1738, Dec 311805, Oct 5
a British Army officer and colonial administrator. In the United States and the United Kingdom he is best remembered as one of the leading British generals in the American War of Independence. His surrender in 1781 to a combined American and French force at the Siege of Yorktown ended significant hostilities in North America. He also served as a civil and military governor in Ireland and India; in both places he brought about significant changes, including the Act of Union in Ireland, and the Cornwallis Code and the Permanent Settlement in India.
 Gallery (1)

 Timeline (7)
04/25/1781-Charles Cornwallis retreats from Guilford Courthouse
08/01/1781-English army under general Charles Cornwallis occupies Yorktown, Virginia 
08/20/1781-George Washington begins to move his troops south to fight Charles Cornwallis 
09/05/1781-Battle of the Chesapeake (aka Battle of Virginia Capes): French fleet of 24 ships under Comte de Grasse defeat British under Admiral Graves, traps Charles Cornwallis
10/17/1781-George Washington takes Yorktown, Charles Cornwallis defeated
10/19/1781-Charles Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown at 2 PM; Revolutionary War ends
02/24/1786-Charles Cornwallis appointed governor-general of India 
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