|Echoes of Rebellion: Modern Technology Helps Historians Map Out Battle|
October 01, 2015, Sputnik News by Staff
As the poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow once said, hardly a man is still alive that remembers the midnight ride of Paul Revere, who in April, 1775 warned the residents of Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts of the coming of the British Regulars who sought to disarm the colonists and prevent rebellion. The colonists stoutly refused, and the battle which marked the outset of the American Revolutionary War ensued.
Now, 240 years later, nobody is left who remembers the details of the conflict first-hand, but sophisticated metal detectors, ground-penetrating radars and other 21st century technology promise to help experts and enthusiasts reconstruct the exact position of combatants who participated in Parker’s Revenge, a significant ambush that occurred during the battle.
|Sainthood of Junípero Serra Reopens Wounds of Colonialism in California|
September 29, 2015, The New York Times by Laura M. Holson
A group of teenagers huddled at the foot of a statue of Junípero Serra at the Carmel Mission on Monday, there to pay homage to the Spaniard who helped colonize California in the 18th century. Only a day earlier, vandals had toppled the six-foot figure and doused it with paint, writing “saint of genocide” on a nearby triangle of stone. But now the statue was upright and scrubbed clean for visitors.
Catholic Church officials said the vandalism was the first of its kind at the mission, timed to Pope Francis’ visit to the United States, during which he elevated Father Serra to sainthood at a Mass at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington. The attack also came just hours before parishioners planned to honor Father Serra, a revered former Carmel resident whose celebrity attracts thousands of tourists each year to this quiet hamlet along Monterey Bay.
|What Every Block of New York City Looked Like 400 Years Ago |
September 29, 2015, Gizmodo by Kelsey Campbell-Dollaghan
Where the Chrysler Building stands, there may have been gray wolves and hoary bats. Chinatown was home to a long tidal creek and salty marsh. A Lenape trail wound through the entrance to the Brooklyn Bridge.
This was Manhattan in 1609, on the brink of European settlement, the year Henry Hudson sailed into New York Bay. It was a hugely diverse and rich landscape, threaded with trails used by Lenape indians. The island’s biodiversity per acre was “rivaled that of national parks like Yellowstone, Yosemite and the Great Smoky Mountains,” writes the creator of the Welikia Project, landscape ecologist Dr. Eric Sanderson, who founded the project almost 20 years ago.
|Archeologists Uncover Secrets of Revolutionary War Site|
September 29, 2015, The Associated Press by Mark Pratt
Archeologists using 21st-century technology are mapping out the exact spots British soldiers and Colonial militiamen were standing as they fired at each other during a pivotal skirmish on the first day of the American Revolution.
Parker's Revenge, as the fight is known, occurred on April 19, 1775, after the battles of Lexington and Concord as the redcoats retreated to Boston.
|The Hunt for Mona Lisa's Bones Is A Publicity Stunt, Not Science|
September 24, 2015, Forbes by Kristina Killgrove
Every summer since 2011, a report has come out that a team of Italian archaeologists is closer to finding the tomb and the bones of Lisa Gherardini, the woman who many art historians believe sat for Leonardo Da Vinci’s Mona Lisa. And every summer, the archaeologists come up empty handed, with a few scattered bones and radically revised plans for how they will salvage their quest to prove Gherardini was the Mona Lisa. But does it really matter if Gherardini is positively identified? Is it worth expending significant time and money on this attempt?
|Archaeologists find bone fragments in hunt for 'real' Mona Lisa|
September 24, 2015, AFP by Fanny Carrier
Italian archaeologists trying to solve the mystery behind one of the world's most famous paintings said Wednesday they had found bits of bone that could have belonged to the 'real' Mona Lisa.
The team is certain that Florentine Lisa Gherardini was the mysterious woman who sat for Leonardo da Vinci's portrait, but after years of research on skeletons unearthed in the Tuscan city, they have just a femur that might match -- but no DNA to test it against.
|Pope Francis canonizes controversial saint Serra|
September 23, 2015, CNN by Daniel Burke
Pope Francis on Wednesday canonized Junipero Serra, a Spanish missionary, a moment of deep pride for Latinos but a source of controversy for many Native Americans.
Serra, who came to California nearly 250 years ago, is the first saint to be canonized on U.S. soil.
|Archaeologist says he has found actual Mountain Meadows Massacre graves; it’s not on LDS-owned land|
September 19, 2015, The Salt Lake Tribune (UT) by Brian Maffly
For more than a century and a half after the Mountain Meadows Massacre, no one knew exactly where the bodies were buried.
A California-based archaeologist now says he has solved the mystery, and that it was surprisingly easy.
Last summer, Everett Bassett found what he believes are the two rock graves constructed by the U.S. Army about 20 months after Mormon militiamen and their Paiute allies slaughtered 120 westbound Arkansas migrants in southwestern Utah.
|Skeletons of 200 Napoleonic troops found in Germany|
September 17, 2015, The Guardian (UK) by Staff
The skeletons of 200 French soldiers who were fighting for Napoléon Bonaparte in 1813 have been found during construction work in Frankfurt, Germany, according to local officials.
“We estimate that about 200 people were buried here,” Olaf Cunitz, the city’s head of town planning, said on Thursday, talking at the site in Frankfurt’s western Rödelheim district. He said they were probably soldiers from the Grande Armée returning from Russia in 1813.
|Key to Survival Found for Sailors Shipwrecked in Alaska in 1813|
September 10, 2015, Discovery News by Stephanie Pappas
In 1813, the Russian-American Company frigate Neva wrecked near Kruzof Island, Alaska. The survivors managed to live for nearly a month — in winter — despite struggling to shore with almost nothing.
Now, archaeologists are uncovering the story of how these sailors lived until rescuers arrived. The researchers found that the sailors started fires with gunflints and steel scraps and cannibalized the ship’s wreckage to build the tools they used to survive.
|"A dream among splendid ruins…"
Strolling through the Athens of travelers
September 08, 2015, National Archaeological Museum, Athens (Greece) by Staff
The new temporary exhibition "A dream among splendid ruins… Strolling through the Athens of travelers, 17th-19th century" was designed to provide an imaginary stroll through monumental Athens between the 17th and 19th centuries. Our companions on this stroll are the European travelers who undertook the "Grand Tour" to the capital city of Hellenism and who, inspired by the movement of Classicism, recorded the "splendid ruins" of its historical past. Twenty-two illustrated travel publications and twenty-four original works of art — oil paintings, watercolors, and engravings from the Library collections of the Hellenic Parliament — offer landscapes, images, monuments, and specific moments from the Athens of travelers, feeding our imagination and setting starting-points for our own, personal readings. Thirty-five marble sculptures from the National Archaeological Museum, many of them presented here for the first time, converse with the travelers' works, complementing their charming narrative of the city's monumental topography. The museum experience is supplemented by music from the travelers' homelands as well as by Greek music such as that recorded by the French composer and music theorist L.A. Bourgault-Ducoudray during his visit to Athens in 1874-1875.
|Archaeological dig will hunt for Lizard shipwreck mass grave of Royal Anne|
September 08, 2015, West Briton (UK) by WBGraeme
AN archaeological dig will try to find the mass grave of more than 200 people who drowned in a disastrous shipwreck off The Lizard.
The National Trust has teamed up with experts from Bournemouth University, Maritime Archaeological Sea Trust (MAST) and The Cornwall and Isles of Scilly Maritime Archaeology Society to survey Pistil meadow.
In November of 1721, 207 sailors lost their lives in a ferocious storm when their military transport galley, the Royal Anne, hit rocks and sank off Lizard Point. Three people survived by clinging to wreckage.
|Cod bones from Mary Rose reveal globalized fish trade in Tudor England|
September 08, 2015, Popular Archaeology by Staff
New stable isotope and ancient DNA analysis of the bones of stored cod provisions recovered from the wreck of the Tudor warship Mary Rose, which sank off the coast of southern England in 1545, has revealed that the fish in the ship's stores had been caught in surprisingly distant waters: the northern North Sea and the fishing grounds of Iceland - despite England having well developed local fisheries by the 16th century.
|Remnants of 1800s market found under St. Lawrence development|
September 08, 2015, CTYNews (Canada) by Kendra Mangione
The remnants of a centuries-old Toronto market were unearthed as during a pre-construction archaeological dig.
Brick walls, sewer pipes and part of a pier were found during the precautionary dig near the site of the current St. Lawrence Market. The remnants are believed to date back to the 1830s, 1850s and 1900s, when Front Street marked the city's waterfront.
|Longest Polish river reveals secrets amid drought|
September 04, 2015, AFP by Staff
Archeologists are having a field day in Poland’s longest river, the Vistula, which because of a drought has hit a record low water level allowing them to uncover a treasure trove of ancient artifacts.
...“It’s mainly fragments of carved stones that the Swedes tried to steal in the 17th century during their 1656 invasion,” Kowalski told AFP.
|Book Review: ‘The Quartet’|
September 04, 2015, Epoch Times by Chelsea Scarnegie
For so many of us, our knowledge of the American Revolution stops on the Fourth of July. After all, what better way to conclude America’s history than with the freedom-infused Declaration of Independence? In “The Quartet,” author Joseph J. Ellis challenges his readers to expand their classroom knowledge of America’s founding and to take a critical look at the eternally debated United States Constitution. He strives to pick up where our schoolteachers have left off.
Imagine the weeks following the Revolutionary War. After the celebration of victory died down, it would be assumed that the 13 states would have forged a solid bond of unity and nationhood. This was not the case. Rather, the states were prepared to separate and govern themselves on a strictly local level. Virginia would be Virginia, and New York would be New York. The United States, if spoken of at all, would remain a plural noun.
|Tragedy of the Civil War's child soldiers: Durham mass grave holds remains of 17th century Scottish prisoners of war who were as young as 13 years old|
September 02, 2015, The Daily Mail (UK) by Rachel Reilly
Skeletons discovered in a mass grave close to Durham cathedral are the remains of Scottish prisoners of war - with some as young as 13 years old, experts have revealed.
Researchers from Durham University identified the bones as coming from soldiers captured after the Battle of Dunbar in 1650.
It was one of the bloodiest battles of the 17th century's Civil Wars, when Oliver Cromwell's troops won an unexpected victory against Scottish supporters of Charles II.
|Cornell technology identifies artifacts in Jamestown graves|
August 31, 2015, Cornell University by Krishna Ramanujan
In Jamestown, Virginia, in 2013, archaeologists digging beneath a church built in 1608 made a remarkable discovery in the chancel: four graves. The coffins were long gone, victims of decay, but the coffin nails remained.
The archaeologists were aware of the tradition of burying important people in the chancel, but who were these people? Nobody knew, but they discovered two important clues. One was a small, sealed silver box that had been placed on top of one of the coffins, as evidenced by wood fibers preserved on the bottom of the box. The other was silver thread found in one of the graves.
|Cholera victims’ bones from 1830s found on Luas line dig|
August 29, 2015, The Irish Times (Ireland) by Fiona Gartland
The bones of victims of a cholera epidemic in the 1830s have been uncovered as part of preparation works for the Luas cross-city line at Broadstone, Dublin.
The remains were found last week by workers at the Broadstone Bus Éireann Garage on the north side of the city.
|Making Sense of Dollar Signs|
August 26, 2015, Now I Know by Dan Lewis
That’s a dollar sign. You probably knew that.It’s also an S with a vertical line through it. You probably knew that, too.But: there isn’t an “S” in the word “dollar.” There are vertical lines, maybe? If you count the two “L”s? But there’s no S, regardless.
What’s going on here?
|A Volcanic Eruption That Reverberates 200 Years Later|
August 24, 2015, The New York Times by William J. Broad
In April 1815, the most powerful volcanic blast in recorded history shook the planet in a catastrophe so vast that 200 years later, investigators are still struggling to grasp its repercussions. It played a role, they now understand, in icy weather, agricultural collapse and global pandemics — and even gave rise to celebrated monsters.
Around the lush isles of the Dutch East Indies — modern-day Indonesia — the eruption of Mount Tambora killed tens of thousands of people. They were burned alive or killed by flying rocks, or they died later of starvation because the heavy ash smothered crops.
|Rhode Island Church Taking Unusual Step to Illuminate Its Slavery Role|
August 23, 2015, The New York Times by Katharine Q. Seelye
One of the darkest chapters of Rhode Island history involved the state’s pre-eminence in the slave trade, beginning in the 1700s. More than half of the slaving voyages from the United States left from ports in Providence, Newport and Bristol — so many, and so contrary to the popular image of slavery as primarily a scourge of the South, that Rhode Island has been called “the Deep North.”
That history will soon become more prominent as the Episcopal diocese here, which was steeped in the trans-Atlantic slave trade, establishes a museum dedicated to telling that story, the first in the country to do so, according to scholars.
|Why The Battle of Waterloo Began With Dancing|
August 23, 2015, The Daily Beast by Anthony Haden
The Duchess of Richmond’s Waterloo Ball was described by the historian Elizabeth Longford as “the most famous ball in history”—and, damn it, I could have been there.
Well, not at the 1815 Brussels original, of course, but at its re-enactment in 1969 by Sergei Bondarchuk for Waterloo, a movie in which Christopher Plummer played Wellington, Virginia McKenna the Duchess, and Rod Steiger a doughy Napoleon.
|Orange Order historian disputes gay rights campaigner Peter Tatchell's claim that King Billy was bisexual|
August 22, 2015, The Belfast Telegraph (Ireland) by David Young
Speaking on BBC Northern Ireland's Talkback programme yesterday, Mr Tatchell argued there was little historical doubt about the claim.
"Research has been building up over the centuries to suggest that King William III was bisexual - probably not gay, but he had bisexual relationships," said Mr Tatchell.
|Portugal skeletons may be Jewish victims of Inquisition|
August 19, 2015, The Associated Press by Staff
Portuguese researchers suspect that a dozen skeletons found in an ancient garbage dump were Jewish victims of the Inquisition more than 400 years ago.
The excavation team find the remains at what was called the Jail Cleaning Yard of the Inquisition Court in Evora, 135 kilometers (84 miles) east of the Portuguese capital, Lisbon. The dump was in use roughly between 1568 and 1634.