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Governance
borndied
1533, Nov 241597, Oct 27
Duke of Ferrara from 1559 to 1597. He was a member of the House of Este. As a young man, he fought in the service of Henry II of France against the Habsburgs. Soon after his accession, he was forced by Pope Pius IV to send back his mother to France due to her Calvinist creed. The 1570 Ferrara earthquake fell into his reign. In 1583 he allied with Emperor Rudolf II in the war against the Turks in Hungary. Throughout the 1550s, Alfonso had an intererst in Castrato singing voices. Given his childlessness amongst multiple marriages, this additional fact has prompted some historians to speculate that the Duke was homosexual.
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01/12/1598-Pope Clement VIII seizes duchy of Ferrara on death of Alfonso II d'Este 
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