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Old Folk Muffin Tray
Hand painted and decorated Muffin Tray.

$350
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Nicholas Stone
an English sculptor and architect. In 1619 he was appointed master-mason to James I, and in 1626 to Charles I. During his career he was the mason responsible for not only the building of Inigo Jones' Banqueting House, Whitehall, but the execution of avant-garde funerary monuments for some of the most prominent of his era. As an architect he worked in the Baroque style providing England with some of its earliest examples of the style that was not to find favour in the country for another sixty years, and then only fleetingly.

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Wastethrift
An outrageous spendthrift. Used first by 17th century playwrights; Middleton, in A TRICK TO CATCH THE OLD ONE (1608): Hee's a rioter, a wastthrift, a brothellmaister. In 1868 H. Brandreth wrote a book entitled Wastethrifts and Workmen. Of the mode of producing them, and their relative value to the community.

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(1619-1701)
Early Colonies
The charter for the Plymouth Council for New England was incomplete when colonists departed England. Instead, a contract was drafted promising cooperation among the settlers "for the general good of the Colony unto which we promise all due submission and obedience." What has the agreement become known as?
  1. Mayflower Colonization Pact

  2. Plymouth Harbor Agreement

  3. Mayflower Compact

  4. Plymouth Council Accord

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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
It is impossible to please all the world.
—  Louis XIV

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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

WhatWhereWhen
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A Washington Irving Christmas
Society-Lifestyle: Holidays12/23/17
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Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times12/20/17
Barring Out
Society-Lifestyle: Holidays12/16/17 [update]
November, 2017
Antiques: Auction Results12/15/17
New England Weather: The Comet of 1680
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October, 2017
Antiques: Auction Results11/10/17
The House of Miller at Millbach
Architecture: Houses10/31/17
New England Weather: 1804 Storm
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September, 2017
Antiques: Auction Results10/08/17

This Day in Early Modern History -- January 17th

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events

Events

 •  1501-Cesare Borgia returns in triumph to Rome from Romagna 
 •  1536-Francois Rabelais absolved of apostasy by Pope Paul III 
 •  1562-Edict of St. Germain recognizes Huguenots in France
 •  1584-Bohemia adopts Gregorian calendar 
 •  1586-Battle at Boksum: Spanish troops under Juan de Tassis beat state army
 •  1595-French king Henry IV declares war on Spain 
 •  1601-France gains Bresse, Bugey, Valromey and Gex in treaty with Spain 
 •  1656-Brandenburg and Sweden sign Treaty of Königsberg
 •  1718-Avalanche destroys every building in Leukerbad, Switzerland -- kills 53 
 •  1746-Battle of Falkirk Muir: Charles Edward Stuart defeats and massacres Scots
 •  1757-German Diet declares war on Prussia 
 •  1763-John Jacob Astor is born in Germany
 •  1773-Captain James Cook becomes first to cross Antarctic Circle (66 degrees 33' S) 
 •  1775-9 old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests, Kalisk, Poland 
  -Richard Brinsley Sheridan's The Rivals premieres in London
 •  1779-Captain James Cook's last notation in Discovery's log 
 •  1781-Battle of Cowpens, South Carolina
 •  1821-Mexico permits Moses Austin and 300 U.S. families to settle in Texas 
 •  1827-Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington, appointed British supreme commander 
 •  1829-Anne Bronte is born in England
 •  1832-Johannes van den Bosch appointed Governor-General of Dutch-Indies 
 •  1852-British recognize independence of Transvaal (South Africa)

Births

 •  1504-   Pius V -- Clergy
 •  1574-  Robert Fludd -- Writers
 •  1612-  Thomas Fairfax -- Military
 •  1709-  George Lyttelton -- Writers
 •  1712-  John Stanley -- Composers
 •  1726-  Hugh Mercer -- MilitaryPhysicians
 •  1728-  Johann Gottfried Muthel -- Composers
 •  1733-  Thomas Linley the Elder -- Composers
 •  1771-  Charles Brockden Brown -- Writers
 •  1791-  Antoine-Jean Saint-Martin -- Writers
 •  1800-  Hippolyte Bellange -- Artists
 •  1802-  Josiah Quincy Jr. -- Governance
 •  1820-  Anne Bronte -- Writers

Deaths

 •  1686-  Carlo Dolci -- Artists
 •  1705-  John Ray -- Writers
 •  1731-  Jabez Hughes -- Writers
 •  1743-  Guillaume-Hyacinthe Bougeant -- Writers
 •  1766-  Francis Godolphin -- Governance
 •  1826-  Juan Crisostomo Arriaga -- Composers
 •  1829-  Adam Muller -- Writers
 •  1846-  Henry Inman -- Artists

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 01/17/2018
Hard Times At Plimoth Plantation
November 21, 2017, the Outline by Michael Hare
The ancestors. Who were they and what did they want? John Winslow (d. 1673 or 1674), for example. He arrived in America in 1621, a year after the Mayflower and a bit too late for the first Thanksgiving. What did he want?

Just now he said he wanted me to drape my napkin across my shoulder. He’s materialized behind my chair, his face full of Puritan severity, his accent Jacobean-era West Midlands. My napkin is in my lap, as is my phone, which I’ve been staring into for I’m not sure how long. This is impolite in any social setting, and especially at a 17th-century harvest feast.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/16/2018
What the Least Fun Founding Father Can Teach Us Now
November 22, 2017, The New Yorker by Alexis Coe
James Madison, who wrote the first drafts of the U.S. Constitution, sponsored the Bill of Rights, and served as the fifth Secretary of State and the fourth President, was America’s least fun Founding Father. He was also the shortest, standing roughly eye-to-eye with George Washington’s collarbone, and his unadorned black suits were forgettable next to the great general’s tailored uniforms. Madison went to the College of New Jersey, now Princeton, rather than to William and Mary—Thomas Jefferson’s alma mater—because his health was too poor to withstand the heat and humidity of lowland Virginia. There, his most daring shenanigan was writing jejune poetry in the school’s “paper wars” between rival clubs. (“[She] took me to her private room / And straight an Eunuch out I come.”) Apart from a brief flirtation with a teen-ager named Kitty—a flirtation guided, if not induced, by Jefferson, a self-appointed Revolutionary yenta—Madison had an uneventful love life. Alexander Hamilton had already married and strayed from Elizabeth Schuyler, in what would become America’s earliest sex scandal, by the time that a forty-three-year-old Madison, with the help of Aaron Burr, Martha Washington, and a cousin willing to ghostwrite love letters, wooed Dolley Payne Todd, a widow in her early twenties. Dolley, who was fond of turbans and rescued George Washington’s portrait before the British burned down the White House, was definitely the most fun thing about Madison.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/15/2018
Harley Grice and the Great Vermont Target Shoot
November 21, 2017, Popular Mechanics by James Lynch
Fifty people stand in the gravel driveway staring at the foot-thick log, fifteen inches across, propped on its side in the yard. It’s maybe thirty feet away, and its ringed face is covered with soft, rotten scars left by lead balls fired by primitive guns. The man who built this particular target—the man whose gravel we’re standing on, the man who invited us all here today—somehow attached an axe blade (no handle), cutting edge toward us, to the center of the face of the log. He’s driven two nails into the face, one on either side of the blade, and he’s hung orange clay pigeons on the nails, rusty after all these years, so that if a person were to fire a rifle and the bullet were to strike the blade dead on, the blade’s edge would bisect the bullet, sending each half flying into one of the dangling clay pigeons, shattering them.

We stand there, still as mounted trophies, only the shuffling of feet beneath craning necks, amplified by the gravel, cutting into the quiet. Men and women in a variety of leather, Under Armour, and canvas, dirt and grass from the Vermont morning across the tops of our boots. The overcast gray threatens rain. At the front of the crowd, two men. Shoulder to shoulder, one’s rough flannel next to the other’s flowing and tasseled tunic. Powder horns, bullets, and primers hang around their necks, necessities when shooting muzzleloading black-powder rifles, technology outdated by a century and a half.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/14/2018
What the first Thanksgiving dinner actually looked like
November 16, 2017, The Conversation by Julie Lesnik
Most Americans probably don’t realize that we have a very limited understanding of the first Thanksgiving, which took place in 1621 in Massachusetts.

Indeed, few of our present-day traditions resemble what happened almost 400 years ago, and there’s only one original account of the feast.

As an anthropologist who specializes in reconstructing past diets, I can say that even though we don’t have a definitive account of the menu at the first Thanksgiving, letters and recorded oral histories give us a pretty good idea of what they probably ate. And we know for a fact that it didn’t include mashed potatoes and pumpkin pie.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/13/2018
New Portrait of Lord Nelson Found, Scars and All
November 15, 2017, Smithsonian Magazine by Jason Daley
One of many Nelson portraits by Leonardo Guzzardi, the painting has been restored to include his war wounds

The average American may only be vaguely familiar with Vice-Admiral Horatio Nelson, the British Navy admiral and hero of the Napoleonic Wars. But to the United Kingdom, he is like George Washington, Ulysses S. Grant and George Patton rolled into one. In general, portraits of the genial general and naval genius show him in a flattering light. Some depict him as almost divine. But Camilla Turner at The Telegraph reports that a recent re-discovery of a long lost painting aims for realism, showing his battle scars and war-weary face in a way other artists avoided.

Turner reports that the image is a painting completed by Italian artist Leonardo Guzzardi in 1799. It is one of a series of portraits painted by Guzzardi depicting the naval hero. In his paintings, Guzzardi did not shirk from showing the wounds on Nelson’s face or his missing arm (after losing it in battle, he apparently returned to giving orders just half an hour after the amputation, according to personal accounts). But over the years, institutions that own those portraits, some of which just show Nelson’s face and some of which depict his entire figure, painted over or lightened the facial disfigurement.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/12/2018
Teenager’s bones found at Eigg Massacre Cave, tests confirm
November 09, 2017, The Scotsman (Scotland) by Alison Campsie
Tourists discovered around 50 bones in the cave, the scene of a mass killing of members of the Macdonald clan in the late 16th Century, last year.

Initial tests suggested the bones dated to between 1430 and 1620, potentially placing them to the time of the massacre which wiped out almost the entire population of the island.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/11/2018
George Washington's famous Revolutionary War tent found in newly-discovered painting
November 15, 2017, Fox News by James Rogers
A recently discovered 235-year-old panoramic painting has revealed the only known wartime depiction of George Washington’s Revolutionary War field tent.

The seven-foot painting, which was recently purchased at auction by the Museum of the American Revolution, shows the Continental Army’s encampment at Verplanck’s Point, New York, in the fall of 1782.

The previously unidentified painting was spotted by curators from the Museum, who purchased it at Heritage Auctions in May.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/10/2018
Leonardo da Vinci painting sells for $450m at auction, smashing records
November 16, 2017, The Guardian by Edward Helmore
Salvator Mundi, the long-lost Leonardo da Vinci painting of Jesus Christ commissioned by King Louis XII of France more than 500 years ago, has sold at Christie’s in New York for $450.3m, including auction house premium, shattering the world record for any work of art sold at auction.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/09/2018
Puritans' 'luxury items' unearthed in Boston
November 15, 2017, Fox News by James Rogers
Archaeologists in Boston have unearthed surprising luxury items from the 17th century, shedding new light on the lives of Puritans in the city.

Items found include an extravagant fragment of 17th-century Venetian glassware and part of an Italian plate decorated with a flower that dates from around 1630, which may be the oldest piece of European ceramic ever found in Boston.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/08/2018
Pop-Up VR Museum to Bring Dutch and Flemish Masterpieces to the Masses
November 08, 2017, Smithsonian Magazine by Meilan Solly
Virtual reality’s presence in the art world is nothing new—world-class institutions ranging from the British Museum to the Metropolitan Museum of Art and Tate Modern rely on VR to offer tours of their collections or enhance existing exhibitions. But what makes the new Kremer Museum especially notable is that every aspect of the experience, from its ornate golden frames to domed atrium and painstakingly recreated paintings, is virtual.

According to Brian Boucher of artnet News, collectors George and Illone Kremer, who have spent more than 20 years amassing works by Rembrandt van Rijn, Frans Hals and other Old Masters, decided to create the digital gallery in conjunction with their son Joël and architect Johan van Lierop

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 236Online Resources Links: 612Recipes: 481
Census People: 10,782 | Pix: 4,840 (44.89%) | Countries: 10,014 (92.88%) | Dates: 3,115 (28.89%) | Bio: 9,642 (89.43%) | TLs: 1,282 (11.89%)/3,593 (46.55%) | Links: 10,959 (101.64%) | Gallery: 52 (0.48%) | Notes: 1,654 (15.34%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 59 | Pix: 2 (3.39%) | Countries: 59 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 59 (100.00%) | TLs: 2 (3.39%)/8 | Links: 61 (103.39%) | Gallery: 61 (103.39%) | Notes: 61 (103.39%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,406Broadsheet Archive: 2,787Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,718    Tagged: 6,336 (82.09%)   With Links: 4,248 (55.04%)   Total Links: 5,273
Colonial Quotes: 2,594Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5
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