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1642, Dec 251665-17261726, Mar 20
an English physicist and mathematician (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and as a key figure in the scientific revolution. His book Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica ("Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy"), first published in 1687, laid the foundations for classical mechanics. Newton made seminal contributions to optics, and he shares credit with Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz for the development of calculus.
 Timeline (7)
06/05/1661-Isaac Newton admitted as a student to Trinity College, Cambridge
07/07/1668-Isaac Newton receives MA from Trinity College, Cambridge 
02/08/1672-Isaac Newton reads first optics paper before Royal Society in London 
07/05/1687-Isaac Newton's Principia published by Royal Society in England
01/26/1697-Isaac Newton receives Johann Bernoulli's 6 month time-limit problem, solves problem before going to bed that same night
04/16/1705-Queen Anne of England knights Isaac Newton at Trinity College
04/15/1726-Isaac Newton tells a biographer the story of how an apple falling in his garden prompted him to develop his law of universal gravitation.
 Mentions (5)
Firmin Abauzit
...notable for proofreading or correcting the writings of Isaac Newton and other scholars.
Johannes Kepler
...These works also provided one of the foundations for Isaac Newton's theory of universal gravitation.
Godfrey Kneller
...Collection, London); a series of four portraits of Isaac Newton painted at various junctures of the latter's life;...
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
...differential and integral calculus independently of Isaac Newton. Leibniz's notation has been widely used ever since...
John Michael Rysbrack
...prominent men of his day, including the monument to Isaac Newton in Westminster Abbey, a statue of Marlborough, and...
 Quotes (7) • View in Quotations
Genius is patience.
I do not know what I may appear to the world, but to myself I seem to have been only like a boy playing on the seashore, and diverting myself in now and then finding a smoother pebble or a prettier shell than ordinary, whilst the great ocean of truth lay all undiscovered before me.
I see I have made my self a slave to Philosophy.
If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of giants.
Plato is my friend, Aristotle is my friend, but my greatest friend is truth.
To any action there is always an opposite and equal reaction; in other words, the actions of two bodies upon each other are always equal and always opposite in direction.
Truth is ever to be found in simplicity, and not in the multiplicity and confusion of things.
 Contemporaries
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Isaac Newton1642, Dec 251665
 
17261726, Mar 20

Ismael Bullialdus1605, Sep 281632
 
16671694, Nov 25
 a famous astronomer and mathematician during the seventeenth century. He published several books,...
Adrien Auzout1622, Jan 281640
 
16691691, May 23
 a French astronomer. Auzout made contributions in telescope observations, including perfecting th...
Giovanni Battista Riccioli1598, Apr 171628
 
16711671, Jun 25
 an Italian astronomer and a Catholic priest in the Jesuit order. He is known, among other things,...
Johannes Hevelius1611, Jan 281630
 
16831687, Jan 28
 an astronomer he gained a reputation as "the founder of lunar topography" and described ten new c...
Giovanni Cassini1625, Jun 81648
 
16831712, Sep 14
 an Italian mathematician, astronomer, astrologer and engineer, born in Perinaldo, known for his w...
Christoph Arnold1650, Dec 171683
 
 
16921695, Apr 15
 a German amateur astronomer. Born in Sommerfeld near Leipzig, Arnold was a farmer by profession. ...
Christiaan Huygens1629, Apr 141649
 
16931695, Jul 8
 a prominent Dutch mathematician, scientist, astronomer, physicist, probabilist and horologist. Hi...
John Flamsteed1646, Aug 191662
 
17191719, Dec 31
 an English astronomer and the first Astronomer Royal. Flamsteed accurately calculated the solar e...
Maria Margarethe Kirch1670, Feb 251690
 
 
17191720, Dec 29
 a German astronomer, and one of the first famous astronomers of her period due to her writings on...
Jiao Bingzhen16891700
 
17261726
 a noted painter and astronomer. In painting he is noteworthy as one of the first Qing dynasty pai...
Jacques d'Allonville1671, Jul 141692
 
17281732, Sep 10
 an astronomer and mathematician. He concluded in his measurements taken during his stay in Marsei...
Jacques Cassini1677, Feb 181696
 
17401756, Apr 16
 a French astronomer, son of the famous Italian astronomer Giovanni Domenico Cassini. He published...
Edmond Halley1656, Nov 81675
 
17421742, Jan 14
 an English astronomer, geophysicist, mathematician, meteorologist, and physicist who is best know...
Theodor Verhaegen1701, Jun 31720
 
17591759, Jul 25
 Very little is known about his life. He was born and died in Mechelen, though apparently worked i...
James Bradley1693, Mar1714
 
17621762, Jul 13
 an English astronomer and served as Astronomer Royal from 1742, succeeding Edmond Halley. He is b...
Joseph-Nicolas Delisle1688, Apr 41712
 
17631768, Sep 11
 a French astronomer and cartographer. From 1719 to 1722 he was employed at the Royal observatory,...
James Ferguson [3]1710, Apr 251720
 
17731776, Nov 17
  a Scottish astronomer, instrument and globe maker. It is, as the inventor and improver of astron...
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