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The world doesn't need architects to make buildings. The world needs architects to make architecture.

Expanding on the medieval mantra of let's make really ornate stuff, Early Modern architects created some truly impressive structures using pre-modern construction tools before settling down with simpler and more practical designs; here are some of the more note-worthy.
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Cross-listed in Military

Pierre Charles L'Enfant

aka: Peter
borndied
1754, Aug 21825, Jun 14
a French-born American architect and civil engineer best known for designing the layout of the streets of Washington, D.C., the L'Enfant Plan. Despite his aristocratic origins, L'Enfant closely identified with the United States, changing his first name from Pierre to Peter. L'Enfant served on General George Washington's staff at Valley Forge. While there, th...
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Henri Labrouste

bornactivedied
1801, May 111821-18681875, Jun 24
a French architect from the famous École des Beaux-Arts school of architecture. After a six-year stay in Rome, Labrouste opened an architectural training workshop, which quickly became the center of the rationalist view. He became noted for his use of iron-frame construction and was one of the first to realize the importance of its use.
Links (11)


Cross-listed in Pirates

Barthelemy Lafon

bornactivedied
17691790-18201820, Sep 29
a notable Creole architect, engineer, city planner, and surveyor in New Orleans, Louisiana. He appears to have had a double life, as a respectable architect, engineer, and citizen; but also as a privateer, smuggler, and pirate. In later life his association with piracy, specifically with Jean and Pierre Lafitte became public knowledge
Links (1)


Ustad Ahmad Lahauri

bornactivedied
unknown1632-1648unknown
an architect. He was chief architect of the Taj Mahal in Agra, India. built between 1632 and 1648. He has been described as an architect in the court of Shah Jahan.
Links (1)


Richard Lane

bornactivedied
1795, Apr 31821-18491880, May 25
a distinguished English architect of the early and mid-19th century. Born in London and based in Manchester, he was known in great part for his restrained and austere Greek-inspired classicism. He also designed a few buildings – mainly churches – in the Gothic style. He was also known for masterplanning and designing many of the houses in the exclusive V...
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Links (1)


Francesco Laparelli

bornactivedied
1521, Apr 51556-15691570, Oct 20
an Italian architect. He was an assistant of Michelangelo, and later was sent by the Pope to supervise the construction of Valletta in Malta.
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Benjamin Henry Latrobe

bornactivedied
1764, May 11784-18201820, Sep 3
a British subject and neoclassical architect. In his thirties, he emigrated to the new United States and designed the United States Capitol, on "Capitol Hill" in Washington, D.C.
Links (1)


Andre Le Notre

aka: André Le Nôtre
bornactivedied
1613, Mar 121635-16911700, Sep 15
a French landscape architect and the principal gardener of King Louis XIV of France. Most notably, he was the landscape architect who designed the park of the Palace of Versailles, and his work represents the height of the French formal garden style.
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Louis Le Vau

bornactivedied
16121630s-1660s1670, Oct 11
a French Classical architect who worked for Louis XIV of France. He was born and died in Paris. He was responsible, with André Le Nôtre and Charles Le Brun, for the redesign of the château of Vaux-le-Vicomte.
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Cross-listed in ArtistsAstronomersSculptorsInventorsScientistsCartographers

Leonardo da Vinci

bornactivedied
1452, Apr 151466-15191519, May 2
an Italian polymath whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography. He has been variously called the father of paleontology, ichnology, and architecture, and is widely considered one of the greatest pain...
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Giacomo Leoni

aka: James Leoni
bornactivedied
16861710s-1730s1746, Jun 8
an Italian architect, born in Venice. He was a devotee of the work of Florentine Renaissance architect Leon Battista Alberti, who had also been an inspiration for Andrea Palladio. Leoni thus served as a prominent exponent of Palladianism in English architecture, beginning in earnest around 1720. Also loosely referred to as Georgian, this style is rooted in I...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Sculptors

Alessandro Leopardo

borndied
1512unknown
a Venetian sculptor, bronze founder and architect. Leopardi worked between 1503 and 1505 on the chapel of Cardinal Zeno at St. Mark's, which was finished by 1515 by Antonio Lombardo and Tullio Lombardo. In 1505 he designed and cast the bronze bases, decorated in high relief, for the three great mast-like flagpoles in the Piazza San Marco. His model for the r...
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Links (1)


Pierre Lescot

bornactivedied
1510 ca1530s-1570s1578, Sep
a French architect active during the French Renaissance, "the man who was first responsible for the implantation of pure and correct classical architecture in France."
Links (1)


Joseph Christian Lillie

aka: J.C. Lillie
bornactivedied
1760, Mar 201775-18271827, Jan 29
a Danish neoclassical architect and interior designer. His early career was in Denmark, where he is mainly known for his interior designs and furniture production. His later career was in Schleswig-Holstein, where he is known for his independent architectural works.
Links (1)


Baldassarre Longhena

bornactivedied
15981620s-16801682, Feb 18
an Italian architect, who worked mainly in Venice, where he was one of the greatest exponents of Baroque architecture of the period.
Links (1)


Isaac Luck

borndied
1817, May 121881, Dec 15
a New Zealand architect. A professional builder, he arrived in Lyttelton on the Steadfast in 1851. He was the third chairman of the Christchurch Town Council. He was the brother-in-law of and in partnership with Benjamin Mountfort, and was the less well-known architectural partner for the design of the Canterbury Provincial Council Buildings.
Links (1)


Joao Frederico Ludovice

aka: João Frederico, Johann Friedrich Ludwig
borndied
16731752
a German born architect and goldsmith. Ludovice was born in Hohenhart. In 1698 he went to Italy, where he married and converted to Catholicism, changing his name to Ludovici. He worked in the altars of the Church of Saint Ignatius of Jesus and received the influences of masters as Carlo Fontana and Andrea Pozzo. The Jesuits admired his work and talent, invit...
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Links (1)


Johann Friedrich Ludwig

aka: João Frederico Ludovice
bornactivedied
16731698-1740s1752
a German born architect and goldsmith. The Jesuits admired his work and talent, inviting him to work in Portugal. There he became famous by the project for the Mafra National Palace (1717–1731) for the Portuguese king João V, among many other monuments, including churches and the tower of the University of Coimbra.
Links (1)

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