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While many freelance operators abounded with the Age of Exploration, national interests were also paying attention and quickly organized their own expeditions. The individuals on these ships were also frequently also explorers, but their main mission was to deliver the Rule of Law -- for each's respective country -- on the High Seas.
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Hyde Parker

borndied
17391807, Mar 16
an admiral of the British Royal Navy. From 1766 onwards for many years he served in the West Indies and in North American waters, particularly distinguishing himself in breaking the defences of the North River at New York in 1776. His services on this occasion earned him a knighthood in 1779. In 1778 he was engaged in the Savannah expedition, and in the foll...
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Sir Peter Parker [1]

aka: 1st Baronet
borndied
17211811, Dec 21
a Royal Navy officer. As a junior officer, he was deployed with a squadron under Admiral Edward Vernon to the West Indies at the start of the War of Jenkins' Ear. He saw action again at the Battle of Toulon during the War of the Austrian Succession. As captain of the fourth-rate HMS Bristol he took part in the Invasion of Guadeloupe during the Seven Years' W...
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Sir Peter Parker [2]

aka: 2nd Baronet
borndied
17851814, Aug 31
an English naval officer, the son of Vice-Admiral Christopher Parker and Augusta Byron. In 1810, he was given command of the frigate Menelaus, which he commissioned. Within weeks of commissioning she was involved in the suppression of a mutiny aboard Africaine. The notoriously brutal Captain Robert Corbet had been appointed to command Africa...
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Cross-listed in Explorers

William Parry

borndied
1790, Dec 191855, Jul 8/9
an English rear-admiral and Arctic explorer. His 1819 voyage through the Parry Channel was probably the most successful in the long quest for the Northwest Passage. In 1827 he attempted one of the earliest expeditions to the North Pole. He reached 82°45' North latitude, setting the record for human exploration farthest North that stood for nearly five decad...
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Edward Pellew

aka: 1st Viscount Exmouth
borndied
1757, Apr 191833, Jan 23
a British naval officer. He fought during the American War of Independence, the French Revolutionary Wars, and the Napoleonic Wars. His younger brother Israel Pellew also pursued a naval career. By 1794, he was Commodore of the Western Frigate Squadron. In 1795, he took command of HMS Indefatigable, the ship with which he is most closely associated. The squa...
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Israel Pellew

borndied
1758, Aug 251832, Jul 19
an English naval officer who spent his career under the shadow of his more successful older brother Edward Pellew. Pellew first went to sea aboard the sloop Falcon in 1771, serving in the West Indies. He went to the North American station on the frigate HMS Flora in 1776. Pellew was promoted to lieutenant in the Royal George in April 177...
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Cross-listed in Governance

William Penn [1]

borndied
1621, Apr 231670, Sept 16
an English admiral and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1670. He was the father of William Penn, founder of the Province of Pennsylvania. Penn was born in St. Thomas Parish, Bristol to Giles Penn and Joan Gilbert. He served his apprentices...
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Cross-listed in GovernanceWriters

Samuel Pepys

borndied
1633, Feb 231703, May 26
an English naval administrator and Member of Parliament who is now most well known for the diary he kept for a decade while still a young man. His influence and reforms at the Admiralty were important in the early development of the Royal Navy. Although he had no maritime experience, he rose by patronage, hard work, and his talent for administration to be th...
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Alonso Perez de Guzman

aka: Pérez de Guzmán, 7th Duke of Medina Sidonia
bornactivedied
1550, Sep 101580s-16061615, Jul 26
a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece since 1581, was the commander-in-chief of the Spanish Armada. His behavior as a fleet commander in the ensuing series of fights with the English has come under more criticism. Lacking military experience, he showed little initiative or self-confidence, instead cautiously obeying the instructions of the king, and rel...
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Cross-listed in Legal

Christopher Raymond Perry

borndied
1761, Dec 41818, Jun 1
an officer in the United States Navy who was appointed Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas for Washington County, Rhode Island, in 1780 and served until 1791. He was the father of Oliver Hazard Perry and Matthew Calbraith Perry. In 1779, Perry joined the Continental Navy as a seaman aboard the frigate USS Trumbull commanded by Captain James Nicholson....
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Matthew C. Perry

bornactivedied
1794, Apr 101809-18571858, Mar 4
a Commodore of the United States Navy and commanded a number of ships. He served in several wars, most notably in the Mexican–American War and the War of 1812. He played a leading role in the opening of Japan to the West with the Convention of Kanagawa in 1854. Perry was very concerned with the education of naval officers and helped develop an apprentice s...
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Oliver Hazard Perry

borndied
1785, Aug 231819, Aug 23
an American naval commander, born in South Kingstown, Rhode Island. He was the son of United States Navy Captain Christopher Raymond Perry and of Sarah Wallace Alexander, and the older brother of Commodore Matthew C. Perry. Perry served in the West Indies during the Quasi War of 1798–1800 against France, in the Mediterranean during the Barbary Wars of 1801...
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Edward Peyton

bornactivedied
unknown1707-17461749, Apr 4
an officer of the Royal Navy. He served during the War of the Austrian Succession and took part in an inconclusive battle off Bengal. Peyton entered the navy in 1707. From 1744 to 1746 he was captain of the 60-gun HMS Medway. In 1746, he was appointed a commodore in succession of Curtis Barnett and was commanding a squadron of seven ships of the line off Ben...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Philip of Burgundy

borndied
14641524, Apr 7
Admiral of the Netherlands from 1498 to 1517 and bishop of Utrecht from 1517 to 1524. Philip's politics were not very successful; he left much to his councillors and had trouble keeping himself standing in the midst of the faction-struggles in the bishopric. During his rule the Oversticht was largely lost in the Guelders War between the Empire and Guelders....
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Cross-listed in Governance

Arthur Phillip

borndied
1738, Oct 111814, Aug 31
a Royal Navy officer, the first Governor of New South Wales and led the colonisation of what is now Australia and founded the British penal colony that later became the city of Sydney, Australia. After much experience at sea, Phillip sailed with the First Fleet as Governor-designate of the proposed British penal colony of New South Wales. In January 1788, he...
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Cross-listed in ExplorersScientistsCartographers

Piri Reis

aka: Ahmed Muhiddin Piri
bornactivedied
1467 ca1481-15531553
an Ottoman admiral, geographer, and cartographer. Piri began engaging in government-supported privateering (a common practice in the Mediterranean Sea among both the Muslim and Christian states of the 15th and 16th centuries) when he was young, He is primarily known today for his maps and charts collected in his Kitab-i Bahriye (Book of Navigation), a book t...
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Robert Plampin

borndied
17621834, Feb 14
a British Royal Navy officer during the late 18th and early 19th centuries, serving in the American Revolutionary War, the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars, but best known for his time as commander of the British colony of Saint Helena in the South Atlantic during the period when former Emperor more
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Cross-listed in Governance

James Hanway Plumridge

borndied
1788 ca1863, Nov 29
a British naval officer whose career extended from Trafalgar to the Crimean War, and a Liberal Party Member of Parliament (MP). In 1854, during the Crimean War, he was assigned to the fleet headed by Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Napier for operations in the Baltic, commanding a detached "flying squadron" of steamships. Flying his flag in the frigate Leopard, Plu...
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Cross-listed in Scientists

Home Riggs Popham

borndied
1762, Oct 121820, Sep 2
a Royal Navy commander who saw service against the French during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. He is remembered for his scientific accomplishments, particularly the development of a signal code that was adopted by the Royal Navy in 1803. Popham was one of the most scientific seamen of his time. He did much useful survey work, and was the author of t...
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Cross-listed in PiratesCartographers

Thomas Pound

aka: Thomas Pounds, Thomas Ponnd
bornactivedied
unknown1689-16901703
an English junior officer and naval cartographer stationed in the colonial port of Boston, Massachusetts. He became a pirate who was briefly active in the coastal waters of New England during 1689.
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Samuel Pym

borndied
17781855
a British admiral, brother of Sir William Pym. In June 1788, Pym joined the Royal Navy as captain's servant of the frigate Eurydice. He was promoted to lieutenant of the sloop Martin, under Captain William Grenville Lobb, and served under Lobb aboard the Babet and the Aimable. From November 1798, Pym served aboard the Ethalion<...
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