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Cross-listed in Governance

Jean d'Estrees

aka: d'Estrées
borndied
16661718, Mar 3
a French priest and politician. In 1692, Jean d'Estrées was given his first diplomatic mission, being responsible for the assurance of Portuguese neutrality during the War of the Grand Alliance. Earning a doctorate in theology in 1698, he became the abbot of Évron. In 1703, he joined his uncle in Spain, who was the ambassador to France, and succeeded him a...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Charles Constance Cesar Joseph Matthieu d'Agoult

aka: Charles Constance César Joseph Matthieu
borndied
17471824
a French Roman Catholic bishop, afterwards a political writer. He studied at the Seminary of St. Sulpice at Paris, and became Bishop of Pamiers in 1787. During the French Revolution he emigrated, but returned to France in 1801, after having surrendered his bishopric.
Links (1)Notes (1)


Ippolito d'Este

borndied
1479, Mar 201520, Sep 3
an Italian Roman Catholic cardinal, and Archbishop of Esztergom. He was a member of the House of Este. On May 16, 1511, he was among the cardinals who signed the appeal to the pope to speak at the schismatic Council of Pisa. However, his brother Alfonso later convinced him to abandon the schism, and the pope authorized him to return to Ferrara. In 1513 Ippol...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Peter Dajnko

borndied
1787, Apr 231873, Feb 22
a Slovene priest, author, and linguist, known primarily as the inventor of the Dajnko alphabet (Slovene: dajn?ica), an innovative proposal for the Slovene alphabet. Dajnko was also a proficient beekeeper and wrote the first book about beekeeping in the Slovene language, titled ?elarstvo (meaning "Beekeeping" in English). After finishing high school in Marib...
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Links (1)


Damaskinos

bornactivedied
unknown1824-1827unknown
Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1824–1827)* Orthodox Church of Cyprus


Daniel

bornactivedied
unknown1802-1808unknown
(in opposition) Catholicose of All Armenian (1802–1808)* Armenian Apostolic Church


Daniil

bornactivedied
unknown1802-1805unknown
Metropolitan of Turnovo (1802–1805)* Bulgarian Orthodox Church


Daniil I

bornactivedied
unknown1767-1791unknown
Patriarch (1767-1791)* Patriarchate of Antioch


Daniil II

bornactivedied
unknown1719-1731unknown
Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1719-1731)* Romanian Orthodox Church


Danilo II

bornactivedied
unknown1852unknown
Metropolitan (vladika) (1852–1852)* Montenegrin Orthodox Church


Cross-listed in Writers

Guru Ram Das

borndied
15341581
Ram Das became guru and remained so for 7 years.As a Guru, one of his main contributions to Sikhism was organizing the structure of Sikh society. There are 688 Hymns by Guru Ram Das which have various teachings for Sikhs—that are in the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh supreme granth
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

John Davies [1]

borndied
1567 ca1644
one of Wales's leading scholars of the late Renaissance. He wrote a Welsh grammar and dictionary. He was also a translator and editor and an ordained minister of the Church of England. He is believed to have been the main editor and reviser of the 1620 edition of the Welsh translation of the Bible and the 1621 edition of the Welsh translation of the Book of ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Richard Davies

borndied
1505 ca1581, Nov 7
a Welsh bishop and scholar. Famous for his oratory abilities, he was renowned for having an embarrassing speech impediment which earned him the affectionate nickname of Biffe.The nickname Biffe derived from the ancient Celtic word for fool from which we now take the word buffoon. Another of the bishops friends was Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex. Assisti...
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Links (1)


Dawit' V

bornactivedied
unknown1801-1807unknown
Catholicose of All Armenian (1801–1807)* Armenian Apostolic Church


Cross-listed in Writers

William Day

borndied
1605 ca1684
an English cleric and biblical commentator. He received his education at Eton College. He was elected in 1624 to King's College, Cambridge, of which he became a Fellow (B.A. 1628-9, M.A. 1632). In 1635 he was incorporated M.A. at Oxford, and in 1637 he was presented by Eton College to the vicarage of Mapledurham, Oxfordshire. He complied with all the changes...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Bertrand de Loque

bornactivedied
unknown1580s1600+
a Protestant minister, said to be the same person as François de Saillans, who was born in Valence between 1540 and 1550. Loque was still alive in 1600. There is very little information available about the details of his life. He was the author of Deux Traitéz: l'un de la guerre, l'autre du duel (Lyon: Iacob Ratoyre, 1589).
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Explorers

Miguel de Palomares

borndied
unknown1542
Priest in Spanish-settled Mexico, buried in Aztec temple.


Vincent de Paul

borndied
1581, Apr 241660, Sep 27
a priest of the Catholic Church who dedicated himself to serving the poor. He is venerated as a saint in the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion. He was canonized in 1737. He was renowned for his compassion, humility, and generosity and is known as the "Great Apostle of Charity".
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Governance

Louis de Rohan

aka: Cardinal de Rohan
borndied
1734, Sep 251803, Feb 16
a French bishop of Strasbourg, politician, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, and cadet of the Rohan family (which traced its origin to the kings of Brittany). His parents were Hercule Mériadec, Prince of Guéméné and Louise Gabrielle Julie de Rohan. He was born in Paris. Members of the Rohan family had filled the office of Bishop of Strasbourg since...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Francis de Sales

borndied
1567, Aug 211622, Dec 28
a Bishop of Geneva and is honored as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church. He became noted for his deep faith and his gentle approach to the religious divisions in his land resulting from the Protestant Reformation. He is known also for his writings on the topic of spiritual direction and spiritual formation, particularly the Introduction to the Devout Life ...
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Links (1)


Nicolas de Thou

bornactivedied
15281547-15981598, Nov 5
an eminent French cleric, Bishop of Chartres, and in politics a figure instrumental in the coronation of Henry IV of France, the first monarch of the Bourbon dynasty in France.


Giancarlo de' Medici

borndied
1611, Jul 241663, Jan 22
an Italian cardinal of the House of Medici. He was the second son of Grand Duke Cosimo II of Tuscany and his wife, Maria Maddalena of Austria, and the brother of Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany. On 14 November 1644 Pope Innocent X created Giancarlo a cardinal-deacon as a token of his affection toward the Medici. Thus forced to give up his mil...
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Links (1)


Henry Deane

borndied
1440 ca1503
Archbishop of Canterbury from 1501 until his death. Deane was admitted to the society of Lincoln's Inn in 1489, suggesting a knowledge of common law. On 13 September 1494, he was appointed Lord Chancellor of Ireland under Edward Poynings, in which capacity he made the opening address at the Drogheda Parliament of December 1494. When Poynings was recalled in...
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Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Arthur Dent

borndied
unknown1607
an English Puritan cleric, known as an author and preacher. Dent served as a curate for three years to George Withers, at Danbury, Essex. He was on 17 December 1580 instituted to the rectory of South Shoebury, Essex, on the presentation of Robert Rich, 2nd Baron Rich. In 1582 he was one of the witnesses examined in support of charges brought against Robert W...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in WritersScientists

William Derham

borndied
1657, Nov 261735, Apr 5
an English clergyman, natural theologian and natural philosopher. He produced the earliest, reasonably accurate estimate of the speed of sound. In 1696, he published his Artificial Clockmaker, which went through several editions. The best known of his subsequent works are Physico-Theology, published in 1713; Astro-Theology, 1714; and Christo-Theology, 1730. ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Edward Dering

borndied
1540 ca1576
an English priest and academic, known as a classical scholar, controversialist, supporter of Thomas Cartwright, and fiery preacher against his fellow clergy. Constantly in trouble from 1570, he was not found to be nonconformist in doctrine, but was an opponent of the episcopate. He was chosen by Parker as the scholar best qualified to reply to the Catholic S...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Casimiro Diaz

aka: Díaz
borndied
16931746
a Spanish Augustinian friar who accompanied the first Spanish expedition to the Cordillera. Díaz wrote Conquistas de las Islas Philipinas in 1718 (published in Valladolid in 1890). He also wrote Parrocho (1745). Casimiro Díaz reported, "The Igorots are a barbaric people." He was procurator-general (1719), twice provincial secretary (1722), definitor (1725)...
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Links (1)


Nikolaj Dimitrijevic

bornactivedied
unknown1730-1731unknown
Metropolitan of Karlovci (1730-1731)* Serbian Orthodox Church


Shimoun XIII Dinkha

bornactivedied
unknown1692-1700unknown
Patriarch (1692-1700)* Assyrian Church of the East


Dionizije II Niski

bornactivedied
unknown1813-1815unknown
Metropolitan of Belgrade (1813–1815)* Serbian Orthodox Church


Dionizije I Papazoglu

bornactivedied
unknown1785-1791unknown
Metropolitan of Belgrade (1785-1791)* Serbian Orthodox Church


Dionysios II

bornactivedied
unknown1706-1707unknown
Archbishop of Ohrid (1706-1707)* Orthodox Church of Macedonia


Dionysios II

bornactivedied
unknown1709-1714unknown
Archbishop of Ohrid (1709-1714)* Orthodox Church of Macedonia


Dionysios II

bornactivedied
unknown1819-1821unknown
Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1819–1821)* Romanian Orthodox Church


Dionysios II

bornactivedied
unknown1820-1823unknown
Metropolitan of Athens (1820–1823)* Orthodox Church of Greece


Dionysios III

bornactivedied
unknown1752-1753unknown
Archbishop of Ohrid (1752-1753)* Orthodox Church of Macedonia


Dionysios III

bornactivedied
unknown1756-1757unknown
Archbishop of Ohrid (1756-1757)* Orthodox Church of Macedonia


Dionysios IV

bornactivedied
unknown1708-1714unknown
Metropolitan of Turnovo (1708-1714)* Bulgarian Orthodox Church


Dionysius II

bornactivedied
unknown1546-1555unknown
Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1546-1555)*Church of Constantinople
Links (1)Notes (1)


Dionysius III

bornactivedied
unknown1662-1665unknown
Ecumenical Patriarch (1662-1665)*Church of Constantinople
Links (1)Notes (1)


Dionysius IV Muselimes

aka: the Muslim
bornactivedied
unknown1662-16961696, Sep 23
Ecumenical Patriarch of the Church of Constantinople for five times, in 1671–73, 1676–79, 1682–84, 1686–87, and 1693–94. He was born in Istanbul, where he grew up. He studied at the Phanar Greek Orthodox College and worked as an administrative officer at the Patriarchate. On 9 August 1662 he was elected bishop of Larissa, where he remained until 1...
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Links (1)Notes (1)


Jovan Djordjevic

bornactivedied
unknown1769-1773unknown
Metropolitan of Karlovci (1769-1773)* Serbian Orthodox Church


Cross-listed in Writers

John Dod

aka: Decalogue Dod
borndied
1549 ca1645
a non-conforming English clergyman, taking his nickname for his emphasis on the Ten Commandments. He is known for his widely circulated writings. Although he lost one means of livlihood because of Puritan beliefs, he had important support from sympathetic members of the Puritan gentry throughout a long career. He was vicar of Hanwell, Oxfordshire, from 1585,...
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Links (1)


Dolma Phodrang Padma Dudul

bornactivedied
unknown1806-1843unknown
1806-1843, Sakya sect, Throne holder; Buddhism


Dolma Phodrang Thegchen Tashi

bornactivedied
unknown1846-1865unknown
1846-1865, Sakya sect, Throne holder; Buddhism


Domenti III

aka: Domenti IV
bornactivedied
unknown1704-17411741
Catholicos-Patriarch of Iberia (twice, from 1704-1725 and 1739-1741) for the Orthodox Church of Georgia. Exiled in 1725.
Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Explorers

Francisco Dominguez

aka: Francisco Atanasio
bornactivedied
1740 ca1757-18001804 ca
One of the leaders of the Dominguez-Escalante Expedition, a journey under a commission from the Spanish government to find a route from Santa Fe to Monterey and to record certain facts about the North American southwest.
Timeline (1)Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

John Donne

borndied
1572, Jan 221631, Mar 31
an English poet and a cleric in the Church of England. He is considered the pre-eminent representative of the metaphysical poets. His works are noted for their strong, sensual style and include sonnets, love poems, religious poems, Latin translations, epigrams, elegies, songs, satires and sermons. His poetry is noted for its vibrancy of language and inventiv...
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Links (1)


Dorotheos

bornactivedied
unknown1794-1797unknown
Archbishop of Sinai (1794-1797)* Orthodox Church of Mount Sinai


Dositheos

bornactivedied
unknown1793-1810unknown
Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1793–1810)* Romanian Orthodox Church


Dositheos II

bornactivedied
unknown1669-1707unknown
Patriarch (1669-1707)* Patriarchate of Jerusalem -*Church of Constantinople


Cross-listed in GovernanceWriters

Gavin Douglas

aka: Gawin
bornactivedied
1474 ca1496-15211522, Sep
a Scottish bishop, makar and translator. Although he had an important political career, it is for his poetry that he is now chiefly remembered. His principal pioneering achievement was the Eneados, a full and faithful vernacular translation of the Aeneid of Virgil and the first successful example of its kind in any Anglic language. Other extant poetry includ...
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Links (17)


Cross-listed in MilitaryGovernanceWriters

Sir George Downing

aka: 1st Baronet
borndied
16231684, Jul 22
an Anglo-Irish preacher, soldier, statesman, diplomat, turncoat and spy, after whom Downing Street in London is named. As Treasury Secretary he is credited with instituting major reforms in public finance. His influence was substantial on the passage and substance of the mercantilist Navigation Acts. The Acts strengthened English commercial and Naval power, ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Thomas Drant

borndied
1540 ca1578
an English clergyman and poet. Work of his on prosody was known to Sir Philip Sidney and Edmund Spenser. He was in the intellectual court circle known as the 'Areopagus', and including, as well as Sidney, Edward Dyer, Gabriel Harvey, and Daniel Rogers. He translated Horace into English, taking a free line in consideration of the Roman poet's secular status; ...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Jean-François Du Bellay du Resnel

borndied
1692, Jun 291761, Feb 25
a French ecclesiastic, writer and translator. Du Resnel came early to the college of Jesuits of Rouen , where he made ??his humanities . He was then received in the Congregation of the Oratory of Paris in 1710. He wrote memoirs and essays, published among others in the Journal of sçavans . The works of Father Du Resnel, considered a poet, be reduced to two...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in WritersLegal

Guillaume du Vair

borndied
1556, Mar 71621, Aug 3
a French author and lawyer. After taking holy orders, he exercised only legal functions for most of his career. However, from 1617 till his death he was Bishop of Lisieux. In 1595, Vair published his treatise De l'éloquence française et des raisons pour quoi elle est demeurée si basse, in which he criticizes the orators of his day, adding examples from t...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Isaac Dubourdieu

borndied
1597 ca1700 ca
a French Reformed minister. He was a French Protestant minister at Montpellier, who was driven from that place in 1682, and took refuge in London, where he is said by a contemporary author to have "held primary rank" among his fellow pastors, and to have been "wise, laborious, and entirely devoted to the welfare of the refugee church" In 1684 he published A ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

James Duchal

borndied
16971761
an Irish Presbyterian divine. In 1728 he published a volume of sermons, which show the influence of Francis Hutcheson. Duchal's studies were classical and philosophical rather than biblical. Late in life he returned to the study of Hebrew, to test the positions of the Hutchinsonian system, in which he found nothing congenial to his ideas. Duchal was an indef...
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Links (1)


Duchod Labrangpa Jamgon Kunga

bornactivedied
unknown1685-1711unknown
1685-1711, Sakya sect, Throne holder; Buddhism


Duchod Labrangpa Jamgon Wangdue

bornactivedied
unknown1783-1806unknown
1783-1806, Sakya sect; Buddhism


Cross-listed in Writers

Richard Duckworth

bornactivedied
unknown1690sunknown
an English campanologist. Duckworth, a native of Leicestershire, is probably identical with the Richard Duckworth mentioned, under date 4 May 1648, in the ‘Register of Visitors of Oxford University appointed by the Long parliament in 1647’ as one of the ‘submitting’ undergraduates of New Inn Hall, and with the Richard Ducker who, according to the sam...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

George Duffield Jr.

borndied
1818, Sep 121888, Jul 6
an American Presbyterian minister and hymnodist. He was born to Presbyterian minister George Duffield. He graduated from Yale College and the Union Theological Seminary in New York. He was a pastor from 1840 to 1869 at numerous cities including Brooklyn, New York; Bloomfield, New Jersey; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Adrian, Michigan; Galesburg, Illinois; Sagi...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Richard Duke

borndied
16581711
an English clergyman and poet, associated with the Tory writers of the Restoration era. He probably wrote much satirical verse, which can only be identified occasionally by internal evidence. Among works by Duke was the caustic satire on Titus Oates, printed by Nathanael Thompson, ‘A Panegyrick upon Oates,’ which is referred to in Duke's acknowledged com...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Charles Dunster

borndied
17501816, Apr
a British writer, and translator. He was the only son of the Rev. Charles Dunster, prebendary of Salisbury. He was admitted at Oriel College, Oxford, as a commoner in 1767, took his B.A. degree at the end of 1770, migrated early in 1771 to Balliol, and again in 1773 to Trinity. He was instituted to the Worcestershire rectories of Oddingley and Naunton Beauch...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Diego Duran

aka: Durán
borndied
1537 ca1588
a Dominican friar best known for his authorship of one of the earliest Western books on the history and culture of the Aztecs, The History of the Indies of New Spain, a book that was much criticized in his lifetime for helping the "heathen" maintain their culture. Also known as the Durán Codex, The History of the Indies of New Spain was published c. 1581. D...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

John Dury

borndied
15961680
a Scottish Calvinist minister and a significant intellectual of the English Civil War period. He made efforts to re-unite the Calvinist and Lutheran wings of Protestantism, hoping to succeed when he moved to Kassel in 1661, but he did not accomplish this. He was a prolific preacher, pamphleteer and writer. Dury gave a well-known sermon to the Parliament on 2...
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Links (1)

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