1743, May 201803, Apr 7
the best-known leader of the Haitian Revolution. His military and political acumen saved the gains of the first Black insurrection in November 1791. He first fought for the Spanish against the French; then for France against Spain and Great Britain; and finally, for Saint-Domingue against Napoleonic France. He then helped transform the insurgency into a revolutionary movement, which by 1800 had turned Saint-Domingue, the most prosperous slave colony of the time, into the first free colonial society to have explicitly rejected race as the basis of social ranking.
 Gallery (1)

 Timeline (4)
05/06/1794-Haiti, under Toussaint Louverture, revolts against Spain, joins the French forces
07/07/1801-Toussaint Louverture declares Haitian independence
06/15/1802-Toussaint Louverture and family leave Haiti, prisoners on the French ship Heros
08/25/1802-Toussaint Louverture imprisoned in Fort de Joux, Jura, France
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