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16071626-16651665, Jan 12
a French lawyer at the Parlement of Toulouse, France, and a mathematician who is given credit for early developments that led to infinitesimal calculus, including his technique of adequality. In particular, he is recognized for his discovery of an original method of finding the greatest and the smallest ordinates of curved lines, which is analogous to that of differential calculus, then unknown, and his research into number theory. He made notable contributions to analytic geometry, probability, and optics. He is best known for Fermat's Last Theorem, which he described in a note at the margin of a copy of Diophantus' Arithmetica.
 Timeline (2)
12/25/1640-Pierre de Fermat writes to Marin Mersenne about Fermat's church thesis 
01/12/1665-French mathematician Pierre de Fermat dies
 Contemporaries
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Pierre de Fermat16071626
 
16651665, Jan 12

Johannes Kepler1571, Dec 271594
 
16301630, Nov 15
 a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer. A key figure in the 17th century scientific r...
Georg Baresch15851602
 
16391662
 a Czech antique collector and alchemist from Prague known for his connection to the Voynich manus...
Rene Descartes1596, Mar 311619
 
16501650, Feb 11
 a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist. Dubbed the father of modern western philosoph...
Pierre Gassendi1592, Jan 221617
 
16531655, Oct 24
 a French philosopher, priest, scientist, astronomer, and mathematician. While he held a church po...
Blaise Pascal1623, Jun 191642
 
 
16591662, Aug 19
 a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Christian philosopher. He was a child pro...
Thomas Browne1605, Oct 191637
 
16821682, Oct 19
 an English polymath and author of varied works which reveal his wide learning in diverse fields i...
Christiaan Huygens1629, Apr 141649
 
16931695, Jul 8
 a prominent Dutch mathematician, scientist, astronomer, physicist, probabilist and horologist. Hi...
Pierre Daniel Huet1630, Feb 81651
 
17211721, Jan 26
 a French churchman and scholar, editor of the Delphin Classics, founder of the Academie du Physiq...
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