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Back in the day, if someone took your ship they were either doing so under the auspices of a country (privateer) or for their own benefit (pirate, buccaneer, corsair, etc.)...either way, whomever it was, you will probably find him (or her) listed here...
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Captain Tuanku Abbas

bornactivedied
unknown1840sunknown
a Malayan pirate active in the 1840s and the brother of a rajah of Aceh. He was well known for sponsoring and leading pirate raids, the most notable of which occurred in 1843 when he captured an Indian Crew and plundered their ship. After the incident the crew escaped and appealed to the British authorities who, the following year, burned Abbas' village to t...
more
Links (1)


Giorgio Adorno

bornactivedied
unknown1550s1558 ca
Italian pirate and knight of Malta. He worked around Malta and Italy. He was captain of the galley KNIGHT and called himself Allcaptain. After the capture was convicted and executed in Italy.
Notes (1)


Ah Pak

bornactivedied
unknown1800sunknown
the chieftain of the Cantonese pirates who defeated Portuguese pirates in Ningpo in Zhenjiang, China. The authorities at Ningpo were weak and requested his aid rather than submit to the tyranny of the Portuguese. His pirates caused the massacre against the Portuguese pirates. This incident was recorded in history as The Ningpo Massacre (not be confused with ...
more
Links (1)


"Admiral" Ainsley

bornactivedied
unknown1720s1731
Ainsley was an Irish pirate.


Aisa

bornactivedied
unknown1540s-1560s caunknown
A famous Mediterranean pirate, and one of Dragut's admirals (Aisa was Drugat's nephew) in the sixteenth century.
Notes (1)


Captain Mansel Alcantra

aka: Mansel Alcantara
bornactivedied
unknown1829unknown
a Spanish pirate active in the South Atlantic during the early 19th century. As well as committing acts of piracy, he was also responsible for several incidents of mass murder. The most infamous of these acts occurred in 1829 when his brig, the Macrinarian, captured the Liverpool packet ship Topaz near St. Helena while en route from Calcutta to Boston. After...
more
Links (2)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Explorers

James Alday

bornactivedied
15161540s1576 ca
a 16th-century English navigator, explorer and privateer. He participated in raids against the Spanish with fellow privateers James Logan and William Cooke during the 1540s and is credited, along with more
Links (1)


Vincenzo Alessandri

bornactivedied
unknown1650s1657
Originally an Italian Knight of Malta, Alessandri became a notorious buccaneer. He worked mostly in the vicinity of Malta and Italy. He was captured and pressed into forced labour and died in 1657. There are several references to a Vincenzo Alessandri who was Venetian ambassador to Persia during the 16th century but given the provided date of death, it is un...
more
Links (1)


John Alexander

bornactivedied
unknown1670s-16811681, May 9
Sailed with Bartholomew Sharp. Drowned while ferrying tools ashore at the island of Chira. Buried at sea four days later.
Notes (1)


Cross-listed in ExplorersWriters

Jean Alfonse

aka: João Alfonso
borndied
1484 ca1544/49
a Portuguese navigator, explorer and corsair, prominent in the European age of discovery. He had an early career in Portugal and later served the King of France.His writings were published as Les voyages avantureux du Capitaine Ian Alfonce, the Rutter of Jean Alphonse and La cosmographie avec l’espère et régime du soleil du nord par Jean Fonteneau dit Al...
more
Links (1)


Richard Allen [1]

bornactivedied
unknown1560s-15721572, Nov
a young English sailor turned pirate. He worked in the Bay of Biscay and English Channel. Along with John Drake, he plundered French and Spanish ships. He was killed, also along with Drake, in the attack of the November, a passing frigate whose strength they...
more


Cross-listed in Naval

William Howard Allen

bornactivedied
1790, Jul 81808-18221822, Nov
a Lieutenant in the United States navy, and a native of the city of Hudson. While a child, he was sent to school in London, England, but returned to Hudson only a year later, where he attended the Hudson Academy for boys before moving to the seminary in Doylestown, Pa., where he completed the remainder of his education. Quick, intelligent, and driven to a...
more
Timeline (2)Links (5)


Captain Alleston

bornactivedied
unknown1679-1699unknown
Commanded a vessel of eighteen tons, no guns, and a crew of twenty-four. In March, 1679, sailed in company with eight other vessels, under command of Captain Harris, to the Coast of Darien, and marched on foot across the isthmus, on his way attacking and sacking Santa Maria.
Notes (1)


Robert Allison

bornactivedied
unknown1679-1680 unknown
an English pirate, who lived and worked in the Caribbean. Associated with with Bartholomew Sharp, together with the captains Bournano, John Coxon, Cornelius Essex, Thomas Mackett, more


Robert Allison

bornactivedied
unknown1679-1680 unknown
an English pirate, who lived and worked in the Caribbean. Sailed with Bartholomew Sharp, then together with the captains Bournano, John Coxon, Cornelius Essex, Thomas Mackett, more
Notes (1)


Peter Alston

bornactivedied
1765 ca1797-18041804, Feb 8
the late 18th Century and early 19th Century counterfeiter and river pirate, who was believed to be the associate of serial-killer, Little Harpe and partner, in the murder of notorious outlaw, leader Samuel Mason in 1803. Alston was also, the son of the colonial-era counterfeiter, Philip Alston, associated with Cave-in-Rock and Natchez, Mississippi.
Timeline (1)Links (1)


Nicholas Alvel

bornactivedied
unknown1600sunknown
an English pirate active in the Ionian Sea during the early 17th century. There is very little additional information concerning the details of his life.
Links (1)


Alexander Amand

aka: Alexander Annand
bornactivedied
unknown1710s-17181718, Nov 8
Crew member of Royal James, commanded by Major Stede Bonnet. Hanged November 8, 1718, at White Point, Charleston, South Carolina, and buried in the marsh below the low water mark.
Timeline (1)Notes (2)


Ibrahim Ameer

bornactivedied
unknown1810sunknown
An admiral of an Arabian fleet of Red Sea pirates. In 1816 he captured four British merchant vessels on their way to Surat.
Notes (1)


Pasqual Anan

borndied
unknownunknown
Broken on the wheel and then decapitated (age 42). Head was displayed atop the gallows where 42 of his comrades had been hanged the day before on Petit Gouave.


William Anderson

borndied
unknown1749, Jul 24
seaman. Hanged for mutiny at Newgate.
Notes (1)


Juan Andres [1]

aka: Andresote
bornactivedied
unknown1730sunknown
Leader of some runaway slaves and Indians. These villains plundered and murdered along the coast of Venezuela. Authorities assumed he had died when two years later the attacks ceased. In reality, he merely moved to the safety of Curacao before resuming his bloody assaults.


Captain Cornelius Andreson

bornactivedied
unknown1670sunknown
A Dutch pirate. Sailed from Boston in 1674 with Captain Roderigo to plunder English ships along the coast of Maine, in a vessel called the Penobscot Shallop. Tried at Cambridge, Massachusetts, sentenced to death, but later on pardoned. Afterwards fought very bravely for the English colonists against the Indians.
Notes (1)


Jan Andriessen

bornactivedied
unknown1700s-1710sunknown
Dutch privateer in the eighteenth century. Captain of the yacht the Fortuyn between 1701 and 1719.


Michiel Andrieszoon

bornactivedied
unknown1683-16841684
a Dutch buccaneer who served as lieutenant to Captain Laurens de Graaf. He commanded the le Tigre, which had a 300-man crew and was armed with between 30-36 guns.
Timeline (2)Links (1)Notes (1)


Captain Androeas

bornactivedied
unknown1670s-1680s unknown
A Chief or Captain of the Darien Indians, who in 1679 conducted the buccaneers under Coxon and Harris across the isthmus to attack Santa Maria and afterwards to make an attempt on Panama. Captain Androeas had a great esteem for the English, partly because the buccaneers were kind to the Indians, and partly because of the Indians' fear and hatred of the Spani...
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Notes (1)


M.A. Anger

aka: M.A. Auger
bornactivedied
unknown1680s1685
Pirate and Maltese knight of unknown origin. He served in the Mediterranean Sea and plundered Arab and Ottoman ships.....Expelled for failing to report his spoils


Cross-listed in Commerce

Jean Ango

aka: Jehan Angot
bornactivedied
14801530s1551
a French ship-owner who provided ships to Francis I for exploration of the globe. A native of Dieppe, Ango took over his father's import-export business, and ventured into the spice trade with Africa and India. He was one of the first French to challenge the monopoly of Spain and Portugal, in addition to trading with the eastern Mediterranean, the British Is...
more
Timeline (2)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Governance

Angora

borndied
unknownunknown
Angora was the Sultan of Timor and refused to allow the British East India Company to station garrisons on Timor. Of course, when he turned them down they decided to take what they wanted by force. He was driven out of the whole of his island except the chief town, also called Angora. Deciding to take revenge, he turned pirate and went to sea in command of ...
more
Links (1)Notes (1)


Angria

borndied
unknownunknown
Notes (1)


Cross-listed in PiratesNaval

Conajee Angria

aka: Kanhoji Angre, Sarkhel Angre
bornactivedied
1669, Aug1698-17291729, Jul 4
the first notable chief of the Maratha Navy in 18th century India. He fought against the British, Dutch and Portuguese naval interests on the coasts of India during the 18th century. As a result, his European enemies labeled him a pirate. Despite the attempts of the British and Portuguese to subdue Angre, he remained undefeated until his death.
Timeline (3)Links (4)


Sumbhajee Angria

aka: Sambhaji Angre Samadhi
bornactivedied
unknown1729-17461746
Half-brother of Toolajee Angria and son of Conajee Angria.
Links (2)


Toolajee Angria

bornactivedied
unknown1750 caunknown
Son of Conajee, half-brother of Sumbhajee


Anonymous

bornactivedied
unknown1805unknown
female commander of French privateer LA BAUGOURT


John Ansell

bornactivedied
unknown1660s-16891689
Sailed with Henry Morgan and participated in his raids against Maracaibo and Gibraltar, Venezuela......nnEnglish Pirates of the Caribbean.nHe took part with Henry Morgan plundered Maracaibo in South America.


Captain Thomas Anstis

bornactivedied
unknown1718-17231723, Apr
an early 18th-century pirate, who served under Captain Howell Davis and Captain Bartholomew Roberts, before setting up on his own account, raiding shipping on th...
more
Timeline (1)Links (5)Notes (3)


Antonio

borndied
unknownunknown
Notes (1)


Captain Archembeau

aka: Archembo
bornactivedied
unknown1670s-1681 ca1681/1682 ca
a French pirate and member of the team of William Dampier. He served in the Caribbean and challenged mainly Spanish ships. In alliance with William Wright as Toccartem invaded the Spanish colony.


John Rose Archer

bornactivedied
unknown1710s-1720s1718, Nov/1724, Jun 2
A member of Edward Teach's crew. Also sailed with John Phillips……Served in crew of Blackbeard’s “Queen Anne’s Revenge.” Later became an honest fisherman, but turned pirate again.....John Phillips set sail for the West Indies, capturing several fishin...
more
Timeline (1)Notes (4)


Argall

borndied
unknownunknown
Licensed and titled buccaneer. Believed to have buried a rich treasure in the Isles of Shoals, off Portsmouth, New Hampshire, in the seventeenth century.
Notes (1)


Armstrong

borndied
unknownunknown
Born in London. A deserter from the Royal Navy. One of Captain Roberts's crew taken by H.M.S. Swallow, from which ship he had previously deserted.
Notes (2)


Richard Arnold [2]

bornactivedied
unknown1670s1680, May 3
Sailed with Edward Davis and Peter Harris.... English pirate. He served in the Pacific off the coast of Central and South America. He sailed with Edward Davis, Peter Harris and Charles Swan. In early April 1680 the pirates anchored on the south by Panama at the Isle of Perico today - Causeway Islands (English) or Islas Calzada de Amador (Spain). Here le...
more


Sion Arnold

bornactivedied
unknown1690sunknown
A Madagascar pirate, who was brought to New England by Captain Shelley in 1699.
Notes (1)


Valentine Ashplant

bornactivedied
1690 ca1710s-17221722, Mar
Born in the Minories, London. He served with Captain Howell Davis, and later with Bartholomew Roberts. He was one of the leading lights of Roberts's crew, a memb...
more
Notes (2)


Philip Ashton

bornactivedied
unknown1722, Jun- 1725, Mayunknown
captured by pirates and stayed as a castaway on uninhabited Roatan Island in the Bay of Honduras for 16 months in 1723/1724. His memoirs about his solitary stay (published in book form in Boston in 1725) were not believed by everyone; some people believed the book was a novel in the style of Robinson Crusoe. However, unlike Robinson Crusoe, Ashton was genuin...
more
Links (1)


Clinton Atkinson

bornactivedied
unknown1580s1583, Aug 31
a 16th-century British pirate, active in the 1580s in the sea surrounding Devon and Cornwall in southwestern Britain. Clinton and his confederate Thomas Walton were widely reported on at the time with, three broadsheet accounts being published shortly after their hanging in 1583.
Timeline (1)Links (1)


Atwell

bornactivedied
unknown1830sunknown
A hand aboard the brig Vineyard in 1830, he took part with Charles Gibbs and others in a mutiny in which both the captain and mate was murdered.
Notes (2)


John Auger

aka: Augur
bornactivedied
unknown1710s-17181718
Auger was pardoned by Woodes Rogers, but reverted back to piracy and was eventually captured by Benjamin Hornigold and hanged in New Providence.....he was a British pirate in the early 1700s. In 1718 the Bahamas Governor Woodes Rogers tried to clear the area of p...
more
Notes (1)


Louis-Michel Aury

bornactivedied
1788 ca1802-18211821, Aug 30
a French privateer operating in the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean during the early 19th century. Aury was born in Paris, France, in about 1788. He served in the French Navy as a sailor on a ship stationed in the French colonies of the West Indies, but from 1802 he crewed on privateer ships. By 1810 he had accumulated enough prize money to become the master of...
more
Timeline (5)Links (2)


James Austin

bornactivedied
1670 ca1703-17041710 ca
An English pirate and member of the crew of the the The Charles, led by Captain Daniel Plowman in the Caribbean. The Charles left Boston in July 1703 on a piratical expedition against Spanish and French ships. Shortly after departure, Captain Plo...
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Notes (2)


Samuel Axe

bornactivedied
unknown1629-1645unknown
an English privateer in Dutch service during the early 17th century. In 1635, he accepted Dutch letters of marque despite being in the employ of the Providence Island Company and, from 1636 to 1641, acted as a privateer for the English trading company.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Naval

Captain John Aylett

bornactivedied
unknown1660s1669
Commanded the Portland for the British navy at the Battle of Lowestoft in 1665 Later he became an English pirate who served in the Caribbean with Henry Morgan. This buccaneer was killed by an explosion of gunpowder on board the Oxford during a banque...
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Notes (2)

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