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Redwood Country Flea Market (CT)
The Flea Market at Eastern Market (DC)
32nd Annual Historic Newcastle Antiques Show (DE)
Heirloom Garden Show (IL)
Randolph Street Market Festival Chicago (IL)
Post Miamies – 1754-1763 (IN)
Celebrating the Fiber Arts: The Helen Geier Flynt Textile Gallery (MA)
Coins & Currency Online (MA)
Discovery - Interiors Online (MA)
Engraved Powder Horns from the French and Indian War and the American Revolution: The William H. Guthman Collection (MA)
Furniture Masterworks: Tradition and Innovation in Western Massachusetts (MA)
Grafton Flea Market (MA)
Inspired Design: Asian Decorative Arts and Their Adaptations (MA)
Into the Woods: Crafting Early American Furniture (MA)
The Sandwich Bazaar Flea Market (MA)
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Living History with Warner's Regiment (NH)
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Warren County Antiques Show (NJ)
Ruidoso Noon Lions Club Antique Festival (NM)
Chelsea Flea Market (NY)
General Washington on the Hudson: The Battle of Stony Point (NY)
Hell's Kitchen Flea Market (NY)
Boston Needlework Sampler, Catherine May, 1770 (OH)
Revolution on the Ohio Frontier (OH)
Hex Signs: Sacred and Celestial Symbolism in Pennsylvania Dutch Barn Stars (PA)
Roosevelt Mall Flea Market (PA)
Thrown, Fired and Glazed: The Redware Tradition from Pennsylvania and Beyond (PA)
Washington Antiques Fair (PA)
Forgotten Soldier Special Exhibition (VA)
TENACITY: Women in Jamestown and Early Virginia (VA)

Featured Citizen [More]

Magnus Brostrup Landstad
a Norwegian parish priest and provost, psalmist and poet who published the first collection of authentic Norwegian traditional ballads in 1853. This work was criticized for unscientific methods, but today it is commonly accepted that he contributed significantly to the preservation of the traditional ballads.

Word of the Day [More]

The habit of using literal expressions. In 19th century dictionaries; Greek kyrios, authoritative, proper + lexia, speaking; lexis, speech, word, as also in lexicographer.

Daily Trivia [More]

Captain John Smith was forced to return to England after being injured by what?
  1. Indian arrow

  2. Explosion

  3. Sword thrust

  4. Falling tree

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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
In one case out of a hundred a point is excessively discussed because it is obscure; in the ninety-nine remaining it is obscure because it is excessively discussed.
— Edgar Allan Poe

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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals08/23/19
July, 2019
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Travels in the American Colonies: Journal of Captain Phineas Stevens' Journey to Canada, 1752
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Architecture: Houses06/06/19
April, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results05/06/19

This Day in Early Modern History -- August 25th

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events


 •  1499-The Battle of Zonchio -- the first naval battle where cannons were used on ships -- ends with the Turkish fleet beating the Venetians
 •  1561- William the Silent marries duchess Anna of Saxon
 •  1566-Iconoclastic fury begins in Dutch province Utrecht 
 •  1580-Battle of Alcântara, Spain defeats Portugal
 •  1609-Galileo Galilei demonstrates his first telescope to Venetian lawmakers 
 •  1628-Assault on sultan of Mantarams of Batavia 
 •  1688-Sir Henry Morgan dies of "dropsie" in Jamaica
 •  1689-Battle of Walcourt, near Charleroi: Spanish and English armies chase French
  -Montreal taken by Iroquois 
 •  1698-Czar Peter the Great returns to Moscow after trip through West-Europe 
 •  1718-Hundreds of French colonists arrive in Louisiana, found New Orleans
 •  1758-Battle of Zorndorf: Prussia beat Russia, 1000s killed
 •  1768-Captain James Cook departs from Plymouth with Endeavour to Pacific Ocean 
 •  1776-David Hume dies
 •  1795-Curacao slaves opponents return to St. Christopher 
 •  1802-Toussaint Louverture imprisoned in Fort de Joux, Jura, France
 •  1804-Alice Meynell becomes first woman jockey (England)
 •  1814-British forces set fire to the White House, the Capitol, Library of Congress, US Treasury, and other buildings in Washington DC
 •  1825-Uruguay declares independence from Brazil (National Day)
 •  1828-Uruguay's independence is recognized during the Brazil-Argentina peace talk
 •  1829-President Andrew Jackson makes an offer to buy Texas, but Mexican government refuses 
 •  1830-Belgium revolts against Netherlands
 •  1835-The New York Sun publishes Moon hoax story (life found by astronomer John Herschel)


 •  1530-   Ivan the Terrible -- Governance
 •  1715-  Luis Gonzalez Velazquez -- Artists
 •  1719-  Charles-Amedee-Philippe van Loo -- Artists
 •  1724-  George Stubbs -- Artists
 •  1744-  Johann Gottfried Herder -- Writers
 •  1758-  Israel Pellew -- Naval
 •  1789-  Thomas George Fonnereau -- Writers


 •  1556-  David Joris -- ArtistsClergyWriters
 •  1580-  Frederik Schenck van Toutenburg -- Clergy
 •  1632-  Thomas Dekker -- Writers
 •  1685-  Francisco Herrera the Younger -- ArtistsArchitects
 •  1688-  Henry Morgan -- PiratesNaval
 •  1699-   Christian V -- Governance
 •  1774-  Niccolo Jommelli -- Composers
 •  1776-  David Hume -- Writers
 •  1819-  James Watt -- Inventors
 •  1822-  William Herschel -- AstronomersComposers
 •  1825-  Lucretia Maria Davidson -- Writers
 •  1842-  Jerome-Joseph de Momigny -- ComposersWriters
 •  1849-  Adele Schopenhauer -- Writers
 •  1852-  Simeon North -- Inventors

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 08/25/2019
Archaeological discovery upends a piece of Barbados history
May 16, 2019, by Simon Fraser University
Which came first, the pigs or the pioneers? In Barbados, that has been a historical mystery ever since the first English colonists arrived on the island in 1627 to encounter what they thought was a herd of wild European pigs.

A recent discovery by an SFU archaeologist is shedding new light on the matter. Christina Giovas uncovered the jaw bone of a peccary, a South American mammal that resembles a wild pig, while researching a larger project on prehistoric animal introductions in the Caribbean.

posted on Colonial Sense: 08/24/2019
The Scandalous Life of Marie Antoinette’s Versailles Apartments
May 11, 2019, The Daily Beast by Erin Zaleski
If these (gilded) walls could talk!

Of the 700 rooms at the Palace of Versailles, among the most famous are the Queen’s Apartments, which include Marie Antoinette’s private chambers. Open again after a three-year restoration project to return the series of rooms to their former damask-covered glory, the apartments are now back open and attracting visitors in droves who come to gawk at the lavish silk tapestries and over-the-top rococo flourishes.

However, the centuries-old fascination with the frivolous French queen’s former stomping grounds goes beyond the ornate canopy bed and the large jewelry case with mother-of-pearl inlay that sits in an alcove beside it. The goings-on in these the posh suites are as steeped in mystery and scandal as the doomed queen herself.

posted on Colonial Sense: 08/23/2019
The Mind of Leonardo Da Vinci
May 02, 2019, Scientific American by Jonathan Pevsner
Across the centuries, each generation has interpreted Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), finding him to be remarkably modern. At the 500th anniversary of his death (May 2, 2019) we can consider Leonardo’s meaning in our era. Our fundamental nature as human beings has not changed in 500 years, but our environment has transformed at an extraordinary rate, along with our perspectives on his accomplishments—and our own.

Leonardo is a genius and a potent symbol of the “universal man” because of the breadth of his interests in the arts, science and technology, spanning disciplines from chemistry (he discovered acetone) to astronomy (he discovered the lumen cinereum of the moon) to math (he discovered the center of gravity of a pyramid) to working with plastics.

posted on Colonial Sense: 08/22/2019
Relics of Rebel Slave Fort Unearthed by Hurricane Michael
May 07, 2019, Smithsonian Magazine by Brigit Katz
When Hurricane Michael tore through the Florida Panhandle last October, its furious winds ripped through the site of a 19th-century fort along the Apalachicola River, some 70 miles southwest of Tallahassee. Aound 100 of its trees were pulled out of the ground, unearthing long-hidden artifacts from the community of rebel slaves that occupied the fort before coming to a tragic end.

“Hurricane Michael has provided us an unprecedented opportunity to study artifacts from the Maroon Community, which occupied Negro Fort between 1814 and 1816,” says U.S. Forest Service archaeologist Rhonda Kimbrough. A team from the the National Forests in Florida and Southeast Archaeology Foundation are now hard at work sifting through historic treasures that were tangled up in the roots of the trees, reports Nada Hassanein of the Tallahassee Democrat. To date, shards of British glass, pipe fragments, gun flints, ammunition and ceramic pieces have been found in the area. Experts have also unearthed the location of a field oven, or the ditch that encircles a fire pit.

posted on Colonial Sense: 08/21/2019 -- Followup
Voynich manuscript mystery continues as experts question whether 'alien' code has really been cracked
May 20, 2019, Fox News by James Rogers
Controversy is swirling around a 15th-century manuscript described as the “world’s most mysterious text” that has long baffled experts but was reportedly recently decoded by a researcher in the U.K.

The researcher’s findings, however, are now being questioned.

Discovered in the 19th century, the Voynich manuscript uses so-called “alien” characters and has puzzled cryptographers and historians for decades.

posted on Colonial Sense: 08/20/2019
Did Leonardo da Vinci have ADHD?
May 23, 2019, King's College London by Staff
Leonardo da Vinci produced some of the world's most iconic art, but historical accounts show that he struggled to complete his works. 500 years after his death, King's College London researcher Professor Marco Catani suggests the best explanation for Leonardo's inability to finish projects is that the great artist may have had Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

In an article in the journal BRAIN, Professor Catani lays out the evidence supporting his hypothesis, drawing on historical accounts of Leonardo's work practices and behaviour. As well as explaining his chronic procrastination, ADHD could have been a factor in Leonardo's extraordinary creativity and achievements across the arts and sciences.

posted on Colonial Sense: 08/19/2019
Clotilda: Last US slave ship discovered among gators, snakes
May 24, 2019, by Jay Reeves
The old wooden ship hull didn't look like much when researchers first saw it: just broken, waterlogged boards and a few pieces of rusted metal, all stuck in the muddy bottom of a bug-infested Alabama bayou where an alligator and poisonous water moccasins swam nearby.

Months later, after hundreds of hours of study and testing, historians say the wreck is the Clotilda , the last ship known to transport African captives to the American South for enslavement.

The question now becomes what to do with the remnants of a ghostly vessel that's a testament to the horror of human bondage.

posted on Colonial Sense: 08/18/2019
The Liechtensteinian Lady Burglar and Her Mysterious Trunk
May 06, 2019, Atlas Obscura by Sabrina Imbler
BARBARA ERNI’S SECRET WAS THAT she never had junk in her trunk. According to her, it held a potpourri of precious treasures. In reality, it held a tiny man, or possibly a large child.

Born to homeless parents in 1743 in the town of Feldkirch, Austria, which sits on the border between Switzerland and the tiny principality of Liechtenstein, Erni eventually made the best of her impoverished upbringing. Liechtensteinian legend has it that she was quite beautiful, boasting a mop of strawberry blond hair that earned her the nickname the “Golden Boo,” writes Barbara Greene in her book Liechtenstein: Valley of Peace. Erni also possessed what townspeople saw as nearly superhuman strength that allowed her to tramp through the European countryside with an enormous satchel or treasure chest strapped to her back. She walked from inn to inn, where she would spend her nights.

Before turning in for bed, Erni would insist that her chest was far too valuable to leave out unattended in a bedroom with minimal security. Instead, she would demand that the innkeeper store her chest in their best, most secure room, perhaps even one that held valuables of their own. Innkeeper after hapless innkeeper fell for Erni’s tale, squirreling away the hefty trunk into a room that contained their own precious possessions, Greene writes. They would leave the room—which, of course, had no other exits—lock the door from the outside, and go to bed.

posted on Colonial Sense: 08/17/2019
A symbol of slavery — and survival
April 29, 2019, The Washington Post by DeNeen L. Brown
By the time Angela was brought to Jamestown’s muddy shores in 1619, she had survived war and capture in West Africa, a forced march of more than 100 miles to the sea, a miserable Portuguese slave ship packed with 350 other Africans and an attack by pirates during the journey to the Americas.

“All of that,” marveled historian James Horn, president of the Jamestown Rediscovery Foundation, “before she is put aboard the Treasurer,” one of two British privateers that delivered the first Africans to the English colony of Virginia.

Now, as the country marks the 400th anniversary of the arrival of those first slaves, historians are trying to find out as much as possible about Angela, the first African woman documented in Virginia. They see her as a seminal figure in American history — a symbol of 246 years of brutal subjugation that left millions of men, women and children enslaved at the start of the Civil War

posted on Colonial Sense: 08/16/2019
More than 150 years after her death, a former slave finally has the memorial she deserved
May 10, 2019, CNN by Madeline Holcombe
A former slave who lay in an unmarked grave now has a headstone, thanks to a class of high school students in Massachusetts.

Last fall, Dr. Linda Meditz tasked the students in her "Out of the Shadows" class with uncovering the story of a woman who was held in slavery in early New England and was buried in an unmarked grave, according to a statement from the school, The Academy at Penguin Hall.

They found Lucy Foster.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 427Online Resources Links: 614Recipes: 481
Census People: 11,291 | Pix: 5,166 (45.75%) | Countries: 10,503 (93.02%) | Dates: 3,647 (32.30%) | Bio: 10,097 (89.43%) | TLs: 1,405 (12.44%)/3,732 (48.34%) | Links: 16,510 (146.22%) | Gallery: 57 (0.50%) | Notes: 1,765 (15.63%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 138 | Pix: 2 (1.45%) | Countries: 138 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 86 (62.32%) | TLs: 2 (1.45%)/9 | Links: 114 (82.61%) | Gallery: 114 (82.61%) | Notes: 114 (82.61%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,406Broadsheet Archive: 2,993Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,721    Tagged: 6,376 (82.58%)   With Links: 4,414 (57.17%)   Total Links: 5,558
Colonial Quotes: 2,994Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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