1545, Aug 271592, Dec 3
Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Castro from 1586 to 1592, and Governor of the Spanish Netherlands from 1578 to 1592. He is best known for his successful campaign 1578-1592 against the Dutch Revolt, in which he captured the main cities in the south (now Belgium) and returned them to the control of Catholic Spain. His talents as a field commander, strategist and organizer earned him the regard of his contemporaries and military historians as the first captain of his age.
 Gallery (1)

 Timeline (8)
07/21/1579-Mechelen surrenders to Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma 
11/29/1581-Tournai (aka Doornik) surrenders to Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma 
06/17/1583-Battle of Steenbergen: Spanish Don Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma, beats French, English, and Dutch mercenaries
11/20/1583-Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma conquers Aalst 
09/17/1584-Gent surrenders to Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma 
08/17/1585-Antwerp surrenders after 8 months siege by Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma
08/27/1585-Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma's troops occupy Antwerp 
07/29/1588-Duke Alexander Farnese troops ready for invasion of England 
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