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Cross-listed in Astronomers

Muhammad Salih Tahtawi

bornactivedied
unknown1659-1660unknown
a Mughal metallurgist, astronomer, geometer and craftsman, was born and raised in Thatta, Sindh province in Pakistan, during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and the governorship of the Mughal Nawab Mirza Ghazi Beg of Sindh. In 1559, Muhammad Saleh Thattvi headed the task of creating a massive, seamless celestial globe using a secret cire perdue m...
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Tanaka Hisashige

borndied
1799, Oct 161881, Nov 7
a Japanese rangaku scholar, engineer and inventor during the Bakumatsu and early Meiji period in Japan. In 1875 he founded what became the Toshiba Corporation. From age 20 he began to make karakuri dolls, autonomous dolls powered by springs, pneumatics and hydraulics, capable of relatively complex movements, which were much in demand by the aristocrats of Ky...
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Barthelemy Thimonnier

aka: Barthélemy
borndied
1793, Aug 191857, Jul 5
a French inventor, who invented the first sewing machine that replicated sewing by hand. In 1829, he invented the sewing machine and in 1830 he signed a contract with Auguste Ferrand, a mining engineer, who made the requisite drawings and submitted a patent application. The patent for his machine was issued on 17 July 1830 in the names of both men, supported...
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Charles Xavier Thomas

aka: Thomas de Colmar
borndied
1785, May 51870, Mar 12
a French inventor and entrepreneur best known for designing, patenting and manufacturing the first commercially successful mechanical calculator, the Arithmometer, and for founding the insurance companies Le Soleil and L'aigle which, under his leadership, became the number one insurance group in France at the beginning of the Second Empire.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in ArtistsMilitaryScientists

Benjamin Thompson

aka: Count Rumford
borndied
1753, Mar 261814, Aug 21
an American-born British physicist and inventor whose challenges to established physical theory were part of the 19th century revolution in thermodynamics. He served as lieutenant-colonel of the King's American Dragoons, part of the British Loyalist forces, during the American Revolutionary War. After the end of the war he moved to London, where his administ...
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William Thomson

aka: 1st Baron Kelvin, Lord Kelvin
borndied
1824, Jun 261907, Dec17
By 1847, Thomson had already gained a reputation as a precocious and maverick scientist when he attended the British Association for the Advancement of Science annual meeting in Oxford. In 1848, he extended the Carnot–Clapeyron theory still further through his dissatisfaction that the gas thermometer provided only an operational definition of temperature. ...
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Charles Thurber

bornactivedied
1803, Jan 21840s1886, Nov 7
an inventor and firearms maker who made important innovations in the early development of the typewriter. According to the book The Marvels of Modern Mechanism published in 1901, Thurber invented and patented in 1843 the first practical typewriter, though it admits his machine was slow, crude and was never manufactured.
Timeline (1)Links (4)Notes (3)


Evangelista Torricelli

borndied
16081647
an Italian physicist and mathematician, best known for his invention of the barometer, but is also known for his advances in optics and work on the method of indivisibles. He designed and built a number of telescopes and simple microscopes; several large lenses, engraved with his name, are still preserved in Florence.
Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Architects

Ithiel Town

bornactivedied
1784, Oct 31810-18431844, Jun 13
a prominent American architect and civil engineer. One of the first generation of professional architects in the United States, Town made significant contributions to American architecture in the first half of the 19th century. His work, in the Federal and revivalist Greek and Gothic revival architectural styles, was influential and widely copied.
Links (10)Notes (1)


Richard Trevithick

borndied
1771, Apr 131833, Apr 22
a British inventor and mining engineer from Cornwall, England. His most significant contribution was the development of the first high-pressure steam engine. He also built the first full-scale working railway steam locomotive. On 21 February 1804 the world's first locomotive-hauled railway journey took place as Trevithick's unnamed steam locomotive hauled a ...
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Timeline (2)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Jethro Tull

borndied
16741741, Feb 21
an English agricultural pioneer from Berkshire who helped bring about the British Agricultural Revolution. He perfected a horse-drawn seed drill in 1700 that economically sowed the seeds in neat rows. He later developed a horse-drawn hoe. Tull's methods were adopted by many great landowners and helped to provide the basis for modern agriculture. Jethro Tull ...
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Pellegrino Turri

bornactivedied
unknown1800sunknown
an Italian inventor, invented a mechanical typing machine, one of the first typewriters at the start of the 19th century (conflicting accounts suggest 1801, 1806 or 1808) for his blind friend Countess Carolina Fantoni da Fivizzano. He also invented carbon paper to provide the ink for his machine. According to another version, the machine was invented in 1802...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)

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