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Winter Associates Auction (CT)
Hamilton and Burr: Who Wrote Their Stories? (DE)
Celebrating the Fiber Arts: The Helen Geier Flynt Textile Gallery (MA)
Columbus Day Antiques Show and Sale (MA)
Engraved Powder Horns from the French and Indian War and the American Revolution: The William H. Guthman Collection (MA)
Favorite Things, Hidden Treasures (MA)
Furniture Masterworks: Tradition and Innovation in Western Massachusetts (MA)
Inspired Design: Asian Decorative Arts and Their Adaptations (MA)
Into the Woods: Crafting Early American Furniture (MA)
Special Opening Day (NH)
Hex Signs: Sacred and Celestial Symbolism in Pennsylvania Dutch Barn Stars (PA)
Thrown, Fired and Glazed: The Redware Tradition from Pennsylvania and Beyond (PA)
Forgotten Soldier Special Exhibition (VA)
Homeschool Day (VA)
TENACITY: Women in Jamestown and Early Virginia (VA)
Washington and Marshall: Federalist Forged in Battle Exhibit (VA)
The Vermont Antiques Festival (VT)

Featured Citizen [More]

Jean-Joseph Etienne Lenoir
a Belgian engineer who developed the internal combustion engine in 1858. Prior designs for such engines were patented as early as 1807 (De Rivaz engine), but none were commercially successful. Lenoir's engine was commercialized in sufficient quantities to be considered a success, a first for the internal combustion engine.

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An entertainment where the various courses are served together, the viands and the desserts at the same time. The term was used during the 17th and 18th centuries; the practice continues at parties and picnics.

Daily Trivia [More]

Later Colonies
In 1753 the Governor of Virginia dispatched a young militia officer to hand deliver a note to the French at Fort Duquesne demanding the withdrawal of all French influence in the region. Who was this militia officer?
  1. George Rogers Clark

  2. Daniel Boone

  3. George Washington

  4. Alexander Hamilton

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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
Plato is my friend, Aristotle is my friend, but my greatest friend is truth.
— Isaac Newton
Written in the margin of a notebook while a student at Cambridge

Latest Activity

Today1 Census Person added/edited
3 Census Links added/edited
10/13/191 Broadsheet added
2 Calendar Events added/edited
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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

September, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results10/08/19
Travels in the American Colonies: Minutes of Mr. Hamburgh's Journal
Regional History: Journals09/26/19
August, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results09/09/19
An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals08/23/19
July, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results08/07/19
New England Weather: 1851 Tornado
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times07/21/19
June, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results07/08/19
Travels in the American Colonies: Journal of Captain Phineas Stevens' Journey to Canada, 1752
Regional History: Journals06/22/19
May, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results06/12/19
The White Pine Series: Connecticut
Architecture: Houses06/06/19

This Day in Early Modern History -- October 14th

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events


 •  1492-Christopher Columbus leaves San Salvador, arrives in Santa Maria of Concepcion 
 •  1586-Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots, goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth I 
 •  1700-Rabbi Judah HeHasid and his followers arrive in Jerusalem
 •  1745-French help convoy reaches Montrose Scotland 
 •  1758-Battle of Hochkirch Saksen: Austrian army beats Prussia
 •  1780-Patriots sting Loyalists at Shallow Ford, North Carolina
 •  1806-Battle of Jena-Auerstedt-- French beat Prussians
 •  1822-Victor Hugo marries Adele Foucher
 •  1834-Second black to obtain a U.S. patent, Henry Blair, for a corn planter
 •  1843-British arrest Irish nationalist Daniel O'Connell for conspiracy
 •  1857-Elwood Haynes, "Grandsire of Gasoline Cars," is born
 •  1858-The great hour bell -- known as 'Big Ben' -- is put into place in the clock tower of the Houses of Parliament in London


 •  1563-  Jodocus Hondius -- ArtistsCartographers
 •  1569-  Giambattista Marino -- Writers
 •  1606-  Joan Maetsuycker -- Governance
 •  1630-   Sophia of Hanover -- Governance
 •  1633-   James II -- ClergyGovernance
 •  1644-  William Penn -- GovernanceCommerce
 •  1712-  George Grenville -- Governance
 •  1726-  Charles Middleton -- NavalGovernance
 •  1734-  Francis Lightfoot Lee -- Governance
 •  1737-  Jose del Castillo -- Artists
 •  1740-  Johannes Siberg -- Governance
 •  1766-  Friedrich Carl Groger -- Artists
 •  1788-  Edward Sabine -- ExplorersAstronomersMilitaryScientists
 •  1797-  Ida Laura Pfeiffer -- Writers
 •  1801-  Joseph Plateau -- InventorsScientists
 •  1812-  Ann Hawkshaw -- Writers
 •  1817-  Marcus Thrane -- Writers


 •  1536-  Garcilaso de la Vega -- MilitaryWriters
 •  1619-  Samuel Daniel -- Writers
 •  1628-  Palma Giovane -- Artists
 •  1688-  Joachim von Sandrart -- Artists
 •  1703-  Thomas Hansen Kingo -- Writers
 •  1740-  Domenico Alberti -- ComposersPerformers
 •  1771-  Frantisek Xaver Brixi -- Composers
 •  1790-  William Hooper -- GovernanceLegal
 •  1803-  Amie Argand -- InventorsScientists
 •  1831-  Jean-Louis Pons -- Astronomers
 •  1855-  Ernst Zacharias Platner -- ArtistsWriters

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 10/13/2019
Ornate colonial era musket part discovered in Michigan
July 31, 2019, Fox News by James Rogers
Archaeologists have unearthed part of an 18th-century musket at a colonial-era fort in Michigan.

The serpent-shaped sideplate was found this week during an excavation at Colonial Michilimackinac in Mackinaw City, Michigan.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/11/2019
Da Vinci bridge design stuns researchers 500 years later
October 11, 2019, Fox News by Chris Ciaccia
Perhaps the most famous painter, inventor and sculptor ever, Leonardo da Vinci's name resonates in the annals of history. While he may be best known for works such as the "Mona Lisa" and "Salvator Mundi," a bridge design he created for the Ottoman Empire could be his most awe-inspiring work.

The newly analyzed design, written about in a yet-to-be-published study by MIT researchers, shows that da Vinci's concept used a flattened arch tall enough to let sailboats pass underneath the bridge. It would also have been wide enough to use a single arch.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/09/2019
That Time The British Rioted For Three Months Over The Cost Of Theater Tickets
September 27, 2019, Today I Found Out by Karl Smallwood
In September of 1808 Covent Garden Theatre in London burned to the ground. The exact cause of the fire has never been established but due to the extensive amount of flammable items throughout combined with an amazing number of flaming light fixtures, fires of some sort at theaters were relatively common, even inspiring a London fire code requiring several wet blankets be kept near the stage to help put out any fire before it could spread- the 18th century version of a fire extinguisher.

Unfortunately, on September 19, 1808, the water on the street the theater was on was shut off to fix an issue with the system. The next morning, a fire started at around 4AM. With little means to effectively fight the blaze, it took just 3 hours to destroy the historic building and, along with more mundane things, a fair number of manuscripts that would today be given the always inaccurate moniker of “priceless”, as well as the late George Frideric Handel’s organ he had donated to the theater. On top of this, over 20 people lost their lives, and many dozens more were injured.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/08/2019
Remains of 19th-century ‘vampire' found
August 05, 2019, Fox News by Chris Ciaccia
It sounds like something straight out of a horror movie, but the remains of a 19th-century "vampire" have been properly identified.

Formerly known as "JB-55," the Connecticut man has been identified as John Barber, according to genealogical databases that helped identify the man. According to LiveScience, Barber was likely a poor farmer who died from tuberculosis, citing a presentation from a representative of the National Museum of Health and Medicine in Silver Spring, Md., last month.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/07/2019
Herman Melville is 200, but 'Moby-Dick' is very 2019
August 01, 2019, CNN by David Shaerf
Along with so many, I was first subjected to "Moby-Dick" when I was still a teenager, being forced to read it as part of an American literature survey course. I was not a fan of it-- I certainly could never have anticipated I would one day make a film about it. I thought it was a laborious read. Its narrative was glacially slow, and the titular antagonist doesn't even make an appearance until the final pages of the novel. I resented the book and was quite glad to put it down and (hopefully) never touch it again.

I didn't get it, but looking back, I wanted to. I picked up a tattered copy of the book some years later, determined to understand what all the fuss was about, and it had an immediate impact on me. Even by the opening paragraph of the book spoke to me in ways it could not have possibly in years prior. The narrator, in a fit of ennui, tells of his desire to head to sea as a remedy to his depression. I get this. What better medication for boredom or anxiety could there be than to run off to an adventure on the romantic high seas? There is a universality to the glumness that Melville spoke of - even he says, "almost all men in their degree, some time or other, cherish very nearly the same feelings towards the ocean with me."

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/06/2019
Gentleman Jack Was a Gay Role Model—and a Terrible Snob
July 29, 2019, The Daily Beast by Clive Irving
While gay men charged with sodomy were hanged in public, damned by priests and jeered by mobs, gay women could live discreetly as couples without fear.

This is pointed out with graphic clarity in a scene in the HBO drama Gentleman Jack, set in Georgian England, as Anne Lister, the central character of the story, seeks to reassure a wavering lover.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/05/2019
'Lost' book of exquisite scientific drawings rediscovered after 190 years
April 22, 2019, NAtional Geographic by Czerne Reid
Lost for 190 years, a three-volume manuscript blooming with vivid color drawings of Cuban flora has resurfaced in upstate New York.

Nondescript marbled cardboard covers and a title page in cursive handwriting announce Specimens of the Plants & Fruits of the Island of Cuba by Mrs. A.K. Wollstonecraft. This simplicity belies the contents of the slim, well-worn volumes. Pages and pages contain 121 illustrated plates showing plants such as red cordia sebestena, deep purple Lagerstroemia, and white angel’s trumpet in consummate detail.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/04/2019
Centuries old DeKalb County cave holds Cherokee Indian’s secrets
July 16, 2019, WHNT News (AL) by Ivy Anderson
Almost 200 years after Cherokee Indians lived in DeKalb County, archaeologists and Cherokee scholars have transcribed the writings they left behind in a cave that many have forgotten.

Manitou Cave holds history that many learn about early on in life.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/03/2019
Human remains and musket balls found at battle site marking Napoleon Bonaparte's final defeat
July 18, 2019, CNN by Allen Kim
Archaeologists digging at a site where the 1815 Battle of Waterloo was fought have turned up human remains and musket balls, they say, which may help paint a clearer picture of what went down in what was to be the French military leader's final stand.

The remains were found during the first excavation of the primary Allied field hospital at Mont-Saint-Jean in Belgium, and experts believe that the bones were from amputated limbs.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/02/2019
James Monroe Enslaved Hundreds. Their Descendants Still Live Next Door.
July 07, 2019, The New York Times by Audra D. S. Burch
So many Monroes in rural Albemarle County remember the moment they asked a parent or grandparent if they were somehow connected to the nation’s fifth president, James Monroe.

The telltale entrance sign to Monroe’s plantation estate, now a museum, had been a fixture of their childhoods, part of the landscape on the route back and forth between Charlottesville and the small, predominantly African-American community they called Monroetown.

Ada Monroe Saylor, 79, was riding in her father’s green Chevrolet on the way to the grocery store in the early 1950s when he confirmed her suspicions.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 319Online Resources Links: 614Recipes: 481
Census People: 11,362 | Pix: 5,211 (45.86%) | Countries: 10,573 (93.06%) | Dates: 3,690 (32.48%) | Bio: 10,159 (89.41%) | TLs: 1,408 (12.39%)/3,735 (48.37%) | Links: 16,744 (147.37%) | Gallery: 57 (0.50%) | Notes: 1,769 (15.57%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 142 | Pix: 2 (1.41%) | Countries: 142 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 88 (61.97%) | TLs: 2 (1.41%)/9 | Links: 118 (83.10%) | Gallery: 118 (83.10%) | Notes: 118 (83.10%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,408Broadsheet Archive: 3,040Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,722    Tagged: 6,379 (82.61%)   With Links: 4,421 (57.25%)   Total Links: 5,567
Colonial Quotes: 3,014Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5
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