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While many freelance operators abounded with the Age of Exploration, national interests were also paying attention and quickly organized their own expeditions. The individuals on these ships were also frequently also explorers, but their main mission was to deliver the Rule of Law -- for each's respective country -- on the High Seas.
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Cross-listed in Military

Jean II d'Estrees

aka: d'Estrées
borndied
1624, Nov 31707, May 19
a Marshal of France, and an important naval commander of Louis XIV. He was born to a noble family from Picardie. His aunt was Gabrielle d'Estrées, lover of King Henry IV of France. Like his father François Annibal d'Estrées, also Marshal of France, Jean pursued a military career from a very young age. He became a colonel at 23, a maréchal de camp at 25 a...
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Cross-listed in WritersCartographers

Jean de Clamorgan

aka: Lord of Saane
borndied
1480unknown
born in the diocese of Coutances, a cartographer, navigator and military commander, considered to be one of the best French admirals of the Marine Royale. Having long served in the French Navy, Francis I of France made him captain of the Ponant being th...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Governance

Philip de Montmorency

aka: Count of Horn, Hoorne, Hoorn
borndied
unknown1568, Jun 5
a victim of the Inquisition in the Spanish Netherlands. He became stadtholder of Guelders in 1555, an Admiral of Flanders, and a knight of the Golden Fleece in 1556. In 1559 he commanded the stately fleet which conveyed Philip II from the Netherlands to Spain, and he remained at the Spanish court until 1563. On his return he placed himself with the Prince of...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Antonio de Oquendo

bornactivedied
1577, Oct1594-16391640, Jun 7
a Spanish admiral; in 1639 he was in command of the Spanish forces at the Battle of the Downs. In 1594 he entered naval service. He commanded a naval squadron made of his flagship, the Delfín de Escocia, and the Dobladilla, two 500 ton galleons. On 7 August 1604 he captured an English privateer at the Battle of the Gulf of Cádiz. In 1607 he was appointed c...
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Michiel de Ruyter

borndied
1607, Mar 241676, Apr 29
a Dutch admiral. He is the most famous and one of the most skilled admirals in Dutch history, most famous for his role in the Anglo-Dutch Wars of the 17th century. He fought the English and French and scored several major victories against them, the best known probably being the Raid on the Medway. The pious De Ruyter was very much loved by his sailors and s...
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Timeline (11)Links (5)


Stephen Decatur Jr.

bornactivedied
1779, Jan 51790s-1810s1820, Mar 22
a United States naval officer and commodore notable for his naval victories in the early 19th century. Decatur supervised the construction of several U.S. naval vessels, one of which he would later command. He is the youngest man to reach the rank of captain in the history of the United States Navy. He served under three presidents, and played a major role ...
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Timeline (4)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Pirates

Stephen Decatur Sr.

bornactivedied
1751, Jun1770s-1800s1808, Nov 11
an American naval captain in the Revolutionary War and later in the Quasi-War. He was the father of Stephen Decatur Jr. During the American Revolution he commanded the Royal Louis, the Comet, the Retaliation, the Rising Sun, and the Fair American. With the outbreak of the Quasi War with France, Decatur was commissioned as a captain in the United States Navy ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Pirates

Baron Bernard Desjean

aka: Jean de Pointis, Baron de Pointis
bornactivedied
1645, Oct 71690s1707, Apr 24
a French admiral and privateer. In 1697, he undertook his greatest expedition: the Raid on Cartagena. This raid was so successful that it made him immensely rich and very appreciated by King Louis XIV.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Pirates

Giovanni Dionigi

aka: Occhiali, Uluç Ali Reis
bornactivedied
15191536-15871587, Jun 21
an Italian born corsair (privateer) who later became an Ottoman admiral (Reis), Bey of the Regency of Algiers, and finally Grand Admiral (Kapudan Pasha) of the Ottoman Fleet in the 16th century. He was a very able mariner and soon rose in the ranks, gaining sufficient prize booty to buy a share in a corsair brigantine sailing out of Algiers. Further success ...
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Links (3)


Andrea Doria

borndied
1466, Nov 301560, Nov 25
an Italian condottiero and admiral of the Republic of Genoa. In 1503 he was fighting in Corsica in the service of Genoa, at that time under French vassalage, and he took part in the rising of Genoa against the French, whom he compelled to evacuate the city. From that time onwards, he became famous as a naval commander. For several years he scoured the Medite...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Giovanni Andrea Doria

aka: Gianandrea Doria
borndied
15391606
an Italian admiral from Genoa. He was the son of Giannettino Doria. He became the Admiral of the Genoese Fleet in 1556 and commanded the combined Christian fleet of the Holy League at the Battle of Djerba in 1560, which was won by the Ottoman Turks under the command of Piyale Pasha. He also participated in the Battle of Lepanto in 1571, commanding the right ...
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Timeline (1)Links (3)


Cross-listed in PiratesExplorers

Sir Francis Drake

aka: el Draque (the Dragon)
bornactivedied
1540 ca1563-15961596, Jan 27/28
an English sea captain, privateer, navigator, slaver, and politician of the Elizabethan era. Drake carried out the second circumnavigation of the world in a single expedition, and was the first to complete it as captain and leader of the expedition throughout the entire circumnavigation. Elizabeth I awarded Drake a knighthood in 1581. He was second-in-comma...
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Timeline (11)Links (28)Notes (4)


Sir John Duckworth

aka: 1st Baronet
bornactivedied
1748, Feb 91759-18171817, Aug 31
an officer of the Royal Navy, serving during the Seven Years' War, the American War of Independence, the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, as the Governor of Newfoundland during the War of 1812, and a member of the British House of Commons during his semi-retirement. Duckworth, a vicar's son, achieved much in a naval career that began at the age of 1...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in MilitaryGovernance

John Dudley [1]

aka: 1st Duke of Northumberland, Viscount Lisle, Earl of Warwick
borndied
15041553, Aug 22
an English general, admiral, and politician, who led the government of the young King Edward VI from 1550 until 1553, and unsuccessfully tried to install Lady Jane Grey on the English throne after the King's death. The son of Edmund Dudley, a minister of Henry VII executed by more
Timeline (5)Links (1)


Cross-listed in ExplorersScientistsCartographers

Jules Dumont d'Urville

borndied
1790, May 231842, May 8
a French explorer, naval officer and rear admiral, who explored the south and western Pacific, Australia, New Zealand and Antarctica. As a botanist and cartographer he left his mark, giving his name to several seaweeds, plants and shrubs, and places such as D'Urville Island.
Timeline (1)Links (1)

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