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1638, Sep 51643-17151715, Sep 1
a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715. His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest of any monarch of a major country in European history. In this age of absolutism in Europe, Louis XIV's France was a leader in the growing centralization of power. Louis began his personal rule of France in 1661 after the death of his chief minister, the Italian Cardinal Mazarin. An adherent of the concept of the divine right of kings, which advocates the divine origin of monarchical rule, Louis continued his predecessors' work of creating a centralized state governed from the capital.
 Timeline (27)
05/14/1643- Louis XIV becomes king of France
11/07/1651-King Louis XIV of France (13) declared of full age 
10/21/1652-King Louis XIV returns to Paris 
06/07/1654- Louis XIV crowned King of France
11/07/1659-Treaty of the Pyrenees: French king Louis XIV and Spanish king Philip IV
03/10/1661-French King Louis XIV ends office of premier 
01/23/1663-King Louis XIV affirms covenant with Ronstaten 
03/06/1664-King Louis XIV and Emperor of Brandenburg signs covenant 
01/19/1668-King Louis XIV and Emperor Leopold I sign treaty dividing Spain 
02/01/1669-French King Louis XIV limits freedom of religion 
06/01/1670-English king Charles II of England and French king Louis XIV sign anti-Dutch treaty 
11/01/1671-French King Louis XIV and Holy Romsn Emperor Leopold I sign secret anti-Dutch treaty 
06/12/1672- Louis XIV and the French army (under General Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne) cross the Rhine at Lobith
06/21/1672-French troops under king Louis XIV occupy Utrecht 
06/16/1673-Treaty of Vossem: French King Louis XIV and Frederick William I of Brandenburg
02/17/1676-Kings Charles II of England and Louis XIV sign secret treaty 
04/25/1678-French troops under Louis XIV conquer Ypres
05/17/1678-King Charles II of England and Louis XIV sign secret treaty 
10/23/1681-French troops under King Louis XIV occupy Staatsburg 
05/01/1682- Louis XIV and his court inaugurates Paris Observatory
09/24/1683-King Louis XIV expels all Jews from French possessions in America 
10/10/1683-French king Louis XIV marries Françoise d'Aubigné, marquise de Maintenon
10/18/1685- Louis XIV revokes the Edict of Nantes (via the Edict of Fontainebleau) and outlaws Protestantism
11/26/1688-French king Louis XIV declares war on Netherlands 
04/15/1689-French king Louis XIV declares war on Spain 
03/16/1690-French king Louis XIV sends troops to Ireland 
07/29/1696-French king Louis XIV and Victor Amadeus II signs peace 
 Quotes (23) • View in Quotations
Ah, if I were not king, I should lose my temper.
Always follow good counsels.
As for restitutions, to nobody in particular do I owe any, but as for those I owe to the realm, I hope in the mercy of God.
Every time I appoint someone to a vacant position, I make a hundred unhappy and one ungrateful.
First feelings are always the most natural.
Has God forgotten all I have done for Him.
I am dying, but the state remains.
I am the state.
I could sooner reconcile all Europe than two women.
I have made my will; I have been tormented to do it. I have bought repose; I know the powerlessness and inutility of it.
It is impossible to please all the world.
It is legal because I wish it.
Laws are the sovereigns of sovereigns.
My child, you are going to be a great king; do not imitate me in the taste I have had for building, or in that I have had for war; try, on the contrary, to be at peace with your neighbors.
My court was divided between peace and war according to their various interests, but I considered only their reasons.
Render to God what you owe him; recognize the obligations you are under to him.
That's what troubles me: I should like to suffer more for the expiation of my sins.
The King of Spain displayed his esteem for me in a manner that I confess flattered me pleasantly when, after the death of Don Luis de Haro, he stated publicly in front of all the foreign ambassadors that he wanted to follow my example in not having a prime minister any longer.
The ministers of kings should learn to moderate their ambition. The higher they elevate themselves above their proper sphere, the greater the danger that they will fall.
The Pyrenees are no more.
There is little that can withstand a man who can conquer himself.
We can do all we wish while we live; afterward, we are less than the meanest.
You have only to see what became of my father's will immediately after his death, and the wills of so many other kings. I know it well; but nevertheless, they have wished it; they gave me no rest nor repose, no calm until it was done.
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King Louis XIV1638, Sep 51643
 
17151715, Sep 1

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