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In a world without recorded music, talent with an instrument was a valuable gift. But even more admired were the people who actually composed the music others would play; those so endowed could aspire to attain unending renown...and if not, at least a lucrative career.
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Antonio Sacchini

borndied
17301786
an Italian composer, most famous for his operas. Sacchini was born in Florence, but raised in Naples, where he received his musical education. He made a name for himself as a composer of serious and comic opera in Italy before moving to London, where he produced works for the King's Theatre. He spent his final years in Paris.
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Jacques de Saint-Luc

borndied
16161710 ca
a Flemish lutenist and composer. More than 200 pieces by Saint-Luc survive, and show that he was one of the most prominent lutenists of his time. Although he was influenced by French composers and adopted their scheme of grouping pieces into suites, he only used the characteristic French style brisé in his preludes.
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Monsieur de Sainte-Colombe

borndied
1640 ca1700
a French composer and violist. Sainte-Colombe was a celebrated master of the viola da gamba; it is said that he added the seventh string (AA) on the bass viol. Amongst the extant works of Sainte-Colombe are sixty-seven Concerts à deux violes esgales, and over 170 pieces for solo seven-string viol, making him perhaps the most prolific French viol composer be...
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Antonio Salieri

borndied
17501825
an Italian classical composer, conductor and teacher born in Legnago, south of Verona, in the Republic of Venice, but who spent his adult life and career as a subject of the Habsburg Monarchy. Salieri was a pivotal figure in the development of late 18th-century opera. As a student of Florian Leopold Gassmann, and a protégé of Gluck, Salieri was a cosmopoli...
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Johann Peter Salomon

borndied
17451815
a German violinist, composer, conductor and musical impresario. While in England, Salomon composed two operas for the Royal Opera, several art songs, a number of concertos, and chamber music pieces. He is perhaps best known today, however, as a concert organiser and conductor.
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Samuel Maju Samehtini

borndied
18161879
a Dutch musician and composer. The earliest surviving composition of Samehtini is a vocal piece with instrumental accompaniment entitled 'Dankbare proeve' from 1833. In 1839, he moved to Leeuwarden in the province of Friesland as a music teacher. In the Frisian capital he soon became famous both as a violinist and as a conductor and composer.
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Giovanni Battista Sammartini

borndied
1700/011775
an Italian composer, oboist, organist, choirmaster and teacher. Sammartini is especially associated with the formation of the concert symphony through both the shift from a brief opera-overture style and the introduction of a new seriousness and use of thematic development that prefigure Haydn and Mozart.
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Cross-listed in Writers

Gaspar Sanz

aka: Francisco Bartolomé Sanz Celma
bornactivedied
16401660s-16971710
an Aragonese composer, guitarist, organist and priest born to a wealthy family in Calanda in the comarca of Bajo Aragón, Spain. He studied music, theology and philosophy at the University of Salamanca, where he was later appointed Professor of Music. He wrote three volumes of pedagogical works for the baroque guitar that form an important part of today's cl...
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Giuseppe Sarti

borndied
17291802
an Italian opera composer. In 1752 he produced his first documented opera, Il re pastore (because the date of Pompeo in Armenia is not certain). In 1753 Sarti went to Copenhagen with Pietro Mingotti and in 1755 King Frederick V of Denmark appointed him Hofkapellmeister and director of the opera.
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Charles Eugene Sauzay

aka: Charles Eugène
borndied
18091901
a French violinist and composer. His works include violin studies; a string trio; and incidental music for the plays George Dandin and Le Sicilien by Molière, in the style of Lully, suitable for the period of the plays. Apart from his musical compositions, he wrote a study of the string quartets of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven, which was published in 1861
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Jane Savage

borndied
1752/531824
an English harpsichordist and composer. She was the daughter of English musician and composer William Savage (c. 1720–1789) and his wife Mary Bolt Savage. It is likely that Jane accompanied her father from his estate near Tenterden in Kent to London in 1780 or 1781 and lived in Red Lion Square, Holborn. Most of her music was published in this period. Unpub...
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Alessandro Scarlatti

borndied
16601725
an Italian Baroque composer, especially famous for his operas and chamber cantatas. He is considered the founder of the Neapolitan school of opera. A key figure in the development of opera seria, Scarlatti claimed to have composed over 100 operas, of which La Griselda is a notable example.
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Domenico Scarlatti

borndied
16851757
an Italian composer who spent much of his life in the service of the Portuguese and Spanish royal families. He is classified primarily as a Baroque composer chronologically, although his music was influential in the development of the Classical style and he was one of the few Baroque composers to transition into the classical period.
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Giuseppe Scarlatti

borndied
1718/231777
a composer of opere serie and opere buffe. He worked in Rome from 1739 to 1741, and from 1752 to 1754 in Florence, Pisa, Lucca and Turin. From 1752 to 1754, and again from 1756 to 1759, he worked in Venice and for short periods in Milan and Barcelona. In 1760 he moved to Vienna, where he enjoyed the friendship of Christoph Willibald Gluck. "The third most im...
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Benedikt Schack

aka: Benedikt Žák
borndied
1758, Feb 71826
a composer and tenor of the Classical era, a close friend of Mozart and the first performer (1791) of the role of Tamino in Mozart's opera The Magic Flute. In 1786, Schack joined the traveling theatrical troupe of Emanuel Schikaneder, working both as a tenor and as a composer of Singspiele. The troupe settled in Vienna in 1789, performing in th...
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Christoph Schaffrath

borndied
17091763
a musician and composer of the late Baroque to Classical transition era. As a composer Schaffrath limited himself to instrumental music including symphonies, keyboard pieces, sonatas and concertos. The harpsichord sonatas were almost all fast-slow-fast settings and the opening movements were most often scored in ABA form. Many of the keyboard compositions we...
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Johann Adolph Scheibe

borndied
17081776
a German-Danish composer and significant critic and theorist of music. Scheibe rapidly became the most significant musical figure in Copenhagen. He led the royal orchestra, composed vocal and instrumental music, and was a driving force in the foundation of the first musical society, "Det Musikalske Societet", which held public concerts between 1744 and 1749....
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Samuel Scheidt

borndied
15871653
a German composer, organist and teacher of the early Baroque era. Scheidt's music is in two principal categories: instrumental music, including a large amount of keyboard music, mostly for organ; and sacred vocal music, some of which is a cappella and some of which uses a basso continuo or other instrumental accompaniment. In his numerous chorale preludes, S...
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Johannes Schenck

aka: Schenk
borndied
1660, Jun 31712 ca
a Dutch musician and composer. His compositions included music for a Dutch Singspiel, Bacchus, Ceres en Venus, which can claim to be the first opera in Dutch, and from which songs were published in 1687, as well as works for the viola da gamba. Around 1696 he accepted an appointment to the court of Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine in Düsseldorf. After Johan...
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Johann Baptist Schenk

borndied
17531836
an Austrian composer and teacher. While still a boy he composed songs, dances and symphonies, and became a proficient violinist and keyboard and wind instrument player. In 1773 he went to Vienna to study with Georg Christoph Wagenseil. Beginning in 1777 he was composing religious works for Saint Stephen's Cathedral. In the 1780s he became a prolific composer...
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Gaetano Maria Schiassi

borndied
16981754


Johann Heinrich Schmelzer

borndied
16231680
an Austrian composer and violinist of the Baroque era. Almost nothing is known about his early years, but he seems to have arrived in Vienna during the 1630s, and remained composer and musician at the Habsburg court for the rest of his life. He enjoyed a close relationship with Emperor Leopold I, was ennobled by him, and rose to the rank of Kapellmeister in ...
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Johann Jacob Schnell

borndied
16871754
Baroque composer, Bavaria


Johann Schobert

borndied
1735 ca1767
a composer and harpsichordist. His date of birth is given variously as about 1720, about 1735, or about 1740, his place of birth as Silesia, Alsace, or Nuremberg. In 1760 or 1761, Schobert moved to Paris where he served in the household of Louis François I de Bourbon, prince de Conti. He composed many books of sonatas for his instrument, most of them with a...
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Philippus Schoendorff

borndied
15581617


Carl Siegemund Schonebeck

aka: Schönebeck
borndied
17581806+
a German composer and cellist. Schönebeck composed light operas, quartets, duets for two cellos and for cello and viola, as well as concertos for cello, flute, horn and clarinet. Most of his works are lost.
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Johann Schop

borndied
1590 ca1667
a German violinist and composer, much admired as a musician and a technician, who was a virtuoso and whose compositions for the violin set impressive technical demands for that area at that time. In 1756 Leopold Mozart commented on the difficulty of a trill in a work by Schop, probably composed before 1646. He worked in Hamburg. He published books of violin ...
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Johann Samuel Schroeter

aka: Schröter
borndied
17531788


Corona Schroter

aka: Schröter
borndied
17511802
a German musician best known as a singer. She also composed songs, setting texts by Friedrich Schiller and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe to music. She became friends with Friedrich Schiller during those years, whose poems she later set to music. Unfortunately, these lieder are lost, as are her two dramas, hundreds of arias and duets, and an autobiography given ...
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Franz Schubert

borndied
17971828
an Austrian composer. Schubert died before his 32nd birthday, but was extremely prolific during his lifetime. His output consists of over six hundred secular vocal works (mainly Lieder), seven complete symphonies, sacred music, operas, incidental music and a large body of chamber and piano music. Appreciation of his music while he was alive was limited to a ...
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Johann Abraham Peter Schulz

borndied
17471800
a German musician. He is best known as the composer of the melody for Matthias Claudius's poem "Der Mond ist aufgegangen" and the Christmas carol "Ihr Kinderlein kommet". Schulz wrote operas, stage music, oratorios, and cantatas, as well as piano pieces and folk songs.
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Clara Schumann

borndied
18191896
a German musician and composer, considered one of the most distinguished pianists of the Romantic era. She exerted her influence over a 61-year concert career, changing the format and repertoire of the piano recital and the tastes of the listening public. Her husband was the composer Robert Schumann. Together they encouraged Johannes Brahms. She was the firs...
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Robert Schumann

bornactivedied
18101830-18541856
a German composer and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. Schumann's published compositions were written exclusively for the piano until 1840; he later composed works for piano and orchestra; many Lieder (song...
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Georg Caspar Schurmann

aka: Schürmann
borndied
1673 ca1751
a German Baroque composer. From 1702 to 1707 he was principal conductor and composer for the Meiningen Court Orchestra. Schürmann wrote over thirty operas, many of which have not survived. His music was characterized by harmonic richness, careful contrapuntal elaboration, flexible handling of form and theatrically effective delineation of characters.
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Joseph Schuster

borndied
17481812
a German composer. In 1776 he completed his first opera seria Didone abbandonata, after a libretto by Metastasio. In the following years, Schuster's position was solidified with operatic successes in Naples and Venice. He was also recognized in Germany as an accomplished composer and his singspiel, Der Alchymist, oder Der Liebesteufel is considered one of th...
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Heinrich Schutz

aka: Schütz
borndied
15851672
a German composer and organist, generally regarded as the most important German composer before Johann Sebastian Bach and often considered to be one of the most important composers of the 17th century. He wrote what is traditionally considered to be the first German opera, Dafne, performed at Torgau in 1627, the music of which has since been lost.
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Anton Schweitzer

borndied
17351787
a German composer of operas, who was affiliated with Abel Seyler's theatrical company. He was a child prodigy who obtained the patronage of the duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen, who sent him to study with Jakob Friedrich Kleinknecht at the court of Bayreuth in 1758, and then sent him to Italy (1764–66), and made him Kapellmeister. With the dismissal of the cour...
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Friedrich Schwindl

borndied
17371786


Simon Sechter

borndied
1788, Oct 111867, Sep 10
an Austrian music theorist, teacher, organist, conductor and composer. He may have been the most prolific composer who ever lived, outdoing even Georg Philipp Telemann in the quantity of his output. He is mostly remembered for writing about 5,000 fugues (he tried to write at least one fugue every day), but he also wrote masses and oratorios. In addition he w...
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Cross-listed in Educators

Josef Seger

aka: Seeger, Seegr
borndied
1716, Mar 211782, Apr 22
a Bohemian organist, composer, and educator. After graduating in philosophy from the Charles University in Prague and studying music under Bohuslav Matej Cernohorský, Jan Zach, and others, Seger became organist of two churches in Prague and remained there until his death. An extremely prolific composer, Seger became one of the most important representatives...
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William Christian Selle

aka: Sellé
borndied
18131898
a Victorian doctor of music, composer and for forty years Musician in Ordinary to her Majesty Queen Victoria. Sellé was awarded a Lambeth Music Doctorate by Archbishop Sumner in 1857. The 1850s to the 1860s were his most prolific as a composer. They are relatively short pieces for the piano and organ. The piano compositions are light and easily accessible i...
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Claudin de Sermisy

borndied
1490 ca1562
a French composer of the Renaissance. Along with Clément Janequin he was one of the most renowned composers of French chansons in the early 16th century; in addition he was a significant composer of sacred music. His music was both influential on, and influenced by, contemporary Italian styles.
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Juan Sese y Balaguer

aka: Sesé y Balaguer
borndied
17361801
an Aragonese composer and organist born in Calanda in the Spanish comarca of Bajo Aragón. He was organist of the Chapel Royal from 1769 until 1801 , the year of his death. As a composer he wrote especially for his instrument, also they have news writing string quartets and sonatas for violin and viola, but many of his works are lost. He died in Madrid.
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Charlotta Seuerling

borndied
17821828
a blind Swedish concert singer, harpsichordist, composer and poet, known as "The Blind Song-Maiden". She was active in Sweden, Finland and Russia. Her last name is also spelled as Seijerling and Seyerling. Her first name was Charlotta Antoinetta (or Antonia), but in the French fashion of the time, she was often called Charlotte Antoinette. She was the author...
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Ignaz von Seyfried

borndied
17761841
an Austrian musician, conductor and composer. He was born and died in Vienna. According to a statement in his handwritten memoirs he was a pupil of both Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Johann Albrechtsberger. He published Albrechtsberger's complete written works after his death. Of his musical works, the Grove Dictionary says: "his versatility won him a unique p...
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Cross-listed in Performers

John Sheppard

borndied
1515 ca1559
an English singer and composer. Sheppard wrote a large body of polyphony for the Sarum Office. Sheppard also composed alternatim hymns, with the even-numbered verses sung to polyphony with chant cantus firmus and the odd-numbered verses left to be chanted. Sheppard's music for the new Protestant rite, which has suffered seriously from the loss of manuscript ...
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John Shield

aka: Jack
borndied
17681848, Aug 6
an English songwriter. One of his best known and liked songs at the time was "Bob Cranky's Adieu". Shield was a contemporary of the earliest Geordie dialect songwriters Thomas Thompson and John Selkirk. His first poetic/musical offering appeared in 1802 in the Newcastle Chronicle and he later went on to write well-known Tyneside songs about William Scott (al...
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William Shield

borndied
17481829
an English composer, violinist and violist who was born in Swalwell near Gateshead, the son of William Shield and his wife, Mary, née Cash. Shield's compositions include a large number of operas and other stage works. Shield also worked as a composer for Covent Garden and, in that capacity, he met Joseph Haydn. In 1817, he was appointed Master of the King's...
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Julius Siede

borndied
18251903


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Christopher Simpson

borndied
1604 ca1669
an English musician and composer, particularly associated with music for the viola da gamba. Simpson wrote a short guide to musical composition in 1665: The Principles of Practical Musick (dedicated to Sir John St. Barbe, another of his pupils) and expanded this into his 1667 publication A Compendium of Practical Musick. Very few of Simpson's musical composi...
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Yekaterina Sinyavina

borndied
unknown1784
a Russian composer and pianist. A cembalo concerto by Giovanni Paisiello was probably first performed at the court of Catherine II in 1781 with Sinyavina as soloist. She served as a lady-in-waiting and composer at the court, married Count Simon Romanovich Vorontsov and died in St. Petersburg.
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Nicolas Siret

borndied
16631754
a French baroque composer, organist and harpsichordist. He was born and died in Troyes, France, where he worked as organist in the Church of Saint Jean and the Cathedral of Saint Peter and Saint Paul. Siret was a friend and admirer of François Couperin, and his first collection of harpsichord pieces, published approximately in 1709, was dedicated to Couperi...
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Maddalena Laura Sirmen

borndied
17451818
an Italian composer, violinist, and later unsuccessful singer. In 1771, she debuted her "Concerto on the Violin" in London, met by rave reviews and lavish support. Her compositions displayed the violin in all its virtuosic brilliance in the dynamic yet restrained early Classical tradition. Although her career withered and faded in its final years, she is rem...
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Gregory Skovoroda

borndied
1722, Dec 31794, Nov 9
a Ukrainian and Russian philosopher, poet, teacher and composer. Skovoroda was of a Cossack background in current day Ukraine, who lived in the Russian Empire and made important contributions to Russian philosophy and culture. He lived and worked in Sloboda Ukraine, which is today partly in modern Ukraine and partly in Russia. Skovoroda was so important for ...
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Frantisek Skroup

aka: František Škroup
borndied
18011862
a Czech composer and conductor. He became a fairly successful opera and singspiel composer producing more than a dozen stage works. His last position was as the musical director of the German opera in Dutch Rotterdam. He died there and, as a person without means, was buried in a mass grave. He also produced an oratorio, a mass, and a few other sacred works.
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Henry Smart

borndied
18131879
an English organist and composer. In 1831 he became organist of Blackburn parish church, where he wrote his first important work, a Reformation anthem. Smart was highly rated as a composer by his English contemporaries, but is now remembered only by a few organists and choral singers. His many compositions for the organ were described as "effective and melod...
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Bedrich Smetana

borndied
18241884
a Czech composer who pioneered the development of a musical style which became closely identified with his country's aspirations to independent statehood. He is thus widely regarded in his homeland as the father of Czech music. Internationally he is best known for his opera The Bartered Bride and for the symphonic cycle Má vlast ("My Homeland"), which portr...
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William Smethergell

borndied
17511836


John Christopher Smith

borndied
17121795
an English composer who, following in his father's footsteps, became George Frideric Handel's secretary and amanuensis. Smith's first opera was the Italian-style Teraminta on a libretto by Henry Carey and first performed on 20 November 1732. Among his other works are five volumes of harpsichord music (1732–1763), a book of hymns (1765), a funeral service (...
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John Stafford Smith

borndied
17501836
a British composer, church organist, and early musicologist. He was one of the first serious collectors of manuscripts of works by Johann Sebastian Bach. Smith is best known for writing the music for The Anacreontic Song, which became the tune for the American patriotic song The Star-Spangled Banner following the War of 1812, and in 1931 was adopted as the n...
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Mikhail Sokolovsky

borndied
17561795+
a late-18th century Russian opera composer, conductor and violinist. Sokolovsky played the violin in the orchestra of the Maddox Theatre in Moscow. It is known that he also taught singing at the university. The music of the renowned-in-its-day opera The miller who was a wizard, a cheat and a matchmaker to the text by Aleksandr Ablesimov (Moscow, 1779;...
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Antonio Soler

aka: Antoni Soler i Ramos
borndied
17291783
a Spanish composer whose works span the late Baroque and early Classical music eras. He is best known for his keyboard sonatas, an important contribution to the harpsichord, fortepiano and organ repertoire. Padre Soler's most celebrated works are his keyboard sonatas. also composed concertos, quintets for organ and strings, motets, masses and pieces for solo...
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Vicente Martin y Soler

aka: Vicente Martín
borndied
17541806
a Spanish composer of opera and ballet. Although relatively obscure now, in his own day he was compared favorably with his contemporary, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, as a composer of opera buffa; in his time he was called Martini lo spagnuolo,in modern times, conversely, he has been called the Valencian Mozart.
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Cross-listed in Writers

Temistocle Solera

borndied
1815, Dec 251878, Apr 21
an Italian opera composer and librettist. He was born in Ferrara. He received his education at the Imperial College in Vienna and at the University of Pavia. Throughout his life he actively participated in anti-Austrian resistance. At one point, he was incarcerated for his activities. He completed several literary works, including the novel Michelino, his st...
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Pedro Etienne Solere

aka: Pedro Étienne Solère
borndied
17531817


Jean-Pierre Solie

aka: Solié
borndied
17551812, Aug 6
a French cellist and operatic singer. He began as a tenor, but switched and became well known as a baritone. He sang most often at the Paris Opéra-Comique. He also became a prolific composer, writing primarily one-act comic operas.
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Carlo Evasio Soliva

borndied
1791, Nov 271853, Dec 20
a Swiss-Italian composer of opera, chamber music, and sacred choral works. Soliva was born in Casale Monferrato, Piedmont to a family of Swiss chocolatiers who had emigrated from the canton of Ticino. He studied pianoforte and composition at the Milan Conservatory. A contemporary of Gioacchino Rossini, he is best known for his 1816 opera La testa di bronzo (...
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Giovanni Battista Somis

borndied
1686, Dec 251763, Aug 14
an Italian violinist and composer of the Baroque music era. He studied under Arcangelo Corelli between 1703 and 1706 or 1707. He was later appointed solo violinist to the king at Turin and leader of the royal band, and seems scarcely ever to have left Turin after these appointments. A trip to Paris in 1731 to play at the Concert Spirituel produced a report i...
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Fernando Sor

borndied
1778, Feb1839, Jul 10
a Spanish classical guitarist and composer. While he is best known for his guitar compositions, he also composed music for a wide range of genres, including opera, orchestra, string quartet, piano, voice, and ballet. His ballet score Cendrillon (Cinderella) received over one hundred performances. Sor's works for guitar range from pieces for beginning players...
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Luka Sorkocevic

borndied
1734, Jan 131789, Sep 11
a Croatian composer from the Republic of Ragusa. He is considered the finest pre-Classical composer from Croatia. His music can be described as being half way between the Baroque music and the Classical music, somewhat like Domenico Scarlatti. His music has been preserved, like other Sorkocevic family possessions, in the archives of the Dubrovnik Franciscan ...
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Johannes Spech

borndied
1767 ca1836
a Hungarian classical era composer. There is very little that is known about his life. He was born in Bratislava about 1767 and studied for a time with Joseph Haydn. He died in Vienna in 1836. Amongst other genres, he wrote chamber music, sonatas, church music and songs.
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Johannes Matthias Sperger

borndied
1750, Mar 231812, May 13
an Austrian contrabassist and composer. He was an extremely productive composer who wrote more than forty-four symphonies, numerous instrumental concertos, among them eighteen contrabass concertos, sonatas, rondos and dances, cantatas, choral works, and airs. He died in Schwerin, aged 62.
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Ignazio Spergher

borndied
17341808
an Italian composer and organist. The son of an Austrian, he studied in his youth under the leadership of Count Giordano Riccati . Later he became organist at the church of St. Nicholas and at the same time choirmaster of the Cathedral of Treviso. Spergher is currently a virtually unknown composer, although in his day was one of the outstanding personalities...
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Louis Spohr

borndied
1784, Apr 51859, Oct 22
a German composer, violinist and conductor. Highly regarded during his lifetime, Spohr composed ten symphonies, ten operas, eighteen violin concerti, four clarinet concerti, four oratorios and various works for small ensemble, chamber music and art songs. Spohr was the inventor of both the violin chinrest and the orchestral rehearsal mark. His output occupie...
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Gaspare Spontini

borndied
17741851
composer and conductor. His most acclaimed work was La Vestale 1807). Though Italian, Spontini is best known for his work in France during the Napoleonic era. His masterpiece La vestale influenced Bellini and Berlioz.
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Anton Stamitz

borndied
1754, Nov1803 ca
a German composer of partial Czech ancestry (his mother was German) and violinist. Anton was born in Mannheim. He and his brother Carl received their first violin instruction from their father Johann. After their father's death in 1757 they were taken on as students by Christian Cannabich, who had been a student of their father's. Both were by this time alre...
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Carl Stamitz

aka: Karel Stamic
borndied
1745, May1801, Nov 9
a German composer of partial Czech ancestry. He was the most prominent representative of the second generation of the Mannheim School. Stamitz wrote symphonies, symphonies concertantes, and concertos for clarinet, cello, flute, bassoon, basset horn, violin, viola, viola d’amore and different combinations of some of these instruments. Some of his clarinet a...
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Johann Wenzel Anton Stamitz

aka: Jan Václav AntonínStamic
borndied
1717, Jun 181757, Mar 27
a Czech composer and violinist. His two surviving sons, Carl and Anton Stamitz, were scarcely less important composers of the Mannheim school, of which Johann is considered the founding father. His music is stylistically transitional between Baroque and Classical periods. Stamitz’s most important compositions are his 58 symphonies and his 10 orchestral tri...
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John Stanley

borndied
1712, Jan 171786, May 19
an English composer and organist. At about the age of two, he had the misfortune to fall on a marble hearth with a china basin in his hand, an accident which left him almost blind. He began studying music at the age of seven. Under the guidance of Maurice Greene, composer and organist at St. Paul's Cathedral, he studied "with great diligence, and a success t...
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Joseph Starzer

borndied
1726, Jan1787, Apr 22
an Austrian composer and violinist of the pre-classical period. He was active in Moscow, St. Petersburg and Vienna. Very little is known about his life.Starzer contributed to the formation of the Vienna Tonkünstler-Societät in 1771. With Georg Christoph Wagenseil and Matthias Georg Monn was a precursor of the First Viennese School. Starzer composed: severa...
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Maria Frederica von Stedingk

borndied
1799, Oct 311868, Jun 15
a Swedish composer and courtier. Stedingk was born in Saint Petersburg to the Swedish Field Marshal Count Kurt von Stedingk and Ulrika Fredrika Ekström. She served as a maid of honor to the queen of Sweden, Désirée Clary. She died unmarried. Among her compositions are the Nocturne för melodiinstrument (written down by Mathilda Berwald).
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Joseph Anton Steffan

aka: Josef Antonín Štepán
borndied
1726, Mar1797, Apr
a Bohemian classical era composer and harpsichordist. Steffan was born in Kopidlno, Hradec Králové Region, Bohemia, the son of a schoolmaster and church organist. In 1741 he fled from the Prussian army to Vienna. He received his first musical lessons from his father but, in Vienna, he studied with Schilck and later became a student of Georg Christoph Wage...
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Daniel Steibelt

borndied
1765, Oct 221823, Sep 20
a German born pianist and composer who died in Saint Petersburg, Russia. His main works were composed in Paris and in London. Besides his dramatic music, Steibelt left behind him an enormous number of compositions, mostly for the piano. His playing was said to be brilliant, though lacking the higher qualities which characterized that of such contemporaries a...
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Johann Franz Xaver Sterkel

borndied
1750, Dec 31817, Oct 12
a German composer and pianist in the 18th century. He was educated at the University of Würzburg and in 1778 he became chaplain and musician at the court in Mainz. He lived in Regensburg (1802–10), then in Aschaffenburg, and finally retired to Würzburg in 1815.
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Stephen Storace

borndied
1762, Apr 41796, Mar 19
an English composer. His sister was the famous opera singer Nancy Storace. He was born in London in the Parish of St Marylebone to an English mother and Italian father. Relatively little is known through direct records of his life. Although Storace's works were popular in their time, their failure to endure in performance is in part due to the financial caut...
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Johann Strauss II

aka: Jr., the Younger, the Son
borndied
1825, Oct 251899, Jun 3
an Austrian composer of light music, particularly dance music and operettas. He composed over 500 waltzes, polkas, quadrilles, and other types of dance music, as well as several operettas and a ballet. In his lifetime, he was known as "The Waltz King", and was largely then responsible for the popularity of the waltz in Vienna during the 19th century.
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Josef Strauss

borndied
1827, Aug 201870, Jul 22
an Austrian composer. Josef Strauss wrote 283 opus numbers. He wrote many waltzes, including: Sphären-Klänge (Music of the Spheres), Delirien (Deliriums), Transaktionen (Transactions), Mein Lebenslauf ist Lieb' und Lust (My Character is Love and Joy), and Dorfschwalben aus Österreich (Village Swallows from Austria), polk...
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Johann Strauss I

aka: Johann Baptist Strauss, Johann Strauss, Sr., the Elder, the Father
borndied
1804, Mar 141849, Sep 25
an Austrian Romantic composer. He was famous for his waltzes, and he popularized them alongside Joseph Lanner, thereby setting the foundations for his sons to carry on his musical dynasty. His most famous piece is the Radetzky March (named after Joseph Radetzky von Radetz).
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Alessandro Striggio the Elder

borndied
1536 ca1592, Feb 29
an Italian composer, instrumentalist and diplomat of the Renaissance. He composed numerous madrigals as well as dramatic music, and by combining the two, became the inventor of madrigal comedy. Striggio wrote both sacred and secular music, and all his surviving music is vocal, although sometimes with instrumental accompaniment. He published seven books of ma...
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Cross-listed in Performers

Barbara Strozzi

borndied
1619, Aug 61677, Nov 11
an Italian Baroque singer and composer. Strozzi was said to be "the most prolific composer - man or woman - of printed secular vocal music in Venice in the Middle of the century." Her output is also unique in that it only contains secular vocal music, with the exception of one volume of sacred songs. She was renowned for her poetic ability as well as her com...
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Jean-Baptiste Stuck

aka: Baptistin, Batistin, Battistin
borndied
1680, May 61755, Dec 8
an Italian-French composer and cellist of the Baroque era. Little is known of Stuck's early years. He was born at Livorno on the western coast of Tuscany, came from a merchant family, and was the son of Giovanni-Giacomo Stuck and Barbera Hellerbeck. From 1702 he was in the service of Countess Lemos in Naples. Stuck wrote arias for the performance of the oper...
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Franz Xaver Sussmayr

aka: Süssmayr
borndied
17661803, Sep 17
an Austrian composer, most famous for his completion of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Requiem. In 1792 he also became the vice-director and composer at the Kärntnertortheater. On commission for Emanuel Schikaneder, he composed an unsuccessful opera, Moses oder der Auszug aus Ägypten, which premiered May 4, 1792. He was more successful with Der Spiegel von Arka...
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Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck

bornactivedied
1562, Apr/May1577-16211621, Oct 16
a Dutch composer, organist, and pedagogue whose work straddled the end of the Renaissance and beginning of the Baroque eras. He was among the first major keyboard composers of Europe, and his work as a teacher helped establish the north German organ tradition. Sweelinck represents the highest development of the Dutch keyboard school, and indeed represented a...
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Cross-listed in Inventors

Andrei Sychra

aka: Sikhra, Sichra
borndied
1773/76 ca1850 Nov/Dec
a Russian guitarist, composer and teacher, of Czech ancestry. Sychra holds a prominent position within Russia, where he is often referred to as the patriarch of the seven-string guitar, and also as its inventor, disputed though that may be. He was a major force in the development of Russian guitar music and one of its most prolific composers, as well as an i...
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Maria Agata Szymanowska

borndied
1789, Dec 141831, Jul 25
a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century. She toured extensively throughout Europe, especially in the 1820s, before settling permanently in St. Petersburg. In the Russian imperial capital, she composed for the court, gave concerts, taught music, and ran an influential salon. Her compositions—largely piano pi...
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