Search   
 
 
 
In a world without recorded music, talent with an instrument was a valuable gift. But even more admired were the people who actually composed the music others would play; those so endowed could aspire to attain unending renown...and if not, at least a lucrative career.
Status

Last Name
Nationality
Active
Sort
Selected
 
Find:

Carolus Hacquart

borndied
1640 ca1693 ca
a Flemish composer and musician. He became one of the most important 17th-century composers in the Dutch Republic and possibly also worked in England. Hacquart is the composer of the first opera in the Dutch language.
Links (1)


Johann Christian Friedrich Haeffner

borndied
17591833
a German-born Swedish composer. Hæffner composed three operas, theatre music, a mass, songs with piano accompaniment, and was responsible for the new Swedish chorale book in 1819.
Links (1)


Bernhard Joachim Hagen

borndied
17201787
a German composer, lutenist and violinist. He was the last important composer of lute music in 18th century Germany. Hagen was employed at the Bayreuth court as a violinist and as a lutenist, and his virtuoso lute performances and his compositions for lute were known and appreciated.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Educators

Elizabeth Joanetta Catherine von Hagen

borndied
17501809/1810
a Dutch pianist, music educator and composer who lived and worked in the United States. Von Hagen composed works for piano and was known as a composer and arranger of theatrical music. She died in Massachusetts.
Links (1)


Jakob Haibel

borndied
17621826
an Austrian composer, operatic tenor and choirmaster. In 1796, his opera Der Tiroler Wastel premiered at the theater to rave reviews. The work was Haibel's greatest success and was staged in a multitude of other theatres throughout the Austro-German part of Europe and no other original score by Haibel ever equalled its success.
Links (1)


Andreas Hakenberger

bornactivedied
15741608-16271627
a German composer. Not much is known of his life. He was born in Kremmin, Pomerania. Hakenberger operated mostly in Danzig. He primarily wrote German madrigals.
Links (1)


Jacques Fromental Halevy

aka: Halévy
borndied
17991862
Along with Meyerbeer, the best known composer of French grand opera, Halévy's key work is La Juive, a story of religious intolerance set in 15th century Germany.
Links (1)


Jean-Noel Hamal

aka: Jean-Noël
borndied
1709, Dec 231778, Nov 26
a composer from Liège.. After his apprenticeship with his father Henri-Guillaume Hamal (a pupil of Lambert Pietkin ), also a composer, he became a six-year-old master of the cathedral Notre-Dame and Saint-Lambert under Henri-Denis Dupont . It was a musical ensemble of more than thirty musicians, which he directed from 1737 to 1770. He completed his formatio...
more


Franz Xaver Hammer

borndied
17411817
a German gambist, cellist and composer. From 1771 to 1778, he worked under Joseph Haydn as cellist of the Esterhazy's court ensemble in Eisenstadt and at the Eszterháza palace. It is thought that Haydn composed three cello concertos for him.
Links (1)


Hans Hampel

borndied
18221884
Czech composer and pianist. He was a distinguished piano pupil of Tomášek and later a bank official by profession. Although no written reports about his public performances have survived, his Romantic character-pieces, strongly influenced by Schumann and Chopin, are evidence of his keyboard mastery. In such stylized dance pieces as Aufforderung zur Polka o...
more


George Frideric Handel

borndied
16851759
a German-born British Baroque composer who spent the bulk of his career in London, becoming well known for his operas, oratorios, anthems, and organ concertos. Born in a family indifferent to music, Handel received critical training in Halle, Hamburg and Italy before settling in London (1712), and became a naturalized British subject in 1727. He was strongly...
more
Timeline (19)Links (19)


Peter Hansel

aka: Hänsel
borndied
17701831
a German-Austrian violinist and classical composer of almost exclusively chamber music. He has been recently viewed not only as the principal representative of the true quartet school of Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, but also the composer responsible for incorporating French and Polish influences into the Viennese classical style, thus serving as...
more
Links (1)


Charles-Louis Hanssens

borndied
1802, Jul 121871, Apr 8
a Belgian composer. Nephew of Charles-Louis-Joseph Hanssens, he was, at the age of ten, second cello at the National Theater of Amsterdam. In 1822 he became the appointed conductor. In 1824 he went to Brussels where he settled after a few stays in Holland, Ghent and Paris. In 1848 he received the position of musical director of the Théâtre de la Monnaie.


Cross-listed in Writers

Krystof Harant

aka: Kryštof Harant z Polžic a Bezdružic
borndied
15641621, Jun 21
a Czech nobleman, traveler, humanist, soldier, writer and composer. He joined the Protestant Bohemian Revolt in the Lands of the Bohemian Crown against the House of Habsburg that led to Thirty Years' War. Following the victory of Catholic forces in the Battle of White Mountain, Harant was executed in the mass Old Town Square execution by the Habsburgs. As a ...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in WritersPhysicians

Henry Harington

borndied
17271816
an English doctor, musician, and author. While residing at Oxford he joined an amateur musical society, to which those only were admitted who were able to play and sing at sight. He founded the Bath Harmonic Society. The Duke of York appointed him his physician.
Links (1)


Johann Adolph Hasse

aka: Johann Adolf
borndied
16991783
an 18th-century German composer, singer and teacher of music. Immensely popular in his time, Hasse was best known for his prolific operatic output, though he also composed a considerable quantity of sacred music. Married to soprano Faustina Bordoni and a great friend of librettist Pietro Metastasio, whose libretti he frequently set, Hasse was a pivotal figur...
more
Links (1)


Hans Leo Hassler

borndied
15461612
a German composer and organist of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras. Hassler was one of the first to bring the innovations of the Venetian style across the Alps. Though Hassler was Protestant, he wrote many masses and directed the music for Catholic services in Augsburg.
Links (1)


Jakob Hassler

borndied
15691622
a German Renaissance composer. Although Hassler's vocal works were highly regarded in their day and remain the most extensive part of his overall catalog, they are little studied and considered "unremarkable." Nevertheless, Hassler's seven surviving keyboard works, consisting of three ricercars, a toccata, a fugue, fantasy, and a canzona, are of seminal impo...
more
Links (1)


Johann Wilhelm Hassler

aka: Häßler
borndied
17471822
a German composer, organist and pianist. His publications include many keyboard works, including sonatas, fantasies, preludes, and his best known piano work, the Grand Gigue in D minor, Op. 31; as well as a Grand Concert, Op. 50, a cantata, chamber works and songs.
Links (1)


Elisabeth de Haulteterre

aka: Élisabeth
bornactivedied
1720 ca1737-17681768
a French composer and violinist. Despite the similarity of the name, she did not come from La Couture, the home of the Hotteterre family including Jacques Martin Hotteterre and is probably not related. She was known as a concert violinist, playing Jean-Marie Leclair's sonatas at the Concert Spirituel in 1737. Her married name was Levésque.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Moritz Hauptmann

borndied
17921868
a German music theorist, teacher and composer. Notable in his early musical output is a grand tragic opera, Mathilde. Hauptmann's compositions are marked by symmetry and craftsmanship rather than spontaneous invention. His vocal output include two masses, choral songs for mixed voices, and numerous part songs. His musical philosophy embodied in his book Die ...
more
Links (1)


Joseph Haydn

aka: Franz Joseph
borndied
1732, Mar 311809, May 31
a prominent and prolific Austrian composer of the Classical period. He was instrumental in the development of chamber music such as the piano trio and his contributions to musical form have earned him the epithets "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet".
Timeline (12)Links (22)


Michael Haydn

borndied
17371806
an Austrian composer of the Classical period, the younger brother of Joseph Haydn. Michael never compiled a thematic catalog of his works, nor did he ever supervise the making of one. Haydn's sacred choral works are generally regarded as his most important.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Performers

Philip Hayes

borndied
17381797
an English composer, organist, singer and conductor. Hayes's musical language combined a respect for late Baroque idioms as practiced by composers such as Handel, together with a clear grasp of early classical styles. He was also interested in the music of earlier generations and added considerably to the wide-ranging music library inherited from his father....
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Performers

William Hayes

borndied
17061777
an English composer, organist, singer and conductor. As a composer he tended towards genres largely ignored by Handel—English chamber cantatas, organ-accompanied anthems and convivial vocal music—and his vocal works show an English preference for non-da capo aria forms.
Links (1)


John Hebden

borndied
17121765
a composer and musician in 18th century Great Britain. Hebden was principally an orchestral player and as such his social status and his income would have been low. He might, had he chosen, have supplemented his income considerably by composing popular songs, as did a number of his fellow musicians. Hebden was a professional bassoonist, gamba (viol) player a...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in InventorsPerformers

Pantaleon Hebenstreit

borndied
1668, Nov 271750, May 15
a German dance teacher, musician and composer. Today his notability rests primarily on the pantalon, a keyboard instrument which he invented and which subsequently came to be seen by some as a precursor of the modern Pianoforte. Between 1698 and 1703 he was contracted by The Duke to work on the drama and music at the court of Weissenfels. In 1705 he traveled...
more
Links (1)


Johann David Heinichen

borndied
16831729
a German Baroque composer and music theorist who brought the musical genius of Venice to the court of Augustus the Strong in Dresden. Heinichen's music lingered in obscurity for a long time.
Links (1)


Anthony Philip Heinrich

borndied
17811861
the first "full-time" American composer, and the most prominent before the American Civil War. He did not start composing until he was 36, after losing his business fortune in the Napoleonic Wars. For most of his career he was known as "Father Heinrich," an emeritus figure of America's small classical music community. He chaired the founding meeting of the N...
more
Links (1)


Pieter Hellendaal

borndied
1721, APr 11799, Apr 19
Anglo-Dutch composer, organist and violinist. He was sometimes distinguished with the suffix "The Elder", after the maturity of his musician son, Pieter Hellendaal the Younger. At age 30, he migrated to England where he lived for the last 48 of his 78 years. He was one of the most famous composers of Dutch origin in the 18th century.
Links (1)


Charles-Joseph van Helmont

borndied
17151790
a Flemish composer and church musician. Van Helmont composed a large number of religious and secular works, including the oratorio Judith, an opera Grisélidis and for Holy Week Les neuf Leçons de la Semaine Sainte for Basso Continuo and soprano. His general style leans towards that of his Italian contemporaries, his Pièces de Clavecin by Jean-Philippe Ram...
more


Sigmund Hemmel

borndied
1520 ca1565
a German composer, tenor, and Kapellmeister in Stuttgart, Württemberg. He was said to have used a "large polished slate stone for composing." He was director of the Hofkapelle Stuttgart from 1552 to 1554. He is perhaps best known for his Das Ganz Psalter Davids, a "collection of four-voiced settings of chorales with melody in the tenor voice according to th...
more
Links (1)


Adolf von Henselt

borndied
18141889
a German composer and pianist. He excelled in his own works and in those of Carl Maria von Weber and Frédéric Chopin. His Piano Concerto in F minor, Op. 16 was once frequently played in Europe, and of his many valuable studies, Étude in F-sharp major Si oiseau j'étais was very popular.
Links (1)


Francis Hartwell Henslowe

borndied
18111878
a civil servant and composer. He was the son of Edward Prentis Henslowe (1772-1857), who was the son of Sir John Henslow. His mother Cecilia Maria was the daughter of musician François Hippolyte Barthélémon. Henslowe emigrated to Sydney In 1839, arriving Hobart, 1841. He was appointed private secretary to Sir John Franklin 1811 and Police Magistrate at Ca...
more
Links (1)


Louis Joseph Ferdinand Herold

aka: Hérold
borndied
17911833
a French operatic composer of Alsatian descent who also wrote many pieces for the piano, orchestra, and the ballet. He is best known today for the ballet La fille mal gardée and the overture to the opera Zampa.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Astronomers

William Herschel

bornactivedied
1738, Nov 151774-18201822, Aug 25
a German-born British astronomer, composer, and brother of Caroline Herschel. His interest in astronomy grew stronger after he made the acquaintance of the English Astronomer Royal Nevil Maskelyne. He composed numerous musical works, including 24 symphonies and many concertos, as well as some church music.
Timeline (9)Links (22)


Johann Christian Hertel

borndied
1697/991754
a German composer, violinist and viola da gamba virtuoso. His compositions included in addition to orchestral and chamber music, many sonatas for violin and viola da gamba, but they are mostly lost or remained unpublished.


Johann Wilhelm Hertel

borndied
17271789
a German composer, harpsichord and violin player. Hertel wrote a great number of symphonies, solo concertos, harpsichord sonatas, songs, hymns, cantatas and oratorios. He is considered an important representative of the 'emotional style' of the German pre-classic.
Links (1)


James Hewitt

borndied
17701827
an American conductor, composer and music publisher. Born in Dartmoor, England, he was known to have lived in London in 1791 and early 1792, but went to New York in September of that year. He stayed in New York until 1811, conducting a theater orchestra and composing and arranging music for local ballad operas and musical events. He also gave lessons and sol...
more
Links (1)


Juan Hidalgo de Polanco

borndied
16141685
a Spanish composer and harpist. Hidalgo was born and died in Madrid. In either 1630 or 1631 he became a harpist at the Spanish royal chapel where he was responsible for the accompaniment of both sacred and secular music. Around 1645 he began to serve as leader of the court's chamber musicians and chief composer of villancicos, chamber songs, and music for th...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Educators

Henry Hiles

borndied
18261904
an English composer, organist, writer, and music educator. He began studying the piano at the age of 4 and began studying the organ just a few years later. He studied at the University of Oxford where he earned Bachelor of Music and Doctor of Music degrees.
Links (1)


Ferdinand Hiller

borndied
18111885
a German composer, conductor, writer and music-director. Hiller’s vast musical output is now more or less forgotten. It contained works in virtually every genre, vocal, choral, chamber and orchestral. He composed six operas, a violin concerto, chamber music that includes several quartets for strings with and without piano, and at least three string quartet...
more
Links (1)


Johann Adam Hiller

borndied
17281804
a German composer, conductor and writer on music, regarded as the creator of the Singspiel, an early form of German opera. In many of these operas he collaborated with the poet Christian Felix Weiße. Furthermore, Hiller was a teacher who encouraged musical education for women, his pupils including Elisabeth Mara and Corona Schröter. He was Kapellmeister of...
more
Links (1)


John Hilton the Elder

borndied
15651609?
an English countertenor, organist and composer of mainly sacred works. Hilton is best known for his anthems "Lord, for Thy Tender Mercy's Sake" (which may actually be by one of the Farrants) and "Call to Remembrance".
Links (1)


John Hilton the Younger

borndied
15991657
an English early Baroque composer. Born in Cambridge, died in Westminster. Hilton junior became organist at St. Margaret's Church, Westminster in 1628. He is best known for his books Ayres or Fa-Las for Three Voices and Catch That Catch Can.
Links (1)


Friedrich Heinrich Himmel

borndied
17651814
a German composer, was born at Treuenbrietzen in Brandenburg, Prussia, and originally studied theology at Halle before turning to music. His Italian operas, successively composed for Stockholm, St Petersburg and Berlin, were all received with great favor in their day. Of greater importance than these is a Singspiel to words by Kotzebue, called Fanchon. Himme...
more
Links (1)


Leonard de Hodemont

aka: Léonard , Hodémont, Mathieu Rosmarin
borndied
1575 ca1639
a Belgian Baroque composer, conductor, and organist. As a composer he wrote mainly sacred works. His compositions were widely influenced by Italian styles. Hodémont's work influenced music at the beginning of the 17th century in Liège. His pupils included Lambert Pietkin and Henry Du Mont de Thier, who became maître de chapelle for Louis XIV.
Links (1)


Andreas Hofer

borndied
1629 ca1684, Feb 25
a German composer of the Baroque period. He was a contemporary of Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber, whose predecessor he was in Salzburg in his office of Inspector and Hofkapellmeister, i.e., director of the court orchestra. Like Biber, Hofer was noted for his large-scale polychoral sacred works. It has been suggested that Hofer was the composer of the famous ...
more
Links (1)


Leopold Hoffman

borndied
17381793
an Austrian composer of classical music. In 1758 Hofmann secured what may have been his first appointment, as "musicus" at St. Michael's. He is known to have become choral director at St. Peter's Church in 1764 and, in 1766, kapellmeister. In 1769 he became a teacher to the royal family.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in ArtistsLegal

Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann

aka: E. T. A. Hoffmann
borndied
17761822
a German Romantic author of fantasy and horror, a jurist, composer, music critic, draftsman and caricaturist. His stories form the basis of Jacques Offenbach's famous opera The Tales of Hoffmann, in which Hoffmann appears (heavily fictionalized) as the hero. He is also the author of the novella The Nutcracker and the Mouse King, on which the famous ballet Th...
more
Links (1)


Melchior Hoffmann

borndied
1679/85 ca1715
a Baroque composer who was influential as the leader at the Collegium Musicum in Leipzig. His compositions have been mistaken for those of Johann Sebastian Bach. None of his operas survive, but contemporary reviews indicate they were well received. He has been identified as the first composer to use bells in a serious manner.
Links (1)


Franz Anton Hoffmeister

borndied
17541812
a German composer and music publisher. Following his studies, he decided on a career in music and by the 1780s he had become one of the city’s most popular composers, with an extensive and varied catalogue of works to his credit. Hoffmeister’s reputation today rests mainly on his activities as a music publisher.
Links (1)


Roman Hoffstetter

aka: Romanus
borndied
17421815
a classical composer and Benedictine monk who also admired Joseph Haydn almost to the point of imitation. Hoffstetter's music has the virtue of being memorable, with clear-cut themes that stay in the memory and make it easy to follow the musical development. Besides his string quartets, Hoffstetter composed at least ten Masses, as well as a number of smaller...
more
Links (1)


Charles Hofmann

aka: Franz Kar
borndied
17631823
a Dutch musician and composer. One of Hofmann's compositions is the preserved arrangement of the Viennese song "O Mein lieber Augustin", of which the Dutch later would use the melody for the feast of Saint Nicholas.
Links (1)


Leopold Hofmann

borndied
17381793
an Austrian composer of classical music. In 1758 Hofmann secured what may have been his first appointment, as "musicus" at St. Michael's. He is known to have become choral director at St. Peter's Church in 1764 and, in 1766, kapellmeister. In 1769 he became a teacher to the royal family. He wrote symphonies, concertos, and other works.
Links (1)


Richard Hol

borndied
18251904
a Dutch composer and conductor, based for most of his career at Utrecht. His conservative music showed the influence of Ludwig van Beethoven, Felix Mendelssohn, and Robert Schumann and the Leipzig school, though as a conductor he offered Dutch audiences the more revolutionary music of Hector Berlioz and Richard Wagner.
Links (1)


Anthony Holborne

borndied
1545 ca1602
a composer of English consort music during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. His first known book was the Cittarn Schoole of 1597, consisting of compositions for the cittern. He was held in the highest regard as a composer by contemporaries.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Oliver Holden

borndied
1765, Sep 181844, Sep 4
an American composer and compiler of hymns. While working as a carpenter, Holden published The American Harmony (1793), a book of sacred music, mostly original, arranged in three and four parts. Soon afterward followed Union Harmony, or a Universal Collection of Sacred Music (1793 & 1801) and The Massachusetts Compiler (1795). When George Washington visited ...
more
Links (1)


John Holmes

borndied
unknown1629
an English cathedral musician and Renaissance composer. His madrigal Thus Bonny-boots The Birthday Celebrated was included in The Triumphs of Oriana, a collection of vocal compositions published in 1601. Over his career, Holmes was employed at both the Winchester and Salisbury Cathedrals. Holmes was appointed Master of the Choristers at Salisbu...
more
Links (1)


Franz von Holstein

borndied
18261878


Samuel Adams Holyoke

borndied
17621820
an American composer and teacher of vocal and instrumental music. The source of his musical training is unknown, but he was composing music before he graduated from Harvard in 1789. After his death, his music was largely forgotten.
Links (1)


Ignaz Holzbauer

borndied
17111783
a composer of symphonies, concertos, operas, and chamber music, and a member of the Mannheim school. His aesthetic style is in line with that of the Sturm und Drang "movement" of German art and literature.
Links (1)


Gottfried August Homilius

borndied
17141785
a German composer, cantor and organist. He is considered one of the most important church composers of the generation following Bach's, and was the main representative of the empfindsamer style. Homilius predominantly composed church music: more than 10 passions, an oratorio for Christmas and one for Easter, over 60 motets, more than 150 cantatas, chorales,...
more
Links (1)


James Hook

borndied
17461827
an English composer and organist. He composed operas and other musical works, most of which were produced at Drury Lane and Covent Garden Theatres. He frequently collaborated with family members.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Performers

Theodore Hook

borndied
1788, Sep 221841, Aug 24
an English man of letters and composer and briefly a civil servant in Mauritius. He is best known for his practical jokes, particularly the Berners Street hoax in 1810. The world's first postcard was received by Hook in 1840, which he probably posted to himself. He spent a year at Harrow School and subsequently matriculated at the University of Oxford. His f...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in GovernanceWriters

Francis Hopkinson

bornactivedied
1737, Sep 211761-17911791, May 9
designed the first official American flag. He was an author, a composer, and one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence as a delegate from New Jersey. He served in various roles in the early United States government including as a member of the Continental Congress and chair of the Navy Board. He also served as a federal judge in Pennsylvania.
Timeline (1)Links (1)Notes (1)


Charles Edward Horsley

borndied
18221876
an English musician, was the son of William Horsley. He studied in Germany under Hauptmann and Mendelssohn, and on his return to England composed several oratorios and other pieces, none of which had permanent success.
Links (1)


William Horsley

borndied
1774, Nov 181858, Jun 12
an English musician. His compositions are numerous, and include amongst other instrumental pieces three symphonies for full orchestra. More important are his glees, of which he published five books besides contributing many detached glees and part songs to various collections.
Links (1)


Jacques-Martin Hotteterre

aka: Jacques Martin, Jacques Hotteterre
borndied
16741763
a French composer and flautist. He was the most celebrated of a family of wind instrument makers and wind performers. Hotteterre owed his fame largely to his talent for playing the flute, an instrument for which he wrote a number of pieces, significantly extending the repertory for the instrument. In addition, he played the bassoon, oboe, and musette. Hottet...
more
Links (1)


Vincent Houska

aka: Houška
borndied
17661840
a composer and musician who played mandolin and cello. He was good enough a musician that he was able to tour Europe and give concerts. The majority of his compositions were not published, the principal manuscripts being nocturnes and quintets for mandolin, alto and violoncello, as well as concertos for cello, and church compositions.
Links (1)


Tobias Hume

borndied
1569?1645
an English composer, viol player and soldier. His published music includes pieces for viols (including many solo works for the lyra viol) and songs. They were gathered in two collections, The First Part of Ayres (or Musicall Humors, 1605) and Captain Humes Poeticall Musicke (1607). He was a particular champion of the viol over the then-dominant lute, somethi...
more
Links (1)


Johann Nepomuk Hummel

borndied
17781837
an Austrian composer and virtuoso pianist. His music reflects the transition from the Classical to the Romantic musical era. He wrote eight piano concertos, ten piano sonatas (of which four are without opus numbers, and one is still unpublished), eight piano trios, a piano quartet, a piano quintet, a wind octet, a cello sonata, two piano septets, a mandolin ...
more
Links (1)


Pelham Humphrey

borndied
16471674
an English composer. He was the first of the new generation of English composers at the beginning of the Restoration to rise to prominence. By the age of seventeen Humfrey's anthems were evidently in use and he was sent by the King to study in Paris, probably in January 1665 where he was greatly influenced by music at the French Court. On the basis of the mu...
more
Links (1)


Friedrich Franz Hurka

borndied
17621805
considered one of the most important tenors of his time. In addition, he has created a whole series of romance related compositions, which are only partially received.


Conrad Friedrich Hurlebusch

borndied
16911765
a German/Dutch composer and organist. His output consists of cantatas, operas (L’innocenza difesa, Flavio Cuniberto), psalms, odes, concertos and keyboard sonatas. However, many of his works were lost. His 150 psalms were published in Amsterdam in 1766. Sammlung verschiedener und auserlesener Oden (1737-1743) by Johann Friedrich Gräfe contains 72 of his ...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Constantijn Huygens

borndied
1596, Sep 41687, Mar 28
a Dutch Golden Age poet and composer. He was secretary to two Princes of Orange: Frederick Henry and William II, and the father of the scientist Christiaan Huygens. He became friends with John Donne, and translated his poems into Dutch. He was unable to write poetry for months because of his anguish over his wife's death, but eventually he composed, inspired...
more
Links (1)

Colonial Sense is an advocate for global consumer privacy rights, protection and security.
All material on this website © copyright 2009-19 by Colonial Sense, except where otherwise indicated.
ref:T5-S50-P1103-C-M