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Cross-listed in Writers

David Abercromby

bornactivedied
unknown1680s1702
a 17th-century Scottish physician and writer. Brought up at Douai as a Roman Catholic by Jesuit priests, he was converted to Protestantism in 1682 and came to abjure popery, and published Protestancy proved Safer than Popery (1686).
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Cross-listed in Writers

Itty Achudan

borndied
1640 caunknown
a distinguished Ayurvedic physician, from the ancient Kollatt family of traditional Ezhava Ayurvedic Vaidyans (doctors) of Kerala. He was the major contributor of ethno-medical information for the compilation of Hortus Malabaricus, the botanical treatise on the medicinal properties of flora of 17th century Malabar (present day Kerala).
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Cross-listed in Writers

Anthony Addington

borndied
17131790, Mar 22
an English physician. Addington was educated at Trinity College, where he took the degree of M.A. and M.D. He was a fellow of the College of Physicians, and went into practice in London, but was compelled by bad health to move to the country. His career gained considerable public attention when he appeared as an expert for the prosecution of more
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Cross-listed in Writers

Thomas Ady

bornactivedied
unknown1630s-1670sunknown
an English physician and humanist who was the author of three sceptical books on witchcraft and witch-hunting, using the Bible as the source. His first and best known work, Candle in the Dark: Or, A Treatise Concerning the Nature of Witches & Witchcraft, was used unsuccessfully by George Burroughs, a Baptist preacher, in his defense during the Salem witch tr...
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Cross-listed in WritersScientists

Charles Rochemont Aikin

borndied
17751847
an English doctor and chemist. He was born at Warrington, Lancashire into a distinguished literary family of prominent Unitarians. From an early age he devoted himself to science, and aided his eldest brother Arthur in his first published works and public lectures. Subsequently he applied himself to medicine, became a member of the Royal College of Surgeons,...
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Cross-listed in Writers

John Aikin

borndied
1747, Jan 151822, Dec 7
an English doctor and writer. n 1798 Aikin retired from medicine and devoted himself with great industry to various literary undertakings, among which his General Biography (10 vols., 1799–1815) holds a conspicuous place. His other works included Biographical Memoirs of Medicine in Great Britain (1780) and The Lives of John Selden, Esq., and Archbishop Ush...
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Mark Akenside

borndied
17211770
an English poet and physician. The best edition of Akenside's Poetical Works is that prepared (1834) by Alexander Dyce for the Aldine Edition of the British Poets, and reprinted with small additions in subsequent issues of the series. See Dyce's Life of Akenside prefixed to his edition, also Johnson's Lives of the Poets, and the Life, Writings and Genius of ...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Jeronimo de Alcala

aka: Jerónimo de Alcalá
borndied
15711632
a Spanish physician and writer. There is very little information available about the details of his life. Most of his works were published after 1615. He was born in Murcia, and died in Segovia.
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Cross-listed in Writers

Patrick Anderson

bornactivedied
unknown1618-1635unknown
a physician and author. Anderson was the author of ‘The Colde Spring of Kinghorne Craig’ (1618), and a very rare book called ‘Grana Angelica'. He wrote a history of Scotland in three folio volumes, preserved in manuscript in the Advocates' Library.
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Cross-listed in Writers

John Andree

bornactivedied
unknown1780s-1790sunknown
an English surgeon. Andree published several books, chiefly on surgical subjects. Through not being connected with a large hospital, he never took a leading position as a surgeon in London, but he performed one operation of historical importance. This was a successful operation of tracheotomy for the relief of croup of the larynx in February 1782, which, if ...
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John Arbuthnot

borndied
1667, Apr1735, Feb 27
a Scottish physician, satirist and polymath in London. He is best remembered for his contributions to mathematics, his membership in the Scriblerus Club (where he inspired both Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels book III and Alexander Pope's Peri Bathous, Or the Art of Sinking in Poetry, Memoirs of Martin Scriblerus, and possibly The Dunciad), and for inven...
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Cross-listed in Writers

John Archer

bornactivedied
unknown1660-1684unknown
a court physician in the reign of Charles II. Of his origin nothing is certainly known; but he was probably an English Protestant born in Ireland. Archer, although a royal physician, was what would be called in these days an advertising quack. His book, 'Every Man his own Doctor,' purporting to be a manual of health, but really treating of various diseases, ...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Richard Argentine

borndied
unknown1568
an English physician and divine who wrote and published several, mainly religious, essays and books. Argentine went to Ipswich 'in a serving-man's coat,' and afterwards was successively usher and master of the grammar school in that town, where he also practised as a physician and read a lecture in divinity.
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Cross-listed in Writers

George Armstrong

borndied
1720 ca1789
a Scottish physician,born as the 8th child of the Minister of Castleton Church, in the Liddel Valley, Roxburgh . He is now recognised as an important early paediatrician. In 1767 Armstrong published an Essay on the Diseases most fatal to Infants;'
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Cross-listed in Writers

John Armstrong

borndied
1784, May 81829, Dec 12
an English physician. While at Sunderland, Armstrong published, besides several memoirs in the Edinburgh Medical Journal, Facts and Observations relative to the Fever commonly called Puerperal (London, 1814), and Practical Illustrations of Typhus and other Febrile Diseases (London, 1816), by which he became known to the medical profession. He p...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Louis Daniel Arnault de Nobleville

borndied
1701, Dec 211778, Feb 1
a French physician and naturalist. He was charged by the Généralité d'Orléans with preventing and fighting epidemic disease and became a Correspondant of the Société royale de Médecine shortly after its foundation. Aside from medicine he was interested in music and natural history.
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Cross-listed in Writers

Thomas Arnold

borndied
17421816
an English physician and writer on mental illness. Arnold published a two-volume work titled Observations on the Nature, Kinds, Causes and Prevention of Insanity, the first volume appearing in 1782 and the second in 1806. Volume one included chapters on whether insanity was more common in England than elsewhere, chapters on the definition and arrangement of ...
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Cross-listed in WritersInventors

Neil Arnott

borndied
1788, May 151874, Mar
a Scottish physician. He was the author of several works on physical science or its applications, the most important being his Elements of Physics (1827), which went through six editions in his lifetime. From his earliest youth, Arnott had an intense love of natural philosophy, and to this added an inventiveness which served him in good stead in his profess...
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Cross-listed in Astronomers

Giuseppe Asclepi

bornactivedied
17061760s-1770s1776
an Italian astronomer and physician. He was a Jesuit and director of the observatory at the Collegio Romano. The lunar crater Asclepi is named after him.
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Cross-listed in Writers

John Ash [2]

borndied
17231798, Jun 18
an English physician. Dr. Ash is described as a man of great skill in his profession, and of considerable general attainments. He was the founder of a social and literary club, called the Eumelian, from a punning allusion to his own name, and was a fellow of the Royal Society. He wrote: 'Experiments and Observations to investigate by Chemical Analysis the p...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Jean Astruc

borndied
1684, Mar 191766, May 5
a professor of medicine at Montpellier and Paris, who wrote the first great treatise on syphilis and venereal diseases, and also, with a small anonymously published book, played a fundamental part in the origins of critical textual analysis of works of scripture. Astruc was the first to try to demonstrate — using the techniques of textual analysis that wer...
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Cross-listed in NavalWriters

John Atkins

bornactivedied
16851703-17421757
a British Royal naval surgeon. Atkins published two books, both of which have had more than one edition. The ‘Navy Surgeon’ was published first (1732). It is a general treatise on surgery, with remarks on mineral springs, empirics, amulets, and infirmaries. It shows the author to have been an observant but somewhat prejudiced practitioner. The cases are ...
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