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Alexander Sablukov

borndied
17831857
a Russian Lieutenant General, engineer and inventor. Sablukov is credited with invention of the centrifugal fan (1832) and contribution to the development of centrifugal pump.
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Thomas Saint

borndied
unknownunknown
Not much is known about the life of Thomas Saint, the London cabinet maker who usually takes credit for patenting the first sewing machine in 1790. The patent was ponderously entitled, "An Entire New Method of Making and Completing Shoes, Boots, Splatterdashes, Clogs, and Other Articles, by Means of Tools and Machines also Invented by Me for that Purpose, an...
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Thomas Savery

borndied
1650 ca1715
an English inventor and engineer, born at Shilstone, a manor house near Modbury, Devon, England. He is famous for his invention of the first commercially used steam powered engine. Savery's engine had no piston, and no moving parts except from the taps. It was operated by first raising steam in the boiler; the steam was then admitted to one of the first work...
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Adolphe Sax

borndied
1814, Nov 61894, Feb 7
a Belgian inventor and musician who invented the saxophone in 1846. He played the flute and clarinet, and his other inventions are the saxotromba, saxhorn and saxtuba. Sax also developed the saxotromba family, valved brass instruments with narrower bore than the saxhorns, in 1845, though they survived only briefly. Saxhorn instruments spread rapidly. The sax...
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Cross-listed in Governance

Pavel Schilling

aka: Paul
bornactivedied
1786, Apr 51810s-18371837, Jul 25
a diplomat of Baltic German origin employed in the service of Russia in Germany, and who built a pioneering electrical telegraph. It consisted of a single needle system which used a telegraph code to indicate the characters in a message. Schilling's first electromagnetic telegraph cable line was set up in his apartment in St Petersburg. In 1832, Schilling de...
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Cross-listed in Scientists

Christian Friedrich Schonbein

aka: Schönbein
borndied
1799, Oct 181868, Aug 29
a German-Swiss chemist who is best known for inventing the fuel cell (1838) at the same time as William Robert Grove, Robert Cumming and his discoveries of guncotton and ozone. It was while doing experiments on the electrolysis of water that Schönbein first began to notice a distinctive odor in his laboratory. This smell gave Schönbein the clue to the pres...
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August Schrader

borndied
18071894
a German-American immigrant who had a shop dealing in rubber products in Manhattan, New York City, United States. In 1845, he began supplying fittings and valves for rubber products made by the Goodyear Brothers, including air pillows and life preservers. He also made daguerreotype apparatus. Shortly thereafter, he went into partnership with Christian Baeche...
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Marc Seguin

borndied
1786, Apr 201875, Feb 24
a French engineer, inventor of the wire-cable suspension bridge and the multi-tubular steam-engine boiler. He built and administered 186 toll-bridges throughout France. In 1829, he delivered two steam locomotives of his own design to the Saint-Étienne–Lyon railway.
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Leonty Shamshurenkov

borndied
16871758
a self-taught Russian inventor of peasant origin, who designed a device for lifting the Tsar Bell onto a bell-tower, constructed in 1752 the first self-propelling or self-running carriage (may be regarded as precursor to both quadrocycle and automobile) and proposed projects of an original odometer and self-propelling sledge.
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Cross-listed in WritersPhysiciansScientistsLegal

Fathullah Shirazi

borndied
unknown1582
a Persian-Indian polymath—a scholar, Islamic jurist, finance minister, mechanical engineer, inventor, mathematician, astronomer, physician, philosopher and artist—who worked for Akbar, ruler of the Mughal Empire. Among the inventions credited to him was an early anti-infantry volley gun with multiple gun barrels similar to a hand cannon's. Another cannon...
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Cross-listed in Military

Henry Shrapnel

borndied
1761, Jun 31842, Mar 13
a British Army officer whose name has entered the English language as the inventor of the shrapnel shell. In 1784, while a lieutenant in the Royal Artillery, he perfected, with his own resources, an invention of what he called "spherical case" ammunition: a hollow cannonball filled with lead shot that burst in mid-air. He successfully demonstrated this in 17...
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Augustus Siebe

borndied
17881872, Apr 15
a German-born British engineer chiefly known for his contributions to diving equipment. In the 1830s the Deane brothers asked Siebe to make a variation of their smoke helmet design for underwater use. Later they turned to him to produce more helmets for diving operations. Expanding on improvements already made by another engineer, George Edwards, Siebe produ...
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Werner von Siemens

aka: Ernst Werner
borndied
1816, Dec 131892, Dec 6
a German inventor and industrialist. Siemens’s name has been adopted as the SI unit of electrical conductance, the siemens. He was also the founder of the electrical and telecommunications company Siemens. He is known world-wide for his advances in various technologies, and chose to work on perfecting technologies that had already been established. In 1843...
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Cross-listed in Commerce

Isaac Singer

bornactivedied
1811, Oct 271830s-18631875, Jul 23
an American inventor, actor, and businessman. He made important improvements in the design of the sewing machine and was the founder of the Singer Sewing Machine Company. Many had patented sewing machines before Singer, but his success was based on the practicality of his machine, the ease with which it could be adapted to home use, and its availability on a...
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Hannah Slater

borndied
17741812
an early American pioneer and inventor. Some sources state that she was the first American woman to receive a patent, however others state that Mary Kies, in 1809, was the first. In 1793, Samuel Slater showed Hannah some very smooth yarn he had spun from long staple Surinam cotton. He intended to use it to produce cloth, however Hannah and her sister used a ...
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Samuel Slocum

borndied
1792, Mar 41861, Jan 26
an American inventor from Poughkeepsie, New York. Samuel Slocum traveled to England. While in England, he invented a machine for the production of pins. These pins later became flat head pins (similar to staples). A short time later he moved back to the United States, to Poughkeepsie, NY and formed a pin manufacturing company, Slocum and Jillson, which inven...
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Cross-listed in AstronomersWritersScientists

Hamilton Lanphere Smith

borndied
1819, Nov 51903
an American scientist, photographer, and astronomer. He was born in New London, Connecticut and graduated from Yale in 1839, where he constructed the largest telescope in the country at the time in 1838. In 1848 Smith wrote "The World", one of the first science textbooks written in America. Smith is best known for patenting the tintype photographic process, ...
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Yefim Smolin

borndied
unknownunknown
a Russian glass-maker and inventor of granyonyi stakan (faceted glass or table-glass), living in the late 17th century and early 18th century in the area of the modern Vladimir Oblast in Russia. Granyonyi stakan has certain advantages over the other drinkware, since due to its form and hardness it is more difficult to break. A legend says that the first know...
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Cross-listed in Scientists

Ascanio Sobrero

borndied
1812, Oct 121888, May 26
an Italian chemist, born in Casale Monferrato. He was studying under Théophile-Jules Pelouze at the University of Turin, who had worked with the explosive material guncotton. During his research he discovered, in 1847, nitroglycerine. He initially called it "pyroglycerine", and warned vigorously against its use in his private letters and in a journal articl...
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Alfred P. Southwick

borndied
18261898
a steam-boat engineer, dentist and inventor from Buffalo, New York. He is credited with inventing the first electric chair as a method of legal execution. He was also a professor at the University of Buffalo school of dental medicine, now known as the State University of New York at Buffalo.
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George Stephenson

borndied
1781, Jun 91848, Aug 12
an English civil engineer and mechanical engineer who built the first public inter-city railway line in the world to use steam locomotives, the Liverpool and Manchester Railway which opened in 1830. Renowned as the "Father of Railways", the Victorians considered him a great example of diligent application and thirst for improvement, with self-help advocate S...
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Cross-listed in Commerce

Edwin Augustus Stevens

borndied
1795, Jul 281868, Aug 8
an American engineer, inventor, and entrepreneur who left a bequest that was used to establish the Stevens Institute of Technology. At an early age Stevens was entrusted by his father with the family business affairs, and in 1821 at the age of 26 he assumed full responsibility for the Stevens estate in Hoboken and other properties. Also in 1821, he developed...
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Cross-listed in Legal

John Stevens III

borndied
1749, Jun 261838, Mar 6
an American lawyer, engineer, and inventor who constructed the first U.S. steam locomotive, first steam-powered ferry, and first U.S. commercial ferry service from his estate in Hoboken. He was influential in the creation of U.S. patent law. After his graduation from King's College, he studied law and was admitted to the bar of New York City in 1771. He prac...
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Simon Stevin

aka: Stevinus
borndied
15481620
a Flemish mathematician, physicist and military engineer. He was active in a great many areas of science and engineering, both theoretical and practical. He also translated various mathematical terms into Dutch. Stevin is responsible for many discoveries and inventions. He was a pioneer of the development and the practical application of (engineering related...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Rev. Dr. Robert Stirling

borndied
1790, Oct 251878, Jun 6
a Scottish clergyman, and inventor of the Stirling engine. He inherited his father's interest in engineering, but studied divinity at the Universities of Edinburgh and Glasgow. and was licensed to preach in the Church of Scotland in 1816 by the Presbytery of Dumbarton. He invented what he called the Heat Economiser (now generally known as the regenerator), a...
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Joshua C. Stoddard

borndied
1814, Aug 261902, Apr 4
an American inventor. He was educated at the public schools, and became noted as an apiarist. He also turned his attention to inventing, and on October 9, 1855, patented (U.S. Patent 13,668) the steam calliope, used on Mississippi steamerboats. He also invented the Stoddard horse-rake, patented in 1879. More than 100,000 of his rakes were produced. Other inv...
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Heinrich Stolzel

aka: Stölzel
borndied
1777, Sep 71844, Feb 16
a German horn player who developed some of the first valves for brass instruments. He developed the first valve for a brass instrument such as the trumpet (1818) and many others, the Stölzel valve, in 1818, and went on to develop various other designs, some jointly with other inventor musicians. Such instruments include the trumpet with help from Friedrich ...
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Levi Strauss

borndied
1829, Feb 261902, Sep 26
an American Jewish businessman of German origin who founded the first company to manufacture blue jeans. His firm, Levi Strauss & Co., began in 1853 in San Francisco, California. At the age of 18, Strauss, his mother and two sisters traveled to the United States to join his brothers Jonas and Louis, who had begun a wholesale dry goods business in New York Ci...
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John Stringfellow

borndied
17991883, Dec 13
born in Sheffield, England and is known for his work on the Aerial Steam Carriage with William Samuel Henson. In 1848 Stringfellow achieved the first powered flight using an unmanned 10 ft wingspan steam-powered monoplane built in a disused lace factory in Chard, Somerset. Employing two contra-rotating propellers on the first attempt, made indoors, the machi...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Thomas Sutton [2]

borndied
18191875, Mar 19
an English photographer, author, and inventor. In 1855 he set up a photographic company in Jersey with business partner Louis Désiré Blanquart-Evrard that produced prints from calotype negatives.[citation needed] The following year, Sutton and Blanquart-Evrard founded the journal Photographic Notes, which Sutton edited for eleven years. A prolific author,...
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Cross-listed in WritersScientists

Emanuel Swedenborg

borndied
1688, Jan 291772, Mar 29
a Swedish scientist, philosopher, theologian, revelator, and mystic. He is best known for his book on the afterlife, Heaven and Hell (1758). Swedenborg had a prolific career as an inventor and scientist. In 1741, at age 53, he entered into a spiritual phase in which he began to experience dreams and visions. According to The Heavenly Doctrine t...
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Cross-listed in Composers

Andrei Sychra

aka: Sikhra, Sichra
borndied
1773/76 ca1850 Nov/Dec
a Russian guitarist, composer and teacher, of Czech ancestry. Sychra holds a prominent position within Russia, where he is often referred to as the patriarch of the seven-string guitar, and also as its inventor, disputed though that may be. He was a major force in the development of Russian guitar music and one of its most prolific composers, as well as an i...
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