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1580, Jun 61599-16521667, Oct 24
a Flemish astronomer. The crater Vendelinus on the Moon is named after him. Around 1630 he measured the distance between the Earth and the Sun using the method of Aristarchus of Samos. The value he calculated was 60% of the true value. Wendelinus was credited with recognizing that Kepler's third law applied to the satellites of Jupiter.
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Godefroy Wendelin1580, Jun 61599
 
16521667, Oct 24

Tycho Brahe1546, Dec 141560
 
16011601, Oct24
  a Danish nobleman known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary observatio...
Johannes Fabricius1587, Jan 81611
 
 
16161616, Mar 19
 a Frisian/German astronomer and a discoverer of sunspots (in 1610), independently of Galileo Gali...
David Fabricius1564, Mar 91584
 
16171617, May 7
 a German pastor who made two major discoveries in the early days of telescopic astronomy, jointly...
Thomas Harriot1560 ca1580
 
16211621, Jul 2
 an English astronomer, mathematician, ethnographer, and translator. He is sometimes credited with...
Johann Bayer15721612
 
 
16251625, Mar 7
 a German lawyer and uranographer (celestial cartographer). He is primarily known for his work in ...
Edmund Gunter15811614
 
 
16261626, Dec 10
 an English clergyman, mathematician, geometer and astronomer of Welsh descent. He is best remembe...
Johannes Kepler1571, Dec 271594
 
16301630, Nov 15
 a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer. A key figure in the 17th century scientific r...
John Bainbridge15821618
 
 
16351643, Nov 3
 an English astronomer and mathematician. He wrote An Astronomical Description of the late Comet (...
Galileo Galilei1564, Feb 151581
 
16381642, Jan 8
 an Italian astronomer, physicist, engineer, philosopher, and mathematician who played a major rol...
Martin van den Hove16051628
 
 
16391639, Aug 7
 a Dutch astronomer and mathematician. Van den Hove developed a method for measuring the diameters...
Jeremiah Horrocks16181632
 
 
16401641, Jan 3
 an English astronomer, the first person to demonstrate that the Moon moved around the Earth in an...
Bonaventura Cavalieri15981632
 
 
16471647, Nov 30
 an Italian mathematician and a Jesuat. He is known for his work on the problems of optics and mot...
Pierre Gassendi1592, Jan 221617
 
16531655, Oct 24
 a French philosopher, priest, scientist, astronomer, and mathematician. While he held a church po...
Ismael Bullialdus1605, Sep 281632
 
16671694, Nov 25
 a famous astronomer and mathematician during the seventeenth century. He published several books,...
Adrien Auzout1622, Jan 281640
 
16691691, May 23
 a French astronomer. Auzout made contributions in telescope observations, including perfecting th...
Giovanni Battista Riccioli1598, Apr 171628
 
16711671, Jun 25
 an Italian astronomer and a Catholic priest in the Jesuit order. He is known, among other things,...
Johannes Hevelius1611, Jan 281630
 
16831687, Jan 28
 an astronomer he gained a reputation as "the founder of lunar topography" and described ten new c...
Giovanni Cassini1625, Jun 81648
 
16831712, Sep 14
 an Italian mathematician, astronomer, astrologer and engineer, born in Perinaldo, known for his w...
Christiaan Huygens1629, Apr 141649
 
16931695, Jul 8
 a prominent Dutch mathematician, scientist, astronomer, physicist, probabilist and horologist. Hi...
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