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Today's Events [More]

Rocky Mountain Antique Festival (CO)
Embroidery: The Language of Art (DE)
Indiana Frontier Experience (IN)
46th Annual Vintage Fair and Marketplace (MA)
Engraved Powder Horns from the French and Indian War and the American Revolution: The William H. Guthman Collection (MA)
Celebrating the Fiber Arts: The Helen Geier Flynt Textile Gallery (MA)
Into the Woods: Crafting Early American Furniture (MA)
Raven's Many Gifts: Native Art of the Northwest Coast (MA)
Importing Splendor: Luxuries from China (MA)
Baby Animals on the Shaker Farm (MA)
Days of Youth: The Lives of Shaker Children at Hancock Shaker Village (MA)
Behind-the-Scenes Farm Tour (MA)
Irresistable. Unreserved. - Skinner Auctions (MA)
A Privateer Party (MD)
Sugarloaf Crafts Festival (MD)
23rd Annual 18th Century Market Fair (MD)
Schmidt's Friday Night Auction - Schmidt's Auction (MI)
Pine Needle Basket Workshop (NC)
The Original Liberty Antiques Festival (NC)
Garden State: Living Off the Land in Early New Jersey Exhibit (NJ)
Baker's Huge Indoor Quality Antiques and Collectibles Show and Flea Market (NY)
The Last Argument of Kings: The Art and Science of 18th-century Artillery (NY)
Simple Gifts: Shaker at The Met (NY)
Rush Bagot Treaty Bicentennial (NY)
Scott Antique Show - Washington Court House (OH)
Renninger's Antique Extravaganza (PA)
Home School Day (PA)
“Queen of Hearts: Dolley Madison in Popular Culture” (VA)
Revolution in Taste (VA)
American Furniture: From Virginia to Vermont (VA)
Lock, Stock, and Barrel (VA)
Changing Keys: Keyboard Instruments for America, 1700–1830 (VA)
China of the Most Fashionable Sort: Chinese Export Porcelain in Colonial America (VA)
A Rich and Varied Culture: The Material World of the Early South (VA)
Silver from Mine to Masterpiece (VA)
Architectural Clues to 18th-Century Williamsburg (VA)
German Toys in America (VA)
Color and Shape: The Art of the American Theorem (VA)
The World Made Small (VA)
From Forge and Furnace: A Celebration of Early American Iron (VA)

Featured Citizen [More]

King Henry II
a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 31 March 1547 until his death in 1559.[1] The second son of Francis I, he became Dauphin of France upon the death of his elder brother Francis III, Duke of Brittany, in 1536. As a child, Henry and his elder brother spent over four years in captivity in Spain as hostages in exchange for their father. Henry pursued his father's policies in matter of arts, wars and religion. He persevered in the Italian Wars against the House of Habsburg and tried to suppress the Protestant Reformation, even as the Huguenot numbers were increasing drastically in France during his reign.

Word of the Day [More]

(1) A variant of ford (wade?) , a shallow place in a river. (2) An early form of fade, quite frequent from 1500 to 1650. Shakespeare, in RICHARD II (1593) declares: One flourishing branch of his most royall roote . . . Is hackt downe, and his summer leafes all vaded. Latin vadere, to go, whence also invade, evade, and also (3) vade, to go away, depart. Braithwait in BARNABEES JOURNAL (1638) warns: Beauty feedeth, beauty fadeth; Beauty lost, her lover vadeth. Hence also, vading, transitory, fleeting, passing away. Vadosity, the state of being fordable (17th century).

Daily Trivia [More]

Early Colonies
On Monday, December 21, 1621, the Pilgrims crossed over to the mainland and surveyed the area that ultimately became the settlement. What is the name of the anniversary of this survey, observed in Massachusetts and traditionally associated with the Plymouth Rock landing legend?
  1. Home Foundation

  2. Plymouth Rock Celebration

  3. Forefathers' Day

  4. Mayflower Jubilee

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Daily Colonial Quote

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
If you can speak what you will never hear, if you can write what you will never read, you have done rare things.
— Henry David Thoreau

Latest Activity

Today2 Broadsheets added
2 Census People added/edited
2 Timeline and/or Link entries added/edited
04/27/176 Census People added/edited
3 Census Links added/edited
1 Fortification added/edited
12 Timeline and/or Link entries added/edited
04/26/1713 Calendar Events added/edited
7 Census People added/edited
5 Census Links added/edited
20 Timeline and/or Link entries added/edited
04/25/178 Census People added/edited
5 Census Links added/edited
17 Fortifications added/edited
12 Fortification Links added/edited
27 Timeline and/or Link entries added/edited
04/24/1766 Calendar Events added/edited
6 Census People added/edited
4 Census Links added/edited
9 Timeline and/or Link entries added/edited

Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

New England Weather: 1744 Earthquake
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times04/21/17
Architectural Styles: Colonial
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times04/09/17
Architectural Styles: Georgian
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times04/09/17
Architectural Styles: Federal
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times04/09/17
Architectural Styles: Greek Revival
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times04/09/17
March, 2017
Antiques: Auction Results04/05/17
Travels in the American Colonies: Journal Of Diron D'Artaguiette
Regional History: Journals03/27/17
New England Weather: The Spring Freshet of 1826
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times03/11/17
February, 2017
Antiques: Auction Results03/03/17
John Woolman's Journal: Chapter 11
Regional History: Journals02/21/17

This Day in Early Modern History -- April 28th

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events
 •  1503-Battle of Cerignola: Spanish army under Gonzalo de Cordoba beats France
 •  1521-Diet of Worms: Emperor Charles names his brother Ferdinand Arch duke of Netherlands-Austria 
 •  1550-Powers of Dutch inquisition extends 
 •  1635-Virginia Governor John Harvey accused of treason and removed from office 
 •  1655-English Admiral Robert Blake beats Tunis pirate fleet 
 •  1758-Future US President James Monroe is born
 •  1776-Colonel McIntosh writes to George Washington from Savannah about troop recruitment
 •  1788-Maryland becomes 7th state to ratify constitution
 •  1789-Fletcher Christian leads Mutiny on the HMS Bounty against Captain William Bligh
 •  1796-Napoleon Bonaparte moves into Italy with the Armistice of Cherasco (later to become the Peace of Paris)
 •  1804-31 English ships sail Suriname river demand transition colony 
 •  1810-Future Union general Daniel Ullmann (who advocated for black troops) is born in Connecticut
 •  1818-James Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on Great Lakes and Lake Champlain 
 •  1829-Dutch parliament accepts new press laws 
 •  1847-George B. Vashon becomes first black to enter New York State Bar 
 •  1848-Free last slaves in French colonies 
 •  1855-First veterinary college in U.S. incorporated in Boston 
 •  1859-Pomona sinks in North Atlantic drowning all 389 aboard

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 04/28/2017
'Celestial Sleuth' credits Messier with discovery 238 years after the fact
April 24, 2017, by Jayme Blaschke
The Ring Nebula is one of the most spectacular deep-sky objects in the heavens. It is easily located by backyard astronomers, intensely studied by astrophysicists and relied upon for show-stopping images on countless book covers and calendar pages.

With an object so familiar, it's easy to forget that somebody had to first discover it. History credits 18th-century French astronomer Antoine Darquier with that accomplishment.

Now, a team of researchers led by Texas State University astronomer and physics professor Donald Olson has applied its distinctive brand of celestial sleuthing to the question and determined that Darquier's contemporary, Charles Messier, was actually the first person to observe and record the iconic Ring Nebula.

posted on Colonial Sense: 04/28/2017
Teen accidentally helps discover lost 16th-century civilization in Kansas
April 18, 2017, New York Post by Natalie O'Neill
A long lost 16th century civilization has been unearthed in rural Kansas — all thanks to a plucky teen who helped archaeologists confirm the incredible discovery.

The metropolis — where up to 20,000 Wichita Indians once lived — was discovered in Arkansas City, in the south-central part of the state, when a high school boy found a cannon ball that tipped off the experts that their long-held suspicions about the existence of Etzanoa were correct, the Kansas City Star reported.

posted on Colonial Sense: 04/21/2017
8 Pa. Revolutionary War patriots your teachers never told you about
April 14, 2017, Penn Live by Julia Hatmaker
Pennsylvania can lay claim to many of the heroes of the American Revolution. Some are more famous than others. With the upcoming opening of the Museum of the American Revolution, here’s a look at eight patriots from the Keystone State that you may not have heard of:

posted on Colonial Sense: 04/21/2017
Tribal chief who signed treaty with Pilgrims to be reburied
April 14, 2017, The Associated Press by Jennifer Mcdermott,
The remains of the Wampanoag leader who forged a peaceful relationship with the Pilgrims will be reburied at his original gravesite in Rhode Island.

Members of the Wampanoag Nation have spent 20 years tracking down the remains and artifacts of Massasoit Ousamequin. It was their "spiritual and cultural obligation," said Ramona Peters, who coordinated the effort.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/29/2017
Marquis de Lafayette and His Affair with Aglaé of Hunolstein
March 23, 2017, All Things Georgian by Staff
Today we are delighted to welcome back the author, Geri Walton. Geri has long been interested in history and fascinated by the stories of people from the 1700 and 1800s. This led her to get a degree in History and resulted in her website, which offers unique history stories from the eighteenth- and nineteenth-centuries.

Her first book, Marie Antoinette’s Confidante: The Rise and Fall of the Princesse de Lamballe, looks at the relationship between Marie Antoinette and the Princesse de Lamballe and has just been released in the U.S and Canada.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/29/2017
Three Sheets to the Wind: The Rum-Soaked Voyage of the USS Constitution
March 23, 2017, Snopes by David Emery
CLAIM: The crew of the USS Constitution ("Old Ironsides") consumed more than 250,000 gallons of liquor and no water at all during a six-month voyage in 1798.


posted on Colonial Sense: 03/25/2017
A Turning Point in the American Revolution — the Battle of Guilford Courthouse and Washington’s Unknown Immortal
March 15, 2017, Breitbart by Patrick O'Donnell
This year, the Ides of March marks the 236th anniversary of one of the most important — yet widely unknown — battles of the American Revolution: The Battle of Guilford Courthouse.

Near present-day Greensboro, North Carolina, Robert Kirkwood and his men lined up facing the Redcoats, including the dreaded Banastre Tarleton, a cavalry officer known for his ruthlessness. A light breeze carried the sound of fifes and Highlander pipes across the field in front of the county courthouse. With blood dripping from his sword, the Patriot cavalry officer, Light Horse Harry Lee, father of General Robert E. Lee, delivered a stirring address to prepare his men for battle: “My brave boys, your lands, your lives and your country depend on your conduct this day – I have given Tarleton hell this morning, and I will give him more of it before night.”

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/25/2017
Scientists Decode the Mysterious ‘Mona Lisa’ Smile Once and for All
March 13, 2017, ArtNet by Sarah Cascone
The world has long been captivated by Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa and the subject’s enigmatic expression. Part of the famous painting’s widespread appeal is said to be its ambiguity, but participants in a new scientific study almost universally agreed that the portrait’s subject is unequivocally happy.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/24/2017
The Duel That Kind of Wasn’t
March 07, 2017, Now I know by Dan Lewis
On July 11, 1804, the Vice President of the United States, Aaron Burr, shot Alexander Hamilton in a duel in Weehawken, New Jersey. Hamilton died the next day. Burr, though, was never tried for his fellow stateman’s death; instead, he finished his term as Vice President without much in the way of further scandal — at least not relative to killing someone. Dueling, while hardly a nice way to solve a problem, wasn’t seen as the barbaric act as it is today. It’s probably too far afield to call it civilized, but it wasn’t chaos, either; dueling was governed by a loosely-defined set of rules and guidelines which were generally applied without question.

But what happens when someone breaks those rules? Well, things get a bit weird.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/24/2017
The Scandalous Flap Books of 16th-Century Venice
March 03, 2017, Atlas Obscura by Sarah Laskow
Imagine you were a rich European in the 16th century, and you wanted to travel. Top on your bucket list might be Venice, a cosmopolitan, free-wheeling city, known for its diversity, romance, and relaxed mores. Venice was a wealthy place, where Titian, Tintoretto, and other famous artists were at the height of their powers. As a republican port city, it was tolerant of all sorts of people and all sorts of behavior in ways that other European cities were not.

While in Venice, you might purchase a flap book to help you remember the good times you had there. Above is one example of an illustration from Le vere imagini et descritioni delle piv nobilli citta del mondo—“the true images and descriptions of the most noble city in the world.”

This image is part of a new exhibition at the New York Public Library, Love in Venice, which includes two flap books from the late 16th century that depict a lascivious kind of love.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 417Online Resources Links: 612Recipes: 480
Census People: 9,973 | Pix: 4,248 (42.60%) | Countries: 9,212 (92.37%) | Dates: 2,998 (30.06%) | Bio: 8,849 (88.73%) | TLs: 746 (7.48%)/2,690 (34.71%) | Links: 8,921 (89.45%) | Gallery: 51 (0.51%) | Notes: 1,382 (13.86%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 59 | Pix: 2 (3.39%) | Countries: 59 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 59 (100.00%) | TLs: 2 (3.39%)/6 | Links: 61 (103.39%) | Gallery: 61 (103.39%) | Notes: 61 (103.39%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,406Broadsheet Archive: 2,685Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,749    Tagged: 6,292 (81.20%)   With Links: 4,035 (52.07%)   Total Links: 4,979
Colonial Quotes: 1,900Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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