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Cross-listed in Writers

Aodh Mac Cathmhaoil

borndied
15711626, Sep 22
an Irish Franciscan theologian and Archbishop of Armagh. He was known by Irish speakers at Louvain by the honorary name Aodh Mac Aingil ("Mac Aingil" is Irish for "Son of an Angel"), and it was under this title that he published the Irish work Scáthán Shacramuinte na hAthridhe.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Brian Mac Giolla Phadraig

aka: Mac Giolla Phádraig
borndied
1580 ca1653
an Irish poet and priest. Only a handful of his poems are extant. A cry of despair against the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland, and its consequences for the world and class to which he belonged, his Faisean Chláir Éibhir bears a striking resemblance to the poetry of the great Dáibhí Ó Bruadair.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

George MacDonald

borndied
18241905
a Scottish author, poet, and Christian minister. He was a pioneering figure in the field of fantasy literature and the mentor of fellow writer Lewis Carroll. His writings have been cited as a major literary influence by many notable authors including W. H. Auden, C. S. Lewis, J. R. R. Tolkien, Walter de la Mare, E. Nesbit and Madeleine L'Engle.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Olaus Magnus

borndied
1490, Oct1557, Aug 1
a Swedish writer and Catholic ecclesiastic, presiding as Archbishop of Uppsala and Primate of Sweden. He is best remembered as the author of the famous Historia de Gentibus Septentrionalibus (History of the Northern Peoples), printed in Rome 1555, a patriotic work of folklore and history which long remained for the rest of Europe the authority on Swedish mat...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Governance

Mahmud I

bornactivedied
1696, Aug 21730-17541754, Dec 13
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Caliphate from 1730 to 1754. Mahmud I's reign was dominated by political intrigue and wars with Persia, Austria and Russia. Mahmud I entrusted government to his viziers and spent much of his time composing poetry.
Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Governance

Mahmud II

bornactivedied
1789, Jul 201808-18391839, Jul 1
the 30th Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate from 1808 until his death in 1839. His reign is recognized for the extensive administrative, military, and fiscal reforms he instituted, which culminated into the Decree of Tanzimat ("Reorganization") that was carried out by his sons more
Timeline (3)Links (1)


Makari

bornactivedied
unknown1808unknown
Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1808–0)* Ethiopian Church


Makarios I

bornactivedied
unknown1854-1865unknown
Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1854–1865)* Orthodox Church of Cyprus


Makarios II

bornactivedied
unknown1806-1817unknown
Metropolitan of Turnovo (1806–1817)* Bulgarian Orthodox Church


Cross-listed in Writers

Nicolas Malebranche

borndied
1638, Aug 61715, Oct 13
a French Oratorian priest and rationalist philosopher. In his works, he sought to synthesize the thought of St. Augustine and Rene Descartes, in order to demonstrate the active role of God in every aspect of the world. Malebranche is best known for his doctrine...
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Links (1)


Charles Manners-Sutton

bornactivedied
1755, Feb 171791-18281828, Jul 21
a bishop in the Church of England who served as Archbishop of Canterbury from 1805 to 1828. Manners-Sutton was educated at Charterhouse School and the University of Cambridge. He married at age 23, and probably eloped with, his cousin Mary Thoroton. In 1819, he presided over the christening of the future Queen more
Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in

Francis Marbury

aka: Merbury
borndied
15551611
a Cambridge-educated English cleric, schoolmaster and playwright. He is best known for being the father of Anne Hutchinson, considered the most famous (or infamous) English woman in colonial America. Marbury's most noted work, The Contract of Marriage between Wit and Wisdom was written in 1579 while he was in prison. It was a moral interlude or "wit play", f...
more
Links (1)


Pope Marcellus II

aka: Marcello Cervini degli Spannochi
bornactivedied
1501, May 61535-15551555, May 1
Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 9 April 1555 until his death 22 days later on 1 May 1555. Though Marcellus II desired to reform many of the inner workings of the church, his feeble constitution succumbed to the fatigues of the conclave, the exhausting ceremonies connected with his ascension, the anxieties arising from his high office, and overexertion...
more
Timeline (1)Links (1)Notes (1)


Pope Mark V

bornactivedied
unknown1603-16191619
the 98th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark for the Coptic Orthodox Church. There is little information available about the details of his life and reignHe resided at the Church of the Virgin Mary (Haret Zuweila). He is buried in the Monastery of Saint Macarius the Great.
Links (1)


Pope Mark VI

aka: Abba Marcos VI
bornactivedied
unknown1646-16561656, Apr 20
the 101st Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark for the Coptic Orthodox Church. Pope Mark evidently entertained the Syrian Bishop Ahatallah for some time during his papacy. Bishop Ahatallah was in Cairo when Pope Pope Mark received a letter from Thomas, Archdeacon of the Saint Thomas Christian community of India asking for a new bishop in the...
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Links (1)


Pope Mark VII

bornactivedied
unknown1745-17691769, May 18
the 106th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark for the Coptic Orthodox Church. Pope Mark VII was born in the city of Klosna, in the district of El Bahnasa, and his lay name was Simeon. He joined the Monastery of Saint Anthony at a young age, then moved to the Monastery of Saint Paul the Anchorite, where he became a monk and was ordained a pr...
more
Links (1)


Pope Mark VIII

bornactivedied
unknown1796-18091809, Dec 21
the 108th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark for the Coptic Orthodox Church. He became a monk in the Monastery of Saint Anthony. During his papacy there were two major changes in ruling of Egypt as at the beginning Egypt was ruled by the Ottoman Empire then the French Invasion of Egypt in 1798 followed by the return of the Ottomans in 1801...
more
Links (1)


Markos

bornactivedied
unknown1694-1716unknown
Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1694-1716)* Ethiopian Church


Eliyya X Yohannan Marogin

bornactivedied
unknown1660-1700unknown
Patriarch (1660-1700)* Assyrian Church of the East


Eliyya XI Marogin

bornactivedied
unknown1700-1722unknown
Patriarch (1700-1722)* Assyrian Church of the East


Cross-listed in Explorers

Jacques Marquette

aka: Père Marquette, James, Jim
borndied
1637, Jun11675, May 18
a French Jesuit missionary who founded Michigan's first European settlement, Sault Ste. Marie, and later founded St. Ignace, Michigan. In 1673 Father Marquette and Louis Jolliet were the first Europeans to explore and map the northern portion of the Mississippi River.
Timeline (2)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Edward Garrard Marsh

borndied
17831862
an English poet and Anglican clergyman. He studied at Wadham College, Oxford, and on graduating became a Fellow of Oriel College, Oxford. He was a curate at Nuneham, and then bought a chapel in Hampstead. He became Residentiary Canon at Southwell. He was vicar of Sandon, Hertfordshire and then Aylesford, Kent. He was Bampton Lecturer in 1848. While he had co...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

John Marshall [1]

borndied
15341597, Apr 3
an English Roman Catholic priest. He was one of the six companions associated with William Allen in the foundation of the English College at Douai, in 1568. It was during his time at Leuven that Marshall brought out the two major works for which he is known. The first of these, Treatise of the Cross (Antwerp, 1564), was a defence of the honour paid by Cathol...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

John Marston

bornactivedied
1576, Oct 71598-16341634, Jun 25
an English poet, playwright and satirist during the late Elizabethan and Jacobean periods. His career as a writer lasted a decade, and his work is remembered for its energetic and often obscure style, its contributions to the development of a distinctively Jacobean style in poetry, and its idiosyncratic vocabulary. Marston's brief career in literature began ...
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Links (9)


Cross-listed in Composers

Charles-Amador Martin

borndied
1648, Mar 71711, June 19
the second Canadian to be ordained a priest, the first being Germain Morin. He was to become well known for his participation in church services as a musician. It has been noted that he raised the musical quality of the religious ceremonies at the Quebec Cathedral. There has been research into certain musical compositions that have been attributed to Father ...
more
Links (1)


John Martin [2]

borndied
17411820
an English Particular Baptist minister. In 1760 Martin moved to London to sit under John Gill. He was baptised by the Rev. Mr. Clark in a garden, Gamlingay, Bedfordshire, and joined the ministry of the Particular Baptists. He was called successively to Kimbolton, Huntingdonshire, Shepshed in Leicestershire where he was an itinerant preacher, and in 1773 to G...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Governance

Queen Mary I

bornactivedied
1516, Feb 181553-15581558, Nov 17
the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. Her executions of Protestants led to the posthumous sobriquet "Bloody Mary". As the fourth crowned monarch of the Tudor dynasty, Mary is remembered for her restoration of Roman Catholicism after her half-brother's short-lived Protestant reign. During her five-year reign, she had over 280 religi...
more
Timeline (5)Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Governance

Queen Mary II

bornactivedied
1662, Apr 301689-16941694, Dec 28
joint Sovereign of England, Scotland, and Ireland and Supreme Governor of the Church of England with her husband (who was also her first cousin), William III and II, from 1689 until her death. William and Mary, both Protestants, became king and queen regnant, respectively, following the Glorious Revolution, which resulted in the deposition of her Roman Catho...
more
Timeline (5)Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Francis Mason

borndied
1566 ca1621
an English churchman, archdeacon of Norfolk and author of Of the Consecration of the Bishops in the Church of England (1613), a defence of the Church of England and the first serious rebuttal of the Nag's Head Fable put about as denigration of Matthew Parker and Anglican orders. Mason is known for on vigorous defence of the authority of the church of England...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Thomas Master

borndied
16031643, Aug 31
an English poet and divine. He also assisted Edward Herbert, Baron Herbert of Cherbury, in his writing of the Life of Henry VIII. He was educated at Cirencester Grammar School and Winchester College. There he obtained a scholarship to New College, Oxford, where h...
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Links (1)


Matevos I [1]

bornactivedied
unknown1694-1705unknown
Catholicose of Cilicia (1694-1705)* Armenian Apostolic Church


Matevos I [2]

bornactivedied
unknown1858-1865unknown
Catholicose of All Armenian (1858–1865)* Armenian Apostolic Church


Cross-listed in WritersScientists

Cotton Mather

bornactivedied
1663, Feb 121685-17261728, Feb 13
a socially and politically influential New England Puritan minister, prolific author, and pamphleteer. Known for his vigorous support for the Salem witch trials, he also left a scientific legacy due to his hybridization experiments and his promotion of inoculation for disease prevention. He was subsequently denied the Presidency of Harvard College which his ...
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Timeline (1)Links (16)


Matthaios Psaltis

bornactivedied
unknown1740s-1760sunknown
Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria for the Greek Orthodox Church (1746-1766). He was born on the island of Andros He served as Metropolitan of Libya and Hegumen (Abbot) of the Zlatari Monastery of Vlachia. He was elected Patriarch of Alexandria on 18th August 1746. Despite the lack of funds of the Patriarchate he went ahead with renovations of the buildings, i...
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Notes (1)


Mattheos

bornactivedied
unknown1797-1802unknown
Metropolitan of Turnovo (1797-1802)* Bulgarian Orthodox Church


Matthew II

bornactivedied
unknown1596-16031603
the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople three times, shortly in 1596, from 1598 to 1602 and for a few days in 1603. Matthew was born in the village Kleinovo (now part of Kalabaka), and he became Metropolitan of Ioannina. In early 1596 he was elected Ecumenical Patriarch, but the election was not recognized because the Holy Synod that elected him was not ...
more
Links (1)Notes (1)


Ignatius Matthew

bornactivedied
unknown1782-1817unknown
Patriarch of Antioch and All the East (1782-1817)* Syrian Orthodox Church


Matthew III

bornactivedied
unknown1631-16461646, Mar 31
the 100th Pope of Alexandria for the Coptic Orthodox Christian Church from 1631 to 1646 and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. His papacy was during the time when Egypt was part of the Ottoman Empire and was ruled by consecutive short-term (2–3 years each) representatives of the sultan and the church was under much pressure from the rulers. He studied the C...
more
Links (1)


Matthew IV

aka: Anba Matta El-Meeri
bornactivedied
unknown1660-16751675, Aug 15
the 102nd Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark for the Coptic Orthodox Church. He was originally from Meer, hence the name Elmeeri, and joined the Paromeos Monastery in the Nitrian Desert before becoming a Pope. On his first day as a Coptic Pope he transferred the Seat of the Coptic Orthodox Pope of Alexandria from Church of the Virgin Mary ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Charles Maturin

aka: C. R. Maturin
borndied
1782, Sep 251824, Oct 30
an Irish Protestant clergyman (ordained in the Church of Ireland) and a writer of Gothic plays and novels. His best known work is the novel Melmoth the Wanderer. His first three works were Gothic novels published under the pseudonym Dennis Jasper Murphy and were critical and commercial failures. They did, however, catch the attention of Sir Walter Scott, who...
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Links (1)


Maximus IV

aka: Manasses
bornactivedied
unknown1491-1497unknown
an Orthodox Christian monk and bishop. He was Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople from 1491 to 1497. He was previously the Metropolitan of Serres. During his reign arose some pieces of gossip about him, not specified by the sources, which led to his deposition in early 1497. After his resignation he remained actively involved with ecclesias...
more
Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Composers

Alberich Mazak

aka: Alberik Mazák
borndied
16091661, May 9
a 17th-century Czech-Austrian composer. Mazak was born in Ratibor to a Czech family. After studying music and philosophy, he entered Heiligenkreuz Abbey in 1631 and was ordained a priest in 1633. Mazak created more than 300 compositions. He wrote masses, litanies, offertories, antiphons, psalms and sacred cantatas. The instruments he used most were the violi...
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Links (1)


Cardinal Jules Raymond Mazarin

bornactivedied
1602, Jul 141628-16531661, Mar 9
an Italian cardinal, diplomat, and politician, who served as the Chief Minister to the King of France from 1642 until his death. Mazarin succeeded his mentor, Cardinal Richelieu. He was a noted collector of art and jewels, particularly diamonds, and he bequeathed the "Mazarin diamonds" to Louis XIV in 1661, some of which remain in the collection of the Louvr...
more
Timeline (5)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Governance

Mehmed III

aka: Muhammed III
bornactivedied
1566, May 261595-16031603, Dec 21/22
the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1595 until his death in 1603. His reign is mostly remembered from his murders of his siblings and causing a general period of revolts and unease. Mehmed III was more conservative than his predecessor and largely halted artistic patronage, including support of the Society of Miniaturists. His reign saw no majo...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Governance

Mehmed IV

aka: Muhammed) IV
bornactivedied
1642, Jan 21648-16871693, Jan 6
the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1648 to 1687. Taking the throne at age six, his reign was significant as he changed the nature of the Sultan's position forever by giving up most of his executive power to his Grand Vizier. He ascended to the throne in 1648 at the age of only six. His ascension marked the end of a very volatile time for the Ot...
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Links (1)


Petrus Johannes Meindaerts

bornactivedied
unknown1739-1767unknown
Archbishop of Utrecht (1739-1767)*Old Catholicism: Church of Utrecht


Erik Gabriel Melartin

bornactivedied
1780, Jan 111833-18471847, Jul 8
the Archbishop of Turku between 1833 and 1847, and (after his death) the spiritual head of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland between 1850 and 1884. Melartin studied in Porvoo and Turku academy . He was a lecturer at the Vyborg high school years 1805-1810 and the Old Finnish education director of the years 1810-1814. He received in 1812 the appointme...
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Links (1)


Meletios

bornactivedied
unknown1761-1767unknown
Metropolitan of Durrë (1761-1767)* Orthodox Church of Albania


Meletios II

bornactivedied
unknown1703-1713unknown
Metropolitan of Athens (1703-1713)* Orthodox Church of Greece


Meletios I

bornactivedied
unknown1731-1737unknown
Patriarch (1731-1737)* Patriarchate of Jerusalem


Meletios I Pegas

aka: Meletius
bornactivedied
15491590-16011601, Sep 12
served as Greek Patriarch of Alexandria between 1590 and 1601. Simultaneously from 1597 to 1598 he served also as locum tenens of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople for the Church of Constantinople. He is honoured as a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church.
Links (1)Notes (2)


Meletius II

bornactivedied
unknown1750-1769unknown
a Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (for the Church of Constantinople) during the period 1768-1769. He was born in Tenedos. From 1750 until 1768 he served as metropolitan bishop of Larissa and then was elected Ecumenical Patriarch. During the uprising of 1769 he was dismissed and was exiled to Mytilene. In 1775, with permission of the Sultan Mustafa III...
more
Links (1)Notes (1)


Meletius III

bornactivedied
17721828-18451845
the Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople in 1845. He was protosynkellos during the tenure of Patriarch Agathangelos of Constantinople. In August 1828, Meletius was elected metropolitan of Amaseia in northern Turkey, succeeding Metropolitan Neophytus who had resigned. During his term as patriarch, Meletius merged the bishopric of Lambi with t...
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Links (2)Notes (1)


Carl Fredrik Mennander

aka: Karl Fredrik
bornactivedied
1712, Jul 191757-17861786, May 22
the Bishop of Turku, Finland, from 1757–1775 and then Archbishop of Uppsala in the Lutheran Finish Church from 1775 to his death. He was ordained priest, and also had a professorship in physics. In 1757 he was consecrated Bishop of Turku. In 1775 he was elected Archbishop of Uppsala by the cathedral chapter and settled in Uppsala. He became highly engaged ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Scientists

Marin Mersenne

aka: Mersennus
borndied
1588, Sep 81648, Sep 1
a French theologian, philosopher, mathematician and music theorist, often referred to as the "father of acoustics". Mersenne, an ordained priest, had many contacts in the scientific world and has been called "the center of the world of science and mathematics during the first half of the 1600s."
Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Jean Meslier

borndied
1664, Jun 151729, Jun 17
a French Catholic priest (abbé) who was discovered, upon his death, to have written a book-length philosophical essay promoting atheism. Described by the author as his "testament" to his parishioners, the text denounces all religion. When Meslier died, there were found in his house three copies of a 633-page octavo manuscript in which the village curate den...
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Links (1)


Methodios II

bornactivedied
unknown1757-1759unknown
Archbishop of Ohrid (1757-1759)* Orthodox Church of Macedonia


Methodios I [1]

bornactivedied
unknown1708-1709unknown
Archbishop of Ohrid (1708-1709)* Orthodox Church of Macedonia


Methodios I [2]

bornactivedied
unknown1823-1850unknown
Patriarch (1823–1850)* Patriarchate of Antioch


Methodius III

aka: Moronis, Maronis
bornactivedied
unknown1646-16791679
the Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople in 1668–1671. Descended from Crete, he served at the Church of the Theotokos of Chrysopigi in Galata. In 1646 he was elected Metropolitan of Heraclea, and on 5 January 1668 he was elected Ecumenical Patriarch, succeeding Patriarch Clement. But because former Patriarch Parthenius was hostile towards...
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Links (1)Notes (1)


Metodije

bornactivedied
unknown1791-1801unknown
Metropolitan of Belgrade (1791-1801)* Serbian Orthodox Church


Stefan Metohijac

bornactivedied
unknown1708-1709unknown
Metropolitan of Krusedol (1708-1709)* Serbian Orthodox Church


Metrophanes III

bornactivedied
15201546-15801580, Aug 9
the Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople two times, from 1565 to 1572 and from 1579 to 1580. In 1546 he was appointed Metropolitan of Caesarea by his personal friend Patriarch Dionysius II, who sent him to Venice mainly to raise funds, but Metrophanes went also to Rome and met the Pope. He was elected Patriarch the first time in January or F...
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Links (1)Notes (1)


Laurentius Metsius

borndied
1520 ca1580, Sep 18
the second bishop of 's-Hertogenbosch, in the Habsburg Netherlands. As ex officio abbot of the Abbey of Tongerlo he sat in the First Estate of the States of Brabant during the early years of the Dutch Revolt. As a member of the States of Brabant, Metsius was a signatory to the 1577 Union of Brussels, but his loyalty to the traditional order made him suspect ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Astronomers

John Michell

borndied
1724, Dec 251793, Apr 29
an English clergyman and natural philosopher who provided pioneering insights in a wide range of scientific fields, including astronomy, geology, optics, and gravitation. Considered "one of the greatest unsung scientists of all time", he was the first person known to propose the existence of black holes in publication, the first to suggest that earthquakes t...
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Links (1)


Mihailo II Jovanovic

bornactivedied
unknown1859-1881unknown
Metropolitan of Serbia (1859–1881)* Serbian Orthodox Church


Mikael I

bornactivedied
unknown1737-1758unknown
Catholicose of Cilicia (1737-1758)* Armenian Apostolic Church


Mikael II

bornactivedied
unknown1833-1855unknown
Catholicose of Cilicia (1833–1855)* Armenian Apostolic Church


Mikhail

bornactivedied
unknown1818-1821unknown
Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1818–1821)* Russian Orthodox Church


Cross-listed in Writers

Johann Martin Miller

borndied
1750, Dec 31814, Jun 21
a German theologian and writer. He is best known for his novel Siegwart, which became one of the most successful books at the time. During his years in Göttingen, Miller mainly wrote folk songs, many of which were set to music during his lifetime and are still found in different songbooks today. After he had returned to his hometown, he then published in 17...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in MilitaryWriters

William Miller

bornactivedied
1782, Feb 151809-18491849, Dec 20
an American Baptist preacher who is credited with beginning the mid-19th century North American religious movement known as the Millerites. After his prophecies of the Second Coming did not occur as expected in the 1840s, new heirs of his message emerged, including the Advent Christians (1860), the Seventh-day Adventists (1863) and other Adventist movements....
more
Timeline (4)Links (16)


Cross-listed in Writers

Henry Hart Milman

borndied
1791, Feb 101868, Sep 24
an English historian and ecclesiastic. Educated at Eton and at Brasenose College, Oxford, his university career was brilliant. In 1821 Milman was elected professor of poetry at Oxford; and in 1827 he delivered the Bampton lectures on The character and conduct of the Apostles considered as an evidence of Christianity. In 1835, Sir Robert Peel made him Rector...
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Links (1)


Karl von Miltitz

borndied
1490 ca1529, Nov 20
a papal nuncio and a Mainz Cathedral canon. He met with Luther in Altenburg on 5–6 January 1519, and negotiated a tentative settlement to the controversy: Luther would remain silent on the indulgence issue, write a conciliatory letter to the Pope and write and publish a tract supporting papal authority. Luther's silence was contingent on the silence of his...
more
Timeline (1)Links (1)


Minas I

bornactivedied
unknown1751-1753unknown
Catholicose of All Armenian (1751-1753)*


Joaquin Minguez

aka: Joaquín Mínguez
bornactivedied
unknown1770sunknown
chaplain in the cathedral of El Burgo de Osma (Soria). Hid a 'time capsule'letter in a statue of Christ in his church.


Mitrofanis II

bornactivedied
unknown1716-1719unknown
Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1716-1719)* Romanian Orthodox Church


Mitrophanes Kritikopoulos

bornactivedied
unknown1636-1639unknown
Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria for the Greek Orthodox Church (1636-1639). His activities were mainly expressed through his letters and were about the Orthodox Church in general.
Notes (1)


Moisey

bornactivedied
17831832-18341834
Exarch (appointed by the Russian Church) of Georgia (24 Mar 1832 - 25 Jul 1834) for the Orthodox Church of Georgia.
Notes (1)


Mojsije II Putnik

bornactivedied
17281757-17811790
0 (1781-1790)* Serbian Orthodox Church


Mojsije I Petrovic

bornactivedied
unknown1727-1730unknown
Metropolitan of Karlovci (1727-1730)* Serbian Orthodox Church


Mojsije Putnik

bornactivedied
unknown1773-1781unknown
0 (1773-1774, 1780-1781)* Serbian Orthodox Church


Mojsije Rajovic

bornactivedied
unknown1712-1725unknown
Patriarch (1712-1725)* Serbian Orthodox Church


Cross-listed in Writers

Nicolas-Hubert de Mongault

borndied
1674, Oct 61746, Aug 11
a French ecclesiastic and writer. He was born and died in Paris. He frequented the salon of Madame Lambert and translated from Greek a history of Herodian (1700) and Letters of Latin Cicero to Atticus (1701). He was elected member of the French Academy in 1718 and was appointed abbot of Villeneuve, at Bignon, in 1719, a position he held until his death.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Donald Monro

bornactivedied
unknown1526-1574unknown
a Scottish clergyman, who wrote an early and historically valuable description of the Hebrides and other Scottish islands and enjoyed the honorific title of "Dean of the Isles". Monro became the vicar of Snizort and Raasay in 1526 later noting that although the latter (and the adjacent island of Rona) pertained to the Bishop of the Isles "by heritage" that i...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Richard Montagu

aka: Mountague
borndied
15771641, Apr 13
an English cleric and prelate. On the death, in 1614, of Isaac Casaubon, with whom he had previously corresponded about the Exercitationes ad Baronii Annales (against Baronius), Montagu was directed by the king to publish the work. It appeared the same year, and in 1615 James requested him to prepare an answer to Baronius on similar lines. This work, based o...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Walter Montagu

aka: David Cutler
borndied
16031677
an English courtier, secret agent (a.k.a. David Cutler) and Benedictine abbot. He continued to work in France, funded as a secret service agent, returning to England in 1633. At court he distinguished himself by his pastoral drama, entitled The Shepherd's Paradise, which he had published in 1629. He entered a Benedictine monastery, and was professed in the o...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Bernard de Montfaucon

borndied
1655, Jan 131741, Dec 21
a French Benedictine monk of the Congregation of Saint Maur. He was an astute scholar who founded the discipline of palaeography, as well as being an editor of works of the Fathers of the Church. He is regarded as one of the founders of modern archaeology. In 1687 Montfaucon was called to the Abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés and he started to work on an edit...
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Links (1)


John Moore

bornactivedied
1730, Apr 261771-18051805, Jan 18
the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1783 to 1805 in the Church of England. Having taken holy orders, he was for some years tutor to Lords Charles and Robert Spencer, younger sons of the second Duke of Marlborough. On 21 September 1761, he was preferred to the fifth prebendal stall in the church of Durham, and in April 1763, to a canonry at Christ Church, Oxfor...
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Jose Maria Morelos

aka: José María
borndied
1765, Sep 301815, Dec 22
a Mexican Roman Catholic priest and revolutionary rebel leader who led the Mexican War of Independence movement, assuming its leadership after the execution of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla in 1811. Morelos along with Ignacio López Rayón are credited for the organizational stage of the war of independence. Under Morelos the Congress of Anáhuac was installed o...
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Cross-listed in Writers

John Morgan [1]

aka: John Morgan Matchin, John Morgan of Matchin
borndied
1688, Feb 71733/34, Feb 28
a Welsh clergyman, scholar and poet. Morgan had a particular interest in Welsh literature, and was one of the "London Welsh", a group intent on preserving and promoting Welsh culture in the capital, from around the time of his appointment to Matching. He wrote poetry, but was also a prose writer and translator. His best known work is Myfyrdodau bucheddol ar ...
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William Morgan

borndied
15451604, Sep 10
a Bishop of Llandaff and of St Asaph, and the translator of the first version of the whole Bible into Welsh from Greek and Hebrew. He graduated BA in 1568 and MA in 1571, before seven years of Biblical studies, including a study of the Bible in Greek, Hebrew and Aramaic and the works of the Church Fathers and contemporary Protestant theologians.He began work...
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Eduard Morike

aka: Mörike
bornactivedied
1804, Sep 81831-18561875, Jun 4
a German Romantic poet and writer of novellas and novels. His first published work was the novel Maler Nolten (“The painter Nolten”, 1832), a Bildungsroman and fantastic tale about the life of a painter, and which revealed his imaginative power; it became fairly popular. The novella Mozart auf der Reise nach Prag (“Mozart on the way to Prague”, 1856)...
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Germain Morin

borndied
1642, Jan1702, Aug 20
Born in Quebec City and the first Canadian to be ordained priest. Morin's main contribution to the early church in New France was his execution of his duties as secretary of the bishopric of Quebec. After 1670, he served as a parish priest in a number of locations. He died at the Hôtel-Dieu de Québec.
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Cross-listed in Writers

Saul Levi Morteira

aka: Mortera
bornactivedied
1596 ca1616-16601660, Feb 10
a Dutch rabbi of Portuguese descent. Morteira was the founder of the congregational school Keter Torah, in the highest class of which he taught Talmud and Jewish philosophy. He had also to preach three times a month, and received an annual remuneration of 600 guilders and 100 baskets of turf. Morteira's polemical sermons in Hebrew against the Catholic Church...
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John Morton

borndied
1420 ca1500, Sep 15
an English prelate who served as Archbishop of Canterbury from 1486 until his death and also Lord Chancellor of England from 1487. He was elevated to the cardinalate in 1493. After the dynastic change to the Tudors in 1485, King Henry VII made him Archbishop of Canterbury on 6 October 1486, and appointed him Lord Chancellor of England in 1487. In 1493 he was...
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Thomas Morton [1]

borndied
1564, Mar 201659, Sep 20
an English churchman, bishop of several dioceses. Well-connected and in favour with King James, he was also a significant polemical writer against Roman Catholic views. He rose to become Bishop of Durham, but despite a record of sympathetic treatment of Puritans as a diocesan, and underlying Calvinist beliefs shown in the Gagg controversy, his royalism saw h...
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Anthony of the Mother of God

aka: Antonio Oliva y Ordás
borndied
15831637, Nov 27
a Spanish Discalced Carmelite friar, who was notable as a professor of philosophy and theology. As a young man, he entered the Order of Discalced Carmelites around 1600. After completing his studies at their seminary, then part of the University of Salamanca, in 1609 he was ordained a Catholic priest. With the collaboration of his colleagues, Anthony underto...
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Cross-listed in Composers

Richard Mudge

bornactivedied
17181741-17571763, Apr
an English clergyman and composer of the late baroque period. Mudge became curate of the villages of Great and Little Packington in 1741. Between 1745 and 1757 he was Rector at Little Packington, and from 1750 he was also Curate of St. Bartholomew's Chapel in Birmingham. In 1749 he published a set of six, string concertos (6 Concertos in Seven Parts). The la...
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Johannes Muehlhaeuser

aka: Mühlhäuser
borndied
1804, Aug 91868, Sep 15
the "Father of the Wisconsin Synod" (Evangelical Lutheran) and President (1849–1860). Born in Notzingen, Württemberg. He was imprisoned from March–October 1832 on charge of proselytizing and organizing secret societies. He was sent to America in 1837 as a teacher, which he failed at. He was ordained by New York Ministerium and became a pastor in Rochest...
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Cross-listed in Governance

Frederick Muhlenberg

bornactivedied
1750, Jan 11770-18011801, Jun 4
an American minister and politician who was the first Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. A delegate to the Pennsylvania state constitutional convention and a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania and a Lutheran pastor by profession, Muhlenberg was born in Trappe, Pennsylvania. His home, known as The Speaker's House...
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Cross-listed in MilitaryGovernance

Peter Muhlenberg

borndied
1746, Oct 11807, Oct 1
an American clergyman, Continental Army soldier during the American Revolutionary War, and political figure in the newly independent United States. A Lutheran minister, he served in the United States House of Representatives and United States Senate from Pennsylvania. Muhlenberg was elected to the 1st Congress (1789–1791) as one of the at-large representat...
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Cross-listed in Governance

Murad III

bornactivedied
1546, Jul 41574-15951595, Jan 15/16
the emperor and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1574 until his death in 1595. Murad's reign is most remembered as a period of economic stagnation and failures in seemingly endless warfare on two fronts. Murad's reign was a time of financial stress for the Ottoman state. To keep up with advances in European technology, the Ottomans trained infantrymen in th...
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Cross-listed in Governance

Murad IV

bornactivedied
1612, Jul 26/271623-16401640, Feb 8
the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1623 to 1640, known both for restoring the authority of the state and for the brutality of his methods. Murad IV was born in Istanbul, the son of Sultan Ahmed I (r. 1603–17) and the ethnic Greek Valide Kösem Sultan. Brought to power by a palace conspiracy in 1623, he succeeded his uncle Mustafa I (r. 1617-1...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Lukijan Musicki

aka: Mušicki
borndied
1777, Jan 271837, Mar 15
a Serbian poet, prose writer, and polyglot. On leaving school with little means of support, he devoted himself to letters, and in 1800 published a collection of poems in Serbian magazines and journals. With Georgije Magaraševi? and Pavel Jozef Šafárik he published the Serpski Letopis. In 1828, at the age of 51, he was finally elevated from archimandrite t...
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Cross-listed in Governance

Mustafa II

bornactivedied
1664, Feb 61695-17031703, Dec 28/30
the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1695 to 1703. In June 1695, Mustafa II left Edirne for his first military campaign against the Habsburg Empire. On April 1696 Mustafa II left Edirne for his second military campaign against the Habsburg Empire. In June 1697 Mustafa II left the capital on his third military campaign against the Habsburg Empire....
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Cross-listed in Governance

Mustafa III

bornactivedied
1717, Jan 18/281757-17741774, Jan 21
the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1757 to 1774. He was a son of Sultan Ahmed III (1703–30) and was succeeded by his brother Abdul Hamid I (1774–89). He was born in Edirne Palace. An energetic and perceptive ruler, Mustafa III sought to modernize the army and the internal state machinery to bring his empire in line with the Powers of Europ...
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Cross-listed in Governance

Mustafa I

aka: Mustafa the Mad
bornactivedied
15911617-16231639, Jan 20
the son of Mehmed III and was the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1617 to 1618 and from 1622 to 1623. His two reigns are generally ill reputed points in history for the Empire. Mustafa was never more than a tool of court cliques at the Topkap? Palace. In 1618, after a short rule, another palace faction deposed him in favour of his young nephew O...
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Cross-listed in Governance

Mustafa IV

bornactivedied
1779, Sep 81807-18081808, Nov 15/16
the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1807 to 1808. Mustafa's brief reign was turbulent. Immediately upon ascending to the throne, the Janissaries rioted throughout Constantinople, looting and murdering anyone who appeared to support Selim. More threatening, however, was a truce signed with the Russians, which freed Mustafa Bayrakdar, a pro-reform...
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