|African American family records from era of slavery to be available free online|
June 20, 2015, The Guardian (UK) by Joanna Walters
Millions of African Americans will soon be able to trace their families through the era of slavery, some to the countries from which their ancestors were snatched, thanks to a new and free online service that is digitizing a huge cache of federal records for the first time.
Handwritten records collecting information on newly freed slaves that were compiled just after the civil war will be available for easy searches through a new website, it was announced on Friday.
The records belong to the Freedmen’s Bureau, an administrative body created by Congress in 1865 to assist slaves in 15 states and the District of Columbia transition into free citizenship.
|At Waterloo Re-Enactment, History So Real You Can Taste It|
June 20, 2015, NPR by Eleanor Beardsley
Tens of thousands of people have been gathering in the Belgian countryside over the last week to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the battle of Waterloo. The bloody battle of June 18, 1815, marked the final defeat for Napoleon at the hands of a coalition of his enemies. The re-enactment is attracting history buffs, tourists and wannabe soldiers.
Napoleon himself is also a big draw. At one intersection where police have blocked a road, a crowd gathers to watch the spunky, 19th century French emperor jump out of a car and take on modern-day Belgian traffic cops. "Uh, we've got Napoleon here," says one policeman into his walkie-talkie.
|Fake quotes run rampant among GOP candidates|
June 19, 2015, MSNBC by Steve Benen
The first hint of trouble came about a month ago, when Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker (R) told supporters that “Thomas Jefferson said it best” when the Founding Father said, “That government is best which governs least.”
Thomas Jefferson never said this. Walker fell for a fake quote.
Soon after, Sen. Rand Paul (R-Ky.) told an audience, “Patrick Henry said this, Patrick Henry said the Constitution is about ‘restraining the government not the people.’” In reality, Patrick Henry said no such thing.
|Here’s Why Andrew Jackson Stays and Alexander Hamilton Goes|
June 18, 2015, Time Magazine by Steve Inskeep
Jackson might seem the obvious choice to get the boot, but when you look at parts of Hamilton's legacy, it's easy to see why he's the first choice—for now
Admirers of Alexander Hamilton are outraged. The Treasury Department says the man on the $10 bill must share his real estate with a woman, starting in 2020. If Hamilton were alive today, I’d advise him to take credit. He will benefit from his association with Harriet Tubman or Ida Tarbell or whoever may be chosen. He could even be recast as a posthumous feminist.
|Spanish Armada cannons retrieved from Sligo seabed|
June 17, 2015, The Irish Times (Ireland) by Lorna Siggins
Two 16th-century cannons in extraordinarily good condition have been recovered by underwater archaeologists from the Spanish Armada wreck site off Streedagh, Co Sligo.
Minister for Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht Heather Humphreys watched one of the two cannons from the wreck, La Juliana, being raised from the seabed when she visited the location in Sligo yesterday morning.
|Mummified bishop is a unique time capsule from the 17th century|
June 16, 2015, Lund University (Sweden) by Staff
The mummified remains of Peder Winstrup are one of the best-preserved human bodies from the 1600s. Preliminary investigations reveal a sensational find: the internal organs are still in place.
“We can now observe that Winstrup’s mummy is one of the best-preserved bodies from Europe in the 1600s, with an information potential well in line with that offered by Ötzi the ice man or Egyptian mummies. His remains constitute a unique archive of medical history on the living conditions and health of people living in the 1600s”, says Per Karsten, director of the Historical Museum at Lund University.
|Estonian construction workers dig up medieval ships|
June 12, 2015, Agence France-Presse (AFP) by Staff
The capital of Estonia is perhaps not the place where one would expect to find the remains of medieval ships, but that is exactly what happened to a group of construction workers in Tallinn this week.
While working on the foundations for high-end apartments in a seaside area of the Baltic state's capital, the men noticed something strange in the ground: the remains of at least two ships thought to be from the 14th-17th centuries.
|Entire horse skeleton found in archaeological dig|
June 09, 2015, First Coast News (FL) by Jessica Clark
An archaeological dig was tucked next to a construction site of a new restaurant in downtown St. Augustine.
There, St. Augustine Archaeologist Carl Halbirt uncovered a big find.
"During the first day of the excavation, we ran across a bone," Halbirt said. "We knew we had something, but we didn't know exactly what it was."
It turned out to be an entire horse skeleton, a horse burial.
|Video game maker recreates the Battle of Waterloo|
June 09, 2015, History News Network by Staff
In order to properly commemorate the bicentenary anniversary of the Battle of Waterloo, Matrix Games is teaming up with developer NorbSoft to reproduce, live, the most dramatic moments of the final great encounter between Napoleon and his opponents. This spectacle will be delivered thanks to a live Twitch stream of Scourge of War: Waterloo, with historical scenarios being played at exactly the same time as events happened in June 18, 1815. - See more at: http://historynewsnetwork.org/article/159630#sthash.69zNKKa4.dpuf
|Charlie, Charlie, Are You There?|
June 09, 2015, The Paris Review (France) by Dan Piepenbring
The latest coup from the dark arts is Charlie Charlie Challenge, a Ouija Board-ish pursuit in which players—who tend to be, let’s face it, kids and teens—cross two pencils over a piece of paper and attempt to summon a Mexican demon.
...Pencils have always been among the finest weapons in a Satanist’s arsenal; problem is, these kids are stacking with them instead of drawing with them. It’s downright primitive. To behold the true power of an occultist with good draftsmanship, one need only look to an eighteenth-century grimoire called Compendium rarissimum totius Artis Magicae sistematisatae per celeberrimos Artis hujus Magistros, about which the Internet yields little. It’s written in Latin and German; the Wellcome Library, which published a high-resolution scan of the book in its entirety, suggests that it dates to 1775, though its unknown author apparently attempted to pass it off as a relic from 1057. The volume is labeled NOLI ME TANGERE: don’t touch.
|Belgium Commemorates Waterloo With a Coin, and France Is Not Pleased|
June 09, 2015, The New York Times by Dan Bilefsky
Perhaps befitting a battle that ended French hegemony in Europe, Paris, it seems, has been outflanked once again.
After it objected to a decision in March by Belgium to introduce a new 2 euro coin to commemorate the 200th anniversary of Napoleon’s defeat at Waterloo, the Belgians retreated, scrapping 180,000 coins they had already minted.
But victory for France is proving elusive.
|GW Archaeologist Resurfaces Stories from a Sunken Slave Ship|
June 09, 2015, George Washington University by Lauren Ingeno
A Portuguese ship carrying more than 400 enslaved people left Mozambique on Dec. 3, 1794, and set sail for Brazil, where the growing sugar economy demanded cheap labor. Shackled and packed like cargo beneath the ship’s deck, the slaves endured a cruel journey filled with sweat, blood and vomit.
An estimated 400,000 East Africans made the same trip between 1800 and 1865. But more than half of this ship’s occupants would never reach their final destination.
Violent winds and treacherous swells rocked the vessel as it rounded the Cape of Good Hope off the coast of South Africa. The ship, called the São José, struck submerged rocks and wrecked between two reefs. A rescue attempt saved the captain, the crew and around 200 slaves. The remaining Mozambican captives sank to the bottom of the ocean.
|Study reveals more evidence than expected|
June 08, 2015, The Arkansas City Traveler by Foss Farrar
A weeklong archaeological expedition in eastern areas of Arkansas City turned up more evidence than expected that the town was the site of the second-largest Native American settlement in the United States more than 400 years ago, the leader of the expedition said Friday night.
Among the finds during the “dig” last week were three metal balls that were X-rayed in a mobile archaeological lab and found to be made of pure iron and lead, the type of ammunition that was shot from cannons and muskets by Spanish conquistadors who explored the Great Plains in the 16th and 17th centuries.
|Replica of General Lafayette's 'Hermione' arrives in Virginia|
June 06, 2015, AFP by Staff
A replica of a French frigate that in 1780 transported General Lafayette to America to rally US rebels battling for independence arrived to great fanfare Friday in the Virginia town where British forces eventually surrendered.
Fireworks lit up a gray sky in Yorktown -- where American forces led by General George Washington and French soldiers scored a decisive victory over the British in 1781, prompting their capitulation -- to mark the Hermione's arrival.
|Here Comes Waterloo!|
June 05, 2015, The New York Review of Books by Jenny Uglow
There’s some irony in celebrating the two hundredth anniversary of the British defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo, given Prime Minister David Cameron’s promise to hold a referendum within two years to decide if Britain should leave the European Union. We’ve been warned not to crow over the victory and upset the French, but flaunting it as a solely British triumph also risks snubbing the Germans and other Continental allies: as well as Blucher’s Prussian forces, over half of Wellington’s army was made up of German and Dutch and other nationalities.
Nevertheless, Britain has got Waterloo fever. With the anniversary coming on June 18, documentaries are presenting Wellington, the Iron Duke, as more malleable than first appears, and lauding Napoleon as a hero, rather than as the megalomaniac “Boney.” In Broadstairs in Kent, a horse-drawn post-chaise charging through the streets will recreate Major Percy’s landing and his ride to bring the news of victory to London. In Perth in Scotland a march by the Scots Greys will look back to their famous cavalry charge, celebrated by Lady Elizabeth Butler in her painting Scotland for Ever!
|Harmonia Macrocosmica — History’s Most Beautiful Star Maps|
June 05, 2015, Disinformation by 5T1V
The Harmonia Macrocosmica is a star atlas written by Andreas Cellarius and published in 1660 by Johannes Janssonius.
The first part of the atlas contains copper plate prints depicting the world systems of Claudius Ptolemy, Nicolaus Copernicus and Tycho Brahe. At the end are star maps of the classical and Christian constellations, the latter ones as introduced by Julius Schiller in his Coelum stellatum christianum of 1627. The translations are by dr. Henry A.I. Stadhouders (Theological Institute, University of Utrecht).
|Face to face with two doomed Franklin members|
June 04, 2015, The Star (Canada) by Paul Watson
Archeologists trying to solve one of the Canadian Arctic’s coldest missing-persons cases have called in a forensic artist skilled at getting justice for the lost and murdered.
A team of archeologists, led by Nunavut’s director of heritage and culture, Douglas Stenton, is hoping to solve part of the mystery of Sir John Franklin’s lost expedition with the help of forensic artist Diana Trepkov, who reconstructed the faces of two sailors.
Using two skulls discovered in the High Arctic 22 years ago, the Ontario forensic artist produced two busts that look like figures in a wax museum, staring out from the mists of history.
|Replica of Revolutionary War-Era French Ship to Arrive in US|
June 04, 2015, The Associated Press by Staff
A replica of the French tall ship that brought General Marquis de Lafayette from France to America in 1780 is set to arrive in Yorktown, Virginia, on Friday as part of a 12-city tour along the East Coast. Here are three things to know about the ship and its journey.
THE HISTORY: Lafayette brought news that France was sending 5,500 troops to fight the British during the American Revolution. The Hermione was also among the French ships that participated in a naval blockade that cut off support to British troops during the decisive Battle of Yorktown in 1781. British General Lord Charles Cornwallis surrendered to General George Washington, leading to the end of the American Revolutionary War.
|Centuries-old dugout was discovered in the Bug|
June 03, 2015, Science And Scholarship In Poland by Staff
Four-meter boat made from a single piece of wood has been discovered by an accidental finder in the Bug near the village Stary Bubel in the Lublin province. Preliminary analysis of the physicochemical properties suggests that it was made between the fifteenth and mid-seventeenth century.
"Dugouts are not extremely rare finds, but they are certainly interesting and noteworthy. Currently, there are more than 330 known in the Polish territory. Boats, the age of which has been determined, mostly date back to the Middle Ages and modern times" - explained Grzegorz ?nie?ko from of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology PAS in Warsaw.
|"Robots of the Caribbean" photograph infamous sunken pirate city|
June 03, 2015, Phys.org by Victoria Hollick
An international marine robotics team including a University of Sydney researcher has conducted a preliminary search of Port Royal capturing large scale images of the infamous sunken pirate city.
Invited by Jamaica's National Heritage Trust the high resolution under water images taken by the team will assist in the Caribbean nation's bid to have the area included in UNESCO's World Heritage List.
Lead by the University of Michigan's Assistant Professor Matthew Johnson-Roberson, an alumnus of University of Sydney's the team used underwater 3D camera diver rigs to map portions of the notorious metropolis, submerged as a result of an earthquake more than three hundred years ago.
|Fully dressed and preserved 350-year-old corpse of French noblewoman found|
June 03, 2015, The Guardian (UK) by Kim Willsher
French archaeologists have uncovered the well-preserved body of a noblewoman who died 350 years ago – along with the clothes in which she was buried, including her cap and shoes, still intact.
The corpse of Louise de Quengo, a widow from an aristocratic family from Brittany, was discovered in an hermetically sealed lead coffin placed in a stone tomb at a convent chapel in the western city of Rennes.
Four other lead coffins dating from the 17th century were also found at the site of the Saint-Joseph chapel, as well as 800 other graves containing skeletons.
|Romeyn de Hooghe: Hieroglyphica — Symbols of Ancient People|
June 02, 2015, Disinformation.com by 5T1V
This is a scholarly iconology of classical mythology and Christian symbolism written and illustrated by de Hooghe. The work was published 25 years after the author’s death.
Artist and etcher, Romeyn de Hooghe (Dutch 1645-1708), was an important and prolific late Baroque engraver and caricaturist. De Hooghe was skilled as an etcher, draughtsman, painter, sculptor and medalist. He is best known for political caricatures of Louis XIV and propagandistic prints supporting William of Orange.
|Grim History Traced in Sunken Slave Ship Found Off South Africa|
May 31, 2015, The New York Times by Helene Cooper
On Dec. 3, 1794, a Portuguese slave ship left Mozambique, on the east coast of Africa, for what was to be a 7,000-mile voyage to Maranhão, Brazil, and the sugar plantations that awaited its cargo of black men and women.
Shackled in the ship’s hold were between 400 and 500 slaves, pressed flesh to flesh with their backs on the floor. With the exception of daily breaks to exercise, the slaves were to spend the bulk of the estimated four-month journey from the Indian Ocean across the vast South Atlantic in the dark of the hold.
|HMS Erebus dive 'just scratching the surface' of Franklin expedition mystery|
May 27, 2015, CBC News (Canada) by Janet Davison
They are among the smallest artifacts recovered from the recent dive to HMS Erebus, but the two brass tunic buttons are also offering the most personal glimpse yet into what mysteries the shipwreck may reveal about the ill-fated Franklin expedition in the High Arctic.
The buttons found during the under-ice exploration of the wreck in mid-April, as it lay in the shallow waters of Wilmot and Crampton Bay off the coast of what is now Nunavut, certainly don't answer the big questions about how Sir John Franklin's quest to find the Northwest Passage came to its tragic end nearly 170 years ago.
|In New England, Recognizing A Little-Known History Of Slavery|
May 24, 2015, NPR by Emily Corwin
Two men are sliding nine pine coffins into a vault in the ground on Chestnut Street in downtown Portsmouth, N.H. The remains were disinterred in 2003, part of a long-forgotten burial ground for African slaves discovered during routine road work. Now, they are being reburied among 200 other long forgotten men and women as part of Portsmouth's new African Burying Ground Memorial Park.
One coffin contains the remains of a woman who would have been free in West Africa at the turn of the 18th century. But when she stepped off the boat into what is now Prescott Park in Portsmouth, she was likely sold to a white New Hampshire family.