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EXCEEDINGLY RARE AND IMPORTANT SIX GALLON STONEWARE WATER COOLER with Profuse Incised Decoration of Birds Feeding in a Flowering Tree, Signed "Morgan Maker / Balt," William Morgan, Baltimore, MD, circa 1822-1827, cylindrical cooler with tapered shoulder, rounded rim, and large handles, the base with highly-unusual stepped bung hole, embellished with impressed circles and cobalt highlights. Front of cooler masterfully-decorated with a large and well-detailed incised design of two large birds perched in a flowering tree, which emanates from the cooler's bunghole. Tree includes scrolled branches, which form a heart around the birds, large leaves with serrated edges, and intricate vining at the base of the branches. The two birds, accented with nicely-incised feather detail and hollow eyes, are depicted feeding on the tree's flower blossoms in vertically-reaching and downward stances. The entire incised decoration is filled with bold cobalt slip, with delicate application throughout, particularly noticeable in the flower petals above the birds and leaves below. Cooler exhibits exceptional color and visually-stunning contrast with vivid cobalt set against a light-gray clay background. Circumference of shoulder decorated with a brushed cobalt band. Cobalt highlights surrounding the handles. Brushed flowering vine extending from handle-to-handle on reverse.?

Arguably the finest surviving example of early Baltimore stoneware, this water cooler stands among the highest-quality stoneware produced in America during the period. Its pleasing form, pure gray clay body, and artfully-conceived-and-executed incised decoration, delicately filled with vibrant cobalt-oxide glaze, all combined to make this example a masterwork from the moment of its production.

This cooler's manufacturer, William Morgan, was a second-generation Baltimore stoneware potter, the son of Thomas Morgan, who brought stoneware manufacturing to the city. By 1818, William had taken over ownership of the shop alongside Thomas Amoss (a mostly-absentee partner after leaving for Henrico County, VA, the same year) and seems to have brought a new quality standard to the pottery. In 1822, William Morgan assumed sole ownership of the pottery after Thomas Amoss's death. While this shop's work has long been admired by collectors for its unusually-pure gray clay, a recent discovery has revealed that William Morgan was, in fact, aware that his clay source gave him a unique advantage among American stoneware manufacturers. On August 25, 1820, Morgan and Amoss advertised in part, "M & A have the satisfaction to inform their old customers as well as all others who purchase stone ware that they have lately purchased the exclusive privilege of two pits of fine clay, which upon trial has been found to make ware, which excels in beauty any thing of the kind now made, or perhaps ever was made in this country, out of which they intend to manufacture the most of their ware, as long as the pits will hold out."??While the Morgan pottery's clay supply indeed created a uniquely beautiful medium for this water cooler, its skillful decoration makes it one of the premiere surviving examples of stoneware from this period. Although most stoneware from this shop displays crisp slip-trailed decoration, this vessel exhibits an incised bird scene, which was clearly influenced by Manhattan-trained Henry Remmey, who arrived in Baltimore at the start of the War of 1812. A small group of surviving vessels with incised bird scenes manufactured by Remmey or his son Henry Harrison in Baltimore stand among the finest-known American stoneware of the period.??However, on this water cooler, William Morgan executed the Remmey-style incised bird decoration to perfection, rivaling and arguably exceeding the visual appeal of any known Remmey product. Utilizing the entire front of a six-gallon vessel (the largest of any incised Baltimore stoneware known), Morgan implemented a beautiful design, which he clearly planned to maximize the space on this water cooler. A forked tree trunk emanates directly from the stepped-and-ornamented spigot hole, with each fork curving to either side, ornamented similarly with vines, leaves, and hanging flowers. A bird perches on each fork. The entire decoration is carefully washed in cobalt-oxide with the glaze remaining within the crisp incising. Morgan cleverly left unglazed areas to maximize the visual appeal of this decoration, namely on the spigot hole, on the birds' wings, tail feathers, and eyes, and on the leaves' veins.??The quality of this water cooler clearly attests to a special purpose and surprisingly, with this example its initial purpose is well known. Created as an ice water fountain for Mrs. Robinson's hotel in Annapolis (now the well-known historic Maryland Inn on Church Circle), this water cooler served its purpose in the hotel for over six decades. The present owner's grandfather, Thomas Moors (born circa 1852), retrieved this water cooler when it was being discarded from The Maryland Inn (then The Maryland Hotel) while he was delivering milk to the establishment. Family history dictates that Moors had previously seen it serving iced water in the hotel's lobby and that he retrieved it circa 1888. However, it is possible that this water cooler was discarded concurrent with the hotel's public auction in 1890. The Maryland Inn is currently listed on Maryland Inventory of Historic Properties, described as "One of Annapolis's focal points visually and socially, as Inn was and is the meeting place for visitors and members of the Maryland General Assembly."

Provenance: Served as the ice water fountain in the lobby of the historical Maryland Inn in Annapolis for over sixty years. Acquired by the consignor's grandfather from the Maryland Inn circa 1888. Recently discovered in the consignor's home in Florida. Approximately 3" hairline from rim. 6" hairline on underside, continuing 5" up base of cooler to left of bunghole. (This hairline is difficult-to-see on the cooler's front, as the line is tight and mostly obscured by the cobalt on the left side of the bunghole.) Two very minor chips to inner edge of bunghole. H 17". Sold at Crocker Farms July 20, 2013.

Price realized: $230,000

MONUMENTAL DOUBLE HANDLED PRESENTATION STONEWARE JUG, INSCRIBED "S.A.H. / 1847," attributed to Smith & Day, Norwalk, CT, approximately six-gallon jug of highly ovoid form with tooled shoulder, semi-squared spout, and open handles, decorated on the front and back with a slip-trailed dot and scalloped drape design. One side inscribed in cobalt "S.A.H. / 1847". Reverse decorated with a stylized foliate design, above the initials "S.A.H.," underscored by leafy accents. Excellent size and form, featuring a highly unusual presentation inscription. Provenance: A fresh-to-the-market example recently found in New England. Excellent, essentially as-made condition, with a tiny in-the-firing chip to front, a smooth in-the-firing chip to spout, and a small, shallow chip to top of spout. H 19 1/2". Sold at Crocker Farms July 20, 2013.

Price realized: $3,450

EXCEEDINGLY RARE AND IMPORTANT DIMINUTIVE STONEWARE JUG with Profuse Incised Decoration of a Federal Eagle, Incised "NEW YORK / Octr. 25 / 1802," Remmey or Crolius Family, Manhattan, NY, tapered jar with inset rim, incised banding, and large, semi-lunate handles with original holes. Front decorated with a large incised and cobalt-highlighted Federal eagle with striped shield across its chest and stars accenting its neck, the figure holding an olive branch and arrows in opposing talons. Reverse incised with a flower extending from a curved stem with splayed leaves, also highlighted in cobalt slip. Shoulder with incised and cobalt-highlighted drape design. Base incised in block letters "NEW YORK". Area below one handle incised with the date "Octr 25," overlain with heavy cobalt slip; opposite handle incised with the year "1802," also accented with cobalt slip. This important jar, recently found in the Southeastern U.S., is one of the most significant discoveries in Manhattan stoneware of the past several decades. Figural decorations of this quality are extremely rare on Manhattan stoneware products, as the vast majority of pieces produced in the city bear incised floral or simple brushed decorations. The eagle decoration on this jar is also believed to be the earliest depiction of a Federal eagle on an intact example of American stoneware, made twenty years after the eagle was chosen as a national symbol. This iconic image would become more widely popular among American stoneware potteries with incised work by the 1820s, followed by slip-trailed, brushed, stenciled, and molded designs from the 1830s until the end of the century. True to the Manhattan style is the floral design on the reverse, with distinctive splayed, scallop-edged leaves, most commonly associated with the Remmey and Crolius families of Manhattan. Variants of this design can be found on jars, jugs, and pitchers, bearing Clarkson Crolius, Sr. and John Remmey, III maker's marks. It is possible that this jar may have been made by a family member at either shop, or at the shop of another relative. The rare form and size of this example, reminiscent of extant Crolius fruit jars and Commeraw oyster jars, suggests it may have been used for canning purposes. Early Manhattan stoneware pieces of this quality rarely surface today. Most were gathered by early collectors and have resided for decades in the collections of the nation's most prominent museums, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the New York Historical Society, and the Smithsonian Institution. A highly significant recent discovery from the nation's most famous center of early stoneware production. Provenance: Recently found in the Southeastern U.S. Chipping to rim. Shallow chips to bottom edge, most or all of which likely occurred in the firing. Glazed-over iron ping to front. Tiny iron ping to end of one handle. 2" faint hairline from rim. Faint 1 1/4" line from rim on reverse, partially visible on interior. H 5 1/2". Sold at Crocker Farms July 20, 2013.

Price realized: $195,500

EXTREMELY RARE OPEN HANDLED STONEWARE JAR with Impressed Drape and Heart Decoration, Stamped "DAVID MORGAN / NEW-YORK," early 19th century, approximately three-gallon jar with footed base, tooled shoulder, and open loop handles, decorated on the front and back with an impressed and cobalt-highlighted drape and heart design in a graduated pattern. Cobalt accents to maker's mark. Brushed cobalt highlights to handle terminals. One of a small number of signed David Morgan examples known, and one of only a few to come to auction in the past decade. One handle restored. Rim chips and a few base chips. 4 1/2" hairline from rim on side of jar. Some surface lines, which are typical of early pieces, not visible on interior, and likely occurred during the firing, including a 4" surface line near base, a 1 1/2" Y-shaped surface line, and a 3" x 3 1/2" H-shaped surface line to left side of front. Sold at Crocker Farms July 20, 2013.

Price realized: $7,475

EXCEEDINGLY RARE AND IMPORTANT PRESENTATION STONEWARE RING JUG with Incised Bird Decoration, Incised “Daniel Meritt his Ring Jug,” Crolius or Remmey Family, Manhattan, NY, early 19th century, wheel-thrown, ring-shaped jug with applied pedestal base and pouring spout; each side decorated with a large incised design of a bird with well-detailed wings and eyes, one bird perched on a leaf, the other on stylized ground. Incised decoration delicately filled with strong cobalt slip. Shoulder of jug incised with the cobalt-accented inscription for the owner of the jug, “Daniel Meritt his Ring Jug”. The “Daniel Meritt” of this jug is pretty clearly Captain Daniel Merritt (1784-1849), the only man of such a name we have found in Manhattan city directories of the time period. Born in Sing Sing, Merritt moved to Manhattan as a boy and followed in his father’s footsteps as a shipmaster. As owner of the ships "Union" and "Theodore", he ran a packet service between New York City and Greenwich, Connecticut. Merritt became somewhat notable for breaking a British blockade off of Greenwich during the War of 1812, evading the enemy ships and arriving safely at New York Harbor. Circumferential cobalt highlights to junctures of ring jug with pedestal base and spout. Additional heavy cobalt highlights to underside of pedestal and rounded lip of spout. Evidently, the cobalt slip was applied to this jug at various junctures not only as a decorative treatment, but also as a means of joining the sections of the jug together during manufacture. This newly-discovered example is important on a number of levels. To begin with, this ring jug is possibly the earliest intact American stoneware example of the form known. The majority of stoneware ring jugs in existence were produced in the South during the latter half of the 19th century, well into the 20th century. This form, which was highly unusual for the time period, may have been specially-made for Merritt’s use while at sea. The jug’s pedestal base allowed the form to be displayed vertically if so desired, but the jug could also be layed flat to keep it from tipping in turbulent waters. The style of the incised decoration, color of the clay and cobalt, as well as aspects of the form, place its origin in Manhattan, NY, sometime during the late 18th or very early 19th century. While this example may be the earliest American stoneware ring jug known, it must also be noted that it is also the first of its kind known from the city of Manhattan. The distinctive, finely-executed bird motifs on the jug indicate it was most likely produced by a member of the prominent Crolius or Remmey families of Manhattan, two of the most significant potting families in our nation’s history. A significant, historical discovery in early American stoneware. Provenance: Recently found stored in the basement of a Manhattan, NY home. A 5/8” hole on reverse with a tight 3 1/4” line extending through it. Otherwise excellent condition. H 10 1/2”. Sold at Crocker Farms July 20, 2013.

Price realized: $12,650

FINE AND RARE OPEN HANDLED STONEWARE JAR with Cobalt Watchspring Decoration, attributed to Captain James Morgan, Cheesequake, NJ, circa 1770, approximately four-gallon ovoid jar with footed base, tooled shoulder, and open loop handles, decorated on the front and back with cobalt watch spring design underscored by an early style "grape cluster" or "fish scale" decoration. Additional watch spring designs under each handle. Brushed cobalt highlights to handle terminals and cobalt band below rim. A fine example of early Morgan stoneware, featuring watch spring designs on all four sides. Attribution to Morgan is based on shards and a partially reassembled chamber pot recovered from the Morgan Pottery site in Cheesequake, NJ, by Robert J. Sim. All are now in the collection of the Monmouth County Historical Association, Freehold, NJ. Very nice condition considering its age, with both handles intact. Heavy chipping to base, primarily on one side. Some minor chips and nicks on interior of rim. An in-the-firing separation where one handle meets shoulder of jar. Sold at Crocker Farms July 20, 2013.

Price realized: $5,750

EXTREMELY RARE FOUR GALLON STONEWARE JUG with Cobalt Double Pheasant on Stump Decoration, Stamped "J. & E. NORTON / BENNINGTON, VT.," circa 1855, cylindrical jug with sloped shoulder and semi-rounded spout, the front decorated with two very large, slip-trailed pheasants with turned heads, detailed wings, and long tails, perched on the branches of a tree stump. Shading to right side of stump. One of the finest examples of this highly desirable Norton design known, exhibiting excellent color and condition on a very rare, four-gallon size. Provenance: A fresh-to-the-market example, purchased by the consignor approximately twenty years ago. Excellent condition with the following minor flaws: Shallow chip to interior of spout. Two in-the-firing lines on underside, measuring 1" and 3/4", both of which extend 3/8" onto base of jug. A few minor, shallow chips to base. Three tiny spots of surface wear to side of jug. Sold at Crocker Farms July 20, 2013.

Price realized: $26,450

EXCEPTIONAL SIX GALLON STONEWARE CROCK with Elaborate Cobalt Decoration of a Deer Flanked By Trees, Stamped "HAXSTUN, OTTMAN, & CO. / FT. EDWARD, N.Y.," circa 1870, cylindrical crock with tooled shoulder, semi-rounded rim, and applied lug handles, decorated with an extravagant, slip-trailed woodland scene featuring a large deer with turned head and spotted body, flanked by pine and leaf-bearing trees. Heavily-detailed ground below including shrubs and various ground cover. An outstanding and unusually large design, exhibiting superior color. One of the finest New York State deer designs to come to auction in the past several years. Provenance: From a twenty-five plus year private collection. Faint 1 1/2" Y-shaped surface line at maker's mark, not visible on interior. 6 1/4" crack from rim on reverse, directly to left of the left handle. 2" in-the-firing separation line at base. A chip to interior rim and some other small, shallow chips to exterior of rim. A few small base chips. Two large, smooth chips at bottom edge, which appear to have occurred in the firing, barely visible unless the crock is turned over. Sold at Crocker Farms July 20, 2013.

Price realized: $29,900

VERY RARE AND IMPORTANT PAIR OF SHENANDOAH VALLEY REDWARE WHIPPETS, Both Signed "Samuel Bell / Winchester Sept 21 1841," Winchester, Virginia origin, matched pair of molded redware whippet figures with incised details to face and paws, both dogs painted black with white-and-red eyes and red mouths, reclining atop green-painted bases with incised borders. Left whippet incised on underside in script "Samuel Bell / Winchester Sept 21 1841". Right example incised on underside in script "Samuel Bell / Winchester Sept 21 1841" and again along opposing section of underside "Winchester Sept 21 1841". Right whippet is additionally impressed twice along the base, "S. BELL," in a small-sized font. This extremely rare variation of the Samuel Bell maker's mark is believed to be the potter's earliest stamp, used only on redware pieces produced in Winchester, VA. No stoneware products have been documented bearing this mark, and it is possible that the typical "S. BELL" mark with larger font emerged shortly before Samuel left Winchester to establish his Strasburg shop in 1843.

The Bell whippet remains one of the most iconic and highly-prized forms in the genre of Shenandoah Valley pottery. Attesting to the notoriety of these figures is the gilt-accented image of a whippet, which adorns the cover of Alvin H. Rice and John Baer Stoudt's 1929 book, The Shenandoah Pottery. The stately canine form was produced on occasion by several members of the Bell family in Waynesboro, PA, Winchester, VA, and Strasburg, VA, though few examples have survived to this day. These figures are two of a small number of whippets known to have been produced by Samuel Bell relatively early in his career, while working at the shop of his father, Peter, in Winchester, VA. In 1843, Samuel would travel to nearby Strasburg and establish a prolific shop that would operate for the next seventy years.

Both of these whippets have the distinction of being the first produced by Samuel Bell in Winchester to be offered at auction in decades, if ever. Adding to the rarity of both figures are their green-painted bases, as all other previously-documented examples by Samuel are painted solid black. Both are also the only two identically dated and painted whippets known, having begun life together and remaining as such for the last one-hundred and seventy years. They carry an impeccable provenance, having descended directly to the consignor in the Williams family of land and woolen mill owners of Winchester, Virginia. Members of this family once owned land on what is now the well-known local landmark, Apple Blossom Mall, located on the South side of Winchester. It is believed that both whippets were purchased or specially-ordered directly from Samuel Bell in 1841, and have remained in the Williams family ever since. Together they represent the most significant discovery in Shenandoah Valley pottery of the past decade. Few pieces of this quality have remained unknown to the greater collecting community for so long.

Provenance: Descended in the Williams family of Winchester, VA. Family history indicates both figures were likely purchased by a Williams family ancestor directly from Samuel Bell in 1841. Condition of left whippet: Painted surface survives in excellent condition. A 1 1/4" chip to one corner, which is covered in original paint, and presumably occurred in-the-making. A 1/2" x 3/4" edge chip on reverse with a thin 2" crack extending from it. Condition of right whippet: Painted surface survives in excellent condition with only minor wear. Head reglued with thin line of painted touch-up around neck crack. Filled and colored chip on back of head. L (of each figure) 9 3/4". Sold at Crocker Farms July 20, 2013.

Price realized: $115,000

IMPORTANT AND POSSIBLY UNIQUE SIX GALLON STONEWARE JAR with Incised and Brushed Cobalt Eagle Decoration, Stenciled "HAMILTON & JONES," circa 1870, cylindrical jar with incised banding at midsection, tooled shoulder, flattened rim, and applied lug handles, the jar featuring an incised and brushed cobalt design of a spread-winged eagle, flanked by freehand flourishes and stenciled oak leaves. Additional profuse freehand decoration throughout jar, with a freehand fuchsia design at shoulder, dots below rim, and stripes throughout. Stenciled with the well-known Greensboro, PA maker's stenciling, "Hamilton & Jones," across midsection. Stenciled "6" at base. This jar is the first example of Greensboro, PA stoneware we have seen with a freehand-decorated eagle. The style of the freehand decoration and stenciled signature indicate it was produced relatively early in the partnership of John Jones and Frank Hamilton, circa 1870. It may be one of Hamilton & Jones's first attempts at producing stoneware with eagle decorations, a predecessor to their later, smaller stenciled eagle designs. It could also be seen as a response to the large stenciled Federal eagle designs employed by Frank Hamilton's uncle, James Hamilton. A significant recent discovery in Western Pennsylvania stoneware, surviving in remarkable condition. Provenance: A newly-discovered example, consigned from Texas. Excellent, essentially as-made condition with a small in-the-firing stone ping to cobalt band, which does not extend through to interior. Sold at Crocker Farms July 20, 2013.

Price realized: $20,700

EXCEEDINGLY RARE AND IMPORTANT MATCHED PAIR OF GLAZED REDWARE SPANIELS, Stamped "JOHN BELL," Waynesboro, PA origin, circa 1840-1865, pair of molded, seated spaniel figures with incised details to eyes, muzzle, teeth, and paws. Both with chains extending from neck to back, composed of small, individually-impressed circles. Figures are decorated with streaks of manganese over light yellow clay and covered in a clear lead glaze. Right spaniel impressed twice on underside "JOHN BELL," and left example impressed once on underside "JOHN BELL". This pair of spaniels is one of the most significant lots of John Bell pottery ever to come to auction. They are a true pair, made from opposing molds and identically-glazed. Few such pairs exist today. It is likely both were originally displayed as highly-prized mantel pieces, given their immaculate condition. Adding to their rarity and visual appeal is the light-colored clay that both are composed of, a variety commonly found on Bell's yellow canning jars, molds, and other forms. The majority of Bell spaniels known are molded from a more-typical, reddish-orange clay, common to 19th century redware. To our knowledge, this is the first pair of Bell spaniels to come to auction in decades. An oustanding offering from the Shenandoah Valley region. Literature: Pictured in H.E. Comstock's The Pottery of the Shenandoah Valley Region, p. 153, fig. 4.209. Excellent, essentially as-made condition with no visible flaws. H (of each) 9 1/4". Sold at Crocker Farms July 20, 2013.

Price realized: $42,550

VERY RARE TWO GALLON STONEWARE JAR with Elaborate Freehand Cobalt Decoration, Stamped "A.V. Boughner," Greensboro, PA origin, circa 1865, cylindrical jar with incised band near midsection, tooled shoulder, and semi-rounded rim, lavishly-decorated with a freehand vining, horizontal stripes at shoulder, midsection, and base, and vertical vertical stripes flanking a script "2" with graduated stripes above and below. Midsection with very rare stenciled signature "A.V. Boughner". A visually-stunning example from one of Greensboro's rarest and most highly-regarded potteries. Provenance: A fresh-to-the-market example, recently found in North Carolina. Approximately 5", very faint hairline from rim on reverse. Otherwise excellent, as-made condition with some in-the-firing dryness to upper left shoulder. Sold at Crocker Farms July 20, 2013.

Price realized: $9,200

VERY RARE AND FINE ONE GALLON STONEWARE PITCHER with Freehand Cobalt Decoration, Stenciled "Hamilton & Jones," Greensboro, PA origin, circa 1870, ovoid pitcher with tall collar accented with tooled and rounded rim, the front decorated with the crisply-stenciled maker's mark "Hamilton & Jones" with freehand wavy lines above, in between, and below. Area below collar with cobalt drape design. Collar nicely-decorated with two tulips extending from undulating, leafy stem. Spout decorated with vertically-brushed cobalt leaf design. Rim, midsection, and base with brushed freehand stripe. Decoration and style of stenciling indicate this pitcher was made during the early production years of the Greensboro firm of Hamilton & Jones. An elusive form for this prolific Western PA maker. Provenance: A fresh-to-the-market example from a forty-year Midwestern antiques collection. A shallow, colored chip to interior of spout. Two other tiny chips and a miniscule nick to spout. Two minor nicks on interior of rim on reverse. Sold at Crocker Farms July 20, 2013.

Price realized: $6,612.50

EXCEPTIONAL TANWARE PRESENTATION PITCHER, Inscribed "MISS. CATHERINE DONNERY," New Geneva or Greensboro, PA origin, fourth quarter 19th century, finely-potted pitcher with ovoid body with tall, ornately-formed collar, the pitcher's body Albany-slip-decorated with a large fuchsia vine design. Molding at center of collar featuring the name "MISS. CATHERINE DONNERY, flanked by swags and accented with flower blossoms above. Rim area decorated with solid drapes interspersed with dots. A lavishly-decorated and wonderfully-potted example with rare presentation inscription. The presumed owner of the pitcher was Catherine Donnery of Pittsburgh, PA, who is listed in the 1880 Federal Census as a native of Ireland, age thirty-nine years old. She is the mother of Mary E. Donnery, who is believed to be the owner of a second tanware pitcher in this auction. Provenance: A fresh-to-the-market example, recently found in Western Pennsylvania with another tanware presentation pitcher, inscribed "MISS MAMIE DONNERY". Excellent condition with a small chip or stone ping to side of handle. H 9". Sold at Crocker Farms July 20, 2013.

Price realized: $4,600

EXCEEDINGLY RARE ONE AND A HALF GALLON STONEWARE PITCHER with Elaborate Cobalt Floral Decoration, Stamped Twice "G. & A. Black," Somerfield, PA origin, circa 1860, highly-ovoid pitcher with tall collar, the front decorated with a finely-brushed flowering vine bearing three large tulip blossoms. Collar decorated with cobalt dashes and spout flanked by cobalt swags. Impressed on shoulder above and below a one-and-a-half-gallon capacity mark, "G. & A. Black.". The impressed maker's mark of brothers, George and Albert Black, of Somerfield, PA is considered extremely rare on any stoneware form. This newly-discovered example is one of less than five signed pitchers known by this potting firm, and features an excellent, squat-shaped form with strong decoration. One of the finest examples of Somerset County, PA stoneware to surface in many years. Provenance: A fresh-to-the-market example, recently discovered in Pennsylvania. Professional restoration to spout and area of rim to left of spout, along with a 3" restored crack or hairline descending from restoration on rim. Otherwise excellent condition with three minor base nicks. H 11". Sold at Crocker Farms July 20, 2013.

Price realized: $10,925

IMPORTANT AND POSSIBLY UNIQUE TEN GALLON STONEWARE WATER COOLER with Cobalt Decoration of Union Civil War Flag Bearer, Stamped "W.J. SCHROP / SPRINGFIELD / OHIO," circa 1865-1875, monumental, cylindrical jug with applied open handles, squared spout, and circular bunghole. Front decorated with folk art cobalt depiction of a running Union Civil War soldier with buttoned coat and kepi, carrying a large American flag with tasseled pole. The role of flag bearer, or color bearer, during the Civil War was a courageous one. Often unarmed, the flag bearer bore the responsibility of maintaining the position of a regiment during battle. (Typically, a Union regiment would have two flag bearers, one carrying the American flag, and the other carrying a unique regimental flag.) Flag bearers were stationed at the center of a unit and were essential in keeping soldiers from being separated, and, for this reason, it was important that the flag be held high and visible at all times. Besides being a landmark to follow during battle, the flag was also used to rally the troops, as well as a means of notifying a regiment of the capture of a Confederate site. The flag bearer and flag were typically protected by soldiers known as the color guard. When a flag bearer was killed, the closest member of the color guard would drop his rifle, take hold of the flag, and carry it where he was commanded to. Being unarmed, as well as a popular target of the enemy, the role of flag bearer was met with a high mortality rate. As many as six or seven flag bearers could be killed during a single battle. The image on this cooler was evidently one familiar to its maker, William J. Schrop. The potter is noted as having served a term of enlistment in the Civil War (Treichler, A History of Northeast Ohio Stoneware, p. 81). Whether Schrop served as a flag bearer or not is currently unknown. An important recent discovery in American stoneware with a rare figural decoration of great historical significance. Literature: For more information on the Schrop family of potters, see F. Robert Treichler, A History of Northeast Ohio Stoneware, 2011. For a similar form by this maker with floral decoration, see Georgeanna H. Greer, American Stonewares, 1981, p. 107. Excellent condition with discoloration around top of cooler and reverse base of cooler, consistent with floral-decorated example pictured in Greer's American Stonewares, a minor 3/4" line, a tiny chip to bung hole, and two base chips. H 24 1/2". Sold at Crocker Farms July 20, 2013.

Price realized: $6,900

VERY RARE MINIATURE STONEWARE PITCHER with Cobalt Tulip Decoration, attributed to Charles F. Decker's Keystone Pottery, Chucky Valley, TN, late 19th century, finely-potted, thin-walled pitcher with ovoid body, footed base, and tall flaring collar. Midsection embellished with two incised lines. Front decorated with a brushed vertical tulip, and spout flanked by two cobalt stripes. Inverted U-shaped stroke of cobalt above upper handle terminal. Excellent and rare form, desirable miniature size, and strong decoration. One of the finest examples of Decker stoneware to come to auction in the past several years. Provenance: A fresh-to-the-market example, recently found in Pennsylvania. Professional restoration to spout, which is difficult to see. Otherwise excellent condition. H 3 1/2". Sold at Crocker Farms July 20, 2013.

Price realized: $4,887.50

VERY RARE TWO GALLON STONEWARE PITCHER with Cobalt Floral Decoration, Stamped "M. & T. MILLER / NEWPORT, PA," circa 1870, ovoid-bodied pitcher with footed base and tall, flaring collar with heavily-tooled rim, the pitcher's body decorated with three brushed tulips, the collar decorated with four stylized leaves flanking a dash-decorated spout. A highly unusual form for this maker, the first we have ever offered. Restoration to areas of handle. Restoration to rim and large amount of surface of collar. Touch-up to 1 1/2" burn on right side of pitcher. Small chips to rim and spout. 1 1/4" glazed-over base chip. Circular contact mark to front. Some fry to cobalt. Sold at Crocker Farms July 20, 2013.

Price realized: $5,462.50

RARE SLIP DECORATED REDWARE RING JUG, North Carolina or Pennsylvania origin, 19th century, circular jug with applied spout, decorated with haphazard drips of yellow and brown slip over an orange clay ground. Surface covered in a clear lead glaze. Excellent decoration and form. 5" section reglued near base with flaking and losses to clay body on reverse. Much of this damage has been partially stabilized with a glue-like substance. A chip to interior and exterior of spout on one side and other lighter spout wear. L (including spout 8 3/4". Sold at Crocker Farms July 20, 2013.

Price realized: $3,737.50

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