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Today's Events [More]

Yuletide at Winterthur (DE)
Made in the Americas: The New World Discovers Asia (DE)
Holidays at Hagley (DE)
Holidays at the Amstel and Dutch Houses (DE)
Embroidery: The Language of Art (DE)
Scott Antique Show (GA)
Reynolds Mansion Holiday Celebration (GA)
Seminole Tour of Lights (GA)
Christmas by Candlelight (GA)
18th Century Christmas at the Fort (KY)
Aprons, Robes, and Thrones: Fraternal Regalia Catalogs in the Library & Archives Collection (MA)
Into the Woods: Crafting Early American Furniture (MA)
Engraved Powder Horns from the French and Indian War and the American Revolution (MA)
Getting Ready for a Winter's Ball: Special Evening Tour (MA)
Yuletide Open House Tours at Storrowtown (MA)
The Art & Mystery of the Dollhouse (MA)
Holiday Madrigal Dinners (MD)
German Christmas Tours - Jonathan Hager House Museum (MD)
Illuminated London Town (MD)
Christmas Open House and Greens Sale (MD)
Winter Auction of Fine and Decorative Arts Featuring the Robert Hudson Collection - Dirk Soulis Auctions (MO)
Vieux Noel in Lights (MO)
Richard Dobbs Spaight: Legacy of a North Carolina Founding Father (NC)
Holiday Tours at Tryon Palace (NC)
Preservation Chapel Hill 2016 Holiday House Tour (NC)
Christmas Lantern Tour (NJ)
Holiday Decorations at the Stickley Museum (NJ)
Ruidoso Antique Show (NM)
Yuletide in the Country (NY)
Shaker Christmas Craft Fair (NY)
Americana: Timed Bidsquare Auction - Cowan's Auction (OH)
Dunham Tavern Museum Candlelight Celebration (OH)
Americana Auction - Uncataloged and Unreserved Live Salesroom-Only Auction - Cowan's Auction (OH)
Christmas Folk Art Show (PA)
Heritage Holidays Tours at the Baker History Mansion Museum (PA)
Christmas Feast Show and Sale (PA)
Twelfth Night Tours at Pottsgrove Manor (PA)
28th Annual Mifflinburg Christkindl Market (PA)
A Longwood Christmas (PA)
Winter Wonderland: Holiday Decorations At Fonthill (PA)
Classical Splendor: Painted Furniture for a Grand Philadelphia House (PA)
Under the Tree: A Century of Holiday Trees and Toys (PA)
Boone’s Christkindlmarket (PA)
12th Annual Christmas Tree Ship (PA)
Christmastime for Children (PA)
Holiday Open House Fairmount Park (PA)
East Hills Moravian Church Christmas Putz (PA)
Christmas at Fort Hunter (PA)
Christmas at the Newport Mansions (RI)
An Aug. W. Smith Christmas: Featuring "Twas The Night Before Christmas" Window Displays (SC)
“Queen of Hearts: Dolley Madison in Popular Culture” (VA)
"Bartering for a Continent: How Anglo-Indian Trade Shaped America" Special Exhibition (VA)
A Colonial Christmas (VA)
Holiday Candlelight Tour - Poplar Forest (VA)
Christmas at Mount Vernon (VA)
Centuries of Christmas at Berkeley Plantation (VA)
16th Annual Onancock Christmas Homes Tour (VA)
Monticello Holiday Evening Tours (VA)
Christmas at Oatlands Historic House and Gardens (VA)
Wreath Making at Oatlands (VA)

Featured Citizen [More]

Adam Friedrich Oeser
a German etcher, painter and sculptor. In Dresden, he studied and created portraits and scenes for the Royal Opera, and mural paintings in Schloss Hubertusburg. In 1756 Count Heinrich von Bünau commissioned him to decorate the newly built Schloss Dahlen.

Word of the Day [More]

Pedlers French
The canting language, the special speech of the beggars, vagabonds, and thieves of Tudor times. It is used, to some extent, in plays of the period, and especially in the pamphlets and broadsides of the day. Both Thomas Harman in A CAVEAT OR WAKENING FOR COMMON CURSETORS, VULGARELY CALLED VAGABONDES (1567) and Thomas Dekker in LANTHORNE AND CANDLE-LIGHT (Part Two of THE BELMAN OF LONDON; 1609) discuss it in detail. Some of its words are from Latin: Togeman, a cloak, from toga; pannam, bread, from panis; cassan, cheese, from caseus. Others of the words follow, lightmans, day; darkmans, night; the harmans, the stocks; the harman beck, the constable; grannam, corn; ruffmans, bushes, woods, hedges, chete, thing, in many compounds as smelling-chete, a nose, also an orchard or garden; nab, head; nab-chete, cap; prattling chete, tongue; crashing chetes, teeth; fambles, hands; fambling chete, a ring; belly chete, apron; grunting chete, pig. prat, a buttock (we still speak, in the circus, of a pratfall) ; stampes, legs; stampers, shoes. A cove (cofe, co, cuffin) was a man; a mort was a woman. Hence patriarke co, patrico, priest, especially a hedgepriest; gentry cofe, a nobleman; kinchin co, a boy, also kitchen co. kinchin mort, a girl; especially, the baby girl carried by a beggar woman to win pity and elicit pence; "she is brought at her full age to the upright to be broken, and so she is called a doxy until she come to the honor of an altham." autem, altar, church; autem (altham) mort, married woman. Rome mort, queen; Rome bowse, wine; Rome vile (French ville, city), London, ken, house; quier, queer, quyer, evil; quier ken, prison; quier cuffin, justice of the peace, bowsing ken, tavern; stauling ken, place that will receive stolen goods. To cut, cutte, to say; to cant, to speak; to towre, to see, to maunde, ask; to prig, ride; to nygle, niggle, to have to do with a woman carnally. Chief among beggars was the upright, the master vagabond; his staff was called a filtchman. The jarkeman (jackman) could read and write; he provided (counterfeit) licenses, called gybes; the seals he affixed were called jarkes. The frater carried a gybe to beg for a hospital (spittlehouse). The curtsey man was a polite beggar with a piteous tale. The verser (cp. gramercy) was a thief's confederate, steering the victim (verse, to turn) into the snare. A ruffler was, or claimed to be, a veteran of the wars; a whipjack, an old mariner. These terms but scratch the surface of the Elizabethan underworld, yet in some measure I have -- if I may quote Harman -- set before thee, good Reader, the leud lousey language of these leutering luskes and laysy lorels ... an unknowen tounge onely but to these bold, beastly, bawdy beggers and vayne vacabonds.

Daily Trivia [More]

(1775-1783)
American Revolution
How many people signed the Declaration of Independence?
  1. 13

  2. 23

  3. 56

  4. 36

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Daily Colonial Quote

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
I own myself the friend to a very free system of commerce, and hold it as a truth, that commercial shackles are generally unjust, oppressive and impolitic it is also a truth, that if industry and labour are left to take their own course, they will generally be directed to those objects which are the most productive, and this in a more certain and direct manner than the wisdom of the most enlightened legislature could point out.
— James Madison
Speech to the Congress, April 9, 1789

Latest Activity

Today143 Census People added/edited
3 Census Links added/edited
27 Timeline and/or Link entries added/edited
12/08/1680 Census People added/edited
2 Census Links added/edited
15 Timeline and/or Link entries added/edited
12/07/1642 Census People added/edited
32 Timeline and/or Link entries added/edited
12/06/1624 Census People added/edited
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12/05/165 Calendar Events added/edited
22 Census People added/edited
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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

WhatWhereWhen
The White Pine Series: Vermont
Architecture: Houses12/01/16
The White Pine Series: Connecticut
Architecture: Houses12/01/16
The White Pine Series: New York
Architecture: Houses12/01/16
New England Weather: The Storm of 1774
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times11/22/16
October, 2016
Antiques: Auction Results11/14/16
Travels in the American Colonies: Cuthbert Potter's Journal
Regional History: Journals11/06/16
Travels in the American Colonies
Regional History: Journals11/06/16
New England Weather: The Storm of October 20, 1770
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times10/19/16
September, 2016
Antiques: Auction Results10/14/16
New Berlin Antiques, Arts and Crafts Show
Architecture: Towns10/03/16

This Day in Early Modern History -- December 9th

click on      for links to additional information; or go to the Timeline for more events
 •  1531-Juan Diego, an Indian peasant in Mexico, encounters a blinding light and unearthly music and sees the apparition that will be known as The Virgin of Guadalupe. Later the image of the Virgin is found imprinted inside Juan's cloak
 •  1570-Geuzen under Herman de Ruyter occupies Loevestein
 •  1625-Netherlands and England sign military treaty
 •  1640-Settler Hugh Bewitt banished from Mass colony when he declares himself to be free of original sin
 •  1658-Dutch troops occupy harbor city Quilon (Coilan) India 
 •  1688-King James II's wife and son flee England for France 
 •  1724-Colley Cibber's Caesar in Egypt premieres in London
 •  1738-Jews are expelled from Breslau Silesia 
 •  1747-England and Netherlands sign military treaty 
 •  1762-British parliament accept Treaty of Paris 
 •  1775-Patriots gain control of Virginia
 •  1783-First execution at English Newgate-jail 
 •  1793-Noah Webster establishes New York's first daily newspaper, American Minerva
 •  1805-Comet 3D/1805 V1 (Biela) approaches within 0.0366 AUs of Earth 
 •  1824-Battle of Ayacucho (Candorcangui), Peru defeats Spain
 •  1835-The Texan Army captures San Antonio
 •  1854-Alfred, Lord Tennyson's poem, Charge of the Light Brigade, published

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 12/01/2016
Archaeologists think they found Pilgrims' original settlement
November 23, 2016, The Associated Press by Staff
Every American schoolchild knows the Pilgrims landed in Plymouth in 1620, but exactly where has been elusive.

Archeologists from the University of Massachusetts Boston tell The Boston Globe they have discovered what is believed to be part of the original settlement, based on the discovery of a calf's bones, musket balls, ceramics and brownish soil where a wooden post once stood.

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/01/2016
Donald Trump, George Washington and the President’s Cabinet
November 21, 2016, Time Magazine by Lindsay M. Chervinsky
For the last week, stories on President-Elect Trump’s potential cabinet nominees have filled the news, and with good reason. Cabinet secretaries exercise enormous power—they define and enforce policy with a great degree of autonomy. Yet none of these stories mention the fact that the Constitution did not create the cabinet, nor did Congress authorize it through legislation. In fact, no legal authority establishes the cabinet as an advisory body or regulates the relationship between the secretaries and President.

The cabinet’s absence from the nation’s governing documents was no mistake. During the Federal Constitutional Convention in 1787, the delegates rejected proposals that would have created a privy council to advise the President. Instead, they adopted Article II, Section 2 of the Constitution, which provides two options for the president to obtain advice. First, the President can request written advice from the department secretaries. Second, the President can consult with the Senate on foreign affairs. The Constitution, a document of enumerated powers, does not provide any other means for the President to obtain advice from government officials.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/25/2016
Smell the Revolution: Rum-scented mug among museum’s items
November 23, 2016, The Associated Press by Megan Trimble
History buffs will be able to peer into the eyes of a “most excellent likeness” of George Washington and get an actual whiff of the Revolutionary War when Philadelphia’s Museum of the American Revolution opens next year.

Curators have scoured the country for the priceless artifacts to display in the museum, including a 1770s-era creamware mug that stills smells of rum, due to the material it’s made of. The vessel was created to celebrate Boston’s fight for liberty.

“It’s like having a little surround-smell of the revolution,” said R. Scott Stephenson, the museum vice president of collections, exhibitions and programming.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/25/2016
Where Did The Saying “I’ll Eat My Hat” Come From?
November 11, 2016, Today I Found Out by Karl Smallwood
“I’ll eat my hat” is an utterance commonly used when a person is absolutely certain that something will not happen. But where did this unusual phrase first originate and have there ever been any recorded instances of people actually eating their hats after being proven wrong?

According to the venerable Oxford English Dictionary, the earliest known example of the phrase comes from the 1762 book Homer Travestie, by Thomas Bridges.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/22/2016
Stash of Sun King's valuables found close to Arctic in Siberia
November 17, 2016, The Siberian Times (Russia) by Olga Gertcyk
The French find and other intriguing and varied items were made during a dig in Yamalo-Nenets autonomous region, close to the Taz River. Exactly how the 'jetons' which bear Louis XIV's image came to this remote part of Siberia is not known.

One theory as to how the 'coins' reached Russia is that the tsarist government bought metal from items no longer used in European countries. Possibly they were bartered by Russians to the Northern Selkups, who were hunters and fishermen, who also herded reindeer.

Louis XIV reigned France from 1643 to 1715.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/22/2016
Possible ‘first encounter’ Aboriginal shield uncovered in Berlin
November 10, 2016, The New Daily (Australia) by Staff
An Aboriginal mission to Europe to negotiate the return of centuries-old artefacts has made a shock discovery in a Berlin museum, uncovering a shield and boomerang that could date from the first encounter between Aboriginal people and James Cook in Botany Bay in 1770.

The crowd-funded team’s primary mission was to secure the return of the historic ‘Gweagal shield’ from the British Museum.

But on the Berlin leg of their journey they stumbled upon an almost identical shield, as well as a boomerang, hidden away in the collection of the city’s Ethnological Museum.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/15/2016
Meet the Only First Lady Before Melania Trump Not to Have Been Born in the U.S.
November 09, 2016, Time Magazine by Olivia B. Waxman
With Donald Trump’s victory on Election Day, Slovenia-born Melania Trump moves into line to be the second-ever First Lady of the United States to be born outside of the United States. London-born Louisa Adams, wife of sixth U.S. president John Quincy Adams, was the first.

Adams was born Louisa Catherine Johnson, in London, to an American merchant father and English mother on Feb. 12, 1775—just two months before the first shots of the Revolutionary War are fired at the battles of Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts. The family moved to Nantes, France, when she was 3 because her father “was a proud American patriot unafraid to show his allegiance, which meant that it became neither safe nor profitable or him to live” in London, as explained by Louisa Thomas’s biography Louisa. Incidentally, it was there that they entertained John Adams and his son John Quincy Adams, then about 4 years old.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/15/2016
Gold coins from 1715 shipwreck hit the market
November 08, 2016, The Associated Press by Staff
A New Orleans investment firm has begun marketing gold coins from a 300-year-old shipwreck discovered off Florida’s coast.

Blanchard and Co. is one of two dealers offering the coins from an area where eleven treasure-laden ships of a Spanish fleet were smashed onto reefs by a hurricane on July 31, 1715. The other dealer is California-based Monaco Rare Coins.

John Albanese, a New Jersey-based coin expert who brokered the sales, said in an interview Friday that most of the 295 coins being offered were found by divers exploring the area last year on the 300th anniversary of the disaster.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/13/2016
Did Shakespeare write Henry V to suit London theatre's odd shape?
November 10, 2016, The Guardian (UK) by Maev Kennedy
The battle scenes of Shakespeare’s Henry V may have been written to suit the long, narrow stage of the Curtain, one of the earliest purpose-built theatres in London.

The foundations of the theatre in Shoreditch have been excavated, revealing that it was a rectangular building with a stage about 14 metres long and five metres deep – a different shape from the “wooden Os” of Shakespeare’s more famous theatres on the South Bank, the Globe and the Rose.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/13/2016
The Uncomfortable Truth About Slavery in the North
October 31, 2016, Time Magazine by Christy Clark-Pujara
Slaveholding and the business of slavery undergirded the economy of British North America and later the United States. Historians long have demonstrated that the institution of slavery was central to the social and economic development of the northern colonies and states; and since the 1990s there have been a number of studies on how white northerners used slave labor and were key participants in the business of slavery—the buying and selling of people and goods that sustained plantations throughout the Americas. Nevertheless, there is little public knowledge or acknowledgement that the institution of slavery was socially accepted, legally sanctioned and widely practiced in the North. For many Americans, slavery was a southern institution. The divide between scholarly work on northern slavery and public knowledge can be in part attributed to a lack of public education. K-12 history classes often sideline slavery and when it is discussed it is presented as a southern institution. There are also few public memorials to slavery in the North.


Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 207Online Resources Links: 611Recipes: 480
Census People: 9,330 | Pix: 3,426 (36.72%) | Countries: 8,572 (91.88%) | Dates: 2,927 (31.37%) | Bio: 8,157 (87.43%) | TLs:  | Links: 4 (0.04%) | Gallery: 4 (0.04%) | Notes: 1,371 (14.69%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 4 | Pix: 2 (50.00%) | Countries: 4 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 4 (100.00%) | TLs:  | Links: 4 (100.00%) | Gallery: 4 (100.00%) | Notes: 4 (100.00%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,405Broadsheet Archive: 2,637Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,782    Tagged: 6,303 (80.99%)   With Links: 3,850 (49.47%)   Total Links: 4,724
Colonial Quotes: 1,899Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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