1524, Oct 91586, Sep 18
reigned as Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1547 and Duke of Castro from 1545 until his death. Farnese attempted to seize Parma by force, and having failed, entered into negotiations with Ferrante Gonzaga. This rebellion on the part of his grandson is believed to have hastened the Pope's death on 10 November 1549. During the interregnum that followed, Ottavio again tried to induce the governor of Parma to give up the city to him, but met with no better success; however, on the election of Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte to the papacy as Julius III, the duchy was conferred on him in 1551.
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06/08/1551-Pope Julius III excommunicates Duke Ottavio Farnese of Parma 
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