: Holidays12/16/16

This Day in Early Modern History -- February 23rd

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events
 •  1574-France begins fifth holy war against Huguenots 
 •  1623-Duke Maximilian I of Bavaria becomes ruler of the Palatinate of the Rhine 
 •  1668-Fire in Wiener Hofburg in Vienna, emperor Leopold I rescued 
 •  1672-Joan Blaeu publishers destroyed by fire in Amsterdam 
 •  1685-George Frideric Handel is born
 •  1778-Friedrich von Steuben joins Continental Army at Valley Forge
 •  1781-George Taylor, signer of the US Declaration of Independence, dies
 •  1792-Humane Society of Massachusetts incorporated (erected life-saving stations for distressed mariners) 
 •  1804-Conspirators against Napoleon Bonaparte, for restoration of Louis XVIII 
 •  1813-The Boston Manufacturing Company, first U.S. raw cotton-to-cloth mill, is founded in Waltham, Massachusetts[ed- month & day correct?]
 •  1820-Cato Street conspiracy uncovered
 •  1821-College of Apothecaries -- the first U.S. pharmacy school -- organized in Philadelphia 
 •  1836-Santa Anna (and 3,000 Mexicans) begins his siege of the Alamo -- entire garrison of 182 Texans eventually killed after 13 days of fighting
 •  1846-Polish revolutionaries march on Cracow, but are defeated 
 •  1847-Battle of Buena Vista: U.S. troops, led by Zachary Taylor, beat Mexican army
 •  1848-John Quincy Adams dies at age 80
 •  1854-Great Britain and the Orange Free State sign Orange River Convention

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 02/19/2017
Scientists unlock secrets of oldest surviving global trade map
February 03, 2017, by Staff
The origins and secrets of the 17th Century 'Selden Map of China' – the world's oldest surviving merchant map – have been revealed by scientists using state-of-the-art imaging techniques.

Research led by Nottingham Trent University, in collaboration with the Science Section of the Victoria and Albert Museum, has for the first time been able to identify everything from the materials and techniques used, to the mistakes and re-drawings made by the cartographer.

posted on Colonial Sense: 02/19/2017
SC battlefield preservation group to meet in Clinton
January 29, 2017, The Associated Press by Staff
A group working to identify and preserve land near Revolutionary War battlefield sites in South Carolina plans to hold an informational meeting in Clinton.

The Herald Journal of Spartanburg reports ( the Upstate Battlefield Preservation Group will meet Tuesday to discuss properties around Cowpens National Battlefield, Kings Mountain National Military Park and Musgrove Mill State Historic Site.

posted on Colonial Sense: 02/17/2017
Locals build dioramas to illustrate Revolutionary War era
January 29, 2017, The Associated Press by David A. Murer
For the time being, Tom Allan has two dioramas stored in his garage that show an iconic place and an event from the American Revolutionary War.

The three-dimensional scene of Valley Forge is more exact in detail than the actual historic site in Pennsylvania attracting more than 2 million visitors a year. The other tableau, based on Tom Lovell’s painting “The Noble Train of Artillery,” shows patriots and oxen muscling sleds carrying heavy canons through a valley of deep snow.

posted on Colonial Sense: 02/17/2017
A Lot of What Is Known about Pirates Is Not True, and a Lot of What Is True Is Not Known.
January 15, 2017, Humanities Magazine by Mark G. Hanna
In 1701, in Middletown, New Jersey, Moses Butterworth languished in a jail, accused of piracy. Like many young men based in England or her colonies, he had joined a crew that sailed the Indian Ocean intent on plundering ships of the Muslim Mughal Empire. Throughout the 1690s, these pirates marauded vessels laden with gold, jewels, silk, and calico on pilgrimage toward Mecca. After achieving great success, many of these men sailed back into the Atlantic via Madagascar to the North American seaboard, where they quietly disembarked in Charleston, Philadelphia, New Jersey, New York City, Newport, and Boston, and made themselves at home.

When Butterworth was captured, he admitted to authorities that he had served under the notorious Captain William Kidd, arriving with him in Boston before making his way to New Jersey. This would seem quite damning. Governor Andrew Hamilton and his entourage rushed to Monmouth County Court to quickly try Butterworth for his crimes. But the swashbuckling Butterworth was not without supporters.

posted on Colonial Sense: 02/16/2017
5 Things to Know About the President Whose Portrait Donald Trump Chose for the Oval Office
January 25, 2017, Time Magazine by Olivia B. Waxman
On Tuesday, President Donald Trump picked a portrait of his predecessor Andrew Jackson to hang in the Oval Office, the New York Times reports. This is not the first time Trump has expressed admiration for the seventh president, whom he last week called “an amazing figure in American history — very unique so many ways."

Jackson was, in fact, unique. For example, he was the only president to serve in both the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. He was also a military hero, a slave-owner, a lawyer, a judge and a planter, who earned the nickname "Old Hickory" for his tenacity.

posted on Colonial Sense: 02/16/2017
How ‘Sherlock of the library’ cracked the case of Shakespeare’s identity
January 07, 2017, The Guardian (UK) by Robert McCrum
Deep in the Folger Library, in Washington DC, Heather Wolfe says that studying Shakespeare makes an ideal preparation for the onset of Trump’s America. You can see her point: Shakespeare would have revelled in the mad excesses, the sinister vanities and the pervasive stench of cronyism and corruption surrounding the president-elect as America makes the painful transition from Barack Obama.

Dr Wolfe is a willowy, bright-eyed manuscript scholar, a paleographer specialising in Elizabethan England who in certain moods of candour might put you in mind of Portia or perhaps Cordelia. She’s also a Shakespeare detective who, last year, made the career-defining discovery that is going to transform our understanding of Shakespeare’s biography. In the simplest terms, Wolfe delivered the coup de grace to the wild-eyed army of conspiracy theorists, including Vanessa Redgrave and Derek Jacobi, who contest the authenticity, even the existence, of the playwright known to contemporaries as Master Will Shakespeare.

posted on Colonial Sense: 02/15/2017
That Time Mozart Pirated A Forbidden Piece Of Music From The Catholic Church From Memory
January 09, 2017, Today I Found Out by Karl Smallwood
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is known for many things, few of which we care to cover on this site because you probably already know all about them. Instead, we prefer to cover things that you likely didn’t know, like that the alphabet song was based on a tune by Mozart, or covering his extremely adult themed works that included a bit of an obsession with all things scatological, and the significantly more family friendly subject of today- that time Mozart pirated a cherished choral arrangement from the Vatican, reportedly all from memory.

posted on Colonial Sense: 02/15/2017
What We Can Learn From 'Washington's Farewell'
January 08, 2017, NPR by Staff
On Tuesday, President Obama will give his farewell address to the nation. It's a custom that goes all the way back to George Washington; these speeches, author John Avlon says, "serve as a bookend to a presidency."

For about 150 years, Washington's farewell speech was the most famous in American history, Avlon tells NPR's Michel Martin: "It was more widely reprinted than the Declaration of Independence. And yet today, it's almost entirely forgotten."

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/19/2017
George Washington's farewell warning
January 12, 2017, CNN by John Avlon
As President Obama prepares to give his farewell address in Chicago on Tuesday, he's following a tradition begun by the first founding father.

The original farewell address was George Washington's final revolutionary act. In an open letter addressed to his "friends and fellow citizens" and published in a Philadelphia newspaper, Washington delivered the greatest scoop in American history: the first president would decline a third term and secure the peaceful transfer of power.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/19/2017
Songs of Mira Bai
January 06, 2017, The Paris Review (France) by Edward White
In 1517, Martin Luther nailed his ninety-five theses to a church door in Wittenberg and sparked the Protestant Reformation. At the same time, thousands of miles away in South Asia, a phenomenon known as bhakti was coming to its conclusion, one that slowly transformed the Hindu faith over several centuries. Just as the Reformation swapped Latin for the vernacular, and Catholic hierarchies for a more direct connection between God and His worshippers, so bhakti—“devotion,” loosely translated—rejected Sanskrit (the ancient language of the social and political elite) for regional tongues, and the didactic wisdom of the Brahmins for the evangelical fervor of ordinary people. Unlike Luther’s plans for reform, bhakti was not a conscious, deliberate movement with a coherent body of thought or doctrine but a radical spirit and style of worship that some liken to the Great Awakening in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century America, and what one historian has described as “intensely emotional, participatory, demotic and demonstrative … a glorious disease of the collective heart.” The most notable symptom of this disease was the great profusion of songs and poems created by adherents across India and Pakistan. The bhakti canon is vast and glorious. One of its greatest figures is a woman remembered as Mira Bai, whose songs have endured half a millennium, and whose singular significance in Indian society has only increased since the nation’s independence seventy years ago.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 298Online Resources Links: 611Recipes: 480
Census People: 9,800 | Pix: 4,108 (41.92%) | Countries: 9,042 (92.27%) | Dates: 2,995 (30.56%) | Bio: 8,674 (88.51%) | TLs: 541 (5.52%)/2,275 (29.30%) | Links: 8,747 (89.26%) | Gallery: 51 (0.52%) | Notes: 1,380 (14.08%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 4 | Pix: 2 (50.00%) | Countries: 4 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 4 (100.00%) | TLs: 2 (50.00%)/4 | Links: 2 (50.00%) | Gallery: 2 (50.00%) | Notes: 2 (50.00%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,406Broadsheet Archive: 2,659Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,765    Tagged: 6,295 (81.07%)   With Links: 3,923 (50.52%)   Total Links: 4,821
Colonial Quotes: 1,899Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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