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Before the advent of photography, if you wanted a picture of something or someone, you had to draw it yourself -- or hire someone to do it for you. Artists (at least the good ones) could make a good living painting portraits, cityscapes, scenes of commoners, or still lifes; and also preserving for us the particulars of their lives, the styles of their clothes and houses and the details of their world. Here are some whose works have lived beyond their lifetimes.
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Louis Albert Guislain Bacler d'Albe

borndied
17611824
a French artist. From 1786 to 1793 he was in Switzerland, drawing many views of Mont Blanc. He was also the map-maker and the closest strategic advisor of Napoléon from 1796 (they knew each other from 1793) until 1814.
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Jacques d'Arthois

borndied
16131685
a Flemish Baroque painter who specialized in landscapes. He was especially good at painting tree trunks covered in moss and ivy. Paintings from his workshop are referred to collectively as "The Sonian Forest Painters".
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Gillis Claesz d'Hondecoeter

borndied
1575 ca1638
a Dutch painter, working in a Flemish style, painting landscapes, trees, fowl and birds. Later on d'Hondecoeter painted in a more Dutch, realistic style. Gillis was the father of Gijsbert d'Hondecoeter and grandfather of the more successful Melchior d'Hondecoeter and Jan Weenix. His daughter Josijntje married Jan Baptist Weenix.
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Melchior d'Hondecoeter

borndied
16361695
a Dutch animalier painter, was born in Utrecht and died in Amsterdam. After the start of his career, he painted virtually exclusively bird subjects, usually exotic or game, in park-like landscapes. Hondecoeter’s paintings featured geese (brent goose, Egyptian brent and red-breasted brent), fieldfares, partridges, pigeons, ducks, magpies and peacocks, but a...
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Master D. M. L.

borndied
unknownunknown
an unidentified German painter of the Renaissance period. The name assigned to him is derived from the artists insignia D. M. L. on a portrait of Martin Luther. The artist is said to be a follower of Lucas Cranach the elder from the 16th or 17th century, and obv...
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Francesco da Ponte the Elder

aka: Francesco Bassano the Elder
borndied
1475 ca1530
, or (c. 1475–1530) was an Italian painter of the Renaissance Venetian School. He was born at Vicenza. After training in Venice he established himself at Bassano. If not an actual pupil of Giovanni Bellini, he was a follower of his style. He painted a St. Bartholomew for the cathedral of Bassano, an altarpiece for the church of San Giovanni, and a Des...
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Richard Dadd

borndied
18171886
an English painter of the Victorian era, noted for his depictions of fairies and other supernatural subjects, Orientalist scenes, and enigmatic genre scenes, rendered with obsessively minuscule detail. Most of the works for which he is best known were created while he was a patient in a psychiatric hospital.
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Jan Frans van Dael

borndied
17641840
a Flemish painter and lithographer specializing in still lifes of flowers and fruit. He had a successful career in Paris where his patrons included the Empresses of Empire France as well as the kings of Restoration France.
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Louis Daguerre

borndied
1787, Nov 181851, Jul 10
a French artist and photographer, recognized for his invention of the daguerreotype process of photography. He became known as one of the fathers of photography. Though he is most famous for his contributions to photography, he was also an accomplished painter and a developer of the diorama theatre.
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Heinrich Anton Dahling

aka: Dähling
borndied
1773, Jan 191850, Sep 10
a historical and genre painter born in Hanover. In 1794 he went to Berlin, where he was engaged in miniature painting and as a teacher of drawing. In 1802 he visited Paris, and the study of the galleries there first induced him to attempt painting in oil. From 1811 until his death he was a member of the Berlin Academy, and professor at the same from 1814 onw...
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Justus DaLee

borndied
1793, Oct 11878, Jan 5
an American folk artist born in Pittstown, Washington County, New York. He married Mary Fowler October 13, 1816 at White Creek, Washington County, New York, and they had ten children. He served as a musician in the War of 1812 and was a professor of penmanship. He was active in the New York area and was known for his miniature naïve art side portraits. Medi...
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Walther Damery

borndied
16101672
a Southern Netherlandish Baroque painter. According to Houbraken he was known along with Leonard van Orley for emblems in the manner of Jacob Cats. According to the RKD he was the teacher of his younger brother Jacques Damery and Gilles Hallet. He travelled to England in 1639 and the next year he left for Italy and on the way back in 1643 he was captured by ...
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Francis Danby

borndied
17931861
an Irish painter of the Romantic era. His imaginative, dramatic landscapes were comparable to those of John Martin. Danby initially developed his imaginative style while he was the central figure in a group of artists who have come to be known as the Bristol School. His period of greatest success was in London in the 1820s.
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Hendrick Danckerts

borndied
16251680
a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter and engraver. He painted Italianate landscapes, especially views of harbors and royal residences. He also produced portraits and devotional pictures and made engravings after the Italian old masters in the Royal Collection. He left England in 1679 due to the public hostility towards Roman Catholics after the Popish Plot ...
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Johann Georg Dathan

borndied
1703unknown
a German artist, he was born in Mannheim. He excelled in painting portraits and historical subjects. One of his best works, an 'Allegory upon the marriage of the Dauphin, son of Louis XV., with the Princess Marie Josephine of Poland,' is in the Dresden Gallery.
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Charles-Francois Daubigny

aka: Charles-François
borndied
18171878
one of the painters of the Barbizon school, and is considered an important precursor of Impressionism. Initially Daubigny painted in a traditional style, but this changed after 1843 when he settled in Barbizon to work outside in nature. Even more important was his meeting with more
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Cross-listed in Sculptors

Honore Daumier

aka: Honoré
bornactivedied
1808, Feb 261822-18731879, Feb 10
a French printmaker, caricaturist, painter, and sculptor, whose many works offer commentary on social and political life in France in the 19th century. Daumier produced over 500 paintings, 4000 lithographs, 1000 wood engravings, 1000 drawings and 100 sculptures.
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Gerard David

borndied
14601523
an Early Netherlandish painter and manuscript illuminator known for his brilliant use of color. Only a bare outline of his life survives, although some facts are known. He may have been the "Meester gheraet van brugghe" who became a master of the Antwerp guild in 1515. He was very successful in his lifetime and probably ran two workshops, in Antwerp and Brug...
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Jacques-Louis David

borndied
17481825
an influential French painter in the Neoclassical style, considered to be the preeminent painter of the era. In the 1780s his cerebral brand of history painting marked a change in taste away from Rococo frivolity toward a classical austerity and severity, heightened feeling harmonizing with the moral climate of the final years of the Ancien Régime.
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Jacob de Backer

bornactivedied
15451571-15851595
a Flemish Mannerist painter and draughtsman active in Antwerp. Although the artist painted in the high mannerist style of Giorgio Vasari, he never appeared to travel to Italy. A series of the "Seven Deadly Sins", however, was bought in Antwerp by Alessandro Farnese's secretary Cosimo Masi in 1594 and taken to Italy.
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Jan de Beer

aka: Master of the Milan Adoration
borndied
1475 ca1528
a Netherlandish painter and draughtsman. Jan de Beer was born in or near Antwerp. According to the RKD he was the son of the painter Claes de Beer and the father of the glasspainter Arnould de Beer. A student at the Antwerp Guild of St. Luke, he became a master in 1504. In 1515 he became a dean of the Guild. He later took on apprentices, including his son, A...
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Joos de Beer

borndied
unknown1591
an Early Netherlandish painter from Utrecht. According to Karel van Mander, he was a pupil of Frans Floris in Antwerp, who later returned to his native Utrecht and became the teacher of Abraham Bloemaert and Joachim Wtewael. Together with Anthonie Blocklandt van Montfoort (who he knew as a fellow pupil of Frans Floris), he is known as the founder of the Utre...
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Jan de Beijer

aka: Jan de Beyer
borndied
1703, Sep 241780 ca
a Dutch draughtsman and painter known for this drawings of towns and buildings in the present-day countries of the Netherlands, Belgium and Germany. In total, he produced some 1500 drawings, over 600 of which were reproduced as engravings by other artists. De Beijer travelled through the Netherlands in summertime to draw views of cities and towns as well as ...
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Adriaen de Bie

borndied
15931667
a Flemish painter of the Baroque period, who was an important teacher of baroque painters and the father of the poet Cornelis de Bie. At age 18 he left for Paris where he studied for two years with Rudolf Schoof, the court painter to Louis the 13th. From there he left for Rome, where he stayed 6 years. He then visited the most important cities of Italy over...
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Erasmus de Bie

borndied
16291675
a Flemish painter known for his city views and landscapes. He is known for his architectural paintings, in particular city scenes, genre scenes and landscapes in an Italianate style. His main specialty was the composition of animated landscapes, in particular of city squares. He collaborated with other artists in Antwerp for whom he painted the staffage. Thi...
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Pieter de Bloot

borndied
16011658, Nov 6
a Dutch painter. De Bloot, who was born and died in Rotterdam, primarily painted landscapes and genre works, especially of countryside views and peasant subjects. He also periodically painted religious subjects. Between 1624 and 1630 de Bloot was married three times, since his first two wives died only a few months after the wedding. De Bloot died in 1658.
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Dirck de Bray

borndied
1635 ca1694
a Dutch Golden Age painter. According to Houbraken he was a multi-talented son and pupil of the painter and architect Salomon de Bray. He was known as a flower painter, but he could also sculpt. He carved a wooden bust of his father's head, that Houbraken admired and used for his engraving of Salomon in his "Schouburg". He became a monk in the Gaesdonck mona...
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Jan de Bray

borndied
16271697
a Dutch Golden Age painter. He spent most of his career working in Haarlem, where he was for many years dean of the Haarlem Guild of St. Luke. Jan de Bray was influenced by his father, Bartholomeus van der Helst, and Frans Hals. De Bray's works are mainly portraits, often of groups. He specialised in historical allegories. Among his finest works are two vers...
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Joseph de Bray

borndied
16301664
a Dutch Golden Age painter. According to the RKD he was born into an artistic family as the son of Salomon de Bray and Anna Westerbaen (sister of the painter Jan and the poet Jacob Westerbaen). He was the brother of the painters Jan, Dirck, and Jacob de Bray. He is known for fruit and flower still life paintings and some italianate landscapes. He died young ...
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Cross-listed in WritersArchitects

Salomon de Bray

borndied
15971664
a Dutch Golden Age architect and painter. He painted history paintings, portraits and landscapes. As a Catholic he probably also made altar pieces for the Haarlem underground Catholic churches known as mission stations, or staties. He was a poet and member of the Chamber of rhetoric called "De Wijngaertranken".
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Jose de Cieza

aka: José
borndied
16561692
a Spanish painter. He was the son and scholar of Miguel Geronimo de Cieza, was born at Granada. He acquired much facility in painting in distemper, and, going to Madrid in 1686, was employed to paint scenes in the theatre of Buenretiro, and became painter to the king in 1689. He likewise painted in oil historical subjects, landscapes, and flower-pieces. He d...
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Miguel Jeronimo de Cieza

aka: Miguel Jerónimo
borndied
16111685
a Spanish painter. Jerónimo de Cieza was born at Granada, and was a scholar of Alonso Cano, whom he imitated both in drawing and in colour. He painted historical pictures, and according to Palomino, his best works are in the Convent of the Angel, and in the Hospital of the Corpus Domini, at Granada. He died in Granada. His son was José de Cieza.
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Hendrik de Clerck

borndied
1560 ca1630, Aug 27
a Flemish painter active in Brussels during the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. Stylistically he belongs to the late Mannerist generation of artists preceding Peter Paul Rubens and the Flemish Baroque, and his paintings are very similar to his contemporary Marten de Vos. His exact date of birth is unknown, but in 1594 he is employed as court ...
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Jan Wellens de Cock

borndied
1480 ca1527
a Flemish painter and draftsman of the Northern Renaissance. Little is known about his life and career. He was probably born in Leiden in Holland but settled in Antwerp. In 1506 Jan is recorded in the archives of the Guild of Saint Luke in Antwerp as having accepted an apprentice called 'Loduwyck'. It is unclear in which year Jan became a master. Jan Wellens...
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Jean Henri de Coene

borndied
17981866
a Belgian painter of genre and historical subjects. Not much information is available about his life. De Coene was born at Nederbrakel. He was a pupil of David and of Paelinck, and became professor in the Brussels Academy. He died in that city in 1866. His picture of the 'Incredulity of St. Thomas' gained him the prize in 1827.
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Adam de Coster

borndied
1586 ca1643, May 4
a Flemish painter who was a prominent member of the Antwerp Caravaggisti. He is mainly known for his genre scenes with strong chiaroscuro effects. Adam de Coster’s oeuvre is mainly composed of genre paintings with half-length figures and dramatic light effects. He preferred stark chiaroscuro and returned time and again to the motif of half-length figures i...
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Wybrand de Geest

borndied
1592, Aug 161661 ca
a Dutch Golden Age portrait painter from Friesland. Wybrand de Geest was born and died at Leeuwarden. He learned painting from his father, Simon Juckesz, a stained glass worker. He studied later with Abraham Bloemaert. From 1614 to 1618 he travelled in France and Italy on a Grand Tour. De Geest was the most important portrait painter of Friesland and painted...
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Aert de Gelder

aka: Arent
borndied
1645, Oct 261727, Aug 27
a Dutch painter. De Gelder was born and died in Dordrecht. He was one of Rembrandt’s last pupils while in Amsterdam, studying in his studio from 1661 to 1663. He was not only one of the most talented of Rembrandt’s pupils, but also one of his most devoted followers. Following Rembrandts lead, De Gelder would paint such artworks as "The Baptism of Christ"...
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Jacob de Gheyn II

aka: Jacques
borndied
1565 ca1629, Mar 29
a Dutch painter and engraver, whose work shows the transition from Northern Mannerism to Dutch realism over the course of his career. De Gheyn was born in Antwerp and received his first training from his father, Jacob de Gheyn I, a glass painter, engraver, and draftsman. In 1585, he moved to Haarlem, where he studied under Hendrik Goltzius for the next five ...
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Nicolaes de Giselaer

aka: Geijselers, Geyselers, Gijselaer, Gijzelaer, Gyselaer, Gyzelaer, Ghyselaer
borndied
15831654 ca
a Dutch painter and draughtsman. De Giselaer was born in Dordrecht. Not much is known about his life, except through his works. From records it is known he was born in Dordrecht, and worked in Leiden and Utrecht in 1616, and later Amsterdam between 1616-1617. He eventually moved back to Utrecht, where he continued working until his death around 1654. The Cen...
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Pieter Fransz de Grebber

borndied
1600 ca1652/1653
a Dutch Golden Age painter. Besides history paintings, Pieter de Grebber also painted a number of portraits; furthermore many drawings and a few etchings by him have survived. From different influences, such as the Utrecht Caravaggistism, Rubens and also Rembrandt, he came up with a very personal style. He was, together with Salomon de Bray, the forerunner a...
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Cornelis de Heem

borndied
16311695
a still-life painter associated with both Flemish Baroque and Dutch Golden Age painting. He was a member of a large family of still-life specialists, of which his father, Jan Davidszoon de Heem (1606–1684), was the most significant.
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David Cornelisz de Heem

aka: David Cornelisz de Heem III
borndied
16631701
a Dutch Golden Age painter. He was the son of Cornelis de Heem and moved with his parents to Utrecht in 1667. He painted in the family tradition started by Jan Davidsz de Heem and lived in the Hague 1676-1701. He became a member of the Antwerp Guild of St. Luke in 1693 though he was probably still living in the Hague.
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Jan Davidsz de Heem

aka: Jan Davidszoon de Heem, Johannes de Heem, Johannes van Antwerpen
borndied
16061683
a still life painter who was active in Utrecht and Antwerp. He is a major representative of that genre in both Dutch and Flemish Baroque painting. De Heem was one of the greatest painters of still lifes in the Netherlands, combining a brilliance and harmony of colour along with an accurate rendering of objects: flowers, in all their variety; European and tro...
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Lambert de Hondt the Elder

borndied
1620 ca1660 ca
a Flemish painter and draughtsman mainly known for his equestrian and battle scenes as well as his genre and landscape paintings. He was probably responsible for the compositions depicting military camps, cavalry and military convoys and battles signed L.D. HONDT. These paintings are reminiscent of the manner of David Teniers the Younger. In his military sce...
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Pieter de Hooch

borndied
16291684
a Dutch Golden Age painter famous for his genre works of quiet domestic scenes with an open doorway. He was a contemporary of Jan Vermeer in the Delft Guild of St. Luke, with whom his work shares themes and style.
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Pieter de Jode I

borndied
15701634
a Flemish Baroque painter and engraver. He learned drawing and engraving first from his father, the map maker Gerard de Jode, and later from Hendrik Goltzius. His engravings of Italian master paintings became a source for Karel van Mander. He travelled to Rome in 1590 where he made his engravings of Titian, Giulio Romano and Jacopo Bassano. He travelled back...
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Pieter de Jode II

borndied
16011674
a Flemish Baroque painter and engraver. He learned drawing and engraving from his father, Pieter de Jode I (1570–1634), whose engravings were a source for Karel van Mander. He travelled to Paris with him to make engravings, and on his return he married Justa Galle, the widow of Adriaen Collaert and the daughter of Philip Galle. He started working for Antho...
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Cross-listed in Architects

Thomas de Keyser

bornactivedied
1596 ca1620s-16671667
a Dutch painter and architect. He excelled as a portrait painter, and was the most in-demand portrait painter in the Netherlands until the 1630s. In addition to portraits, he also executed some historical and mythological pictures, such as the Theseus and Ariadne in the Amsterdam town hall, now the Royal Palace. De Keyser also worked as an architect. From 16...
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Willem de Klerk

borndied
18001876
Born in The Hague; Died in The Hague


Philip de Koninck

aka: Philips Koninck
borndied
16191688
a Dutch landscape painter and younger brother of Jacob Koninck. De Koninck was born and died in Amsterdam. Little is known of his history except that he was said to be a pupil of Rembrandt, whose influence is to be seen in much of his work. He painted chiefly broad, sunny landscapes, full of space, light and atmosphere; they are seen from a high perspective,...
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Jacques de l'Ange

aka: Monogrammist JAD
bornactivedied
unknown1630-1650unknown
a Flemish painter and draughtsman known for his genre scenes and history paintings executed in a Caravaggesque style. The artist was only rediscovered in the mid-1990s as his work was previously attributed to other Northern Caravaggists and in particular those of the Utrecht School.
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Gerard de Lairesse

borndied
1641, Sep 111711, Jun
a Dutch Golden Age painter and art theorist. His broad range of talent included music, poetry, and theatre. De Lairesse was influenced by the Perugian Cesare Ripa and French classicist painters as Charles le Brun, Simon Vouet and authors as Pierre Corneille and Jean Racine. His importance grew in the period following the death of Rembrandt. His treatises on ...
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Juan de las Roelas

aka: de Roelas, Ruela
borndied
1570 ca1625
a painter who was a native of Flanders but whose entire documented career took place in Spain, where he played a major role in the transition from Mannerist to Baroque painting. It is known that in 1598 he worked in Valladolid in the commemorative ceremonies for the death of king Philip II of Spain, contributing to the design of his funerary monument. He rem...
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Jacques de Letin

aka: de Létin, de Lestin
borndied
15971661
a French painter. He stayed in Rome from 1622 to 1626, where he was influenced by Caravaggio and became friends with Simon Vouet. De Létin worked in Troyes all his life except for a period of 3 years when he worked for Simon Vouet in Rome. He is often considered ...
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Anthonie de Lorme

aka: Anthonius de Lorme, Anthonie Delorme, Anthonius Delorme, Anthonie de l'Orme, Anthonie del Orme, Anthonius de l'Orme, Anthonius del Orme
borndied
1610 ca1673
a Dutch painter. De Lorme was born in Tournai. He was active as early as 1627, and primarily painted church interiors. The detail in which he depicted the interior of the Church of Saint Lawrence, Rotterdam were used in the designs by church restorers years later. He died in Rotterdam.
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Philips de Marlier

aka: Dicke Lup
borndied
1600 ca1668
a Flemish Baroque painter and copyist mainly known for his still lifes, landscapes and history paintings. Only a few signed works of him exist and on the basis of these works some more works are attributed to him. He was a still life painter, in particular of flower pieces often including insects. As in the work of other Antwerp painters of his generation su...
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Hendrick de Meijer

borndied
16201689
a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter. He was born in Rotterdam and is considered by the RKD to be a landscape painter of the "Albert Cuyp school". He is not to be confused with the later landscape painter Hendrik de Meijer who traveled to England. He is known for dated works and is mentioned in Rotterdam archives from 1640 to 1689, but after that nothing mor...
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Pieter de Molijn

borndied
1595, Apr 61661, Mar 23
a Dutch Golden Age painter and engraver born in England. He was baptized in the Dutch Reformed Austin Friars church in London. Little is known of his early training, but he probably traveled to Italy and in 1616 he became a member of the Haarlem Guild of St. Luke. De Molijn was known for his landscapes, but he also made genre pieces, marine scenes, portraits...
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Joos de Momper the Younger

aka: Jodocus, Joes, Joeys, Josse
borndied
15641635
one of the foremost Flemish landscape painters between Pieter Brueghel the Elder and Peter Paul Rubens. Brueghel's influence is clearly evident in many of de Momper's paintings. De Momper primarily painted landscapes, the genre for which he was highly regarded during his lifetime. Only a small number of the 500 paintings attributed to de Momper are signed an...
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Louis de Moni

borndied
16981771
an 18th-century genre painter from the Northern Netherlands. De Moni was born in Breda. According to the RKD he was a pupil of Van Kessel and J. B. Biset in Breda, and from 1721-1725 he attended the Hague drawing academy associated with the Confrerie Pictura, where he studied with Philip van Dyk. He studied the works of Gerard Dou, and imitated the manner of...
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Frederik de Moucheron

aka: Fréderic
bornactivedied
16331659-1680s1686, Jan 2
a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter. He painted French, Italian, and Dutch landscapes. To finish these scenes, contemporaries specialized in painting figures collaborated with him, such as Adriaen van de Velde in Amsterdam, Theodor Helmbreker in Paris, and at times Johannes Lingelbach, and Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem.
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Isaac de Moucheron

borndied
16671744
an 18th-century painter and interior decorator (wall painter) from the Northern Netherlands. According to Houbraken when he returned from Italy he had with him a copy he had made himself after Nicolas Poussin, which the postmaster of Zwolle bought without asking him who had painted it. When Isaac later declared that it was a copy by his own hand, he claimed ...
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Francisco de Palacios

aka: Francisco Palacios
borndied
16231652, Jan
a Spanish Baroque painter. De Palacios was initially known through only two small still lifes, acquired in Madrid in late seventeenth century by Count Ferdinand Harrach Buenaventura, published by August L. Mayer in 1922, and two paintings of San Onofre and San Francisco de Asis in the convent Calatravas Moralzarzal (Madrid). When the paintings were first see...
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Willem de Poorter

borndied
16081668
a Dutch Golden Age painter. His surviving paintings today are mainly small historical allegories and still lifes with metal objects. Though he has been considered in the past by (some) 19th century historians to have been a pupil of Rembrandt, he in fact lived and worked in Haarlem, not Amsterdam. He was registered as a painter in Haarlem in 1631 and in 1634...
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Antonio de Puga

borndied
16021648
a Spanish Baroque painter. Antonio de Puga was born in Ourense, son of a tailor of the same name and Ynés Rodriguez. He was the first notable artist from Galicia, and through the research of Maria Luisa Caturla, his main biographer and scholar, an accurate dating of some aspects of his life has been possible.
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Jacob de Punder

aka: Jacques de Poindre, Jacobus de Pfunder, Jacques de Pfunder, Jacobus de Poindre, Jacobus de Punder, Jacob de Punder, Jaques Pindar
borndied
15271570 ca
a Flemish Renaissance painter mainly known for his portrait paintings. De Punder was born in Mechelen. He worked in Leipzig in 1570 before moving to Denmark, where he later died. Van Mander describes de Punder as a skilled portrait painter. Only three paintings are currently attributed to Jacob de Punder, all three portraits.
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Pieter de Ring

borndied
1615/201660, Sep 22
a Dutch Golden Age painter of still lifes. became famous for his opulent, flashy still lifes or banquet pieces with fruit, a lobster, a goblet, shrimps, oysters, a rug and Chinese porcelain. His signature is often a painted ring or with the Latinised form of his name, P.Ab.Annulo. There are no records in the Leiden Archive on his marriage or children. He app...
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Charles de Steuben

borndied
1788, Apr 181856, Nov 21
a German-born French Romantic painter and lithographer active during the Napoleonic Era. The love of classical painting was a lifelong passion of Steuben. He was a close friend to Eugène Delacroix, the leader of the French Romantic school of painting, whom he portrayed several times. Steuben was also part of this artistic movement, which replaced classicism...
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Clemente de Torres

aka: Clemente de Torvisco y Escobar
borndied
16651730
a Spanish Baroque painter of Genoese origin. De Torres started painting about 1680, and trained with Juan de Valdés Leal, inheriting his style, but the number of works that can be attributed to him is low. A few tables and six apostles painted on the pillars of the Dominican Church of San Pablo in Seville, which corroborates his being a disciple of Juan de ...
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Jean-Francois de Troy

aka: Jean-François
borndied
16791752
a French Rococo painter (including frescoes) and tapestry designer. He was one of a family of painters, being the son of the portrait painter François de Troy (1645–1730), under whom he first studied. The successful career of de Troy was based initially on large historical and allegorical compositions, such as Time Unveiling Truth (1733, National Gallery,...
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Justus de Verwer

borndied
1625 ca1689, Nov 12
a Dutch painter and illustrator from the period of the Golden Age. De Verwer was the son and pupil of Abraham de Verwer and followed him in style and theme. He produced primarily marine art. From 1651 to 1656 he was employed by the East India Company and was for that reason traveled to the East Indies. Then he settled in Amsterdam, where he married Fijtje Ca...
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Arie de Vois

aka: Ary
borndied
1632 ca1680, Jul
a Dutch Golden Age painter. Ary de Vois was born and died in Leiden. He was the son of Alewijn de Vois from Utrecht, who was organist in the Pieterskerk, Leiden. Ary became a pupil in Utrecht of Nikolaus Knüpfer, who also taught Jan Steen. Ary then returned to Leiden to study with Abraham van den Tempel, who lived there between 1648 and 1660. De Vois joined...
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Cornelis de Vos

borndied
15841651, May 9
a Flemish painter, draughtsman and art dealer. He was one of the leading portrait painters in Antwerp and is best known for his sensitive portraits, in particular of children and families. He was also successful in other genres including history, religious and genre painting. He was a regular collaborator with Rubens.
Links (1)


Marten de Vos

aka: Maarten, Maerten
borndied
15321603, Dec 4
a leading Antwerp painter and draughtsman in the late sixteenth century. Like Frans Floris, he travelled to Italy and adopted the mannerist style popular at the time. De Vos was also highly influenced by the colors of Venetian painting, and might have worked in the studio of Tintoretto. He was also the founder of the society of the Romanists, which brought t...
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Paul de Vos

borndied
1593 ca1678, Jun 30
a Flemish Baroque painter who specialized in still lifes and animal and hunting scenes. De Vos enjoyed the patronage of influential aristocrats in Spain such as the marquis the Leganes, head of the Council of Flanders in Madrid and Philippe-Charles, 3rd Count of Arenberg, then residing in Madrid. He often signed his paintings but never dated them which makes...
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Simon de Vos

borndied
1603, Oct 201676, Oct 15
a Flemish painter, draughtsman and art collector. He started his career making small-format cabinet pictures of genre scenes, in particular of Caravaggesque merry companies. Later he switched to history painting working on larger formats in a Flemish Baroque style which was influenced by Rubens and van Dyck.
Links (1)


Abraham de Vries

borndied
1590 ca1655 ca
a Dutch Golden Age painter. De Vries was born in Rotterdam. He made a grand tour and traveled to Southern France (and possibly Italy) in the 1620s. After his return north, he later made several trips to Paris and Antwerp. In 1632-1633 he made a portrait of the regents of the city orphanage in Amsterdam that is still installed on the wall for which it was des...
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Cornelis de Wael

borndied
15921667
a Flemish painter, engraver and merchant who was primarily active in Genoa in Italy. He is known for his genre paintings, battle scenes and history paintings. Through his art work, support for Flemish painters working in Italy and role as an art dealer, he played an important role in the artistic exchange between Italy and Flanders in the first half of the 1...
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Jan de Wael

aka: Hans
borndied
15581633
a Flemish painter and engraver who mainly painted religious works and landscapes. He became a master in the Guild of St. Luke in 1584 and then travelled to Paris with the painter Jan de Mayer. The principal importance of Jan de Wael lies in his role as a teacher. He trained his sons Cornelis de Wael and Lucas de Wael as painters and engravers. They resided f...
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Jacob de Wet

aka: James de Witt
borndied
16111675
a Dutch Golden Age painter, whose works were largely influenced by Rembrandt. The Great Gallery of the Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh was decorated with portraits by Jacob de Wet of 106 (possibly 110) Scottish monarchs, from the legendary King Fergus to James VII, produced to the order of James and his elder brother, Charles II.
Links (1)


Peter De Wint

borndied
17841849
an English landscape painter. De Wint first exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1807, and the following year at the Gallery of Associated Artists in Watercolours. De Wint's life was devoted to art; he painted admirably in oils, and he ranks as one of the chief English watercolorists. He died in London.
Links (1)


Jacob de Wit

borndied
16951754
a Dutch artist and interior decorator who painted many religious scenes. He was born in Amsterdam, and became famous for his door and ceiling paintings. While in Antwerp, he made a series of watercolor sketches of the Rubens ceilings in the Carolus Borromeuskerk in Antwerp. After the church was struck by lightning in 1718 these became a historical document, ...
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Emanuel de Witte

borndied
16171692
a Dutch perspective painter. In contrast to Pieter Jansz Saenredam, who emphasized architectural accuracy, De Witte was more concerned with the atmosphere of his interiors. De Witte initially painted portraits as well as mythological and religious scenes. Though few in number, de Witte also produced genre paintings..
Links (1)


Jacopo de' Barbari

aka: de'Barbari, de Barberi, de Barbari, Barbaro, Barberino, Barbarigo, Barberigo
borndied
1440 ca1516 ca
painter and printmaker. His few surviving paintings (about twelve) include the first known example of trompe-l'œil since antiquity His twenty-nine engravings and three very large woodcuts were also highly influential.
Links (1)


Henri Decaisne

borndied
17991852
a Belgian historical and portrait painter. Decaisne was born at Brussels in 1799. As early as 1814 he began to study painting under François, and in 1818 upon the advice of David he went to Paris and entered the studio of Girodet, whence he removed to that of Gros. Several pictures by him are at Versailles; among them are the 'Entry of Charles VII into Roue...
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Cornelis Gerritsz Decker

borndied
16231678
a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter. Cornelis Gerritsz Decker became a member of the Haarlem Guild of St. Luke in 1643. He painted landscapes in the manner of Jacob van Ruisdael. Some of the staffage in his landscapes was painted by Adriaen van Ostade, Philips Wouwerman and Johannes Lingelbach.
Links (1)


Jean Decourt

bornactivedied
unknown1570sunknown
an enamel painter of Limoges, who served as official portrait painter to the monarchs of Scotland and France. In 1567, he is recorded as court painter of Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots, although it is not clear if he had actually accompanied her to Scotland. In 1572...
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Wilm Dedeke

bornactivedied
1460 ca1490s-1500s1528 ca
a late gothic painter from Northern Germany. He was born in Lübeck. Dedeke completed the Altar of St. Luke (Lukas-Altar) at the Hamburg Mariendom in 1499 for the Hamburg Guild of Saint Luke. It had been left unfinished by his late colleagues Hinrik Bornemann and Absolon Stumme; Dedeke married the widow of the latter man. In 1502 he attained the title of Mas...
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Leonard Defrance

borndied
17351805
a scholar of J. B. Coclers. He painted historical pieces of large and small dimensions, also landscapes, game, fruit, flowers, and architecture. He was the first professor of design at the Academy of Liège, established by the Prince Velbruck, and afterwards filled the same post in the school of the central department of Ourthe. He died at Liège.
Links (1)


Ernst Deger

borndied
1809, Apr 151885, Jan 27
a 19th-century German religious artist. He is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting. In 1869 he became a professor in the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf (Düsseldorf Academy of Fine Arts).
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Agustin del Castillo

aka: Agustín
borndied
15651626
a Spanish Baroque painter. Del Castillo was born in Seville, and was an older brother of the painter Juan del Castillo. Both brothers were trained in painting by Luis Fernández in Seville. Afterwards he moved to Córdoba, where he painted religious frescoes and oil paintings. Most of his works were destroyed. Castillo died in Córdoba, Spain. His son Antoni...
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Juan del Castillo

borndied
1590 ca1657 ca
a Spanish Baroque painter. Many of his paintings became famous during his time due to his pupil, Bartolomé Esteban Murillo. Del Castillo was the youngest brother of the painter Agustín. Both were trained in painting by Luis Fernández in Seville. Afterwards he painted religious frescoes and oil paintings around Seville, and also in Granada and Cádiz. Amon...
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Cross-listed in AstronomersArchitects

Deodat del Monte

aka: van der Mont, Deodatus Delmont
borndied
1582, Sep1644, Nov 24
a Flemish Baroque painter, architect, engineer, astronomer, and art dealer who was part of the inner circle of Peter Paul Rubens. It is believed that he became a pupil of Rubens between 1598 (the year in which Rubens became a master) and 1600. He possibly studied under another master before becoming Rubens’ pupil. He also worked as an architect and militar...
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Sebastiano del Piombo

aka: Sebastiano Luciani
borndied
1485 ca1547, Jun 21
an Italian painter of the High Renaissance and early Mannerist periods famous as the only major artist of the period to combine the coloring of the Venetian school in which he was trained with the monumental forms of the Roman school. His nickname derived from the lucrative Papal appointment as Keeper of the Seal (piombo or "lead", as in the metal, means a s...
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Links (1)


Eugene Delacroix

aka: Eugène
borndied
1798, Apr 261863, Aug 13
a French Romantic artist regarded from the outset of his career as the leader of the French Romantic school. As a painter and muralist, Delacroix's use of expressive brushstrokes and his study of the optical effects of colour profoundly shaped the work of the Impressionists, while his passion for the exotic inspired the artists of the Symbolist movement. A f...
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Abraham Delanoy

aka: De Lanoy
borndied
17421795
a portrait painter active in the colony of New York. He was a pupil of Benjamin West in London. Nothing is known of his early training, nor of the reason or date of his journey to London, though he is said to have been the second painter to study with West, and may...
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Nicolas Benjamin Delapierre

borndied
1739 ca1802, Jan 24
a well-known and highly regarded French artist during the second half of the 18th century. One of his paintings, Portrait of a Seated Gentleman, is the subject of some mystery. The well-executed portrait, dated 1785, shows an 18th-century gentleman sitting at a desk and beginning to write on a single sheet of paper. On the desk in the foreground is a copy of...
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Paul Delaroche

borndied
1797, Jul 171856, Nov 4
a French painter. He was trained by Antoine-Jean, Baron Gros, a painter of life-size historical subjects who had many students. Delaroche's paintings, with their straightforward technique and dramatic compositions, became very popular. In 1837 Delaroche received the commission for the great picture that came to be known as the Hémicycle, a Raphaelesque tabl...
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Jules-Elie Delaunay

aka: Jules-Élie
borndied
1828, Jun 131891, Sep 5
a French academic painter. He was born at Nantes in the Loire-Atlantique département of France. Delaunay studied under Flandrin, and at the École des Beaux Arts in Paris under Lamothe. He worked in the classicist manner of Ingres until, after winning the Prix de Rome, he went to Italy; in 1856, and abandoned the ideal of Raphaelesque perfection for the sin...
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Links (7)


Nicolas-Louis-Albert Delerive

borndied
17551818
Born in Lille, France, from Spanish ancestry. He lived in Lisbon between 1792 and 1797 and then from 1800 until his death in 1818.
Gallery (6)


Willem Jacobsz Delff

borndied
1580, Oct1638, Apr 14
a Dutch Golden Age engraver and painter. Delff was born and died in Delft. He learned painting from his father, Jacob Willemsz Delff the Elder, who painted a family portrait with his sons and wife Maria Joachimsdr Nagel. Jacob's sons were all artists in their own right; Cornelis (top left in the portrait) became a still life painter, while Rochus (between Co...
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Niccolo dell'Abbate

aka: Niccolò, Nicolò, Abate
borndied
1509/121571
an Italian Mannerist painter in fresco and oils. He was of the Emilian school, and was part of the team of artists called the School of Fontainebleau that introduced the Italianate Renaissance to France. His style was modified by exposure to Correggio and Parmigianino, when he moved to Bologna in 1547. In Bologna, most of his painting depicted elaborate land...
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Simon Denis

borndied
1755, Apr 141813, Jan 1
a Belgian painter active primarily in Italy. Denis first studied in his native city of Antwerp, with the landscape and animal painter H.-J. Antonissen. The work of Balthasar Paul Ommeganck also influenced his style. He moved to Paris in the 1780s, and soon gained the patronage of genre painter and art dealer Jean-Baptiste Lebrun, whose support allowed him to...
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Balthasar Denner

borndied
1685, Nov 151749, Apr 14
a German painter, highly regarded as a portraitist. He painted mostly half-length and head-and-shoulders portraits and a few group portraits of families in interiors. Usually Denner concentrated on the face; clothes and paraphernalia were done by other painters or later his daughter. His chief peculiarity consisted in the fineness of his mechanical finish, w...
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Claude Deruet

borndied
15881660
a famous French Baroque painter of the 17th century, from the city of Nancy. Deruet was an apprentice to Jacques Bellange, the official court painter to Charles III, Duke of Lorraine. He was in Rome between ca. 1612 and 1619, where - according to André Félibien - he studied with the painter and etcher Antonio Tempesta. During his stay in Rome, he painted t...
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Alexandre-Francois Desportes

aka: Alexandre-François
borndied
1661, Feb 241743, Apr 20
a French painter and decorative designer who specialised in animals. Desportes was born in Champigneulle, Ardennes. He studied in Paris, in the studio of the Flemish painter Nicasius Bernaerts, a pupil of Frans Snyders. During a brief soujourn in Poland, 1695–96, he painted portraits of John III Sobieski and Polish aristocrats; after the king's death Despo...
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Achille Deveria

aka: Devéria
borndied
1800, Feb 61857, Dec 23
a French painter and lithographer known for his portraits of famous writers and artists. By 1830 Devéria had become a successful illustrator and had published many lithographs in the form of notebooks and albums (e.g., his illustrations to Goethe's Faust, 1828) and romantic novels. He also produced many engravings of libertine contents. Devéria's experienc...
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Eugene Deveria

aka: Eugène Devéria
borndied
1805, Apr 221865, Feb 3
a French Romantic painter of history paintings. He held to the taste for historic subjects that he painted according to the academic formulae of the time. His elder brother was the painter and lithographer Achille Devéria. He was a student of Girodet-Trioson and Guillaume Guillon Lethière and of his own brother, Achille Devéria. He exhibited for the first...
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Arthur Devis

borndied
1712, Feb 191787, Jul 25
an English portrait painter, particularly known for the type of portrait now called a conversation piece. Devis received his greatest number of commissions for portraits between 1748 and 1758. Many of the pictures show the sitters in landscapes. Although portrayed with what seems like precise topographical detail, these views, like all but one of the interio...
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Arthur William Devis

borndied
1762, Aug 101822, Feb 11
an English painter of history paintings and portraits. He was appointed draughtsman on the British East India Company's packet Antelope in a voyage in 1783, under Captain Henry Wilson. In her he was injured in an encounter with Papuans near the Schouten Islands and was then wrecked on the Pelew Islands before proceeding to Canton and thence to Bengal. He pai...
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Louis de Deyster

aka: Lodewyk Deyster
borndied
16561711, Dec 18
a Flemish artist and maker of musical instruments. His baroque paintings show a clear influence of Italian masters like Giordano, Maratta, Barocci and southern Dutch painters like Rubens, Van Dyck and Boekhorst. His daughter, Anna Deyster, born in 1696, also became a painter and maker of musical instruments. Deyster was born in 1656 in Bruges. He was a schol...
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Narcisse Virgile Diaz de la Pena

aka: Peña
borndied
1807, Aug 201876, Nov 18
a French painter of the Barbizon school. Diaz was born in Bordeaux to Spanish parents. At the age of ten, Diaz became an orphan, and misfortune dogged his early years. His foot was bitten by a reptile in Meudon wood, near Sèvres, where he had been taken to live with some friends of his mother. The bite was poorly dressed, and ultimately he lost his leg. How...
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Abraham Diepraam

aka: Diepraem
borndied
16221670
a Dutch Golden Age painter. After a trip through France he returned to the Netherlands and became a pupil of Adriaen Brouwer, whose style he copied the rest of his life. He joined the Guild of St. Luke in Dordrecht in 1648. His paintings were quite popular, and are generally small interior tavern scenes with peasants drinking or smoking.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in ComposersWriters

Albert Christoph Dies

borndied
17551822, Dec 28
a German painter, composer, and biographer. Copying pictures, chiefly by Salvator Rosa, for a livelihood, his taste led him to draw and paint from nature in Tivoli, Albano and other picturesque places in the vicinity of Rome. Naples, the birthplace of his favorite master, he visited more than once for the same reasons. During the Rome visit, Dies also compos...
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Christian Wilhelm Ernst Dietrich

borndied
1712, Oct 301774, Apr 23
a German painter and art administrator. In his own works, he was adept at imitating many earlier artists, but never developed a style of his own. Having been sent to Dresden to perfect himself under the care of Johann Alexander Thiele, he had the good fortune to finish in two hours, at the age of eighteen, a picture which attracted the attention of the king ...
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Feodor Dietz

borndied
1813, May 291870, Nov 18
a German historical and battle painter. In 1835, he executed his Death of Max Piccolomini, now in the Karlsruhe Gallery, which brought him considerable fame. He spent three years in Paris, coming under the influence of Horace Vernet and studying for a short time under Alaux. He received the gold medal in the Salon of 1839.
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Nicolas Dipre

bornactivedied
unknown1495-15321532
a French early Renaissance painter. The first written record of his existence dates from 1495 when he lived in Avignon, having lived and worked there his whole life, often working for the city government. In May 1508 he married Honorée Bigle, the daughter of joiner Jean Bigle, with whom he executed orders for the church and painted many pictures, the vast m...
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Carlo Dolci

borndied
1616, May 251686, Jan 17
an Italian painter of the Baroque period, active mainly in Florence, known for highly finished religious pictures, often repeated in many versions. The grand manner, vigorous coloration or luminosity, and dynamic emotion of the Bolognese-Roman Baroque are foreign to Dolci and to Baroque Florence. While he fits into a long tradition of prestigious official Fl...
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Cross-listed in Architects

Domenichino

aka: Domenico Zampieri
borndied
1581, Oct 211641, Apr 6
an Italian Baroque painter of the Bolognese or Carracci School of painters. Domenichino's work, developed principally from Raphael's and the Carracci's examples, mirrors the theoretical ideas of his friend Giovanni Battista Agucchi, with whom the painter collaborated on a Treatise on Painting. With the election of a Bolognese pope (Gregory XV) in 1621, Domen...
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Gerard Donck

bornactivedied
16001627-16401650
a Dutch Golden Age painter. There is very little information available about the details of his life. Donck was born and died in Amsterdam. According to the RKD he produced dated portraits in the years 1627-1640.
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Amos Doolittle

borndied
1754, May 181832, Jan 30
an American engraver and silversmith, known as "The Revere of Connecticut." His engravings included portraits and maps, made in his New Haven, Connecticut studio. He became famous for his four engravings depicting the Battles of Lexington and Concord, which were based on his first-hand reconnaissance of the battlefield.
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Lambert Doomer

borndied
1624, Feb 111700, Jul 2
a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter. Doomer seems to have done well as a painter. He was able to buy at auction a large amount of Rembrandt drawings and sketchbooks after that artist's bankruptcy in 1657. It is from his meticulous copies of these drawings that others concluded that he was a Rembrandt pupil, but that is not certain. In 1663 he made a trip do...
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Gustave Dore

aka: Doré
borndied
1832, Jan 61883, Jan 23
a French artist, printmaker, illustrator and sculptor. Doré worked primarily with wood engraving. In 1853, Doré was asked to illustrate the works of Lord Byron. This commission was followed by additional work for British publishers, including a new illustrated Bible. In 1856 he produced twelve folio-size illustrations of The Legend of The Wandering Jew, wh...
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Johann Jakob Dorner the Elder

borndied
17411813
a German artist. At first a pupil of Rösch at Freiburg and of Ignaz Bauer at Augsburg. He afterwards visited Italy, the Netherlands, and Paris; and excelled as a painter of historical and genre subjects. He was a professor and director of the Gallery at Munich in 1770, and died in that city. In the Darmstadt Gallery is a picture of 'Two Soldiers and a Maid...
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Jan van Dornicke

bornactivedied
1470 ca1509-15251527 ca
a South Netherlandish painter. His first name is sometimes spelled “Janssone”, and his last name is sometimes spelled “van Doornik” or “van Dornick”. He was active in Antwerp from about 1509 to about 1525. His paintings are classified stylistically as Antwerp Mannerism, and he may be the same person as the Master of 1518.
Links (1)


Dosso Dossi

aka: Giovanni di Niccolò de Luteri
borndied
1490 ca1542
an Italian Renaissance painter who belonged to the School of Ferrara, painting in a style mainly influenced by Venetian painting, in particular Giorgione and early Titian. From 1514 to his death he was court artist to the Este Dukes of Ferrara and of Modena, whose small court valued its reputation as an artistic centre. He often worked with his younger broth...
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Gerard Dou

aka: Gerard, Douw, Dow
borndied
1613, Apr 71675, Feb 9
a Dutch Golden Age painter, whose small, highly polished paintings are typical of the Leiden fijnschilders. He specialised in genre scenes and is noted for his trompe l'oeil "niche" paintings and candlelit night-scenes with strong chiaroscuro. He was a student of Rembrandt. Notwithstanding the minuteness of his touch, the general effect was harmonious and fr...
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Gerard Douffet

aka: Gérard, Doufeet, Duffeit
borndied
15941660
a Flemish painter. He was born at Liège, and studied for some time at Antwerp in the school of Rubens, and afterwards in Italy. He composed and designed with good taste, and his historical pictures are much esteemed. 'Pope Nicholas V. at the Tomb of St. Francis of Assisi ' (painted in 1627), 'St. Helena and the true Cross' (painted for the Abbey of St. Lawr...
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Thomas Doughty [2]

borndied
1793, Jul 191856, Jul 22
an American artist associated with the Hudson River School. Born in Philadelphia, Thomas Doughty was the first American artist to work exclusively as a landscapist and was successful both for his skill and the fact that Americans were turning their interest to landscape. He was known for his quiet, often atmospheric landscapes of the rivers and mountains of ...
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Anton Josef Drager

aka: Dräger, Joseph Anton Draeger
borndied
17941833
a historical painter. He studied under Kugelgen in Dresden, but went in 1823 to Italy and took up his quarters in Rome, where he followed, as a nondescript in life and art, his own peculiar style of colouring. In his desire to attain the charm of the colours of the great Venetians, a very faded picture of that school led him to the conviction that they paint...
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Martin Droeshout

borndied
1601, Apr1650 ca
an English engraver of Flemish descent, whose fame rests almost completely on the fact that he made the title portrait for William Shakespeare's collected works, the First Folio of 1623, edited by John Heminges and Henry Condell, fellow actors of the Bard....
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Martin Drolling

aka: Drolling the Elder
bornactivedied
17521810s1817
Born in Oberhergheim, France. Learned to paint from an artist in Schlestadt, and then attended the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. From 1802 to 1813 he worked for the Sèvres porcelain factory, contributing many engraving designs. While he exhibited his works from 1793 to 1817, he gained celebrity status in 1815 for Interior of a Kitchen. Drolling liv...
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Links (2)Gallery (8)


Cornelis Droochsloot

borndied
16301674
a Dutch Golden Age painter. There is very little information available about the details of his life. Droochsloot was born and died in Utrecht. According to the RKD he was the son and pupil of Joost Cornelisz Droochsloot and is known for genre works, landscapes and farm scenes.
Links (1)


Joost Cornelisz Droochsloot

aka: Droogsloot
borndied
15861666, May 14
a Dutch Golden Age painter. Droochsloot was born and died in Utrecht. According to Houbraken his village scenes (Boerekermisstuk) were as popular as flower pieces by Bartholomeus Assteyn. Houbraken thought he was born in Gorinchem or Dordrecht, and claimed he worked for a long time in Dordrecht. He felt his work was always according to a set pattern, where c...
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Willem Drost

borndied
1633, Apr1659, Feb
a Dutch Golden Age painter and printmaker of history paintings and portraits. He died young, at the age of 25. He is a mysterious figure, closely associated with Rembrandt, with very few paintings clearly attributable to him. He was presumably born in Amsterdam, in what was then known as the United Provinces of the Netherlands, but when and where is unknown....
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Francois-Hubert Drouais

aka: François-Hubert
borndied
1727, Dec 141775, Oct 21
a French painter and the father of Jean-Germain Drouais. Drouais was born and died in Paris. He specialized in portraits of the French nobility, foreign aristocrats, writers, and other artists. He was a pupil of Donat Nonnotte. Some of his portraits include Louis XV's last two mistresses, Madame de Pompadour and Madame du Barry respectively. He even painted ...
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Jean Germain Drouais

borndied
1763, Nov 251788, Jul 15
a French historical painter, was born in Paris. In 1783 he was admitted to compete for the great prize of painting offered by the Academy, the subject being the Widow of Nain. After inspecting the works of his fellow-competitors, however, he lost hope and destroyed his own canvas, but was consoled by the assurance of his master David that he had not done bad...
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Johann Friedrich Dryander

borndied
1756, Apr 231812, Mar 12
a German painter. From 1778 Dryander was a traveling painter at various farms in southern Hesse, before 1788 court painter at the court of the Prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken was in Saarbrücken. Dryander was court painter primarily a portrait painter of high society at the court and painted next to Prince Ludwig and his family and the upper middle class of th...
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Hendrick Jacobsz Dubbels

borndied
16211707
a Dutch Golden Age painter of marine subjects and winter landscapes, who spent much of his career working in the studios of other marine artists. Dubbels was born and lived his entire life in Amsterdam. The 1650s were the period of his best work, including his winter landscapes, which were strongly influenced by those of Jan van de Cappelle, as were his tran...
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Ambroise Dubois

borndied
1542/431614/15
a Flemish-born French painter. Dubois was born in Antwerp and became a painter of the second School of Fontainebleau. His influences were Niccolò dell'Abbate and Francesco Primaticcio. Dubois painted primarily portraits and mythological scenes. Dubreuil was painter to Marie de Médicis in 1606, decorating the Queen's Cabinet with episodes from Tancred and C...
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Pieter Dubordieu

borndied
16091678
a French Baroque portrait painter in the manner of Michiel Jansz van Mierevelt. He worked mostly in Leiden. He was studying there in 1628; in 1636 he was spending time in Amsterdam, but was back in Leiden in 1638. He became a member of the Leiden G...
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Toussaint Dubreuil

borndied
1561 ca1602, Nov 22
a French painter associated (from 1594) with the second School of Fontainebleau (together with the artists Martin Fréminet and Ambroise Dubois) and Italianism, a transitional art style. Dubreuil was born in Paris. His works in the late Mannerist style, many of which have been lost, continue in the use of highly elongated and undulating forms and crowded com...
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Jacob Duck

aka: Ducq, Duyck, Duick, Duc
borndied
16001667, Jan
a Dutch painter and etcher. Duck is thought to have been born in Utrecht. From 1611, he was trained in Utrecht to become a goldsmith, in which craft he became a master in 1619. From 1621 he took drawing lessons from Joost Cornelisz Droochsloot. He was primarily active in Utrecht, but between 1636 and 1646 also in Haarlem, while between 1656 and 1660 he live...
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Joseph Ducreux

borndied
1735, Jun 261802, Jul 24
a French portrait painter, pastelist, miniaturist, and engraver, who was a successful portraitist at the court of Louis XVI of France, and resumed his career after the French Revolution. He was made a baron and premier peintre de la reine (First Painter to the Queen), and drew the last portrait ever made of Louis XVI before the king’s execution. His less f...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Adelaide Dufrenoy

aka: Adélaïde Dufrénoy
borndied
17651825
a French poet and painter from Brittany. In 1787, her career as a writer started in earnest with a small work titled Boutade, to a friend. Also, she had a few of her poems published in the popular poetic periodical, the Almanach des Muses. The subsequent year, she tried her hand with theatre, and put on a play, l'Amour exilé des Cieux ("Love Exiled from the...
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Gaspard Dughet

aka: Gaspard Poussin
borndied
1615, Jun 151675, May 27
a French painter born in Rome. He specialised in painting landscapes of the Roman Campagna becoming, along with his exact contemporary Salvator Rosa, one of the two leading landscape painters of his time. He painted several cycles of frescoes, including one, showing various sites around Rome, at the Colonna Palace. He worked with Pier Francesco Mola, Cozza,...
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Karel Dujardin

bornactivedied
1622, Sep 271640s-16751678, Nov 20
a Dutch Golden Age painter. Although he did a few portraits and a few history paintings of religious subjects, most of his work is small Italianate landscape scenes with animals and peasants, and other genre scenes. Dujardin spent two extended periods, at the beginning and end of his career, in Italy, and most of his paintings and landscape etchings have an ...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Heiman Dullaart

borndied
1636, Feb 61684, May 6
a Dutch Golden Age painter and poet. He was a student of Rembrandt, but was better known for his poetry than for his artwork. His paintings, often trompe-l'oeils, can be seen in the Kröller-Müller Museum. As a poet he is remembered for his love sonnets Aan myne uitbrandende kaerse and Een korenwanner aan de winden, recently republished in De Nederlandse po...
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Robert Duncanson

borndied
18211872, Dec 21
an African-American painter associated with the Hudson River School. He was a landscape and portrait painter born in northern New York. In 1842 Duncanson had three portraits ("Fancy Portrait," "Infant Savior, a copy," and "Miser") accepted to the last exhibition hosted by the Society for the Promotion of Useful Knowledge which had succeeded the Cincinnati Ac...
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Cross-listed in Writers

William Dunlap

borndied
1766, Feb 191839, Sep 28
a pioneer of American theater. He was a producer, playwright, and actor, as well as a historian. He managed two of New York's earliest and most prominent theaters, the John Street Theatre (from 1796–98) and the Park Theatre (from 1798–1805). He was also an artist, despite losing an eye in childhood. In his lifetime he produced more than sixty plays, most...
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Alexandre-Hyacinthe Dunouy

borndied
17571841
a French painter known for his landscapes. A native of Paris, Dunouy began his career depicting views of the city and the surrounding region, exhibiting at the Paris Salon for the first time in 1791. exhibited views of the area around Rome and Naples; he showed regularly until 1833, save for a few absences. He received medals in 1819 and 1827.
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Francoise Duparc

aka: Françoise
borndied
1726, Oct 151778, Oct 2
a Spanish born Baroque painter who later lived in France. Françoise was introduced to painting by her father and served her apprenticeship in the studio of Jean-Baptiste van Loo in Aix-en-Provence from 1742 to 1745. It is quite difficult to follow Duparc's course as she worked in different European cities: Paris and London, where she participated in two exh...
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Jules Dupre

aka: Dupré
borndied
1811, Apr 51889, Oct 6
a French painter, one of the chief members of the Barbizon school of landscape painters. If Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot stands for the lyric and J...
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Jean-Jacques Durameau

borndied
1733, Oct 51796, Sep 3
a French painter. A son of Jacques Durameau (master printer in intaglio) and Marie Rocou (or Rocan), he was intended for an engraver by his father and trained in drawing at the studio of the sculptor Jean-Baptiste Defernex. He then entered the studio of Jean-Baptiste Marie Pierre. In 1757, he won the Grand prix de Rome, with the subject Élie ressuscite le f...
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Asher Brown Durand

borndied
1796, Aug 211886, Sep 17
an American painter of the Hudson River School. His interest shifted from engraving to oil painting around 1830 with the encouragement of his patron, Luman Reed. In 1837, he accompanied his friend Thomas Cole on a sketching expedition to Schroon Lake in the Adirondacks and soon after he began to concentrate on landscape painting. He spent summers sketching i...
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John Durand

bornactivedied
unknown1765-1782unknown
a colonial American portraitist. With John Mare, Abraham Delanoy, and Lawrence Kilburn, he was one of a number of portraitists living and working in New York City during the 1760s. Nothing is known of Durand's origins, training or upbringing, as is often the case with colonial American painters. As he is referred to in two different known sources as "monsie...
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Albrecht Durer

aka: Dürer
borndied
1471, May 211528, Apr 6
a painter, printmaker and theorist of the German Renaissance. Born in Nuremberg, Dürer established his reputation and influence across Europe when he was still in his twenties, due to his high-quality woodcut prints. He was in communication with the major Italian artists of his time, including Raphael, Giovanni Bellini and more
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Cornelis Dusart

borndied
1660, Apr 241704, Oct 1
a Dutch genre painter, draftsman, and printmaker. He was born in Haarlem. Dusart was a pupil of Adriaen van Ostade from about 1675 to 1679, and was accepted into the Haarlem Guild of St. Luke in 1679. His works are similar in style and subject to those of his mentor. Especially notable are his highly finished drawings of peasants, depicted singly in colored ...
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Jean Duvet

borndied
14851570 ca
a French Renaissance goldsmith and engraver, now best known for his engravings. He was the first significant French printmaker. He produced about seventy-three known plates, that convey a highly personal style, often compared to that of William Blake, with very crowded compositions, a certain naive quality, and intense religious feeling. According to Henri Z...
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Jean-Bernard Duvivier

borndied
17621837
a painter and drawer of portraits and historical and religious subjects, a book illustrator and a professor at the Normal School in Paris. After having been instructed by Hubert and Paul de Cock and Suvée, he studied in Italy for six years. His style is characterised by balanced composition, lifelike drawing and bright colours.
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Gerardus Duyckinck I

borndied
16951746
an artist, born in New York City in 1695, the scion of a line of Dutch artisans. In 1731, Gerardus was declared a “freeman” in his profession, which, in addition to painting portraits, seems to have included gilding frames and making looking-glasses. In addition to portraits of prominent members of the Dutch community, Gerardus painted scenes from script...
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Pieter Jacobsz Duyfhuysen

borndied
16081677
a Dutch Golden Age genre painter. Very little is known about the details of his life. Duyfhuysen was born and died in Rotterdam. According to the RKD he was also known as Colinchovius. He worked in Rotterdam except for a short stay in Haarlem, where he was probably a pupil of Torrentius, during the years 1625-1627.
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Willem Cornelisz Duyster

borndied
15991635
a Dutch Golden Age painter from Amsterdam, best known for his "guardroom scenes" (cortegaarddje), genre paintings showing the military life. After an early period as a portraitist, Duyster became a specialist in genre scenes such as merry company paintings, and military scenes. Unlike many painters of guardroom scenes, he avoided depicting prostitutes, with ...
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William Dyce

borndied
1806, Sep 191864, Feb 14
a distinguished Scottish artist, who played a significant part in the formation of public art education in the United Kingdom, as perhaps the true parent of the South Kensington Schools system. Later in his career, Dyce turned to fresco-painting, and was selected to execute a series of murals at the newly completed the Palace of Westminster. In preparation f...
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Hermann Dyck

borndied
1812, Apr 101874, Mar 25
a Bavarian painter, born at Würzburg in 1812, studied architectural and genre painting at Munich. His works are original and of great humour, and are neatly and carefully executed. The satirical designs for the Fliegende Blätter, in reference to the rage for monuments, are incomparable. He was director of the Art Schools at Munich, where he died in 1874.
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