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Cross-listed in Writers

Oluf Andreas Aabel

bornactivedied
1825, Oct 91847-18951895, Dec 24
a Norwegian priest and writer. He translated Georg Benedikt Winer's Grammatik des neutestamentlichen Sprachidioms in 1852, and published a translation of the biblical work of Otto von Gerlach. He also published a work of his own, Omrids af Det christelige Troesindhold.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

George Abbot

bornactivedied
1562, Oct 191611-16331633, Aug 5
an English divine who was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1611 to 1633 for the Church of England. He also served as the fourth Chancellor of Trinity College, Dublin, from 1612 to 1633.
Timeline (1)Links (12)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

John Abbot

bornactivedied
1587/881623-16471650 ca
an English Roman Catholic clergyman and poet. His birthplace is uncertain, but may have been London or Leicester. After being educated at Balliol College, Oxford, he travelled to the continent where he converted to Roman Catholicism. On returning to England he was in Jesuit orders for a while, before working as a secular priest. In 1635 he was imprisoned in ...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Robert Abbot [1]

bornactivedied
1588 ca1610s-16621662 ca
an English theologian who promoted puritan doctrines. He is sometimes mistakenly described as the son of the Archbishop of Canterbury, George Abbot, but this is generally considered to be incorrect. The misunderstanding probably stems from a passage in Robert Abbot's work A Hand of Fellowship to Helpe Keepe out Sinne and Antichrist, in which he thanks the Ar...
more
Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Robert Abbot [2]

borndied
15601618, Mar 2
an Anglican clergyman and academic, known as a polemical writer. He served as Master of Balliol College, Oxford, Regius Professor of Divinity, and Bishop of Salisbury from 1615. Among his four younger brothers, George became Archbishop of Canterbury and Maurice became Lord Mayor of London.
Links (5)


Cross-listed in WritersEducators

Gorham Dummer Abbott

borndied
1807, Sep 31874, Aug 3
an American clergyman, educator, and author. He was a significant figure in the movement to supply schools with textbooks, libraries, and educational journals.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

John Stevens Cabot Abbott

bornactivedied
1805, Sep 191834-18761877, Jun 17
an American historian, pastor, and pedagogical writer. He was a voluminous writer of books on Christian ethics, and of popular histories, which were credited with cultivating a popular interest in history.
Links (4)


Cross-listed in Governance

Abdulmecid I

aka: Abdülmecid, Abdulmejid
bornactivedied
1823, Apr 23/251839-18611861, Jun 25
the 31st Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1839 to 1861. Also Caliph (Islam) of the Ottoman Caliphate. His reign was notable for the rise of nationalist movements within the empire's territories.
Timeline (1)Links (1)


Abraham II

bornactivedied
unknown1730-1734unknown
Catholicose of All Armenian (1730-1734)*


Abraham III

bornactivedied
unknown1708-17371737, Apr
the Catholicos of the Armenian Apostolic Church between 1734 and 1737. He was bishop of Rodosto, Thrace and then Armenian prelate of Thrace in 1708–1734.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Thomas Gilbank Ackland

borndied
17911844, Feb 20
an English clergyman. He published by subscription a volume of miscellaneous poems in the style of the 18th century. He was also the author of a few sermons.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

John Acland

borndied
1729 ca1795, Aug 14
a Church of England clergyman and an author of a pamphlet on poor law reform which foresaw a system of national insurance. In 1786 Acland published "A Plan for rendering the Poor independent on Public Contributions". From allusions in this pamphlet it seems that Acland's ‘plan’ was suggested to him by the failure of previous legislation for the encourage...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ExplorersWriters

Cristobal Diatriston de Acuna

aka: Cristóbal Diatristán de Acuña
borndied
15971676 ca
a Spanish missionary and explorer. He was admitted a Jesuit in 1612, and afterwards sent on mission work to Chile and Peru, where he became rector of the college of Cuenca. In 1639 he accompanied Pedro Teixeira in his second exploration of the Amazon, in order to take scientific observations, and draw up a report for the Spanish government. His Nuevo Desc...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in WritersEducators

Henry Cadwallader Adams

borndied
1817, Niv 41899, Oct 17
a 19th-century English cleric, schoolmaster and writer of children's novels, specialising in tales of Victorian Public School life and adventures in far-flung parts of the British Empire.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Commerce

John Adams Sr.

borndied
1691, Feb 81761, May 25
a British colonial farmer and minister. He was the father of the second U.S. President, John Adams Jr., and grandfather of the sixth President, John Quincy Adams...
more
Links (1)


Adrian I

bornactivedied
1627, Oct 21686-17001700, Oct 16
he last pre-revolutionary Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia from 1690 to 1700 for the Church of Constantinople. Patriarch Adrian was a staunch adherent of traditional norms and opposed Peter the Great's reforms.
Links (1)


Pope Adrian VI

aka: Adriaan Florensz, Adriaan Florensz Boeyens
bornactivedied
1459, Mar 21490-15231523, Sep 14
the 218th pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 9 January 1522 until his death. He was the last non-Italian pope until Pope John Paul II of Poland became the 264th pope in 1978. Pope Adrian VI and his eventual successor Pope Marcellus II are the only popes of the modern era to retain their baptismal names after their election.
Timeline (4)Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Governance

Carl Fredrik af Wingard

aka: af Wingård
bornactivedied
1781, Sep 261839-18511851, Sep 19
a Swedish politician and Lutheran clergyman, and Archbishop of Uppsala for the Lutheran Swedish Church, 1839–1851. af Wingård studied at the Uppsala University and eventually became professor there in 1810. In 1818 he was ordained priest and on July 8, 1818 he became bishop of Gothenburg. From all reports, af Wingård seems to have been a humanistic teach...
more
Links (1)


Afxentios

bornactivedied
unknown1858-1859unknown
Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1858–1859)* Orthodox Church of Albania


Agatangel

bornactivedied
unknown1815-1825unknown
Metropolitan of Belgrade (1815–1825)* Serbian Orthodox Church


Agathangelus I

bornactivedied
17691820s-18301832
the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople during the period 1826-1830. He was one of the most educated Patriarchs of his time. He spoke Greek, Turkish, Bulgarian, Russian and French. His reign was associated with certain actions which lowered his prestige and caused heated reactions. The first was his involvement in the Greek War of Independence in 1827, w...
more
Links (1)Notes (1)


Mikael Agricola

bornactivedied
1510 ca1537-15571557, Apr 9
a clergyman who became the de facto founder of literary Finnish and a prominent proponent of the Protestant Reformation in Sweden including at the time Swedish territory Finland. He is often called the "father of literary Finnish". Agricola was consecrated as the bishop of Turku (Åbo) in 1554, without papal approval, and continued until 1157 (for the Luther...
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Links (12)


Cross-listed in Explorers

Geronimo de Aguilar

aka: Gerónimo
borndied
14891531
a Franciscan friar born in Écija, Spain. Aguilar was later involved with the 1519 Spanish conquest of Mexico, and with La Malinche he assisted Hernán Cortés in translating the indigenous language to Spanish. Aguilar and 11-12 other survivors were captured by the local Maya and scheduled to be sacrificed to Maya gods. Valdivia and four others met this fate...
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Agvaanchoyjivanchugperenlaijamts

bornactivedied
unknown1850-1868unknown
1850-1868, Tibetan Buddhism, Mongolia; Buddhism


Cross-listed in Governance

Ahmed II

bornactivedied
1643, Feb 251691-16951695, Feb 6
the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Caliphate from 1691 to 1695. During his short reign, Sultan Ahmed II devoted most of his attention to the wars against the Habsburgs and related foreign policy, governmental and economic issues. Of these, the most important were the tax reforms and the introduction of the lifelong tax f...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Governance

Ahmed III

bornactivedied
1673, Dec 30/311703-17301736, Jul 1
the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Caliphate from 1703 to 1730. He succeeded to the throne on the abdication of his brother Mustafa II. Ahmed III cultivated good relations with France, doubtless in view of Russia's menacing attitude; in fact, both his wives were Frenchwomen. Forced against his will into war with Russia, ...
more
Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Governance

Ahmed I

bornactivedied
1590, Apr 181603-16171617, Nov 22
the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Caliphate from 1603 until his death in 1617. In the earlier part of his reign Ahmed I showed decision and vigor, which were belied by his subsequent conduct. The wars which attended his accession both in Hungary and in Persia terminated unfavourably for the empire, and its prestige rece...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in WritersEducators

Henry Airay

borndied
15601616, Oct 6
an Anglican priest, theologian, and academic. His Commentary on the Epistle to the Philippians (1618, reprinted 1864) is a specimen of his preaching before his college, and of his fiery denunciation of Roman Catholicism and his fearless enunciation of that Calvinism which Oxford in common with all England then prized. In 1598 he was chosen provost of ...
more
Links (6)


Al-Mustamsik

bornactivedied
unknown1497-15171521
an Abbasid caliph (Islam) of the Abbasid Caliphate of Cairo, Egypt under the tutelage of the Mamluk sultans. He served as caliph twice (1497–1508; 1516–1517).
Links (1)


Al-Mutawakkil III

bornactivedied
unknown1508-15171543
the Abbasid Caliph (Islam) from 1508 to 1516, and again in 1517 for the Abbasid Caliphate of Cairo. He was the last caliph of the later, Egyptian-based period of the Abbasid dynasty. Since the Mongol sack of Baghdad and the execution of Caliph Al-Musta'sim in 1258, the Abbasid caliphs had resided in Cairo, nominal rulers used to legitimize the actual rule of...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Explorers

Charles Albanel

bornactivedied
16161649-16961696, Jun 11
a French missionary explorer in Canada, and a Jesuit priest. In 1649, he arrived in Canada at Tadoussac where he spent many winters among the Montagnais Indians. In 1672, at the time when the Hudson's Bay Company was beginning operations, he was a leader of a French party that went by the Saguenay River, Lake Mistassini, and the Rupert River to Hudson Bay. H...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Robert Aldrich

aka: Aldridge
borndied
unknown1555
a Bishop of Carlisle in the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and Mary. In 1534 he was appointed Canon of the tenth stall at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, a position he held until 1537.
Links (1)


Alek'sandr II

bornactivedied
unknown1753-1755unknown
Catholicose of All Armenian (1753-1755)*


Alek'sandr I

bornactivedied
unknown1706-1714unknown
Catholicose of All Armenian (1706-1714)*


Pope Alexander VI

aka: Roderic Llançol i de Borja
bornactivedied
1431, Jan 11492-15031503, Aug 18
Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 11 August 1492 until his death. He is one of the most controversial of the Renaissance popes, partly because he acknowledged fathering several children by his mistresses. Therefore his Italianized Valencian surname, Borgia, became a byword for libertinism and nepotism, which are traditionally considered as characteriz...
more
Timeline (5)Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Pope Alexander VII

aka: Fabio Chigi
bornactivedied
1599, Feb 131655-16671667, May 22
Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 7 April 1655 to his death in 1667. Alexander VII disliked the business of state, preferring literature and philosophy; a collection of his Latin poems appeared at Paris in 1656 under the title Philomathi Labores Juveniles. He also encouraged architecture, and the general improvement of Rome, where houses were razed to ...
more
Timeline (2)Links (1)Notes (1)


Pope Alexander VIII

aka: Pietro Vito Ottoboni
bornactivedied
1610, Apr 221689-16911691, Feb 1
Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 6 October 1689 to his death in 1691. He is the last pope to take the pontifical name of "Alexander" upon his election to the papacy. Old but of a strong constitution, Alexander VIII was said to be an able diplomat. During his brief pontificate he managed to destroy most of his predecessor's good work.
Timeline (2)Links (1)Notes (1)


Salomon Hayim Alfandari

bornactivedied
unknown1745-1762unknown
Chief Rabbi (1745-1762)* Ottoman Empire


Cross-listed in WritersEducators

Richard Allen [2]

bornactivedied
1760, Feb 141777-18311831, Mar 26
a minister, educator, writer, and one of America's most active and influential black leaders. In 1794 he founded the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME), the first independent black denomination in the United States. He opened his first AME church in 1794 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Elected the first bishop of the AME Church in 1816, Allen focused on...
more
Timeline (2)Links (20)


Cross-listed in Writers

William Alley

aka: Alleyn, Alleigh
borndied
15101570, Apr 15
an Anglican prelate and the Bishop of Exeter during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. He is known to the literary world by his Poor Man's Librarie, printed in folio by John Day, London, 1565, or Lectures upon the First Epistle of Saint Peter, red publiquely in the Cathedrall Church of Saint Paule, within the Citye of London, in 1560. Here are adioyned at the e...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Henry Alline

borndied
1748, Jun 141784, Feb 2
minister, evangelist, and writer, who became known as "The Apostle of Nova Scotia". Born at Newport, Rhode Island. He became a New England Planter and served as an itinerant preacher throughout Maritime Canada and Northeastern New England from 1776 to 1784. His ministry coincided with the second Great Awakening period and he became the leader of the New Ligh...
more
Timeline (2)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Oliver Almond

bornactivedied
unknown1590s-1620sunknown
a Roman Catholic priest and writer, born in the diocese of Oxford. He is believed by Foley to have been the brother of the martyr, the Ven. John Almond; but Gillow has shown that this is probably a mistake. Oliver was educated at the English Colleges at Rome (1582-87) and Valladolid, and was a missionary in England. He presented the English College at Rome w...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Johann Heinrich Alsted

bornactivedied
1588, Mar1608-16381638, Nov 9
a German Calvinist minister and academic, known for his varied interests: in Ramism and Lullism, pedagogy and encyclopedias, theology and millenarianism.
Links (4)


Cross-listed in Writers

Guru Amar Das

borndied
14791574
the third of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and was given the title of Sikh Guru on 26 March 1552. He died at an age of 95. Known for Introducing the Anand Karaj, writing the Anand Sahib and starting the Sikh Manji and Piri Systems.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Samuel Ampzing

borndied
1590, Jun 241632, Jul 29
a Dutch minister, poet and purist. In 1617, he began writing a description of Haarlem in poetic form, aided by Petrus Scriverius. Its poetry was printed and published in 1628. Apart from the historical importance of his writing, his poetry was not considered quite lyrical, but it was striking in its groomed linguistic usage.
Links (1)


Amvrosy

bornactivedied
unknown1768-1818unknown
Metropolitan of Moscow (1768-1771); Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1799–1818)* Russian Orthodox Church


Ananias

bornactivedied
unknown1763-1828unknown
Archbishop of Ohrid (1763-1764); Metropolitan of Skopje (1823–1828)* Orthodox Church of Macedonia, under Patriarchate of Constantinople


Cross-listed in Writers

Jose de Anchieta

aka: José
borndied
1534, Mar 191597, Jun 9
a Spanish Jesuit missionary to the Portuguese colony of Brazil in the second half of the 16th century. A highly influential figure in Brazil's history in the first century after its European discovery, Anchieta was one of the founders of São Paulo in 1554 and of Rio de Janeiro in 1565. He is the first playwright, the first grammarian and the first poet born...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Explorers

Antonio de Andrade

aka: António
bornactivedied
15801600-16341634, Mar 19
a Jesuit priest and explorer from Portugal. Engaged in missionary activity in India, was the first known European to have crossed the Himalayas and reached Tibet, establishing the first Catholic mission on Tibetan soil.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Bernard Andre

aka: André, Andreas
borndied
14501522
a French Augustinian friar and poet, who was a noted chronicler of the reign of Henry VII of England, and poet laureate. A native of Toulouse, André was tutor to Prince Arthur of England, and probably had a share in the education of the future King Henry VIII. H...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Lancelot Andrewes

borndied
15551626, Sep 25
an English bishop and scholar, who held high positions in the Church of England during the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I. During the latter's reign, Andrewes served successively as Bishop of Chichester, of Ely and of Winchester and oversaw the translation of the King James Version of the Bible (or Authorized Version). In the Church of England he is comme...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Guru Angad

borndied
15041552
the second of the ten Sikh Gurus. Guru Angad popularized the present form of the Gurmukhi script. It became the medium of writing the Punjabi language in which the hymns of the Gurus are expressed. This step had a far-reaching purpose and impact. First, it gave the people who spoke this language an identity of their own, enabling them to express their thoug...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

John Angel

bornactivedied
unknown1550sunknown
a chaplain to King Philip and Queen Mary I, is said to have been a 'person of singular zeal and learning'. He published a work on the Real Presence under the title The Agreement of the Holy Fathers, 1555.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Governance

Queen Anne

bornactivedied
1665, Feb 61702-17141714, Aug 1
the Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland and Supreme Governor of the Church of England from 1702 to 1714. On 1 May 1707, under the Acts of Union, two of her realms, the kingdoms of England and Scotland, united as a single sovereign state known as Great Britain. She continued to reign as Queen of Great Britain and Ireland until her death.
Timeline (6)Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Frederick Rinehart Anspach

borndied
1815, Jan1867, Sep 16
a Lutheran clergyman and writer. A sermon delivered on the occasion of the death of Henry Clay was his first publication. His Sons of the Sires, Sepulchres of our Departed (Philadelphia, 1854), The Two Pilgrims (1857), and other works appeared in rapid succession....
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Links (1)


Anthemios I

bornactivedied
unknown1792-1813unknown
Patriarch (1792-1813)* Patriarchate of Antioch


Anthimos

bornactivedied
unknown1708-1716unknown
Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1708-1716)* Romanian Orthodox Church


Anthimos II

bornactivedied
unknown1623unknown
Patriarch of Constantinople Opel (1623)


Anthimos II

bornactivedied
unknown1767-1775unknown
Metropolitan of Skopje (1767-1775)* Orthodox Church of Macedonia


Anthimos II

borndied
unknownunknown
Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (0–1844)* Orthodox Church of Albania


Anthimos II

bornactivedied
unknown1739-1751unknown
Metropolitan of Turnovo (1739-1751)* Bulgarian Orthodox Church


Anthimos III

bornactivedied
unknown1844-1845unknown
Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1844–1845)* Orthodox Church of Albania


Anthimos III

bornactivedied
unknown1799-1820unknown
Metropolitan of Skopje (1799–1820)* Orthodox Church of Macedonia / under Patriarchate of Constantinople


Anthimos VII

bornactivedied
unknown1828-1833unknown
Metropolitan of Athens (1828–1833)* Orthodox Church of Greece


Anthimos I

bornactivedied
unknown1749-1760unknown
Metropolitan of Durrë (1749-1760)* Orthodox Church of Albania


Anthimos I

bornactivedied
unknown1788-1808unknown
Patriarch (1788–1808)* Patriarchate of Jerusalem


Anthimos VI

bornactivedied
unknown1741-1756unknown
Metropolitan of Athens (1741-1756)* Orthodox Church of Greece


Anthimos VI

bornactivedied
unknown1760-1764unknown
Metropolitan of Athens (1760-1764)* Orthodox Church of Greece


Anthimus II

bornactivedied
unknown16231628
Metropolitan of Adrianople and Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople for a few months in 1623. His short reign has to be considered in the context of the clash between the pro-Calvinist Patriarch Cyril Lucaris, supported by the Dutch and English ambassadors, and his opponents supported by the French, Austrian and Venetian ambassadors to the ...
more
Links (1)Notes (1)


Anthimus III

bornactivedied
17621791-18241842
the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople during the period 1822-1824. He served as deacon of the Patriarchate during the Patriarchy of Neophytus VII and was Great Archdeacon from 1791. In April 1797 he became Protosyncellus of the Ecumenical Patriarchate. He was elected Metropolitan of Smyrna in 1797 as successor of the Metropolitan Gregory, who was elect...
more
Links (1)Notes (1)


Anthimus IV

bornactivedied
unknown1825-18521878
twice Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople, between 1840 and 1841, and between 1848 and 1852. He was born in Istanbul (Constantinople) and served as Chancellor of the Ecumenical Patriarchate before being elected Metropolitan of Ikonion (Konya) between 1825 and 1835, Larissa between 1835 and 1837, and Nikomedeia between 1837 and 1840. In 1850...
more
Links (1)Notes (1)


Anthimus V

bornactivedied
unknown1815-18421842
Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople for thirteen months from 1841 to 1842. He was born in Raidestos (Tekirda?) and served as Metropolitan of Agathoupolis between 1815 and 1821, Anchialos between 1821 and 1831, and Kyzikos between 1831 and 1841. He was appointed Ecumenical Patriarch when Patriarch Anthimos IV was dismissed by Ottoman Sultan...
more
Links (1)Notes (1)


Anthimus VI

bornactivedied
unknown1845-1873unknown
the Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople for three periods from 1845 to 1848, from 1853 to 1855 and from 1871 to 1873. He was born in Kutali Island in the Aegean Sea and died in Kandilli. Before becoming a Patriarch, Anthimus was a monk at the Esphigmenou monastery in Mount Athos, and became metropolitan bishop of Serres (1829), Prussa (1833...
more
Links (1)Notes (1)


Antim

bornactivedied
unknown1827-1830unknown
Metropolitan of Belgrade (1827–1830)* Serbian Orthodox Church


Anton II

bornactivedied
1762/63, Jan 81788-18111827, Dec 21
a member of the Georgian royal family and churchman. A son of Heraclius II, the penultimate King of Kartli and Kakheti, he was the Catholicos-Patriarch of Iberia/Georgia for the Orthodox Church of Georgia from 1788 to 1811.
Links (1)Notes (1)


Anton I

aka: Teimuraz Bagrationi
bornactivedied
1720 , Oct 171744-17881788, Mar 1
the Catholicos–Patriarch of Iberia for the Orthodox Church of Georgia in the period 1744–1755 and again in 1764–1788. Son of Jesse of Kartli. He was a nephew of former king Vakhtang VI.
Links (1)Notes (1)


Isaija Antonovic

bornactivedied
unknown1748-1749unknown
Metropolitan of Karlovci (1748-1749)* Serbian Orthodox Church


Antony

bornactivedied
unknown1843-1848unknown
Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1843–1848)* Russian Orthodox Church


Cross-listed in Commerce

Johnny Appleseed

aka: John Chapman
bornactivedied
1774, Sep 261794-1830s1845, Mar 18
an American pioneer nurseryman who introduced apple trees to large parts of Pennsylvania, Ontario, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, as well as the northern counties of present-day West Virginia. He became an American legend while still alive, due to his kind, generous ways, his leadership in conservation, and the symbolic importance he attributed to apples. He w...
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Links (13)


Cross-listed in Writers

Juan Jose Arboli y Acaso

aka: Juan José Arbolí y Acaso
borndied
17951863
a Spanish priest, writer and essayist. He was bishop of Guadix and Cádiz as well as a professor of philosophy. His main work is the Treaty of Philosophy, General Grammar and exposure to Her Majesty the Queen on government circulars concerning ecclesiastical censure and preaching.
Links (1)Notes (1)


Diego de Arce y Reinoso Avila y Palomares

aka: Arce y Reinoso Ávila y Palomares
borndied
1587, Apr 251665, Jul 19
a Spanish bishop who served as Grand Inquisitor of Spain from 1643 to 1665; and as Bishop of Plasencia (1640-1652), Bishop of Ávila (1637-1640), and Bishop of Tui (1635-1637). He was long involved in plans to found a school in Zalamea, but the Portuguese Restoration War prevented the beginning of construction of the school until after his death.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Guru Arjan

borndied
15631606
the first martyr of Sikh faith and the fifth of the ten Sikh Gurus, who compiled writings to create the eleventh, the living Guru, Guru Granth Sahib. Guru Arjan introduced the Masands, a group of representatives who taught and spread the teachings of the Gurus and received the Dasvand, a voluntary offering of a Sikh's income in money, goods or service.
Links (1)


Hovsep' Arlut'ean

bornactivedied
unknown1800-1801unknown
Catholicose of All Armenian (1800-1801)*Armenian Apostolic Church


Cross-listed in Writers

George Dod Armstrong

borndied
1813, Sep 151899, May 11
a Presbyterian minister and author born in Mendham, New Jersey. In 1855 his family was nearly destroyed by Yellow Fever losing 3 children and his wife. In 1856 he authored a personal account of the epidemic: The Summer of the Pestilence, and wrote several religious tracts afterwards.
Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

James Armstrong

borndied
17801839
an Irish Unitarian minister. He was one of the founders of the Irish Unitarian Society (1830) and of the Association of Irish Nonsubscribing Presbyterians (1835 He published several religious sermons.
Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Francois Arnaud

aka: François
borndied
1721, Jul 271784, Dec 2
a French clergyman, writer and philologist. Abbé of Grandchamp and librarian to the count of Provence (the future Louis XVIII of France), he contributed to the Journal étranger and the Gazette littéraire de l'Europe. A friend of Suard, he also attended the s...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Simon Arnauld

aka: Marquis de Pomponne
borndied
1618, Nov1699, Sep 26
a French diplomat and minister. He wrote a number of poems for the "Guirlande de Julie", and was a friend of important writers, such as Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, marquise de Sévigné, Marie-Madeleine Pioche de la Vergne, comtesse de la Fayette, and the duke François de La Rochefoucauld.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Thomas Kerchever Arnold

borndied
18001853, Mar 9
an English theologian and voluminous writer of educational works. He also wrote many volumes of theology. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, was seventh junior optime in the mathematical tripos of 1821, and was elected fellow of his college shortly afterwards. He took his degree of B.A. in the same year, and that of M.A. in 1824. In 1830 he was p...
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Links (1)


Arsenije II Plamenac

bornactivedied
unknown1781-1782unknown
Metropolitan (vladika) (1781-1782)* Montenegrin Orthodox Church


Arsenije III Carnojevic

bornactivedied
16331674-17061706, Oct 27
the Archbishop of Pec and Patriarch of Serbs from 1674 to 1691 and Metropolitan of Sentandreja from 1691 to his death in 1706, both for the Serbian Orthodox Church. In 1690, he led a large migration of Serbs from Ottoman lands into the Habsburg north.
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Arsenije IV Jovanovic Sakabenta

bornactivedied
16981725-17481748, Jan 18
the Patriarch of Serbs from 1725 to 1737 and Metropolitan of Karlovci from 1737 to his death in 1748, both for the Serbian Orthodox Church. He commissioned the Slavic heraldic bearings called Stemmatographia.
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Arsenios II

bornactivedied
unknown1764-1767unknown
Archbishop of Ohrid (1764-1767)* Orthodox Church of Macedonia


Arseniy I

bornactivedied
unknown1757-1770unknown
Metropolitan of Kiev (1757-1770)* Ukrainian Orthodox Church


Artemios

bornactivedied
unknown1845-1847unknown
He was a respected and very experienced man. He was elected Patriarch of Alexandria by the Ecumenical Patriarchate despite the objections of the Hellenic Community of Alexandria, he proposed Archimandrite Ierotheos for the Patriarchal Throne. The period following his election was one of internal upheaval in the Church of Alexandria , because neither clergy n...
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John Ash [1]

borndied
1724 ca1779
an English Baptist minister at Pershore, Worcestershire, divine, and author of an English dictionary and grammar books. He studied for the ministry at Bristol, under Bernard Foskett, became pastor at Loughwood Meeting House, a Baptist chapel in Dorset, and while there contributed to periodicals. He settled in the ministry at Pershore in 1746, as the result o...
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Tzvi Ashkenazi

borndied
unknown1718
served for some time as the Jewish rabbi of Amsterdam. He was a resolute opponent of the followers of the false messiah, Sabbatai Zevi. He had a chequered career, owing to his independence of character. He visited many lands, including England, where he wielded much influence. His responsa are held in high esteem.
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Thomas Ashton

borndied
17161775
an English cleric. Ashton was the author of a number of sermons, collected in a volume of Sermons on several Occasions, 1770. In 1754 he had an altercation with a Methodist minister of the name of Jones, to whom he addressed A Letter to the Rev. Thomas Jones, intended as a rational and candid answer to his sermon preached at St. Botolph, Bishopsgate. He also...
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John Ashwood

borndied
16571706
an English Nonconformist minister and author. Before he began to preach he taught a school at Axminster, and afterwards at Chard, Somerset. Driven from Chard as a conscience-ruled Nonconformist by high-church intolerance, he decided with some friends to emigrate to Carolina in January 1683; but was prevented by a sudden attack of smallpox.
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John Ashworth

borndied
1813, Jul 81875, Jan 26
an English preacher, manufacturer, and author. He wrote 'Walks in Canaan' and 'Back from Canaan,' and had begun an account of his 'Rambles in the New World' when death overtook him; but his chief work was 'Strange Tales,' followed after a time by a similar gathering of 'Simple Records.' These were printed as separate tracts, and have had a circulation that i...
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James Aspinall

borndied
unknown1861
a miscellaneous writer and popular preacher. In 1831 was the incumbent of St. Luke's, where he preached a remarkable sermon called "The Crisis, or the Signs of the Times with regard to the Church of England". Later he delivered an address at the great free-trade meeting, held at Hull, at which Bright and more
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William Aspinwall

bornactivedied
unknown1648-1662unknown
a nonconformist English minister. He proceeded B.A. in 1657, but having obtained orders, went no further. His first living was Maghull, in Lancashire. Aspinwall left his cure in 1655–6 to be ordained at Mattersey, Nottinghamshire, and was in that year inducted to Mattersey, in the church at Clayworth, in the same county, along with John Cromwell, B.A., an...
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William Assheton

borndied
16411711
an English cleric, a prolific writer and life assurance pioneer. Assheton was more a compiler than an original writer. Having entered holy orders and taken his master's degree, he became a frequent preacher. James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde, who was chancellor of the university, appointed him chaplain, and in that capacity he served both in England and Ire...
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Astuatsatur I

bornactivedied
unknown1715-1725unknown
Catholicose of All Armenian (1715-1725)*


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John Asty

borndied
1672 ca1730
an English dissenting clergyman. He published only a single sermon, on the death of Mrs. Elizabeth Fleetwood, preached at Stoke Newington on 23 June 1728 from Job ix. 12. He also prefixed a memoir to the collective folio volume of the Sermons and Tracts of Dr. John Owen (1721). Among the 1662 farewell sermons is one by John Asty, the ejected clergyman of Str...
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Atanasije II Gavrilovic

bornactivedied
unknown1741-1521752
Serb patriarch from 1747 to 1752 for the Serbian Orthodox Church. We find first mention of Gavrilovi? in 1741 when he was metropolitan of Skopje, the duty that he performed as well when he was elected patriarch in 1747. This was the time when the Serb Patriarchate of Pe? was contested between the Serbs, who were seen as rebels by the Ottomans, and Phanariot...
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Atanasije I Ljubojevic

bornactivedied
unknown1711-1712unknown
Patriarch (1711-1712)* Serbian Orthodox Church


Athanasios

bornactivedied
unknown1707-1720unknown
Archbishop of Sinai (1707-1720)* Orthodox Church of Mount Sinai


Athanasios II

bornactivedied
unknown1705-1710unknown
Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1705-1710)* Orthodox Church of Cyprus


Athanasios II

bornactivedied
unknown1846-1848unknown
Metropolitan of Turnovo (1846–1848)* Bulgarian Orthodox Church


Athanasios III

bornactivedied
unknown1756-1760unknown
Metropolitan of Athens (1756-1760)* Orthodox Church of Greece


Athanasios III

bornactivedied
unknown1686-1694unknown
1st time; Patriarch (1686-1694)* Patriarchate of Antioch -*Church of Constantinople


Athanasios III

bornactivedied
unknown1720-1724unknown
Patriarch (1720-1724)* Patriarchate of Antioch -*Church of Constantinople


Athanasios IV

bornactivedied
unknown1785-1789unknown
Metropolitan of Athens (1785-1787, 1789)* Orthodox Church of Greece


Athanasios IV

bornactivedied
unknown1796-1799unknown
Metropolitan of Athens (1796-1799)* Orthodox Church of Greece


Athanasios V

bornactivedied
unknown1827-1844unknown
Patriarch (1827–1844)* Patriarchate of Jerusalem


Athanasius III Patelaros

aka: Alexios Patellarios
bornactivedied
unknown1634-1652unknown
Ecumenical Patriarch (1634, 1635 and 1652)*Church of Constantinople
Links (1)Notes (1)


Athanasius IV

bornactivedied
unknown1679unknown
Ecumenical Patriarch (1679)*Church of Constantinople
Links (1)Notes (1)


Athanasius V

bornactivedied
unknown1709-1711unknown
Ecumenical Patriarch (1709-1711)* Church of Constantinople
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Cross-listed in Writers

William Atherton

borndied
17751850
a Wesleyan minister. Atherton published several works, among which were a sermon on the 'Insecurity of Life,' in 1818; an abridged 'Life of Lady Maxwell,' in 1838; and an 'Address on the Character, Agencies, and Religious Effectiveness of Wesleyan Methodism,' in 1839.
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Ann Austin

borndied
unknown1665
one of the first Quaker travelling preachers. She and Mary Fisher became the first Quakers to visit the English North American colonies. Austin was a resident of London and the mother of five children when she left England with Mary Fisher to take the Quaker message of George Fox to the New World. She may well have then been in her sixties as she was describ...
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Avgustin

bornactivedied
unknown1811-1819unknown
Metropolitan of Moscow (1811–1819)* Russian Orthodox Church


Avramios I

bornactivedied
unknown1775-1787unknown
Patriarch (1775-1787)* Patriarchate of Jerusalem


Cross-listed in Writers

Simon Awad

bornactivedied
16831708-17561756, Feb 12
the Maronite Patriarch of Antioch from 1743 to his death in 1756, remembered as an Arab writer. In 1708, he was ordained as a priest by his uncle patriarch Jacob Awad, who reigned from 1705 to 1733, and whom he served as secretary. On January 27, 1716 he was consecrated bishop of Damascus, always by his uncle. Simon Awad played a leading role in the 1736 Mar...
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Jacob Axelsson Lindblom

bornactivedied
1746, Jul 271779-18191819, Feb 15
a Swedish scholar who eventually became archbishop of Uppsala for the Lutheran Swedish Church, a position he held between 1805-1819. Axelsson Lindblom was son of a clergyman. He received his secondary education at Linköping gymnasium and matriculated at Uppsala University in 1763. In Uppsala he became student of the philologist Johan Ihre and the Latinist P...
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Charles Aylmer

borndied
17861847
an Irish Jesuit. For the use of the British Catholics in that city he, in conjunction with two of his brethren, Paul Ferley and Bartholomew Esmonde, compiled 'A short Explanation of the Principal Articles of the Catholic Faith' (Palermo, at the royal printing-oftice), 1812, 12mo; and 'The Devout Christian's Daily Companion, being a Selection of pious Exercis...
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Ignatius Isaac Azar

bornactivedied
16471675-17221724, Jul 18
the Patriarch of Antioch, and head of the Syriac Orthodox Church from 1709 until his resignation in 1722. At the age of twenty-two, he joined the Monastery of Mar Mattai where he was ordained priest by his tutor, the Maphrian Mor Baselios Habeeb II. During this time, Isaac helped to renovate the monastery and in 1675 he became abbot of the monastery.
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