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In a world without recorded music, talent with an instrument was a valuable gift. But even more admired were the people who actually composed the music others would play; those so endowed could aspire to attain unending renown...and if not, at least a lucrative career.
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Cross-listed in Writers

George Alexander Macfarren

borndied
1813, Mar 21887, Oct 31
an English composer and musicologist. His oratorios brought him some popular and critical success. Amongst his compositions of light music is a Romance and Barcarole for Concertina and Fortepiano written in 1856. His theoretical works include an analysis of Beethoven's Missa Solemnis (described as Beethoven's "Grand Service in D", and published in 1854).
Links (1)


Simon Bar Jona Madelka

borndied
1530-15501598 ca
a Czech composer. In addition to being a composer, he was also a respectable member of the butcher's guild in the city of Plzen. According to the preserved sources, Madelka published two music collections.
Links (1)


Desire Magnus

aka: Désiré Magnus , Magnus Deutz
borndied
18281884
a Belgian concert pianist, teacher and composer of salon music who published under the pseudonym D Magnus. He wrote mostly for the piano. After several successful concert tours in England, Germany, Russia, Spain and other countries, he settled in Paris, and quickly gained a reputation as pianist, teacher, composer, and musical critic.
Links (1)


John Mahon

borndied
1748 ca1834
John was born in Oxford about 1748 into a quite large Irish family. He became one of the most important clarinettists of the late 18th century in England and Ireland. Mahon made his debut in 1772 as a performer and moved to London for a while. He made frequent trips to Dublin but this did not stop him playing at the Three Choirs Festival from 1773 to 1811. H...
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Katerina Maier

bornactivedied
unknown1800 caunknown
a Russian composer, the daughter of violinist and composer Luigi Schiatti, and played in the court orchestra. She published a set of three piano sonatas dedicated to Count Platon Zubov in St. Petersburg and a piano concerto in London.
Links (1)


Gian Francesco de Majo

aka: Ciccio
borndied
17321770
an Italian composer, chiefly known for his more than 20 operas. He also composed a considerable amount of sacred works, including oratorios, cantatas, and masses. Son of Giuseppe de Majo.
Links (1)


Giuseppe de Majo

borndied
16971771
an Italian composer and organist. He was the father of the composer Gian Francesco de Majo. His compositional output consists of 10 operas, an oratorio, a concerto for 2 violins, and a considerable amount of sacred music.
Links (1)


Francesco Manfredini

borndied
16841762
an Italian Baroque composer, violinist, and church musician. Although he composed oratorios, only his secular works remain in the repertoire. After 1711, Manfredini spent an extended stay in Monaco, apparently in the service of Prince Antoine I.
Links (1)


Marin Marais

borndied
1656, May 311728, Aug 15
a French composer and viol player. He studied composition with Jean-Baptiste Lully, often conducting his operas, and with master of the bass viol Monsieur de Sainte-Colombe for six months. He was hired as a musician in 1676 to the royal court of Versailles. He did quite well as court musician, and in 1679 was appointed ordinaire de la chambre du roy pour la ...
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Links (1)


Louis Marchand

borndied
1669, Feb 21732, Feb 17
a French Baroque organist, harpsichordist, and composer. Born into an organist's family, Marchand was a child prodigy and quickly established himself as one of the best known French virtuosi of his time. He worked as organist of numerous churches and, for a few years, at the French court. Marchand had a violent temperament and an arrogant personality, and hi...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Performers

Luca Marenzio

borndied
1553/54, Oct 181599, Aug 22
an Italian composer and singer of the late Renaissance. He was one of the most renowned composers of madrigals, and wrote some of the most famous examples of the form in its late stage of development, prior to its early Baroque transformation by Monteverdi. In all, Marenzio wrote around 500 madrigals, ranging from the lightest to the most serious styles, pac...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

John Marsh

borndied
1752, May 311828, Oct 31
an English gentleman, composer, diarist and writer. A lawyer by training, he is known to have written at least 350 compositions, including at least 39 symphonies. While today known primarily for his music, he also had strong interest in other fields, including astronomy and philosophy, and wrote books about astronomy, music, religion, and geometry.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Charles-Amador Martin

borndied
1648, Mar 71711, June 19
the second Canadian to be ordained a priest, the first being Germain Morin. He was to become well known for his participation in church services as a musician. It has been noted that he raised the musical quality of the religious ceremonies at the Quebec Cathedral. There has been research into certain musical compositions that have been attributed to Father ...
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Links (1)


Francois Martin [1]

aka: François
bornactivedied
unknown1650s-1660sunknown
A French composer. Not much is known about his life. He served as ordinaire to Gaston, Duke of Orléans in 1658, and published a book of guitar works in 1663.a French . He is said to have died at the age of thirty while in the service of Louis de Gramont, 6th Duke of Gramont. His works include petits motets. He is to be distinguished from another later compo...
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Francois Martin [2]

aka: François
borndied
17271757
a French composer and cellist. He is said to have died at the age of thirty while in the service of Louis de Gramont, 6th Duke of Gramont. His works include petits motets. He is to be distinguished from another earlier composer of airs de cour also named François Martin.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Performers

Marianna von Martines

borndied
1744, May 41812, Dec 13
an Austrian singer, pianist and composer of the classical period. Soon after Marianna began her music lessons she demonstrated a talent for composition. A number of the works that Marianna composed are set for solo voice, and her biographers (Godt, Wessely) conjecture that the first singer of these works was their composer. Martines’s name and music were...
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Links (1)


Giovanni Battista Martini

aka: Padre Martini
borndied
1706, Apr 241784, Aug 3
an Italian Conventual Franciscan friar, who was a leading musician and composer of the period. In 1725, though only 19 years old, he received the appointment of chapel-master at the Basilica of San Francesco in Bologna, where his compositions attracted attention. At the invitation of amateurs and professional friends he opened a school of composition at whic...
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Links (1)


Jean Paul Egide Martini

aka: Jean-Paul-Égide, Martini Il Tedesco, Johann Paul Aegidius Schwarzendorf
borndied
1741, Aug 311816, Feb 10
a composer of classical music. Martini was born in Freystadt, Bavaria, and adopted the family name Martini after moving to France as a young man. There, he established a successful career as a court musician. Having directed concerts for the Queen, he adapted to the changing regimes throughout the French Revolution, and later wrote music for Napoleon's marri...
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Links (1)


Michele Mascitti

borndied
16641760, Apr 24
an Italian violinist and Baroque composer. Mascitti published all nine of his sonata collections in Paris. The four concertos from Op. 7 follow the concerto grosso style of Corelli. During his lifetime, Mascitti enjoyed quite a bit of fame for his work. His compositions were mainly in the Italian, and sometimes French, style. They contained an abundance of n...
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Links (1)


Albin Masek

aka: Mašek
borndied
18041878
Czech choirmaster and composer, son of Vincenc Masek


Kamilo Masek

aka: Mašek
borndied
18311859
a Slovenian of Czech descent and music composer. Very little is known about his life. Mašek was a son of Czech-born Kaspar Masek. Mašek had introduced more romantic influence into Slovenian music. His compositions include various sacred works.
Links (1)


Kaspar Masek

aka: Kašpar Mašek, Gašpar
borndied
1794, Jan 61873, May 13
a Czech-Slovenian composer. The son of Vincenc Masek, he was born and spent his early life in Prague and his later life in Slovenia, where he had a successful career as a composer for the theater. He composed operas, operettas, church music, and cantatas. Among ...
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Links (3)


Pavel Masek

aka: Mašek
borndied
17611826
Czech composer, brother of Vincenc


Vincenc Masek

aka: Mašek
borndied
1755, Apr 51831, Nov 15
a Czech composer. Masek studied with Josef Seger and Frantisek Xaver Dusek and lived for a time as a traveling concert pianist. He then became opera conductor and in 1794 he became organist in Prague. From 1802 onwards, he also conducted a musical treatment. Masek composed two Czech operas, symphonies, concertos, chamber music works, fairs, propers, cantatas...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Educators

Lowell Mason

borndied
1792, Jan 81872, Aug 11
a leading figure in American church music, the composer of over 1600 hymn tunes, many of which are often sung today. His most well-known tunes include his arrangement of "Joy to the World" and "Bethany", his setting of the hymn, "Nearer, My God, to Thee". He was largely responsible for introducing music into American public schools, and is considered to be t...
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Timeline (1)Links (13)


William Mason [4]

borndied
18291908
an American composer and pianist and a member of a musical family. His father was composer Lowell Mason, a leading figure in American church music, and his younger brother, Henry Mason, was a co-founder of the piano manufacturers Mason and Hamlin.
Links (1)


Jean-Baptiste Masse

borndied
1700 ca1756 ca
a French composer and violoncello player. He was an Ordinaire de la Chambre du Roi and a member of the King's Bande of Twenty-Four Violins and of the orchestra of the Comédie Française. Little is known of his life other than the publication dates of his first three volumes of sonatas and the appearance of his name on the payroll of the Comédie Française ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ArtistsWritersLegalPerformers

Stephen C. Massett

aka: Jeemes Pipes of Pipesville
bornactivedied
unknown1840s-1860sunknown
San Francisco's first entertainer, Stephen C. Massett, was the true Bohemian type. He was an artist, with an equal capacity for work and diversion, whose ruling principle was, "If your pocket is light make your heart light to match it; if your coat is torn, laugh while you you patch it." Massett was a "red-faced little Englishman" with a wealth of copper-col...
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Timeline (1)Links (3)


Wenzeslaus Matiegka

aka: Wenzel Thomas Matiegka, Václav Tomáš Matejka
borndied
17731830
a Bohemian composer. His ready acceptance in the musical circles of Vienna was evident by those to whom he dedicated several of his chamber works. Schubert, as a young man, added a cello part to his Notturno op. 21 for the important patron of music, Count Esterhazy, an enthusiastic cellist to whom Matiegka's original music was dedicated. Indeed the work was ...
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Cross-listed in WritersPerformers

Johann Mattheson

borndied
1681, Sep 281764, Apr 17
a German composer, singer, writer, lexicographer, diplomat and music theorist. Mattheson is mainly famous as a music theorist. He was the most abundant writer on performance practice, theatrical style, and harmony of the German Baroque. He is particularly important for his work on the relationship of the disciplines of rhetoric and music. The bulk of his com...
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Links (1)


Emilie Mayer

borndied
1812, May 141883, Apr 10
a German composer of Romantic music. Emilie Mayer began her serious compositional study relatively late in life, yet she was a very prolific composer, producing some 8 symphonies and at least 15 concert overtures, plus numerous chamber works and lieder. In 1847, after the premiere of her first two symphonies (C minor and E minor) by the Stettin Instrumental ...
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Links (1)


John Maynard

borndied
1577 ca1633 ca
an English composer at the time of James I of England, with an idiosyncratic sense of humour. His best known work is the musical setting of The Twelve Wonders of the World by Sir John Davies, possibly written for a banquet arranged by the poet Thomas Sackville, 1st Earl of Dorset on the eve of Epiphany served on trenchers, large wooden plates, in sets of twe...
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Links (1)


Simon Mayr

aka: Johann(es) Simon Mayr, Giovanni Simone Mayr, Simone Mayr, Majer, Mayer, Maier
borndied
1763, Jun 141845, Dec 2
a German composer. He was closely associated with the Illuminati of Adam Weishaupt while a student in Ingolstadt, and the ideals of the French Enlightenment were a strong influence on his philosophy as a musician as corroborated by his famed Zibaldone or "Notebooks" compiled toward the end of his career. Shortly thereafter, he took music lessons with Carlo L...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Alberich Mazak

aka: Alberik Mazák
borndied
16091661, May 9
a 17th-century Czech-Austrian composer. Mazak was born in Ratibor to a Czech family. After studying music and philosophy, he entered Heiligenkreuz Abbey in 1631 and was ordained a priest in 1633. Mazak created more than 300 compositions. He wrote masses, litanies, offertories, antiphons, psalms and sacred cantatas. The instruments he used most were the violi...
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Links (1)


Jacques Fereol Mazas

aka: Jacques Féréol
borndied
17821849
a French composer, conductor, violinist, and pedagogue. Mazas was a brilliant pupil of Pierre Baillot at the Paris Conservatoire, from which he received the first prize in 1805. In 1808, he played a violin concerto dedicated to him by Auber. He then performed widely across Europe. In 1831, he accepted the post of first violin at the Théâtre du Palais-Royal...
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Links (1)


Antonio Maria Mazzoni

borndied
1717, Jan 41785, Dec 8
an Italian composer. Born in Milan, the son of a clockmaker, Mazzoni first gained an interest in music at the age of six, and at age fifteen, was sent to study under Swiss German musician and composer, Johann von Griesemer, under who he studied under for three years until 1735. In 1735, he moved to Paris, where I spent the next five years working in multiple...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Solakzade Mehmed Hemdemi

borndied
15921658
a 17th-century Ottoman historian and music composer. He wrote a famous Ottoman history named Tarih-i Solakzade (History of Solakzade). He seems to have been the son of a Solak, a janissary bowman of the sultan's personal guard, and was born in Constantinople.
Links (1)


Etienne Mehul

aka: Étienne Méhul
borndied
1763, Jun 221817, Oct 18
a French composer, "the most important opera composer in France during the Revolution." He was also the first composer to be called a "Romantic". Méhul's most important contribution to music was his operas. He led the generation of composers who emerged in France in the 1790s, which included his friend and rival Luigi Cherubini and his outright enemy Jean-F...
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Links (1)


Fanny Mendelssohn

aka: Bartholdy, Hensel
borndied
18051847
a German pianist and composer. She was the sister of the composer Felix Mendelssohn. She composed over 460 pieces of music. Her compositions include a piano trio and several books of solo piano pieces and songs. A number of her songs were originally published under Felix's name in his opus 8 and 9 collections.
Links (1)


Felix Mendelssohn

aka: Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy
bornactivedied
1809, Feb 31818-18471847, Nov 4
a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early Romantic period. He was recognised early as a musical prodigy, but his parents were cautious and did not seek to capitalise on his talent. Mendelssohn enjoyed early success in Germany, where he also revived interest in the music of Johann Sebastian Bach, and in his travels throughout Europe. He ...
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Timeline (11)Links (20)


Giovanni Meneghetti

borndied
1730 ca1794


Jean-Baptiste Mengal

borndied
17921878
a Belgian composer, younger brother of Martin-Joseph Mengal. Only a few of his compositions have survived.


Martin-Joseph Mengal

borndied
1784, Jan 271851, Jul 4
a Belgian composer and instructor. Mengal came from a musical family and received horn and violin lessons as a child, and by the age of 13 played first horn at the Ghent opera. Mengal was the founding director of the Royal Conservatory of Ghent in 1835 and served as director there until his death. His operas include Les infidèles (1823, Paris), Le Vampire o...
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Links (1)


John Merbecke

borndied
1510 ca1585 ca
an English theological writer and musician who produced a standard setting of the Anglican liturgy. He is also known today for his setting of the Mass, Missa Per arma justitiae. In 1543 he was convicted with four others of heresy and sentenced to be burnt at the stake, but received a pardon owing to the intervention of Stephen Gardiner, Bishop of Winchester.
Links (1)


Saverio Mercadante

borndied
1795, Sep1870, Dec 17
an Italian composer, particularly of operas. While Mercadante may not have retained the international celebrity of Gaetano Donizetti or Gioachino Rossini beyond his own lifetime, he composed as impressive a number of works as either; and his development of operatic structures, melodic styles and orchestration contributed significantly to the foundations upon...
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Nicolas-Jean Lefroid de Mereaux

aka: Méreaux
borndied
17451797
a French composer, born in Paris, who became the organist of the Church of Saint-Jacques-du-Haut-Pas. He wrote several motets for the church and had his oratorio Esther performed at the Concert Spirituel in 1775. His first published work was the cantata Aline, reine de Golconde in 1767. He went on to compose several operas.
Links (1)


Claudio Merulo

borndied
1533, Apr 81604, May 4
an Italian composer, publisher and organist of the late Renaissance period, most famous for his innovative keyboard music and his ensemble music composed in the Venetian polychoral style. He was born in Correggio and died in Parma. He was born Claudio Merlotti and he Latinised his surname (meaning little blackbird) when he became famous in Venetian cultural ...
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Guilielmus Messaus

borndied
15891640
a Flemish composer who was born and died in Antwerp, and composed at least 14 masses, 57 motets, Dutch hymns, a canon and 3 secular songs in English. He is now remembered mostly as a very productive musical arranger of cantiones natalitiae (Christmas songs), which were very popular in the Low Countries. From before 1620 he was choir-master at St Walburgis, a...
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Links (1)


Philippe-Jacques Meyer

borndied
17371819


Giacomo Meyerbeer

borndied
1791, Sep 51864, May 2
a German opera composer of Jewish birth who has been described as perhaps the most successful stage composer of the nineteenth century. With his 1831 opera Robert le diable and its successors, he gave the genre of grand opera 'decisive character'. Meyerbeer's grand opera style was achieved by his merging of German orchestra style with Italian vocal tradition...
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Timeline (6)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Legal

Frantisek Adam Mica

aka: František Adam Míca
borndied
1746, Jan 111811, Mar 19
a Bohemian composer, jurist, and nephew of the kapellmeister František Václav Míca. He was a prolific composer who produced numerous operas, symphonies, violin concertos, and eight string quartets. Upon completion of his studies in 1767, he took up a government post and joined the imperial orchestra. During a trip to L'viv in the Ukraine in his capacity a...
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Links (1)


Frantisek Antonin Vaclav Mica

aka: František Antonín Václav Míca
borndied
1694, Sep 51744, Feb 15
a Czech conductor and composer. Very little in known about the details of his life. He conducted many opera performances for royal families. The most paramount example of his work is probably the opera O puvodu Jaromeric (About the Origins of Jaromenice), written in both Italian and Czech. He died at Jarmeritz.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Adam Vaclav Michna z Otradovic

aka: Adam Václav
bornactivedied
1600, Jun 301633-16731676, Oct 16
a Czech Catholic aristocrat, poet, composer, hymn writer, organist and choir leader of the early Baroque era. He is also known in simplified form as Adam Michna and during his life as Adamus Wenceslaus Michna de Ottradowicz. He was the most important Czech composer and poet of the early Baroque who initiated the development of Czech art in that era and becam...
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Links (1)


Richard Mico

aka: Micoe, Micho, Meco, Myco
borndied
15901661
an English composer. Mico was appointed resident musician at Thorndon Hall, Essex, in 1608. There, he worked for Sir William Petre (William Byrd's former patron) as a music teacher for the family's children, as well as composing for the household. Surviving documents record the handing over of the household instruments to Mico in 1608, including five viols (...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Luis de Milan

aka: Milán, Lluís del Milà, Luys Milán
borndied
1500 ca1561 ca
a Spanish Renaissance composer, vihuelist (a forerunner to the baroque guitar), and writer on music. He was the first composer in history to publish music for the vihuela de mano, an instrument employed primarily in the Iberian peninsula and some of the Italian states during the 15th and 16th centuries, and he was also one of the first musicians to specify v...
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Links (1)


Francesco Canova da Milano

aka: Il divino, Francesco da Parigi
borndied
1497, Aug 181543, Jan 2
an Italian lutenist and composer. He was born in Monza, near Milan, and worked for the papal court for almost all of his career. Francesco was heralded throughout Europe as the foremost lute composer of his time. More of his music is preserved than of any other lutenist of the period, and his work continued to influence composers for more than a century afte...
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Links (1)


John Christopher Moller

borndied
17551803
one of the first American composers, as well as one of the first music publishers in the United States, as well as an organist, concert manager, pianist, harpsichordist, and violinist.
Links (1)


Johann Melchior Molter

borndied
1696, Feb 101765, Jan 12
a German baroque composer and violinist. He was born at Tiefenort, near Eisenach, and was educated at the Gymnasium in Eisenach. By autumn 1717 he had left Eisenach and was working as a violinist in Karlsruhe. Molter's surviving works include an oratorio; several cantatas; over 140 symphonies, overtures, and other works for orchestra; many concertos, includi...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Jerome-Joseph de Momigny

aka: Jérôme-Joseph
borndied
1762, Jan 201842, Aug 25
a Belgian/French composer and music-theorist. He was born in Philippeville, Belgium, and composed music and wrote books, which he printed himself. He was very good at writing poetry and other types of books. His theories about rhythm and musical phrasing were ahead of his time. From 1803 to 1806 he published his most notorious work Cours complet d'harmoni...
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Links (1)


Jean-Joseph de Mondonville

aka: Jean-Joseph Cassanéa de Mondonville
borndied
1711, Dec1772, Oct 8
a French violinist and composer, a younger contemporary of Jean-Philippe Rameau and enjoyed great success in his day. His first opus was a volume of violin sonatas, published in 1733. He became a violinist of the Chapelle royale and chamber and performed in some 100 concerts. Between 1734 and 1755 Mondonville composed 17 grands motets, of which only nine hav...
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Links (1)


Georg Matthias Monn

borndied
1717, Apr 91750, Oct 3
an Austrian composer, organist and music teacher whose works were fashioned in the transition from the Baroque to Classical period in music. Monn could be said to represent a school of Austrian composers who had thoroughly studied the principles of counterpoint, but also effected a change from the formalistic, imposing and ornate Baroque style to the simpler...
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Links (1)


Pierre-Alexandre Monsigny

borndied
1729, Oct 111817, Jan 14
a French composer and a member of the French Académie des Beaux-Arts (1813). He is considered alongside André Grétry and François-André Danican Philidor to have been the founder of a new musical genre, the opéra comique. Secretly, with a text by Laribardière, he wrote Les aveux indiscrets, his first comical opera, which premiered at the theater of the...
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Links (1)


Jan Simonides Montanus

borndied
1535 ca1587
a Czech composer of the Renaissance era. He was an Utraquist and belonged to favourite authors of the times. His works represent late 16th century Utraquist polyphony. He was a schoolmaster at the St. Barbara’s Church. Today are known 22 of his opuses, but only one them - the composition "Aurea Luce" has been preserved whole in the ?eský Krumlov’s song ...
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Links (1)


Philippe de Monte

aka: Philippus
borndied
15211603, Jul 4
a Flemish composer of the late Renaissance. He was a member of the 3rd generation madrigalists and wrote more madrigals than any other composer of the time. Monte was a hugely prolific composer, and wrote both sacred and secular music, primarily printed in the German language. He wrote about 40 masses and about 260 other sacred pieces, including motets and m...
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Links (1)


Michel Pignolet de Monteclair

aka: Montéclair
borndied
1667, Dec 41737, Sep 22
a French composer of the baroque period. He was born Michel Pignolet in Andelot, Haute-Marne, France, and only later added "Montéclair" (the name of a fortress in his home town) to his name. Little is known of his life, and there are no known portraits. He was the son of a weaver; his entrance into the choir school at the age of nine may have been the only...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Performers

Claudio Monteverdi

borndied
1567, May1643, Nov 29
an Italian composer, gambist, singer and Roman Catholic priest. Monteverdi's work, often regarded as revolutionary, marked the change from the Renaissance style of music to that of the Baroque period. He developed two styles of composition – the heritage of Renaissance polyphony and the new basso continuo technique of the Baroque. Monteverdi wrote one of t...
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Timeline (2)Links (25)


Helene de Montgeroult

aka: Hélène
borndied
17641836
a French pianist and composer. She was born into an aristocratic family and studied piano with Nicolas Joseph Hüllmandel and Jan Ladislav Dussek. She married the Marquis de Montgeroult who died as an Austrian prisoner in 1793. After her husband's death, de Montgeroult took a position at the new Paris Conservatoire in 1795, where she taught for two years. Af...
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Links (1)


Cristobal de Morales

aka: Cristóbal
borndied
1500 ca1553 Sep/Oct
a Spanish composer of the Renaissance. He is generally considered to be the most influential Spanish composer before Victoria. Almost all of his music is sacred, and all of it is vocal, though instruments may have been used in an accompanying role in performance. He wrote many masses, some of spectacular difficulty, most likely written for the expert papal c...
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Links (1)


Niccolo Moretti

aka: Niccolò
borndied
17631821
an Italian composer and organist. Born into a wealthy family in Breda, he began to study under the guidance of his father, also an organist; he began his training on the organ of the Church of Breda di Piave built back in 1706 by the Veronese De Bonis and rebuilt in the second half of the century by Gaetano Callido . He continued his studies with Medoro Cogh...
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Justin Morgan

borndied
1747, Feb 281798, Mar 22
a U.S. horse breeder and composer. Morgan was a composer, best known for his hymns and fuguing tunes. While not so famous as those by William Billings, his works share the same characteristic roughness, directness, and folk-like simplicity. Morgan's setting of Psalm 63, entitled, Montgomery, was a popular fuguing tune, included among the 100 hymn-tune...
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Links (1)


Francesco Morlacchi

borndied
1784, Jun 141841, Oct 28
an Italian composer of more than twenty operas. During the many years he spent as the royal Royal Kapellmeister in Dresden, he was instrumental in popularizing the Italian style of opera. Morlacchi's first operatic works were written in 1807, and were a farce and a comic opera. His first truly effective theatre work was the opera seria Corradino (Parma, 1808...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Performers

Thomas Morley

borndied
1557/581602, Oct
an English composer, theorist, singer and organist of the Renaissance. He was one of the foremost members of the English Madrigal School. He was also involved in music publishing, and from 1598 up to his death he held a printing patent (a type of monopoly). While Morley attempted to imitate the spirit of Byrd in some of his early sacred works, it was in the ...
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Links (1)


Ignaz Moscheles

borndied
1794, May 231870, Mar 10
a Bohemian composer and piano virtuoso, whose career after his early years was based initially in London, and later at Leipzig, where he succeeded his friend and sometime pupil Felix Mendelssohn as head of the Conservatoire. Among his 142 opus numbers, Moscheles wrote a number of symphonic works. Apart from an overture, a ballet and a symphony, all are score...
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Etienne Moulinie

aka: Étienne Moulinié
borndied
1599, Oct 101676
a French Baroque composer. He was born in Languedoc, and when he was a child he sang at the Narbonne Cathedral. Through the influence of his brother Antoine (died 1655), Moulinié gained an appointment at court, as the director of music for Gaston d'Orléans, the younger brother of the king. For this post he wrote sacred and secular music, for voice or voice...
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Jean-Joseph Mouret

borndied
1682, Apr 111738, Dec 22
a French composer whose dramatic works made him one of the leading exponents of Baroque music in his country. Mouret's father was a prosperous silk merchant of Avignon, an amateur violinist who recognized his son's precocious musical abilities and provided him with a fine education. The elder Mouret generously supported his son's decision to pursue a musical...
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Franz Xaver Mozart

aka: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Jr.
borndied
1791, Jul 261844, Jul 29
Son of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and his wife Constanze. A composer, pianist, conductor, and teacher from the late classical period whose musical style was of an early Romanticism, heavily influenced by his father's mature style. He had a relatively small output (his opus numbers only go up to 30) and after 1820 he seems to have given up composing almost enti...
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Leopold Mozart

borndied
1719, Nov 141787, May 28
a German composer, conductor, teacher, and violinist. Mozart is best known today as the father and teacher of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and for his violin textbook Versuch einer gründlichen Violinschule. Leopold Mozart's music is inevitably overshadowed by the work of his son Wolfgang, and in any case the father willingly sacrificed his own career to promote...
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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

bornactivedied
1756, Jan 271761-17911791, Dec 5
a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era, born in Salzburg. Mozart showed prodigious ability from his earliest childhood. He was competent on keyboard and violin by age five, and he composed from the age of five and performed before European royalty. He composed more than 600 works, many acknowledged as pinnacles of symphonic, concertante, ch...
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Alonso Mudarra

borndied
15101580
a Spanish composer and vihuelist of the Renaissance. He was an innovative composer of instrumental music as well as songs, and was the composer of the earliest surviving music for the guitar. He published three books that contain the first music ever published for the four-course guitar, which was then a relatively new instrument.
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Richard Mudge

bornactivedied
17181741-17571763, Apr
an English clergyman and composer of the late baroque period. Mudge became curate of the villages of Great and Little Packington in 1741. Between 1745 and 1757 he was Rector at Little Packington, and from 1750 he was also Curate of St. Bartholomew's Chapel in Birmingham. In 1749 he published a set of six, string concertos (6 Concertos in Seven Parts). The la...
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Georg Muffat

borndied
1653, Jun 11704, Feb 23
a Baroque composer. He is most well known for the remarkably articulate and informative performance directions printed along with his collections of string pieces Florilegium Primum and Florilegium Secundum (First and Second Bouquets) in 1695 and 1698. His works are strongly influenced by both French and Italian composers. His son Gottlieb was also a success...
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Gottlieb Muffat

borndied
1690, Apr1770, Dec 9
son of Georg Muffat, served as Hofscholar under Johann Fux in Vienna from 1711 and was appointed to the position of third court organist at the Hofkapelle in 1717. He acquired additional duties over time including the instruction of members of the Imperial family, among them the future Empress Maria Theresa. He was promoted to second organist in 1729 and fir...
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August Eberhard Muller

aka: Müller
borndied
1767, Dec 131817, Dec 3
a German composer, organist and choir leader. In 1801 he conducted the first performance outside Vienna of Haydn's The Seasons. He composed for the piano, writing two concertos, fourteen sonatas and various capriccios and other pieces. He also wrote seven flute concertos and other works for flute and orchestra, along with études for flute and piano.
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Wenzel Muller

aka: Müller
bornactivedied
1767, Sep 261786-18301835, Aug 3
an Austrian composer and conductor. He was a popular and prolific composer producing more than 250 works. Although he wrote several popular stage works (mostly Singspiele), his art songs are his enduring legacy. Often possessing witty music and lyrics or expressing a great deal of tenderness, Müller's songs were immensely popular. He died in Baden bei Wien.
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John Mundy

borndied
15551630, Jun 29
an English composer, virginalist and organist of the Renaissance period. Mundy was one of the earliest English madrigalists. He composed sacred music in English and Latin, including music for the Book of Common Prayer, and is represented in the Fitzwilliam Virginal Book by five pieces, including a magnificent set of variations on the popular song Goe from my...
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William Mundy

borndied
1529 ca1591
a Renaissance English composer of sacred music and father of composer John Mundy. Over four hundred years after his death, William Mundy's music is still performed and recorded. Coming of age during the reign of Henry VIII, Mundy's career spanned much of England's Tudor Dynasty, and reflected the changes in church music that accompanied the religious turmoil...
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Johann Gottfried Muthel

aka: Müthel
borndied
1728, Jan 171788, Jul 14
a German composer and noted keyboard virtuoso. Along with C.P.E. Bach, he represented the Sturm und Drang style of composition. As far as is known, he was the first to use the term fortepiano in a published work, in the title of his Duetto für 2 Clavier, 2 Flügel, oder 2 Fortepiano (1771), which reflects the rising popularity of the instrument at that time...
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Josef Myslivecek

borndied
1737, Mar 91781, Feb 4
a Czech composer who contributed to the formation of late eighteenth-century classicism in music. Myslivecek provided his younger friend Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart with significant compositional models in the genres of symphony, Italian serious opera, and violin concerto; both Wolfgang and his father Leopold Mozart considered him an intimate friend from the tim...
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