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1811, Oct 251829-18321832, May 31
a French mathematician born in Bourg-la-Reine. While still in his teens, he was able to determine a necessary and sufficient condition for a polynomial to be solvable by radicals, thereby solving a problem standing for 350 years. His work laid the foundations for Galois theory and group theory, two major branches of abstract algebra, and the subfield of Galois connections. He died at age 20 from wounds suffered in a duel.
 Timeline (2)
05/30/1832-Evariste Galois gives his theory on free assembly 
05/31/1832-Evariste Galois dies in duel, age 20
 Contemporaries
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Evariste Galois1811, Oct 251829
 
18321832, May 31

Joseph Fourier1768, Mar 211795
 
18301830, May 16
 a French mathematician and physicist born in Auxerre and best known for initiating the investigat...
John MacCulloch1773, Oct 61793
 
18341835, Aug 21
 a Scottish geologist. He was the first geologist to be employed by the government in Britain and ...
John Dalton1766, Sep 61781
 
18441844, July 27
 an English chemist, physicist, and meteorologist. He is best known for proposing the modern atomi...
John Frederic Daniell1790, Mar 121831
 
18451845, Mar 13
 an English chemist and physicist. His name is best known for his invention of the Daniell cell, a...
John James Audubon1785, Apr 261803
 
18511851, Jan 27
 an American ornithologist, naturalist, and painter. He was notable for his extensive studies docu...
Thomas Bailey1785, Jul 311820
 
18561856, Oct 23
 an English topographer and miscellaneous writer. In 1845-6 he became proprietor and editor of the...
August Ferdinand Mobius1790, Nov 171816
 
18581868, Sep 26
 a German mathematician and theoretical astronomer. He is best known for his discovery of the Möb...
Charles Hamilton Smith1776, Dec 261787
 
18591859, Sep 21
 an English artist, naturalist, antiquary, illustrator, soldier, and spy. His military career bega...
Michael Faraday1791, Sep 221813
 
18661867, Aug 25
 an English scientist who contributed to the study of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. His m...
John Herschel1792, Mar 71816
 
18671871, May 11
 an English polymath, mathematician, astronomer, chemist, inventor, experimental photographer, and...
Sir Edward Sabine1788, Oct 141818
 
18711883, Jun 26
 an Irish astronomer, geophysicist, ornithologist, explorer, soldier and the 30th President of the...
Mary Fairfax Somerville1780, Dec 261811
 
18721872, Nov 29
 a Scottish science writer and polymath, at a time when women's participation in science was disco...
Charles Darwin1809, Feb 121827
 
18721882, Apr 19
 an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution...
Joseph Plateau1801, Oct 141827
 
18721883, Sep 15
 a Belgian physicist. He was one of the first persons to demonstrate the illusion of a moving imag...
Anyos Jedlik1800, Jan 111817
 
18731895, Dec 13
 a Hungarian inventor, engineer, physicist, and Benedictine priest. He was also a member of the Hu...
Stephen Reed1801, Sep 261824
 
18791877, Jul 12
 an American physician, newspaper publisher, and geologist. He graduated from Yale College in 1824...
John Deere1804, Feb 71821
 
18861886, May 17
 an American blacksmith and manufacturer who founded Deere & Company, one of the largest and leadi...
Napoleon Aubin1812, Nov 91829
 
18901890, Jun 12
 a Canadian journalist, publisher, playwright, and scientist. Born in Geneva, Aubin sailed to the ...
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