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Hamilton and Burr: Who Wrote Their Stories? (DE)
Holidays at the Amstel and Dutch Houses (DE)
Yuletide at Winterthur (DE)
Discovery - Interiors Online (MA)
Inspired Design: Asian Decorative Arts and Their Adaptations (MA)
"A Writer's Circle" Writers' Group (ME)
All The Creatures Were Stirring, Even The Mouse! Thomas Nast’s Furry Christmas (NJ)
12th Annual Memories of Christmas Past (OH)
Holiday Lantern Tours (OH)
A Longwood Christmas (PA)
2019 Heritage Holidays Tours at Baker Mansion (PA)
Christmas at Fort Hunter (PA)
Christmas Market (PA)
December Book Club Meeting: The Men Who Lost America (PA)
East Hills Moravian Church Christmas Putz (PA)
Forging A Link: Metalsmiths Respond To The Mercer Collection (PA)
Thrown, Fired and Glazed: The Redware Tradition from Pennsylvania and Beyond (PA)
Twelfth Night Tours (PA)
Winter Wonderland Tours (PA)
Christmas at the Newport Mansions (RI)
Centuries of Christmas at Berkeley Plantation (VA)
Forgotten Soldier Special Exhibition (VA)
TENACITY: Women in Jamestown and Early Virginia (VA)
Washington and Marshall: Federalist Forged in Battle Exhibit (VA)

Featured Citizen [More]

Henry Hammond
an English churchman, who supported the Royalist cause during the English Civil War. In 1640 he became a member of convocation, and was present at the passing of Laud's new canons. Soon after the meeting of the Long parliament, the committee for depriving scandalous ministers summoned Hammond, but he declined to leave Penshurst. He was nominated one of the Westminster Assembly, by Philip Wharton, 4th Baron Wharton. In 1643 he was made Archdeacon of Chichester, recommended by Brian Duppa.

Word of the Day [More]

Unploughed. From ear, to plough, of the same root as Greek aroein, Latin arare, to plough, till, whence English arable. William Shakespeare's 2d SONNET asks: For where is she so fair whose unear'd womb Disdains the tillage of thy husbandry? The poem is urging young Southampton to marry; there is a pun in husbandry.

Daily Trivia [More]

Early Colonies
In 1690, who erected a gristmill on Quantico Creek, starting what would become the town of Dumfries?
  1. Charles Quantico

  2. Edmund Wright

  3. George Washington

  4. Richard Gibson

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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
No morn ever dawned more favorable than ours did; and no day was every more clouded than the present! Wisdom, and good examples are necessary at this time to rescue the political machine from the impending storm.
— George Washington
Letter to James Madison, November 5, 1786

Latest Activity

Today1 Census Person added/edited
12/15/191 Census Person added/edited
12/14/191 Broadsheet added
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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

November, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results12/06/19
October, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results11/08/19
The White Pine Series: Connecticut
Architecture: Houses10/20/19
The White Pine Series: New York
Architecture: Houses10/20/19
September, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results10/08/19
Travels in the American Colonies: Minutes of Mr. Hamburgh's Journal
Regional History: Journals09/26/19
August, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results09/09/19
An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals08/23/19
July, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results08/07/19
New England Weather: 1851 Tornado
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times07/21/19

This Day in Early Modern History -- December 16th

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events


 •  1538-King Francis I of France orders renewed pursuit of Protestants 
 •  1577-Danzig surrenders to troops of Polish king Stephen Bathory 
 •  1617-Spanish viceroy Hernando Arias de Saavedra founds provinces Rio de la Plata (Argentina)/Guaira (Paraguay) 
 •  1631-Mount Vesuvius, Italy erupts, destroys 6 villages and kills 4,000
 •  1653-Oliver Cromwell sworn in as English Lord Protector 
 •  1659-General George Monck demands free parliamentary election in Scotland 
 •  1689-English Parliament adopts Bill of Rights after Glorious Revolution 
 •  1740-Prussian Libya falls to Silezie 
 •  1761-Russian army occupies Kolberg 
 •  1770-Ludwig van Beethoven is born in Bonn, Germany
 •  1773-Sons of Liberty dump British tea (Boston Tea Party)
 •  1775-Jane Austen is born  in Hampshire, England
 •  1809-Napoleon Bonaparte divorces Empress Josephine by French Senate 
 •  1811-Two 8.1 earthquakes shake New Madrid, Missouri
 •  1816-The American Colonization Society is founded
 •  1817-Leaders of Molukkas uprising hanged in Ambon 
 •  1824-Great North Holland Canal opens 
 •  1826-Benjamin W. Edwards proclaims Mexican-controlled Nacogdoches, Texas as the Republic of Fredonia and himself the ruler
 •  1832-Gustave Eiffel is born in Dijon, France [ed-might be 12/15...check!]
 •  1835-Fire consumes over 600 buildings in New York City 
 •  1838-Boers beat Zulu chieftain Dingane kaSenzangakhona in South Africa 
 •  1857-Earthquake in Naples, Italy
 •  1858-Dutch government decides to vacate Schokland Island 


 •  1534-  Hans Bol -- Artists
 •  1561-  Amandus Polanus -- WritersEducators
 •  1584-  John Selden -- Writers
 •  1599-  Jacques Vallee -- Writers
 •  1622-  Cort Adeler -- Naval
 •  1632-  Eric Benzelius the Elder -- Clergy
 •  1669-  Arnold Boonen -- Artists
 •  1704-  Giulio Cesare Cordara -- Writers
 •  1714-  George Whitefield -- Clergy
 •  1718-  Johann Tobias Krebs -- Writers
 •  1742-  Gebhard Leberecht von Blucher -- Military
 •  1762-  Mary Wells -- Writers
 •  1773-  Jose Aparicio -- Artists
 •  1775-  Jane Austen -- Writers
  -  Francois-Adrien Boieldieu -- Composers
 •  1778-  Ludwig Robert -- Writers
 •  1787-   Mary Russell Mitford -- Writers
 •  1804-  Frederic John Farre -- WritersPhysicians
 •  1826-  Giovanni Battista Donati -- Astronomers
 •  1827-  Jean Abraham Chretien Oudemans -- AstronomersWriters


 •  1515-  Afonso de Albuquerque -- ExplorersMilitaryGovernance
 •  1583-  Ivan Fyodorov -- Inventors
 •  1672-  John II Casimir Vasa -- Governance
 •  1681-  Francois Vavasseur -- Writers
 •  1687-  William Petty -- Writers
 •  1774-  Francois Quesnay -- Writers
 •  1779-  Go-Momozono -- Governance
 •  1790-  Ludwig August Lebrun -- Composers
 •  1796-  Johann Daniel Titius -- AstronomersEducators
 •  1798-  Gaetano Brunetti -- Composers
 •  1817-  Thomas Matulessy -- Military
 •  1829-  Anna Bunina -- Writers
 •  1830-  George James Davis -- Pirates
  -  William Watts -- Pirates
 •  1859-  Wilhelm Grimm -- Writers

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 12/14/2019
I was writing about colonial America’s first enslaved Africans
October 17, 2019, USA Today by Deborah Barfield Berry
It was well past midnight, but I was still wound up.

That day, I’d stood in the doorway of a slave trader’s house where, centuries ago, Angolans were forced onto ships that never returned. It felt like a boulder was stuck in my chest.

Still, I had work to do. I scribbled details in my reporter’s notebook – visitors wiping tears, shackles displayed behind glass cases, fish sizzling on glowing coals, children skipping along the sand.

At one point, I got caught up, swinging my hips and shuffling my feet in the dirt, dancing to local music with Angolans who swore I must be one of them.

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/12/2019
500 Years Later, The Spanish Conquest Of Mexico Is Still Being Debated
November 10, 2019, NPR by James Fredrick
Five-hundred years ago, two men met and changed much of the world forever.

About 500 Spanish conquistadors — ragged from skirmishes, a massacre of an Indigenous village and a hike between massive volcanoes — couldn't believe what they saw: an elegant island city in a land that Europeans didn't know existed until a few years before.

"It was all so wonderful that I do not know how to describe this first glimpse of things never heard of, seen or dreamed of before," wrote conquistador Bernal Díaz del Castillo.

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/10/2019
Mona Lisa should be 'taken down,' New York Times art critic writes, sparking mockery
November 06, 2019, Fox News by Joseph A. Wulfsohn
An art critic for The New York Times argued on Wednesday that "it's time to take down" the iconic Mona Lisa portrait from the Louvre Museum in Paris, which sparked quite the reaction on social media.

Jason Farago began by explaining the layout of the exhibit housing Leonardo da Vinci's work, but called the location of his most famous painting a "fiasco."

"The Louvre houses the greatest collection of art anywhere in Europe, within a palace that is a masterpiece in its own right," Farago explained. "Yet the Louvre is being held hostage by the Kim Kardashian of 16th-century Italian portraiture: the handsome but only moderately interesting Lisa Gherardini, better known (after her husband) as La Gioconda, whose renown so eclipses her importance that no one can even remember how she got famous in the first place."

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/08/2019
That Surprisingly Recent Time British Husbands Sold Their Wives At Market
June 30, 2019, Today I Found Out by Daven Hiskey
While getting divorced in modern times in most nations isn’t exactly a walk in the park, options at least do exist in much of the world, even in cases where one spouse would rather stay together. But this is a relatively modern phenomenon. Classically, getting divorced was almost impossible. So much so that at one point about the only way a woman could manage to get a legal divorce from her husband was to prove in court he couldn’t finish the deed in bed by, if necessary, even attempting to have sex with him with court representatives standing by to observe. (For more on this fascinating and rather hilarious method of divorce, check our our article That Time Women Could Divorce Their Husbands By Having Intercourse in Court.)

Perhaps not coincidentally around the same time these impotence trials were going on throughout parts of Europe, a rather different means of divorcing one’s spouse popped up in Britain- putting a halter around your wife, leading her like an animal to a local market, loudly extolling her virtues as you would a farm animal, including occasionally listing her weight, and then opening up bidding for anyone who wanted to buy her. On top of this, it wasn’t uncommon for children to be thrown in as a package deal…

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/06/2019
Elizabeth I unmasked as author of mysterious manuscript
November 29, 2019, Fox News by James Rogers
A researcher in the U.K. has uncovered a mysterious 16th-century manuscript written by Queen Elizabeth I — the first discovery of its type in more than a century.

The manuscript, which is in the Lambeth Palace Library in London, was discovered by John-Mark Philo Ph.D., an honorary fellow in English studies at the U.K.’s University of East Anglia. Philo made the amazing find in January 2019, when he was searching for manuscript translations of the Roman historian Tacitus.

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/04/2019
St. Patrick’s Battalion
November 15, 2010, Now I Know by Dan Lewis
When Americans think of traitors, Benedict Arnold springs to mind. But seventy years later, a much larger group of soldiers defected to the enemy. Meet Saint Patrick’s Battalion.

In 1835, Texas was still part of Mexico. That year, it seceded, forming the Republic of Texas, which includes all of the modern-day state of Texas and parts of five other western states. While the United States recognized the new country, Mexico did not; war broke out between Texas and Mexico. Texas prevailed, but Mexico was not yet through. Plans of reconquering Texas were still bubbling up, and in 1845, Texas accepted the United States’ offer to annex the Republic and make it a state. Mexico ended diplomatic relations with the U.S. over the act, and a year later, war broke out between these two North American nations.

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/02/2019
The Secret Battle Over Mona Lisa’s Prettier ‘Twin’
October 25, 2019, The Daily Beast by Barbie Latza Nadeau
When the long-awaited Leonardo da Vinci exhibition celebrating the Italian master’s life opened in the Louvre in Paris this week, two paintings were noticeably missing from the exhibit hall—and they are both of the same woman.

Despite being one of Leonardo’s most famous works, the Louvre decided not to relocate the “Mona Lisa” from her recently renovated viewing room to the exhibit space created to mark the 500th anniversary of the artist’s death. Visitors will instead have to traipse across a hall through the selfie-taking crowds to see her where she normally hangs.

The second painting that Leonardo aficionados will miss is what many believe is an earlier version of the “Mona Lisa,” which shows a much younger—and dare we say—prettier version of Lisa Gherardini del Giocondo, the wife of Francesco del Giocondo, who commissioned the work in the early 1500s.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/30/2019
What George Washington was thankful for might shock you
November 28, 2019, Fox News by Lathan Watts
In October 1789, long before Americans made it a national holiday, President George Washington issued a proclamation calling for a National Day of Thanksgiving.

In recent years I have expanded my practice of reading this proclamation personally to include reading it aloud to my family before we say grace and sit down to our Thanksgiving meal.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/28/2019
‘I Was Teaching a Lot of Misconceptions.’ The Way American Kids Are Learning About the 'First Thanksgiving' Is Changing
November 21, 2019, Time Magazine by Olivia B. Waxman
On a recent Saturday morning in Washington, D.C., about two dozen secondary-and-elementary-school teachers experienced a role reversal. This time, it was their turn to take a quiz: answer “true” or “false” for 14 statements about the famous meal known as the “First Thanksgiving.”

Did the people many of us know as pilgrims call themselves Separatists? Did the famous meal last three days? True and true, they shouted loudly in unison. Were the pilgrims originally heading for New Jersey? False.

But some of the other statements drew long pauses, or the soft murmurs of people nervous about saying the wrong thing in front of a group. Renée Gokey, Teacher Services Coordinator at the National Museum of the American Indian and a member of the Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma, waited patiently for them to respond.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/26/2019
Revolutionary War British shipwreck from the siege of Yorktown discovered
June 28, 2019, Fox News by James Rogers
The wreck of what appears to be a British ship destroyed during the siege of Yorktown in 1781 has been discovered in Virginia.

Experts from JRS Explorations spotted the wreck, which is believed to be the armed transport ship ‘Shipwright,’ in the York River last week.

The siege of Yorktown was the last major battle of the Revolutionary War and saw British forces commanded by Lord Charles Cornwallis trapped by Continental Army troops commanded by George Washington and French units under the command of the Comte de Rochambeau. The beleaguered British defenders surrendered on Oct. 19, 1781.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 136Online Resources Links: 615Recipes: 481
Census People: 11,399 | Pix: 5,232 (45.90%) | Countries: 10,606 (93.04%) | Dates: 3,724 (32.67%) | Bio: 10,191 (89.40%) | TLs: 1,409 (12.36%)/3,735 (48.37%) | Links: 16,954 (148.73%) | Gallery: 86 (0.75%) | Notes: 1,783 (15.64%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 142 | Pix: 2 (1.41%) | Countries: 142 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 88 (61.97%) | TLs: 2 (1.41%)/9 | Links: 118 (83.10%) | Gallery: 118 (83.10%) | Notes: 118 (83.10%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,408Broadsheet Archive: 3,071Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,722    Tagged: 6,379 (82.61%)   With Links: 4,424 (57.29%)   Total Links: 5,570
Colonial Quotes: 3,020Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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