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unknown1640s-1651unknown
the Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople for two periods (1644-1646, 1648-1651). There is very little additional information about the details of his life.
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Ecumenical Patriarchs of Constantinople:
Eastern Orthodox Catholic Church

Maximus IV (1491-1497): an Orthodox Christian monk and bishop. He was Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople from 1491 to 1497. He was previously the...
Nephon II (1497-1498): the Ecumenical Patriarch of the Church of Constantinople three times: from 1486 to 1488, from 1497 to 1498 and for a short time in 1502. He...
Joachim I (1498-1502): the Ecumenical Patriarch of the Church of Constantinople from 1498 to 1502 and for a short time in 1504. As Patriarch, Joachim was quite po...
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 Contemporaries
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Parthenius IIunknown1640
 
1651unknown

Richard Bernard15681598
 
16411641
 an English Puritan clergyman and writer. Barnard was a Calvinist Puritan, but a moderate one. Ber...
Edward Finchunknown1630
 
1641unknown
 an English Royalist divine. On 9 December 1630 Edward was admitted to the vicarage of Christ Chur...
Pope Urban VIII1568, Apr 51592
 
16441644, Jul 29
  Pope (Roman Catholic Church) from 1623 to his death in 1644. He expanded the papal territory by ...
Parthenius Iunknown1639
 
1644unknown
 Ecumenical Patriarch (1639-1644)*Church of Constantinople
William Laud1573, Oct 71601
 
16451645, Jan 10
 an English bishop and academic. He was the Archbishop of Canterbury for the Church of England fro...
Nikiphorosunknown1639
 
16451645, Apr
 Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria (1639-1645) for the Greek Orthodox Church. During his tenure as ...
Matthew IIIunknown1631
 
16461646, Mar 31
 the 100th Pope of Alexandria for the Coptic Orthodox Christian Church from 1631 to 1646 and Patri...
John Abbot1587/881623
 
16471650 ca
 an English Roman Catholic clergyman and poet. His birthplace is uncertain, but may have been Lond...
Thomas Edwards [2]1599 ca1625
 
16471647
 an English Puritan clergyman. He was a very influential preacher in London of the 1640s, and also...
Ibrahim I1615, Nov 51640
 
16481648, Aug 18
 the Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate from 1640 until 1648. Ibrahim...
Charles I1600, Nov 191625
 
16491649, Jan 30
 was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and Supreme Governor of the ...
Jasper Fisher15911630
 
1649unknown
 an English divine and dramatist. About 1631 (according to Anthony Wood) he became rector of Wilsd...
Naftali Hertzunknown1640
 
1649unknown
 a German rabbi, born in Frankfurt, author of the controversial work Emeq HaMelekh (Valley of the ...
Godefroy Wendelin1580, Jun 61599
 
16521667, Oct 24
 a Flemish astronomer. The crater Vendelinus on the Moon is named after him. Around 1630 he measur...
Athanasius III Patelarosunknown1634
 
1652unknown
 Ecumenical Patriarch (1634, 1635 and 1652)*Church of Constantinople
Pierre Gassendi1592, Jan 221617
 
16531655, Oct 24
 a French philosopher, priest, scientist, astronomer, and mathematician. While he held a church po...
Cardinal Jules Raymond Mazarin1602, Jul 141628
 
16531661, Mar 9
 an Italian cardinal, diplomat, and politician, who served as the Chief Minister to the King of Fr...
Theodore Tronchin1582, Apr 171608
 
16551657, Nov 19
 a Swiss Calvinist theologian, controversialist and Hebraist. He studied theology at Geneva, Basel...
Pope Innocent X1574, May 61626
 
16551655, Jan 7
  Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 15 September 1644 to his death in 1655. Born in Rome of ...
Paisius Iunknown1640
 
1655unknown
 a two-time Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople (August 1, 1652-April 1653, Marc...
Joannicius IIunknown1624
 
16561659/1660
 Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople four times from 1646 to 1656 (1646-1648; 1651-1652; 1653-1...
Pope Mark VIunknown1646
 
16561656, Apr 20
 the 101st Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark for the Coptic Orthodox Church. P...
David Pardo [1]1591 ca1610
 
16571657, Mar 15
 a Dutch rabbi and hakham. He was born at Salonica to Rabbi Joseph and Reina in the second half of...
Menasseh Ben Israel16041632
 
16571657, Nov 20
 a Portuguese rabbi, kabbalist, writer, diplomat, printer and publisher, founder of the first Hebr...
Ioannikiosunknown1645
 
16571657, Sep 15
 Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria (1645-1657) for the Greek Orthodox Church. During his tenure as ...
Oliver Cromwell1599, Apr 251628
 
16581658, Sep 3
 an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England,...
Gabriel IIunknown1648
 
16591659, Dec 3
  the Ecumenical Patriarch of for the Church of Constantinople for one week in 1657. In 1659 he wa...
Cyril IIIunknown1650
 
1659unknown
  the Ecumenical Patriarch of the Church of Constantinople for two short terms in 1652 and 1654. T...
Saul Levi Morteira1596 ca1616
 
16601660, Feb 10
 a Dutch rabbi of Portuguese descent. Morteira was the founder of the congregational school Keter ...
Lobsang Chökyi Gyalsten15701570
 
16621662
 the fourth Panchen Lama of the Gelug (Yellow Hat sect) school of Tibetan Buddhism from 1570-1662 ...
Robert Abbot [1]1588 ca1610
 
16621662 ca
 an English theologian who promoted puritan doctrines. He is sometimes mistakenly described as the...
William Aspinwallunknown1648
 
1662unknown
  a nonconformist English minister. He proceeded B.A. in 1657, but having obtained orders, went no...
William Juxon15821633
 
16631663, Jun 4
 an English churchman, Bishop of London from 1633 to 1649 and Archbishop of Canterbury from 1660 u...
John Wilkins1614, Feb 141637
 
16681672, Nov 19
 an Anglican clergyman, natural philosopher and author, and was one of the founders of the Royal S...
John Knowles [1]unknown1646
 
1668unknown
 an English antitrinitarian preacher, imprisoned in 1665. A short paper of arguments for the deity...
John Trapp1601, Jun 51622
 
16691669, Oct 16
 an English Anglican Bible commentator. His large five-volume commentary is still read today and i...
Edward Boys [2]15991630
 
16691667
 an English divine. Educated at Eton, he was elected a scholar of Corpus Christi College, Cambridg...
Giovanni Battista Riccioli1598, Apr 171628
 
16711671, Jun 25
 an Italian astronomer and a Catholic priest in the Jesuit order. He is known, among other things,...
Ascanio II Piccolomini15901629
 
16711671
 the archbishop of Siena from 1629 to 1671. Ascanio was a mathematics pupil of Bonaventura Cavalie...
William Broughunknown1630
 
16711671
 an English royalist churchman, Dean of Gloucester from 1643. Brough was a supporter of William La...
Ingen Ryuki1592, Dec 71620
 
16731673, May 19
 a Chinese Linji Chán Buddhist monk, poet, and calligrapher. He is most known for founding the Ob...
Giacomo Carissimi1605, Apr1623
 
16741674, Jan 12
 an Italian composer. He is one of the most celebrated masters of the early Baroque or, more accur...
Robert Herrick1591, Aug1623
 
16741674, Oct
 a 17th-century English lyric poet and cleric. He is best known for Hesperides, a book of poems. T...
Methodius IIIunknown1646
 
16791679
 the Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople in 1668–1671. Descended from Crete, ...
Thomas Watson [2]1620 ca1646
 
16791686
 an English, Nonconformist, Puritan preacher and author. He showed strong Presbyterian views durin...
Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso16171642
 
16821682
 the Fifth Dalai Lama of the Gelug (Yellow Hat Buddhism) of Tibet. Gyatso is credited with unifyin...
Mehmed IV1642, Jan 21648
 
16871693, Jan 6
 the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1648 to 1687. Taking the throne at age six, his ...
Pope Innocent XI1611, May 161650
 
16891689, Aug 12
 Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 21 September 1676 to his death in 1689. He is known as th...
Isaac Aboab da Fonseca1605, Feb 11623
 
16931693, Apr 4
 a rabbi, scholar, kabbalist and writer. In 1656, he was one of several elders within the Portugue...
Charles Albanel16161649
 
16961696, Jun 11
 a French missionary explorer in Canada, and a Jesuit priest. In 1649, he arrived in Canada at Tad...
Jacques-Benigne Bossuet1627, Sep 271643
 
17011704, Apr 12
 a French bishop and theologian, renowned for his sermons and other addresses. He has been conside...
Zanabazar Ondur gegeen Luvsadambiyjaltsanunknown1635
 
1723unknown
 1635-1723, Tibetan Buddhism, Mongolia; Buddhism
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