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The world doesn't need architects to make buildings. The world needs architects to make architecture.

Expanding on the medieval mantra of let's make really ornate stuff, Early Modern architects created some truly impressive structures using pre-modern construction tools before settling down with simpler and more practical designs; here are some of the more note-worthy.
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Cross-listed in ArtistsSculptors

Francois Baillairge

aka: François Baillairgé
borndied
1759, Jan 211830, Sep 15
an architect who also pursued painting and wood sculpture. A great deal of his work was in the field of painting and he was very productive although he did not achieve a level of success that matched his ambition. He had a high level of achievement as a wood-carver in architectural projects working through his father's workshop.
Links (1)


Jean Baillairge

aka: Baillairgé
borndied
1726, Oct 311805, Sep 6
a carpenter by trade and there is some reference to his being an architect. He was born in Blanzay, France and his death occurred at Quebec, Lower Canada. Jean arrived at Quebec on August 30, 1741 on the same ship as Bishop Henri-Marie Dubreil de Pontbriand and may have received assistance from the bishop to train in his field of carpentry. It is certain tha...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ArtistsSculptors

Thomas Baillairge

aka: Baillairgé
borndied
1791, Dec 201859, Feb 9
both a wood carver and architect, following the tradition of the family. By 1815, Thomas had begun his career in earnest, and from then until 1848, he designed numerous buildings; churches, houses and other projects. During this period he trained a number of students. Among his apprentices was Charles Baillairgé, his cousin's nephew. He also did wood carvin...
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Links (1)


Alphonse Balat

bornactivedied
1819, May 151839-18901895, Sep 16
a Belgian architect. After Leopold II ascended the throne in 1865, Balat became his principal architect. Balat made a number of designs for the sumptuous reception rooms of the Royal Palace of Belgium.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in ArtistsSculptors

Sebastian Herrera Barnuevo

aka: Sebastián
borndied
16191671
a painter, architect, sculptor and etcher, who was born and died in Madrid, Spain. His father, Antonio Herrera, was a sculptor; after teaching his son, Sebastiano was taught by Alonzo Cano. Like Cano, Herrera worked for Philip IV of Spain, among others in the nobility. His was held to be modest and deeply religious.
Links (1)


Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola

bornactivedied
1507, Oct 11536-15731573, Jul 7
one of the great Italian architects of 16th century Mannerism. His two great masterpieces are the Villa Farnese at Caprarola and the Jesuits' Church of the Gesù in Rome.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

Miguel Barroso

borndied
15381590
a Spanish painter, born at Consuegra. He was a scholar of Gaspare Becerra, and distinguished himself as an architect, as well as a painter. He was employed by Philip II in the Escorial, where he painted, in the principal cloister, the Resurrection, Christ appearing to the Apostles, the Descent of the Holy Ghost, and St. Paul preaching. In 1589 he was made pa...
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Links (1)


Sir Charles Barry

bornactivedied
1795, May 231812-18581860, May 12
an English architect, best known for his role in the rebuilding of the Palace of Westminster (also known as the Houses of Parliament) in London during the mid-19th century, but also responsible for numerous other buildings and gardens.
Links (1)


Charles Barry Jr.

bornactivedied
18231849-18841900
an English architect of the mid-late 19th century, and eldest son of Sir Charles Barry. Like his younger brother and fellow architect Edward Middleton Barry, Charles Jr. designed numerous buildings in London. He is particularly associated with works in the south London suburb of Dulwich.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in ArtistsSculptors

Antoine-Louis Barye

bornactivedied
1796, Sep 241810s-18691875, Jun 25
an Italian painter and architect of the early-Baroque period, active in Rome and Spain, where he helped decorate the pantheon of the Spanish kings at El Escorial. Also a sculptor most famous for his work as an animalier, a sculptor of animals.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Asher Benjamin

bornactivedied
1773, Jun 151794-18411845, Jul 26
an American architect and author whose work transitioned between Federal style architecture and the later Greek Revival. His seven handbooks on design deeply influenced the look of cities and towns throughout New England until the Civil War. Builders also copied his plans in the Midwest and in the South.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Sculptors

Guglielmo Bergamasco

aka: Guglielmo dei Grigi
bornactivedied
1485 ca1519-1530s1550
an Italian architect and sculptor of the Renaissance period. He designed and helped build various structures including the Venetian Palazzo dei Camerlenghi (1525–1528) or the Portello Gate at Padua, built in 1519. The high altar in the church of San Salvador is attributed to him. He also executed the Sant'Anna Chapel in the church of Madonna della Grazia, ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ArtistsSculptorsWriters

Gian Lorenzo Bernini

aka: Gianlorenz, Giovanni Lorenzo
bornactivedied
1598, Dec 71609-16781680, Nov 28
an Italian artist and a prominent architect who worked principally in Rome. He was the leading sculptor of his age, credited with creating the Baroque style of sculpture. In addition, he painted, wrote plays, and designed metalwork and stage sets.
Links (21)


Hendrik Beyaert

bornactivedied
1823, Jul 291846-18941894, Jan 22
a Belgian architect, considered one of the most important Belgian architects of the 19th-century. His first public commission was the head-office of his former employer, the "Banque Nationale de Belgique".
Links (1)


Cross-listed in ArtistsCartographers

Lancelot Blondeel

borndied
14981561, Mar 4
a Flemish painter, architect, surveyor and cartographer. Blondeel was born in Poperinge, but established himself as an artist at Bruges. He became a member of the painters' guild in 1519. He primarily painted commissioned religious themed works for local churches. In 1550 Blondeel and more
Links (1)


James Bloodworth

bornactivedied
1759, Mar 71788-18031804, Mar 21
A master bricklayer and builder responsible for the construction of most of the buildings in the colony of New South Wales between 1788 and 1800. Also a convict sentenced for the theft of one game cock and two hens at Esher, Surrey, sentenced to seven years at a penal colony
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

Edward Blore

bornactivedied
1787, Sep 131811-18741879, Sep 4
a 19th-century British landscape and architectural artist, architect and antiquary. In 1826, he was appointed surveyor to Westminster Abbey. In 1827 he was engaged to furnish plans for the chancel fittings of Peterborough.
Links (1)


Ignatius Bonomi

bornactivedied
17871817-18621870
an English architect and surveyor, strongly associated with Durham in north-east England. Bonomi was Surveyor of Bridges for the County of Durham, and his works included one of the first railway bridges in Britain.
Links (1)


Joseph Bonomi the Elder

bornactivedied
1739, Jan 191768-18041808, Mar 9
an Italian architect and draughtsman who spent most of his career in England where he became a successful designer of country houses
Links (1)


Cross-listed in SculptorsArtists

Joseph Bonomi the Younger

bornactivedied
1796, Oct 91824-18561878, mar 3
an English sculptor, artist, Egyptologist and museum curator. From 1824 to 1826, he was a member of Hay's expedition to Egypt where he sketched many antiquities. No doubt influenced by his family's architectural associations, Bonomi designed the entrance to Abney Park Cemetery in Stoke Newington, London (in collaboration with William Hosking), built in Egypt...
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Links (1)


Francesco Borromini

aka: Francesco Castelli
bornactivedied
1599, Sep 251619-16671667, Aug 2
an Italian architect who was a leading figure in the emergence of Roman Baroque architecture. A keen student of the architecture of Michelangelo and the ruins of Antiquity, Borromini developed an inventive and distinctive, if somewhat idiosyncratic, architecture employing manipulations of Classical architectural forms, geometrical rationales in his plans and...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Simon Bosboom

borndied
16141662
a Dutch Golden Age architect and writer. He was active as an architect in England and Germany, before working on an almshouse for the city council of Nijmegen in 1640. Just as Hubertus Quellinus had done for the city hall in 1665, Bosboom published a small instructional booklet on architecture with engravings after Vincenzo Scamozzi entitled "Cort onderwys v...
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Links (1)


Etienne-Louis Boullee

aka: Étienne-Louis Boullée
bornactivedied
1728, Feb 121762-17901799, Feb 4
a visionary French neoclassical architect whose work greatly influenced contemporary architects. His work was characterised by the removal of all unnecessary ornamentation, inflating geometric forms to a huge scale and repeating elements such as columns in huge ranges.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

Bramantino

aka: Bartolomeo Suardi
bornactivedied
1456 ca1508-1520s1530 ca
an Italian painter and architect, mainly active in his native Milan; a follower of Bramante, from whom he takes his nickname. In 1508 he was engaged in Rome. Donato Bramante taught Bramantino architecture, and the pupil assisted the master in the execution of the interior of the church of Santa Maria presso San Satiro, Milan. In 1525 Bramantino was appointed...
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Links (1)


Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart

bornactivedied
1739, Feb 151782-18071813, Jun 6
a prominent French architect. Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart designed hotels, including the Hôtel de Bourbon-Condé and the Hotel de Monaco, and a number of exclusive private residences.
Links (1)


Liberal Bruant

aka: Libéral
borndied
1635 ca1697, Nov 22
a French architect best known as the designer of the Hôtel des Invalides, Paris, now dominated by the dome erected by Jules Hardouin Mansart, his collaborator in earlier stages of the construction. A comparison of Bruant's central entrance to the Invalides, under an arched cornice packed with military trophies with Mansart's Eglise du Dome, gives a clear id...
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Links (1)


Gridley James Fox Bryant

aka: G.J.F. Bryant
bornactivedied
1816, Aug 291830-18711899, Jun 8
a 19th-century Boston architect and builder. His work was seen in custom houses, government buildings, churches, schoolhouses, and private residences across the United States.
Links (1)


David Bryce

bornactivedied
1803, Apr 31825-18761876, May 7
a Scottish architect. In the course of a busy and successful career, which was actively continued almost down to his death, he attained the foremost place in his profession in Scotland, and designed important works in most of the principal towns of the country.
Links (1)


William Buckland

bornactivedied
17341755-17731774
an architect who designed in colonial Maryland and Virginia. Most notable among his repertoire are Gunston Hall (c. 1755-1759) and Hammond-Harwood House (c. 1774).
Links (1)


Charles Bulfinch

bornactivedied
1763, Aug 81788-18321844, Apr 15
an early American architect, and has been regarded by many as the first native-born American to practice architecture as a profession.
Links (1)


William Burges

bornactivedied
1827, Dec 21844-18801881, Apr 20
an English architect and designer. Among the greatest of the Victorian art-architects, he sought in his work to escape from both nineteenth-century industrialisation and the Neoclassical architectural style and re-establish the architectural and social values of a utopian medieval England.
Links (1)


William Burn

bornactivedied
1789, Dec 201811-18461870, Feb 15
a Scottish architect, pioneer of the Scottish Baronial style. A talented architect, he received major commissions from the age of 20 until his death at 80, a remarkable 60 years of prominence.
Links (1)


Decimus Burton

bornactivedied
1800, Sep 301818-18691881, Dec 14
a prolific English architect and garden designer. Also, particularly associated with projects in the classical style in London parks, including buildings at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and London Zoo, and with the layout and architecture of the seaside towns of Fleetwood and St Leonards-on-Sea, and the spa town Tunbridge Wells.
Links (6)

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