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1809, Feb 121827-18721882, Apr 19
an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors, and in a joint publication with Alfred Russel Wallace introduced his scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding. Darwin published his theory of evolution with compelling evidence in his 1859 book On the Origin of Species, overcoming scientific rejection of earlier concepts of transmutation of species.
 Timeline (85)
02/12/1809-Naturalist Charles Darwin is born in Shropshire, England
10/15/1827-Charles Darwin reaches Christ's Counsel, Cambridge 
01/22/1831-Charles Darwin takes his Bachelors of Art exam 
08/29/1831-Charles Darwin receives letter from John Henslow and George Peacock asking to travel as naturalist on the HMS Beagle, on a two-ywar survey of South America
08/30/1831-Charles Darwin refuses to travel with HMS Beagle, not wanting to go against his father's wishes
09/01/1831-Charles Darwin's father agrees to allow him to travel aboard the Beagle
09/05/1831-Charles Darwin meets with Captain Fitzroy at Plymouth
12/27/1831-Charles Darwin begins his voyage on board HMS Beagle departing England for South America
01/16/1832-Charles Darwin lands at Santiago, Cape Verde
02/16/1832-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reach St-Pauls, 1 degree N, 29 degrees W 
02/20/1832-Charles Darwin visits Fernando Noronha in Atlantic Ocean 
02/28/1832-Charles Darwin visits jungle near Salvador, Brazil
04/03/1832-Charles Darwin aboard HMS Beagle reaches Rio de Janeiro
04/08/1832-Charles Darwin begins trip through Rio de Janeiro 
07/05/1832-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin depart Rio de Janeiro 
12/17/1832-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin sail in Le Maire Strait 
12/18/1832-Charles Darwin visits Tierra del Fuego
12/22/1832-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reach Barnevelts Islands 
12/25/1832-Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas in St. Martin at Cape Receiver 
01/19/1833-Charles Darwin reaches Straits Ponsonby, Fireland 
09/08/1833-Charles Darwin departs to Buenos Aires
09/19/1833-Charles Darwin visits Guardia del Monte, Argentina 
09/20/1833-Charles Darwin rides horse to Buenos Aires 
09/27/1833-Charles Darwin rides horse to Santa Fe 
10/01/1833-Charles Darwin reaches Rio Tercero, Argentina
10/02/1833-Charles Darwin rides through Corunda to Santa Fe, Argentina
10/05/1833-Charles Darwin crosses the Rio Parana to the village of Santa Fe Bajada, Argentina
10/12/1833-Charles Darwin begins return trip to Buenos Aires 
10/20/1833-Charles Darwin reaches river mouth of Parana 
11/14/1833-Charles Darwin departs by horse to Montevideo 
11/20/1833-Charles Darwin reaches Punta Gorda, sees Rio Uruguay 
11/28/1833-Charles Darwin rides through Las Pietras, returning to Montevideo 
12/06/1833-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin departs Rio de la Plata 
12/23/1833-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin arrives in Port Deseado, Patagonia
12/25/1833-Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas in Port Desire, Patagonia
01/09/1834-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin arrive in Port San Julian, Patagonia 
04/18/1834-Charles Darwin sails to Rio Santa Cruz up Patagonia 
04/29/1834-Charles Darwin's expedition sees top of Andes from Patagonia 
05/04/1834-Charles Darwin's expedition reaches 200 km from Atlantic Ocean 
05/05/1834-Charles Darwin's expedition to Tierra del Fuego begins at Rio Santa Cruz
05/08/1834-Charles Darwin's expedition returns to the HMS Beagle 
06/10/1834-HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin sails Pacific Ocean 
08/16/1834-Charles Darwin begins to climb Mount Campana in Chile
08/17/1834-Charles Darwin reaches top of Campana, Chile
09/14/1834-Charles Darwin's company passes Tagua-tagua-more Chile 
09/27/1834-Charles Darwin returns to Valparaiso
11/10/1834-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin sails from Valparaíso
12/25/1834-Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas on HMS Beagle at Tres Montes, Chile 
02/22/1835-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin leave Valdivia, Chile 
03/14/1835-Charles Darwin departs Valparaiso for Andes crossing
03/18/1835-Charles Darwin departs Santiago Chile on his way to Portillo Pass 
03/21/1835-Charles Darwin and Mariano Gonzales meet at Portillo Pass 
03/23/1835-Charles Darwin reaches Los Arenales, in the Andes 
04/10/1835-Charles Darwin returns to Santiago, Chile
05/12/1835-Charles Darwin visits copper mines in North Chile 
05/14/1835-Charles Darwin reaches Coquimbo in Northern Chile 
09/15/1835-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reache Galapagos Islands
09/17/1835-Charles Darwin lands on Chatham Island (in the Galapagos archipelago)
10/08/1835-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reache James Island, Galapagos archipelago
11/15/1835-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reach Tahiti
11/16/1835-Charles Darwin's voyage published in Cambridge Philosophical Society 
11/18/1835-Charles Darwin travels to Tahiti 
12/19/1835-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin approach New Zealand 
12/25/1835-Charles Darwin's company celebrates Christmas in Pahia, New Zealand 
12/30/1835-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin sail from New Zealand to Sydney 
01/12/1836-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reach Sydney, Australia
02/05/1836-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reach van Diemen's Land, also known as Tasmania
02/17/1836-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin leave Tasmania 
03/06/1836-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reaches King George's Sound, Australia
03/14/1836-HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin leaves Australia 
04/01/1836-Charles Darwin aboard HMS Beagle reaches Cocos Islands
05/09/1836-HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin departs Port Louis, Mauritius
06/01/1836-Charles Darwin returns to Capetown 
07/08/1836-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reach Saint-Helena
07/19/1836-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reach Ascension Island
07/20/1836-Charles Darwin climbs Green Hill on Ascension Island 
08/01/1836-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin return to Bahia, Brazil 
08/17/1836-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin leave South-America for last time 
10/02/1836-Charles Darwin returns to England aboard HMS Beagle (after 5 years)
11/11/1838-Emma Wedgwood accepts Charles Darwin's marriage proposal
01/24/1839-Charles Darwin elected member of Royal Society
01/29/1839-Charles Darwin marries Emma Wedgwood
07/01/1858-Modern biology is born when the Linnaean Society of London listens to the reading of a paper on natural selection by Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace
04/05/1859-Charles Darwin sends first three chapters of On the Origin of Species to his publisher
11/24/1859-Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species
 Mentions (5)
Erasmus Darwin
...Darwin–Wedgwood family, which includes his grandsons Charles Darwin and Francis Galton. Darwin was also a founding...
William Snow Harris
...lightning strikes unharmed on her famous voyage with Charles Darwin.
Thomas Henry Huxley
...anatomist), known as "Darwin's Bulldog" for his advocacy of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. In 1845, under Wharton...
Charles Kingsley
...Hampshire. He was a friend and correspondent with Charles Darwin. Kingsley's interest in history is shown in several...
Alfred Russel Wallace
...on the subject was jointly published with some of Charles Darwin's writings in 1858. Wallace did extensive fieldwork,...
 Contemporaries
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42
Charles Darwin1809, Feb 121827
 
18721882, Apr 19

John Oxley17841802
 
18281828, May 25
 an explorer and surveyor of Australia in the early period of British colonisation. He served as S...
Manuel Quimper17571770
 
18291844, Apr
 a Spanish Peruvian explorer, cartographer, naval officer, and colonial official. He participated ...
William Clark [2]1770, Aug 11789
 
18291838, Sep 1
 an American explorer, soldier, Indian agent, and territorial governor. Along with Meriwether Lewi...
James Weddell1787, Aug 241800
 
18291834, Sep 9
 a British sailor, navigator and seal hunter who in February 1823 sailed to latitude of 74°15'S (...
Grigori Ivanovitch Langsdorff1774, Apr 81803
 
18301852, Jun 9
 a German-Russian naturalist and explorer. He was a member and correspondent of the Russian Imperi...
Jose Maria Narvaez17681780
 
18311840, Aug 4
 a Spanish naval officer, explorer, and navigator notable for his work in the Gulf Islands and Low...
Cayetano Valdes y Flores17671782
 
18331835
 a commander of the Spanish Navy, explorer, and captain general who served in the French Revolutio...
Richard Lemon Lander1804, Feb 81820
 
18341834, Feb 6
 a Cornish explorer of western Africa. Explored the Niger and Benue Rivers. While journeying upstr...
Sir George Back1796, Nov 61808
 
18391878, Jun 23
 a British naval officer, explorer of the Canadian Arctic, naturalist and artist. As a boy, he wen...
David Thompson1770, Apr 301784
 
18431857, Feb 10
 a British-Canadian fur trader, surveyor, and map-maker, known to some native peoples as "Koo-Koo-...
George Everest1790, Jul 41806
 
18431866, Dec 1
 a Welsh surveyor and geographer, and the Surveyor General of India from 1830 through 1843. Everes...
Joseph Nicollet1786, Jul 241830
 
 
18431843, Sep 11
 a French geographer, astronomer, and mathematician known for mapping the Upper Mississippi River ...
Pawel Strzelecki1797, Jun 241834
 
 
18431873, Oct 6
 a Polish explorer and geologist who in 1845 also became a British subject. Strzelecki left Poland...
Otto von Kotzebue1787, Dec 301815
 
18461846, Feb 15
 a Baltic German navigator in Russian service. Kotzebue set out on July 30, 1815 to find a passage...
Edmund Kennedy1818, Sep 51845
 
 
18481848, Dec
 an explorer in Australia in the mid nineteenth century. He was the Assistant-Surveyor of New Sout...
Peter Skene Ogden1790, Feb 121810
 
18491854, Sep 27
 a fur trader and a Canadian explorer of what is now British Columbia and the American West. Betwe...
James Clark Ross1800, Apr 151818
 
18491862, Apr 3
 a British naval officer and explorer remembered today for his exploration of the Arctic (in the H...
John C. Fremont1813, Jan 211840
 
 
18491890, Jul 13
 an American military officer, explorer, and politician who became the first candidate of the anti...
Johann Karl Ehrenfried Kegel1784, Oct 31840
 
 
18491863, Jun 25
 a German agronomist and explorer of the Kamchatka Peninsula. In 1841 he was sent by the Russian g...
Ludwig Leichhardt1813, Oct 231840
 
 
18491848 ca
 a Prussian explorer and naturalist, most famous for his exploration of northern and central Austr...
Charles Sturt1795, Apr 281828
 
 
18511869, Jun 16
 a British explorer of Australia, and part of the European exploration of Australia. He led severa...
Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen1778, Sep 91796
 
18521852, Jan 13
 a Baltic-German officer in the Imperial Russian Navy, cartographer and explorer, ultimately rose ...
John Lloyd Stephens1805, Nov 281834
 
 
18521852, Oct 13
 an American explorer, writer, and diplomat. He initially entered law practice in New York. After ...
Joseph Rene Bellot1826, Mar 181845
 
 
18531853, Aug 18
  a French Arctic explorer. In 1851 he joined the Arctic expedition under the command of Captain W...
N.C. Middlebrooksunknown1850
 
 
1859unknown
 of the sealing ship Gambia, from Honolulu, he was the first European to sight the Midway Islands ...
Robert O'Hara Burke1821, May 61841
 
 
18611861, Jun 28 ca
 an Irish soldier and police officer, who achieved fame as an Australian explorer. He was the lead...
John McDouall Stuart1815, Sep 71838
 
 
18621866, Jun 5
 a Scottish explorer and one of the most accomplished of all Australia's inland explorers. Stuart ...
Ferdinand von Wrangel1796, Dec 291817
 
18641870, May 25
 a Baltic German explorer and seaman in Russian service, Honorable Member of the Saint Petersburg ...
John Rae1813, Sep 301833
 
 
18641893, Jul 22
 a Scottish doctor who explored parts of Northern Canada, found the final portion of the Northwest...
Heinrich Barth1821, Feb 161844
 
 
18641865, Nov 25
 a German explorer of Africa and scholar, thought to be one of the greatest European explorers of ...
John Hanning Speke1827, May 41844
 
 
18641864, Sep 15
 an officer in the British Indian Army who made three exploratory expeditions to Africa and who is...
Charles John Andersson1827, Mar 41850
 
 
18671867, Jul 9
 a Swedish explorer, hunter and trader as well as an amateur naturalist and ornithologist. He is m...
Jim Bridger1804, Mar 171822
 
18681881, Jul 17
 was among the foremost mountain men, trappers, scouts and guides who explored and trapped the Wes...
Jean-Frederic Waldeck1766, Mar 16?1790
 
18691875, Apr 30
 a French antiquarian, cartographer, artist and explorer. Waldeck is remembered primarily for the...
Charles Wilkes1798, Apr 31830
 
 
18691877, Feb 8
 an American naval officer and explorer. He led the United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842 ...
Lafayette Bunnell1824, Mar 131849
 
 
18691903, Jul 21
 an American physician, author, and explorer. He is most well known for his involvement with the M...
Sir Edward Sabine1788, Oct 141818
 
18711883, Jun 26
 an Irish astronomer, geophysicist, ornithologist,explorer, soldier and the 30th President of the ...
David Livingstone1813, Mar 191840
 
18731873, May 1
 a Scottish Congregationalist pioneer medical missionary with the London Missionary Society and an...
Ernest Mouchez1821, Aug 241843
 
18871892, Jun 29
 a French naval officer who became director of the Paris Observatory and launched the ill-fated Ca...
Henry Walter Bates1825, Feb 81843
 
18891892, Feb 16
 an English naturalist and explorer who gave the first scientific account of mimicry in animals. H...
Richard Burton1821, Mar 191842
 
18901890, Oct 20
 a British explorer, geographer, translator, writer, soldier, orientalist, cartographer, ethnologi...
Samuel Baker1821, Jun 81846
 
18911893, Dec 30
 a British explorer, officer, naturalist, big game hunter, engineer, writer and abolitionist. He a...
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