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William Sublette
a pioneer, frontiersman, trapper, fur trader, explorer, and mountain man, who, with his four brothers, after 1823, became an agent of the Rocky Mountain Fur Company and later, one of its co-owners, exploiting the riches of the Oregon Country, which helped settle and improve the best routes, along the Oregon Trail.

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Exustion
Burning up. Samuel Parker the Younger, speaking (1720) of the burning of Sodom and Gomorrah, said: The frightful effects which this exustion left are still remaining. Some think the wrathful divine exustion has begun again. The verb exust, to burn up, was used into the 19th century; the form exust was also used as an adjective, burnt or dried up. From Latin ex, out + urere, ustum, to burn; whence also combustion. Also exustible, capable of being consumed by fire.

Daily Trivia [More]

(1775-1783)
American Revolution
At 2:00 a.m. on January 17, 1781, British Lt. Col Tarleton roused his troops and continued his march to the Cowpens for the battle. In the forty-eight hours before the battle, the British ran out of food and had less than four hours’ sleep.
  1. True

  2. False


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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
In Europe, charters of liberty have been granted by power. America has set the example ... of charters of power granted by liberty. This revolution in the practice of the world, may, with an honest praise, be pronounced the most triumphant epoch of its history, and the most consoling presage of its happiness.
— James Madison
National Gazette Essay, January 18, 1792

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This Day in Early Modern History -- January 28th

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events

Events

 •  1495-Pope gives his son Cesare Borgia as hostage to Charles VIII of France 
 •  1547-9-year-old Edward VI succeeds Henry VIII as king of England 
 •  1561-By Edict of Orleans persecution of French Huguenots is suspended 
 •  1581-James I (aka James VI) signs second Confession of Faith in Scotland 
 •  1613-Galileo Galilei may have unknowingly viewed undiscovered planet Neptune 
 •  1671-Pirate Henry Morgan defeats Spanish defenders, captures Panama
 •  1689-English parliament ends king Charles II reign 
 •  1777-British plan to isolate New England
 •  1787-Philadelphia's Free Africa Society organizes 
 •  1788-Captain Arthur Phillip forms English colony at Sydney, Botany Bay NSW 
  -Lord George Gordon found guilty of libel of queen of France 
 •  1807-London's Pall Mall is first street lit by gaslight 
 •  1814-Stendhal's first book is published 
 •  1819-Sir Stamford Raffles first lands in Singapore 
 •  1821-Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen discovers Alexander Island, off Antarctica
 •  1824-William Kneass becomes third U.S. chief engraver (1824-40) 
 •  1828-Future Confederate General Thomas C. Hindman is born
 •  1830-Daniel Auber's opera Fra Diavolo, premieres in Paris
 •  1831-Edgar Allan Poe found guilty during court-martial at West Point military academy
 •  1846-Battle of Allwal, Brits beat Sikhs in Punjab (India)
 •  1848-King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution 
 •  1851-Northwestern University in Chicago chartered 
 •  1855-First train crosses the Panamanian isthmus
 •  1858-John Brown organizes raid on Arsenal at Harper's Ferry 

Births

 •  1582-  John Barclay -- Writers
 •  1600-  Clement IX -- Clergy
 •  1608-  Giovanni Alfonso Borelli -- Scientists
 •  1611-  Johannes Hevelius -- Astronomers
 •  1622-  Adrien Auzout -- Astronomers
 •  1693-  Anna of Russia -- Governance
  -  Gregor Joseph Werner -- Composers
 •  1722-  Johann Ernst Bach II -- Composers
 •  1726-  Laurent Angliviel de la Beaumelle -- Writers
 •  1768-  Frederick VI -- Governance
  -  Elizabeth Marshall -- PhysiciansCommerce
 •  1775-  Charlotte Bury -- Writers
 •  1800-  Antonio Feliciano de Castilho -- Writers

Deaths

 •  1528-  Philip of Cleves [1] -- MilitaryGovernance
 •  1547-  Henry VIII -- ClergyGovernanceWriters
 •  1613-  Thomas Bodley -- Writers
 •  1621-  Paul V -- Clergy
 •  1687-  Johannes Hevelius -- Astronomers
 •  1701-  John Dryden [2] -- Writers
 •  1725-  Peter the Great -- GovernanceInventors
 •  1817-  Friedrich Ludwig Aemilius Kunzen -- Composers
 •  1844-  Johannes van den Bosch -- MilitaryGovernance

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 08/24/2021
Did Martin Luther Write of the Plague, ‘I Shall Not Avoid Person or Place’?
August 24, 2021, Snopes by Dan MacGuill
The 16th century Reformation leader also condemned those who "distain the use of medicines" and "do not avoid places and persons infected by the plague." Claim: In 1527, Martin Luther wrote of the Black Death: "I shall ask God to mercifully protect us"; and "I shall not avoid person or place but will go freely." Rating: Correct Attribution

posted on Colonial Sense: 08/07/2021
Did George Washington Order Troops To Get Vaccinated Against Smallpox?
August 07, 2021, Snopes by Dan Evon
Washington wrote in 1777 that the Continental Army had more to "dread" from smallpox than from the "Sword of the Enemy." Claim: Gen. George Washington ordered troops to get vaccinated against smallpox during the Revolutionary War. Rating: Mostly True

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/25/2020
Krampus – The Half-Goat, Half-Demon Devil of Christmas
December 04, 2020, HeritageDaily by Staff
Around Christmastime, many European countries are celebrating Saint Nicholas Day, usually observed on the 6th December for the feast day of Nicholas of Myra.

Saint Nicolas had many miracles attributed to his intercession, but is also known for his generous practice of gift-giving that gave rise to the traditional model of Santa Claus (“Saint Nick”) through Sinterklaas.

Whilst Saint Nicolas rewards the well-behaved with gifts, children who misbehaved are visited by Krampus (sometimes with Saint Nicolas), a horned, anthropomorphic figure described as a “half-goat, half-demon” on Krampus Night or Krampusnacht (December 5th).

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/24/2020
The Forgotten History of Jingle Bells
November 21, 2017, Now I Know by Dan Lewis
The first episode of the Simpsons — Season 1, Episode 1 — debuted on December 17, 1989. Homer and Marge (with Maggie in tow) make their way to Springfield Elementary School for Lisa and Bart’s Christmas concert. Bart’s grade is singing a Christmas melody featuring the iconic song “Jingle Bells.” But Bart, as seen in this clip goes with some alternative lyrics — “Jingle Bells, Batman smells, Robin laid an egg; the Batmobile broke its wheel; the Joker got awa–,” resulting in him being pulled off-stage.

Jingle Bells, the lesson we should learn, is a wholesome Christmas song, not one to be manipulated by a rascally fourth grader. But that lesson is wrong. Jingle Bells is neither a wholesome song nor about Christmas.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/15/2020
Archaeologists dig to uncover one of America's first Black churches in Colonial Williamsburg
September 17, 2020, NBC News by Jewel Wicker
A gathering in 1776 on a plantation of enslaved and free Black people in colonial Virginia established what would become one of America's first known Black Christian congregations. Although Williamsburg's First Baptist Church has long abandoned its original sites, a group of archaeologists is digging to unearth clues into this early American group of worshippers.

While worshippers met in defiance of laws barring Black people from meeting in large numbers, white landowner Jesse Cole could hear them from his home, and he often listened along with his wife. Cole offered the group a piece of property on Nassau Street to establish a physical church. By 1828, the church had a recorded 619 members.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/13/2020
Thomas Jefferson Descendant Calls For Removal Of His Famous Ancestor’s Statues
June 19, 2020, The Huffington Post by Jeremy Blum
Shannon Lanier, a ninth-generation direct descendant of President Thomas Jefferson, believes that statues of the Founding Father would be better off in museums.

Lanier, who works as a journalist and is related to Jefferson through the third president’s relationship with enslaved woman Sally Hemings, penned his thoughts in a Newsweek editorial, arguing that Jefferson was “a participant in the institution of slavery—perhaps the most notorious one among the Founding Fathers, not least because of the jarring contrast between what he practiced and what he preached.”

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/11/2020
The Forgotten American Explorer Who Discovered Huge Parts of Antarctica
March 26, 2020, Smithsonian Magazine by Gillen D’Arcy Wood
The early-1900s exploits of intrepid explorers like Robert Scott and Ernest Shackleton captured the public imagination. With the benefit of cameras and deft handling of newspaper media, the Edwardian British explorers, alongside their Norwegian rival Roald Amundsen, established themselves as heroic polar pioneers. In the process, however, the south polar exploits of their American forerunner, Charles Wilkes, have been largely forgotten.

It was the round-the-world expedition by Wilkes—whose scientific collection constituted the first treasures of the infant Smithsonian—that first established the continental dimensions of Antarctica. But in a twist of 19th-century international politics, that claim to Antarctica was denied to the Americans by the pole-hungry British. Fast forward to today, and the United States finds itself in another nationalistic race to capitalize on the frozen southern continent. This time, its sparring partner is China.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/09/2020
America’s First Connoisseur
May 21, 2020, The Paris Review by Edward White
Among his many claims to distinction, Thomas Jefferson can be regarded as America’s first connoisseur. The term and the concept emerged among the philosophes of eighteenth-century Paris, where Jefferson lived between 1784 and 1789. As minister to France he gorged on French culture. In five years, he bought more than sixty oil paintings, and many more objets d’art. He attended countless operas, plays, recitals, and masquerade balls. He researched the latest discoveries in botany, zoology and horticulture, and read inveterately—poetry, history, philosophy. In every inch of Paris he found something to stir his senses and cultivate his expertise. “Were I to proceed to tell you how much I enjoy their architecture, sculpture, painting, music,” he wrote a friend back in America, “I should want words.”

Ultimately, he poured all these influences into Monticello, the plantation he inherited from his father, which Jefferson redesigned into a palace of his own refined tastes. More than in its domed ceilings, its gardens, or its galleries, it was in Monticello’s dining room that Jefferson the connoisseur reigned. Here, he shared with his guests recipes, produce, and ideas that continue to have a sizable effect on how and what Americans eat.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/07/2020
Mysterious, centuries-old rock inscription finally deciphered
February 27, 2020, LiveScience by Mindy Weisberger
A mysterious, 230-year-old rock inscription in a French harbor stumped translators for decades. But now, nearly a year after the launch of a contest to decipher the writing, experts have finally decoded its secret message.

In May 2019, officials in the town of Plougastel-Daoulas in Finistère, France, challenged members of the public to interpret the 20-line carved message, Live Science previously reported. Etched into a stone in a cove that's accessible only at low tide, the writing included two dates — 1786 and 1787 — as well as letters and symbols such as a heart-topped cross and a ship.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/05/2020
Pilgrim fathers: harsh truths amid the Mayflower myths of nationhood
September 20, 2020, The Guardian (UK) by Carrie Gibson
For a ship that would sail into the pages of history, the Mayflower was not important enough to be registered in the port book of Plymouth in 1620. Pages from September of that year bear no trace of the vessel, because it was only only 102 passengers and not cargo, making it of no official interest.

The port book is one of the many surprising objects at Mayflower 400: Legend & Legacy, the inaugural exhibition of the Box in Plymouth, Devon, which will open to the public later this month, and which is part of the city’s efforts to mark the 400th anniversary of the ship’s Atlantic crossing.

“This wasn’t a huge historic voyage in 1620. If anything, it was an act of madness because they were going at the wrong time of year into an incredibly dangerous Atlantic,” said the exhibition’s curator, Jo Loosemore.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 12Online Resources Links: 616Recipes: 482
Census People: 11,653 | Pix: 5,429 (46.59%) | Countries: 10,857 (93.17%) | Dates: 4,072 (34.94%) | Bio: 10,426 (89.47%) | TLs: 1,425 (12.23%)/3,769 (48.74%) | Links: 19,263 (165.31%) | Gallery: 117 (1.00%) | Notes: 1,878 (16.12%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 142 | Pix: 2 (1.41%) | Countries: 142 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 88 (61.97%) | TLs: 2 (1.41%)/9 | Links: 118 (83.10%) | Gallery: 118 (83.10%) | Notes: 118 (83.10%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,409Broadsheet Archive: 3,215Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,733    Tagged: 6,398 (82.74%)   With Links: 4,511 (58.33%)   Total Links: 5,676
Colonial Quotes: 3,326Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 92
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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