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A few hundred years ago, the known physical world was a lot smaller. With the discovery of the 'new world' (and its gold deposits), many Europeans were emboldened to find out more about what was out there and wasted no time launching ships and staking claims. Here are many of the more successful.
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Cross-listed in ClergyCartographers

Hans Egede

borndied
1686, Jan 311758, Nov 5
a Dano-Norwegian Lutheran missionary who launched mission efforts to Greenland, which led him to be styled the Apostle of Greenland. He established a successful mission among the Inuit and is credited with revitalizing Dano-Norwegian interest in the island after contact had been broken for hundreds of years. He founded Greenland's capital Godthåb, now known...
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Juan Sebastian Elcano

aka: Juan Sebastián Elcano, del Cano
bornactivedied
14761509-15261526, Aug 4
a Basque explorer who completed the first circumnavigation of the Earth. After Magellan's death in the Philippines, Elcano took command of the nau Victoria from the Moluccas to Sanlúcar de Barrameda in Spain.
Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Naval

Francisco de Eliza

aka: Francisco de Eliza y Reventa
bornactivedied
17591773-1800s1825, Feb 19
a Spanish naval officer, navigator, and explorer. He is remembered mainly for his work in the Pacific Northwest. He was the commandant of the Spanish post in Nootka Sound on Vancouver Island, and led or dispatched several exploration voyages in the region, including the Strait of Juan de Fuca and the Strait of Georgia.
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Martin Fernandez de Encisco

borndied
14701528
a judge in Hispianola, was sent by the Spanish administration to succor the San Sebastian settlement on the coast of the Gulf of Darien. The explorer Alonso de Ojeda had founded the colony earlier that year. However, Encisco was unable to bring order to the fledgling colony’s colonists, who had been ravaged by attacks from native Indians and hunger. Vasco ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Silvestre Velez de Escalente

aka: Silvestre Vélez
bornactivedied
1750 ca1767-17801780, Apr
One of the leaders of the Dominguez-Escalante Expedition, a journey under a commission from the Spanish government to find a route from Santa Fe to Monterey and to record certain facts about the North American southwest.
Timeline (1)Notes (1)


Pero Escobar

aka: Pedro
bornactivedied
unknown1470s-1500sunknown
a 15th-century Portuguese navigator who discovered São Tomé, Annobon, and Príncipe islands, together with João de Santarém circa 1470. He is then recorded sailing with Diogo Cão on his first voyage in 1482, and as the pilot of the famous Bérrio caravel on Vasc...
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Estevanico

borndied
1500 ca1539
one of the first native Africans to reach the present-day continental United States. He is known by many different names, but is commonly known as Esteban de Dorantes, Estebanico and Esteban the Moor or Mustafa Zemmouri. Enslaved as a youth by the Portuguese, he was sold to a Spanish nobleman and taken in 1527 on the Spanish Narváez expedition to establish ...
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George Evans

borndied
1780, Jan 51852, Oct 16
a surveyor and early explorer in the colony of New South Wales. Evans was born in Warwick, England, migrating to Australia in October 1802. On 13 November 1813 Governor Lachlan Macquarie sent Evans across the Blue Mountains into the Wiradjuri nation of central-western New South Wales to confirm the findings of the exploration party of Blaxland, Lawson, and W...
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George Everest

bornactivedied
1790, Jul 41806-18431866, Dec 1
a Welsh surveyor and geographer, and the Surveyor General of India from 1830 through 1843. Everest was largely responsible for completing the section of the Great Trigonometric Survey of India along the meridian arc from southern India extending north to Nepal, a distance of about 2,400 kilometres (1,500 mi). This survey was started by William Lambton in 180...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Governance

Edward John Eyre

borndied
1815, Aug 51901, Nov 30
an English land explorer of the Australian continent, colonial administrator, and a controversial Governor of Jamaica. When South Australia was founded, Eyre brought 1,000 sheep and 600 cattle overland from Monaro, New South Wales to Adelaide and sold them for a large profit. With this money, Eyre set out to explore the interior of South Australia, with two ...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)

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