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ExplorersMilitaryGovernance
borndied
1539 ca1583, Sep 9
Adventurer, explorer, member of parliament, and soldier, he served during the reign of Queen Elizabeth and was a pioneer of the English colonial empire in North America and the Plantations of Ireland. He was a half-brother of Sir Walter Raleigh (they had the same mother, Catherine Champernowne), and cousin of Sir Richard Grenville. Gilbert was one of the leading advocates for the mythical north-west passage to Cathay (present-day China), an area noted in great detail by Marco Polo in the 13th century for its abundance of riches.
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06/11/1578-England grants Humphrey Gilbert a patent to explore and colonize US 
08/05/1583-Sir Humphrey Gilbert claims Newfoundland (first English colony in North America)
03/25/1584-Sir Walter Raleigh renews Humphrey Gilbert's patent to explore North America 
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