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GovernanceInventors
bornactivedied
1672, May 301682-17251725, Jan 28
ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from 7 May (O.S. 27 April) 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his elder half-brother, Ivan V. Through a number of successful wars he expanded the Tsardom into a much larger empire that became a major European power. He led a cultural revolution that replaced some of the traditionalist and medieval social and political systems with ones that were modern, scientific, westernized, and based on The Enlightenment. He also invented or refined decimal currency, a yacht club, and a sounding line with separating plummet sounding weight probe
 Timeline (21)
10/11/1689- Peter the Great becomes tsar of Russia [this seems incorrect...11/2/1721? -ed] 
07/18/1696-Czar Peter the Great's fleet occupies Azov at mouth of Don River 
03/09/1697-Czar Peter the Great begins tour of Western Europe 
03/21/1697-Czar Peter the Great begins tour through West-Europe 
01/07/1698-Russian Czar Peter the Great departs Netherlands to England 
08/18/1698-Russian czar Peter the Great arrives in Zaandam 
08/19/1698-Russian czar Peter the Great begins term 
08/25/1698-Czar Peter the Great returns to Moscow after trip through West-Europe 
09/05/1698-Russia's Peter the Great imposes a tax on beards
12/20/1699- Peter the Great orders Russian New Year changed-Sept 1 to Jan 1 
05/27/1703-St. Petersburg (Leningrad) founded by Peter the Great
09/15/1707-Francis II Rakoczi and Czar Peter the Great sign social security agreement 
01/27/1710-Czar Peter the Great sets first Russian state budget 
08/01/1711-Surrounded Czar Peter the Great flees Azov 
04/08/1716-Duke Karel Leopold of Mecklenburg-Schwerin signs covenant with Russia and marries Czar Peter the Great's niece [wiki says Apr 19--New v Old Style dates? -ed] 
11/03/1716-Pacification Treaty of Warsaw: Czar Peter the Great guarantees Saxon monarch Augustus II's Polish kingdom 
01/25/1721-Czar Peter the Great ends Russian-orthodox patriarchy 
10/22/1721-Czar Peter the Great becomes "All-Russian Imperator" 
01/24/1722-Czar Peter the Great begins civil system 
04/06/1722- Peter the Great ends tax on men with beards 
02/08/1725- Peter the Great dies from a bladder infection
 Mentions (10)
Adrian I
...a staunch adherent of traditional norms and opposed Peter the Great's reforms.
Tsarevna Natalya Alexeyevna of Russia
...second wife, Natalia Naryshkina, and the sister of Peter the Great. She was young when Peter instituted his...
Joseph-Nicolas Delisle
...Palace. In 1725 when he was called by the Russian czar Peter the Great to Saint Petersburg to create and run...
Captain John Derdrake
...in this trade, he offered his services and ship to Peter the Great. This monarch, after inspecting the ship,...
Boris Kurakin
...ambassador abroad and one of the closest associates of Peter the Great. He was also the tsar's brother-in-law,...
Alexander Danilovich Menshikov
...statesman. A highly appreciated associate and friend of Tsar Peter the Great, he was the de facto ruler of...
Peter II of Russia
...the only son of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich (son of Peter I of Russia by his first consort Eudoxia Lopukhina)...
Peter III of Russia
...for six months in 1762. He was born in Kiel as Karl Peter Ulrich, the only child of Charles Frederick, Duke...
Adam Silo
...books on art and gave drawing lessons to Russian Tsar Peter the Great. The multitalented Silo produced not...
Yefim Smolin
...known faceted glass was given as a present to Tsar Peter the Great from a glass-maker called Yefim Smolin,...
 Contemporaries
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Peter the Great1672, May 301682
 
17251725, Jan 28

Kara Mustafa Pasha1634/351660
 
16831683, Dec 25
 an Ottoman military leader and grand vizier who was a central character in the Ottoman Empire's l...
Thomas Lynchunknown1670
 
16841684
 Governor of Jamaica. In 1677, Sir Thomas Lynch returned to England having served in Jamaica since...
Charles II of England1630, May 291660
 
16851685, Feb 6
 the monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and Supreme Governor of the ...
Mehmed IV1642, Jan 21648
 
16871693, Jan 6
 the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1648 to 1687. Taking the throne at age six, his ...
Emperor Reigen 1654, Jul 91663
 
16871732, Sep 24
 the 112th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Reigen's reign span...
Frederick William1620, Feb 161640
 
16881688, Apr 29
 Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia, thus ruler of Brandenburg-Prussia, from 1640 until hi...
King James II1633, Oct 141685
 
 
16881701, Sep 6
 King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, and Supreme Governor o...
Adolf Esmitunknown1680
 
1689unknown
 governor of St. Thomas in the Danish West Indies from 1683 to 1684, and again from 1687 to 1688. ...
William Pulteney [1]1624, Mar 251679
 
16911691, Sep 6
 an English Member of Parliament. He represented Westminster from February 1679 to March 1681 and ...
Suleiman II1642, Apr 151687
 
 
16911691, Jun 22/23
 the Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate from 1687 to 1691. Immediatel...
Queen Mary II1662, Apr 301689
 
 
16941694, Dec 28
 joint Sovereign of England, Scotland, and Ireland and Supreme Governor of the Church of England w...
William Phips1651, Feb 21673
 
16951695, Feb 18
 a shepherd boy born in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, a shipwright, ship's captain, treasure hunte...
Ahmed II1643, Feb 251691
 
 
16951695, Feb 6
 the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Caliphate from 1691 to 1...
Thomas Neale16411664
 
16981699
 an English project-manager and politician who was also the first person to hold a position equiva...
Christian V1646, Apr 151670
 
16991699, Aug 25
 king of Denmark and Norway from 1670 until his death in 1699. Well-regarded by the common people,...
Tamanend1628 ca1680
 
16991701 ca
 a chief of one of the clans that made up the Lenni-Lenape nation in the Delaware Valley at the ti...
John Salomonszunknown1690
 
 
1699unknown
 elected chief of Sint Eustatius in the Caribbean Netherlands on May 31, 1696...
Roger L'Estrange1616, Dec 171639
 
17021704, Dec 11
 an English pamphleteer, author and staunch defender of Royalist claims. L'Estrange was involved i...
King William III1650, Nov 41689
 
 
17021702, Mar 8
 sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland, and ...
Amangkurat IIunknown1677
 
1703unknown
 the Susuhunan of Mataram from 1677 to 1703. Prior to taking the throne, he was the crown prince a...
Mustafa II1664, Feb 61695
 
 
17031703, Dec 28/30
 the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1695 to 1703. In June 1695, Mustafa II left Edir...
Willem van Outhoorn1635, May 41659
 
17041720, Nov 27
  Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1691 to 1704. He was born and died in the Dutch E...
Amangkurat IIIunknown1703
 
 
1704unknown
 a short-lived ruler of Sultan in Java. His father Amangkurat II of Mataram had been killed, and h...
Charles Montagu1661, Apr 161683
 
 
17061715, May 19
 an English poet and statesman. In 1685, Montagu's verses on the death of King Charles II made suc...
Edward Hyde [2]1661, Nov 281685
 
 
17081723, Mar 31
 Governor of New York and New Jersey between 1701 and 1708, and is reputed to have had a predelict...
Emperor Higashiyama 1675, Oct 211687
 
 
17091710, Jan 16
 Higashiyama's reign spanned the years from 1687 through 1709 of what are generally considered to ...
HRE Joseph I1678, Jul 261705
 
 
17111711, Apr 17
  Holy Roman Emperor from 1705 until his death in 1711. He was the eldest son of Emperor Leopold I...
William Penn [2]1644, Oct 141681
 
17121718, Jul 30
  the son of Sir William Penn, and was an English real estate entrepreneur, philosopher, early Qua...
Queen Anne1665, Feb 61702
 
 
17141714, Aug 1
 the Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland and Supreme Governor of the Church of England from 170...
King Louis XIV1638, Sep 51643
 
17151715, Sep 1
 a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715. ...
Charles XII1682, Jun 171697
 
 
17181718, Nov 30
 the King of Sweden from 1697 to 1718. He belonged to the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, a bran...
Charles Booneunknown1715
 
 
1722unknown
 a British governor of the Bombay Presidency during the period of the Honourable East India Compan...
Moulay Ismail ibn Sharif16341672
 
17271727, Mar 22
 the second ruler of the Moroccan Alaouite dynasty. He is also known in his native country as the ...
King George I1660, May 281714
 
17271727, Jun 11
 King of Great Britain and Ireland, Supreme Governor of the Church of England from 1 August 1714 u...
Francis Phipsunknown1720
 
1729unknown
 a British colonial governor. He was Lieutenant Governor of Anguilla and the Virgin Islands from 1...
Victor Amadeus II1666, May 141675
 
17301732, Oct 31
 Duke of Savoy from 1675 to 1730. Victor Amadeus II undertook sweeping administrative reforms with...
Frederick IV1671, Oct 111699
 
17301730, Oct 12
 the king of Denmark and Norway from 1699 until his death. Frederick was the son of King Christian...
Ahmed III1673, Dec 30/311703
 
17301736, Jul 1
 the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Caliphate from 1703 to 1...
Woodes Rogers1679 ca1705
 
17321732, Jul 15
 an English sea captain, privateer, and, later, the first Royal Governor of the Bahamas. He is kno...
Emperor Nakamikado 1702, Jan 141709
 
17351737, May 10
  the 114th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Nakamikado's reign...
William Cosby16901710
 
17361736
 an Irish soldier who served as the British royal governor of New York from 1732 to 1736. During h...
Tobias Fitchunknown1720
 
1739unknown
 wrote a journal of his mission from Charleston to the Creeks. Succeeded Colonel Chicken as Indian...
HRE Charles VI1685, Oct 11711
 
17401740, Oct 20
 he succeeded his elder brother, Joseph I, as Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia (as Charles II),...
Melchior de Polignac1661, Oct 111683
 
17421742, Nov 20
 a French diplomat, Cardinal and neo-Latin poet. During the last years of Louis XIV, Abbé de Pol...
Robert Walpole1676, Aug 261715
 
17421745, Mar 18
 is generally regarded as the de facto first Prime Minister of Great Britain. Although the exact d...
George Clinton [1]1686 ca1720
 
17611761, Jul 10
 a Royal Navy officer and politician. Benefiting from the patronage of Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st D...
Marie Leszczynska1703, Jun 231720
 
17681768, Jun 24
 a Polish noblewoman and French Queen consort. The daughter of King Stanislaw Leszczynski — Stan...
Louis XV1710, Feb 151715
 
17741774, May 10
 a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1 September 1715 u...
Benjamin Franklin1705, Jan 61718
 
17891790, Apr 17
 one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A renowned polymath, Franklin was a leading aut...
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