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Cross-listed in AstronomersWritersScientists

Taqi al-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf

borndied
15261585
a Muslim polymath active in the Ottoman Empire. He was the author of more than ninety books on a wide variety of subjects, including astronomy, clocks, engineering, mathematics, mechanics, optics and natural philosophy. In 1574 the Ottoman Sultan Murad III invited Taqi ad-Din to build the Istanbul observatory. Using his exceptional knowledge in the mechanica...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Scientists

Charles Macintosh

borndied
1766, Dec 291843, Jul 25
a Scottish chemist and inventor of waterproof fabrics. The Mackintosh raincoat (the variant spelling is now standard) is named for him. He devoted all his spare time to science, particularly chemistry, and before he was twenty resigned his clerkship to take up the manufacture of chemicals. In this he was highly successful, inventing various new processes. Hi...
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Timeline (2)Links (1)


Josef Madersperger

borndied
1768, Oct 61850, Oct 2
a tailor. He is one of the inventors of the sewing machine. In 1814 he presented his first sewing machine, which imitated a human hand. Madersperger did not commercialize the 1815 granted privilege which expired after 3 years. By 1823 he was registered in the Himmelpfortgasse 14 as "former" middle-class tailor. After several unsuccessful attempts to improve ...
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Cross-listed in Writers

George William Manby

borndied
1765, Nov 281854, Nov 18
an English author and inventor. He designed an apparatus for saving life from shipwrecks and also the first modern form of fire extinguisher. He married in 1793 and inherited his wife's family's estates, but left her in 1801 after being shot by her lover and moved to Clifton, Bristol. There, he published several books. He also invented the Manby Mortar, late...
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Sylvester Marsh

bornactivedied
1803, Sep 301826-18691884, Dec 30
the United States engineer who designed and built the Mount Washington Cog Railway. He invented many appliances that were incidental to meat packing, especially those having reference to the use of steam. He invented the dried-meal process, and “Marsh's caloric dried meal” was long an article of commerce.
Links (6)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Leonard Mascall

borndied
unknown1589, May 10
an English author and translator. His family was from Plumstead, Kent, and he became clerk of the kitchen in the household of Matthew Parker, archbishop of Canterbury. Mascall died at Farnham Royal, Buckinghamshire, and was buried there on 10 May 1589. The clai...
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Links (1)


John Landis Mason

borndied
18321902, Feb 26
an American tinsmith and the patentee of the metal screw-on lid for fruit jars that have come to be known as Mason jars. He also invented the first screw top salt shaker in 1858. Mason invented a square-shouldered jar with threaded screw-top, matching lid, and rubber ring for an airtight seal – the Mason jar. Until the 1830s, long before refrigeration an...
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Henry Maudslay

borndied
1771, Aug 221831, Feb 14
a British machine tool innovator, tool and die maker, and inventor. He is considered a founding father of machine tool technology. His inventions, such as the first industrially practical screw-cutting lathe in 1800 which standardized screw thread sizes for the first time which in turn allowed the application of interchangeable parts (a prerequisite for mass...
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John Loudon McAdam

borndied
1756, Sep 231836, Nov 26
a Scottish engineer and road-builder. He invented a new process, "macadamisation", for building roads with a smooth hard surface, using controlled materials of mixed particle size and predetermined structure, that would be more durable and less muddy than soil-based tracks. Modern road construction still reflects McAdam's influence. Of subsequent improvement...
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Timeline (1)Links (9)


James S. McLean

bornactivedied
unknown1790s-1810sunknown
James Sylvanus McLean, a native of York, Pennsylvania, received a patent for an improvement in pianofortes on 27 May 1796 and wrote TJ about his ideas for using steam engines to power agricultural machinery. He apparently spent the night of 20 May 1809 at Monticello. In 1812 McLean was acquitted due to insanity in a trial for conspiracy to extort money from ...
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Betsey Metcalf

borndied
1786unknown
Born near the seaside of Providence, Rhode Island in 1786, Betsey became fascinated with the straw hat after seeing an expensive English straw bonnet in a shop window. Although Betsey lived well as the daughter of town solicitor Joel Metcalf, she could not afford the bonnet. She recreated one for herself in 1798, using simple tools and straw from the famil...
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Antonio Meucci

borndied
1808, Apr 131889, Oct 18
an Italian inventor and an associate of Giuseppe Garibaldi. Meucci is best known for developing a voice-communication apparatus that several sources credit as the first telephone. Meucci studied the principles of electromagnetic voice transmission for many years and was able to realize his dream of transmitting his voice through wires in 1856. He installed a...
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Henry Mill

borndied
1683 ca1771
an English inventor who patented the first typewriter in 1714. He worked as a waterworks engineer for the New River Company, and submitted two patents during his lifetime. One was for a coach spring, while the other was for a "Machine for Transcribing Letters". The machine that he invented appears, from the patent, to have been similar to a typewriter, but n...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier

aka: Jacques-Étienne
borndied
1745, Jan 61799, Aug 2
With his brother, were the inventors of the Montgolfière-style hot air balloon, globe aérostatique. The brothers succeeded in launching the first piloted ascent, carrying Étienne into the sky. Later, in December 1783, in recognition of their achievement, their father Pierre was elevated to the nobility and the hereditary appellation of de Montgolfier by K...
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Joseph-Michel Montgolfier

borndied
1740, Aug 261810, Jun 26
With his brother, were the inventors of the Montgolfière-style hot air balloon, globe aérostatique. The brothers succeeded in launching the first piloted ascent, carrying Étienne into the sky. Later, in December 1783, in recognition of their achievement, their father Pierre was elevated to the nobility and the hereditary appellation of de Montgolfier by K...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Narcis Monturiol

aka: Monturiol i Estarriol
borndied
1819, Sep 281885, Sep 6
a Spanish intellectual, artist and engineer. He was the inventor of the first air-independent and combustion-engine-driven submarine. In 1858 Monturiol presented his project in a scientific thesis, titled The Ictineo or fish-ship. The first dive of his first submarine, Ictineo I, took place in September 1859 in the harbour of Barcelona.
Links (1)


Samuel Morey

borndied
1762, Oct 231843, Apr 17
an American inventor, who worked on early internal combustion engines and was a pioneer in steamships who accumulated a total of 20 patents. Morey's first patent, in 1793, was for a steam-powered spit, but he had grander plans. Morey realized that steam could be a power source in the 1780s, and he probably appreciated a steamboat’s potential from work on h...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

Samuel F. B. Morse

borndied
1791, Apr 271872, Apr 2
an American painter and inventor. After having established his reputation as a portrait painter, in his middle age Morse contributed to the invention of a single-wire telegraph system based on European telegraphs. He was a co-developer of the Morse code, and helped to develop the commercial use of telegraphy.
Timeline (6)Links (1)


Ivan Feodorovich Motorin

aka: Matorins
borndied
1660s1735
His factory used to produce bells for many Moscow monasteries and churches. In 1692, he cast a 1-tonne bell for the Church of John the Apostle in Bronniki (moved to the Saint Basil's Cathedral). A famous cannon maker Martyan Osipov ( assisted Ivan Motorin in mastering the science of cannon-making. Motorin’s factory carried out the order in a short period ...
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Mikhail Ivanovich Motorin

aka: Matorins
bornactivedied
unknown1730s-17501750
There isn’t much information available on Mikhail Ivanovich Motorin (? - 1750) after he finished casting the Tsar Bell. Historians know that in 1736 he made a bell for the Epiphany Monastery. In 1737, he also cast a 1.8-tonne bell for the Church of Archangel Gabriel. Both of these bells, however, were destroyed by the Soviets in the 1930s.
Links (1)


William Murdoch

borndied
1754, Aug 211839, Nov 15
a Scottish engineer and inventor. Murdoch was the inventor of the oscillating cylinder steam engine, and gas lighting is attributed to him in the early 1790s, also the term "gasometer". However, Archibald Cochrane, ninth Earl of Dundonald, had already in 1789 used gas for lighting his family estate. Murdoch also made innovations to the steam engine, includin...
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Links (1)

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