|October 21st- The Game|
October 21, 2015, Today I Found Out by Kathy Padden
In July of 1554, Queen Mary I married Philip of Spain. The Queen was quite in love with her hunky new hubby. Unfortunately, many of her subjects didn’t share her affection, including Parliament who refused to recognize Philip as King on October 21, 1555. And this wasn’t the first or last time.
|The "Science" Behind Today's Plague Doctor Costume|
October 19, 2015, io9 by Katharine Trendacosta
One of the most distinctive masks worn during the Carnival of Venice is “Il Medico della Peste,” or “The Plague Doctor.” But the distinctive bone-white mask and black clothing was actually the 17th century equivalent of a biocontainment suit. Albeit one based on very shaky science.
A full description of the full outfit comes from Charles de Lorme, chief physician to Louis XIII:
The nose [is] half a foot long, shaped like a beak, filled with perfume with only two holes, one on each side near the nostrils, but that can suffice to breathe and carry along with the air one breathes the impression of the [herbs] enclosed further along in the beak. Under the coat we wear boots made in Moroccan leather (goat leather) from the front of the breeches in smooth skin that are attached to said boots, and a short sleeved blouse in smooth skin, the bottom of which is tucked into the breeches. The hat and gloves are also made of the same skin…with spectacles over the eyes.
|What we can learn about the discovery of Thomas Jefferson’s chemistry lab at the University of Virginia|
October 19, 2015, Yahoo News by Michael Walsh
We’re still probing the depths of Thomas Jefferson’s accomplishments.
Over the weekend, the University of Virginia announced that Jefferson's chemistry lab was discovered during renovations of the school’s famous Rotunda.
The United States’ third president, who founded the Charlottesville university, helped to design the 1820s “chemical hearth,” part of an early chemistry classroom — underscoring his appreciation for the natural sciences.
|Mexico Drought Sees 400-Year-Old Church Emerge From Reservoir In Chiapas|
October 18, 2015, The Huffington Post UK by Sarah Ann Harris
The ghostly shell of 400-year-old church has begun to emerge from the waters of a drought-stricken reservoir in Mexico.
The building, known as the Temple of Santiago, or Temple of Quechula, was lost to the waters of the Nezahualcoyotl reservoir in 1966 when it flooded.
Except for a period in 2002 the church has remained underwater ever since.
|Armenian devil reappears after being erased from centuries-old gospel|
October 14, 2015, The Guardian (UK) by Maev Kennedy
A demon lurking in the corner of a precious 17th-century Armenian gospel has reappeared centuries after he was deliberately scraped from the page by pious readers.
The creature is no longer visible to the naked eye, but once vied with the angel opposite him for the souls being weighed in the balance on judgment day, captured in the superbly illustrated gospel made by the renowned Armenian manuscript scribe, illuminator and theologian, Mesrop of Xizan, almost 400 years ago.
|White House is searching for the origins of women’s rights|
October 14, 2015, The Washington Post (DC) by Juliet Eilperin
If you want to find the origins of feminism, give the job to a woman.
White House chief technology officer Megan Smith on Wednesday launched a nationwide search for the original "Declaration of Sentiments," the document signed in July 1848 at the Women's Rights Convention in Seneca Falls, N.Y..
|Earliest Known Draft of King James Bible Is Found, Scholar Says|
October 14, 2015, The New York Times by Jennifer Schuessler
The King James Bible is the most widely read work in English literature, a masterpiece of translation whose stately cadences and transcendent phrases have long been seen, even by secular readers, as having emerged from a kind of collective divine inspiration.
But now, in an unassuming notebook held in an archive at the University of Cambridge, an American scholar has found what he says is an important new clue to the earthly processes behind that masterpiece: the earliest known draft, and the only one definitively written in the hand of one of the roughly four dozen translators who worked on it.
|Archaeologists memorialize the historic chancel burials at Jamestown|
October 13, 2015, Popular Archaeology by Staff
It stands no more, but the first chapel ever to be built on the North American continent by early English settlers has its successor in a newly reconstructed rendition placed at the very spot where the original church stood within the historic James Fort at the Jamestown site, Virginia, over 400 years ago—and now, a recently installed cedar railing reconstruction frames the space within the church where four famous founders of Jamestown were buried.
|What was the deal with Benedict Arnold?|
October 12, 2015, The Straight Dope by Staff
Dear Straight Dope:
I have two questions about Benedict Arnold. First, how did his plot to turn over West Point become known? Was it discovered by three highwaymen who captured the British spy Major John André, whose identity was later uncovered by Benjamin Tallmadge, Washington's intelligence chief? Or did it become known to Sally Townsend, a teenage woman in whose house Major André was living? (A story has it that she came across the plot in a note that Major André had left around and that she passed it along to her brother, who ran a spy ring for Washington, and he passed it along to Washington). Which is true?
Second, I've come across one or two accounts saying that Benedict Arnold, just before he died in 1801, asked to die in bed wearing his old Continental Army uniform, and that he said, "God forgive me for ever putting on any other." Is this story true?
|The right’s nauseating Columbus Day hate: Fox News, Trump, Limbaugh embolden white supremacist Twitter|
October 12, 2015, Salon by Amanda Marcotte
As Scott Eric Kaufman of Salon noted on Monday morning, some folks on Twitter are honoring the Columbus Day holiday with the nauseating hashtag #ColumbusWasAHero. While some liberals are using the hashtag to push back against the adulation of Christopher Columbus, correctly noting that the man was a moral monster, most of the tweets are from right wingers defending the existence of the holiday and Columbus’s legacy generally.
|Did NC legislators rewrite US history?|
October 12, 2015, Asheville Citizen-Times (NC) by Mark Barrett
A bill specifying what North Carolina high school students must be taught about the principles behind the founding of the United States has two local experts on America’s early history scratching their heads.
The bill got final approval Sept. 29, the day before the General Assembly finished this year’s long session, but Gov. Pat McCrory has yet to sign it. It apparently got little attention, though there were a few mocking comments in the news media when the Senate passed an earlier version in April that appeared to endorse the gold standard for money as something high schoolers must learn about.
|Vaishnava saint sculptures discovered|
October 09, 2015, The Hindu (India) by R. Vimal Kumar
A team of archaeologists has discovered two Vaishnava saint sculptures (also called Vamana Avathar sculptures), both around 500 years old with identical carvings on the stones, at Pongalur (the one in Avinashi taluk) and Nariyampallipudur situated seven km. apart in the district.
|Mexican site yields new details of sacrifice of Spaniards|
October 09, 2015, The Associated Press by Mark Stevenson
It was one of the worst defeats in one of history's most dramatic conquests: Only a year after Hernan Cortes landed in Mexico, hundreds of people in a Spanish-led convey were captured, sacrificed and apparently eaten.
Excavations at a site just east of Mexico City are yielding dramatic new details about that moment when two cultures clashed — and the native defenders, at least temporarily, were in control.
|Divers find 17th-century Swedish warship|
October 08, 2015, The Local (Sweden) by Staff
Swedish divers confirmed on Thursday that they have uncovered the wreck of a legendary warship which was lost off the coast of Karlskrona in southern Sweden in the 17th century.
Marine archaeologists from the Maritime Museum in Stockholm said that a wreck found near Karlskrona is that of the 'Solen' (which means 'sun' in Swedish) warship from the 1600s.
|Mike Huckabee’s 1998 Book Is Full Of Fake Quotes From America’s Founders|
October 07, 2015, BuzzFeed by Andrew Kaczynski and Mark Arce
Republican presidential candidate and former Arkansas Gov. Mike Huckabee’s 1998 book Kids Who Kill is full of spurious quotations from leading American political figures, mostly the country’s founding fathers.
A number of the quotations, such as those from Washington and Jefferson, have been routinely debunked by libraries of the past presidents but still regularly find their way into books from conservative figures. Other quotes, debunked by prominent historians, seem to be used for the first time in the book.
|Why We (Mostly) Stopped Messing With Shakespeare’s Language|
October 06, 2015, The New Yorker by Daniel Pollack-Pelzner
Last week, the Oregon Shakespeare Festival announced that it had commissioned thirty-six playwrights to translate all of Shakespeare’s plays into modern English. The backlash began immediately, with O.S.F. devotees posting their laments on the festival’s Facebook page. “What a revolting development!” “Is there really a need to translate English into Brain Dead American?” “Why not just rewrite Shakespeare in emoticons and text acronyms?” Beneath the opprobrium lay a shared assumption: that Shakespeare’s genius inheres not in his complicated characters or carefully orchestrated scenes or subtle ideas but in the singularity of his words. James Shapiro, a professor of English at Columbia University, used a regionally apt analogy to express this opinion: “Shakespeare is about the intoxicating richness of the language,” he told Oregon Public Broadcasting. “It’s like the beer I drink. I drink 8.2 per cent I.P.A., and by changing the language in this modernizing way, it’s basically shifting to Bud Light. Bud Light’s acceptable, but it just doesn’t pack the punch and the excitement and the intoxicating quality of that language.”
|Baroque painting stolen by Nazis found in Ohio home, now returned to Polish museum|
October 03, 2015, New York Daily News by Laurie Hanna
A painting stolen by the Nazis that turned up in an Ohio home has been returned to Poland.
The Baroque ‘Portrait of a Young Man’ by Krzysztof Lubieniecki had hung in the home of Janis and John Bobb for more than 20 years.
But when they realized the painting’s extraordinary history, they contacted authorities to arrange handing it back to the National Museum of Warsaw.
|Echoes of Rebellion: Modern Technology Helps Historians Map Out Battle|
October 01, 2015, Sputnik News by Staff
As the poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow once said, hardly a man is still alive that remembers the midnight ride of Paul Revere, who in April, 1775 warned the residents of Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts of the coming of the British Regulars who sought to disarm the colonists and prevent rebellion. The colonists stoutly refused, and the battle which marked the outset of the American Revolutionary War ensued.
Now, 240 years later, nobody is left who remembers the details of the conflict first-hand, but sophisticated metal detectors, ground-penetrating radars and other 21st century technology promise to help experts and enthusiasts reconstruct the exact position of combatants who participated in Parker’s Revenge, a significant ambush that occurred during the battle.
|Sainthood of Junípero Serra Reopens Wounds of Colonialism in California|
September 29, 2015, The New York Times by Laura M. Holson
A group of teenagers huddled at the foot of a statue of Junípero Serra at the Carmel Mission on Monday, there to pay homage to the Spaniard who helped colonize California in the 18th century. Only a day earlier, vandals had toppled the six-foot figure and doused it with paint, writing “saint of genocide” on a nearby triangle of stone. But now the statue was upright and scrubbed clean for visitors.
Catholic Church officials said the vandalism was the first of its kind at the mission, timed to Pope Francis’ visit to the United States, during which he elevated Father Serra to sainthood at a Mass at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington. The attack also came just hours before parishioners planned to honor Father Serra, a revered former Carmel resident whose celebrity attracts thousands of tourists each year to this quiet hamlet along Monterey Bay.
|What Every Block of New York City Looked Like 400 Years Ago |
September 29, 2015, Gizmodo by Kelsey Campbell-Dollaghan
Where the Chrysler Building stands, there may have been gray wolves and hoary bats. Chinatown was home to a long tidal creek and salty marsh. A Lenape trail wound through the entrance to the Brooklyn Bridge.
This was Manhattan in 1609, on the brink of European settlement, the year Henry Hudson sailed into New York Bay. It was a hugely diverse and rich landscape, threaded with trails used by Lenape indians. The island’s biodiversity per acre was “rivaled that of national parks like Yellowstone, Yosemite and the Great Smoky Mountains,” writes the creator of the Welikia Project, landscape ecologist Dr. Eric Sanderson, who founded the project almost 20 years ago.
|Archeologists Uncover Secrets of Revolutionary War Site|
September 29, 2015, The Associated Press by Mark Pratt
Archeologists using 21st-century technology are mapping out the exact spots British soldiers and Colonial militiamen were standing as they fired at each other during a pivotal skirmish on the first day of the American Revolution.
Parker's Revenge, as the fight is known, occurred on April 19, 1775, after the battles of Lexington and Concord as the redcoats retreated to Boston.
|The Hunt for Mona Lisa's Bones Is A Publicity Stunt, Not Science|
September 24, 2015, Forbes by Kristina Killgrove
Every summer since 2011, a report has come out that a team of Italian archaeologists is closer to finding the tomb and the bones of Lisa Gherardini, the woman who many art historians believe sat for Leonardo Da Vinci’s Mona Lisa. And every summer, the archaeologists come up empty handed, with a few scattered bones and radically revised plans for how they will salvage their quest to prove Gherardini was the Mona Lisa. But does it really matter if Gherardini is positively identified? Is it worth expending significant time and money on this attempt?
|Archaeologists find bone fragments in hunt for 'real' Mona Lisa|
September 24, 2015, AFP by Fanny Carrier
Italian archaeologists trying to solve the mystery behind one of the world's most famous paintings said Wednesday they had found bits of bone that could have belonged to the 'real' Mona Lisa.
The team is certain that Florentine Lisa Gherardini was the mysterious woman who sat for Leonardo da Vinci's portrait, but after years of research on skeletons unearthed in the Tuscan city, they have just a femur that might match -- but no DNA to test it against.
|Pope Francis canonizes controversial saint Serra|
September 23, 2015, CNN by Daniel Burke
Pope Francis on Wednesday canonized Junipero Serra, a Spanish missionary, a moment of deep pride for Latinos but a source of controversy for many Native Americans.
Serra, who came to California nearly 250 years ago, is the first saint to be canonized on U.S. soil.
|Archaeologist says he has found actual Mountain Meadows Massacre graves; it’s not on LDS-owned land|
September 19, 2015, The Salt Lake Tribune (UT) by Brian Maffly
For more than a century and a half after the Mountain Meadows Massacre, no one knew exactly where the bodies were buried.
A California-based archaeologist now says he has solved the mystery, and that it was surprisingly easy.
Last summer, Everett Bassett found what he believes are the two rock graves constructed by the U.S. Army about 20 months after Mormon militiamen and their Paiute allies slaughtered 120 westbound Arkansas migrants in southwestern Utah.