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In a world without recorded music, talent with an instrument was a valuable gift. But even more admired were the people who actually composed the music others would play; those so endowed could aspire to attain unending renown...and if not, at least a lucrative career.
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Thomas Tallis

borndied
1505 ca1585
an English composer who occupies a primary place in anthologies of English choral music, and is considered one of England's greatest composers. He is honoured for his original voice in English musicianship. No contemporary portrait of Tallis survives: that painted by Gerard Vandergucht (illustration), dates from 150 years after Tallis died, and there is no r...
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Jean-Francois Tapray

aka: Jean-François
borndied
17381819
a French musician and composer born in Nomeny in Lorraine, and died at Fontainebleau. Tapray's works are part of the period from the harpsichord to the pianoforte. In some of his works, the composer simultaneously uses the two instruments in opposition. Piano sonatas are, as is frequently the use in the eighteenth century, accompanied by a violin or a cello,...
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Angelo Tarchi

borndied
17601814
an Italian composer of numerous operas as well as sacred music. Between 1778 and 1787, he worked primarily in Italy, producing five or six new operas each year. Tarchi was born in Naples. In December 1787 he was appointed music director and composer at London's King's Theatre, a position he held until June 1789. Tarchi returned to Italy in 1791 and remained ...
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Giuseppe Tartini

borndied
16921770
an Italian Baroque composer and violinist. He helped establish the modern style of violin bowing and formulated principles of musical ornamentation and harmony. Today, Tartini's most famous work is the "Devil's Trill Sonata," a solo violin sonata that requires a number of technically demanding double stop trills and is difficult even by modern standards. (O...
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Franz Tausch

borndied
17621817
a German clarinetist, teacher and composer. He played in the Mannheim orchestra. One of his students was Heinrich Baermann. His compositions include two solo clarinet concertos, two double clarinet concertos, and an assortment of chamber pieces.
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John Taverner

borndied
14951545
an English composer and organist, regarded as one of the most important English composers of his era. Most of Taverner's music is vocal, and includes masses, Magnificats and motets. The bulk of his output is thought to date from the 1520s. His best-known motet is Dum Transisset Sabbatum.
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Raynor Taylor

borndied
17471825
an English organist, music teacher, composer, and singer who lived and worked in the United States after emigrating in 1792. Active in composing music for the theater, outdoor pleasure garden, and the Anglican Church and Protestant Episcopal Church of the United States, he was one of the first notable composers active in America.
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Antonio Teixeira

aka: António
borndied
17071769
a Portuguese composer. Teixeira was born and died in Lisbon. He was a royal scholar in Rome from 1714 until 11 June 1728, when he was elected chaplain-singer of Lisbon Cathedral and examiner in plainchant for the Lisbon patriarchy. He wrote some festive cantatas for members of the aristocracy and also composed the music for two Portuguese operas by António ...
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Georg Philipp Telemann

borndied
16811767
a German Baroque composer and multi-instrumentalist. Almost completely self-taught in music, he became a composer against his family's wishes. He held important positions in Leipzig, Sorau, Eisenach, and Frankfurt before settling in Hamburg in 1721, where he became musical director of the city's five main churches. While Telemann's career prospered, his pers...
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Domenec Terradellas

aka: Domènec
borndied
1711 ca1751
a Spanish opera composer. The birthdate is sometimes incorrectly given as 1711. Carreras i Bulbena did extensive research in contemporary documents, such as baptismal records, and found that the correct date was 1713. All his works are thoroughly Italian in style.
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Johann Theile

borndied
1646, Jul 291724, Jun 24
a German composer of the Baroque era, famous for the opera Adam und Eva, Der erschaffene, gefallene und aufgerichtete Mensch, first performed in Hamburg on 2 January 1678. After studying law in Leipzig and Halle, Theile took instruction in composition in Weißenfels. His teacher there was the great more
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Ambroise Thomas

borndied
18111896
a French composer. The first opera Thomas composed, La double échelle (1837), was produced at the Opéra Comique and subsequently received 247 performances. Le caïd (1849), did still better, and achieved over 400 performances. For the next quarter of a century Thomas's productivity was incessant, and several of his operas (he wrote 24 altogether) enjoyed a...
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Anton Ferdinand Tietz

borndied
17421811
a German composer, violin and viola d'amore player, principally now known for his string quartets. Titz was born in Nuremberg, initially training as a painter before concentrating on music and becoming the organist at St. Sebaldus Church. He lived in St Petersburg for 40 years, working at the court of Catherine II of Russia. He composed lieder, sonatas, stri...
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Johannes Tinctoris

borndied
1435 ca1511
a Renaissance composer and music theorist from the Low Countries. He is known to have studied in Orléans, and to have been master of the choir there; he also may have been director of choirboys at Chartres. Because he was paid through the office of petites vicars at Cambrai Cathedral for four months in 1460, it has been speculated that he studied with Dufay...
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Alexey Nikolayevich Titov

borndied
17691827
a Russian composer and violinist. Titov was born and died in St. Petersburg. Alongside his musical career, Titov was a major general in the Russian cavalry. His music, most of which is for the stage (operas, ballets, and incidental music), was primarily written for local St. Petersburg theater and dance companies. Strong Russian themes run through his choice...
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Vasily Polikarpovich Titov

borndied
1650 ca1715 ca
a Russian composer, one of the foremost exponents of the so-called Moscow Baroque. Although Titov's works are not widely known today, he was famous during his lifetime, and his importance was acknowledged in Russia by both pre-revolutionary and Soviet musicologists.
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Carlo Giuseppe Toeschi

aka: Karl Joseph Toeschi
borndied
1731, Nov1788, Apr 12
an Italian-born violinist, musical director, composer and important representative of Mannheim School. He was a pupil of Johann Stamitz, who was regarded as the founder of the Mannheim School. His main musical genres were primarily symphony, chamber music, ballet music and opera.


Vaclav Jan Tomasek

aka: Václav Jan Tomášek
borndied
17741850
a Czech composer and music teacher. Tomášek wrote a good deal for the piano and became a forerunner of the lyric piano piece which later reached its apogee in the works of Schubert and Frederic Chopin. At first he remained loyal to the Classical style, but l...
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Luigi Tomasini

borndied
1741, Jun 221808, Apr 25
an Italian violinist and composer at the court of Prince Esterházy. At the age of 16, he was in the court orchestra of Prince Paul II. In 1761 Joseph Haydn composed the solos in his symphonies no. 6 Le matin, no. 7 Le midi and no. 8 Le soir for his friend Tomas...
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Thomas Tomkins

borndied
15721656
a Welsh-born composer of the late Tudor and early Stuart period. In addition to being one of the prominent members of the English Madrigal School, he was a skilled composer of keyboard and consort music, and the last member of the English virginalist school.
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Giuseppe Torelli

borndied
16581709
an Italian violist, violinist, teacher, and composer. Torelli is most remembered for contributing to the development of the instrumental concerto, especially concerti grossi and the solo concerto, for strings and continuo, as well as being the most prolific Baroque composer for trumpets.
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Antonio Tozzi

borndied
17361812
an Italian opera composer. He was born at Bologna, Italy. He studied with Padre Martini and became a member of the Accademia Filarmonica di Bologna in 1761. His first opera Tigrane, was performed in Venice in 1762. His La morte di Dimone of 1763 was an early opera semiseria. In 1764 he was asked to work for the court in Brunswick. In 1774 he became Hofkapell...
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Tommaso Traetta

borndied
17271779
an Italian composer. Through the following decade, the 1760s, Tommaso Traetta composed music unceasingly—not just opera seria, either. There was a clutch of comedies as well, to say nothing of sacred music composed to imperial order. For Traetta served from 1768 to 1775 as music director for Catherine the Great of Russia, to which he relocated. Still, oper...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Jean Balthasar Tricklir

borndied
17501813, Nov 29
a French cellist and composer of German descent. Born in Dijon, he studied at Mannheim, and became a court musician in Dresden in 1783, remaining there until his death. He was regarded as one of the finest cellist of his days. Tricklir wrote a number of cello concertos and sonatas, as well as solo and duet works for cello, however, his works are mostly unkno...
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Josef Triebensee

borndied
17721846
a Bohemian composer and oboist. Triebensee's most important compositions were two sets of Harmoniemusik, the second appearing in 32 installments of ten or more movements. He wrote 12 comic operas for Vienna and Prague as well as vocal, orchestral, and chamber works.
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Giacomo Tritto

borndied
17331824
an Italian composer, known primarily for his 54 operas. He was born in Altamura, and studied in Naples; among his teachers were Nicola Fago, Girolamo Abos, and Pasquale Cafaro. Amongst his pupils were the young Vincenzo Bellini around 1821, plus Ferdinando Orlandi. He died in Naples.
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Cross-listed in Physicians

Wenzel Trnka

borndied
17391791
a physician, professor, and amateur composer of the 18th century. Trnka composed music, but apparently composition was only a hobby for him, and he was not judged sufficiently important as a composer to merit an article in the Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians.
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Friedrich Hieronymus Truhn

borndied
18111886
a 19th-century German conductor, composer and music writer who worked mainly in Berlin, Danzig, Elbing and Riga. He was the son of Hofmarschall Nathanael Truhn and the grandfather of Selma Erdmann-Jesnitzer, born Bethge-Truhn, father of Clara and Anna Marie Elizabeth Truhn. He was a very special person and a talented composer of numerous songs, several stage...
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Erik Tulindberg

borndied
17611814
the first known Finnish composer of classical music. From his compositions only a violin concerto in B-flat major and six string quartets remain. He wrote the violin concerto before 1784 during his youth in Turku. The work shows "simplicity and occasional clumsiness" and the influences of Mozart, Haydn and the Mannheim School of music. His string quartets ar...
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Frantisek Ignac Tuma

aka: František Ignác
borndied
17041774
an important Czech composer of the Baroque era. Born in Kostelec nad Orlici, Bohemia, he lived the greater part of his life in Vienna, first as director of music for Count Franz Ferdinand Kinsky, later filling a similar office for the widow of Emperor Karl VI. He was an important late-baroque composer, organist, gambist and theorbist.
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Cross-listed in Writers

Daniel Gottlob Turk

aka: Türk
borndied
17561813
a notable composer, organist, and music professor of the Classical Period. On April 18, 1779, Halle University granted Türk's request to begin lecturing on music theory, making him the University's "Director of Music." While at Halle, Türk published his treatise On the Role of the Organist in Worship which is still occasionally reprinted. Several of Türk'...
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Cross-listed in Performers

William Turner

borndied
16511740
a composer and countertenor of the Baroque era. A contemporary of John Blow and Henry Purcell, he is best remembered for his verse anthems, of which over forty survive. As a singer, he was a Gentleman of the Chapel Royal from 1669 until his death.
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Geert van Turnhout

borndied
1520 ca1580
a Flemish composer, who became master of the Flemish chapel (capilla flamenca) in Spain.He was born in Turnhout. He had a younger brother, also a composer, Jan van Turnhout. Turnhout was employed first at Antwerp, then at the Church of St Gummarus, Lier, Belgium, (maître de chapelle 1559), then in 1562 back to the Cathedral of Our Lady (Antwerp) where he wa...
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Jan Trojan Turnovsky

aka: Turnovský
borndied
1547 ca1606
a Czech Renaissance composer. He became known in the second half of the 1570s. His compositions are included in the most important sources of the Utraquist polyphony music. The oldest dated composition originates from 1572, the earliest work was composed in 1602. Fifteen of his forty compositions have been preserved completely. A half of Trojan's composition...
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Ferdinando Gasparo Turrini

borndied
17451820 ca
an Italian organist and composer. Turrini enjoyed great esteem among his colleagues. Little remains of his early works (nothing of opera production), while many scores that had dictated received, full of tips for the execution, and some printed works. He composed sonatas for harpsichord, for organ, for piano , for piano and violin , concerts for harpsichord ...
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Christopher Tye

borndied
1505 ca1572 ca
an English Renaissance composer and organist. Probably born in Cambridgeshire, he trained at the University of Cambridge and became the master of the choir at Ely Cathedral. He is noted as the music teacher of Edward VI of England and was held in high esteem for his choral music, as well as chamber works such as the polyphonic In Nomines. It is likely that o...
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