1809, Feb 121827-18721882, Apr 19
an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors, and in a joint publication with Alfred Russel Wallace introduced his scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding. Darwin published his theory of evolution with compelling evidence in his 1859 book On the Origin of Species, overcoming scientific rejection of earlier concepts of transmutation of species.
 Timeline (87)
02/12/1809-Naturalist Charles Darwin is born in Shropshire, England
10/15/1827-Charles Darwin reaches Christ's Counsel, Cambridge 
01/22/1831-Charles Darwin takes his Bachelors of Art exam 
08/29/1831-Charles Darwin receives letter from John Henslow and George Peacock asking to travel as naturalist on the HMS Beagle, on a two-ywar survey of South America
08/30/1831-Charles Darwin refuses to travel with HMS Beagle, not wanting to go against his father's wishes
09/01/1831-Charles Darwin's father agrees to allow him to travel aboard the Beagle
09/05/1831-Charles Darwin meets with Captain Fitzroy at Plymouth
12/27/1831-Charles Darwin begins his voyage on board HMS Beagle departing England for South America
01/16/1832-Charles Darwin lands at Santiago, Cape Verde
02/16/1832-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reach St-Pauls, 1 degree N, 29 degrees W 
02/20/1832-Charles Darwin visits Fernando Noronha in Atlantic Ocean 
02/28/1832-Charles Darwin visits jungle near Salvador, Brazil
04/03/1832-Charles Darwin aboard HMS Beagle reaches Rio de Janeiro
04/08/1832-Charles Darwin begins trip through Rio de Janeiro 
07/05/1832-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin depart Rio de Janeiro 
09/23/1832- Charles Darwin recovers his first fossil at Punta Alta (Buenos Aires Province, Argentina
12/17/1832-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin sail in Le Maire Strait 
12/18/1832-Charles Darwin visits Tierra del Fuego
12/22/1832-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reach Barnevelts Islands 
12/25/1832-Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas in St. Martin at Cape Receiver 
01/19/1833-Charles Darwin reaches Straits Ponsonby, Fireland 
09/08/1833-Charles Darwin departs to Buenos Aires
09/19/1833-Charles Darwin visits Guardia del Monte, Argentina 
09/20/1833-Charles Darwin rides horse to Buenos Aires 
09/27/1833-Charles Darwin rides horse to Santa Fe 
10/01/1833-Charles Darwin reaches Rio Tercero, Argentina
10/02/1833-Charles Darwin rides through Corunda to Santa Fe, Argentina
10/05/1833-Charles Darwin crosses the Rio Parana to the village of Santa Fe Bajada, Argentina
10/12/1833-Charles Darwin begins return trip to Buenos Aires 
10/20/1833-Charles Darwin reaches river mouth of Parana 
11/14/1833-Charles Darwin departs by horse to Montevideo 
11/20/1833-Charles Darwin reaches Punta Gorda, sees Rio Uruguay 
11/28/1833-Charles Darwin rides through Las Pietras, returning to Montevideo 
12/06/1833-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin departs Rio de la Plata 
12/23/1833-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin arrives in Port Deseado, Patagonia
12/25/1833-Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas in Port Desire, Patagonia
01/09/1834-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin arrive in Port San Julian, Patagonia 
04/18/1834-Charles Darwin sails to Rio Santa Cruz up Patagonia 
04/29/1834-Charles Darwin's expedition sees top of Andes from Patagonia 
05/04/1834-Charles Darwin's expedition reaches 200 km from Atlantic Ocean 
05/05/1834-Charles Darwin's expedition to Tierra del Fuego begins at Rio Santa Cruz
05/08/1834-Charles Darwin's expedition returns to the HMS Beagle 
06/10/1834-HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin sails Pacific Ocean 
08/16/1834-Charles Darwin begins to climb Mount Campana in Chile
08/17/1834-Charles Darwin reaches top of Campana, Chile
09/14/1834-Charles Darwin's company passes Tagua-tagua-more Chile 
09/27/1834-Charles Darwin returns to Valparaiso
11/10/1834-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin sails from Valparaíso
12/25/1834-Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas on HMS Beagle at Tres Montes, Chile 
01/19/1835-Mount Osorno in Chile erupts, observed and described by Charles Darwin
02/22/1835-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin leave Valdivia, Chile 
03/14/1835-Charles Darwin departs Valparaiso for Andes crossing
03/18/1835-Charles Darwin departs Santiago Chile on his way to Portillo Pass 
03/21/1835-Charles Darwin and Mariano Gonzales meet at Portillo Pass 
03/23/1835-Charles Darwin reaches Los Arenales, in the Andes 
04/10/1835-Charles Darwin returns to Santiago, Chile
05/12/1835-Charles Darwin visits copper mines in North Chile 
05/14/1835-Charles Darwin reaches Coquimbo in Northern Chile 
09/15/1835-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reache Galapagos Islands
09/17/1835-Charles Darwin lands on Chatham Island (in the Galapagos archipelago)
10/08/1835-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reache James Island, Galapagos archipelago
11/15/1835-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reach Tahiti
11/16/1835-Charles Darwin's voyage published in Cambridge Philosophical Society 
11/18/1835-Charles Darwin travels to Tahiti 
12/19/1835-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin approach New Zealand 
12/25/1835-Charles Darwin's company celebrates Christmas in Pahia, New Zealand 
12/30/1835-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin sail from New Zealand to Sydney 
01/12/1836-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reach Sydney, Australia
02/05/1836-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reach van Diemen's Land, also known as Tasmania
02/17/1836-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin leave Tasmania 
03/06/1836-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reaches King George's Sound, Australia
03/14/1836-HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin leaves Australia 
04/01/1836-Charles Darwin aboard HMS Beagle reaches Cocos Islands
05/09/1836-HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin departs Port Louis, Mauritius
06/01/1836-Charles Darwin returns to Capetown 
07/08/1836-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reach Saint-Helena
07/19/1836-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reach Ascension Island
07/20/1836-Charles Darwin climbs Green Hill on Ascension Island 
08/01/1836-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin return to Bahia, Brazil
08/17/1836-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin leave South-America for last time 
10/02/1836-Charles Darwin returns to England aboard HMS Beagle (after 5 years)
11/11/1838-Emma Wedgwood accepts Charles Darwin's marriage proposal
01/24/1839-Charles Darwin elected member of Royal Society
01/29/1839-Charles Darwin marries Emma Wedgwood
07/01/1858-Modern biology is born when the Linnaean Society of London listens to the reading of a paper on natural selection by Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace
04/05/1859-Charles Darwin sends first three chapters of On the Origin of Species to his publisher
11/24/1859-Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species
 Mentions (5)
Erasmus Darwin
...Darwin–Wedgwood family, which includes his grandsons Charles Darwin and Francis Galton. Darwin was also a founding...
William Snow Harris
...lightning strikes unharmed on her famous voyage with Charles Darwin.
Thomas Henry Huxley
...anatomist), known as "Darwin's Bulldog" for his advocacy of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. In 1845, under Wharton...
Charles Kingsley
...Hampshire. He was a friend and correspondent with Charles Darwin. Kingsley's interest in history is shown in several...
Alfred Russel Wallace
...on the subject was jointly published with some of Charles Darwin's writings in 1858. Wallace did extensive fieldwork,...
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