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Composers
borndied
17141787
a composer of Italian and French opera in the early classical period. Born in the Upper Palatinate (now part of Germany) and raised in Bohemia, he gained prominence at the Habsburg court at Vienna, where he brought about the practical reform of opera's dramaturgical practices that many intellectuals had been campaigning for over the years. With a series of radical new works in the 1760s, among them Orfeo ed Euridice and Alceste, he broke the stranglehold that Metastasian opera seria had enjoyed for much of the century.
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10/05/1762-Christoph Willibald Gluck's opera Orfeo Ed Euridice premieres in Vienna
12/26/1767-Christoph Willibald Gluck's opera Alceste premieres at the Burgtheater in Vienna
04/19/1774-Christoph Willibald Gluck's opera Iphigénie en Aulide premieres in Paris
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