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1588, Apr 51608-16751679, Dec 4
an English philosopher, best known today for his work on political philosophy. His 1651 book Leviathan established social contract theory, the foundation of most later Western political philosophy. In addition to political philosophy, Hobbes also contributed to a diverse array of other fields, including history, geometry, the physics of gases, theology, ethics, and general philosophy.
 Timeline (1)
07/19/1674-Court of Holland bans books of Thomas Hobbes/Spinoza/Meyer 
 Mentions (6)
Joseph Butler
...is known, among other things, for his critique of Thomas Hobbes's egoism and John Locke's theory of personal identity....
Robert Filmer
...Treatises of Government. Filmer also wrote critiques of Thomas Hobbes, John Milton, Hugo Grotius and Aristotle.
David Hume
...philosophy places him with John Locke, Francis Bacon, and Thomas Hobbes as a British Empiricist. Beginning with his...
Samuel Parker the Elder
...political position is often compared with that of Thomas Hobbes, but there are also clear differences; he was also...
Samuel von Pufendorf
...commentaries and revisions of the natural law theories of Thomas Hobbes and Hugo Grotius.
Matthew Wren
...monarchist who made qualified use of the ideas of Thomas Hobbes. He was fatally injured accompanying the duke at the...
 Quotes (15) • View in Quotations
...in the first place, I put for a general inclination of all mankind, a perpetual and restless desire of power after power, that ceaseth only in death.
Another doctrine repugnant to civil society, is that whatsoever a man does against his conscience, is sin; and it dependeth on the presumption of making himself judge of good and evil. For a man's conscience and his judgement are the same thing, and as the judgement, so also the conscience may be erroneous.
Corporations are may lesser commonwealths in the bowels of a greater, like worms in the entrails of a natural man.
During the time men live without a common power to keep them all in awe, they are in that conditions called war; and such a war, as if of every man, against every man.
For the laws of nature (as justice, equity, modesty, mercy, and, in sum, doing to others as we woud be done to) of themselves, without the terror of some power, to cause them to be observed, are contrary to our natural passions, that carry us to partiality, pride, revenge and the like.
I am about to take my last voyage, a great leap in the dark.
In these four things, opinion of ghosts, ignorance of second causes, devotions towards what men fear, and taking of things casual for prognostics, consisteth the natural seed of religion; which by reason of the different fancies, judgements, and passions of several men, hath grown up into ceremonies so different, that those which are used by one man, are for the most part rediculous to another.
Intemperance is naturally punished with diseases; rashness, with mischance; injustice; with violence of enemies; pride, with ruin; cowardice, with oppression; and rebellion, with slaughter.
Leisure is the mother of philosophy.
Man gives indifferent names to one and the same thing from the difference of their own passions; as they that approve a private opinion call it opinion; but they that mislike it, heresy: and yet heresy signifies no more than private opinion.
Moral philosophy is nothing else but the science of what is good, and evil, in the conversation, and society of mankind. Good, and evil, are names that signify our appetites, and aversions; which in different tempers, customs, and doctrines of men, are different.
No arts; no letters; no society; and which is worst of all, continual fear, and danger of violent death: and the life of man, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short.
The source of every crime, is some defect of the understanding; or some error in reasoning; or some sudden force of the passions.
To this war of every man against every man, this also in consequent; that nothing can be unjust. The notions of right and wrong, justice and injustice have there no place. Where there is no common power, there is no law, where no law, no injustice. Force, and fraud, are in war the cardinal virtues.
Words are wise men's counters, they do but reckon by them: but they are the money of fools, that value them by the authority of an Aristotle, a Cicero, or a Thomas, or any other doctor whatsoever, if but a man.
 Contemporaries
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Thomas Hobbes1588, Apr 51608
 
16751679, Dec 4

Al-Masfiwiunknown1570
 
1609unknown
 a poet in the time of Ahmad al-Mansur. The surviving poetry of al-Masfiwi can be found in Manahil...
William Phistonunknown1571
 
1609unknown
 an English translator and author. He describes himself as "a student of London", and had some lea...
Thomas Faleunknown1590
 
1609unknown
 an English mathematician. His only known publication is Horologiographia. (1593). It is dedicated...
Anthony Shirley15651590
 
16091637
 an English traveller, whose imprisonment in 1603 by King James I caused the English House of Comm...
Robert Allottunknown1600
 
1609unknown
 an Elizabethan editor of poetry who published the verse compilation England's Parnassus in 1600. ...
John Chalkhillunknown1600
 
1609unknown
 an English poet. Two songs by him are included in Izaak Walton's Compleat Angler, and in 1683 app...
Emanuel Fordunknown1600
 
1609unknown
 an Elizabethan romancer. There is very little information available about the details of his life...
Aindrais MacMarcuisunknown1600
 
1609unknown
 an Irish poet. There is little information available about his life or career. MacMarcuis is main...
Fear Feasa O'n Chainteunknown1600
 
1609unknown
 an Irish poet. Native of Munster, and a member of the Ó an Cháintighe bardic family. Very littl...
Stavrianos Vistiarisunknown1600
 
1609unknown
 a Greek poet born in the village of Malcani, in modern Sarande District, a region of Albania that...
Thomas Wright [1]unknown1600
 
1609unknown
 an English writer, a protégé of Henry Wriothesley, third earl of Southampton, who had travelled...
Robert Yaringtonunknown1600
 
1609unknown
 an English Playwright, most famous for his two Tragedies. They were printed for Matthew Law, and ...
Thomas Bell15511573
 
1610unknown
 an English Roman Catholic priest, and later an anti-Catholic writer. He was mentioned in 1592 as ...
Lochlann Og O Dalaighunknown1610
 
 
1610unknown
 an early modern Irish poet. A native of Munster and a member of the Ó Dálaigh clan of poets, he...
William Fowler1560 ca1581
 
16121612
 a Scottish poet, writer, courtier, and translator. Fowler was part of a literary circle around Ki...
Richard Hakluyt15531583
 
16121616, Nov 23
 an English writer. He is known for promoting the British colonisation of North America by the Eng...
William Shakespeare1564 ca1585
 
16131616
 an English poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English lan...
Sir Thomas Overbury15811601
 
16131613, Sep 14
 an English poet and essayist, also known for being the victim of a murder which led to a scandalo...
Vincenzo Scamozzi1548, Sep 21568
 
16141616, Aug 7
 an Italian architect and a writer on architecture, active mainly in Vicenza and Republic of Venic...
Mary Sidney1561, Oct 271575
 
16151621, Sep 25
 one of the first English women to achieve a major reputation for her poetry and literary patronag...
Miguel de Cervantes1547, Sep 291569
 
16161616, Apr 22
 a Spanish writer who is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the Spanish language and one of...
Pieter Cornelisz van der Morsch15431598
 
16161628
 a man in Leiden best known today for his portrait that was painted by Frans Hals in 1616. He was ...
Lughaidh O Cleirighunknown1603
 
1616unknown
  an Irish Gaelic poet and historian. He is best known today as the author of Beatha Aodha Ruaidh ...
Sir Henry Mainwaring15871610
 
 
16161653
 an English lawyer, soldier, author, seaman and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 16...
Franz Schmidt15551573
 
16171634
 an executioner in Hof from 1573 to April 1578, and from 1 May 1578 till the end of 1617 execution...
John Thornborough15511593
 
16171641
 an English bishop. In a long ecclesiastical career, he was employed as a chaplain by the Earl of ...
Thomas Coryat1577 ca1603
 
16171617
 an English traveller and writer of the late Elizabethan and early Jacobean age. He is principally...
Sir Walter Raleigh1554 ca1569
 
16181618, Oct 29
 an English landed gentleman, writer, poet, soldier, politician, courtier, spy, and explorer. He i...
Thomas Ashe [1]unknown1600
 
1618unknown
 an English legal writer. Ashe entered as a student of Gray's Inn in 1574, was called to the bar 2...
Thomas Bretnorunknown1600
 
1619unknown
 an almanac maker. Bretnor calls himself on the title-page of one of his almanacs 'student in astr...
Emilia Lanier1569, Jan 271600
 
16191645, Apr 3
 the first Englishwoman to assert herself as a professional poet through her single volume of poem...
John Andrews [1]unknown1610
 
 
1619unknown
 an English poet. Andrews was the author of a poem called the ‘Anatomie of Basenesse’ (1615), ...
Robert Antonunknown1610
 
 
1619unknown
 an English poet and satirist. A unique quarto prose tract of Anton's, in black letter, entitled M...
Henry Austin [1]unknown1610
 
 
1619unknown
 an English poet postulated by Alexander Balloch Grosart as author of The Scourge of Venus, or the...
Yusuf Biscainounknown1610
 
 
1619unknown
 a Morisco in the service of the Moroccan Sultan Mulay Zidan. He was sent as an ambassador to the ...
Robert Carliellunknown1610
 
 
1619unknown
 an English poet. Carliell is remembered mainly for a verse defence of the new Church of England a...
Edmond Graileunknown1610
 
 
1619unknown
 an English poet and physician. Graile was born at Gloucester about 1577. He matriculated at Magda...
Samuel Ridunknown1610
 
 
1619unknown
  the author of The Art of Jugling or Legerdemaine (1612), an apparent sequel to Martin Markall, B...
Joseph Swetnamunknown1610
 
 
16191621
 a Renaissance pamphleteer and Jacobean fencing master. He is best known for his misogynistic auth...
Kyrillos III Loukarisunknown1601
 
1620unknown
 Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria for the Greek Orthodox Church (1601-1620). He co-authored many l...
Thomas Harriot1560 ca1580
 
16211621, Jul 2
 an English astronomer, mathematician, ethnographer, and translator. He is sometimes credited with...
William Strachey1572, Apr 41605
 
16211621, Jun 21
 an English writer whose works are among the primary sources for the early history of the English ...
Richard Argallunknown1621
 
 
1621unknown
 a poet, of whom little is known, and whose existence is disputed. His name appears on the title-p...
Pedro Paez15641589
 
16221622, May 25
 a Spanish Jesuit missionary in Ethiopia. Páez is considered by many experts on Ethiopia to be th...
Ottavio Codognounknown1599
 
1623unknown
 the deputy postmaster general of the Duchy of Milan and author of an extensive guidebook to the p...
John Brinsley the Elderunknown1581
 
1624unknown
 an English schoolmaster, known for his educational works. His best-known work is Ludus Literarius...
George Chapman1559 ca1596
 
16241634, May 12
 an English dramatist, translator, and poet. He was a classical scholar whose work shows the influ...
Ericus Erici Sorolainen15461583
 
16251625
  a Finnish Lutheran bishop, a Bishop of Turku from 1583 to 1625 as the successor to Paulus Juuste...
King James I1566, Jun 191603
 
16251625, Mar 27
  King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland (and Supreme Head...
John Fletcher [1]1579, Dec1606
 
16251625, Aug
 a Jacobean playwright. Following William Shakespeare as house playwright for the King's Men, he w...
Willem Schouten1567 ca1615
 
 
16251625
 a Dutch navigator for the Dutch East India Company. He was the first to sail the Cape Horn route ...
Francis Bacon1561, Jan 221579
 
16261626, Apr 9
 an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, essayist and author. He served both...
Robert Naunton15631606
 
16261635, Mar 27
 an English writer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1606 an...
Thomas Smith [1]unknown1600
 
1627unknown
 an English soldier. Smith as he styles himself on the title-page of the first edition (4to, 1600)...
John Preston1587, Oct1611
 
 
16271628, Jul 20
 an Anglican cleric and master of Emmanuel College, Cambridge. About 1611, the year in which he co...
Samuel Rowlands1573 ca1598
 
16281630
 an English author of pamphlets in prose and verse, which reflect the follies and humours of lower...
George Silverunknown1550
 
1629unknown
 a gentleman of England during the late 16th and early 17th centuries, who is known for his writin...
Johannes Buxtorf1564, Dec 251589
 
16291629, Sep 13
 a celebrated Hebraist, member of a family of Orientalists; professor of Hebrew for thirty-nine ye...
Oliver Almondunknown1590
 
1629unknown
 a Roman Catholic priest and writer, born in the diocese of Oxford. He is believed by Foley to hav...
Thomas Beardunknown1590
 
16291632
 an English clergyman and theologian, of Puritan views. He is known as the author of The Theatre o...
Nicolas de Cardonaunknown1610
 
 
1629unknown
 a Spanish entrepreneur and adventurer with residence in Seville, who was involved in the explorat...
John Ashmoreunknown1620
 
 
1629unknown
  the first who attempted a translation into English of selected odes of Horace. In 1621 he publis...
Alonso Fernandez de Avellanedaunknown1620
 
 
1629unknown
 the pseudonym of a man who wrote a sequel to Miguel de Cervantes' Don Quixote. The identity of Fe...
Diego Beltran Hidalgounknown1620
 
 
1629unknown
  a seventeenth century Spanish Marrano poet. The son of a Jew from Murcia, he was noted as an edi...
Patrick Scotunknown1620
 
 
1629unknown
 a Scottish official, tutor and author. He followed James VI of Scotland to England on his accessi...
Johannes Kepler1571, Dec 271594
 
16301630, Nov 15
 a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer. A key figure in the 17th century scientific r...
Edmund Howesunknown1607
 
1631unknown
 an English chronicler. Howes lived in London, and designated himself "gentleman". Undeterred by J...
Randle Cotgraveunknown1590
 
16321634
 an English lexicographer who in 1611 compiled and published A Dictionarie of the French and Engli...
Henry Wotton1568, Mar 301588
 
16331639, Dec
 an English author, diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1614 and 1625. Of 2...
John Harrison [1]unknown1610
 
 
1633unknown
 an English representative in Morocco in the 17th century. James I of England sent John Harrison t...
George Abbot1562, Oct 191611
 
 
16331633, Aug 5
 an English divine who was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1611 to 1633 for the Church of England. H...
Felix Lope de Vega1562, Nov 251594
 
16341635, Aug 27
 a Spanish playwright, poet and novelist. He was one of the key figures in the Spanish Golden Cent...
John Marston1576, Oct 71598
 
16341634, Jun 25
 an English poet, playwright and satirist during the late Elizabethan and Jacobean periods. His ca...
Geoffrey Keating1569 ca1603
 
16341644 ca
 a 17th-century historian. He was born in County Tipperary, Ireland, and is buried in Tubrid Grave...
Patrick Andersonunknown1618
 
 
1635unknown
 a physician and author. Anderson was the author of ‘The Colde Spring of Kinghorne Craig’ (161...
Peregrine O Duibhgeannainunknown1627
 
 
1636unknown
 an Irish historian and chronicler. Nothing is known of his life and activities until he began wor...
Seamus O Siaghailunknown1636
 
 
1636unknown
 an Irish scribe. Ó Siaghail was a member of the Ó Siadhail bardic family that had lived in Uí ...
Fearfeasa O'Mulconryunknown1636
 
 
1636unknown
 an Irish chronicler. He contributed to The Annals of the Four Masters. He belonged to a family of...
William Alabaster1567, Feb 271592
 
16371640, Apr 28
 an English poet, playwright, and religious writer. He became a Roman Catholic convert in Spain wh...
Ben Jonson1572, Jun 111598
 
16371637, Aug 6
 an English playwright, poet, actor and literary critic of the 17th century, whose artistry exerte...
Robert Fludd1574, Jan 171605
 
16371637, Sep 8
 a prominent English Paracelsian physician with both scientific and occult interests. He is rememb...
Galileo Galilei1564, Feb 151581
 
16381642, Jan 8
 an Italian astronomer, physicist, engineer, philosopher, and mathematician who played a major rol...
Johann Heinrich Alsted1588, Mar1608
 
16381638, Nov 9
 a German Calvinist minister and academic, known for his varied interests: in Ramism and Lullism, ...
Nicholas Bradshaweunknown1630
 
 
1639unknown
 an English writer. Very little is known about the details of his life. He was a fellow of Balliol...
Robert Beaumontunknown1639
 
 
1639unknown
 Master of Trinity College Cambridge from 1561 to 1567 and twice Vice-Chancellor of the University...
Xu Xiake1587, Jan 51607
 
16401641, Mar 8
 a Chinese travel writer and geographer of the Ming Dynasty, known best for his famous geographica...
Richard Bernard15681598
 
16411641
 an English Puritan clergyman and writer. Barnard was a Calvinist Puritan, but a moderate one. Ber...
Edward Finchunknown1630
 
 
1641unknown
 an English Royalist divine. On 9 December 1630 Edward was admitted to the vicarage of Christ Chur...
James Shirley1596, Sep1625
 
 
16421666, Oct
 an English dramatist. He belonged to the great period of English dramatic literature, but, in Lam...
Sir John Suckling1609, Feb 101631
 
 
16421642 ca
 an English poet and a prominent figure among those renowned for careless gaiety and wit, the acco...
Charles de Valois1573, Apr 281589
 
16431650, Sep 24
 a French royal bastard, count of Auvergne, duke of Angoulême, and memoirist. Charles de Valois w...
Joseph Hall1574, Jul 11597
 
16431656, Sep 8
 an English bishop, satirist and moralist. His contemporaries knew him as a devotional writer, and...
Francisco Pacheco15711611
 
 
16441654
 a Spanish painter, best known as the teacher and father-in-law of Diego Velázquez and Alonzo Can...
Hugo Grotius1583, Apr 101599
 
16451645, Aug 28
 a Dutch jurist. Along with the earlier works of Francisco de Vitoria and Alberico Gentili, Grotiu...
John Abbot1587/881623
 
 
16471650 ca
 an English Roman Catholic clergyman and poet. His birthplace is uncertain, but may have been Lond...
Thomas Edwards [2]1599 ca1625
 
 
16471647
 an English Puritan clergyman. He was a very influential preacher in London of the 1640s, and also...
Feardorcha O Meallainunknown1641
 
 
1647unknown
 an Irish poet the reputed author of An Díbirt go Connachta. He is said to have been a Franciscan...
Matthew Hopkins1620 ca1644
 
 
16471647, Aug 12
 an English witch-hunter whose career flourished during the English Civil War. He claimed to hold ...
Anthony Knivetunknown1591
 
1649unknown
 an English sailor who fell into Portuguese hands in Brazil, lived for a while with a native Brazi...
Fearfeasa O Maol Chonaireunknown1620
 
 
1649unknown
 co-compiler and scribe of the Annals of the Four Masters. As a young man, he participated in the ...
Andre du Ryer1580 ca1630
 
 
16491660/1672
 a French orientalist who wrote the third western translation of the Qur'an. He was a diplomatic a...
Jasper Fisher15911630
 
 
1649unknown
 an English divine and dramatist. About 1631 (according to Anthony Wood) he became rector of Wilsd...
William Druryunknown1640
 
 
1649unknown
 an English dramatist. Drury was an English gentleman "of singular parts and learning". He was for...
Edmund Gregory1615 ca1640
 
 
1649unknown
 an English author. The son of Henry Gregory, rector of, and benefactor to, Sherrington, Wiltshire...
Naftali Hertzunknown1640
 
 
1649unknown
 a German rabbi, born in Frankfurt, author of the controversial work Emeq HaMelekh (Valley of the ...
Anna Humeunknown1640
 
 
1649unknown
 a Scottish translator, poet and writer. Controversy surrounded her publication of History of the ...
James Yorkeunknown1640
 
 
1649unknown
 an English heraldic writer. He wrote a compilation on heraldry and genealogy that appeared in fol...
Rene Descartes1596, Mar 311619
 
 
16501650, Feb 11
 a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist. Dubbed the father of modern western philosoph...
Niccolo Cabeo1586, Feb 261620
 
 
16501650, Jun 30
 an Italian Jesuit philosopher, theologian, engineer and mathematician. He is noted for his contri...
Tarlach O Meallainunknown1641
 
 
1650unknown
 an Irish Franciscan, author of Cín Lae Uí Mhealláin. Tarlach was the chaplain to Felim O'Neill...
Richard Eltonunknown1650
 
 
1650unknown
 an English military writer. Elton was the author of The compleat Body of the Art Military. . .. T...
Agneta Horn1629, Aug 181650
 
 
16501672, Mar 18
 a Swedish writer born to noble parents and a military father. She traveled a great deal throughou...
John Selden1584, Dec 161612
 
 
16521654, Nov 30
 an English jurist and a scholar of England's ancient laws and constitution and scholar of Jewish ...
John Smith [3]16181644
 
 
16521652, Aug 7
 an English philosopher, theologian, and educator. Smith entered Emmanuel College, Cambridge, in 1...
Pierre Gassendi1592, Jan 221617
 
 
16531655, Oct 24
 a French philosopher, priest, scientist, astronomer, and mathematician. While he held a church po...
Theodore Tronchin1582, Apr 171608
 
16551657, Nov 19
 a Swiss Calvinist theologian, controversialist and Hebraist. He studied theology at Geneva, Basel...
Edward Fisherunknown1627
 
 
1655unknown
 an English theological writer. He is generally considered the author of The Marrow of Modern Divi...
Johann Heinrich Bisterfeld16051629
 
 
16551655, Feb 16
 a German philosopher, logician and encyclopedic writer from Siegen. A follower of Ramus and pupil...
Margherita Costa1600 ca1628
 
 
16571657
 a singer, poet, playwright and feminist, is the most Baroque of the seventeenth-century Italian w...
Menasseh Ben Israel16041632
 
 
16571657, Nov 20
 a Portuguese rabbi, kabbalist, writer, diplomat, printer and publisher, founder of the first Hebr...
Henry Cockeramunknown1623
 
 
1658unknown
 an English lexicographer. In 1623, he authored the third known English Language dictionary, and t...
Henry Robinson1604 ca1640
 
 
16591664 ca
 an English merchant and writer. He is best known for a work on religious toleration, Liberty of C...
Blaise Pascal1623, Jun 191642
 
 
16591662, Aug 19
 a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Christian philosopher. He was a child pro...
Richard Balamunknown1650
 
 
1659unknown
 an English mathematician. Balam was the author of Algebra, or the Doctrine of composing, inferrin...
Richard Whitlockunknown1650
 
 
1659unknown
 Author of the satirical book 'Zootomia', published in 1654.
Saul Levi Morteira1596 ca1616
 
 
16601660, Feb 10
 a Dutch rabbi of Portuguese descent. Morteira was the founder of the congregational school Keter ...
Claude Lancelot1615 ca1638
 
 
16601695
 Born in Paris, later to become a Jansenist monk and grammarian. Helped to establish the Petites ...
Nathaniel Bacon [3]1593, Dec 121645
 
 
16601660
 an English Puritan lawyer, writer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times...
William Randunknown1650
 
 
1660unknown
 an English physician who projected general reforms in medical education, practice and publication...
Thomas Fuller16081630
 
 
16611661, Aug 16
 an English churchman and historian. He is now remembered for his writings, particularly his Worth...
Laurence Clarkson16151646
 
 
16611667
 an English theologian and accused heretic. He was the most outspoken and notorious of the loose c...
Robert Abbot [1]1588 ca1610
 
 
16621662 ca
 an English theologian who promoted puritan doctrines. He is sometimes mistakenly described as the...
William Aspinwallunknown1648
 
 
1662unknown
  a nonconformist English minister. He proceeded B.A. in 1657, but having obtained orders, went no...
Isobel Gowdieunknown1662
 
 
1662unknown
 a Scottish woman who was tried for witchcraft in 1662. Her detailed confession, apparently achiev...
Cu Choigcriche O Cleirighunknown1624
 
 
1664unknown
 an Irish historian and genealogist, known in English as Peregrine O'Clery. Along with Brother Mí...
Mildmay Fane1602, Jan 241621
 
 
16661666, Feb 12
 an English nobleman, politician, and writer. One hundred and thirty seven poems by Fane appeared ...
William Day1605 ca1624
 
 
16661684
 an English cleric and biblical commentator. He received his education at Eton College. He was ele...
Jean Ogier de Gombauld15761624
 
 
16661666
 a French playwright and poet. Gombauld was born in Saint-Just-Luzac, Charente-Maritime and was a ...
Ismael Bullialdus1605, Sep 281632
 
 
16671694, Nov 25
 a famous astronomer and mathematician during the seventeenth century. He published several books,...
Pope Alexander VII1599, Feb 131655
 
 
16671667, May 22
 Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 7 April 1655 to his death in 1667. Alexander VII dislike...
Pierre Corneille1606,Jun 61629
 
 
16681684, Oct 1
 a French tragedian. He is generally considered one of the three great seventeenth-century French ...
Jean-Baptiste Tavernier16051630
 
 
16681689
 a 17th-century French gem merchant and traveler. Tavernier, a private individual and merchant tra...
John Wilkins1614, Feb 141637
 
 
16681672, Nov 19
 an Anglican clergyman, natural philosopher and author, and was one of the founders of the Royal S...
John Knowles [1]unknown1646
 
 
1668unknown
 an English antitrinitarian preacher, imprisoned in 1665. A short paper of arguments for the deity...
John Trapp1601, Jun 51622
 
 
16691669, Oct 16
 an English Anglican Bible commentator. His large five-volume commentary is still read today and i...
William Prynne16001627
 
 
16691669, Oct 24
 an English lawyer, author, polemicist, and political figure. He was a prominent Puritan opponent ...
John Webb16111628
 
 
16691672, Oct 24
 an English architect and scholar. In 1654 Webb designed the first classical portico on an English...
Madeleine de Souvre15991640
 
 
16691678, Jan 16
 a French writer, was the daughter of Gilles de Souvré, marquis de Courtenvaux, tutor of Louis X...
Robert Bayfield16291650
 
 
1669unknown
 an English physician. He was born in Norwich and wrote with much energy on both religious and med...
Sarah Blackborowunknown1650
 
 
1669unknown
 the author of tracts that strongly influenced Quaker thinking on social problems and the theologi...
Benjamin Agusunknown1660
 
 
1669unknown
 an English divine, and was one of the most distinguished of the earlier vindicators of the noncon...
Antoine Baudeau de Somaize1630 ca1660
 
 
1669unknown
  a secretary to Marie Mancini, niece of Cardinal Mazarin. There is not much information known abo...
William Broughunknown1630
 
 
16711671
 an English royalist churchman, Dean of Gloucester from 1643. Brough was a supporter of William La...
Dubhaltach Mac Fhirbhisighunknown1640
 
 
1671unknown
 an Irish scribe, translator, historian and genealogist. He was one of the last traditionally trai...
Moise Vauquelinunknown1650
 
 
1672unknown
 An officer under Francois l'Ollonais, he also had a partnership with Pierre Le Picard. In his lat...
Ingen Ryuki1592, Dec 71620
 
 
16731673, May 19
 a Chinese Linji Chán Buddhist monk, poet, and calligrapher. He is most known for founding the Ob...
Adam Vaclav Michna z Otradovic1600, Jun 301633
 
 
16731676, Oct 16
 a Czech Catholic aristocrat, poet, composer, hymn writer, organist and choir leader of the early ...
Salvator Rosa1615, Jun 20/Jul 211634
 
 
16731673, Mar 15
 an Italian Baroque painter, poet, and printmaker, who was active in Naples, Rome, and Florence. A...
Moliere1622, Jan 151643
 
 
16731673, Feb 17
 a French playwright and actor who is considered to be one of the greatest masters of comedy in We...
Robert Herrick1591, Aug1623
 
 
16741674, Oct
 a 17th-century English lyric poet and cleric. He is best known for Hesperides, a book of poems. T...
John Milton1608, Dec 91623
 
 
16741674, Nov 8
 an English poet, polemicist, and man of letters, and a civil servant for the Commonwealth of Engl...
Lucidor16381669
 
 
16741674, Aug 13
 a Swedish baroque poet. He is remembered for his burlesque poetry that is seen as foreshadowing t...
Roger Williams1603, Dec 21 ca1628
 
16761683, Jan-Mar
 a Puritan, an English Reformed theologian, and later a Reformed Baptist who was expelled by the P...
Gian Lorenzo Bernini1598, Dec 71609
 
16781680, Nov 28
 an Italian artist and a prominent architect who worked principally in Rome. He was the leading sc...
Thomas Adyunknown1630
 
1679unknown
 an English physician and humanist who was the author of three sceptical books on witchcraft and w...
Thomas Watson [2]1620 ca1646
 
16791686
 an English, Nonconformist, Puritan preacher and author. He showed strong Presbyterian views durin...
Henry Fellunknown1650
 
1679unknown
 a Quaker missionary and writer. The first mention of him is in 1656 as suffering much from the ma...
Zhang Renxiunknown1670
 
1679unknown
 a noted Chinese poetical critic, who flourished in the 17th century. He was the author of the Ouw...
Denzil Holles1599, Oct 311624
 
16801680, Feb 17
 an English statesman and writer, best known as one of the Five Members whose attempted unconstitu...
William Robertsonunknown1650
 
1680unknown
 a Scottish Hebraist. He was educated at Edinburgh University, taught Hebrew in London from 1653...
Thomas Browne1605, Oct 191637
 
16821682, Oct 19
 an English polymath and author of varied works which reveal his wide learning in diverse fields i...
Uilliam O Duinninunknown1670
 
1682unknown
 an Irish scribe. Not much is known about him. The son of Domhnall Óg Ó Duinnín, Uilliam was th...
Guarino Guarini1624, Jan 71648
 
16831683, Mar 6
 an Italian architect of the Piedmontese Baroque and Theatine priest, mathematician, and writer. H...
John Archerunknown1660
 
1684unknown
 a court physician in the reign of Charles II. Of his origin nothing is certainly known; but he wa...
Edmund Waller1606, Mar 31624
 
16861687, Oct 21
 an English poet and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1624 and ...
Basil Ringroseunknown1653
 
1686unknown
 surgeon and cartographer ……runaway indentured servant who joined Bartholomew Sharp's "Pacific...
Ferghal Dubh O Gadhraunknown1655
 
1686+unknown
 an Irish cleric and scribe. O Gadhra was the compiler of the O Gara Manuscript (now RIA MS 23 F 1...
John Bunyan1628, Nov1644
 
16881688, Aug 31
 an English writer and Baptist preacher best remembered as the author of the Christian allegory Th...
Anna Weamysunknown1650
 
1688unknown
 an English author. Weamys has been identified as the author of A Continuation of Sir Philip Sydne...
Elizabeth Cellierunknown1668
 
1688unknown
 a notable Catholic midwife in seventeenth-century England. She stood trial for treason in 1679 fo...
Aphra Behn1640, Dec 14 ca1670
 
16881689, Apr 16
 a British playwright, poet, translator and fiction writer from the Restoration era. As one of the...
Claude Bendierunknown1670
 
16891677
 a doctor of the Sorbonne, canon of Saint-Quentin, Aisne, and a well-known French bibliophile. Bor...
John Bradshawunknown1670
 
1689unknown
 an English criminal and supposed political writer. He was the son of Alban Bradshaw, an attorney,...
Jasper Danckaerts1639, May 71670
 
16891703 ca
 the founder of a colony of Labadists along the Bohemia River in Maryland. He was a cooper, and wa...
Colonel Cuthbert Potter1637 ca1653
 
16901691
 Born in England and died in Barbados. He practiced law in Lancaster County, Virginia, as early as...
Rhys Cadwaladrunknown1666
 
16901690
 a Welsh language poet and classical scholar, born in Conwy, north Wales. Died in 1690. He wrote a...
Michael Wigglesworth16311651
 
16911705
 a Puritan minister, doctor and poet whose poem The Day of Doom was a bestseller in early New Engl...
Samuel Pepys1633, Feb 231655
 
16911703, May 26
 an English naval administrator and Member of Parliament who is now most well known for the diary ...
John Evelyn1620, Oct 311640
 
16941706, Feb 27
 an English writer, gardener and diarist. Evelyn's diaries, or memoirs, are largely contemporaneou...
Matsuo Basho16441662
 
16941694
 the most famous poet of the Edo period in Japan. During his lifetime, Bash? was recognized for hi...
Daibhidh O Duibhgheannainunknown1651
 
1696unknown
 an active Iriish scribe, compiler and poet between the years 1651 and 1696. In the earliest of hi...
Edward Phillips1630, Aug1651
 
16961696 ca
 an English author. His most important work is Theatrum poetarum (1675), a list of the chief poets...
Marie de Rabutin-Chantal1626, Feb 51651
 
16961696, Apr 17
 a French aristocrat, remembered for her letter-writing. Most of her letters, celebrated for their...
Robert Andersonunknown1668
 
1696unknown
 an English mathematician and silk-weaver. He wrote articles and books devoting special attention...
William Wycherley1641 ca1659
 
16971716, Jan 1
 an English dramatist of the Restoration period, best known for the plays The Country Wife and The...
Gaspar Sanz16401660
 
16971710
 an Aragonese composer, guitarist, organist and priest born to a wealthy family in Calanda in the ...
Alexandre-Olivier Exquemelin16451669
 
16971707
 a French, Dutch or Flemish writer best known as the author of one of the most important sourceboo...
Thomas Neale16411664
 
16981699
 an English project-manager and politician who was also the first person to hold a position equiva...
John Fryer1650 ca1671
 
16981733, Mar 31
 an English doctor and Fellow of the Royal Society, now best remembered for his descriptions of tr...
Constantin Christian Dedekind1628, Apr 21652
 
16991715
 a German poet, dramatist, librettist, composer and bass singer of the Baroque era. His 1657 songb...
Joan Baptista Aguilarunknown1655
 
16991714
 a dramatic author and poet who lived in Valencia, Spain from his birth until his death in 1714. I...
Jacques-Benigne Bossuet1627, Sep 271643
 
17011704, Apr 12
 a French bishop and theologian, renowned for his sermons and other addresses. He has been conside...
Roger L'Estrange1616, Dec 171639
 
17021704, Dec 11
 an English pamphleteer, author and staunch defender of Royalist claims. L'Estrange was involved i...
Philipp Spener1635, Jan 131653
 
17021705, Feb 5
 a German Christian theologian known as the "Father of Pietism." Highly influenced by Johann Arndt...
John Locke1632, Aug 291660
 
17041704, Oct 28
 an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlighten...
Estephan El Douaihy1630, Aug 21670
 
17041704, May 3
 He was the 57th Patriarch of the Maronite Church from 1670 to 1704. He is considered one of the m...
Nicolas Boileau-Despreaux1636, Nov 11656
 
17111711, Mar 13
 a French poet and critic. Boileau did much to reform the prevailing form of French poetry, as Bla...
Francisco de Artiga16501670
 
17111711
 an engraver, an architect, a mathematician, and an author of reputation. He painted several 'Siby...
Haquin Spegel1645, Jun 141670
 
17141714, Apr 17
 a religious author and hymn writer who held several bishop's seats for the Lutheran Swedish Churc...
William Dampier1651, Sep1673
 
17151715, Mar
 the first Englishman to explore parts of what is today Australia, and the first person to circumn...
Willem Sewel1653, Apr1668
 
17201720, Mar
 a Dutch Quaker historian, of English background. He was son of Jacob Williamson Sewel, a free cit...
Pierre Daniel Huet1630, Feb 81651
 
17211721, Jan 26
 a French churchman and scholar, editor of the Delphin Classics, founder of the Academie du Physiq...
Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach1656, Jul 201671
 
17231723, Apr 5
 an Austrian architect, sculptor, and architectural historian whose Baroque architecture profoundl...
Isaac Newton1642, Dec 251665
 
17261726, Mar 20
 an English physicist and mathematician (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who ...
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