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Much of what we know about the Early Modern era comes from the writings of that time. With the proliferation of the printing press and a somewhat more literate population, much more literature of this period is preserved (as opposed to earlier times). Whether from a novel, play, travel journal or scientific paper, these writings add greatly to our knowledge of our history.
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Francois Gacon

aka: François
borndied
1667, Feb 161725, Nov 15
a French satirical poet and translator. known as "the unvarnished Poet", born in Lyon and died in Baillon. He is known for his satires against Jean-Baptiste Rousseau, Houdar La Motte, Boileau, Bossuet, Voltaire and many others.
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Jacopo Gaddi

borndied
1600 ca1658 ca
an Italian Neolatin and Italian writer from Florence. n 1628 he published a volume of Latin Poemata. Between 1636 and 1637 he published several works in Italian and Latin, including Elogia, Adlocutiones, and some short historical essays and poems. In two folios in 1648 and 1649 Gaddi published his most ambitious work, De Scriptoribus non-Ecclesiasticis, Grae...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Thomas Gage

borndied
1597 ca1656
an English clergyman. As a Spanish Dominican he served as professor of rhetoric in the convent of Jerez, and then volunteered in 1625 for the mission to the Philippines. He spent two or three years in the priory in Guatemala City, where he seems to have liked the opportunity for study but began to have religious doubts and was led to ask to return to England...
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William Gager

borndied
15551622
an English jurist, now known for his Latin dramas. His works were produced at the University of Oxford, from 1582 to 1592. He was considered one of the major dramatists of the late sixteenth century. Apart from one comedy, Rivales, which has not survived, his works were all Latin tragedies. They include Meleager (1582), Dido (1583) and Ulysses Redux (1592)....
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Cross-listed in InventorsLegal

Paulin Gagne

aka: Etienne-Paulin
borndied
18081876
a French poet, essayist, lawyer, politician, inventor, and eccentric whose best known poem, The Woman-Messiah, is among the longest poems in French, or any language. The poem is 25,000 verses (60 acts and 12 songs) and is notable for its 24th act entitled Bestiologie which enumerates the advantages that a citizen of Paris would have by marrying the animals o...
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Walter Gale

bornactivedied
unknown1750-1771unknown
the first schoolmaster of the Mayfield Charity School in Mayfield, East Sussex, now the Mayfield Church of England Primary School, serving from 1750 until 1771. Gale's diaries, which have been used by a number of historians to describe the nature of the English countryside, English schooling and even the social status of tobacco smoking, describe the life of...
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Cross-listed in Astronomers

Galileo Galilei

bornactivedied
1564, Feb 151581-16381642, Jan 8
an Italian astronomer, physicist, engineer, philosopher, and mathematician who played a major role in the scientific revolution during the Renaissance.
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Louise von Gall

borndied
1815, Sep 191855, Mar 16
a nineteenth-century German novelist and social critic. She spent her childhood in Darmstadt and lived from 1830 to 1831 in the Schenkendorfstraße in Mannheim, where she learned English, French and Italian and received singing lessons. With her mother, Louise von Gall made several trips to Vienna, where she published the first works under the pen name "Loui...
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Antoine Galland

borndied
1646, Ar 41715, Feb 17
a French orientalist and archaeologist, most famous as the first European translator of One Thousand and One Nights which he called Les mille et une nuits. His version of the tales appeared in twelve volumes between 1704 and 1717 and exerted a significant influence on subsequent European literature and attitudes to the Islamic world.
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Juan Nicasio Gallego

borndied
1777, Dec 141853, Jan 9
a Spanish priest and poet. He was born in Zamora, Spain and died in Madrid. He received his training at Salamanca; entering into Holy orders, he soon went to Madrid, where he was given a post in the royal palace, being made director of the royal pages. His feelings as a patriot and his love for pseudo-classicism led him to associate himself with the coterie ...
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Jean Gallois

borndied
1632, Jun 141707, Apr 9
a French scholar and abbé. Gallois was co-founder with Denis de Sallo of the Journal des sçavans, and directed its publication from 1666 to 1674. Readers of the Journal found Sallo outrageously lacking in respectfulness, while also complaining of review articles by Gallois as no more than bland compilations. His Breviarium Colbertinum was published ...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Henry Gally

borndied
16961769, Aug 7
an English divine and classical scholar. Lord-chancellor King appointed him his domestic chaplain in 1725, and preferred him to a prebend in the church of Gloucester, 15 May 1728, and to another in the church of Norwich in 1731. He also presented him to the rectory of Ashney or Ashton, Northamptonshire, in 1730, and to that of St. Giles-in-the-Fields in 1732...
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John Galt

borndied
1779, May 21839, Apr 11
a Scottish novelist, entrepreneur, and political and social commentator. Because he was the first novelist to deal with issues of the Industrial Revolution, he has been called the first political novelist in the English language. He was the founder of the city of Guelph in Canada. Galt's novels are best known for their depiction of Scottish rural life, tinge...
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Cross-listed in ExplorersAstronomers

Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa

borndied
15321592
a Spanish explorer, author, historian, astronomer, and scientist. His birthplace is not certain and may have been Pontevedra, in Galicia. In Lima he was accused by the Inquisition of possessing two magic rings and some magic ink and of following the precepts of Moses. In 1572 he was commissioned by Francisco de Toledo, the fifth Viceroy of Peru, to write a h...
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Adolphe Ganot

borndied
18041887
a French author and publisher of physics textbooks. His textbooks are said to have made, during the second half of the nineteenth century, "a decisive contribution to physics and its teaching on an international scale". His popular "Treatise on Physics" (French: "Traité de Physique") was translated in a number of languages.
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Gao E

borndied
1738 ca1815 ca
a Chinese scholar and editor. In 1791, together with his partner Cheng Weiyuan, he "recovered" the last forty chapters of Cao Xueqin's monumental novel Dream of the Red Chamber (sometimes called The Story of the Stone). The nature and extent of his contributions to the work and the sources of his material are a matter of controversy, but it is believed by a ...
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James Garbett

borndied
18021879
a British academic and Anglican cleric who became the Archdeacon of Chichester. He was a Fellow of Brasenose College, Oxford. He was an Evangelical and an opponent of the Oxford Movement. He was the anti-Tractarian candidate in the election of the Professor of Poetry in 1841/2. The 'Oxford Movement' candidate to replace John Keble in that position was Isaac ...
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John Garbrand

borndied
1646/1647unknown
an English political writer. Garbrand was born at Abingdon, Berkshire. John became a commoner of New Inn Hall, Oxford, in Midsummer term 1664, and proceeded B.A. on 28 Jan. 1667. He was afterwards called to the bar at the Inner Temple. He wrote: 1. ‘The grand Inquest; or a full and perfect Answer to several Reasons by which it is pretended his Royal Highne...
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James Gardiner the Elder

borndied
16371705
an English bishop of Lincoln. He entered Emmanuel College, Cambridge, in 1649, taking the degrees of B.A. 1652-3, M.A. 1656, and D.D. 1669. On the Restoration he obtained favour at court, became chaplain to the Duke of Monmouth, chaplain to the guards, and received the crown living of Epworth, Lincolnshire. He was an antiquary and assisted Simon Patrick, whe...
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James Gardiner the Younger

borndied
16891732, Mar 24
an Anglican sub-dean of Lincoln, England, as well as a writer and translator. He translated René Rapin's Of Gardens in 1706, the frontispice of this edition shows his portrait by John Verelst in the age of 25 and dated 1704. In 1713 Gardiner published two original works, both of which went to a second edition: The Duty of Peace amongst Members of the same S...
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Jane Gardiner

borndied
17581840
a British schoolmistress and grammarian. Gardiner was the author of several educational texts. In 1799 she published her Young Ladies’ Grammar, an unusual grammar that used French as a model for English grammar. (for context, see History of English grammars.) In 1801 she published two accompanying volumes called English Exercises. She followed these with a...
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Marguerite Gardiner

aka: Countess of Blessington
borndied
1789, Sep 11849, Jun 4
an Irish novelist, journalist, and literary hostess. After her husband's death she supplemented her diminished income by contributing to various periodicals as well as by writing novels. She was for some years editor of The Book of Beauty and The Keepsake, popular annuals of the day. In 1834 she published her Conversations with Lord Byron. Her Idler in Italy...
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Richard Gardiner

borndied
15911670
an English divine. As deputy-orator to the university, some time previous to 1620, he delivered an 'eloquent oration' upon James I's gift of his own works to the library. James I, according to Wood, gave to Gardiner the reversion of the next vacant canonry at Christ Church in reward for a speech made before the king 'in the Scottish tone.' He was accordingly...
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Samuel Gardiner

borndied
1563/1564unknown
the author of A Booke of Angling or Fishing. Wherein is shewed by conference with Scriptures the agreement betweene the Fishermen, Fishes, Fishing, of both natures, Temporall and Spirituall, Math. iv. 19. Printed by Thomas Purfoot, 1606. All that is known of him is that he was D.D. and chaplain to Archbishop Abbot. Only two copies of his book are known. One...
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Cross-listed in Military

Giuseppe Garibaldi

borndied
1807, Jul 41882, Jun 2
an Italian general, politician and nationalist who played a large role in the history of Italy. He is considered, with Camillo Cavour, Victor Emmanuel II and Giuseppe Mazzini, as one of Italy's "fathers of the fatherland". Garibaldi was a central figure in the Italian Risorgimento, since he personally commanded and fought in many military campaigns that led ...
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François-Xavier Garneau

borndied
1809, Jun 151866, Feb 3
a nineteenth-century French Canadian notary, poet, civil servant and liberal who wrote a three-volume history of the French Canadian nation entitled Histoire du Canada between 1845 and 1848. Garneau was an honorary member of literary and historical societies in the United States and Canada, and for several years president of the Institut Canadien of Quebec. ...
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Cross-listed in ArtistsPiratesNaval

Ambroise Louis Garneray

borndied
1783, Feb 191857, Sep 11
a French corsair, painter and writer. He served under Robert Surcouf and Jean-Marie Dutertre, and was held prisoner by the British for eight years. At thirteen, he joined the Navy as a seaman, encouraged by his cousin, Beaulieu-Leloup, commander of the frigate Forte ("the Stout one"). Garneray sailed from Rochefort to the Indian Ocean with the frigate divisi...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

John Garnett

borndied
1707/17081782, Mar 1
an English bishop of Clogher in the Church of Ireland. In 1751 Garnett went to Ireland as chaplain to the Lord Lieutenant, Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset. In 1752 he became Bishop of Ferns and Leighlin; he was translated to Clogher in 1758, and remained bishop of Clogher until his death. The only work of Garnett, besides some occasional sermons, was hi...
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Cross-listed in ClergyScientists

Thomas Garnier

borndied
17761873
an English churchman and botanist, Dean of Winchester from 1840 to 1872. He was educated at Hyde Abbey School and Worcester College, Oxford. He was appointed Rector of Bishopstoke, Hampshire, in 1807. Whilst Dean, he was a founding member of the Hampshire Horticultural Society in 1818 (Dean Garnier's Garden in Winchester's cathedral close is named after him)...
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Almeida Garrett

aka: João Baptista da Silva Leitão de Almeida Garrett, Viscount of Almeida Garrett
borndied
1799, Feb 41854, Dec 9
a Portuguese poet, playwright, novelist and politician. He is considered to be the introducer of the Romantic movement in Portugal. He is regarded as one of history's greatest Romanticists and a true revolutionary and humanist. In 1843, Garrett published Romanceiro e Cancioneiro Geral, a collection of folklore; two years later, he wrote the first volume of h...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Jeremiah Learnoult Garrett

bornactivedied
unknown1800sunknown
an English dissenting minister. At the age of fourteen or fifteen he had a vision of an "ancient form", which he took to be Jesus Christ. A dissenting minister was called in to see him, to whom he confessed his sins; the minister 'pointed him to the blood of Christ.' Subsequently, however, he took to vicious courses, had a man-of-war's man who had assaulted ...
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Cross-listed in Physicians

Samuel Garth

borndied
16611719, Jan 18
an English physician and poet. In 1697 he delivered the Harveian Oration, in which he advocated a scheme dating from some ten years back for providing dispensaries for the relief of the sick poor, as a protection against the greed of the apothecaries. In 1699 he published a mock-heroic poem, The Dispensary, in six cantos, which had an instant success, passin...
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Cross-listed in Military

George Gascoigne

borndied
1535 ca1577, Oct 7
an English poet, soldier and unsuccessful courtier. He is considered the most important poet of the early Elizabethan era, following Sir Thomas Wyatt and Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey and leading to the emergence of Philip Sidney. He was the first poet to deify Queen Elizabeth I, in effect establishing her cult as a virgin goddess married to her kingdom and s...
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Elizabeth Gaskell

aka: Mrs Gaskell
borndied
1810, Sep 291865, Nov 12
an English novelist and short story writer during the Victorian era. Her novels offer a detailed portrait of the lives of many strata of society, including the very poor, and are of interest to social historians as well as lovers of literature. Her first novel, Mary Barton, was published in 1848. Gaskell's The Life of Charlotte Brontë, published in 1857, wa...
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Pierre Gassendi

bornactivedied
1592, Jan 221617-16531655, Oct 24
a French philosopher, priest, scientist, astronomer, and mathematician. While he held a church position in south-east France, he also spent much time in Paris, where he was a leader of a group of free-thinking intellectuals. He was also an active observational scientist, publishing the first data on the transit of Mercury in 1631. The lunar crater Gassendi i...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Thomas Gataker

borndied
1574, Sep 41654, Jun 27
an English clergyman and theologian. He was born in London, the son of Thomas Gatacre. He was educated at St John's College, Cambridge. From 1601 to 1611 he held the appointment of preacher to the society of Lincoln's Inn, which he resigned on accepting the rectory of Rotherhithe. In 1642 he was chosen a member of the Westminster Assembly, and annotated for ...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Alfred Gatty

borndied
1813, Apr 181903, Jan 20
a Church of England vicar and author. He was born in London to Robert Gatty, a solicitor, and Margaret Jones. In 1831 he entered Exeter College, Oxford, graduating in 1836. He was ordained a deacon in 1837 and was appointed as curate of Bellerby in the North Riding of Yorkshire. He was ordained priest in 1838, and was appointed vicar of Ecclesfield on 23 Sep...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

John Gauden

borndied
16051662, May 23
an English Bishop of Exeter then Bishop of Worcester and writer, and the reputed author of the important Royalist work Eikon Basilike. He seems to have remained at Oxford until 1630, when he became vicar of Chippenham. His sympathies were at first with the parliamentary party. He was chaplain to Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick, and preached before th...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

John Gaule

borndied
1603 ca1687
an English Puritan cleric, now remembered for his partially sceptical views on astrology, witchcraft and hermetic philosophy. Gaule's one preferment was as vicar of Great Staughton, Huntingdonshire, through Viscountess Campden by 1632, though there is some confusion on the point. Gaule clashed with, and preached against, the self-appointed witch-hunter activ...
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Theophile Gautier

aka: Théophile
borndied
1811, Aug 301872, Oct 23
a French poet, dramatist, novelist, journalist, and art and literary critic. While Gautier was an ardent defender of Romanticism, his work is difficult to classify and remains a point of reference for many subsequent literary traditions such as Parnassianism, Symbolism, Decadence and Modernism. In many of Gautier's works, the subject is less important than t...
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Cross-listed in Composers

John Gay

borndied
1685, Jun 301732, Dec 4
an English poet and dramatist and member of the Scriblerus Club. He is best remembered for The Beggar's Opera (1728), a ballad opera. The characters, including Captain Macheath and Polly Peachum, became household names. He wrote a sequel, Polly, relating the adventures of Polly Peachum in the West Indies; its production was forbidden by the Lord Chamberlain,...
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Cross-listed in Composers

Erik Gustaf Geijer

borndied
1783, Jan 121847, Apr 23
a Swedish writer, historian, poet, philosopher, and composer. His writings served to promote Swedish National Romanticism. He also was an influential advocate of Liberalism. Geijer was also a noted historian, although he did not complete any one of the vast undertakings which he planned.
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Gerard Geldenhouwer

borndied
14821542, Jan 10
a Dutch historian. He followed an education at the Latin school in Deventer, before he joined the Augustinians. After this he studied at Leuven. Here he wrote his first publications, amongst which are a collection of Satires in the trend of Erasmus' Praise of Folly. In this period he also oversaw the printing of several works of Erasmus and Thomas More.
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Christian Furchtegott Gellert

aka: Christian Fürchtegott
borndied
1715, Jul 41769, Dec 13
a German poet, one of the forerunners of the golden age of German literature that was ushered in by Lessing. The esteem and veneration in which Gellert was held by the students, and indeed by persons in all classes of society, was unbounded, and yet due perhaps less to his unrivalled popularity as a lecturer and writer than to his personal character. He was ...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Olympe-Philippe Gerbet

borndied
1798, Feb 51864, Aug 7
a French Catholic bishop and writer. The years 1839-49 he spent in Rome, gathering data for his "Esquisse de Rome Chrétienne". Recalled by Monseigneur Sibour, he became successively professor of sacred eloquence at the Sorbonne, Vicar-General of Amiens, and bishop of Perpignan (1854). His episcopate was marked by the holding of a synod, the reorganization o...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Paul Gerhardt

borndied
1607, Mar 121676, May 27
a German theologian, Lutheran minister and hymn writer. He also sponsored a series of conferences between the Lutheran and Reformed clergy in the hopes of having them arrive at some consensus, but the result was the opposite: the more the two sides argued the further apart they found themselves. Gerhardt was a leading voice among the Lutheran clergy, and dre...
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Antoine Gerin-Lajoie

aka: Gérin-Lajoie
borndied
1824, Aug 41882, Aug 4
a Québécois Canadian poet and novelist. He was the author of the famous poem Un Canadien Errant (English: A Wandering Canadian). He was the father of the sociologist Leon Grin. In 1844 he proposed the founding of the famous Institut Canadien of Montreal and became its first secretary; he delivered several addresses to the members and was elected president ...
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Cross-listed in Inventors

Friedrich Clemens Gerke

borndied
1801, Jan 221888, May 21
a German writer, journalist, musician and pioneer of telegraphy who revised the Morse code in 1848. It is Gerke's notation which is used today. In the years before Gerke joined the optical and later the electrical telegraph, he worked as a musician in pubs and establishments for sailors on the Reeperbahn. This area of Hamburg was under Danish administration ...
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Jean-Baptiste Germain

borndied
17011781
an 18th-century Occitan writer from Provence. He was also a French diplomat in Algeria at the service of the Compagnie Royale d'Afrique. There is little information available about the details of his life. His most famous work is La Bourrido deis Dieoux (La Borrida dei Dieus, in classical Occitan), published in 1760 and also in 1820 in the anthology Lou Bouq...
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Friedrich Gerstacker

aka: Gerstäcker
borndied
1816, May 101872, May 31
a German traveler and novelist. In 1837, however, just younger than 21 and having imbibed from Robinson Crusoe a taste for adventure, he went to America and wandered over a large part of the United States, supporting himself by whatever work came to hand. He became fireman on a steamboat, deck hand, farmer, silversmith, and merchant. After wandering through...
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Cross-listed in ArtistsPerformers

Ludwig Geyer

borndied
1779, Jan 211821, Sep 30
a German actor, playwright, and painter. Geyer grew up in Artern and attended gymnasium in Eisleben. He started studying jurisprudence at the University of Leipzig but had to quit in 1799 when his father died after an accident. Geyer turned his hobby to his profession and earned the living expenses for his family by selling small portrait paintings. In 1801 ...
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Ghalib

aka: Mirza Asadulla Khan
borndied
1797, Dec 271869, Feb 15
the preeminent Indian Urdu and Persian-language poet during the last years of the Mughal Empire. He used his pen-names of Ghalib and Asad. His honorific was Dabir-ul-Mulk, Najm-ud-Daula. During his lifetime the Mughals were eclipsed and displaced by the British and finally deposed following the defeat of the Indian rebellion of 1857, events that he described...
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Phebe Gibbes

bornactivedied
unknown1764-17901805
an 18th-century English novelist and early feminist. She authored twenty-two books between 1764 and 1790, and is best known for the novels The History of Mr. Francis Clive (1764), The Fruitless Repentance; or, the History of Miss Kitty Le Fever (1769), and The History of Miss Eliza Musgrove (1769).
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Edward Gibbon

borndied
1737, May 81794, Jan 16
an English historian, writer and Member of Parliament. His most important work, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, was published in six volumes between 1776 and 1788 and is known for the quality and irony of its prose, its use of primary sources, and its open criticism of organized religion. Gibbon's work has been criticised for its sca...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

John Gibbons

borndied
15441589
an English Jesuit theologian and controversialist. Gibbons entered Lincoln College, Oxford, in 1561, but left the university without a degree. After studying philosophy and theology for seven years in the German College in Rome, he obtained doctorates in both in 1576 and was ordained a Catholic priest. Pope Gregory XIII gave Gibbons a canonry in the cathedra...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Thomas Gibbons

borndied
1720, May 311785, Feb 22
a London nonconformist minister who wrote hymns, sermons, and poetry. In 1742 Gibbons was appointed assistant to the Rev. Thomas Bures, minister of the Silver Street Presbyterian congregation, and in the next year he was chosen minister of the Independent congregation of Haberdashers' Hall. A favourite form of composition was elegies on the death of his frie...
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Francis Gibson

borndied
1753, Jan1805, Jul 24
an English writer and occasional painter. He became a seaman, voyaged to North America, and afterwards, as master mariner in a ship of his father's, to the Baltic. In 1787 he was, on the recommendation of Lord Mulgrave, appointed to the collectorship of customs at Whitby, which office he held till his death. Among his other works, he wrote a play in five act...
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Cross-listed in Educators

Angus Morrison Gidney

borndied
1803, May 41882, Jan 20
a Canadian educator, poet and journalist. Gidney taught school for a number of years before becoming editor of the Novascotian in 1843; later that year, he became associate editor after William Annand purchased the paper. He was also parliamentary reporter for the Morning Chronicle. Gidney married Experience Beals. In 1845, he purchased the Yarmouth Herald. ...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Andrew Gifford

borndied
17001784
an English Baptist minister and numismatist. Gifford seems to have performed ministerial work in Nottingham in 1725. At the beginning of 1730 he accepted a call from the Baptist meeting in Eagle Street, London. He was chaplain to Sir Richard Ellys, and after Sir Richard's death to Lady Ellys, from 1731 to 1745. Two of Gifford's sermons were published, one on...
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Domenico Gilardoni

borndied
17981831
an Italian opera librettist, most well known for his collaborations with the composers Vincenzo Bellini (his first work) and Gaetano Donizetti. Most of his early work was for the Teatro Nuovo, where his librettos contained much prose and often included comic roles in Neapolitan dialect. His first published libretto was Bianca e Gernando for Bellini. Gilardon...
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Cross-listed in AstronomersPhysicians

William Gilbert

aka: Gilberd
borndied
1544, May 241603, Nov 30
an English physician, physicist and natural philosopher. He passionately rejected both the prevailing Aristotelian philosophy and the Scholastic method of university teaching. He is remembered today largely for his book De Magnete (1600), and is credited as one of the originators of the term "electricity". He is regarded by some as the father of electrical e...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Anthony Gilby

borndied
1510 ca1585
an English clergyman, known as a radical Puritan and translator of the Geneva Bible, the first English Bible available to the general public. He was born in Lincolnshire, and was educated at Christ's College, Cambridge, graduating in 1535. In Gilby’s early life, he served as a preacher in Leicestershire. During this time, he was brought together with peopl...
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Charles Gildon

borndied
1665 ca1724, Jan 1
an English hack writer who was, by turns, a translator, biographer, essayist, playwright, poet, author of fictional letters, fabulist, short story author, and critic. He provided the source for many lives of Restoration figures, although he appears to have propagated or invented numerous errors with them. He is remembered best as a target of Alexander Pope's...
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Caroline Howard Gilman

borndied
17941888
an American author. She was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the daughter of Samuel Howard, and married Rev. Samuel Gilman, a Unitarian who occupied a pastorate at Charleston, South Carolina, from 1819 to 1858. In 1832, she began to edit the Rosebud, a juvenile weekly newspaper, which subsequently took the name of the Southern Rose. Some of her works enjoyed c...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Samuel Gilman

borndied
17911858
an American clergyman and author. He was an active advocate of the temperance cause. His writings consisted of Fair Harvard (1836), a hymn; contributions to periodicals; translations of certain of Boileau's satires; and other works.
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Pierre-Louis Ginguene

aka: Ginguené
borndied
1748, Apr 251816, Nov 16
a French author. He was imprisoned during the Reign of Terror and escaped with life only by the downfall of Maximilien Robespierre. He was one of the commission appointed to continue the Histoire littéraire de la France, and he contributed to the volumes of this series which appeared in 1814, 1817 and 1820. Ginguené's most important work is the Histoire l...
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Giglio Gregorio Giraldi

aka: Lilius Gregorius Gyraldus, Giraldus
borndied
1479, Jun 141552, Feb
an Italian scholar and well renowned poet. Giraldi was a man of very extensive erudition; and numerous testimonies to his profundity and accuracy have been given both by contemporary and by later scholars. His Historia de diis gentium (1548) marked a distinctly forward step in the systematic study of classical mythology; and by his treatises De annis et mens...
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Henriette Gislesen

borndied
1809, Apr 91859, May 20
a Norwegian writer. After some years as a widow she also debuted as a moralistic writer. In 1843 she released the book En Moders veiledende Ord til sin Datter ("A Mother's Guiding Words to her Daughter"). It was released anonymously, but translated to Danish, German and English. In time she used her real name and published several books, including textbooks ...
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Cross-listed in Legal

Alvise Giusti

borndied
17091766
an Italian lawyer, poet, and librettist. He is often confused with his uncle, Girolamo Giusti, who also wrote libretti. Between them, they produced at least four, although it is has been unclear which Giusti wrote which libretto, and sometimes they have wrongly been assumed to be the same person. In the past, the libretto for Vivaldi's 1733 opera Motezuma ha...
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Giuseppe Giusti

borndied
1809, May 121850, May 31
an Italian poet and satirist. Giusti became known for witty satires written during the period of the Italian Risorgimento. His commentary during the early years of Italy’s nationalistic movement against Austrian rule outlived their political period, and are enjoyed for their Tuscan lively style and preservation of the classic Tuscan tongue. His satires def...
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Cross-listed in Scientists

Christopher Glaser

borndied
16151670-1678
a pharmaceutical chemist of the 17th century. He was born in Basel. He became demonstrator of chemistry, as successor of Lefebvre, at the Jardin du Roi in Paris, and apothecary to Louis XIV and to the Duke of Orléans. He is best known through his Traité de la chymie (Paris, 1663), which went through some ten editions in about twenty-five years, and was tra...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

John Glover

borndied
17141774, May 9
an English preacher and writer. Glover left school at age 13, and was apprenticed to business. Later he retired on a legacy from an uncle. In 1748 he was influenced by the teaching of the Methodists at Norwich. His published memoirs are entirely devoted to religious reflection, and he corresponded with the Calvinist writer Anne Dutton. In 1761, his health fa...
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Stephen Glover

borndied
1794, Feb 201870
an English author and antiquary. Stephen Glover compiled the Peak Guide in 1830, and assisted author Stephen Bateman in his Antiquities of Derbyshire, in 1848. Glover's best known work is the History and Gazetteer of the County of Derby. The first volume was published in 1831, and the second in 1833. These volumes had been delayed some time owing to the disp...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Thomas Goad

borndied
15761638
an English clergyman, controversial writer, and rector of Hadleigh, Suffolk. A participant at the Synod of Dort, he changed his views there from Calvinist to Arminian, against the sense of the meeting. He wrote two anti-Catholic populist tracts in 1623: on Robert Drury, and as author or editor the Friers Chronicle, a collection of nasty sexual tales supposed...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Guru Gobind Singh

aka: Gobind Rai
borndied
1666, Dec 221708, Oct 7
the 10th Sikh Guru, a spiritual master, warrior, poet and philosopher. He succeeded his father, Guru Tegh Bahadur, as the leader of the Sikhs at the age of nine and became the last of the living Sikh Gurus. He died without lineal descendant after the martyrdom of his four sons during his lifetime. Among his notable contributions to Sikhism are founding the S...
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Rudolph Goclenius

borndied
1547, Mar 11628, Jun 8
a German scholastic philosopher. Gockel’s main contribution to science was his invention of the term “psychology” in 1590. Gockel also had extensive backing and significant contributions to the field of ontology. He extended on many ideas from Aristotle, such as both the introduction of ontology and metaphysics. Several of Gockel’s ideas were publish...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Antoine Godeau

borndied
1605, Sep 241672, Apr 21
a French bishop, poet and exegete. His verse-writing early won the interest of a relative in Paris, Valentin Conrart, at whose house the literary world gathered. He is now known for his work of criticism Discours de la poésie chrétienne from 1633. He turned his talent for versification to religious uses, his best known productions being a metrical version ...
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John Godolphin

borndied
1617, Nov 291678, Apr 4
an English jurist and writer, an admiralty judge under the Commonwealth. He took the Parliamentarian side, and on 30 July 1653 was appointed judge of the admiralty, with William Clerk and Charles George Cocke. After Clarke's death Godolphin and Cock were reappointed in July 1659 to hold the same office until 10 December. After the Restoration he became one o...
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Sidney Godolphin

borndied
16101643, Feb 9
an English poet, courtier and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1628 and 1643. He died fighting in the Royalist army in the English Civil War. Godolphin left poems which were never collected in a separate volume. "The Passion of Dido for Æneas, as it is incomparably expressed in the fourth book of Virgil," finished by Edmund Waller, was pub...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Francis Godwin

borndied
15621633, Apr
an English historian, science fiction author, divine, Bishop of Llandaff and of Hereford. He was elected student of Christ Church, Oxford, in 1578, took his bachelor's degree in 1580, and that of master in 1583. In 1616 Godwin published Rerum Anglicarum, Henrico VIII., Edwardo VI. et Maria regnantibus, Annales, which was afterwards translated and published b...
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Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

borndied
1749, Aug 281832, Mar 22
a German writer and statesman. His body of work includes epic and lyric poetry written in a variety of metres and styles; prose and verse dramas; memoirs; an autobiography; literary and aesthetic criticism; treatises on botany, anatomy, and colour; and four novels. In addition, numerous literary and scientific fragments, more than 10,000 letters, and nearly ...
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Nikolai Gogol

borndied
1809, Mar 191852, Feb 21
a Russian dramatist of Ukrainian origin. Although Gogol was considered by his contemporaries one of the preeminent figures of the natural school of Russian literary realism, later critics have found in his work a fundamentally romantic sensibility, with strains of surrealism and the grotesque.
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Philippe Goibaut

aka: Monsieur Du Bois
borndied
1629, Mar 22?1694, Jul 1
a translator of St. Augustine, member of the Académie Française and director of Mademoiselle de Guise's musical ensemble. He began trying his hand at translation, consulting with Antoine Arnauld about Port-Royal’s translation of the New Testament and gaining Arnauld’s lasting respect for his translation skills. Goibaut would soon be described as a man ...
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Arthur Golding

borndied
1536 ca1606, May
an English translator of more than 30 works from Latin into English. While primarily remembered today for his translation of Ovid's Metamorphoses because of its influence on William Shakespeare's works, in his own time he was most famous for his translation of Caesar's Commentaries, and his translations of the sermons of John Calvin were important in spreadi...
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Carlo Goldoni

borndied
1707, Feb 251793, Feb 6
an Italian playwright and librettist from the Republic of Venice. His works include some of Italy's most famous and best-loved plays. Audiences have admired the plays of Goldoni for their ingenious mix of wit and honesty. His plays offered his contemporaries images of themselves, often dramatizing the lives, values, and conflicts of the emerging middle class...
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Oliver Goldsmith [1]

borndied
1728, Nov 101774, Apr 4
an Irish novelist, playwright and poet, who is best known for his novel The Vicar of Wakefield (1766), his pastoral poem The Deserted Village (1770), and his plays The Good-Natur'd Man (1768) and She Stoops to Conquer (1771, first performed in 1773). He is thought to have written the classic children's tale The History of Little Goody Two-Shoes (1765).
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Oliver Goldsmith [2]

borndied
17941861
a Canadian poet born in St. Andrews, New Brunswick. He is best known for The Rising Village, which appeared in 1825. It was at once the first book-length poem published by a native English-Canadian and the first book-length publication in England by a Canadian poet. Furthermore his Autobiography is the first autobiography of a native Canadian writer. He is n...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Charles Pourtales Golightly

borndied
1807, May 231885, Dec 25
an Anglican clergyman and religious writer. For some time he was curate of Headington; he held the miserably endowed vicarage of Baldon Toot, and he occasionally officiated in the church of St. Peter in the East, Oxford, for Hamilton, afterwards bishop of Salisbury. He was a thorough student of theology and history. Even opponents admitted his deep religious...
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Francisco Lopez de Gomara

aka: Francisco López de Gómara
borndied
1511 ca1566 ca
a Spanish historian who worked in Seville, particularly noted for his works in which he described the early 16th century expedition undertaken by Hernán Cortés in the Spanish conquest of the New World. Although Gómara himself did not accompany Cortés, and had in fact never been to the Americas, he had firsthand access to Cortés and others of the returni...
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Antoine Gombaud

aka: Chevalier de Méré
borndied
16071684, Dec 29
a French writer, born in Poitou. Although he was not a nobleman, he adopted the title Chevalier (Knight) for the character in his dialogues who represented his own views (Chevalier de Méré because he was educated at Méré ). Later his friends began calling him by that name. Méré was an important Salon theorist. Like many 17th century liberal thinkers, h...
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Jean Ogier de Gombauld

bornactivedied
15761624-16661666
a French playwright and poet. Gombauld was born in Saint-Just-Luzac, Charente-Maritime and was a Huguenot. He was one of the original members of the Académie française. He also wrote novels, but has been described as a mediocre novelist. He died in Paris.
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Marin le Roy de Gomberville

borndied
16001674, Jun 14
a French poet and novelist. He was born at Paris, and at fourteen he produced a volume of poetry. At twenty he wrote a Discours sur l'histoire and at twenty-two a pastoral, La Charité, which is really a novel. The characters, though disguised as shepherds and shepherdesses, represent real people for whose identification the author himself provides a key. Th...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Jean Francois Paul de Gondi

aka: Jean François Paul, cardinal de Retz
borndied
1613, Sep291679, Aug 24
a French churchman, writer of memoirs, and agitator in the Fronde. He was Archbishop of Paris for almost twenty years. During the last ten years of his life, Retz wrote his Memoirs, which go up to the year 1655. They are addressed in the form of narrative to a lady who is not known, though guesses have been made at her identity, some even suggesting Madame d...
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Luis de Gongora

aka: Góngora
borndied
1561, Jul 111627, May 24
a Spanish Baroque lyric poet. Góngora and his lifelong rival, Francisco de Quevedo, are widely considered the most prominent Spanish poets of all time. His style is characterized by what was called culteranismo, also known as Gongorism (Gongorismo). This style existed in stark contrast to Quevedo's conceptismo.
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Edmund Goodenough

borndied
17861845
an English churchman, dean of Wells from 1831. Having taken orders, Goodenough became tutor and censor of Christ Church, and in 1810 was appointed curate of Cowley, Oxford. In 1819 Goodenough was appointed headmaster of Westminster School and subalmoner to the king, in succession to William Page. He wrote and published several sermons.
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Cross-listed in Clergy

John Goodwin

borndied
15941665
an English preacher, theologian and prolific author of significant books. In 1639 Goodwin wrote a preface to the posthumous sermons of Henry Ramsden. During the next two years he published several sermons, and a tract (1641) criticising the positions of George Walker, of St. John's, Watling Street. Walker retorted upon Goodwin and others with a charge of Soc...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Philip Goodwin

borndied
unknown1699
an English divine. Goodwin, a native of Suffolk, was educated at St. John's College, Cambridge, and proceeded M.A. in 1630. During the First English Civil War he sided with the Parliamentarians, and was appointed one of the 'triers' for Hertfordshire. By an ordinance of the lords and commons, dated 23 April 1645, he became vicar of Watford in that county, in...
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Edmund Goodwyn

borndied
17561829, Aug 8
an English medical writer. He was the son of Edmund Goodwyn, surgeon, of Framlingham, Suffolk. Goodwyn was born and baptised there on 2 December 1756. Having graduated M.D. he practised as a medical man in London, but retired to Framlingham some years before his death. He wrote and published several medical treatises.
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Barnabe Googe

aka: Goche, Barnaby Goodge
borndied
1540, Jun 111594, Feb 7
a poet and translator, one of the earliest English pastoral poets. Googe's poems are written in the plain or native style which preceded and subsequently competed with the Petrarchan style. Petrarchan love poetry was decorative, metaphorical and often exaggerated; it also involved a more fluid mastery of iambic English poetry than the alliterative Native Sty...
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Sir Vincent Gookin [1]

borndied
1594 ca1638, Feb 5
an English born landowner in Ireland. He fled to England when a warrant for his arrest was issued. His case raised the question of the judicial powers of the Irish parliament. Sir Vincent (when and for what reason he was knighted is not known) was a man of considerable enterprise, and was soon remarked as one of the wealthiest men in the south of Ireland, po...
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Vincent Gookin [2]

borndied
1616?1659
an English surveyor-general of Ireland. He represented Irish constituencies in the Protectorate parliaments. He published pamphlets (1665) deprecating enforcement of orders for transplantation of Irish to Connaught. He was a man of strong religious convictions, and an ardent republican. He is chiefly known to us as the author of the remarkable pamphlet, T...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

James Gordon

aka: James Gordon Huntly
borndied
15411620
a Scottish Jesuit. in Scotland Gordon, as a kinsman of King James VI, had influence among the nobility; and he engaged in public discussions with Protestant ministers. For two months he followed the king everywhere else in hope of finding an opportunity to convert him to Catholicism. He then went to the north of Scotland, where he held a public discussion on...
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Catherine Gore

borndied
1798, Feb 121861, Jan 29
a British novelist and dramatist, daughter of a wine merchant at Retford, where she was born. She is amongst the best known of silver fork writers – authors of the "long" Regency era depicting the gentility and etiquette of high society. Her first novel, Theresa Marchmont, or The Maid of Honour, was published in 1824. Her first major success was Pin Money,...
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Manuel Eduardo de Gorostiza

borndied
1789, Oct 131851, Oct 23
a Mexican Spanish writer, dramatist and diplomat. The first taste of Gorostiza was, as always, the theater, for which he wrote, from his youth, comedies of manners that place next to Leandro Fernandez de Moratín and of Bretón of the Blacksmiths in the cultivation of neoclassical comedy. He was the son of Pedro Fernández de Gorostiza, governor of the port...
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Stephen Gosson

borndied
1554, Apr1624, Feb 13
an English satirist. He is said to have been an actor, and by his own confession he wrote plays, for he speaks of Catiline's Conspiracies as a "Pig of mine own Sowe." Because of their moral standpoint, he excludes such plays as these from the general condemnation of stage plays in his Schoole of Abuse, containing a pleasant invective against Poets, Pipers, ...
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Samuel Gott

borndied
1614, Jan 201671, Dec 18
an English politician who sat in the House of Commons of England between 1645 and 1648 and between 1660 and 1661. He was a student at St Catharine's College, Cambridge in 1630 and was awarded BA in 1633. He entered Gray's Inn in 1633 and was called to the bar in 1640. Gott wrote several religious works, including (so it is claimed) the Nova Solyma which was ...
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Johann Christoph Gottsched

borndied
1700, Feb 21766, Dec 12
a German philosopher, author, and critic. For about thirty years, he exercised an almost undisputed literary dictatorship in Germany. But by his later years, his name had become a by-word for foolish pedantry. Gottsched's chief work was his Versuch einer kritischen Dichtkunst für die Deutschen (1730), the first systematic treatise in German on the art of po...
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Luise Gottsched

borndied
1713, Apr 111762, Jun 26
a German poet, playwright, essayist, and translator, and is often considered one of the founders of modern German theatrical comedy. She wrote several popular comedies, of which Das Testament is the best, and translated The Spectator (9 volumes, 1739–1743), Alexander Pope's Rape of the Lock (1744) and other English and French works. After her death her hu...
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Claude Pierre Goujet

borndied
1697, Oct 191767, Feb 1
a French abbé and littérateur. He studied at the College of the Jesuits, and at the Collège Mazarin, but he nevertheless became a strong Jansenist. In 1705 he assumed the ecclesiastical habit, in 1719 entered the order of Oratorians, and soon afterwards was named canon of St Jacques l'Hôpital. He is the author of Supplement au dictionnaire de Morri (1735...
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Cross-listed in Composers

John Edgar Gould

borndied
18211875
a composer and publisher of hymns. He was born in Bangor, Maine and died in Algiers, Algeria while traveling. Gould managed music stores in New York and Philadelphia (where he lived), and collaborated with composer William Fischer.
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Francis Gouldman

borndied
1607 ca1688/1689
a Church of England clergyman and lexicographer whose Latin-English dictionary (1664) went through several editions. Gouldman was also one of the directors who oversaw the publication of the monumental Critici sacri, a major collection of Biblical criticism. A Copious Dictionary in Three Parts provided explanations and etymologies, though criticized as rambl...
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Cross-listed in Physicians

Theodore Goulston

aka: Gulston
borndied
15721632
an English physician, scholar, and founder of the Goulstonian Lectures. In 1619 he published in London Versio Latina et Paraphrasis in Aristotelis Rhetoricam, with a dedication to Prince Charles in Latin prose, and his notes and Latin version were reprinted in the edition of the Greek text published at Cambridge in 1696. In 1623 he published Aristotelis de P...
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Marie de Gournay

borndied
1565, Oct 61645, Jul 13
a French writer, who wrote a novel and a number of other literary compositions, including two protofeminist works, The Equality of Men and Women (1622) and The Ladies' Grievance (Les femmes et Grief des dames, 1626). In her novel Le Promenoir de M. de Montaigne qui traite de l’amour dans l’œuvre de Plutarque she explored the dangers women face when they...
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Cross-listed in Educators

Antonio de Gouveia

aka: António
borndied
1505 ca1566, Mar
a Portuguese humanist and educator during the Renaissance. He wrote literary and philosophical works, having correspondeded with most of the writers of his time. His works dealt mainly with law, but also poetry, fruit of time he spent editing and translating classical sources in search of the original meaning. Although sympathetic to Lutheranism and once acc...
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Isobel Gowdie

bornactivedied
unknown1662unknown
a Scottish woman who was tried for witchcraft in 1662. Her detailed confession, apparently achieved without the use of torture, provides one of the most detailed insights into European witchcraft folklore at the end of the era of witch-hunts. A young housewife living at Auldearn, Highland, Scotland, her confession painted a wild word-picture about the deeds ...
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Cross-listed in Explorers

Christoph von Graffenried

borndied
1661, Nov 151743
a Swiss nobleman who led a group of Swiss and Palatine Germans to North Carolina in British North America in 1705. He later authored Relation of My American Project, an account of the establishment of New Bern.
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Anders Abraham Grafstrom

aka: Grafström
borndied
1790, Jan 101870, Jul 24
a Swedish historian, priest and poet. Grafström belonged to the literary circle centred on Malla Silfverstolpe. He wrote a famous biography of his father-in-law Frans Michael Franzén. Some of Grafström's poetry was set to music by the composer Johan Erik Nordblom. His daughter married Artur Hazelius, the teacher and folklorist.
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Richard Grafton

borndied
1506/1507/15111573
the King's Printer under Henry VIII and Edward VI. He was a member of the Grocers' Company and MP for Coventry elected 1562-63. he printed a proclamation of the accession of Lady Jane Grey, in which he signed himself "Printer to the Queen." For this he was cast into prison by Mary I. John Cawood became Queen's Printer, and Grafton's career as a printer ended...
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Cross-listed in Astronomers

Andrew Graham

bornactivedied
1815, Apr 81848-19031907, Nov 5
an Irish astronomer/computer. He discovered the asteroid 9 Metis in 1848 whilst employed at Markree Observatory in County Sligo. He later worked on the Markree Catalogue, which consists of observations of about sixty thousand stars along the ecliptic taken between August 8, 1848 and 27 March 1856 and was published in four Volumes over the years 1851, 1853, 1...
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Cross-listed in Military

James Graham

aka: 1st Marquess of Montrose
borndied
1612, Oct 251650, May 21
a Scottish nobleman, poet and soldier, who initially joined the Covenanters in the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, but subsequently supported King Charles I as the English Civil War developed. From 1644 to 1646, and again in 1650, he fought a civil war in Scotland on behalf of the King and is generally referred to in Scotland as simply "the Great Montrose".
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Sylvester Graham

borndied
1794, Jul 51851, Sep 11
a 19th-century Presbyterian minister, was an American dietary reformer, best known for his emphasis on vegetarianism, the temperance movement and his emphasis on eating whole-grain bread; he did not invent graham flour, graham bread, or graham crackers, but those products were inspired by his preaching.
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Cross-listed in Physicians

Edmond Graile

bornactivedied
unknown1610sunknown
an English poet and physician. Graile was born at Gloucester about 1577. He matriculated at Magdalen College, Oxford, on 10 February 1592 – 1593, graduated B.A. in February 1594-5, and M.A. in 1600. He was afterwards physician of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Gloucester. He was author of Little Timothie, his Lesson, a Summarie relation of the Historicall par...
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Jeanette Granberg

aka: Stjernström, Georges Malméen
borndied
1825, Oct 191857, Apr 2
a Swedish writer, a playwright, a feminist and a translator, who wrote plays for mainly the theatre Mindre teatern in Stockholm in the mid-19th century. She was praised as a great dramatic by her contemporaries. Jeanette was born child of the writer and actor Per Adolf Granberg and was from 1849 and forwards active as a translator and a writer of plays for t...
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Louise Granberg

borndied
1812, Oct 291907, Dec 28
a Swedish playwright, translator and theatre director. Granberg was born in Stockholm, the daughter of the actor and writer Per Adolf Granberg and the sister of the playwright Jeanette Granberg. From 1849 forward, she translated and wrote plays, sometimes jointly with her sister, under the name Carl Blink. The season 1860–61, her play Johan Fredman was sta...
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Per Adolf Granberg

borndied
1770, Apr 171841, Feb 5
a Swedish writer. As a writer, he was very productive. He noticed the first time for scripture memorial to over-regent Sten Sture the Elder who received a prize from the Swedish Academy 1803rd After this, he was very diligent with a variety of writings on Swedish history, including three volumes of the Kalmar Union and an English primarily dictionary. His op...
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Moses Grandy

borndied
1786 caunknown
an African-American author, abolitionist, and, for more than the first four decades of his life, an enslaved person. He dictated a narrative of his life, Narrative of the Life of Moses Grandy, Late a Slave in the United States of America, with the intention of buying the freedom of additional family members. His slave narrative, and others, read in the Unite...
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Cross-listed in Physicians

Andrew Grant

bornactivedied
unknown1800sunknown
a physician and writer. There is very little information available concerning the details of his life. Grant wrote a 'History of Brazil,' 8vo, London, 1809, of which a French translation, with additions, appeared at St. Petersburg in 1811.
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Anthony Grant

borndied
1806, Jan 311883, Nov 25
an English clergyman and divine. In 1834 he was ordained, and two years later became curate of Chelmsford; from 1838 to 1862 he was vicar of Romford, Essex, and from 1862 to 1877 vicar of Aylesford, Kent. In 1843 he was Bampton lecturer at Oxford University, and delivered a course entitled The Past and Prospective Extension of the Gospel by Missions to the H...
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Asahel Grant

borndied
1807, Aug 171844, Apr 24
the first American missionary to Persia. He was born at Marshall, N. Y., studied medicine at Pittsfield, Mass., and practiced in Utica, N. Y. In 1835 he went as a missionary with the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions to Persia, settled at Urmia and worked among the Nestorians there and elsewhere in the Mid East. He died in Mosul, Turkey. H...
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Louis Pierre Gratiolet

borndied
1815, Jul 61865, Feb 16
a French anatomist and zoologist who was a native of Sainte-Foy-la-Grande, Gironde. Gratiolet is remembered for his work in neuroanatomy, physiognomy and physical anthropology. He did extensive research in the field of comparative anatomy, and performed important studies regarding the differences and similarities between human and various primate brains. He ...
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Wilhelmina Gravallius

borndied
1809, Sep 71884, Nov 22
a Swedish writer. She was born to parish vicar Carl Peter Isaksson and Anna Hallberg, and supported herself as a governess until 1846. She debuted with the novel "Högadals prostgård" (1844), which was a success. During her marriage to the vicar in Thoresund Christian Gravallius in 1846-1861, she was inactive as a writer. After his death, she moved to Stock...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Richard Graves

borndied
1715, May 41804, Nov 23
an English minister, poet, and novelist. He served as rector of Claverton, near Bath, and was an enthusiastic collector of poems, a translator, essayist and correspondent. His best-known work is the picaresque novel, The Spiritual Quixote (1773); this was a satire of John Wesley, George Whitefield, and Methodism in general, which he saw as a threat to...
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Gilbert Gray

borndied
unknown1614
the second principal of Marischal College, Aberdeen. Gray was appointed to that post in 1598. He was a pupil of Robert Rollock, the first principal of the university of Edinburgh, whose virtues and learning he extolled in a curious Latin oration which he delivered in 1611, entitled ‘Oratio de Illustribus Scotiæ Scriptoribus.’ Several of the authors eulo...
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Thomas Gray

borndied
1716, Dec 261771, Jul 30
an English poet, letter-writer, classical scholar and professor at Cambridge University. He is widely known for his Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard, published in 1751. Gray began seriously writing poems in 1742, mainly after his close friend Richard West died. He moved to Cambridge and began a self-imposed programme of literary study, becoming one of t...
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Thomas Ruffin Gray

borndied
1800unknown
an attorney who represented several enslaved people during the trials in the wake of Nat Turner's slave rebellion. Gray published The Confessions of Nat Turner, which purports to be Turner's confession and account of his life leading up the rebellion, as well as an account of Turner's motives and actions during the rebellion.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

John Grayle

borndied
16141654
an English Puritan minister. At the age of 18 he entered Magdalen Hall, Oxford, as a batler, and proceeded B.A. in 1634 and M.A. on 15 June 1637. He subsequently became rector of Tidworth in the same county. While a strict presbyterian, Grayle was charged with Arminianism, and defended his principles in a work, which was published after his death , entitled ...
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Bertie Greatheed

borndied
1759, Oct 191826
an English dramatist. Greatheed was a contributor to the privately printed collection of fugitive pieces of the Gli Oziosi, the Arno Miscellany (Florence, 1784). The following year he contributed to the Florence Miscellany (Florence, 1785), a collection of poems by the Della-Cruscans. Greetheed was termed by William Gifford the Reuben of the Della-Cruscans, ...
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Cross-listed in Physicians

Sir Edward Greaves

aka: 1st Baronet
borndied
16081680, Nov 11
an English physician. He studied at Oxford University, and was elected a fellow of All Souls' College in 1634. He returned to Oxford graduated M.B. 18 July 1640, M.D. 8 July 1641. In 1642 he continued his medical studies at the university of Leyden, and on his return practised physic at Oxford, where he was appointed Linacre superior reader of physic. In th...
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Jonathan Green

borndied
1788 ca1864, Feb 23
a British medical writer. For some years Green served as a surgeon in the navy, and acquired a reputation as a specialist in skin diseases. On retiring from the service he visited Paris, to examine the fumigating baths established by order of the French government. On his return to London he opened in 1823 an establishment for fumigating and other baths at 5...
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Matthew Green

borndied
16961737
a British poet born of Nonconformist parents. For many years he held a post in the custom house. The few anecdotes that have been preserved show him to have been as witty as his poems would lead one to expect: on one occasion, when the government was about to cut off funds that paid for milk for the custom house cats, Green submitted a petition in their name...
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George Greene

bornactivedied
1747 ca1810sunknown
a traveller, land-steward and writer. In 1787 a decree in the court of chancery deprived him of the greater part of his fortune. To relieve his financial distress, he published by subscription ‘A Relation of several Circumstances which occurred in the Province of Lower Normandy during the Revolution, and under the Governments of Robespierre and the Directo...
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Robert Greene

borndied
1558, Jul1592, Sep 3
an English author popular in his day, and now best known for a posthumous pamphlet attributed to him, Greenes, Groats-worth of Witte, bought with a million of Repentance, widely believed to contain an attack on William Shakespeare. He is said to have been born in Norwich. He attended Cambridge, receiving a BA in 1580, and an M.A. in 1583 before moving to Lon...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

William Greenfield

borndied
unknown1827
a Scottish minister, professor of rhetoric and belles lettres, literary critic, reviewer, and author whose career ended in scandal, resulting in him being excommunicated from the Church of Scotland, having his university degrees withdrawn, and his family assuming his wife's patronymic Rutherford. Greenfield contributed at least one review to the Quarterly Re...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Richard Greenham

aka: Grenham
borndied
1535?1594?
an English clergyman of Puritan views, known as a Sabbatarian writer. Greenham's Workes were collected and edited by H.H., i.e. Henry Holland, in 1599; a second edition appeared in the same year; the third edition was 1601, reprinted 1605 and 1612 ('fift and last' edition). 'A Garden of Spiritual Flowers,' by Greenham, was published 1612, and several times r...
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Joseph Greenhill

borndied
17041788
an English theological writer. Greenhill wrote An Essay on the Prophecies of the New Testament, 2nd edition, 1759, and 'A Sermon on the Millennium, or Reign of Saints for a thousand years,' 4th edition. 1772. These two short works he afterwards put together, and republished with the title An Essay on the Prophecies of the New Testament, more especially on th...
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Dora Greenwell

borndied
1821, Dec 61882, Mar 29
an English poet. She published her first volume of poems in 1848 through William Pickering, after her family had to leave their home. She moved to Durham with her brother William who would later become Canon of Durham Cathedral. After a short time working with her brother Alan who was Rector of Golborne, she moved back to Durham and lived with her mother.
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John Greenwood [1]

borndied
unknown1593, Apr 6
an English Puritan divine and separatist. The date and place of his birth are unknown. He entered as a sizar at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, on 18 March 1577 – 1578, and commenced B.A. 1581. By 1586 he was the recognized leader of the London Separatists. Greenwood was arrested early in October 1586, and the following May was committed to the Fleet pr...
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John Greenwood [2]

borndied
unknown1609
an English schoolmaster. Greenwood was matriculated as a pensioner of St. John's College, Cambridge, in 1558; removed to Catharine Hall, of which he was afterwards fellow; proceeded B.A. in 1561–62, and commenced M.A. in 1565. He became master of the grammar school at Brentwood, Essex, where he appears to have died at an advanced age in 1609. His only work...
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Pierre Gregoire

aka: Grégoire, Pedro Gregoire, Petrus Gregorius Tholosanus
borndied
1540 ca1597
a French jurist and philosopher. After studies at Toulouse, he became an advocate. From 1570 he was professeur of law at Cahors; in 1580 he returned to Toulouse in a similar post. In 1582 he was called by Charles III, Duke of Lorraine to found a law faculty at Pont-à-Mousson, the École doctrinale de droit public. He died at Pont-à-Mousson. His Syntaxes a...
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Edmund Gregory

bornactivedied
1615 ca1640sunknown
an English author. The son of Henry Gregory, rector of, and benefactor to, Sherrington, Wiltshire. He entered Trinity College, Oxford, in 1632, and proceeded B.A. on 5 May 1636. He wrote: ‘An Historical Anatomy of Christian Melancholy, sympathetically set forth, in a threefold state of the soul. With a concluding Meditation on the Fourth Verse of the Ninth...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Rev. George Gregory

borndied
1754, Apr 141808, Mar 12
an English writer, scholar, and preacher in the 18th and early 19th-century Britain. He held a Doctor of Divinity degree. Gregory is best known for his literary compilations and writings. In 1782-3, he helped compile a book of excerpts from other authors called Beauties which sold well. His first original lengthy work, in 1785, was Essays, Historical and Mor...
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Cross-listed in AstronomersInventors

James Gregory

aka: Gregorie
borndied
1638, Nov1675, Oct
a Scottish mathematician and astronomer. He described an early practical design for the reflecting telescope – the Gregorian telescope – and made advances in trigonometry, discovering infinite series representations for several trigonometric functions. In his book Geometriae Pars Universalis (1668) Gregory gave both the first published statement and proo...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Martin Grene

borndied
16161667, Oct 2
an English Jesuit. After studying humanities in the college of the English Jesuits at St. Omer, he was admitted to the society in 1638. In 1642 he was a professor in the college at Liege, and he held important offices in other establishments belonging to the English Jesuits on the continent. In 1653 he was stationed in Oxfordshire. He was solemnly professed ...
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Sir Roger Gresley

aka: 8th Baronet, Greisley
borndied
1799, Dec 271837, Oct 12
an English author and Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1835 to 1837. He entered Christ Church, Oxford on 17 October 1817, where he remained until 1819, leaving the university without a degree. Gresley was a well known London dandy and is said to have gambled away much of his fortune, having to sell most of his assets to remain solvent. G...
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Fulke Greville

aka: 1st Baron Brooke, 13th Baron Latimer, 5th Baron Willoughby de Broke
borndied
1554, Oct 31628, Sep 30
an Elizabethan poet, dramatist, and statesman who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1581 and 1621, when he was raised to the peerage. Greville is best known by his biography of Sidney, the full title of which expresses the scope of the work. He includes some autobiographical matter in what amounts to a treatise on government. Greville's po...
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Henry William Greville

borndied
1801, Oct 281872, Dec 12
an English aristocrat and diarist. Greville was fond of society, of music, and the drama. Fanny Kemble knew him well, and described his fine voice and handsome appearance in her Records of a Girlhood, iii. 173. He was known to have been homosexual, and enjoyed a close relationship with the younger artist Frederic Leighton whom in met in Florence in 1856. Gre...
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Elizabeth Caroline Grey

bornactivedied
17981820s-18671869
a prolific English author of over 30 romance novels, silver fork novels, Gothic novels, sensation fiction and Penny Dreadfuls, active between the 1820s and 1867. There is some controversy about the details of her life story, and if she actually authored any penny dreadfuls. There is suspicion that not all the books attributed to Mrs. Grey were written by her...
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Nicholas Grey

borndied
1590?1660
a headmaster of Eton College. He obtained eventually the head-mastership of Tonbridge School, Kent, and published for the use of his scholars Parabolæ Evangelicæ Latino redditæ carmine paraphrastico varii generis, 8vo, London, no date. On the return of Charles II he was restored to his rectory and fellowship (12 July 1660), but died very poor, and was bur...
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Constantia Grierson

borndied
1705 ca1732, Dec 2
an editor, poet, and classical scholar from County Kilkenny, Ireland. She was married to the Dublin printer and publisher George Grierson. In addition to her editorial work she was a poet. Little of her poetry survives, however her friend Mary Barber published six of her pieces in her Poems on Several Occasions (1734). Those six and two others, included by L...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

George Griffith

borndied
16011666
a bishop of St. Asaph. In 1635 he proceeded D.D. In 1640, as a proctor in convocation, he urged the necessity of a new edition of the Welsh Bible, none having been published since that of Bishop Parry in 1620. In 1652 he accepted the challenge which the famous itinerant, Vavasor Powell, threw down to any minister in Wales, to dispute whether his calling or P...
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Hannah Griffitts

borndied
17271817
an 18th-century American poet and Quaker who championed the resistance of American colonists to Britain during the run-up to the American Revolution. Griffitts is best known for a series of scathing satires that celebrate the American colonists' opposition to Britain in the decades before the American Revolution. For example, she wrote several proto-feminist...
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Cross-listed in Scientists

James Grigor

borndied
1811?1848
a botanist. Grigor was the author of the ‘Eastern Arboretum, or Register of Remarkable Trees, Seats, Gardens, &c., in the County of Norfolk,’ London 1840-41, with fifty etched plates, issued in fifteen numbers. In the preface (dated Norwich, 1 Sept. 1841) he states that he had devoted ‘twenty years to practical botanical pursuits,’ and his work was h...
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Franz Grillparzer

borndied
1791, Jan 151872, Jan 21
an Austrian writer who is chiefly known for his dramas. He also wrote the oration for Ludwig van Beethoven's funeral. In 1807–1809, Grillparzer wrote a long tragedy in iambics, Blanca von Castilien, modeled on Friedrich von Schiller's Don Carlos. He also produced the dramatic fragments Spartacus and Alfred der Grosse (1809). When Grillparzer began to write...
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Nicholas Grimald

borndied
15191562
an English poet and dramatist. Upon arriving at Oxford, Grimald began his first major work; the Latin resurrection and tragicomedy Christus Redivus or The Resurrection Of Christ. His motivation for starting the play was to redeem not being able to perform his studies because his books had come late. When proposing the idea of writing a play, Grimald received...
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Cross-listed in Legal

Stacey Grimaldi

borndied
1790, Oct 181863, Mar 28
an English lawyer and antiquary. For upwards of forty years he practised as a solicitor in Copthall Court in the city of London. He was eminent as a 'record lawyer,' and was engaged in several important record trials and peerage cases. In 1824 he was elected a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. In 1834 he was appointed to deliver lectures on the public re...
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Edward Grimeston

borndied
unknown1640
an English sergeant-at-arms and one of the most active translators of his day. Edward Grimestone published several large and influential histories, dedicating them to Sir Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, and Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk. George Eld printed and published Grimestone's A General Inventory of the History of France (1607). Grimestone al...
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Cross-listed in Educators

Charlotte Forten Grimke

aka: Grimké
borndied
18351914
an African-American anti-slavery activist, poet, and educator. She grew up in a prominent abolitionist family in Philadelphia. She taught school for years, including during the war to freedmen in South Carolina. Later in life she married Francis James Grimké, a Presbyterian minister who led a major church in Washington, DC for decades. He was a nephew of th...
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Cross-listed in Legal

Jacob Grimm

borndied
1785, Jan 41863, Sep 20
a German philologist, jurist, and mythologist. He is known as the discoverer of Grimm's law (linguistics), the co-author with his brother Wilhelm of the monumental Deutsches Wörterbuch, the author of Deutsche Mythologie and, more popularly, as one of the Brothers Grimm and the editor of Grimm's Fairy Tales.
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Wilhelm Grimm

borndied
1786, Feb 241859, Dec 16
a German author, the younger of the Brothers Grimm. Wilhelm took great delight in music, for which his brother had but a moderate liking, and he had a remarkable gift of story-telling. A collection of fairy tales was first published in 1812 by the Grimm brothers, known in English as Grimms' Fairy Tales. From 1837-1841, the Grimm brothers joined five of their...
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Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen

borndied
16211676, Aug 17
a German author. Grimmelshausen's work is greatly influenced by previous utopian and travel literature, and the Simplicissimus series attained a readership larger than any other seventeenth-century novel. Formerly, he was credited with Der fliegende Wandersmann nach dem Mond, a translation from Jean Baudoin's L'Homme dans la Lune, itself a translation of Fra...
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Thomas Shuttleworth Grimshawe

borndied
17781850
an English biographer. Grimshawe's first publication was 'The Christian's Faith and Practice,' &c. (Preston, 1813); followed by 'A Treatise on the Holy Spirit' (1815). In 1822 he wrote a pamphlet on 'The Wrongs of the Clergy of the Diocese of Peterborough,' which was noticed by Sydney Smith in the 'Edinburgh Review' (article 'Persecuting Bishops'). In 1825 h...
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Elizabeth Grimston

aka: Grymeston, Grimeston
borndied
1563 ca1603 ca
an English poet. Elizabeth Grymeston's only work, Miscellanea. Meditations. Memoratives, was released posthumously in 1604, to much popularity, enough so that four editions of the book were published in the span of fourteen years. The first edition of the book held fourteen chapters, while the last three included an additional six essays. Miscellanea was wri...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Thomas Grinfield

borndied
1788, Apr 271870, Apr 8
an English clergyman and hymn-writer. He was ordained in 1813. He married his first cousin, Mildred Foster Barham; became curate at St Sidwells, Exeter; then rector of Shirland, Derbyshire; he subsequently resided at Clifton, Bristol, and was for twenty-three years curate in charge of St Mary le Port Church, Bristol. Though he published little, his compositi...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Alexander Griswold

bornactivedied
1766, Apr 221836-18431843, Feb 15
the 5th Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church from 1836 till 1843. He was also the Episcopal Bishop of the Eastern Diocese, which included all of New England with the exception of the Episcopal Diocese of Connecticut. Griswold wrote the hymn Holy Father, great Creator. He also published Discourses on the Most Important Doctrines and Duties of the Christia...
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Rufus W. Griswold

borndied
18151857
an American anthologist, editor, poet, and critic. Born in Vermont, he worked as a journalist, editor, and critic in Philadelphia, New York City, and elsewhere. He built up a strong literary reputation, in part due to his 1842 collection The Poets and Poetry of America. This anthology, the most comprehensive of its time, included what he deemed the best exam...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

John Groome

borndied
1678 ca1760
an English clergyman. In July 1709 he was presented to the vicarage of Childerditch, Essex, and also became chaplain to Robert Darcy, 3rd Earl of Holderness. Grieved by unjust reflections cast upon the clergy, he wrote The Dignity and Honour of the Clergy represented in an Historical Collection: shewing how useful and serviceable the Clergy have been to this...
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Cross-listed in Artists

Francis Grose

borndied
1731, Jun1791, Jun 12
an English antiquary, draughtsman, and lexicographer. Grose had early on shown a keen interest in drawing, having attempted sketches of medieval buildings as far back as 1749, and having taken formal instruction at a drawing school in the mid-1750s. He was not a particularly gifted draughtsman but he mixed in the London artistic milieu and began to exhibit, ...
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Pierre-Jean Grosley

borndied
1718, Nov 181785, Nov 4
a French man of letters, local historian, travel writer and observer of social mores in the Age of Enlightenment and a contributor to the Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers. Grosley was a magistrate in his native Troyes, where he had plenty of opportunity to hear the local dialect, which he described in a paper (17...
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Cross-listed in Legal

Hugo Grotius

aka: Huig de Groot, Hugo de Groot
borndied
1583, Apr 101645, Aug 28
a Dutch jurist. Along with the earlier works of Francisco de Vitoria and Alberico Gentili, Grotius laid the foundations for international law, based on natural law. A teenage intellectual prodigy, for his involvement in the intra-Calvinist disputes of the Dutch Republic, he was imprisoned and then escaped hidden appropriately in a chest of books. He wrote mo...
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Joseph Grove

borndied
unknown1764, Mar 27
an English biographer. Joseph practised as an attorney, and amassed considerable wealth. Besides property in various counties, he possessed a "pleasant little seat in Richmond, Surrey, called the Belvidere". After his retirement from the practice of the law Grove unfortunately betook himself to bookmaking. His contributions to learning are of small value. He...
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Cross-listed in Legal

Modeste Gruau

borndied
1795, Mar 251883, Jan 28
a lawyer and author. He is known for support of Karl Wilhelm Naundorff, a Prussian watchmaker who claimed to be the real Louis XVII. The 1809 work "The First Book of Napoleon" by "Eliakim the Scribe" is tentatively attributed to Gruau, though Gruau would have been about fourteen years old in 1809. Between March 1839 and April 1840, Graua wrote for the period...
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Gunnila Grubb

borndied
1692, Jan 131729, Aug 20
a Swedish writer. She wrote spiritual songs inspired by Pietism and Mysticism. Gunnila Grubb was the daughter of the Stockholm merchant Mikael Vilhelmsson Grubb and Katarina Sohm, and was married in 1716 to the merchant Nils Grubb. She was the mother of Michael Grubb, ennobled as af Grubbens, and Catharina Elisabet Grubb. Grubb was a member of the circles of...
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Owen Gruffydd

borndied
16431730
a Welsh poet partly noted for a lament on the decline of the Welsh language in the early 18th century. Not much is known about Owen Gruffydd's early life and career except that he was born in the parish of Llanystumdwy, Caernarfonshire. It is likely that he lived much of his life there and in the outlying parishes. Gruffydd was a weaver by profession. He was...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Nikanor Grujic

borndied
1810, Dec 121887, Apr 26
the Serbian Orthodox bishop of Pakrac, the locum tenens Serbian Patriarch, the Austro–Hungarian emperor's Privy Councilor, knight of the Grand Cross of the Franz Joseph order, member of Houses of Magnates at Hungarian and Croatian–Slavonian parliaments, member of Serbian Learned Society, writer, poet, orator and translator. Nikanor Grujic was also a well...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Nikolai Frederik Severin Grundtvig

aka: N. F. S. Grundtvig
borndied
1783, Sep 81872, Sep 2
a Danish pastor, author, poet, philosopher, historian, teacher and politician. He was one of the most influential people in Danish history, as his philosophy gave rise to a new form of nationalism in the last half of the 19th century. It was steeped in the national literature and supported by deep spirituality. Grundtvig holds a unique position in the cultur...
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Johann Jakob Grynaeus

borndied
1540, Oct 11617, Aug 13
a Swiss Protestant divine. Called in 1575 to the chair of Old Testament exegesis at Basel, he became involved in unpleasant controversy with Simon Sulzer and other champions of Lutheran orthodoxy; and in 1584 he was glad to accept an invitation to assist in the restoration of the University of Heidelberg. His many works include commentaries on various books ...
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Cross-listed in Architects

Guarino Guarini

bornactivedied
1624, Jan 71648-16831683, Mar 6
an Italian architect of the Piedmontese Baroque and Theatine priest, mathematician, and writer. He wrote four mathematical books in both Latin and Italian, of which Euclides adauctus is a work on descriptive geometry. In 1665, he published a mathematical-philosophical tract Placita Philosophica defending the geocentric universe against Copernicus and Galileo...
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Heinrich Jonas Gudehus

bornactivedied
17761820s1831
a native of Braunschweig, a northern German, who came to America early in the 1820's seeking fortune and returned, nearly penniless, a few years later. In the interim he sampled life in rural Berks County as a teacher in the school of Zion Moselem Lutheran Church and in the home of a well-to-do citizen nearby. Gudehus's account of his visit, which was publis...
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Cross-listed in InventorsScientists

Otto von Guericke

aka: Gericke
borndied
1602, Nov 201686, May 11
a German scientist, inventor, and politician. His major scientific achievements were the establishment of the physics of vacuums, the discovery of an experimental method for clearly demonstrating electrostatic repulsion, and his advocacy of the reality of "action at a distance" and of "absolute space". All of von Guericke's work on the vacuum and air pressur...
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Claudine Guerin de Tencin

aka: Guérin de Tencin
borndied
1682, Apr 271749, Dec 4
a French salonist and author. She was the mother of Jean le Rond d'Alembert, philosophe and contributor to the Encyclopédie, though she left him on the steps of the Saint-Jean-le-Rond de Paris church a few days after his birth. She was a novelist of considerable merit. Her novels have been highly praised for their simplicity and charm, the last qualities th...
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Felipe de Guevara

borndied
unknown1560
a Spanish humanist, art writer and patron. Felipe was the illegitimate son of ambassador and art collector Diego de Guevara. He maintained close relations with people of the world of culture of his time. He was interested in various fields of knowledge such as numismatics, geography and history. Like his father, he also had a great passion for art. He had a ...
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Jean-Louis Guez de Balzac

borndied
1597, May 311654, Feb 18
a French author, best known for his epistolary essays, which were widely circulated and read in his day. He was one of the founding members of Académie française. Guez de Balzac's fame rests chiefly upon the Lettres, a second collection of which appeared in 1636. Recueil de nouvelles lettres was printed in the next year. His letters, though empty and affec...
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Octavie Guichard

aka: Octavia
borndied
17191805
a French translator. There is not much information available about the details of her life. While still young, she became a widow of a lawyer at the Parlement of Paris, leaving her his entire fortune as an annuity of 50 pounds; she then learned English to perform translations. She attended to the rich library of the president of parliament, Jean-Baptiste-Fra...
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Antonio Aparisi Guijarro

borndied
1815, Mar 291872, Nov 5
a Spanish politician and journalist. He was very much a traditionalist and believer in retaining Catholic religious values and ideals and did much for as a journalist and writer. In 1843, he founded the magazine La Restauración, and in 1855 the newspaper El Pensamiento of Valencia. In 1858 he was appointed deputy to Congress representing Valencia.
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Gabriel de Guilleragues

aka: Gabriel-Joseph de Lavergne, comte de Guilleragues
borndied
16281684
a French politician of the 17th century. For a time, he was secretary of the King's Chamber, and he also director of the Gazette de France. In 1677, he was named ambassador at the Ottoman Court. Louis XIV communicated to the Turks that he would never fight on the side of the Austrian Emperor Leopold I, and he instead massed troops at the eastern frontier of ...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Thomas Gumble

borndied
unknown1676
an English clergyman and biographer. In 1661 he was made D.D. of the University of Cambridge by royal mandate, and on 6 July of the same year was collated to the twelfth prebendal stall in Winchester Cathedral. In 1663 he received the rectory of East Lavant, Sussex. His only published work was a Life of General Monck, Duke of Albemarle, &c., with Remarks upo...
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Ivan Gundulic

aka: Gianfrancesco Gondola
borndied
1589, Jan 81638, Dec 8
the most prominent Croatian Baroque poet from the Republic of Ragusa. His work embodies central characteristics of Roman Catholic Counter-Reformation: religious fervor, insistence on "vanity of this world" and zeal in opposition to "infidels." Gundulic's major works—the epic poem Osman, the pastoral play Dubravka, and the religious poem Tears of the Prodig...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

William Gunn

borndied
1750, Apr 71841, Apr 11
an English clergyman and miscellaneous writer. He took holy orders, in 1784 became rector of Sloley, Norfolk, and in 1786 obtained the consolidated livings of Barton Turf and Instead. During a residence in Rome he obtained permission to search the Vatican and other libraries for manuscripts relating to the history of England, and published anonymously, as th...
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Elizabeth Gunning

borndied
17691823, Jul 20
a French into English translator and a novelist. Gunning was the daughter of John Gunning and writer Susannah Gunning. Miss Gunning married Major James Plunkett of Kinnaird, Co. Roscommon, Ireland in 1803, and they had a son James "Gunning" Plunkett. She died after a long illness at Long Melford, Suffolk. Their other children included George Argyle Plunkett...
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Susannah Gunning

borndied
1740 ca1800, Aug 28
a British novelist.She was daughter of Reverend Dr. James Minifie. Her sister was Margaret Minifie. On 8 August 1768, she married Captain John Gunning of the 65th Regiment of Foot, who distinguished himself at the Battle of Bunker Hill; they had a daughter Elizabeth Gunning, who was a novelist.She wrote epistolary novels.
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Brampton Gurdon

borndied
1672 ca1741, Nov 20
an English clergyman and academic, Boyle lecturer in 1721. By 1696 he had been elected fellow of his college. His Boyle lectures were published as The Pretended Difficulties in Natural or Reveal'd Religion no Excuse for Infidelity. Sixteen Sermons preach'd in the Church of St. Mary le Bow, London, in 1721 and 1722, 8vo, London, 1723. Gurdon was a favourite o...
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Thornhagh Gurdon

borndied
16631733, Nov
an English antiquarian. As a member of Caius College, Cambridge, he received the degree of M.A. comitiis regiis in 1682, and in the reign of Queen Anne was appointed receiver-general of Norfolk. He resided mostly at Norwich, where in 1728 he published anonymously a valuable Essay on the Antiquity of the Castel of Norwich, its Founders and Governors from the ...
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Hudson Gurney

borndied
17751864
an English antiquary and verse-writer, also known as a politician. His first publication was a privately printed English History and Chronology in Rhyme. In 1799 he published Cupid and Psyche, an imitation in verse of the Golden Ass of Apuleius (also 1800, 1801, and in Bohn's Classical Library, Apuleius). He also published Heads of Ancient History, (1814); M...
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Thomas Gurney

borndied
17051770
an English shorthand-writer. In 1737 Gurney came to London, and was soon afterwards appointed shorthand-writer at the Old Bailey. The date of the appointment, according to his grandson William Brodie Gurney, and most shorthand historians, was 1737, and this date corresponds with the length of time during which he is said to have practised at the Old Bailey. ...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

John Guyse

borndied
16801761
an English independent minister. Two Coward lectures, which he published in 1729 under the title of 'Christ the Son of God,' were attacked by Samuel Chandler in 'A Letter to the Rev. John Guyse.' Guyse replied with 'The Scripture Notion of preaching Christ further cleared and vindicated in a letter to the Rev. Mr. Samuel Chandler,' 1730. Chandler then wrote ...
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Emma Jane Guyton

borndied
18251887, Aug 25
an English novelist and editor. She was a lifelong Congregationalist. She attended boarding school and may have worked as a governess. Guyton's first book, published under the name Worboise, was the novel Alice Cunningham (1846). It was followed by about fifty other novels with a Christian message, which were very popular in their time. She began to suffer f...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Robert Gwin

bornactivedied
unknown1590sunknown
a Welsh Roman Catholic priest and author. Gwin, who appears to have been alive in 1591, wrote several religious works in the Welsh language, according to Antonio Possevino, who gives no titles. He also translated from English into Welsh A Christian Directory or Exercise guiding men to eternal Salvation, commonly called The Resolution, written by Robert Perso...
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Richard Gwinnett

borndied
unknown1717
an English dramatist. He was the author of a play entitled 'The Country Squire, or a Christmas Gambol,' first published in the second volume of 'Pylades and Corinna,' the collected correspondence of Gwinnet and Elizabeth Thomas, London, 1732. Another edition of the play appeared in 1734. Portraits of Gwinnett were engraved by Van der Gucht and G. King for th...
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Cross-listed in Composers

John Gwynneth

bornactivedied
unknown1550sunknown
a Welsh Catholic divine and musician. He was educated at Oxford. In due course he was ordained priest, and on 9 December 1531 he supplicated the university for leave to practise in music and for the degree of doctor of music, as he had composed all the responses for a whole year 'in cantis chrispis aut fractis, ut aiunt,' and many masses, including three mas...
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Goddred Gylby

bornactivedied
unknown1560sunknown
an English translator. These is very little that is known about his life. A son of Anthony Gilby, he translated Cicero's Epistle to Quintus, London, 1561, and John Calvin's Admonition against Judicial Astrology (no date).
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Mascal Gyles

borndied
unknown1652, Aug
an English polemic. Gyles was vicar of Ditchling, Sussex, from 1621 till about 1644. In 1648 he became vicar of Wartling, also in Sussex, as appears by an order of the House of Lords, 2 March of that year. Gyles was buried at Wartling 14 August 1652. By Sarah his wife (died 1640) he had a numerous family of sons and daughters. Gyles was engaged in a controve...
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Maria Gustava Gyllenstierna

borndied
1672, Oct 271737, Nov 5
a Swedish countess, writer and translator. She translated foreign works, wrote a work of the life of Jesus which was published in 1730-36, and wrote 600 sonnets. She gathered a circle of professors on Tyresö and corresponded with among others Sophia Elisabet Brenner. She was described as one of the most learned women of her epoch, and it was said that this ...
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