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Yair Bacharach

bornactivedied
16391699-17021702
a German rabbi and major 17th century posek, who lived first in Koblenz and then remainder of his life in Worms and Metz. He was the author of Havvot Yair ("Villages of Yair") a collection of responsa by the title of which is he commonly referred (first published in Frankfurt a Main, 1699).
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Nathaniel Bacon [4]

aka: Southwell, Sotwel, Sotvellus
borndied
15981676
an English Jesuit who served in Rome from 1647 until his death as "Secretarius" of the Society of Jesus under four Jesuit generals. He produced an encyclopedic bibliography in folio, Bibliotheca Scriptorum Societatis Jesu (Rome, 1676), much admired for its thoroughness and latinity, although the listings follow the traditional categorization according to aut...
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Thomas Baddeley

borndied
1786/871823 ca
an English Roman Catholic priest in Manchester. Baddeley was the author of the Sure Way to find out the True Religion, a colloquial defence of Roman Catholic principles, largely mingled with invective against Protestantism. The author was stated to be dead in 1825. The tract reached a seventh edition in 1847, and provoked several replies.
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Cross-listed in WritersPhysiciansScientists

Charles David Badham

bornactivedied
1805, Aug 271833-18571857, Jul 14
an English writer, physician, entomologist, and mycologist. David Badham seems to have started his medical career in Scotland, where he achieved some notoriety for setting a patient's irregular heartbeat to music. In 1833, a Radcliffe travelling fellowship allowed Badham to practise medicine in France and Italy, for some of the time as personal physician to ...
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Stephen Badin

borndied
1768, Jul 171853, Apr 21
the first Catholic priest ordained in the United States. He spent most of his long career ministering to widely dispersed Catholics in Canada and in what became the states of Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, and Illinois. He began theological studies at the Sulpician seminary there, and had been ordained a deacon, but was forced to flee in 1791 with other ...
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Syedna Ismail Badruddin II

bornactivedied
unknown1719-17381738
was the 38th Dai (leader) of Dawoodi Bohra. He succeeded the 37th Dai Noor Mohd Nuruddin to the Shia Islamic religious post. Badruddin was Da'i al-Mutlaq between 1719-1738, for about 19 years 6 months.
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Syedna Mohammed Badruddin

bornactivedied
unknown1836-1840unknown
Islam; Dai al-Mutlaq Leader (1836–1840)* Dawoodi Bohra


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Guru Tegh Bahadur

borndied
16211675
revered as the ninth Nanak, was the ninth of ten Gurus (Prophets) of the Sikh religion. Guru Tegh Bahadur continued in the spirit of the first guru, Nanak; his 115 poetic hymns are in the text Guru Granth Sahib. Guru Tegh Bahadur was publicly beheaded in 1675 on the orders of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi for refusing to convert to Islam. and resisting t...
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Jacob Bailey

borndied
1731, Apr 161808, Jul 26
an author and clergyman of the Church of England, active in New England and Nova Scotia. Bailey was born in Rowley, Massachusetts, and was educated at Harvard College, ranked at the bottom (by social order) of the class of 1755, which notably also included John Adams. He started his career in the ministry as a Congregational preacher in New Hampshire but con...
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Adrien Baillet

borndied
1649, Jun 131706, Jan 21
a French scholar and critic. He is now best known as a biographer of René Descartes. In 1676 he was ordained priest and was presented to a small vicarage. He accepted in 1680 the appointment of librarian to François-Chrétien de Lamoignon, advocate-general to the parlement of Paris. He made a catalogue raisonné (in 35 vols.) of its library, all written wi...
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Christopher Bainbridge

borndied
1463 ca1514, Jul 14
an English Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of York from 1508 until his death. Bainbridge was translated to York on 22 September 1508, a sign of the favour he enjoyed at court. On 24 September 1509, King Henry VIII (whose coronation he had attended) appointed Bainbridge to be his ambassador to Pope Julius II. Just at this time J...
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Jan de Bakker

aka: Jan Jansz de Bakker van Woerden, Johannes Pistorius Woerdensis
borndied
14991525, Sep 15
a Roman Catholic priest who was the first preacher in the Northern Netherlands to be put to death as a direct result of his Protestant beliefs. Bakker started to spread his views, some of which are considered heretical by the Church, and in May 1523 he and another priest were arrested by the steward of the castle. After a short while they were released, and ...
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Abraham Baldwin

borndied
1754, Nov 221807, Mar 4
an American minister, Patriot, politician, and Founding Father. Born and raised in Connecticut, he was a graduate of Yale University Divinity School, after the Revolutionary War Baldwin became a lawyer. He moved to the U.S. state of Georgia in the mid-1780s to work under the governor and develop its educational system. Baldwin is noted as the developer and f...
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Edward Baldwyn

borndied
17461817, Feb 11
an English clergyman and pamphleteer. Baldwyn was educated at St John's College, Oxford (B.A., 1767; M.A., 1784). For some years he was resident in Yorkshire, master of Bradford Grammar School from 1784. Under the pseudonym of 'Trim,' he engaged in a literary squabble with the Rev. William Atkinson and other clergymen (John Crosse, and Atkinson's brother Joh...
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John Bale

borndied
1495, Nov 211563, Nov
an English churchman, historian and controversialist, and Bishop of Ossory. He wrote the oldest known historical verse drama in English (on the subject of King John), and developed and published a very extensive list of the works of British authors down to his own time, just as the monastic libraries were being dispersed. His unhappy disposition and habit of...
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Robert Bale

borndied
unknown1503, Nov 11
an English Carmelite friar and scholar. Bale was a native of Norfolk, and when very young entered the Carmelite monastery at Norwich. Having a great love of learning, he spent a portion of every year in the Carmelite priories at Oxford or Cambridge. He became prior of the monastery of his order at Turnham Norton. Bale enjoyed a high reputation for learning, ...
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Antoine de Balinghem

borndied
15711630, Jan 24
a Belgian Jesuit. He was the author of Moral Theology books and ascetic. He studied philosophy at Brescia for three years and then returned to the Netherlands . He was Professor of philosophy and humanities at the college Anchin of Douai then at Louvain , he was ordained priest in 1598 and spent the rest of his life teaching and translating many books of the...
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Istvan Baller

aka: István Ballér, Balliér
borndied
1760, Aug 281835, Apr 2
an ethnic Slovene Lutheran priest, dean of Zala and Somogy, and writer. He lived and worked in the Kingdom of Hungary. Born in the Slovene Circumscription (Prekmurje) in the village of Lon?arovci (then officially Ger?háza), he received his schooling in ?rség and Nemescsó and higher education in Sopron. He was successively cantor and teacher among the Somo...
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James Balmford

borndied
15561623+
an English clergyman. Balmford published in 1594 a Short and Plaine Dialogue concerning the unlawfulness of playing at cards, London. This short tract against card games is dedicated to the mayor, aldermen, and burgesses of Newcastle-on-Tyne. It is stated in Hazlitt's Handbook that the Dialogue appeared also in broadside form. In 1623 there was a religious c...
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George Bancroft

borndied
unknown1573 ca
an English clergyman and translator. He was rector of Grittleton, Wiltshire, and chaplain to William Parr, 1st Marquess of Northampton, in the 1540s. Under Mary I of England Bancroft was sheltered by the patronage of Andrew Baynton, having a living at Bromham when he lost that at Grittleton. Under Elizabeth I of England his position then improved. Bancroft t...
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Richard Bancroft

bornactivedied
15441584-16101610, Nov 2
an English churchman, who became Archbishop of Canterbury (1604-1610) for the Church of England and the "chief overseer" of the production of the King James Bible.
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John Bankhead

borndied
17381833
an Irish presbyterian minister. In 1786 he published a catechism, valuable as indicating the departure from the old standards of doctrine, already hinted at in the terms of his subscription. The questions are precisely those of the Westminster Shorter Catechism; the answers are naked extracts from Scripture, without comment. In the second edition, 1825, a fu...
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Richard Bannatyne

borndied
unknown1605
a Scottish clergyman and scribe who served as secretary to John Knox. Little is known about the details of his life. His place in history is substantiated in his role as the compiler of the historical record, Memorials of Transactions in Scotland from 1569 to 1573.
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Edward Barber

borndied
unknown1674 ca
an English Baptist minister. Barber was originally a clergyman of the established church, but long before the beginning of the civil wars he adopted the principles of the baptists. He had numerous followers, who assembled for worship in the Spital in Bishopsgate Street, London, and appear to have been the first congregation among the baptists that practised ...
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Cornelius Johannes Barchman

bornactivedied
unknown1725-1733unknown
Archbishop of Utrecht (1725-1733)*Old Catholicism: Church of Utrecht


Frederic Barker

bornactivedied
1808, Mar 171831-18821882, Apr 6
the second Anglican bishop of Sydney. for the Anglican Church of Australia from 1854 to1853). Amongst his early tasks were the completion of the arrangements for the building of Moore College for theological students, and the quickening of interest in the completion of St. Andrew's Cathedral, Sydney.
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John Barling

borndied
1804, Aug 111883
an English dissenting minister. He was educated for the ministry at Homerton, and settled as a congregationalist minister at Square Chapel, Halifax, in 1829. His opinions becoming unitarian, he resigned his charge in 1834, and became a worshipper at Northgate End Chapel. After a sojourn of some years in the south of England he returned to Halifax, and made p...
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Cross-listed in WritersInventors

Edward Barlow

aka: Booth
borndied
16391719
an English priest and mechanician. Barlow invented the rack and snail striking mechanism for striking clocks about 1676. This was a great improvement over the previous mechanism used in striking clocks, the count wheel. This invention was afterwards applied to pocket watches. He wrote several treatises on religion and mechanics.
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John Barnes

borndied
unknown1661
an English Benedictine monk. Barnes was a Lancashire man by extraction, if not by birth. He was educated at Oxford University, but after being converted to Catholicism he went to Spain and studied divinity in the University of Salamanca under Juan Alfonso Curiel, who "was wont to call Barnes by the name of John Huss, because of a spirit of contradiction whic...
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William Barnes

borndied
1801, Feb 221886, Oct 7
an English writer, poet, Church of England priest, and philologist. He wrote over 800 poems, some in Dorset dialect, and much other work, including a comprehensive English grammar quoting from more than 70 different languages. Barnes first contributed the Dorset dialect poems for which he is best known to periodicals, including Macmillan's Magazine; a collec...
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Robert Baron [1]

borndied
15961639
a Scottish theologian and one of the so-called Aberdeen doctors. He is commemorated in the Calendar of saints of the Scottish Episcopal Church on 28 March. Baron was a firm supporter of the Anglicanising religious policies of Kings James VI and Charles I. He opposed the National Covenant of 1638 both through preaching and writings, including three tracts tha...
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Caesar Baronius

aka: Cesare Baronio
borndied
1538, Aug 301607, Jun 30
an Italian cardinal and ecclesiastical historian of the Roman Catholic Church. His best-known works are his Annales Ecclesiastici ("Ecclesiastical Annals") which appear in twelve folio volumes (1588–1607). Baronius' cause of canonization has commenced and he has the title of Servant of God. Pope Benedict XIV conferred upon him the title of Venerable but it...
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John Barret

borndied
16311713
a prominent English Presbyterian divine and writer on religion. Barret was a prolific writer. Many of his books were about leading a Christian life, examples being The Christian Temper, or, A Discourse Concerning the Nature and Properties of the Graces of Sanctification (1678), and The Evil and Remedy of Scandal, a Practical Discourse on Psalm Cxix.Clxv (171...
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Henry Barrowe

aka: Barrow
borndied
1550 CA1593, Apr 6
an English Separatist Puritan, executed for his views. In about 1580 or 1581 he was impressed by a sermon; he retired to the country, and was led by study and meditation to a strict form of Puritanism. Subsequently he came into close relations with John Greenwood, the Separatist leader, whose views he adopted. He was associated with "the brethren of the Sepa...
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John Barthlet

aka: Bartlett
bornactivedied
unknown1560sunknown
an English theological writer. Barthlet was a minister of the Church of England, and held strongly Calvinistic opinions. In 1566 he published a work entitled the ‘Pedegrewe [Pedigree] of Heretiques, wherein is truly and plainely set out the first roote of Heretiques began in the Church since the time and passage of the Gospel, together with an example of t...
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William Bartlet

borndied
unknown1682
an English independent minister. Bartlet was educated at New Inn Hall, Oxford, was found officiating to a congregation at Wapping in 1647, and was lecturer at Bideford two years later. He was one of the commissioners for Devonshire; was ejected from Bideford 1662; was once imprisoned; and died in 1682.
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Stephen Batman

aka: Bateman
borndied
unknown1584
an English translator and author. Batman was born at Bruton, Somerset and, after a preliminary education in the school of his native town, went to Cambridge, where he had the reputation of being a learned man and an excellent preacher. It is supposed he was the Bateman who in 1534 took the degree of LL.B., being at that time a priest and a student of six yea...
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Roger Baxter

borndied
17841827, May 24
an English Jesuit, a Catholic missionary in the United States. Baxter was a native of Walton-le-Dale, near Preston, in Lancashire. He finished his studies at Stonyhurst College, and entered the Society of Jesus in 1810. After rendering great services to the missions of Maryland and Pennsylvania, he died at Philadelphia.
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Robert Bayley

borndied
1800 ca1859, Nov 14
an English independent minister. Bayley was educated at Highbury Theological College, and on quitting that institution was appointed to a pastorate at Louth, Lincolnshire. After some years of labour at that place he removed (1835) to Sheffield to take charge of the Howard Street congregation, where he remained for about ten years. While there he exerted hims...
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Anselm Bayly

borndied
unknown1794
an English churchman and author of various works, chiefly of a theological and critical nature. He was also a singer and musical theorist, associated with the performance of works by Georg Handel. Bayly was educated at Christ Church, Oxford, where he took the degree of B.C.L. on 12 June 1749. He entered the church and rose to some distinction in that profess...
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William Beal

borndied
1815, Sep 91870, Apr 20
an English religious writer. William Beal was born in Sheffield, the son of William Beal, a Wesleyan minister. He was educated at King's College London, and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated B.A. in 1841. In the same year he was ordained deacon. Headmaster of Tavistock Grammar School from 1837 to 1847, he was made vicar of Brooke near Norwich i...
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John Relly Beard

borndied
18001876
an English Unitarian minister, schoolmaster, university lecturer, and translator who co-founded Unitarian College Manchester and wrote more than thirty books. Beard published popular education manuals, theological works and, as both an editor and a journalist, engaged in vigorous Unitarian propaganda. He is best remembered for The Life of Toussaint L'Ouvertu...
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David Beaton

bornactivedied
1494 ca1519-15461546, May 29
Archbishop of St Andrews and the last Scottish Cardinal prior to the Reformation.
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Thomas Beccon

aka: Becon, Theodore Basille
borndied
1511 ca1567
an English cleric and Protestant reformer from Norfolk. He was arrested for Protestant preaching and was forced to recant around 1540. He then began to write under the pen name of Theodore Basille. When Edward VI came to the throne in 1547, Beccon was made chaplain to the Lord Protector. Thomas Cranmer made him one of the Six Preachers of Canterbury, and a c...
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Charles Beecher

borndied
1815, Oct 11900, Apr 21
an American minister, composer of religious hymns and a prolific author. He was the brother of Harriet Beecher Stowe, the famous author of Uncle Tom's Cabin, and the brother of renowned Congregationalist minister, Henry Ward Beecher. He attended Boston Latin School and Lawrence Academy in Groton, Massachusetts, graduated from Bowdoin College in 1834, and the...
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Thomas Bell

bornactivedied
15511573-1610unknown
an English Roman Catholic priest, and later an anti-Catholic writer. He was mentioned in 1592 as one ill-affected to the government, and he shared the fate of other seminary priests in being arrested.After leaving Catholicism he participated in the persecution of Catholics, advocating the use of the rack, leading night time searches of Catholic homes and mad...
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William Bell

borndied
1780, May 281857, Aug 16
a Presbyterian minister, born in Scotland and an immigrant to Perth, Upper Canada, in 1817. He was a significant figure in promoting and expanding the Presbyterian faith among the settlers in his region. He assisted in starting congregations in Beckwith Township, Lanark, Smiths Falls and Richmond. His carefully constructed diaries and other writings provide ...
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John Chippendall Montesquieu Bellew

borndied
1823, Aug 31874, Jun 19
an English author, preacher, and public reader. Ordained in 1848, he was appointed a curate of St. Andrews in Worcester, and in 1850 transferred to a curacy at Prescot, Lancashire. In the following year he went to the East Indies. There, almost immediately upon his arrival in 1851 at Calcutta, he was nominated chaplain of St. John's Cathedral there. He held ...
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Pope Benedict XIII

aka: Pietro Francesco Orsini, Vincenzo Maria Orsini
bornactivedied
1649, Feb 21724-17301730, Feb 21
Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 1724 until his death in1730. A man not of wordly matters, he endeavoured to put a stop to the decadent lifestyles of the Italian priesthood and of the cardinalate. He also abolished the lottery in Rome. The government was effectively held in his lieu by Cardinal Niccolò Coscia, who had been Benedict XIII's secretary wh...
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Pope Benedict XIV

bornactivedied
1675, Mar 311740-17581758, May 3
Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 1740 until his death in1758. Perhaps one of the greatest scholars in Christendom, yet often overlooked, he promoted scientific learning, the baroque arts, reinvigoration of Thomism, and the study of the human form. Firmly established with great devotion and adherence to the Council of Trent and authentic Catholic teachi...
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Richard Benese

borndied
unknown1546
a canon of the Augustinian priory of Merton. Benese supplicated for the degree of B.C.L. at Oxford University 6 July 1619. He signed the surrender of the Augustinian priory of Merton to Henry VIII on 16 April 1538. He had previously written a book upon the art and science of surveying land. The book was prepared for the press by Thomas Paynell, also a canon ...
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Hayim Yakup Benyakar

bornactivedied
unknown1800-1835unknown
Chaim Jacob Benyakar (also Jacob Haïm Benyakar) was a Jewish scholar of the 18th / 19th Century and from 1800 to 1835 Chief Rabbi in Constantinople Opel ........Chief Rabbi (1800-1835)* Ottoman Empire


Henric Benzelius

bornactivedied
1689, Aug 71747-17581758, May 20
he was Bishop of Lund from 1744 to 1747, and Archbishop of Uppsala in the Church of Sweden from 1747 to his death. Benzelius was one of the people sent by Charles XII of Sweden to the Middle East, travelling to Egypt and Syria. After returning for a time he took up a post in Lund University. He was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in...
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Jacob Benzelius

bornactivedied
unknown1744-1747unknown
Archbishop of Uppsala (1744-1747)* Lutheran Swedish Church


Eric Benzelius the Elder

bornactivedied
1632, Dec 161700-17091709, Feb 17
a Swedish theologian and Archbishop of Uppsala for the Lutheran Swedish Church from 1700 until his death in 1709. He took an important part in the various ecclesiastical committees active during the reigns of Charles XI and Charles XII, such as that concerning the new Church Law of 1686, the new hymn book of 1695 and the new Bible translation. Benzelius was ...
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Eric Benzelius the Younger

bornactivedied
1675, Jan 71742-17431743, Sep 23
a priest, theologian, librarian, bishop of Linköping, 1731-1742 and Archbishop of Uppsala, Sweden, 1742–1743, for the Lutheran Swedish Church. He was a highly learned man and one of Sweden's important Enlightenment figures. Benzelius' theology was marked by his father's orthodox beliefs and he wrote and published several books in theology, as well as in d...
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Edvard Bergenheim

bornactivedied
1798, Sep 181850-18841884, Feb 19
the Archbishop of Turku and the spiritual head of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland between 1850 and 1884. He graduated from secondary school in 1817, a Bachelor of Arts in 1822 and a master's degree in philosophy in 1823 in Turku, Finland.
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Ferenc Berke

borndied
1764 ca1841, Feb 10
a Hungarian Slovene Lutheran pastor and writer. After 1790, Berke was pastor in Križevci until October 14, 1805, when he became pastor in Puconci and later senior (superintendent) of the Evangelical congregation. Berke and Mátyás Godina published a second edition of the Prekmurian New Testament.
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Cross-listed in Explorers

Tomas de Berlanga

aka: Tomás
borndied
14871551, Aug 8
the fourth Bishop of Panamá. In 1535, he sailed to Peru to settle a dispute between Francisco Pizarro and Diego de Almagro over division of territory after the conquest of the Inca Empire. His ship stalled when the winds died and strong currents carried him out to the Galápagos Islands which he thus discovered on March 10, 1535.
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Richard Bernard

bornactivedied
15681598-16411641
an English Puritan clergyman and writer. Barnard was a Calvinist Puritan, but a moderate one. Bernard advocated a joyful approach to life, instead of the more serious and pious disposition that was encouraged at the time. Bernard wrote an influential handbook for ministers entitled The Faithfull Shepheard and his practice, which was published in 1607 and 162...
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Magnus Beronius

bornactivedied
1692, Oct 181764-17751775, May 18
He was Archbishop of Uppsala in the Lutheran Swedish Church from 1764 to his death in 1775. He studied in Uppsala for nine years to a master's degree in 1716. In 1724 he was elected lecturer in Gävle. After that he undertook a travel through Europe, and came home in 1727. He was appointed professor first in poetry, and then he changed to theology. Eventual...
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Besarion

bornactivedied
unknown1725-1737unknown
Catholicos-Patriarch of Iberia (1725-1737) for the Orthodox Church of Georgia. Locum Tenens for exiled Domenti IV to 1730.
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Cross-listed in Writers

Jacques Besson

borndied
1540 ca1573
a French Protestant inventor, mathematician, and philosopher, chiefly remembered for his popular treatise on machines Theatrum Instrumentorum (1571–72), which saw many reprints in different languages. In 1562 Besson became the pastor of the Protestant Reformed Church in Villeneuve-de-Berg, France, Olivier de Serres having sent a request to the Company of P...
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George Washington Bethune

borndied
1805, Mar 181862, Apr 28
a preacher-pastor in the Dutch Reformed Church. He was an outspoken Democrat in politics, opposed to slavery but unsympathetic to abolitionism. Due to his Calvinist ideas about the unsuitability of such a hobby for a clergyman, Bethune, an avid fisherman, worked anonymously on five of the US editions of Izaak Walton's The Compleat Angler under the pseudonym ...
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Bharimal

bornactivedied
unknown1803-1821unknown
Leader (Acarya) (1803–1821)* Svetambara Jainism


Bhiksu

bornactivedied
unknown1760-1803unknown
Leader (Acarya) (1760–1803)* Svetambara Jainism; Buddhism


Cross-listed in Writers

Jean-Paul Bignon

borndied
1662, Sep 191743, Mar 14
a French ecclesiastic, statesman, writer and preacher and librarian to Louis XIV of France. He was charged by the minister Colbert to head the Bignon Commission, which investigated the feasibility and then began the compilation of a guide to French artistic and industrial processes, published in the following century as the Descriptions of the Arts and Trade...
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William Bishop [1]

borndied
1553 ca1624
the first Roman Catholic bishop after the English Reformation. Officially, he was the titular bishop of Chalcedon, his territory included all of England, Wales and Scotland. English Catholics in the new King James's reign were faced by a novel oath of allegiance. In the subsequent troubles Bishop was committed to the Gatehouse Prison; he and twelve other pri...
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Cross-listed in Pirates

Lancelot Blackburne

aka: Blackburn, Blackborne, Blackbourn, Blackbourne
bornactivedied
1658, Dec 101680-17431743, Mar 23
an English clergyman, who became Archbishop of York, and – in popular belief – a pirate. He was described by Horace Walpole, in his Memories, as "…Blackbourn, the jolly old Archbishop of York, who had all the manners of a man of quality, though he had be...
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Antoinette Brown Blackwell

borndied
1825, May 201921, Nov 5
the first woman to be ordained as a mainstream Protestant minister in the United States. She was a well-versed public speaker on the paramount issues of her time, and distinguished herself from her contemporaries with her use of religious faith in her efforts to expand women's rights.
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Philip of the Blessed Trinity

borndied
16031671, Feb 28
a French Discalced Carmelite theologian and missionary. Choosing the missionary life, he studied in Paris and two years at the seminary in Rome, proceeded in February 1629 to the Holy Land and Persia, and then to Goa where he became prior of the Order convent and teacher of philosophy and theology (1631-1639). After the martyrdom of his pupil Dionysius, Phil...
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Cross-listed in Astronomers

Nathaniel Bliss

bornactivedied
1700, Nov 281742-17621764, Sep 2
an English astronomer of the 18th century, serving as Britain's fourth Astronomer Royal between 1762 and 1764. In 1736, Bliss became rector of St Ebbe's Church in Oxford. Supported by, among others; the 2nd Earl of Macclesfield (George Parker), Savilian Professor of Astronomy James Bradley and by William Jones, Bliss succeeded Edmond Halley as Savilian Profe...
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Cross-listed in Composers

Erhard Bodenschatz

borndied
15761636
a German pastor, cantor and composer. He was cantor at Schulpforta from 1600 to 1603 and pastor in Groß-Osterhausen/Querfurt from 1608 onwards. He produced several motets. Among his best known works was the edited motet collection Florilegium Portense, meaning "Schulpforta's anthology". It was published in two volumes in Leipzig in 1618 and 1621 and held 36...
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Andrea Bogdani

aka: Ndre Bogdani
borndied
1600 ca1683
an Ottoman scholar of Albanian origin and prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. After he completed his education in Loreto he went to Ottoman Serbia and became a parish in Priština. From 1656 to 1677, when he resigned he served as Archbishop of Skopje, while from 1675 to 1677 he also served as apostolic administrator of Achrida. In his reports to Congregati...
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Robert Bolton

borndied
15721631, Dec 13
an English clergyman and academic, noted as a preacher. Under the influence of Thomas Peacock of Brasenose he then proceeded B.D. in 1609, having decided to become a clergyman in the church of England. He was also appointed lecturer in logic and moral and natural philosophy. In his well known book, General directions for a Comfortable Walking with God, Bolto...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Nicholas Bond

borndied
15401608
an English churchman and academic, President of Magdalen College, Oxford, from 1590. He became rector of Britwell, Oxfordshire, on 3 May 1586, and of Alresford, Hampshire, in 1590; he also held the offices of chaplain of the Savoy Hospital and chaplain-in-ordinary to the queen. He contributed Latin verses to the collection published at Oxford on the death of...
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Cross-listed in Governance

Cesare Borgia

aka: Duke of Valentinois
borndied
1475, Sep 131507, Mar 12
an Italian condottiero, nobleman, politician, and cardinal, whose fight for power was a major inspiration for The Prince by Machiavelli. He was the illegitimate son of Pope Alexander VI (r. 1492–1503, born Rodrigo Borgia) and his long-term mistress Vannozza dei Cattanei. He was the brother of Lucrezia Borgia; Giovanni Borgia (Juan), Duke of Gandia; and Gio...
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Cross-listed in Artists

Nicolas Borras

aka: Nicolás Borrás
borndied
15301610
a Spanish Renaissance painter, active in Valencia. The Hieronymite monks of Cotalba called him to paint the greater altarpiece of the church. In this way, he entered in the order. The altarpiece consisted in fourteen tables. There was a sculpture of Saint Jerome in the middle. In addition, he made other altarpieces for the chapels of the church and the chapt...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Jacques-Benigne Bossuet

aka: Jacques-Bénigne
bornactivedied
1627, Sep 271643-17011704, Apr 12
a French bishop and theologian, renowned for his sermons and other addresses. He has been considered by many to be one of the most brilliant orators of all time and a masterly French stylist. The works best known to English speakers are three great orations delivered at the funerals of Queen Henrietta Maria, widow of Charles I of England (1669), her daughter...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Jonathan Boucher

borndied
1738, May 121804, Apr 27
an English clergyman, teacher, preacher and philologist. Boucher was an accomplished writer and scholar, contributed largely to William Hutchinson's History of the County of Cumberland (2 vols., 1794 seq.), and published A View of the Causes and Consequences of the American Revolution (1797), dedicated to General more
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Cross-listed in Writers

Edward Boughen

borndied
15871660 ca
an English royalist divine. He was appointed chaplain to John Howson, bishop of Oxford; he afterwards held a cure at Bray in Berkshire; and on 13 April 1633 was collated to the rectory of Woodchurch in Kent. The presbyterian inhabitants of Woodchurch petitioned against him in 1640 for having acted as a justice of the peace, and he was ejected from both his l...
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Dutty Boukman

borndied
unknown1791, Nov
an African man, enslaved in Jamaica. All rebellious slaves everywhere were sold to the french in Saint-Domingue, and Boukman was no exception. Boukman was sold to a plantation in North Haiti. Boukman was one of the most visible early leaders of the Haitian Revolution. According to some contemporary accounts, Boukman conducted a religious ceremony at the Bwa ...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Nicholas Bourbon the Younger

aka: Nicolaus Borbonius, Horatius Gentiles, Petrus Mola
borndied
15741644, Aug 6
a French clergyman and neo-Latin poet. There is little information about the details of his life. Son of a doctor, he studied under political satirist and poet Jean Passerat. Bourbon then held a professorship at the Collège de France and was admitted into the Oratory of Saint Philip Neri in 1630. He was elected the second occupant of Académie française se...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Reynold Bouyer

borndied
1741, Dec 241826, Jan 30
an English clergyman, archdeacon of Northumberland. Bouyer was an energetic reformer. During his time in Lincolnshire he was engaged in a variety of efforts at employing the poor, promoting wool production and the worsted industry, and founding the Lincolnshire Stuff Balls at Alford in 1785. He established a scheme whereby parishes opened spinning schools, i...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Thomas Bowdler the Younger

borndied
1782, Mar 131856, Nov 12
a Christian (Anglican) priest, sermon-writer, biographer and editor. In 1803 he was appointed curate of Leyton, Essex; and after holding the livings of Ash and Ridley, and of Addington, Kent, he became in 1834 incumbent of the church at Sydenham. He took an active part in opposing the Tractarian movement around 1840. In 1846 he became secretary of the Church...
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Cross-listed in Writers

John Bowes

borndied
1804, Jun 121874, Sep 23
an English preacher. Bowes began teaching while in his teens, first among the Wesleyans, and then as a primitive methodist minister. Bowes renounced party appellations around 1830 to start a new mission at Dundee, with the help of Jabez Burns. Bowes' publications consist of some 220 tracts, two series of magazines—the Christian Magazine and the Truth Promo...
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Cross-listed in Writers

John Bowle

borndied
17251788
an English clergyman, known today primarily for his ground-breaking, annotated edition of Cervantes's Don Quixote. Bowle was an erudite scholar, acquainted with French, Spanish, and Italian literature, and accumulated a large and valuable library, sold in 1790. He was a member of Samuel Johnson's Essex Head Club. He preceded John Douglas in detecting William...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Nicholas Bownde

aka: Bownd, Bound
borndied
unknown1613
an English clergyman, known for his Christian Sabbatarian writings. In 1595 Bownde published the first edition of his treatise on Sabbath. In it he maintained that the seventh part of our time ought to be devoted to the service of God; that Christians are bound to rest on the first day of the week as much as the Jews were on Mosaical Sabbath. He contended th...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Thomas Boyce

borndied
1732 ca1793, Feb 4
an English cleric and dramatist. He was born at Swanton, Norfolk. Boyce spent four years under Mr. Bullimer at Norwich, and four at Scarning under Mr. Brett. He was admitted pensioner to Caius College, Cambridge, proceeding B.A. in 1754 and M.A. in 1767. Ordained deacon, he served as curate of Cringleford in 1768, and rector of Worlingham, Suffolk, from 1780...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Zachary Boyd

borndied
15851653
a Scottish minister and university administrator who wrote many sermons, scriptural versifications and other devotional works. He served as Dean of Faculties, Rector and Vice-Chancellor at the University of Glasgow during the 1630s and 1640s, and bequeathed a generous legacy to the University including his library and large manuscript collection of unpublish...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Claude Boyer

borndied
16181698, Jul 22
a French clergyman, playwright, apologist and poet. Contrary to a popular belief, he was never abbot. Claude Boyer was educated by the Jesuits, where he excelled in rhetoric. His classmate Michel Le Clerc, who like him wrote tragedies and was elected to the French Academy, became one of his closest friends. In 1645, Boyer moved to Paris where he attended exh...
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Edward Boys [2]

bornactivedied
15991630s-1660s1667
an English divine. Educated at Eton, he was elected a scholar of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, in May 1620, and as a member of that house graduated B.A. in 1623, M.A. in 1627, and obtained a fellowship in 1631. He proceeded B.D., was appointed one of the university preachers in 1634, and in 1639, on the presentation of William Paston, his friend and con...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Thomas Boys

bornactivedied
17921820s1880
an Anglican priest and theologian. Boys was a prolific writer. In 1825 he published a key to the Psalms, and in 1827 a Plain Exposition of the New Testament. Already in 1821 he had issued a volume of sermons, and in 1824 a book entitled Tactica Sacra, expounding a theory that in the arrangement of the New Testament writings a parallelism could be detected si...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Theophilus Brabourne

borndied
15901662
an English Puritan clergyman and theological writer on the Christian Sabbath question. Brabourne held a conference with Francis White (bishop of Norwich 1629-31, of Ely 1631-8). This was the beginning of his troubles with the high commission court. He was in the Gatehouse Prison at Westminster for nine weeks, and was then publicly examined before the high co...
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Cross-listed in Writers

David Bradberry

borndied
17361803
an English nonconformist minister. Bradberry appears to have been resident in London in 1768, and for a time was minister of the congregation at Glovers' Hall, London, which then belonged to the baptists; but he went from Ramsgate to Manchester, where he succeeded the Rev. Timothy Priestley as the minister of a congregational church in Cannon Street. He was ...
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John Braddocke

borndied
16561719, Aug 14
an English cleric. Braddocke was a native of Shropshire, and received his education at St. Catharine's Hall, Cambridge, where he was elected to a fellowship (B.A. 1674, M.A. 1678). On leaving the university, he became chaplain to Sir James Oxenden and to Dr. John Battely, rector of the neighbouring parish of Adisham. In 1694 he was nominated to the perpetual...
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Cross-listed in Writers

John Brand

borndied
unknown1808, Dec 23
an English clergyman and writer on politics and political economy. Having taken orders and held a curacy he was appointed reader at St Peter Mancroft, Norwich. Brand was a Tory, and his Toryism coloured all his writings. In his first pamphlet, Observations on some of the probable effects of Mr. Gilbert's Bill, to which are added Remarks on Dr. Price's accoun...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Gerard Brandt

borndied
1626, Jul 251685, Oct 12
a Dutch preacher, playwright, poet, church historian, biographer and naval historian. A well-known writer in his own time, his works include a Life of Michiel de Ruyter (1687, Het Leven en bedryf van den Heere Michiel de Ruiter - an important source on the admiral's life) and a Historie der vermaerde zee- en koopstadt Enkhuisen (1666, Geschiedenis van Enkhui...
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Cross-listed in ExplorersWriters

John Brereton

borndied
1572 cq1632 ca
a gentleman adventurer and chronicler of the 1602 voyage to the New World led by Bartholomew Gosnold. Brereton recorded the first European exploration of Cape Cod and its environs. His account, published in 1602, helped promote the possibilities of English colonization in what was then known as "the North part of Virginia" and would later become known as New...
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Cross-listed in WritersPhysicians

Timothie Bright

borndied
1551 ca1615
an Early Modern British physician and clergyman, the inventor of modern shorthand. Bright graduated M.B. at Cambridge in 1574, received a license to practise medicine in the following year, and was created M.D. in 1579. Bright afterwards abandoned the medical profession and took holy orders. In 1588 he dedicated his treatise Characterie to Queen Elizabeth, w...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Thomas Brightman

borndied
15621607
an English clergyman and biblical commentator. His exegesis of the Book of Revelation, published posthumously, proved influential. Brightman's contributions was to weaken the imperial associations tied to the Emperor Constantine I. The detailed reading, in favour of the Genevan and Scottish churches, and condemning the 'Laodicean' (lukewarm) Church of Englan...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Thomas Biggin Broadbent

borndied
17931817, Nov 9 ca
an English preacher. After graduating in April 1813 he became classical tutor in the Unitarian academy at Hackney, an office he filled till 1816, preaching latterly at Prince's Street Chapel, Westminster, during a vacancy. His pulpit powers were remarkable. He prepared for the press, in 1816, portions (1 and 2 Cor., 1 Tim., and Titus) of Thomas Belsham's Epi...
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Abraham ben Saul Broda

bornactivedied
1640 ca1693-17171717, Apr 11
a Bohemian Talmudist (Talmudforscher). when the office of chief rabbi of Prague became vacant about 1693, it was offered to Broda, who accepted it, although it was probably not very remunerative in consequence of the great fire of 1689, which impoverished many members of the congregation. This office, from which he had doubtless expected much pleasure, invol...
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Cross-listed in Writers

John Bromley

borndied
unknown1717
an English clergyman, Catholic convert, and translator. Bromley was a native of Shropshire, and was educated at Magdalene College, Cambridge. At the beginning of James II's reign he was curate of St. Giles's-in-the-Fields, London; but soon afterwards he joined the Roman Catholic church and obtained employment as a corrector of the press in the king's printin...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Hans Adolph Brorson

borndied
1694, Jun 201764, Jun 3
a Danish Pietist bishop and hymn writer. Brorson belonged to a clerical family: both of this brothers were energetic and successful Pietist vicars. He began publishing hymns in 1732 while a pastor in southern Jutland. Almost forgotten after his death but "re-detected" during the romantic period Brorson is now ranked among the four greatest Danish hymn writer...
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Cross-listed in Writers

William Brough

bornactivedied
unknown1630s-16711671
an English royalist churchman, Dean of Gloucester from 1643. Brough was a supporter of William Laud and his Arminian views, was made chaplain to the king, and was installed canon of Windsor, 1 February 1639. At the beginning of the First English Civil War, he was removed from his benefice by the parliamentary commission, and lost his home and possessions. H...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Richard Broughton

aka: Rouse
borndied
1558 ca1634, Jan 18
a Catholic priest and antiquarian. Broughton claimed descent form the Broughtons of Lancashire. He was ordained at Reims on 4 May 1593 and soon after returned to England. John Pitts, a contemporary, says that he "gathered a most abundant harvest of souls into the granary of Christ" and eulogizes his attainments in being "no less familiar with literature than...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Thomas Broughton

borndied
1704, Jul 51774, Dec 21
an English clergyman, biographer, and miscellaneous writer, whose works include the libretto to Handel's Hercules. He was an industrious writer in many kinds of composition. He published an Historical Dictionary of all Religions from the Creation of the World to the Present Times (1742), a huge work in two volumes folio ; he translated Voltaire's Temple of T...
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William Broughton

bornactivedied
1788, May 221847-18531853, Feb 20
the first (and only) Bishop of Australia of the Church of England. (aka the Anglican Church of Australia -- the Diocese of Australia was later divided into a number of smaller dioceses) from 1847 until 1853. Broughton was a busy bishop and travelled widely, perhaps more so after his wife died in 1848.
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Johan Browallius

bornactivedied
17071737-17551755
a Finnish and Swedish Lutheran theologian, physicist, botanist and one-time friend of Swedish taxonomist Carl Linnaeus. He was a Professor of Physics from 1737–46, Professor of Theology 1746–49 and was the Bishop of Turku (1748-1755), then a diocese of the Lutheran Finish Church, and Vice-Chancellor of The Royal Academy of Turku from 1749 until his deat...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Moses Browne

borndied
17041787, Sep
a pen-cutter from Clerkenwell, London, England who became a poet and eventually rose amongst the ranks of the Church of England. Browne made many contributions to the Gentleman's Magazine which was founded by Edward Cave in 1731. He won several prizes awarded by Cave. During this time, Browne would be mixing with some of the distinguished literary figures of...
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Thomas Brownell

bornactivedied
1779, Oct 191819-18651865, Jan 13
founder of Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut, and Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church from 1852 until his death in 1865. He studied at Union College, Schenectady, New York, receiving his degree in 1804. He was ordained to the diaconate and priesthood by Bishop John Henry Hobart. He was consecrated Bishop of Connecticut in New Haven on October 27,...
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Robert Bruce

bornactivedied
15541587-16241631, Jul 27
Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland which was called on 6 February 1588 to prepare defences against a possible invasion by the Spanish Armada. He was born in 1554, the second son of Sir Alexander Bruce of Airth. His mother Janet was the great, grand daughter of King James I of Scotland. In 1572, he graduated M.A. from St Andrews Unive...
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Cross-listed in WritersScientists

Giordano Bruno

borndied
1548, Jan 11600, Feb 17
an Italian Dominican friar, philosopher, mathematician, poet, and cosmological theorist. He is remembered for his cosmological theories, which conceptually extended the then novel Copernican model. He proposed that the stars were just distant suns surrounded by their own exoplanets and raised the possibility that these planets could even foster life of their...
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Timeline (3)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

George Bull

borndied
1634, Mar 251710, Feb 17
an English theologian and Bishop of St David's. After the Glorious Revolution he was placed on the commission of peace, and continued to act as a magistrate until he was made a bishop, in connection with the society for the reformation of manners. He wrote four major theological treatises in Latin, one on justification and three on the Trinity. The Latin wor...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Heinrich Bullinger

borndied
1504, Jul 181575, Sep 17
a Swiss reformer, the successor of Huldrych Zwingli as head of the Zurich church and pastor at Grossmünster. A much less controversial figure than John Calvin or Martin Luther, his importance has long been underestimated; recent research shows that he was one of the most influential theologians of the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century. Bullingers w...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Edmund Bunny

borndied
15401619, Feb 26
an Anglican churchman of Calvinist views. Edmund was sent to Oxford University at the age of sixteen, and after graduating B.A. was elected probationer fellow of Magdalen College. His father meant him for the law, and sent him to Staple Inn and Gray's Inn. He decided to enter the church, and was disinherited in favour of Richard, the second son, for so doing...
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Cross-listed in Composers

Benedictus Buns

borndied
16421716, Dec 6
a priest and composer. Much of Buns's work has survived, including motets, litanies, masses, pieces for chorus and instruments, as well as 14 instrumental sonatas.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

John Bunyan

borndied
1628, Nov1688, Aug 31
an English writer and Baptist preacher best remembered as the author of the Christian allegory The Pilgrim's Progress. In addition to The Pilgrim's Progress, Bunyan wrote nearly sixty titles, many of them expanded sermons. After the restoration of the monarch, when the freedom of nonconformists was curtailed, Bunyan was arrested and spent the next twelve yea...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Cornelius Burges

borndied
1589 ca1665
an English minister. He was active in religious controversy prior to and around the time of the Commonwealth of England and The Protectorate, following the English Civil War. In the years from 1640 he was a particularly influential preacher. The opposite writers speak of him with a bitterness which may be explained by his proceedings at Wells. Wood gloats ov...
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Cross-listed in NavalGovernance

Philip of Burgundy

aka: Philip van Bourgondie
bornactivedied
14641498-15241524
Admiral of the Netherlands from 1498 to 1517 and bishop of Utrecht from 1517 to 1524. In the years 1505-1507 he acted on behalf of the Habsburg dukes Philip the Fair and Maximilian I as governor of Gelre and Zutphen. As bishop, he lived as a true Renaissance prince, and allowed himself little interest in religious matters, he subcontracted by deputies. He di...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Francis Burke

borndied
unknown1697
an Irish Franciscan friar and writer. Born in Galway sometime early in the 17th century, Burke was among those expelled from the local Franciscan convent in 1652. He died in Italy in 1697. His only known work, Directorium Concionatorium, I and II, was published in Prague in 1690.
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Cross-listed in Writers

Gilbert Burnet

borndied
1643, Sep 181715, Mar 17
a Scottish philosopher and historian, and Bishop of Salisbury. He was fluent in Dutch, French, Latin, Greek, and Hebrew. Burnet was highly respected as a cleric, a preacher, an academic, a writer and a historian. He was always closely associated with the Whig party, and was one of the few close friends in whom King William III confided.
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Cross-listed in Writers

Robert Burscough

borndied
16511709, Jul
an English divine. The son of Thomas Burscough, he was born at Cartmel, Lancashire, in 1651. He entered Queen's College, Oxford, as servitor in 1668, and took his B.A. in 1672 and M.A. in 1682. In 1681 he was presented by Charles II of England to the vicarage of Totnes, Devonshire, in succession to John Prince, author of the Worthies of Devon. He was prebend...
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Cross-listed in Writers

John Burton [1]

borndied
16961771
an English clergyman and academic, a theological and classical scholar. Throughout his life Burton poured forth tracts and sermons. He contributed to the Weekly Miscellany a series of papers on 'The Genuineness of Lord Clarendon's History of the Rebellion—Mr. Oldmixon's Slander confuted,' which was subsequently enlarged and printed separately at Oxford in ...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Edward Bury

borndied
16161700
an English ejected minister. Bury was a man of learning, educated at Coventry Grammar School and at Oxford, and that before obtaining the rectory of Great Bolas be had been chaplain in a gentleman's family and assistant to an aged minister. He received presbyterian ordination. The date at which he began his ministry at Great Bolas was before 1654.
Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Charles Butler

borndied
15601647
sometimes called the Father of English Beekeeping, was a logician, grammarist, author, minister (Vicar of Wootton St Lawrence, near Basingstoke, England), and an influential beekeeper. He was also an early proponent of English spelling reform. He observed that bees produce wax combs from scales of wax produced in their own bodies; and he was among the first ...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Joseph Butler

borndied
1692, May 181752, Jun 16
an English bishop, theologian, apologist, and philosopher. He was born in Wantage in the English county of Berkshire (now Oxfordshire). He is known, among other things, for his critique of Thomas Hobbes's egoism and more
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Cross-listed in Writers

Nicholas Byfield

borndied
15791622
an English clergyman, a leading preacher of the reign of James I. Byfield's works were numerous, and most of them went through many editions, some as late as 1665. His expository works are Calvinistic.
Links (1)

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