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Today's Events [More]

Yuletide at Winterthur (DE)
Christmas Wreath Making (GA)
Celebrating the Fiber Arts: The Helen Geier Flynt Textile Gallery (MA)
Engraved Powder Horns from the French and Indian War and the American Revolution: The William H. Guthman Collection (MA)
Importing Splendor: Luxuries from China (MA)
Into the Woods: Crafting Early American Furniture (MA)
Irresistible. Unreserved - Skinner Auctions (MA)
Raven's Many Gifts: Native Art of the Northwest Coast (MA)
Why We Collect: Recent Acquisitions at Historic Deerfield, 2010-2017 (MA)
The Last Argument of Kings: The Art and Science of 18th-century Artillery (NY)
A Longwood Christmas (PA)
Centuries Of Childhood: An American Story (PA)
Under The Tree: A Century Of Holiday Trees And Toys (PA)
An Aug. W. Smith Christmas (SC)
A Rich and Varied Culture: The Material World of the Early South (VA)
America's Folk Art (VA)
American Furniture: From Virginia to Vermont (VA)
Architectural Clues to 18th-Century Williamsburg (VA)
Changing Keys: Keyboard Instruments for America, 1700–1830 (VA)
China of the Most Fashionable Sort: Chinese Export Porcelain in Colonial America (VA)
Color and Shape: The Art of the American Theorem (VA)
Foods & Feasts of Colonial Virginia (VA)
From Forge and Furnace: A Celebration of Early American Iron (VA)
German Toys in America (VA)
Revolution in Taste (VA)
Silver from Mine to Masterpiece (VA)
The World Made Small (VA)
We the People: American Folk Portraits (VA)

Featured Citizen [More]

John Fothergill
an English physician, plant collector, philanthropist and Quaker. His medical writings were influential, and he built up a sizeable botanic garden in what is now West Ham Park in London. He is credited with first identifying and naming trigeminal neuralgia in his work Of a Painful Affection of the Face in 1765.

Word of the Day [More]

A drink or syrup of vinegar and honey, used from Saxon times into the 19th century, as a medicine. Greek oxys, sour + meli, honey. Elyot gives one formula in THE CASTEL OF HELTHE (1533): Oximell is, where to one part of vyneger is put double so moche of honye, foure tymes as moche of water.

Daily Trivia [More]

Early Colonies
In 1685, Fort Saint Louis was established, but was gone by 1688. What is the present day location?
  1. Texas

  2. Florida

  3. Maine

  4. Missouri

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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
This magistrate is not the king. The people are the king.
— Gouverneur Morris

Latest Activity

Today13 Calendar Events added/edited
3 Census People added/edited
7 Census Links added/edited
2 Timeline and/or Link entries added/edited
11/22/1726 Calendar Events added/edited
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11/21/171 Broadsheet added
22 Calendar Events added/edited
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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

October, 2017
Antiques: Auction Results11/10/17
The House of Miller at Millbach
Architecture: Houses10/31/17
New England Weather: 1804 Storm
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times10/21/17
September, 2017
Antiques: Auction Results10/08/17
An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals09/30/17
New England Weather: The Gale of 1815
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times09/20/17
August, 2017
Antiques: Auction Results09/04/17
The White Pine Series: Connecticut
Architecture: Houses08/28/17
The White Pine Series: New York
Architecture: Houses08/28/17
New England Weather: The Meteor of 1787
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times08/17/17


This Day in Early Modern History -- November 23rd

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events


 •  1499-Perkin Warbeck, who claimed to be the lost son of King Edward IV, is hanged for allegedly trying to escape from the Tower of London.
 •  1556-King Philip II confers with Dutch financial experts 
 •  1577-Water Geuzen under Captain Slope enter Amsterdam 
 •  1584-English parliament throws out Jesuits 
 •  1700-Cardinal Giovanni Francesco Albani elected as Pope Clement XI
 •  1705-Nicholas Rowe's Ulysses premieres in London 
 •  1749-Reluctant Patriot Edward Rutledge is born
 •  1765-People of Frederick County Md refuse to pay England's Stamp tax 
 •  1804-Future US president Franklin Pierce is born
 •  1819-Future Union General Benjamin Prentiss is born
 •  1832-French take Antwerp in liberation of Belgium 
 •  1834-Hector Berlioz's Harold en Italie premieres in Paris
 •  1835-Henry Burden patents Horseshoe manufacturing machine (Troy New York)
 •  1837-Floridsdorf-Deutsch Wagram railway in Austria opens
 •  1848-Female Medical Educational Society forms in Boston 
 •  1859-Infamous outlaw William H. Bonney (aka Billy the Kid) is born in New York City


 •  1496-  Clement Marot -- Writers
 •  1641-  Anthonie Heinsius -- Governance
 •  1718-  Antoine Darquier de Pellepoix -- Astronomers
 •  1749-  Edward Rutledge -- Governance
 •  1765-  Thomas Attwood -- Composers
 •  1803-  Fyodor Tyutchev -- Writers
 •  1804-  Franklin Pierce -- Governance
 •  1821-  Charles Meryon -- Artists


 •  1499-  Perkin Warbeck -- Governance
 •  1572-   Bronzino -- Artists
 •  1616-  Richard Hakluyt -- Writers
 •  1634-  Wenceslas Coebergher -- ArtistsArchitects
 •  1682-  Claude Gelee -- Artists
 •  1804-  Ivan Mane Jarnovic -- Composers
  -  Richard Graves -- ClergyWriters
 •  1814-  Elbridge Gerry -- Governance
 •  1826-  Johann Elert Bode -- Astronomers
 •  1833-  Jean-Baptiste Jourdan -- Military
 •  1844-  Thomas Henderson -- Astronomers

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 11/21/2017
President Trump's Offer of $25,000 for a Fallen Soldier's Father Is a Page From George Washington's Playbook
October 18, 2017, Time Magazine by Lily Rothman
As part of an ongoing controversy over whether and how President Donald Trump has reached out to the families of fallen American troops, one anecdote stands out: the father of a soldier who died in Afghanstan told the Washington Post that the President, after hearing that the family was struggling financially, offered to write a personal check for $25,000.

“I wish I had it recorded because the man did say this,” the soldier’s father, Chris Baldridge, said. “He said, ‘No other president has ever done something like this,’ but he said, ‘I’m going to do it.’”

...While the private nature of such a gesture does make it difficult to fact-check Trump’s statement, the idea is not quite as unprecedented as it was framed — and at least one “something like this” moment goes all the way back to the very first President of the United States. While this episode occurred before George Washington became President (he became the first to step into that role in 1789) he was the Commander-in-Chief at the time, and the record shows that he did send money to a grieving family in need.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/20/2017
Trump's praise of Columbus omits dark history
November 09, 2017, CNN by Holly Yan
Never mind the disease and slavery wrought by Christopher Columbus' voyage -- or the fact that he didn't actually "discover" the New World.

President Donald Trump's first presidential proclamation of Columbus Day gave only high praise to the 15th century explorer, a stark contrast to the proclamation made by President Barack Obama one year earlier.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/18/2017
A Territorial Land Grab That Pushed Native Americans to the Breaking Point
October 09, 2017, Smithsonian Magazine by Alicia Ault
It was one treaty too far. William Henry Harrison, at the time, governor of Indiana territory (covering present-day Indiana and Illinois), had for years repeatedly squeezed Native Americans, shrinking their homelands and pushing them further west through treaties that gave little compensation for the concessions. In just five years—1803 to 1808—he had overseen 11 treaties that transferred some 30 million acres of tribal land to the United States.

But Harrison’s 1809 Treaty of Fort Wayne—which ceded about 2.5 million acres for two cents an acre—ignited a resistance movement.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/17/2017
How America's First Jewish Commodore Saved Monticello
October 01, 2017, The Daily Beast by Gil Troy
As the token Jew in America’s pre-Civil War Navy who rescued Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello, Commodore Uriah P. Levy demonstrated how far Jews could go back then—and how deeply hatred of Jews ran back then, too.

You don’t have to be Jewish to love Uriah Phillips Levy—or to wonder why this American hero remains unknown. The first Jew to reach the top naval rank of commodore, Levy fought honorably during the War of 1812, surviving British imprisonment. A pioneer in applying his era’s reforming spirit to the military, he opposed flogging as abusive. He also emerged as perhaps America’s first historical preservationist, saving Jefferson’s architectural jewel, Monticello, from decay. Today, Jefferson’s statue adorns the Capitol Rotunda thanks to Levy—the only statue there privately donated.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/16/2017
The Science Behind Mona Lisa’s Smile
October 01, 2017, The Atlantic by Walter Isaacson
Leonardo da vinci liked to think that he was as good at engineering as he was at painting, and though this was not actually the case (nobody was as good at engineering as he was at painting), the basis for his creativity was an enthusiasm for interweaving diverse disciplines. With a passion both playful and obsessive, he pursued innovative studies of anatomy, mechanics, art, music, optics, birds, the heart, flying machines, geology, and weaponry. He wanted to know everything there was to know about everything that could be known. By standing astride the intersection of the arts and the sciences, he became history’s most creative genius.

His science informed his art. He studied human skulls, making drawings of the bones and teeth, and conveyed the skeletal agony of Saint Jerome in the Wilderness. He explored the mathematics of optics, showing how light rays enter the eye, and produced magical illusions of changing visual perspectives in The Last Supper.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/14/2017
Statue of 'America's First Composer' could come down over racism claims
October 05, 2017, Fox News by Michelle Chavez
The national debate over whether controversial statues should be removed has now put a spotlight on Pittsburgh. A statue of Stephen Foster, dubbed "America's First Composer,” faces an uncertain future after calls for its removal.

The statue features the songwriter as he sits on a perch while a barefoot slave plays the banjo below him.

Foster, a Pittsburgh native who died in 1864, is known for writing songs like "Oh! Susana,” "Old Folks At Home,” and "Old Black Joe.”

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/13/2017
Why We Will Never Hear What Mozart Heard
September 28, 2017, FStor Daily by Cynthia Green
When we play one of Mozart’s or Beethoven’s compositions, or when we hear one, we probably aren’t hearing what they heard or what they thought in their heads as they composed. Their pianos were quite different from the ones we play today. Modern pianos are the product of a 600-year evolution. The instrument has evolved from the mention of Hermann Poll’s clavicembalum in 1397, through various clavichords and harpsichords to the modern grand piano.

The piano emerged between 1760-1780, overtaking the harpsichord largely because it it could play soft and loud. By 1845, the piano had reached a sound like what we hear today. But early pianos needed constant maintenance. And the piano player needed a mechanical knowledge of how they worked—things like leather dampers, oddly-placed stops to change from forte (loud) to piano (soft), and even, in some cases, a knee pedal. Changing from forte to piano with only your fingers was a radical development.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/12/2017
500 Years After Martin Luther, Does the Protestant Reformation Still Matter?
October 01, 2017, The Daily Beast by Brandon Withrow
Five-hundred years ago, a monk named Martin Luther wrote his 95 Theses and—while he likely didn’t nail it to the Wittenberg Castle Church door, as legend has it—his words launched the Protestant Reformation, setting Europe on fire—both figuratively and literally.

This Oct. 31 is the anniversary of that decisive point in history. For many Christians, this commemoration marks a dramatic shift, as never in history have old wounds between traditions felt closer to healing.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/11/2017
Why America Needs a Slavery Museum
August 25, 2017, The Atlantic by Paul Rosenfeld
[VIDEO] The Whitney Plantation near Wallace, Louisiana, is the first and only U.S. museum and memorial to slavery. While other museums may include slavery in their exhibits, the Whitney Plantation is the first of its kind to focus primarily on the institution. John Cummings, a 78-year-old white southerner, has spent 16 years and more than $8 million of his own fortune to build the project, which opened in December of last year. Cummings, a successful trial attorney, developed the museum with the help of his full-time director of research, Ibrahima Seck. The duo hope to educate people on the realities of slavery in its time and its impact in the United States today. “The history of this country is rooted in slavery," says Seck. “If you don’t understand the source of the problem, how can you solve it?”

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/10/2017
DIGGING HISTORY: City archaeologist recalls 27 years of unearthing St. Augustine’s hidden treasures
September 25, 2017, St. Augustine Record (FL) by Sheldon Gardner
Carl Halbirt, 65, has spent much of the last 27 years in the dirt … or in a hole, or in a lab somewhere in St. Augustine.

...Many people in early St. Augustine couldn’t write their stories down, so what speaks for them are the buttons, food remains, and other thing left behind, said historian Susan Parker, who has a doctorate in colonial history and is former director of the St. Augustine Historical Society.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 326Online Resources Links: 612Recipes: 481
Census People: 10,678 | Pix: 4,759 (44.57%) | Countries: 9,912 (92.83%) | Dates: 3,102 (29.05%) | Bio: 9,538 (89.32%) | TLs: 1,241 (11.62%)/3,534 (45.80%) | Links: 10,754 (100.71%) | Gallery: 52 (0.49%) | Notes: 1,617 (15.14%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 59 | Pix: 2 (3.39%) | Countries: 59 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 59 (100.00%) | TLs: 2 (3.39%)/8 | Links: 61 (103.39%) | Gallery: 61 (103.39%) | Notes: 61 (103.39%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,406Broadsheet Archive: 2,769Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,716    Tagged: 6,329 (82.02%)   With Links: 4,219 (54.68%)   Total Links: 5,241
Colonial Quotes: 2,538Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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