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1564, Feb 151581-16381642, Jan 8
an Italian astronomer, physicist, engineer, philosopher, and mathematician who played a major role in the scientific revolution during the Renaissance.
 Timeline (14)
08/08/1609-Venetian senate examines Galileo Galilei's telescope 
08/25/1609-Galileo Galilei demonstrates his first telescope to Venetian lawmakers 
01/01/1610-German astronomer Simon Marius first discovers the moons of Jupiter, but does not officially report it, Galileo Galilei does on July 1, 1610
01/07/1610-Galileo Galilei discovers the third and fourth satellites of Jupiter, Ganymede and Callisto
01/08/1610-Galileo Galilei discovers the two satellites closest to Jupiter, Io and Europa
01/27/1613-Galileo Galilei observes Neptune (for the second time) but believes it is a star
01/28/1613-Galileo Galilei may have unknowingly viewed undiscovered planet Neptune 
02/26/1616-Spanish Inquisition delivers injunction to Galileo Galilei 
12/03/1621-Galileo Galilei invents telescope 
02/13/1633-Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for trial before Inquisition for professing belief that earth revolves around the Sun
04/12/1633-Galileo Galilei is convicted of heresy
06/22/1633-Galileo Galilei is forced by Inquisition to "abjure, curse, and detest" his belief that Earth orbits the sun (but on Oct 31, 1992, Vatican admits it was wrong)
01/08/1642-Galileo Galilei dies in Italy at age 77 in Italy
03/12/1737-Galileo Galilei's body moved to Church of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy 
 Contemporaries
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Galileo Galilei1564, Feb 151581
 
16381642, Jan 8

Thomas Digges1546 ca1572
 
15941595, Aug 24
 an English mathematician and astronomer. He was the first to expound the Copernican system in Eng...
George Hartgillunknown1590
 
 
1599unknown
 an English astronomer. Hartgill was in considerable repute during Elizabeth I's reign, from his k...
Tycho Brahe1546, Dec 141560
 
16011601, Oct24
  a Danish nobleman known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary observatio...
Johannes Fabricius1587, Jan 81611
 
 
16161616, Mar 19
 a Frisian/German astronomer and a discoverer of sunspots (in 1610), independently of Galileo Gali...
David Fabricius1564, Mar 91584
 
 
16171617, May 7
 a German pastor who made two major discoveries in the early days of telescopic astronomy, jointly...
Thomas Harriot1560 ca1580
 
16211621, Jul 2
 an English astronomer, mathematician, ethnographer, and translator. He is sometimes credited with...
Johann Bayer15721612
 
 
16251625, Mar 7
 a German lawyer and uranographer (celestial cartographer). He is primarily known for his work in ...
Edmund Gunter15811614
 
 
16261626, Dec 10
 an English clergyman, mathematician, geometer and astronomer of Welsh descent. He is best remembe...
Johannes Kepler1571, Dec 271594
 
 
16301630, Nov 15
 a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer. A key figure in the 17th century scientific r...
John Bainbridge15821618
 
 
16351643, Nov 3
 an English astronomer and mathematician. He wrote An Astronomical Description of the late Comet (...
Martin van den Hove16051628
 
16391639, Aug 7
 a Dutch astronomer and mathematician. Van den Hove developed a method for measuring the diameters...
Jeremiah Horrocks16181632
 
16401641, Jan 3
 an English astronomer, the first person to demonstrate that the Moon moved around the Earth in an...
Bonaventura Cavalieri15981632
 
16471647, Nov 30
 an Italian mathematician and a Jesuat. He is known for his work on the problems of optics and mot...
Godefroy Wendelin1580, Jun 61599
 
16521667, Oct 24
 a Flemish astronomer. The crater Vendelinus on the Moon is named after him. Around 1630 he measur...
Ismael Bullialdus1605, Sep 281632
 
16671694, Nov 25
 a famous astronomer and mathematician during the seventeenth century. He published several books,...
Giovanni Battista Riccioli1598, Apr 171628
 
16711671, Jun 25
 an Italian astronomer and a Catholic priest in the Jesuit order. He is known, among other things,...
Johannes Hevelius1611, Jan 281630
 
16831687, Jan 28
 an astronomer he gained a reputation as "the founder of lunar topography" and described ten new c...
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