Search   
 
 
 
Much of what we know about the Early Modern era comes from the writings of that time. With the proliferation of the printing press and a somewhat more literate population, much more literature of this period is preserved (as opposed to earlier times). Whether from a novel, play, travel journal or scientific paper, these writings add greatly to our knowledge of our history.
Status

Last Name
Nationality
Active
Sort
Selected
 
Find:

Francois Rabelais

aka: François
borndied
1483-14941553, Apr 9
a major French Renaissance writer, doctor, Renaissance humanist, monk and Greek scholar. He has historically been regarded as a writer of fantasy, satire, the grotesque, bawdy jokes and songs. His best known work is Gargantua and Pantagruel. Because of his literary power and historical importance, Western literary critics considered him one of the great writ...
more
Timeline (1)Links (1)


Roger de Rabutin

aka: Comte de Bussy
borndied
1618, Apr 131693, Apr 9
a French memoirist. He was the cousin and frequent correspondent of Madame de Sévigné. In the year 1659 he fell into disgrace for having taken part in an orgy at Roissy near Paris during Holy Week, which caused great scandal. Bussy was ordered to retire to his estates at Château de Bussy-Rabutin, and beguiled his enforced leisure by composing his famous H...
more
Links (1)


Marie de Rabutin-Chantal

aka: marquise de Sévigné
borndied
1626, Feb 51696, Apr 17
a French aristocrat, remembered for her letter-writing. Most of her letters, celebrated for their wit and vividness, were addressed to her daughter. She is revered in France as one of the great icons of French literature.
Links (9)


Jean Racine

borndied
16391699
a French dramatist, one of the three great playwrights of 17th-century France (along with Moliere and Corneille), and an important literary figure in the Western tradition. Racine was primarily a tragedian, producing such 'examples of neoclassical perfection' as Ph...
more
Timeline (7)Links (1)


Branko Radicevic

borndied
18241853
an influential Serbian poet and the founder of modern Serbian lyric poetry. Djacki rastanak (The Parting of Schoolfriends) is the best and most popular of his works.
Links (1)


Alexander Radishchev

borndied
1749, Aug 201802, Sep 12
a Russian author and social critic who was arrested and exiled under Catherine the Great. He brought the tradition of radicalism in Russian literature to prominence with the publication in 1790 of his Journey from St. Petersburg to Moscow. His depiction...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Governance

Sir Stamford Raffles

aka: Thomas Stamford Raffles
borndied
1781, Jul 61826, Jul 5
a British statesman, Lieutenant-Governor of British Java (1811–1815) and Governor-General of Bencoolen (1817–1822), best known for his founding of Singapore. He was also heavily involved in the conquest of the Indonesian island of Java from Dutch and French military forces during the Napoleonic Wars and contributed to the expansion of the British Empire....
more
Timeline (2)Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in ExplorersPirates

Sir Walter Raleigh

bornactivedied
1554 ca1569-16181618, Oct 29
an English landed gentleman, writer, poet, soldier, politician, courtier, spy, and explorer. He is also well known for popularising tobacco in England. In 1594, Raleigh heard of a "City of Gold" in South America and sailed to find it, publishing an exaggerated account of his experiences in a book that contributed to the legend of "El Dorado". In 1616, he le...
more
Timeline (5)Links (2)


James Ralph

borndied
17051762, Jan 24
an American born English political writer, historian, reviewer, and Grub Street hack writer known for his works of history and his position in Alexander Pope's Dunciad B. His History of England in two volumes (1744–46) and The Case of the Authors by Professio...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in ArtistsGovernance

Rama II

aka: Phra Phutthaloetla Naphalai
borndied
1767, Feb 241824, Jul 21
the second monarch of Siam under the House of Chakri, ruling from 1809 to 1824. In 1809, Itsarasunthon succeeded his father Rama I, the founder of Chakri dynasty, as Loetlanaphalai the King of Siam. His reign was largely peaceful, devoid of major conflicts. His reign was known as the "Golden Age of Rattanakosin Literature" as Loetlanaphalai was patron to a n...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Samarth Ramdas

borndied
1608, Apr1681, Feb 2
a noted 17th-century saint and spiritual poet of Maharashtra. He is most remembered for his Advaita Vendatist text, the Dasbodh. Ramdas was a devotee of Hanuman and Rama. Shree Samarth wrote volumes of literature.
Links (1)


Pierre Rameau

borndied
16741748, Jan 26
the French dancing master to Elisabetta Farnese, and the author of two books that now provide us with valuable information about Baroque dance. Rameau's first book, Le Maître à Danser (1725, Paris), was a dance manual giving instruction on formal ballroom dancing in the French style.
Links (1)


Allan Ramsay [1]

borndied
16861758
a Scottish poet (or makar), playwright, publisher, librarian and wig-maker. As a pastoral writer he contributed, at an early stage, to the naturalistic reaction of the 18th century. He revived the interest in vernacular literature, and directly inspired the genius of his greater successors.
Links (1)


Andrew Michael Ramsay

borndied
1686, Jul 91743, May 6
a Scottish-born writer who lived most of his adult life in France. He was a Baronet in the Jacobite Peerage. He was a Christian universalist, believing that all people would eventually be saved. He was a best-selling author in his time.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in GovernancePhysicians

David Ramsay

borndied
1749, Apr 21815, May 8
an American physician, public official, and historian from Charleston, South Carolina. He was one of the first major historians of the American Revolutionary War. During the Revolution he served in the South Carolina legislature until he was captured by the British. After his release he served as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1782–1783 and agai...
more
Links (1)


Petrus Ramus

borndied
15151572, Aug 26
an influential French humanist, logician, and educational reformer. A Protestant convert, he was killed during the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre. The teachings of Ramus had a broadly based reception well into the seventeenth century. Later movements, such as Baconianism, pansophism, and Cartesianism, in different ways built on Ramism, and took advantage of ...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Physicians

William Rand

bornactivedied
unknown1650-1660unknown
an English physician who projected general reforms in medical education, practice and publication. His views were Paracelsian and Helmontian, and he participated in the Hartlib Circle.
Links (1)


John Randall

borndied
15701622
an English puritan divine. In addition to separate sermons, published posthumously by his friend William Holbrook, Randall left for publication Three-and-Twenty Sermons or Catechisticall Lectures upon the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, preached Monthly before the Communion, London, 1630, 4to; published by his executor, Joshua Randall.
Links (1)


Thomas Randolph

borndied
16051635
an English poet and dramatist. wrote several pieces before entering Westminster, including several epitaphs for people close to the family. He soon gave promise as a writer of comedy, becoming one of the most popular playwrights of his time.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Educators

Truman B. Ransom

borndied
1802, Sep 201847, Sep 13
a Vermont educator and military officer who served as President of Norwich University and commander of a regiment in the Mexican–American War. He was killed at the Battle of Chapultepec.
Links (1)


Ellen Henrietta Ranyard

borndied
1810, Jan 91879, Feb 11
an English writer and missionary who worked with the poor of London. She founded the London Bible and Domestic Female Mission. She mostly wrote religious tracts and short stories.
Links (1)


Halvor Heyerdahl Rasch

borndied
1805, Jan 81883, Aug 26
a Norwegian zoologist. An avid hunter and sportsman, he published the book Jagten i Norge (1845) as well as works about livestock, oyster culvitation and beekeeping.
Links (1)


John Rastell

borndied
15321577
an English Jesuit. Born in Gloucester, died in Augsburg. Rastell was a determined antagonist of Bishop John Jewell, and published several works against his assertions.
Links (1)Notes (1)


Sir Henry Rawlinson

aka: 1st Baronet
borndied
1810, Apr 51895, Mar 5
a British East India Company army officer, politician and Orientalist, sometimes described as the Father of Assyriology. Rawlinson's published works include four volumes of cuneiform inscriptions; The Persian Cuneiform Inscription at Behistun and Outline of the History of Assyria ; A Commentary on the Cuneiform Inscriptions of Babylon and Assyria; Notes on ...
more
Links (1)


John Ray

aka: John Wray
borndied
1627, Nov 291705, Jan 17
an English naturalist widely regarded as one of the earliest of the English parson-naturalists. Until 1670, he wrote his name as John Wray. From then on, he used 'Ray', after 'having ascertained that such had been the practice of his family before him'.
Links (1)


Guillaume Thomas Francois Raynal

aka: Guillaume Thomas François
borndied
1713, Apr 121796, Mar 6
a French writer and man of letters during the Age of Enlightenment. He was educated at the Jesuit school of Pézenas, and received priest's orders, but he was dismissed for unexplained reasons from the parish of Saint-Sulpice, Paris. He became a writer and journalist, leaving the religious order for life. The Abbé Raynal wrote for the Mercure de France, and...
more
Links (1)


Charles Reade

bornactivedied
1814, Jun 81835-18791884, Apr 11
an English novelist and dramatist, best known for The Cloister and the Hearth. Reade began his literary career as a dramatist, and he chose to have "dramatist" stand first in the list of his occupations on his tombstone. As an author, he always had an eye to stage effect in scene and situation as well as in dialogue. His first comedy, The Ladies' Battle, app...
more
Timeline (2)Links (10)


Rene Antoine Ferchault de Reaumur

aka: René, Réaumur
borndied
1683, Feb 281757, Oct 17
a French scientist who contributed to many different fields, especially the study of insects. He introduced the Réaumur temperature scale. In 1703 he came to Paris, where he continued the study of mathematics and physics, and in 1708, aged only twenty-four, was nominated by Pierre Varignon (who taught him mathematics) and elected a member of the Académie ...
more
Links (1)


Cyrus Redding

borndied
17851870
a British journalist and wine writer. Began as a journalist, then wrote a novel, Gabrielle (1829), a children's book on shipwrecks (1833) and his history of wine (1833), then a series of county histories, memoirs of William Beckford and Thomas Campbell, and volumes of autobiography and reminiscences.
Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Composers

John Redford

borndied
1486 ca1547
a major English composer, organist, and dramatist of the Tudor period. Redford is notable as one of the earliest composers, rather than improvisers, of organ music, having notated a significant quantity of keyboard music, all of it liturgical in function, based on plainchant melodies; a few vocal works by him also survive. As he held the post of Almoner and ...
more
Links (1)


Joseph Reed [1]

borndied
1723, Mar1787, Aug 15
an English playwright and poet known for his 1761 farce The Register Office and the 1769 comic opera adaptation of Henry Fielding's Tom Jones. He devoted his leisure time to a study of English literature, and he developed literary aspirations; but...
more
Links (1)


Marta Helena Reenstierna

aka: Märta, von Schnell
bornactivedied
1753, Sep 161793-18391841, Jan 12
a Swedish diary writer. Her diaries were written in the period 1793–1839, and are kept at the archives of Nordiska museet in Stockholm. They were published in 1946–1953 as Årstadagboken (The Årsta Diary). They are considered as a valuable cultural historical document of the everyday life of the people at a Swedish manor of her epoch.
Links (2)


Clara Reeve

borndied
1729, Jan 231807, Dec 3
an English novelist, best known for her Gothic novel The Old English Baron (1777). in Colchester, she first became an author, publishing a translation of a work by Barclay under the title of The Phoenix (1772).
Links (1)


Thomas Reeve

borndied
15941672, Feb 21
an English royalist and Anglican divine. After taking orders he was presented to the incumbency of Waltham Abbey, Essex, succeeding Thomas Fuller (1608–61), and he died there. Reeve, who was greatly admired as a preacher, published a number of sermons and devo...
more
Links (1)


Francesco Regli

borndied
18021866
an Italian writer best known today for his extensive biographical dictionary which chronicled the lives and careers of prominent figures in the performing arts in Italy from 1800 to 1860. Described as a 'polygraph', Regli was also a poet, novelist, librettist, orator, theatre critic, and journalist. He was the founder and managing editor of several prominent...
more
Links (1)


Jean-Francois Regnard

aka: Jean-François
borndied
1655, Feb 71709, Sep 4
He was 'the most distinguished, after Moliere, of the comic poets of the seventeenth century', was a dramatist, born in Paris, who is equally famous now for the travel diary he kept of a voyage in 1681.
Timeline (1)Links (1)


Jean Regnault de Segrais

borndied
1624, Aug 221701, Mar 25
a French poet and novelist born in Caen. He was a brilliant student at the Jesuit college of Caen, where he composed between the ages of eighteen and twenty years several works of poetry, a novel and a tragedy. He was elected a member of the Académie française in 1662.
Links (1)


Mathurin Regnier

aka: Régnier
borndied
1573, Dec 211613, Oct 22
a French satirist. He early began the practice of satirical writing, and the enmity which existed between his uncle and the poet François de Malherbe gave him occasion to attack the latter. About the time of his death numerous collections of licentious and satirical poems were published, while others remained in manuscript.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Composers

Johann Friedrich Reichardt

borndied
17521814
a German composer, writer and music critic. After Reichardt sent his opera Le feste galanti as a sample piece to Friedrich II, he was appointed to the position of the Royal Prussian Court Kapellmeister. Much of Reichardt's reputation as a composer rests on his Lieder that number about 1500, using texts by some 125 poets. Important among these are the setting...
more
Links (1)


Hugo Reid

borndied
1811, Apr 181852, Dec 12
a Scottish-born resident of Los Angeles, who became a naturalized citizen of Mexico, and who wrote a series of newspaper letters that described the culture, language, and modern circumstances of the local Gabrieliño Indians, and criticizing their treatment by Franciscan friars who administered the Spanish missions in California.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Thomas Reid

borndied
1710, Apr 261796, Oct 7
a religiously trained Scottish philosopher. He was the founder of the Scottish School of Common Sense and played an integral role in the Scottish Enlightenment. In 1783 he was a joint founder of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. A contemporary of David Hume, Reid was also "Hume's earliest and fiercest critic". He went to the University of Aberdeen in 1723 and ...
more
Links (1)


Johan Reinert Reiersen

borndied
1810, Apr 171864, Sep 6
a Norwegian-American writer, author and publisher as well as an early Texas pioneer and emigration activist. In 1844, Reierson wrote and published a comprehensive book about America titled Pathfinder for Norwegian Emigrants to the United North American States and Texas (Norwegian: Veiviser for norske emigranter til De forenede nordamerikanske stater og Texas...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Astronomers

Erasmus Reinhold

borndied
1511, Oct 221553, feb 19
a German astronomer and mathematician, considered to be the most influential astronomical pedagogue of his generation. He was born and died in Saalfeld, Saxony. In 1536 he was appointed professor of higher mathematics by Philipp Melanchthon. In contrast to the limited modern definition, "mathematics" at the time also included applied mathematics, especially ...
more
Links (1)


Paul de Remusat

aka: Rémusat
borndied
1831, Nov 171897, Jan 22
a son of the French politician Charles de Rémusat, became a distinguished journalist and writer. He was for many years a regular contributor to the Revue des deux mondes. He stood for election in Haute-Garonne in 1869 in opposition to the imperial policy and failed, but was elected to the National Assembly in 1871 and later. In 1890 he entered the Académie...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Henrik Reuterdahl

bornactivedied
1795, Sep 111856-18701870, Jun 28
a Swedish Lutheran clergyman who served as the Lutheran Swedish Church archbishop of Uppsala from 1856 to his death. He published a thorough history of the Church in Sweden, and was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences from 1848 and of the Swedish Academy from 1852.
Links (1)


Julie Reventlow

borndied
17631816
a Danish countess, writer and the host of a literary salon. She was the daughter of count Heinrich Carl von Schimmelmann, sister of Heinrich Ernst Schimmelmann, and married count Frederik Reventlow (1755–1828) in 1779. She hosted a literary salon at the estate Emkendorf in Holstein, and published works about education.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in MilitaryCommerce

Paul Revere

bornactivedied
1734, Dec 211756-18111818, May 10
an American silversmith, engraver, early industrialist, and a Patriot in the American Revolution. He is best known for alerting the colonial militia to the approach of British forces before the battles of Lexington and Concord, as dramatized in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem, "Paul Revere's Ride" (1861).
Timeline (1)Links (9)Notes (1)


Jacobus Revius

aka: Jakob Reefsen
borndied
15861658
a Dutch poet, Calvinist theologian and church historian. His most renowned collection of poems, the Over-ysselsche Sangen en Dichten (1630), forms a high point of Dutch baroque.
Links (1)


Henry Reynolds

borndied
15641632
an English schoolmaster poet and literary critic of the seventeenth century. Born in Suffolk, he is known for two works: Aminta Englisht of 1628, a translation from Tasso, and Mythomystes, a 1632 critical work on poetry considered to be most influenced by the Neoplatonism of the early Italian Renaissance. He was the dedicatee of a 1627 poem by Michael Drayto...
more
Links (1)


David Ricardo

borndied
1772, Apr 181823, Sep 11
an English political economist. He was one of the most influential of the classical economists. Perhaps his most important legacy is his theory of comparative advantage. He wrote many volumes on economic theory.
Links (1)


Marie Jeanne Riccoboni

aka: Laboras de Mezières
borndied
1713, Oct 251792, Dec 7
a French actress and novelist. Madame Riccoboni's work is among the most eminent examples of the "sensibility" novel; among the parallels cited in English literature are works by Laurence Sterne and more
Links (1)


Henry Rice

borndied
1585/861651
a Welsh writer and gentleman at the court of King Charles I. His writings included a Life of Sir Rhys ap Thomas, the father of Gruffydd ap Rhys ap Thomas and regarded as the leading member of the family, and Objections against Rice Griffith in his indictment, with the answers thereunto; both were written in the late 1620s.
Links (1)


Thomas D. Rice

aka: Daddy Rice
borndied
1808, May 201860, Sep 19
a white American performer and playwright who appropriated African-American vernacular speech, song, and dance to become one of the most popular minstrel show entertainers of his time. He is considered the "father of American minstrelsy". His act drew on aspects of African American culture and popularized them with a national, and later international, audien...
more
Links (1)


Anthony Rich

borndied
18031891, Apr 4
an English solicitor, author, antiquary and gentleman. He wrote books on Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities; The Illustrated Companion to the Latin Dictionary and Greek Lexicon; The Legend of St Peter's Chair; and The Satires of Horace with Illustrations from Roman Antiquities.
Links (1)


Barnabe Rich

borndied
1540 ca1617, Nov 10
an English author and soldier, and a distant relative of Lord Chancellor Rich. His best-known work is Riche His Farwell to the Militarie Profession'Riche his Farewell to Militarie Profession conteining verie pleasaunt discourses fit for a peaceable tyme (1581). Of the eight stories contained in it, five, he says, are forged only for delight, neither credible...
more
Links (1)


Mary Rich

aka: Countess of Warwick
borndied
1625, Nov 81678, Apr 12
well known for her great love for literature and writing, which included many of the current events in seventeenth-century Ireland as well as her own domestic issues. Mary Rich kept a diary for the last eleven years of her life, in which she recorded her day-to-day affairs and other occurrences throughout the period (1660s).
Links (1)


Elizabeth Richardson

aka: 1st Lady Cramond
borndied
1576/771651
an English writer and peeress. She is remembered for her collections of prayers. In 1645, Lady Cramond's collection of prayers, A Ladies Legacie to her Daughters, was printed, the first and second of three parts having been written in 1625 and 1635 respectively. She had given a copy of the manuscript to her eldest daughter, Lady Cornwallis, in 1635, y...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

Jonathan Richardson

borndied
1667, Jan 121745, May 28
an English artist, collector of drawings, and writer on art, working almost entirely as a portrait-painter in London. Richardson was even more influential as a writer than as a painter according to Samuel Johnson. In 1722, Richardson published with his son, als...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Commerce

Samuel Richardson

bornactivedied
1689, Aug 191706-17581761, Jul 4
an 18th-century English writer and printer. He is best known for his three epistolary novels: Pamela: Or, Virtue Rewarded (1740), Clarissa: Or the History of a Young Lady (1748) and The History of Sir Charles Grandison (1753). Richardson was an established printer and publisher for most of his life and printed almost 500 different works,...
more
Links (10)


Cross-listed in Physicians

Gustave-Antoine Richelot

borndied
18061893, Sep
a French physician born in Nantes. He is remembered for providing French translations of many English medical works. Among Richelot's original works was a treatise on prostitution in England and Scotland titled De la prostitution en Angleterre et en Écosse (1857), and a work on women in the medical profession called La femme-médecin (1875).
Links (1)


Christophe Richer

borndied
1514 ca1552/53
the valet de chambre to Francis I, a secretary to Cardinal Antoine Duprat, and a French ambassador of the 16th century. He was born in Thorigny. He was ambassador to Scandinavia and Germany. In 1540 he published a study of the Ottoman civilization.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Physicians

Philippe Ricord

borndied
1800, Dec 101889, Oct 22
a French physician. He graduated in medicine in 1826. After practicing in the provinces he returned in 1828 to the capital, and worked there as a surgeon, specializing in venereal diseases. In 1838, he proved g that syphilis and gonorrhea are not the same disease. He wrote many treatises on medical issues.
Links (1)


Samuel Rid

aka: S. R.
bornactivedied
unknown1610sunknown
the author of The Art of Jugling or Legerdemaine (1612), an apparent sequel to Martin Markall, Beadle of the Bridewell (1608 or 1610), which, although sometimes attributed to Samuel Rowlands, Rid is also likely to have authored. Martin Markall recounts a history of rogues and Gypsies in England, while the second book describes the legerdemain practiced by t...
more
Links (1)


William Rider

borndied
17231785, Nov 30
an English historian, priest and writer. Whilst he wrote a number of works, his New Universal Dictionary suffered in comparison with that written by Samuel Johnson and his 50-volume work A New History of England was unsuccessful; it was later described as one o...
more
Links (1)


James Ridley

borndied
17361765
an English author, who was educated at University College, Oxford. He served as a chaplain with the British Army. Ridley wrote two novels, The History of James Lovegrove, Esquire (1761) and The Schemer, or the Universal Satirist, by that Great Philosopher Helter van Scelter (1763); but he is mainly remembered for his Oriental pastiche Tales of the Genii, a s...
more
Links (1)


James Riley

borndied
17771840, Mar 13
the Captain of the United States merchant ship Commerce. Riley led his crew through the Sahara Desert, after they were shipwrecked off the coast of Moroccan Western Sahara in August 1815, and wrote a memoir about their ordeal. This true story describes how they came to be shipwrecked and their travails in the Sahara Desert. The book, published in 1817 and or...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Cartographers

Matthias Ringmann

aka: Philesius Vogesigena, Ringmannus Philesius
borndied
14821511
an Alsatian German cartographer and humanist poet. Along with fellow cartographer Martin Waldseemüller, he is credited with drafting the first world map that named America as a land mass. Ringmann was born in Eichhoffen, Alsace in 1482. He became a schoolmaster and was often described as a poet. Around 1503, Ringmann visited Italy. There, he learned about t...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in PiratesPhysiciansCartographers

Basil Ringrose

bornactivedied
unknown1653-1686unknown
surgeon and cartographer ……runaway indentured servant who joined Bartholomew Sharp's "Pacific Adventure" and whose journals served as primary account of the voyage…..This English surgeon traveled through Panama with Bartholomew Sharp and his buccaneers ...
more
Links (1)Notes (2)


Ottavio Rinuccini

borndied
1562, Jan 201621, Mar 28
an Italian poet, courtier, and opera librettist at the end of the Renaissance and beginning of the Baroque eras. In collaborating with Jacopo Peri to produce the first opera, Dafne, in 1597, he became the first opera librettist. He was born and died at Florence. Rinuccini wrote texts for some of the intermedi at the performance of La pellegrina at the weddin...
more
Timeline (1)Links (1)


Honore Gabriel Riqueti

aka: comte de Mirabeau, Honoré
borndied
1749, Mar 91791, Apr 2
a leader of the early stages of the French revolution. A noble, he was involved before 1789 in numerous scandals that left his reputation in ruins. However, during the early years (1789–91) of the French Revolution he rose to the top and became a voice of the people. Romilly was introduced to Mirabeau by Sir Francis D'Ivernois (1757–1842), and undertook ...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Cartographers

Tristram Risdon

borndied
1580 ca1640
an English antiquarian and topographer, and the author of Survey of the County of Devon. He was able to devote most of his life to writing this work. After he completed it in about 1632 it circulated around interested people in several manuscript copies for almost 80 years before it was first published by Curll in a very inferior form. A full version was not...
more
Links (1)


Andre Rivet

aka: André, Andreas Rivetus
borndied
1572, Aug1651, Jan 7
a French Huguenot theologian. A learned Reformed theologian (or, less accurately, a Calvinist) and a relentless apologist of the Reformed faith against the attacks of the Roman Catholic Church, Rivet was in his day the most influential member of the theological faculty of Leyden; and together with his colleagues he drew up, in 1625, the Synopsis purioris th...
more
Links (1)


Antoinette Henriette Clemence Robert

aka: Clémence
borndied
1797, Dec 61872, Dec 1
a French writer of historical fiction, poetry, non-fiction, stage plays, and short stories. From 1855 to 1870, she and Virginie Ancelot were the most popular novelists of the roman populaire genre. She published much of her work as Clémence Robert.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Gruffydd Robert

borndied
1530 ca1598+
a Welsh humanist scholar who wrote a pioneering Welsh grammar, in Welsh, while in enforced exile with his colleague and fellow-writer Morys Clynnog in Milan in 1567. He was an ardent Roman Catholic. Robert became archdeacon of Anglesey in 1558, but went into exile after the accession of Elizabeth I of England. By 1564 he was in Rome. Later in the 1580s he is...
more
Links (1)


Ludwig Robert

borndied
1778, Dec 161832, Jul 5
a German dramatist. He was born in Berlin as Liepmann Levin, into a well-off Jewish family, a brother of Rahel Varnhagen von Ense. He wrote plays, including the tragedy Die Macht der Verhältnisse (1819) which deals with the position of Jews in society. He died, aged 53, in Baden-Baden.
Links (1)


William Robertson

bornactivedied
unknown1650-1680unknown
a Scottish Hebraist. He was educated at Edinburgh University, taught Hebrew in London from 1653–1680, then in 1680 was appointed lecturer in Hebrew at Cambridge University. Robertson believed Hebrew could be learned by ordinary people with a minimum of linguistic background. In theology he followed David Dickson and Robert Douglas. After 1660 he had little...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Legal

Maximilien Robespierre

borndied
1758, May 61794, Jul 28
a French lawyer and politician, and one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution and the Reign of Terror. By making himself the embodiment of virtue and of total commitment, he took control of the Revolution in its most radical and bloody phase – the Jacobin republic. His goal in the Terror was to use the guillotine to create...
more
Links (1)


Henry Robinson

bornactivedied
1604 ca1640s-1650s1664 ca
an English merchant and writer. He is best known for a work on religious toleration, Liberty of Conscience from 1644. He wrote extensively on trade and economics, including advocacy for English trade policy during the Rump Parliament, In economic policy his writings had some effect: in the areas of interest rates, naturalisation of foreigners, redistibution ...
more
Links (1)Notes (1)


Mary Robinson

borndied
1757, Nov 271800, Dec 26
n English actress, poet, dramatist, novelist, and celebrity figure. During her lifetime she was known as "the English Sappho". She earned her nickname "Perdita" for her role as Perdita (heroine of Shakespeare's The Winter's Tale) in 1779. She was the first public mistress of King George IV while he was still Prince of Wales.
Links (1)


Ralph Robinson

borndied
15201577
an English scholar and man of letters. He is best known for his English translation of Sir Thomas More's Utopia, originally written in Latin in 1516. He graduated B.A. in 1540, and was elected fellow of his college Corpus on 16 June 1542. In March 1544 he supplica...
more
Links (1)


Therese Albertine Luise Robinson

aka: Talvj
borndied
1797, Jan 261870, Apr 13
a German-American author, linguist and translator, and second wife of biblical scholar Edward Robinson. None of the poetry she wrote in her St. Petersburg years were published during her lifetime, and most of it was probably destroyed. In 1816, the family moved back to Halle. Though she continued to write poetry and short stories, she was reluctant to publis...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Daniel Rogers

borndied
15731652, Sep 16
an English nonconforming clergyman and religious writer. He is now best known for his conduct book Matrimoniall Honour. He graduated B.A. in 1595-6, and M.A. in 1599, and was fellow from 1600 to 1608. On leaving the university Rogers officiated as minister at Haversham, Buckinghamshire. After being harassed for various acts of nonconformity, he was suspended...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in ExplorersMilitaryGovernance

Robert Rogers

bornactivedied
1731, Nov 71746-17791795, May 18
an American colonial frontiersman. Rogers served in the British army during both the French and Indian War and the American Revolution. During the French and Indian War, Rogers raised and commanded the famous Rogers' Rangers, trained for raiding and close combat behind enemy lines. His journals and A Concise Account of North America were published. Immediate...
more
Timeline (1)Links (1)


Samuel Rogers

borndied
1763, Jul 301855, Dec 18
an English poet, during his lifetime one of the most celebrated, although his fame has long since been eclipsed by his Romantic colleagues and friends William Wordsworth, Coleridge and Byron. His recollections of these and other friends such as Charles Jame...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Physicians

Peter Roget

borndied
1779, Jan 181869, Sep 12
a British physician, natural theologian and lexicographer. He is best known for publishing, in 1852, the Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases (Roget's Thesaurus), a classified collection of related words. His obsession with list-making as a coping mechanism was well established by the time he was eight years old. The son of a Swiss clergyman, Roget studied...
more
Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Military

Henri de Rohan

aka: Henri II, Duke of Rohan
borndied
1579, Aug 211638, Apr 13
a French soldier, writer and leader of the Huguenots. It was not till the decree for the restitution of church property in the south threw the Bearnese and Gascons into open revolt that Henri appeared as a rebel. His authority and military skill were very formidable to the royalists; his constancy and firmness greatly contributed to the happy issue of the wa...
more
Timeline (1)Links (1)


Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla

borndied
1607, Oct 41648, Jan 23
a Spanish dramatist. Rojas Zorrilla was born at Toledo. He became a knight of Santiago in 1644. It is believed that he studied at the University of Toledo and University of Salamanca, and for a time followed a military career. His plays were published between 1640 and 1645; his greatest dramatic composition, Del rey abajo ninguno, was printed separately unde...
more
Timeline (3)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

John Rolland

bornactivedied
unknown1560sunknown
a Scottish poet who appears to have been a priest of the diocese of Glasgow, and to have been known in Dalkeith in 1555. He is the author of two poems, the Court of Venus and a translation of the Seven Wise Masters. The former, which was printed by John Ros in 1575, may have been written before 1560. The latter was translated from a Scots prose version at th...
more
Links (1)


Luigi Romanelli

bornactivedied
1751, Jul 211785-18281839, Mar 1
an Italian opera librettist. Romanelli was born in Rome. He wrote tens of librettos, most of them for operas to be performed at La Scala in Milan. In the same city he was professor of declamation at the conservatory. Among his most successful works, La pietra del paragone for more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Governance

Auguste Romieu

aka: François-Auguste
borndied
1800, Sep 171855, Nov 16
a senior official and French writer. A preparatory pupil at the Lycée Henri IV, Romieu was admitted to the École polytechnique, he was appointed curator of Antiquities of Morbihan (1828) then sub-prefect of Quimperlé (August 1830), and distinguished himself by his vehement reports against the practice of the Breton language. He was then sub-prefect of Lou...
more


Pierre de Ronsard

borndied
1524, Sep 111585, Dec 27
a French poet and "prince of poets" (as his own generation in France called him). The character and fortunes of Ronsard's works are among the most remarkable in literary history, and supply in themselves a kind of illustration of the progress of French literature during the last three centuries. His many odes are interesting, and at best are fine composition...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in MilitaryCartographers

Carl Roosen

borndied
1800, Oct 81880, Feb 15
a Norwegian cartographer and military officer. He was born in Arendal; the son of merchant Herman Frøchen Roosen and Johanne Dorthea Thestrup. He was a brother-in-law of Marcus Thrane. He headed Trondhjems Ingeniørdetachement from 1845 until his retirement in...
more
Links (1)


Joel Root

bornactivedied
17701802-18401847
the author of a journal of his voyage around the world (1802–1806) while working as supercargo on the sealing ship Huron. One version of Root's journey dated 1838, years after the actual journey, was a memoir dictated to Dr. Emile Gardette, his granddaughter's husband, while Root was visiting in Philadelphia for several months under the care of a Dr. McCle...
more
Links (1)


William Roper

borndied
1496 ca1578, Jan 4
an English biographer. The son of a Kentish gentleman, he married Margaret, daughter of Sir Thomas More. He wrote a highly regarded biography of his father-in-law. He was a member of various Parliaments (as MP for several constituencies including Rochester and Can...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Military

Antonio Ros de Olano

borndied
1808, Nov 91886, Jul 24
a Venezuelan-born Spanish writer, politician and military officer who served in the First Carlist War and the Spanish-Moroccan War of 1859. He wrote in El Siglo and thought. He wrote the foreword to The World Devil Espronceda, described by Marcelino Menéndez Pelayo of "mystagogical apocalyptic" but gave much fame for her on romance. He collaborated with Esp...
more
Links (1)


Mateo Rosas de Oquendo

borndied
1559 ca1612
was viceregal Peru's earliest satirist. Born in Spain, he travelled to the New World where he served as Secretary to the Viceroy García Hurtado de Mendoza. Notarial documentation shows him as engaged in the conquest of Tucumán, where he is named Accountant of Royal Finances and founds the city of La Rioja. He was also a land grantee in Canchanga and Camiqu...
more
Links (1)


William Roscoe

borndied
1753, Mar 81831, Jun 30
an English historian, leading abolitionist, art collector, M.P. (briefly), lawyer, banker, botanist and miscellaneous writer, perhaps best known today as an early abolitionist and for his poem for children The Butterfly's Ball, and the Grasshopper's Feast.


Ippolito Rosellini

borndied
1800, Aug 131843, Jun 4
an Italian Egyptologist. A scholar and friend of Jean-François Champollion, he is regarded as the founder of Egyptology in Italy. Rosellini accompanied Champollion in the latter's Egyptian exploration also known as the Franco-Tuscan expedition, as the leader of the Tuscan group (1828-29). Champollion's sudden death in 1832 left to the saddened Rosellini the...
more
Links (1)


Beata Rosenhane

borndied
1638, Jan 211674, Jun 1
a Swedish Baroness and writer. She was known for her learning and received an education unusual for a female of her epoch, and has as such been the subject of research. From the age of seven onward, she was trained in rhetoric by conversation and by writing essays in various subjects in which she was also, in parallel, educated. She also wrote poetry and acq...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Explorers

James Rosier

borndied
15731609
an English explorer who is notable for his account of a 1605 expedition to America in which describes native peoples and fauna of northern New England. He describes a journey along a "great river", but the identity of the river is not known for certain. Rosier was among those who sailed to present-day Maine with Bartholomew Gosnold in 1602. there were three ...
more
Links (1)


Alexander Ross [1]

borndied
1590 ca1654
a prolific Scottish writer and controversialist. He was Chaplain-in-Ordinary to Charles I. By 1622 he had been appointed, through William Laud's influence, one of Charles I's chaplains, and in that year appeared The First and Second Book of Questions and Answers upon the Book of Genesis, by Alexander Ross of Aberdeen, preacher at St. Mary's, near Southampton...
more
Links (1)


Alexander Ross [2]

borndied
1699, Apr 131784, May 20
a Scottish poet. Alexander Ross was born to a farming family at Torphins in Aberdeenshire. He was educated at Marischal College, Aberdeen and worked as private tutor for the children of Sir William Forbes of Craigievar. In 1732 he became a headmaster in Lochlee, Angus, where he would live until his death in 1784. A memorial was erected in his honour c. 1854 ...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

Dante Gabriel Rossetti

borndied
1828, May 121882, Apr 9
an English poet, illustrator, painter and translator. He founded the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood in 1848 with William Holman Hunt and John Everett Millaismore
Timeline (1)Links (1)


Gabriele Rossetti

borndied
1783, Feb 281854, Apr 24
an Italian poet and scholar who emigrated to England. Rossetti's published works include literary criticism, Romantic poetry such as his long poem Il veggente in solitudine of 1846, and his Autobiography. He is thought to be the basis of the character Pesca in Wilkie Collins' 1860 novel The Woman in White. He also wrote commentaries on Dante Alighieri in whi...
more
Links (1)


William Michael Rossetti

borndied
1829, Sep 251919, Feb 5
an English writer and critic. He was one of the seven founder members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood in 1848, and became the movement's unofficial organizer and bibliographer. He edited the Brotherhood's literary magazine The Germ which published four issues in 1850 and wrote the poetry reviews for it.
Links (6)


Evdokiya Rostopchina

aka: Yevdokiya
borndied
1811, Dec 231858, Dec 3
one of the early Russian women poets. Poems about the unrequited love comprised a large part of her poetry. In 1839 she published a book "Descriptions of High Society", which was ignored both by the readers and by critics. Although Rostopchina also wrote prose and comedy, these works did not enjoy any particular success.During her trip abroad in 1845 the poe...
more
Links (1)


John Roth

aka: Johann Ferdinand, Johannes
borndied
1726, Feb 31791, Jul 22
a Prussian clergyman who settled in the USA. Roth made a special study of the Unami dialect of the Lenape language, and composed in it an extensive religious work, "The History of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ," four fifths of which were lost by 1885. Only the last part survives: "From Passion Week to his Ascension to Heaven."
Links (1)


Jean Rotrou

borndied
1609, Aug 211650, Jun 28
a French poet and tragedian. Rotrou's brilliant but hasty and unequal work showed the marks of a stronger adhesion to the Spanish model. In 1634, when he printed Cleagénor et Doristée (acted 1630), he said he was already the author of thirty plays; but this probably includes adaptations. Diane (acted 1630; pr. 1633), Les Occasions perdues (acted 1631; prin...
more
Links (1)


Marie-Anne de Roumier-Robert

bornactivedied
unknown1760sunknown
an 18th-century French writer. Very little is known about her life. She wrote one of the earliest known works of Science Fiction, Voyage de Milord Céton dans les Sept Planètes ("Lord Seton's Voyage Among the Seven Planets", 1765).
Links (1)


Jean-Baptiste Rousseau

borndied
1671, Apr 61741, Mar 17
a French playwright and poet, particularly noted for his cynical epigrams. Rousseau was born in Paris, the son of a shoemaker, and was well educated. As a young man, he gained favour with Boileau, who encouraged him to write. Rousseau began with the theatre, for which he had no aptitude. A one-act comedy, Le Café, failed in 1694, and he was not much ...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Composers

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

bornactivedied
1712, Jun 281739-17761778, Jul 2
a philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century. His political philosophy influenced the Enlightenment in France and across Europe, as well as aspects of the French Revolution and the overall development of modern political and educational thought. Rousseau was a successful composer of music, who wrote seven operas as well as music in other forms, an...
more
Timeline (1)Links (22)


Claude Henri de Rouvroy

aka: comte de Saint-Simon, Henri de Saint-Simon
borndied
1760, Oct 171825, May 19
a French political and economic theorist and businessperson whose thought played a substantial role in influencing politics, economics, sociology, and the philosophy of science. He created a political and economic ideology known as industrialism that claimed that the needs of an industrial class, which he also referred to as the working class, needed to be r...
more
Links (1)


Louis de Rouvroy

aka: duc de Saint-Simon
borndied
1675, Jan 161755, Mar 2
a French soldier, diplomat and a noted diarist. He was an indefatigable writer, and he began very early to record all the gossip he collected, all his interminable legal disputes over precedence, and a vast mass of unclassified material. Most of his manuscripts were retrieved by the Crown and it was long before their contents were fully published: partly in ...
more
Links (1)


Nicholas Rowe

borndied
1674, Jun 201718, Dec 6
an English dramatist, poet and miscellaneous writer, was appointed Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom in 1715. On his father's death, when he was nineteen, he became the master of an independent fortune. He was left to his own direction, and from that time ignored law to try his hand first at poetry, and then later at writing plays. The Ambitious Stepmother...
more
Timeline (3)Links (1)


Richard Rowlands

aka: Rowlaunde , Verstegen, Verstegan
borndied
1550 ca1640
an Anglo-Dutch antiquary. He published in 1576 in London a guidebook to Western Europe, translated from the German, entitled The Post of the World. At the end of 1581 he secretly printed an account of the execution of Edmund Campion but was discovered and 'being apprehended, brake out of England'. In exile he resumed the name of Verstegen. In Paris he...
more
Links (4)


Samuel Rowlands

bornactivedied
1573 ca1598-16281630
an English author of pamphlets in prose and verse, which reflect the follies and humours of lower middle-class life in his time. He seems to have had no contemporary literary reputation; but his work throws considerable light on the development of popular literature and social life in London, where he spent his life. It is thought that his close contact with...
more
Links (4)Notes (1)


Mary Rowlandson

borndied
1637 ca1711, Jan 5
a colonial American woman who was captured by Native Americans during King Philip's War and held for 11 weeks before being ransomed. In 1682, six years after her ordeal, The Sovereignty and Goodness of God: Being a Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson was published. This text is considered a seminal American work in the literary...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Educators

Susanna Rowson

borndied
17621824, Mar 2
a British-American novelist, poet, playwright, religious writer, stage actress, and educator. Rowson was the author of the 1791 novel Charlotte Temple, the most popular best-seller in American literature until Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin was published in 1852.
Links (1)


Mathew Roydon

aka: Matthew
borndied
unknown1622
an English poet associated with the School of Night group of poets and writers. He graduated M.A. at Oxford on 7 July 1580. He was soon afterwards a prominent figure in literary society in London, and knew the poets of the day, including Philip Sidney, Christo...
more
Links (1)


Alphonse Royer

borndied
1803, Sep 101875, Apr 11
a French author, dramatist and theatre manager. As a young man, Royer belonged to a literary circle inspired by Romanticism and Liberalism, movements for which he maintained a sympathy throughout his life. His father sent him abroad where for several years he travelled in Italy and the Middle East. On his return to Paris, Royer made his literary debut with a...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Legal

Joaquin Rubio y Munoz

aka: Joaquín Rubio y Muñoz
borndied
17881874
a Spanish lawyer who was a noted antiquarian and numismatist in the city of Cádiz, Spain. He built up a library of manuscripts and rare books and in particular was known for his extensive collection of ancient coins and medals, many of which are now in museums in Spain and Denmark. Fifty letters written to Joaquín by the liberal writer, intellectual and cr...
more
Links (1)


Anna Maria Ruckerschold

aka: Rückerschöld
borndied
1725, Feb 51805, May 25
a Swedish author who wrote several popular books on housekeeping and cooking in the late 18th and early 19th century. She was an advocate of women's right to a good education in household matters and propagated this view in public debate through an anonymous letter in 1770. Along with Cajsa Warg and other female cookbook authors, she was an influential figur...
more
Links (1)


Friedrich Ruckert

aka: Rückert
borndied
1788, May 161866, Jan 31
a German poet, translator, and professor of Oriental languages. his first volume, Deutsche Gedichte (German Poems), published in 1814 under the pseudonym Freimund Raimar, he gave, particularly in the powerful Geharnischte Sonette (Sonnets in Arms/Harsh Words), vigorous expression to the prevailing sentiment of his countrymen. Duri...
more
Links (1)


Olaus Rudbeck

borndied
1630, Dec 121702, Sep 17
a Swedish scientist and writer, professor of medicine at Uppsala University and for several periods rector magnificus of the same university. Between 1679 and 1702, Rudbeck dedicated himself to contributions in historical-linguistics patriotism, writing a 3,000-page treatise in four volumes called Atlantica (Atland eller Manheim in Swedish) where he purporte...
more
Links (1)


Caroline Rudolphi

aka: Karoline
borndied
17531811
a German educationist and poet. Rudolphi published collections of her poems in 1781, 1787 and 1796, and she published her principles on the education of girls in form of an epistolary novel, Gemälde weiblicher Erziehung (1807). Her poem Ode an Gott ("Ode to God") was set to music by Johann Heinrich Tobler in 1825 and was sung as the unofficial "national ant...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in PhysiciansScientists

Jean Ruel

aka: Jean Ruelle, Ioannes Ruellius
borndied
14741537, Sep 24
a French physician and botanist noted for the 1536 publication in Paris of De Natura Stirpium, a Renaissance treatise on botany. Ruel was born in Soissons. He was self-taught in Greek and Latin, and studied medicine, graduating in 1508, or, according to other sources in 1502. In 1509 he became physician to Francis I, devoted himself at the same time to a st...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

William Rugg

aka: Rugge, Repps, Reppes
borndied
unknown1550
an English Benedictine theologian, and bishop of Norwich from 1536 to 1549. He was a Doctor of Divinity of Gonville Hall, Cambridge in 1513. The Carthusian Thomas Spencer (died 1529) wrote A Trialogus between Thomas Bilney, Hugh Latimer and William Repps...
more
Links (1)


Maria Eliza Rundell

borndied
17451828
a 19th-century British author of cookery books. Well known for her economically responsible ideas, Rundell was admired throughout the classes, although she often referred to her work as necessary for the " 'modern' middleclass housewife". A New System of Domestic Cookery was Rundell’s first book and a bestseller. It continued to be published, in revised fo...
more
Links (1)


Johan Ludvig Runeberg

borndied
1804, Feb 51877, May 6
a Finland-Swedish poet, and is the national poet of Finland. He wrote in the Swedish language. Runeberg's most famous work is Fänrik Ståls sägner (The Tales of Ensign Stål, Vänrikki Stoolin tarinat in Finnish) written between 1848 and 1860. It is considered the greatest Finnish epic poem outside the native Kalevala tradition and contains tales of the Fi...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Legal

John Rushworth

borndied
1612 ca1690, May 12
an English lawyer, historian and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1657 and 1685. He compiled a series of works covering the English Civil Wars throughout the 17th century called Historical Collections and also known as the Rushworth Papers.
Links (1)


John Ruskin

borndied
1819, Feb 81900, Jan 20
the leading English art critic of the Victorian era, as well as an art patron, draughtsman, watercolourist, a prominent social thinker and philanthropist. He wrote on subjects as varied as geology, architecture, myth, ornithology, literature, education, botany and political economy. His writing styles and literary forms were equally varied. Ruskin also penne...
more
Timeline (1)Links (1)


Ryokan

aka: Ryokwan
borndied
17581831
a quiet and eccentric Soto Zen Buddhist monk who lived much of his life as a hermit. Ryokan is remembered for his poetry and calligraphy, which present the essence of Zen life. His poetry is often very simple and inspired by nature. He loved children, and sometimes forgot to beg for food because he was playing with the children of the nearby village. Ry?kan...
more
Links (1)


Elizabeth Ryves

borndied
17501797, Apr 29
an Irish author, poet, dramatist, novelist, journalist, and translator. Eliza commonly worked writing for magazines unpaid. In 1777, Eliza Ryves had published a volume of poems entitled Poems on Several Occasions which was originally subscription based. Ryves was given £100 as payment for two of her dramatic plays, but neither were ever acted out: The poetr...
more
Links (1)

Colonial Sense is an advocate for global consumer privacy rights, protection and security.
All material on this website © copyright 2009-19 by Colonial Sense, except where otherwise indicated.
ref:T5-S50-P1111-C-M