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When you've got a lot of people together, it makes sense to pick someone to be in charge. As exploration expanded, individuals were chosen to oversee colonies and settlements. This section highlights those men (and some women), as well as the leaders and attendant ruling class -- nobles, peerage, wannabes and hangers-on --back home.
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Emperor Nakamikado

aka: Yasuhito
bornactivedied
1702, Jan 141709-17351737, May 10
the 114th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Nakamikado's reign spanned the years from 1709 through 1735. Nakamikado reign corresponded to the period from the sixth shogun, Tokugawa Ienobu, to the eighth shogun, Tokugawa Yoshimune. During this period, relations with the Bakufu were fairly good.
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Nana Sahib

aka: Dhondu Pant
borndied
1824, May 191857 ca
an Indian Maratha aristocrat and fighter, who led the rebellion in Cawnpore (Kanpur) during the 1857 uprising. As the adopted son of the exiled Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao II, he was entitled to a pension from the English East India Company. The Company's refusal to continue the pension after his father's death, as well as what he perceived as high-handed polici...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Naval

Charles Napier

borndied
1786, Mar 61860, Nov 6
a British naval officer whose sixty years in the Royal Navy included service in the War of 1812 (with the United States), the Napoleonic Wars, Syrian War and the Crimean War (with the Russians), and a period commanding the Portuguese navy in the Liberal Wars. An innovator concerned with the development of iron ships, and an advocate of humane reform in the R...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Military

Charles James Napier

borndied
1782, Aug 101853, Aug 29
a soldier and governor of the British Empire and the British Army's Commander-in-Chief in India, during which period he led the military conquest of Sindh. Napier was born at the Whitehall Palace in London, and he received part of his education at boarding school in Celbridge, Ireland. He joined the 33rd Infantry Regiment of the British Army in January 1794,...
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Napoleon III

aka: Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, Louis Napoleon
bornactivedied
1808, Apr 201852-18701873, Jan 9
the only President (1848–52) of the French Second Republic and, as Napoleon III, the Emperor (1852–70) of the Second French Empire. He was the nephew and heir of Napoleon I. He was the first President of France to be elected by a direct popular vote. He was blocked by the Constitution and Parliament from running for a second term, so he organized a coup ...
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Timeline (10)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Robert Naunton

bornactivedied
15631606-16261635, Mar 27
an English writer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1606 and 1626. He was educated at Norwich School and Trinity College, Cambridge, becoming a fellow of his college in 1585 and public orator of the university in 1594. Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, commissioned him to spend some time abroad, sending information abo...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Marguerite de Navarre

aka: Marguerite of Angoulême, Margaret of Navarre
borndied
1492, Apr 111549, Dec 21
the princess of France, Queen of Navarre, and Duchess of Alençon and Berry. She was married to Henry II of Navarre. Her brother became King of France, as Francis I, and the two siblings were responsible for the celebrated intellectual and cultural court and salons of their day in France. Marguerite is the ancestress of the Bourbon kings of France, being the...
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Cross-listed in WritersEducators

Thomas Neale

bornactivedied
16411664-16981699
an English project-manager and politician who was also the first person to hold a position equivalent to postmaster-general of the North American colonies. Neale was a Member of Parliament for thirty years, Master of the Mint and the Transfer Office, Groom of the Bedchamber, gambler, and entrepreneur. His wide variety of projects included the development ...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Commerce

Jacques Necker

borndied
1732, Sep 301804, Apr 9
a Swiss banker who became a French statesman and finance minister for Louis XVI. He held the finance post during the period 1777-1781 and helped make decisions that were critical in creating political and social conditions that contributed to the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789. He was recalled to royal service just before the Revolution actually d...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Military

Thomas Nelson Jr.

bornactivedied
1738, Dec 261761-17891789, Jan 4
an American planter, soldier, and statesman from Yorktown, Virginia. He represented Virginia in the Continental Congress and was its Governor in 1781. He is regarded as one of the U.S. Founding Fathers. He signed Declaration of Independence as a member of the Virginia delegation and fought in the militia during the Siege of Yorktown.
Links (15)Notes (1)


Neolin

bornactivedied
unknown1760sunknown
a prophet of the Lenni Lenape, who was known as the "Delaware Prophet" but derided by the British as "The Imposter." Beginning in 1762, Neolin he founded a movement to reject European goods and abandon dependency on foreign settlers in order to return to a more traditional lifestyle. He made arguments against alcohol, materialism, and polygamy. Neolin emphas...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Pirates

Jacques Nepveu

borndied
unknownunknown
governor of Tortuga and Saint Dominque …[thomas] Paine led his crew of sixty men under the command of Captain Bréhal, who possessed a French privateering commission obtained from Jacques Nepveu, sieur de Pouanéay and governor of Saint Domingue.


Karl Nesselrode

aka: Karl Robert Reichsgraf von Nesselrode-Ehreshoven, Charles de Nesselrode
bornactivedied
1780, Dec 141816-18561862, Mar 23
a Baltic German diplomat. His mother was Jewish by origin and Protestant by faith. For forty years (1816-1856) Nesselrode as foreign minister and guided Russian policy; he was a leading European conservative statesman of the Holy Alliance. In 1788, at the age of 8, he officially entered the Russian Navy. With his father's influence, he secured the position o...
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Links (1)


Czar Nicholas I

bornactivedied
1796, Jun 251825-18551855, Feb 18
the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855. He was also the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Finland. He is best known as a political conservative whose reign was marked by geographical expansion, repression of dissent, economic stagnation, poor administrative policies, a corrupt bureaucracy, and frequent wars that culminated in Russia's disastrous defeat in...
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Timeline (3)Links (1)


Richard Nicholls

borndied
16241672, May 28
the first English colonial governor of New York province. He commanded a royalist troop of horse (i.e., cavalry) during the English Civil War, and on the defeat of the king went into exile. Soon after the Restoration he became Groom of the Chamber to the Duke of York. Through the influence of the Duke of York, in 1664 he was appointed on a commission with Si...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Military

Francis Nicholson

borndied
1655, Nov 121727, Mar 5
a British military officer and colonial administrator. His military service included time in Africa and Europe, after which he was sent as leader of the troops supporting Sir Edmund Andros in the Dominion of New England. There he distinguished himself, and was appointed lieutenant governor of the dominion in 1688. After news of the Glorious Revolution reache...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Military

Adolf van Nieuwenaar

aka: Count of Limburg and Moers, Adolf von Neuenahr
borndied
1545 ca1589, Oct 18
a statesman and soldier, who was stadtholder of Overijssel, Guelders and Utrecht for the States-General of the Netherlands during the Eighty Years' War. In 1585, the Spanish general Juan Baptista de Tassis defeated him and Maarten Schenk van Nydeggen at the Battle of Amerongen on 23 June 1585. Schenk would in the same year build the fortress of Schenkenschan...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Emperor Ninko

aka: Ayahito
bornactivedied
1800, Mar 161817-18461846, Feb 21
the 120th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Ninko's reign spanned the years from 1817 through 1846. His reign saw some deterioration of bakufu power. The bakufu encountered yet more problems during the reign of his son, Emperor Komei (Komei-tenno). The bakufu collapsed in the beginning of the reign of his grandson, Emperor M...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Robert Nugent

aka: 1st Earl Nugent
bornactivedied
17091739-17881788, Oct 13
an Irish politician and poet. He was tersely described by Richard Glover as a jovial and voluptuous Irishman who had left popery for the Protestant religion, money and widows. His wife's property included the borough of St Mawes in Cornwall, and Nugent sat for that constituency from 1741 to 1754, after which date he represented Bristol until 1774, when he re...
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