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1766, Feb 191783-18341839, Sep 28
a pioneer of American theater. He was a producer, playwright, and actor, as well as a historian. He managed two of New York's earliest and most prominent theaters, the John Street Theatre (from 1796–98) and the Park Theatre (from 1798–1805). He was also an artist, despite losing an eye in childhood. In his lifetime he produced more than sixty plays, most of which were adaptations or translations from French or German works. A few were original: these were based on American themes and had American characters. However, he is best known for his encyclopedic three-volume History of the Rise and Progress of the Arts of Design in the United States, which was published in 1834, and which is now an invaluable source of information about artists, collecting, and artistic life generally in the colonial and federal periods.
 Timeline (1)
02/04/1803-William Dunlap adapts French melodrama Voice of Nature
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William Dunlap1766, Feb 191783
 
18341839, Sep 28

Aert Schouman1710, Mar 41735
 
17851792, May 7
 an 18th-century painter from the Northern Netherlands. Schouman was a leading artist in Zeeland b...
Andres de la Calleja1705, Dec 61740
 
17851785, Jan 2
 a Spanish painter, born at Rioja. He was so successful in his early efforts that he was soon appo...
Benjamin Calau17241743
 
17851785
 a German portrait painter, who used an encaustic technique. He painted some portraits for Johann ...
Patience Wright17251770
 
17851786, Mar 23
 the first recognized American-born sculptor. She chiefly created wax figures of people. She loved...
Richard Samuelunknown1770
 
1786unknown
 an English portrait painter who won several prestigious medals in the 1770s in London. He is know...
Thomas Sandby17211740
 
17891798, Jun 25
 an English draughtsman, watercolour artist, architect and teacher. In 1743 he was appointed priva...
Agostino Carlini1718 ca1760
 
17901790, Aug 15
 an Italian sculptor and painter, who settled in England and became one of the founding members o...
Richard Cosway1742, Nov 51754
 
17911821, Jul 4
 a leading English portrait painter of the Regency era, noted for his miniatures. He was a contemp...
Hendrik-Jozef Antonissen17371755
 
17921794
 a Flemish painter of landscapes and cattle. Antonissen was born at Antwerp. He entered the studio...
Karl Daniel Friedrich Bach1756, May1780
 
17961829, Apr 8
 a German painter; born Potsdam, died in Breslau. As his father was a merchant and an elder (Lande...
Januarius Zick1730, Feb 61750
 
17971797, Nov 14
 a painter and architect. He is considered to be one of the main masters of the Late-Baroque. Janu...
Lemuel Francis Abbott1760/611780
 
17981802, Dec 5
 an English portrait painter, famous for his likeness of Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson (curr...
John Mare Jr.17391765
 
17991802/03
 an American painter, businessman, and public figure. Not much is known of Mare's training, althou...
Francisco Agustin y Grande17531770
 
17991800
 a Spanish painter of the Neoclassic style. In 1799, he became a member for the Royal Academy of S...
Matthew Pratt1734, Sep 231764
 
18001805, Jan 9
 an American "Colonial Era" artist famous for his portraits of American men and women. He was appr...
Thomas Morris [2]1750 ca1780
 
18001816
 engraver
Rienk Jelgerhuis1729, Apr 131744
 
18061806, Apr 17
 a Dutch painter, engraver and draftsman. Jelgerhuis was born in Leeuwarden. He mainly made his fa...
William Winstanley [2]17751793
 
 
18061806
 an English painter of landscapes and portraits who worked in the United States from the early 179...
Nicolai Abraham Abildgaard1743, Sep 111764
 
18091809, Jun 4
 a Danish neoclassical and royal history painter, sculptor, architect, and professor of painting, ...
Peter Rushton Maverick1755, Apr 11770
 
18091811, Dec 12
 American silversmith and engraver. After training as a silversmith, he responded to the growing d...
Charles Willson Peale1741, Apr 151770
 
18101827, Feb 22
 an American painter, soldier, scientist, inventor, politician and naturalist. He is best remember...
George Engleheart1750, Oct 261773
 
18131829, Mar 21
 one of the greatest English painters of portrait miniatures, and a contemporary of Richard Cosway...
Benjamin Thompson1753, Mar 261766
 
18141814, Aug 21
 an American-born British physicist and inventor whose challenges to established physical theory w...
Andrea Appiani1754, May 311776
 
18141817, Nov 8
 an Italian neoclassical painter; fresco painter active in Milan and a court painter of Napoleon. ...
John Singleton Copley17381752
 
18151815, Sep 9
 an American painter, active in both colonial America and England. He was probably born in Boston,...
Daniel Caffe1750, Jul 211770
 
18151815, Jan 16
 a German pastel painter of portraits. Caffé was born in Küstrin, and began his career as a pain...
Friedrich Bury1763, Mar 121780
 
18151823, May 18
 a German artist born in Hanau. He studied first under his father Jean Jacques Bury, who was a gol...
Robert Fulton1765, Nov 141793
 
 
18151815, Feb 24
 an American engineer and inventor who is widely credited with developing a commercially successfu...
Frederick Kemmelmeyer1752/531782
 
18161823 ca
 Frederick Kemmelmeyer advertised that he was an artist for the first time in a Baltimore newspape...
Marcello Bacciarelli1731, Feb 161750
 
18181818, Jan 5
 a Polish-Italian painter of the late-baroque and Neoclassic periods. He painted a set of portrait...
Josef Abel1768, Aug 221801
 
 
18181818, Oct 4
 an Austrian historical painter and etcher. Among his famous works are paintings and etchings of K...
Benjamin Greenleaf1769, jan 131803
 
 
18181821, Jan 10
 painter was once thought to be identical to Benjamin Greenleaf (1786-1805) the prominent American...
Jurriaan Andriessen1742, Jul 121760
 
18191819, Jul 31
 an able artist in decorative painting; the decorations of the new theatre at Amsterdam were execu...
William Bartram1739, Apr 201773
 
18191823, Jul 22
 an American naturalist. He was born in Kingsessing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. As a boy, he acco...
Martin Drolling the Elder17521810
 
 
18191817
 Born in Oberhergheim, France. Learned to paint from an artist in Schlestadt, and then attended th...
Benjamin West1738, Oct 11746
 
18201820 , Mar 11
 Born in Springfield, PA. He was self-taught, having little formal education and he could barely r...
Henry Fuseli1741, Feb 71761
 
18201825, Apr 17
 a Swiss painter, draughtsman and writer on art who spent much of his life in Britain. Many of his...
Ezra Ames1768, May 51795
 
 
18201836, Feb 23
 a popular portrait painter in Albany, New York during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Mor...
John Scott1774, Mar 121788
 
 
18211827, Dec 24
 an English engraver, known for his work on topics showing animals. At the age of twelve he was ap...
Andries Cornelis Lens1739, Mar 311759
 
18221822, Mar 30
 Flemish painter and draughtsman
Joseph Steward1753, Jul 61786
 
 
18221822, Apr 15
 an American minister, portrait painter and museum curator. Steward was a largely self-taught arti...
Francisco Goya1746, Mar 301786
 
 
18241828, Apr 16
 a Spanish romantic painter and printmaker. He is considered the most important Spanish artist of ...
Eunice Pinney1770, Feb 91809
 
 
18261826
 an American folk artist active in the towns of Windsor and Simsbury, Connecticut. According to ar...
Matthew Harris Jouett17881812
 
 
18271827
 an American portrait painter, the son of Jack Jouett. Jouett painted in New Orleans, Natchez, Mis...
William Thornton1759, May 201789
 
 
18281828, Mar 28
 a British-American physician, inventor, painter and architect who designed the United States Capi...
Johann Samuel Arnhold1766, Dec 221780
 
18291828, Jan 1
 a German painter. He was born at Heinitz, a village near Meissen, and studied in the Art School o...
Elisabeth von Adlerflycht1775, Sep 231811
 
 
18291846, Mar 15
 a German painter and inventor of the Rhine panorama. Elisabeth von Adlerflycht had a painting gal...
Marianne Ehrenstrom1773, Dec 91790
 
 
18311867, Jan 4
 a Swedish writer, singer, painter, pianist, culture personality, memorialist, principal and lady-...
Johannes Rienksz Jelgerhuis17701785
 
18361836
 a 19th-century painter and actor from the Northern Netherlands. He was also known for interiors a...
Hendrik Voogd1768, Jul 101788
 
18391839, Sep 4
 a Dutch painter and printmaker, who was active in Italy. Voogd's works from his first Roman years...
Jose Aparicio1773, Dec 161790
 
18391838, May 10
 a Spanish painter of the Neoclassic period. Born in Alicante and died in Madrid. His early traini...
Karl Friedrich Schinkel1781, Mar 131805
 
18391841, Oct 9
 a Prussian architect, city planner, and painter who also designed furniture and stage sets. Schin...
Sir George Back1796, Nov 61808
 
18391878, Jun 23
 a British naval officer, explorer of the Canadian Arctic, naturalist and artist. As a boy, he wen...
Jacob Maentel1763, Jun 151797
 
18401863, Apr, 28
 Born in Kassel, Germany. Self-taught artist, painted local portraits. Fought under Napolean. Emig...
William Kneass1781, Sep 251812
 
18401840, Aug 27
 the second Chief Engraver of the United States Mint from 1824 until his death in 1840. Kneass is ...
Johann Adam Ackermann17801800
 
184091853, Mar 27
 a German landscape painter of the early 19th century. His best-known works are his winter landsca...
Benjamin Trottunknown1791
 
18411843
 Benjamin Trott, thought to have been born in Boston, ranks with Edward Greene Malbone and Charles...
Washington Allston1779, Nov 51801
 
18411843, Jul 9
 an American painter and poet, born in Waccamaw Parish, South Carolina. Allston pioneered America'...
Augustus Wall Callcott1779, Feb 201799
 
18431844, Nov 2
 an English landscape painter. His preference for landscape, including river and coast scenery, so...
Heinrich Jacob Aldenrath1775, Feb 171814
 
18441844, Feb 25
 a portrait painter, miniaturist, and lithographer. It is said that he painted the portrait of the...
Henry Sargent1770, Nov 251793
 
18451845, Feb 21
  American painter and military man, was born in Gloucester, Massachusetts. In 1793 Sargent went t...
Henry Inman1801, Oct 201821
 
18451846, Jan 17
 an American portrait, genre, and landscape painter. He was the first vice president of the Nation...
Rembrandt Peale1778, Feb 221791
 
18491860, Oct 3
 an American artist and museum keeper. A prolific portrait painter, he was especially acclaimed fo...
George Chinnery1774, Jan 51796
 
18491852, May 30
 Born in London, studied at the Royal Academy Schools. Moved to Ireland in 1796, where he establis...
Leo von Klenze1784, Feb 291808
 
18491864, Jan 26
 a German neoclassicist architect, painter and writer. Court architect of Bavarian King Ludwig I, ...
Antonin Moine1796, Jun 301830
 
18491849, Mar 18
 a French romantic sculptor in the first half of the 19th century. He began his career as a landsc...
Vicente Lopez y Portana1772, Sep 191794
 
18501850, Jul 22
 a Spanish painter, considered one of the best portrait painters of his time. Vicente López was a...
Jules Robert Auguste17891810
 
18501850, Apr 15
 a French painter associated with Romanticism and classicism. His travels in Greece, Egypt, and Mo...
Abdallah Khanunknown1810
 
1850unknown
 a Persian painter and architect, active between 1810 and 1850 in Tehran. He received his apprenti...
Johannes Hermanus Koekkoek17781793
 
18511851
 a Dutch painter and draughtsman. Johannes Hermanus Koekkoek initially trained under Thomas Gaal, ...
John James Audubon1785, Apr 261803
 
18511851, Jan 27
 an American ornithologist, naturalist, and painter. He was notable for his extensive studies docu...
August Ahlborn1796, Oct 111823
 
18521857, Aug 24
 a German landscape painter. His paintings are mainly of Italian, North German, and Tyrolean lands...
Heinrich Gotthold Arnold17851800
 
18541854
 a German artist. Arnold was born in 1785 at Lamütz, near Radeberg in Saxony. He was a pupil of S...
Jean-Baptiste Isabey1767, Apr 111786
 
18551855, Apr 18
 a French painter born at Nancy. Employed at Versailles on portraits of the dukes of Angoulême an...
Joseph Bonomi the Younger1796, Oct 91824
 
18561878, mar 3
 an English sculptor, artist, Egyptologist and museum curator. From 1824 to 1826, he was a member ...
Albrecht Adam1786, Apr 161809
 
18581862, Aug 28
 a German painter of battles and horses. Brother of Heinrich Adam. He worked until a great age, re...
Charles Hamilton Smith1776, Dec 261787
 
18591859, Sep 21
 an English artist, naturalist, antiquary, illustrator, soldier, and spy. His military career bega...
Matthew Cotes Wyatt17771805
 
18591862, Jan 3
 a painter and sculptor and a member of the Wyatt family, who were well known in the Victorian era...
Heinrich Adam17871811
 
18591862, Feb 15
 a German painter. He studied painting in Augsburg and Munich, and distinguished himself as a pain...
Taras Shevchenko1814, Mar 91822
 
18611861, Mar 10
 a Ukrainian poet, writer, artist, public and political figure, as well as folklorist and ethnogra...
Karl Agricola17791800
 
18621862
 a German artist, noted for his portrait miniatures. He became known for his mythological pictures...
Hermann Goldschmidt1802, Jun 171820
 
18621866, Apr 26
 a German-French astronomer and painter who spent much of his life in France. He started out as a ...
Ernst Gebauer1782, May 231797
 
18651865, Jul 7
 a German painter. Very little information is available about his life. He was born in Lietzen and...
Jacob Abels18031826
 
18661866
 a Dutch painter. Born in Amsterdam. He was especially noted for his paintings of moonlit landscap...
Heinrich Burkel18021824
 
18671869
 a German genre and landscape painter. He was designed for trade, but devoted every spare minute t...
Jean-Frederic Waldeck1766, Mar 16?1790
 
18691875, Apr 30
 a French antiquarian, cartographer, artist and explorer. Waldeck is remembered primarily for the...
Jakob Alt1789, Sep 271810
 
18691872, Sep 30
 a German painter and lithographer. He became noted as a landscape painter and made various journe...
Antoine-Louis Barye1796, Sep 241810
 
18691875, Jun 25
 an Italian painter and architect of the early-Baroque period, active in Rome and Spain, where he ...
Max Emanuel Ainmiller1807, Feb 141828
 
18691870, Dec 9
 a German artist and glass painter. The earliest specimens of Ainmiller's work are to be found in ...
John Gadsby Chapman1808, Dec 31830
 
18691889, Nov 28
 an American artist famous for Baptism of Pocahontas, which was commissioned by the United States...
Eduard Gaertner1801, Jun 21819
 
18701877, Feb 22
 a German painter who specialized in depictions of urban architecture. In 1821, he accepted a posi...
George Catlin1796, Jul 261830
 
18721872, Dec 23
 an American painter, author, and traveler who specialized in portraits of Native Americans in the...
Honore Daumier1808, Feb 261822
 
18731879, Feb 10
 a French printmaker, caricaturist, painter, and sculptor, whose many works offer commentary on so...
Edward Blore1787, Sep 131811
 
18741879, Sep 4
 a 19th-century British landscape and architectural artist, architect and antiquary. In 1826, he w...
Hermann Anschutz1802, Oct 121820
 
18791880, Aug 30
 a German painter and professor at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Munich. He is associated with...
William F. Woodington1806, Feb 101825
 
18791893, Dec 24
 a notable English painter and sculptor of the 19th century. He exhibited at the Royal Academy fro...
Francis Alexander1800, Feb 31833
 
18791880, Mar 27
 an American portrait-painter. One of Alexander's best portraits is that of Mrs. Fletcher Webster,...
Nathaniel Currier1813, Mar 271833
 
18801888, Nov 20
 an American lithographer, who headed the company Currier & Ives with James Ives. In 1835, Currier...
Alvan Clark1804, Mar 81830
 
18871887, Aug 19
 an American astronomer and telescope maker. He was a portrait painter and engraver (c.1830s-1850s...
Friedrich von Amerling1803, Apr 141828
 
18891887, Jan 14
 an Austro-Hungarian portrait painter in the court of Franz Josef. Amerling created over 1000 work...
John Ruskin1819, Feb 81829
 
18891900, Jan 20
 the leading English art critic of the Victorian era, as well as an art patron, draughtsman, water...
Benno Adam1812, Jul 151830
 
18891892, Mar 8
 a German animal painter, and distinguished himself especially by his depictions of game animals, ...
George Whiting Flagg1816, Jun 261830
 
18991898, Jan 5
 an American painter of historical scenes and genre pictures. He was the brother of the artist Jar...
George Frederic Watts1817, Feb 231830
 
19041904, Jul 1
 English Victorian painter and sculptor of the Symbolist movement. Watts became famous in his life...
Rudolf von Alt1812, Aug 281833
 
19051905, Mar 12
 an Austrian landscape and architectural painter. Son of the lithographer Jakob Alt and the brothe...
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