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Cross-listed in Writers

Jean-Jacques Manget

aka: Johann Jacob Mangetus
borndied
16521742
a Genevan physician and writer. He was an assiduous compiler of previous medical literature. He graduated as a physician at the University of Valence in 1678. Later he became the Dean of the Valence medical faculty. Frederick III, Elector of Brandenburg made Manget his personal physician in 1699. Manget wrote in particular a major treatise on the bubonic pla...
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Cross-listed in WritersScientists

Jean-Paul Marat

borndied
1743, May 241793, Jul 13
a French political theorist, physician, and scientist who was a radical journalist and politician during the French Revolution. His journalism became renowned for its fierce tone, uncompromising stance towards the new leaders and institutions of the revolution, and advocacy of basic human rights for the poorest members of society, yet calling for prisoners o...
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Cross-listed in WritersScientists

Jan Marek Marci

aka: Johannes Marcus
borndied
1595, Jun 131667, Apr 10
a Bohemian doctor and scientist, rector of the University of Prague, and official physician to the Holy Roman Emperors. The crater Marci on the far side of the Moon is named after him. Marci's studies covered the mechanics of colliding bodies, epilepsy, and the refraction of light, as well as other topics. Marci at some time came into possession of the Voyni...
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Cross-listed in Commerce

Elizabeth Marshall

borndied
1768, Jan 281836, Jul 26
an American entrepreneur who became the second female pharmacist in the United States. Marshall worked as an apprentice in the family pharmacy from 1805. She inherited her grandfather's pharmacy, Marshall Drug Store, in 1804 and managed the business until 1825. Marshall is regarded by some as being the first female pharmacist in the United States, though more
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Cross-listed in Writers

Louis Ferdinand Alfred Maury

borndied
1817, Mar 231892, Feb 11
a French scholar and physician, important because his ideas about the interpretation of dreams and the effect of external stimuli on dreams pre-dated those of Sigmund Freud. He is mentioned by Freud in The Interpretation of Dreams, and by Sebastian Faulks in Human Traces. He coined the term hypnagogic hallucination and reported a dream that famously inspired...
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Cross-listed in ExplorersScientists

Archibald Menzies

borndied
1754, Mar 151842, Feb 15
a Scottish surgeon, botanist and naturalist. In 1790, Menzies was appointed as naturalist to accompany Captain George Vancouver on his voyage around the world on HMS Discovery. In 1794, while Discovery spent one of three winters in Hawaii, Menzies, with Lieute...
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Cross-listed in Military

Hugh Mercer

borndied
1726, Jan 171777, Jan 12
a Scottish soldier and physician. He initially served with the Jacobite forces of Bonnie Prince Charlie, and with the British forces during the Seven Years' War, but later became a brigadier general in the Continental Army and a close friend to George Washingto...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Franz Mesmer

borndied
1734, May 231815, Mar 5
a German physician with an interest in astronomy, who theorised that there was a natural energetic transference that occurred between all animated and inanimate objects that he called animal magnetism, sometimes later referred to as mesmerism. The theory attracted a wide following between about 1780 and 1850, and continued to have some influence until the en...
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Cross-listed in WritersScientists

John Mitchell [2]

borndied
1711, Apr 131768, Feb 29
a colonial American physician and botanist. Mitchell wrote a paper in 1744 called An Essay upon the Causes of the Different Colours of People in Different Climates, submitted to the Royal Society in London by his correspondent Peter Collinson. In the paper, Mitchell claimed that the first race on earth had been a brown and reddish colour. He created the most...
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William T. G. Morton

borndied
1819, Aug 91868, Jul 15
an American dentist who first publicly demonstrated the use of inhaled ether as a surgical anesthetic in 1846. The promotion of his questionable claim to have been the discoverer of anesthesia became an obsession for the rest of his life. Morton's pursuit of credit for and profit from the administration of ether was complicated by the furtive and sometimes d...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Johannes Munnicks

aka: Jean Munniks, Munnix, Munnicx, Munnigk, Munick, Jan Munnickius
borndied
1652, Oct 161711, Jun 10
a Dutch Golden Age medical doctor and writer from the Northern Netherlands. He wrote Tractatus de urinus, earumque inspectione (Utrecht 1674, Dutch: Verhandelinge der wateren, en hoe men dezelve bezien moet von D. van Haagstraten, Dordrecht 1683). In 1677 he wrote De utilitate anatomiae and became Lector of Anatomy in Utrecht. In 1678 he became professor of ...
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