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Alexander Hamilton: The Man Who Made Modern America (KY)
Celebrating the Fiber Arts: The Helen Geier Flynt Textile Gallery (MA)
Engraved Powder Horns from the French and Indian War and the American Revolution: The William H. Guthman Collection (MA)
Furniture Masterworks: Tradition and Innovation in Western Massachusetts (MA)
Inspired Design: Asian Decorative Arts and Their Adaptations (MA)
Into the Woods: Crafting Early American Furniture (MA)
The Sandwich Bazaar Flea Market (MA)
Decorative Arts Tour (MD)
Montsweag Flea Market (ME)
The Backcountry: The Cotton South and the Lower Southern Piedmont (NC)
Tea/Tour/Talk: The Stocktons and the War at the Jersey Shore (NJ)
Beyond Bullets and Blades (NY)
Adventures in Pioneer Living (PA)
Hex Signs: Sacred and Celestial Symbolism in Pennsylvania Dutch Barn Stars (PA)
Online Only Decorative Arts (PA)
Thrown, Fired and Glazed: The Redware Tradition from Pennsylvania and Beyond (PA)
Utah Patriot Camp (UT)
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Utah Patriot Camp (UT)
Ford Evening Book Talk: Brad Meltzer (VA)
TENACITY: Women in Jamestown and Early Virginia (VA)

Featured Citizen [More]

Fadrique Alvarez de Toledo [1]
a Spanish nobleman, military leader and politician. He participated in the conquest of Granada, and already as Duke, he led the Spanish army against the French in Roussillon in 1503. When Ferdinand II as regent of Castilla, decided to invade and conquer the Kingdom of Navarre, supported by a Papal bull, he put the Duke of Alva at the head of his army. Fadrique conquered Navarre in only two weeks time. As a reward, he was promoted to capitan general of Andalucía and Duke of Huescar in 1513.

Word of the Day [More]

An aromatic ointment, of ancient use; also, the plant that yielded It. See spikenard. Wycllf's BIBLE (John, xii; 1382) tells that Marie took a pound of oynement spikenard, or trewe narde, precious. Poets like the word, from John Skelton (1526) : Your wordes be more swefcr than ony precyous narde to Robert Browning (PARACELSUS, 1835) : Heap cassia, sandal-buds and stripes Of labdanumy and aloeballs, Smeared with dull nard.

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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
If a man empties his purse into his head, no one can take it from him.
— Benjamin Franklin

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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

Travels in the American Colonies: Journal of Captain Phineas Stevens' Journey to Canada, 1752
Regional History: Journals06/22/19
May, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results06/12/19
The White Pine Series: Connecticut
Architecture: Houses06/06/19
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New England Weather: 1851 Lighthouse Storm
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An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
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This Day in Early Modern History -- June 26th

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events


 •  1498-The emperor of China patents the toothbrush
 •  1541-Francisco Pizarro, governor of Peru and conqueror of the Inca civilization, is assassinated
 •  1553-Christ's Hospital in England granted a charter
 •  1630-Swedish troops under Gustav II Adolf lands at Peenemunde 
 •  1714-Spain and Netherlands sign peace/trade agreement 
 •  1721-Dr. Zabdiel Boylston gives first smallpox inoculations in America 
 •  1784-Delaware Patriot Caesar Rodney dies
 •  1794-Battle of Fleurus: France under Jean-Baptiste Jourdan beats the Coalition Army
 •  1797-Charles Newbold patents first cast-iron plow. Sales are poor, as farmers believe it will poison their soil
 •  1807-Lightning hits gunpowder warehouse in Luxembourg, killing more than 300 people
 •  1823-Ninth Postmaster General, John McLean of Ohio, takes office
 •  1843-Hong Kong proclaimed a British Crown Colony 
 •  1844-U.S. President John Tyler marries Julia Gardiner in New York City
 •  1848-First pure food law enacted in U.S. 
 •  1857-First ceremony awarding the Victoria Cross to 62 British veterans


 •  1730-  Charles Messier -- Astronomers
 •  1735-  Joseph Ducreux -- Artists
 •  1742-  Arthur Middleton -- Governance
 •  1747-  Leopold Kozeluch -- Composers
 •  1749-  John Stevens III -- InventorsLegal
 •  1763-  George Morland -- Artists
 •  1809-  Carl Nicolai Stoud Platou -- Writers
 •  1816-  George Whiting Flagg -- Artists
 •  1817-  Branwell Bronte -- ArtistsWriters
 •  1824-  William Thomson -- Inventors
 •  1834-  Walter B. Woodbury -- Inventors


 •  1762-  Luise Gottsched -- Writers
 •  1793-  Gilbert White -- Writers
 •  1796-  David Rittenhouse -- AstronomersInventors
 •  1810-  Joseph-Michel Montgolfier -- Inventors
 •  1813-  Jean-Francois Cailhava de L'Estandoux -- Writers
 •  1830-   George IV -- ClergyGovernance
 •  1836-  Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle -- ComposersMilitary
 •  1853-  Henry Cockton -- Writers
 •  1857-  Henry James Brooke -- Writers

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 06/26/2019
Notre Dame to cover 19th century Columbus murals due to portrayal of Native Americans
January 21, 2019, The Associated Press by Staff
The University of Notre Dame will cover murals in a campus building that depict Christopher Columbus in America, the school's president said, following criticism that the images depict Native Americans in stereotypical submissive poses before white European explorers.

The 12 murals created in the 1880s by Luis Gregori were intended to encourage immigrants who had come to the U.S. during a period of anti-Catholic sentiment. But they conceal another side of Columbus: the exploitation and repression of Native Americans, said the Rev. John Jenkins, president of Notre Dame.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/25/2019
Stolen Swedish royal artifacts worth $7M may have been found, police say
February 05, 2019, Fox News by Lukas Mikelionis
Swedish royal treasure from 1611 worth more than $7 million which was stolen last July might have been found by a security guard on top of a trash can in a suburb of Stockholm.

The artifacts, the so-called funeral regalia that are placed inside or on top of a coffin to symbolize a deceased royal’s identity and social ranking, were stolen last year from a Cathedral, west of Stockholm. The treasure included two crowns and an orb that was taken from an alarmed display after the glass was smashed on July 31 last year.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/24/2019
Strange carvings greeted early West Virginia explorers
January 12, 2019, West Virginia Explorer by David Sibray
When pioneers and other explorers first ventured into what would become West Virginia, they encountered artifacts of a much earlier age — carvings, burial mounds, and stone walls, the origins of which natives could not explain with certainty.

Petroglyphs inscribed in rock and featuring human and animal figures were perhaps the most striking and inexplicable finds. Mounds and earthworks could be practically accounted for as defensive or monumental — but carvings? They were certainly communications.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/23/2019
What a 16th-century mystic can teach us about making good decisions
January 18, 2019, The Conversation by Annmarie Cano
Decision-making is a complex process. As individuals, working through our daily lives, we often take a number of shortcuts that may not always serve us well. For example, we make impulsive decisions when stressed or allow others to make them for us, at times with disappointing or disastrous consequences.

But most of us can do better. Among the many decision-making methods for life’s big decisions, one that stands out is from an early 16th-century soldier-turned-mystic, St. Ignatius of Loyola.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/22/2019
Notre Dame To Cover Up Christopher Columbus Murals
January 22, 2019, The Huffington Post by Hayley Miller
The University of Notre Dame will cover up a series of murals depicting Christopher Columbus amid backlash over the paintings’ stereotypical and inaccurate portrayal of Native Americans and their relationship with white European explorers, the school announced.

The 12 murals, painted by Luigi Gregori in the 1880s, adorn the entrance of the university’s Main Building, a busy throughway that houses administration offices and some classrooms, in South Bend, Indiana.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/21/2019
How a deadly plot against George Washington became a historical footnote
January 04, 2019, The Washington Post (DC) by Brad Meltzer
They were plotting to kill George Washington. I first saw the details in a footnote. I thought it had to be fake — something made up on the Internet. But for nearly a decade, I couldn’t stop thinking about it.

Eventually, I decided to dig deeper. Some historical clues suggest that in 1776, a group of British sympathizers launched a plot to kidnap Washington; other evidence says the plan was to assassinate him. Either way, the reality was the same: At the start of the Revolutionary War, Washington’s life was in danger.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/20/2019 -- Followup
Only Surviving Arabic Slave Narrative Written in the United States Digitized by Library of Congress
January 18, 2019, Smithsonian Magazine by Brigit Katz
Omar Ibn Said was leading a prosperous life in West Africa at the turn of the 19th century, devoting himself to scholarly pursuits and the study of Islam, when he was captured, carted across the globe, and sold as a slave in Charleston, South Carolina. An autobiography that Said penned during his time in America is the only Arabic slave narrative written in the United States known to exist today. And this precious manuscript was recently acquired and digitized by the Library of Congress.

The Life of Omar Ibn Said, as the manuscript is titled, is the centerpiece of a collection that includes 42 original documents in both Arabic and English. Some, according to the LOC, were written in Arabic by a West African slave in Panama, and others were authored by individuals in West Africa.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/19/2019
Autobiography from 1831 provides rare, firsthand account of a Muslim slave in America
January 17, 2019, CNN by Eliott C. McLaughlin
He was 37 when the army of "wicked men" invaded his West African village, murdering many and absconding with others who they put on a ship for the six-week journey to Charleston, South Carolina.

"There, they sold me to a small, weak and wicked man called Johnson, a complete infidel who had no fear of God at all," scholar and slave Omar ibn Said wrote decades later in 1831, when he was in his early 60s.

His disheartening story, told a quarter-century after his arrival in Charleston, is now online after the Library of Congress acquired and published the essay, the only known surviving autobiography of a Muslim-American slave.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/18/2019
An Incredible 19th-Century Hair Collection That Nearly Became Trash
November 16, 2018, Hyperallergic by Allison Meier
Peter A. Browne believed a scientific portrait of humanity could be constructed through its hair. In the 1840’s and ’50s, the Philadelphia lawyer and naturalist procured as many specimens as he could, from figures famous and ordinary, living and dead, local and abroad. Anyone with hair was desirable for what he anticipated to be a major national collection.

Acquisitions came from patients in the Western Virginia Lunatic Asylum and Napoleon Bonaparte, from a 100-year-old man and a fetus, and from “the head of a lady which had laid 32 years in the grave.” Browne connected with missionaries, explorers, and traders who brought back hair from around the world, and on his behalf the Secretary of the Interior Alexander H. H. Stuart sent requests to agents in the Bureau of Indian Affairs. He collected from the celebrities of the day, like museum founder Charles Willson Peale and author James Fenimore Cooper, and its human oddities, such as conjoined twins Chang and Eng Bunker, and Julia Pastrana, exhibited for her hairy face and body. A few strands of George Washington’s tresses were acquired from the son of the late president’s barber, joining other examples from 13 of the first presidents. Browne even obtained samples from a convicted murderer — before and after his hanging.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/17/2019
Was Wall Street Originally the Site of a ‘Border Wall’ Meant to Protect New Amsterdam?
January 15, 2019, Snopes by David Emery
Claim: In the 17th century, New Amsterdam built a protective wall along its northern perimeter (analogous to Trump's border wall) to keep "bad hombres" out, but it failed to achieve its stated purpose in that the British successfully invaded the city by sea

Rating: Mixture

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 573Online Resources Links: 614Recipes: 481
Census People: 11,188 | Pix: 5,110 (45.67%) | Countries: 10,411 (93.06%) | Dates: 3,616 (32.32%) | Bio: 10,016 (89.52%) | TLs: 1,399 (12.50%)/3,728 (48.27%) | Links: 16,348 (146.12%) | Gallery: 55 (0.49%) | Notes: 1,745 (15.60%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 128 | Pix: 2 (1.56%) | Countries: 128 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 85 (66.41%) | TLs: 2 (1.56%)/9 | Links: 104 (81.25%) | Gallery: 104 (81.25%) | Notes: 104 (81.25%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,406Broadsheet Archive: 2,933Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,723    Tagged: 6,369 (82.47%)   With Links: 4,387 (56.80%)   Total Links: 5,523
Colonial Quotes: 2,990Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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