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borndied
1507, Oct 291582, Dec 11
a Spanish noble, general, and diplomat. He was titled the 3rd Duke of Alba de Tormes, 4th Marquis of Coria, 3rd Count of Salvatierra de Tormes, 2nd Count of Piedrahita, 8th Lord of Valdecorneja, Grandee of Spain, and a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. His motto in Latin was Deo patrum Nostrorum, which in English means "To the God of our fathers". He was an adviser of King Charles I of Spain (Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor), and his successor, Philip II of Spain, Mayordomo mayor of both, member of their Councils of State and War, governor of the Duchy of Milan (1555–1556), viceroy of the Kingdom of Naples (1556–1558), governor of the Netherlands (1567–1573) and viceroy and constable of the Kingdom of Portugal (1580–1582). He represented Philip II in negotiating Philip's betrothal to Elisabeth of Valois and Anna of Austria, who were the third and fourth - and last wives of the king.
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 Timeline (14)
06/14/1565-Catherine de' Medici and Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alva, discuss Calvinism 
12/01/1566-Spanish king Philip II names Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alva 
08/08/1567-Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alva's army enters Brussels Belgium 
10/06/1567-Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alva, becomes Land Guardian (Governor) of the Netherlands 
01/24/1568-In Netherlands, Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alva, declares William the Silent an outlaw 
06/05/1568-Duke Fernando Alvarez de Toledo beheads 18 nobles in Brussels
07/21/1568-Battle of Jemmingen: Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alva's troops beat Dutch rebellion
03/20/1569-Duke Fernando Alvarez de Toledo leads "tenth penning" in Ponts the Ce 
11/28/1569-Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba, forces bishop Nicolaas van Nieuwland of Haarlem to resign because of his reputation as a drunkard 
01/04/1570-Spanish viceroy Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba banishes Zutphen City's only physician, Joost Sweiter, "because he is a Jew" 
12/11/1572-Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alva's son Don Fredrik begins Siege of Haarlem
07/16/1573-Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba, demands submission of Zeeland/Holland 
11/29/1573-Luis de Requesens y Zuniga succeeds Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba as land guardian of Netherlands 
06/27/1580-Duke Fernando Alvarez de Toledo's army occupies Portugal 
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