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Naval
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1550, Sep 101580s-16061615, Jul 26
a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece since 1581, was the commander-in-chief of the Spanish Armada. His behavior as a fleet commander in the ensuing series of fights with the English has come under more criticism. Lacking military experience, he showed little initiative or self-confidence, instead cautiously obeying the instructions of the king, and relying on the opinion of his advisers and subordinate commanders.
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05/28/1588-Spanish Aramada under Alonso Perez de Guzman, Duke of Medina Sidonia, departs Lisbon to invade England
08/06/1588-Spanish Armada under Alonso Perez de Guzman, 7th Duke of Medina Sidonia, anchors 
10/23/1588-Alonso Perez de Guzman, 7th Duke of Medina Sidonia's Spanish Armada returns to Santander 
 Contemporaries
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Alonso Perez de Guzman1550, Sep 101580
 
16061615, Jul 26

Giovanni Dionigi15191536
 
15871587, Jun 21
 an Italian born corsair (privateer) who later became an Ottoman admiral (Reis), Bey of the Regenc...
John Callice1558 ca1570
 
15891587
 Born in Southeastern Wales, Callice moved to London as a youth, became a retailer and later joine...
Christopher Carleill1551 ca1573
 
15931593
 an English military and naval commander. In 1588, he was appointed constable of Carrickfergus, Co...
Sir John Hawkins15321562
 
15951595, Nov 12
 an English naval commander and administrator, merchant, navigator, shipbuilder, privateer and sla...
Sir Francis Drake1540 ca1563
 
15961596, Jan 27/28
 an English sea captain, privateer, navigator, slaver, and politician of the Elizabethan era. Drak...
George Cliffordunknown1558
 
1605unknown
 an English peer, naval commander and courtier of Queen Elizabeth I. He helped to prepare an exped...
Charles Howard15361558
 
16191624, Dec 14
 an English statesman and Lord High Admiral under Elizabeth I and James I. He was commander of the...
Peter Easton [1]15701602
 
16191619
 a pirate in the early 17th century who operated along the Newfoundland coastline between Harbour ...
Albrecht von Wallenstein1583, Sep 241604
 
16341634, Feb 25
 a Bohemian military leader and politician who offered his services, and an army of 30,000 to 100,...
Antonio de Oquendo1577, Oct1594
 
16391640, Jun 7
 a Spanish admiral; in 1639 he was in command of the Spanish forces at the Battle of the Downs. In...
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