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Much of what we know about the Early Modern era comes from the writings of that time. With the proliferation of the printing press and a somewhat more literate population, much more literature of this period is preserved (as opposed to earlier times). Whether from a novel, play, travel journal or scientific paper, these writings add greatly to our knowledge of our history.
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Germain Habert

borndied
16101654, May
a French churchman and poet. He was abbot of Saint-Vigor. He was born in Paris, the cousin of Henri Louis Habert de Montmor, brother of Philippe Habert and like Philippe a friend of Conrart (king's almoner and abbé commendataire of Cerisy) he was elected a member of the Académie française from its foundation in 1634. He was the author of a Life of cardina...
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Philippe Habert

borndied
16041637, Jul 26
a French poet. Habert was born in Paris and was the brother to Germain Habert and cousin of Henri Louis Habert de Montmor, as well as a friend of Valentin Conrart. Philippe was also one of the first members of the Académie française, and contributed to editing its statutes. An artillery captain, he was killed aged 25 at Aimeries in Belgium, when a wall fel...
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Henri Louis Habert de Montmor

borndied
1600 ca1679, Jan 21
a French scholar and man of letters. An avid supporter of Rene Descartes, Habert wrote a poem on Cartesian physics entitled De rerum naturae and collected scientific instruments. He attended on Marie de Gournay and wrote Latin epigrams. In 1634, he was elected ...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Marie-Madeleine Hachard

aka: Marie-Madeleine Hachard de Saint-Stanislas
borndied
1704, Feb 171760, Aug 9
a French letter writer and abbess of the Ursuline order. She was the founder and the first abbess of the first Ursuline Convent in New Orleans in French Louisiana in 1727. Her letters home to her family in France have been preserved, published, and are valued as a source of historical documentation.
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Cross-listed in Clergy

John-Baptist Hackett

aka: Hacket, Hacquet, Hecquet
borndied
unknown1676
an Irish Catholic theologian. Hackett was born at Fethard, co. Tipperary, Ireland, and was educated in the Dominican convent at Cashel, where he became a member of that order. As a professor, he subsequently taught with reputation at Milan, Naples, and Rome. He received the degree of master in theology from the general chapter of the Dominican order in 1644....
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Cross-listed in Physicians

Samuel Hahnemann

borndied
1755, Apr 101843, Jul 2
a German physician, best known for creating the system of alternative medicine called homeopathy. Hahnemann was dissatisfied with the state of medicine in his time, and particularly objected to practices such as bloodletting. He claimed that the medicine he had been taught to practice sometimes did the patient more harm than good.
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Ludwig Hain

borndied
1781, Jul 51836, Jun 27
a German editor and bibliographer. He is best known as the compiler of Repertorium bibliographicum (1822), a pioneering short title catalogue of incunabula. Hain numbers are still used as common bibliographical references.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Performers

Joseph Haines

borndied
unknown1701, Apr 4
a 17th-century actor, singer, dancer, guitar player, fortune teller, and author. He wrote several plays, none of which had notable artistic or commercial success, and gave several of his best interpretations (according to Anthony Aston) in the 1690s, including Serringe the doctor in John Vanbrugh's The Relapse (1696) and the original Tom Errand in George Far...
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Edward Hake

bornactivedied
unknown1570s-1604unknown
an English satirist, educated under John Hopkins, known for being the part-author of the metrical version of the Psalms. He was protected by the earl of Leicester, whose policy it was to back the Puritan party, and who no doubt found a valuable ally in so vigorous a satirist of error in clerical places as was Hake.
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Richard Hakluyt

bornactivedied
15531583-16121616, Nov 23
an English writer. He is known for promoting the British colonisation of North America by the English through his works, notably Divers Voyages Touching the Discoverie of America (1582) and The Principal Navigations, Voiages, Traffiques and Discoueries of the English Nation (1589–1600).
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Cross-listed in Physicians

Eeltsje Halbertsma

borndied
1797, Oct 81858, Mar 22
a Dutch-Frisian physician and writer. Halbertsma was born and died in Grou. He studied medicine in Leiden and Heidelberg and became a doctor in 1818 in Purmerend . Two years later he moved to his native place Grouw. He remained there as doctor until 1853. He wrote the lyrics for the Frisian anthem De âlde Friezen.
Links (1)


Sarah Josepha Hale

borndied
1788, Oct 241879, Apr 30
an American writer and an influential editor. She is the author of the nursery rhyme Mary Had a Little Lamb. Hale famously campaigned for the creation of the American holiday known as Thanksgiving, and for the completion of the Bunker Hill Monument.
Links (17)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Educators

John Hales [1]

borndied
1520 ca1572, Dec 28
a writer, administrator and politician during the Tudor period. Hales wrote his Highway to Nobility about 1543. He wrote Introductiones ad grammaticum for his newly founded free school. In 1543 he also published Precepts for the Preservation of Health, a translation from Plutarch.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

John Hales [2]

borndied
15841656
an English cleric, theologian and writer. An eminent if modest divine and critic, his posthumous works earned him the title of the Ever-memorable. His reports to Carleton are included in his Golden Remains; an additional letter (11–22 December 1618) is given in Carleton's Letters (1757), and is in the 1765 edition of Hales's Works.
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Leon Halevy

aka: Léon Halévy
borndied
1802, Jan 41883, Sep 2
a French civil servant, historian, and dramatist. In 1837 he was attached to the Ministry of Public Instruction as chief of the bureau of scientific societies, and remained there until his retirement in 1853, after which he devoted the remainder of his life to literature, writing a large number of poems, translations, plays, and other works. Few of these ar...
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Thomas Chandler Haliburton

borndied
1796, Dec 171865, Aug 27
a politician, judge, and author who lived in the British Colony of Nova Scotia. He was the first international best-selling author from what is now Canada and played a significant role in the history of Nova Scotia prior to its entry into Confederation.
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Arthur Hall

borndied
15391605
an English Member of Parliament, courtier and translator. According to J. E. Neale a "reprobate", who gained notoriety by his excesses, he was several times in serious trouble with Parliament itself, and among the accusations in a privilege case was his attitude to Magna Carta. What were his incidental attacks on the antiquity of the institution were taken s...
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Cross-listed in Legal

Edward Hall

borndied
14971547
an English lawyer, Member of Parliament, and historian, best known for his The Union of the Two Noble and Illustre Families of Lancastre and Yorke, commonly known as Hall's Chronicle.
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Joseph Hall

borndied
1574, Jul 11656, Sep 8
an English bishop, satirist and moralist. His contemporaries knew him as a devotional writer, and a high-profile controversialist of the early 1640s. In church politics, he tended in fact to a middle way. His devotional writings had attracted the notice of Henry, Prince of Wales, who made him one of his chaplains (1608). Hall preached officially on the tenth...
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Arthur Hallam

borndied
18111833
an English poet, best known as the subject of a major work, In Memoriam A.H.H., by his close friend and fellow poet, Alfred, Lord Tennyson. In August 1831, Hallam wrote an enthusiastic article 'On Some of the Characteristics of Modern Poetry, and on the ...
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Johann Georg Hamann

borndied
1730, Aug 271788, Jun 21
a German philosopher, whose work was used by his student J. G. Herder as a main support of the Sturm und Drang movement, and associated by historian of ideas Isaiah Berlin with the Counter-Enlightenment. However, recent scholarship such as that by theologian Oswald Bayer places Hamann into a more nebulous category of theologian and philologist, less the prot...
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Newburgh Hamilton

borndied
16911761
an Irish author and librettist. He is known to have been Handel’s librettist for three works: Alexander’s Feast (1736), Samson (1743) and the Occasional Oratorio (1746). In writing the libretto for Handel’s Samson (1743), he followed John Milton's Samson Ago...
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Cross-listed in Educators

Sir William Hamilton [2]

aka: William Stirling Hamilton, 9th Baronet
borndied
1788, Mar 81856, May 6
a Scottish metaphysician. In 1820 he was a candidate for the chair of moral philosophy in the University of Edinburgh, which had fallen vacant on the death of Thomas Brown, colleague of Dugald Stewart, and Stewart's consequent resignation, but was defeated on political grounds by John Wilson, (1785–1854), the "Christopher North" of Blackwood's Magazine. So...
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Jupiter Hammon

bornactivedied
1711, Oct 171760-17861806 ca
a black poet who in 1761 became the first African-American writer to be published in the present-day United States. Additional poems and sermons were also published. Born into slavery, Hammon was never emancipated. He was living in 1790 at the age of 79, and died by 1806. A devout Christian, he is considered one of the founders of African-American literature...
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John Hampson

borndied
17601817 ca
an English miscellaneous writer. Hampson's chief work is 'Memoirs of the late Rev. John Wesley, A.M., with a Review of his Life and Writings, and a History of Methodism from its Commencement in 1729 to the Present Time,' 3 vols., Sunderland, 1791.
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Cross-listed in ArchitectsInventors

Joseph Hansom

borndied
1803, Oct 261882, jun 29
a prolific English architect working principally in the Gothic Revival style. He invented the Hansom cab and founded the eminent architectural journal, The Builder, in 1843. He took a post as assistant to John Oates and there befriended Edward Welch, with whom he formed his first architectural partnership in 1828. On 23 December 1834 he registered the design...
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Elizabeth Hanson

borndied
1684, Sep 171737 ca
a colonial American woman from Dover, New Hampshire, who was captured by Native Americans during Father Rale's War and held hostage for over twenty-two months until she and most of her children were ransomed by her husband John Hanson. Her remaining child, Sarah, remained in captivity, and John died of exposure and illness attempting to secure her release. U...
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Sir Levett Hanson

borndied
17541814
an English author. He wrote An Accurate Historical Account of all the Orders of Knighthood at Present Existing in Europe, which was printed at Hamburg and published in London in 1803. in 1811 he published Miscellaneous Compositions in Verse.
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Mary Ann Hanway

bornactivedied
unknown1790s-1810sunknown
an eighteenth century travel writer and novelist. She has been proposed as the anonymous author of Journey to the Highlands of Scotland (1777). Hanway was also the author of Christabelle, the Maid of Rouen (1814), ] Ellinor (1798), and Andrew Stuart (1800). Hanway did not always find the process of writing easy, declaring in the preface to her 1809 novel Fal...
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Cross-listed in Composers

Krystof Harant

aka: Kryštof Harant z Polžic a Bezdružic
borndied
15641621, Jun 21
a Czech nobleman, traveler, humanist, soldier, writer and composer. He joined the Protestant Bohemian Revolt in the Lands of the Bohemian Crown against the House of Habsburg that led to Thirty Years' War. Following the victory of Catholic forces in the Battle of White Mountain, Harant was executed in the mass Old Town Square execution by the Habsburgs. As a ...
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Mercy Harbison

bornactivedied
unknown1790sunknown
a young American woman living in the decades immediately following the Revolutionary War, who was captured by Native Americans in May 1792. She escaped after six days and gave a short deposition, Capture and Escape of Mercy Harbison, 1792, which is an example of the American literary genre of captivity narratives.
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Alexandre Hardy

borndied
1571 ca1632
a French dramatist, one of the most prolific of all time. He claimed to have written some six hundred plays, but only thirty-four are extant. Hardy educated the popular taste, and made possible the dramatic activity of the seventeenth century.
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Cross-listed in ComposersPhysicians

Henry Harington

borndied
17271816
an English doctor, musician, and author. While residing at Oxford he joined an amateur musical society, to which those only were admitted who were able to play and sing at sight. He founded the Bath Harmonic Society. The Duke of York appointed him his physician.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Inventors

John Harington

aka: Harrington
borndied
1560, Aug1612, Nov 20
an English courtier, author and translator popularly known as the inventor of the flush toilet. He became a prominent member of Queen Elizabeth I's court, and was known as her "saucy Godson". But because of his poetry and other writings, he fell in and out of favour with the Queen.
Links (1)


Lady Brilliana Harley

aka: Brilliana Conway
borndied
15981643, Oct 29
a celebrated English letter-writer. Some of Lady Harley's 375 letters to her husband and her son Sir Edward Harley survive and show her to be an educated literary woman, at home in several languages. She was able to keep her husband informed of local political affairs when he was absent from home at Brampton Bryan in northwest Herefordshire, attending Parlia...
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Thomas Harman

bornactivedied
unknown1560sunknown
A Caveat or Warning for Common Cursitors, vulgarly called vagabonds was first published in 1566 by Thomas Harman, and although no copies of that edition survive, it must have been popular, because two printers were punished by the Stationers' Company in 1567 for pirated editions. Two editions were published in 1568, and a revised edition in 1573. It is one o...
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Charles Harpur

borndied
1813, Jan 231868, Jun 10
an Australian poet. Harpur's early poetic aspirations found an outlet in the form of numerous newspaper publications, through which his work became well known. He published his first poem The Wreck on 20 December 1833, in the Australian, at age 20. This was followed by hundreds of others over the next 35 years. He gathered cuttings of these individual works ...
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Cross-listed in AstronomersWritersScientists

Thomas Harriot

aka: Harriott, Hariot, Heriot
bornactivedied
1560 ca1580-16211621, Jul 2
an English astronomer, mathematician, ethnographer, and translator. He is sometimes credited with the introduction of the potato to the British Isles. Harriot was the first person to make a drawing of the Moon through a telescope, on 26 July 1609, over four months before more
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Cross-listed in Clergy

John Harris

borndied
1802, Mar 81856, Dec 21
an English Congregational minister, Christian essayist and author, became the first Principal of New College, St John’s Wood, London. After just two years he was invited to become pastor to a congregational church at Epsom. Some ten years later, in 1835, he began to write, and his first publication The Great Teacher was printed. Discovering a talent for wr...
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Walter Harris

borndied
16861761
an Anglo-Irish historian and writer. In the 1730s, along with others of his time, Harris supported a scheme to compile and publish histories of all Irish counties. He also started to revise and republish the historical and topographical writings of Sir James Ware, translating them from Latin to English. The first to be published was Historiographorum Aliorum...
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John Harrison [1]

bornactivedied
unknown1610-1633unknown
an English representative in Morocco in the 17th century. James I of England sent John Harrison to Muley Zaydan in Morocco in 1610 and again in 1613 and 1615 in order to obtain the release of English captives. He negotiated a treaty in May 1627 with Sidi al-Ayachi, independent governor of Salé, who had risen a month before against Mulay Zaydan. Harrison pub...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

William Harrison

borndied
1534, Apr 181593, Apr 24
an English clergyman, whose Description of England was produced as part of the publishing venture of a group of London stationers who produced Raphael Holinshed's Chronicles (London 1577). His contribution to Holinshed's work drew heavily on the earlier work of John Leland.
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Samuel Harsnett

aka: Halsnoth
borndied
1561, Jun1631, May
an English writer on religion and Archbishop of York from 1629. Harsnett is noted for his sceptical attitude towards demons and witchcraft. As the chaplain to Bishop Bancroft, Harsnett was commissioned to write a treatise condemning the 1590s exorcisms of John Darrell, having sat on the 1598 commissions which investigated his activities. Harsnett is known to...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Aaron Hart

bornactivedied
16701692-17561756
the first chief rabbi of the United Kingdom and the rabbi of the Great Synagogue of London from 1704 until his death. He was son of Naphtali Hertz of Hamburg (Hartwig Moses Hart), a prosperous Jewish resident of that city. After studying at a yeshiva in Poland, he married the daughter of R. Samuel ben Phoebus of Fürth, author of a commentary on Eben ha'Ezer...
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Cross-listed in Educators

John Hart [1]

borndied
unknown1574
an English educator, grammarian, spelling reformer and officer of arms. He is best known for proposing a reformed spelling system for English, which has been described as "the first truly phonological scheme" in the history of early English spelling. Hart is the author of three known works on grammar and spelling: an unpublished manuscript from 1551 titled T...
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Joseph C. Hart

borndied
17981855
an American writer. He is now best known as the first person to assert in print that William Shakespeare was not the true author of the plays published under his name. His novel Miriam Coffin influenced Herman Melville, though Melville was also highly crit...
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Cross-listed in Astronomers

George Hartgill

bornactivedied
unknown1590sunknown
an English astronomer. Hartgill was in considerable repute during Elizabeth I's reign, from his knowledge of the stars and his skill in astrology. He designated himself "minister of the word", and may therefore have been a Protestant preacher. Hartgill published Generall Calendars in 1594. It was dedicated to William Paulet, 1st Marquess of Winchester, and d...
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Samuel Hartlib

borndied
1600 ca1662, Mar 10
a German-British polymath. An active promoter and expert writer in many fields, he was interested in science, medicine, agriculture, politics, and education. He settled in England, where he married and died. He was a contemporary of Robert Boyle whom he knew well, and a neighbour of Samuel Pepys in Axe Yard, London in the early 1660s. Hartlib is often descri...
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Abraham Hartwell the Elder

bornactivedied
unknown1560sunknown
an English poet, who wrote in Latin. When Richard Shacklock published a translation of a letter written by the Portuguese bishop, Jerónimo Osório da Fonseca, urging Queen Elizabeth to return to Catholicism, Hartwell, a Protestant,responded with an English translation of Walter Haddon's Latin riposte to Osorio. Describing himself as "an Englishe man borne, ...
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Gabriel Harvey

borndied
1552/531631
an English writer. Harvey was a notable scholar, whose reputation suffered from his quarrel with Thomas Nashe. Henry Morley, writing in the Fortnightly Review (March 1869), has argued that Harvey's Latin works demonstrate that he was distinguished by qualities very different from the pedantry and conceit usually associated with his name.
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Cross-listed in Physicians

Gideon Harvey

borndied
1640 ca1700 ca
physician, born in Holland probably between 1630 and 1640, was son of John and Elizabeth Harvey, as appears by his petition for denization in 1660 (Cal. State Papers, Dom. Series, 1660–1). According to his own account (in ‘Casus Medico-Chirurgicus’) he learned Greek and Latin in the Low Countries, and on 31 May 1655 matriculated at Exeter College, Oxfo...
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Cross-listed in Physicians

John Harvey [1]

borndied
15641592
an English astrologer and physician. In 1587, the university granted him a license to practise physic, and he became a practitioner at King's Lynn in Norfolk. Robert Greene's contemptuous reference to Harvey and Harvey's father and two brothers in his ‘Quippe for an Upstart Courtier’ (1592) led to Gabriel Harvey's defence of his family in his ‘Foure Le...
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Margaret Harvey

borndied
17681858, Jun 18
an English poet and scholar from Newcastle, England. Her father was a surgeon from nearby Sunderland; however, she did not live with him. Harvey was known to have a "remarkable energy of character" through both her writing and overall being. She is most known for her poetry, although she did write plays as well. Harvey died at 27 Villiers Street in Bishop We...
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Cross-listed in Physicians

William Harvey [1]

borndied
1578, Apr 11657, Jun 3
an English physician who made seminal contributions in anatomy and physiology. He was the first known to describe completely and in detail the systemic circulation and properties of blood being pumped to the brain and body by the heart. Published in 1628 in the city of Frankfurt (host to an annual book fair that Harvey knew would allow immediate dispersion o...
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Ann Hatton

aka: Ann of Swansea
borndied
1764, Apr 291838, Dec 26
a popular novelist in Britain in the early 19th century. In 1794 Ann Hatton's tremendously popular Tammany: The Indian Chief was given its première on Broadway. This was the first known libretto by a woman, and the first major opera libretto written in the United States on an American theme. From 1806 to 1809 Ann kept a dancing school in Kidwelly, but from ...
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Cross-listed in Composers

Moritz Hauptmann

borndied
17921868
a German music theorist, teacher and composer. Notable in his early musical output is a grand tragic opera, Mathilde. Hauptmann's compositions are marked by symmetry and craftsmanship rather than spontaneous invention. His vocal output include two masses, choral songs for mixed voices, and numerous part songs. His musical philosophy embodied in his book Die ...
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Stephen Hawes

borndied
unknown1523
a popular English poet during the Tudor period who is now little known. He was still living in 1521, when it is stated in Henry VIII's household accounts that £6, 13s. 4d. was paid to Mr Hawes for his play, and he died before 1530, when Thomas Field, in his Conv...
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Peter Hawker

borndied
1786, Nov 241853, Aug 7
a celebrated diarist, author and sportsman accounted one of the "Great Shots" of the 19th Century. His sporting exploits were widely followed and, on occasion, considered worthy of report in The Times. Hawker is best known today for his published works on the sports of shooting, wildfowling and fishing. Hawker published his "Advice to Young Sportsmen" in 181...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Robert Stephen Hawker

borndied
1803, Dec 31875, Aug 15
an Anglican priest, poet, antiquarian of Cornwall and reputed eccentric. He is best known as the writer of The Song of the Western Men with its chorus line of And shall Trelawny die? / Here's twenty thousand Cornish men / will know the reason why!, which he published anonymously in 1825. His name became known after Charles Dickens acknowledged his authorship...
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Henry Hawkins

borndied
1577, Oct1646, Aug 18
an English Jesuit writer. His best known work is the emblem book Partheneia Sacra: Or the Mysterious and Delicious Garden of the Sacred Parthenes. Hawkins entered the English College, Rome, as a mature student on 19 March 1609, was ordained on 25 March 1614, and entered the Society of Jesus in 1615. After serving many years on the English Mission he died in ...
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Laetitia Matilda Hawkins

borndied
1759, Aug1835, Nov 22
an English novelist, associated with Twickenham. She is also a character in Beryl Bainbridge's novel According to Queeney. She was the daughter of Sir John Hawkins, an acquaintance of Samuel Johnson. She wrote at least four novels, including The Countess and Gertrude (1811), and she also acted as an amanuensis for her father. Her work was published anonymous...
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Ann Hawkshaw

borndied
1812, Oct 141885, Apr 29
an English poet. She published four volumes of poetry between 1842 and 1871. Hawkshaw's first volume of poetry 'Dionysius the Areopagite' with other poems was published in London and Manchester in November 1842. The collection of twenty-two poems includes the long narrative title poem which retells the biblical story of Dionysius the Areopagite, an elected m...
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Benjamin Hawkshaw

borndied
unknown1738
an Irish Anglican divine. He took orders, and was appointed to the parish of St. Nicholas-within-the-Walls at Dublin, a rectory in the gift of the Corporation of Dublin. Hawkshaw was author of Poems upon Several Occasions, which was ‘printed by J. Heptinstall for Henry Dickinson, Bookseller in Cambridge,’ in 1693. In the dedicatory letter to ‘the Lear...
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Nathaniel Hawthorne

bornactivedied
1804, Jul 41836-18621864, May 19
an American novelist, Dark Romantic, and short story writer. Much of Hawthorne's writing centers on New England, many works featuring moral allegories with a Puritan inspiration. His fiction works are considered part of the Romantic movement and, more specifically, Dark romanticism. His themes often center on the inherent evil and sin of humanity, and his wo...
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Paul Hay du Chastelet

borndied
1592, Nov1636, Apr 26
a French magistrate, orator and writer. His brother Daniel Hay du Chastelet de Chambon was a mathematician. Du Chastelet was born at Laval, a member of the ancient house of Hay in Brittany. He became a councillor in 1616 and Advocate-General of the Parliament of Brittany in 1618.
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William Hayley

borndied
1745, Nov 91820, Nov 12
an English writer, best known as the friend and biographer of William Cowper. Hayley had already written occasional poems, when in 1771 his tragedy, The Afflicted Father, was rejected by David Garrick. In the same year his translation of Pierre Corneille's Rodogune as The Syrian Queen was also declined by George Colman. Hayley won the fame he enjoyed amongst...
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Thomas Hayne

borndied
15821645, Jul 27
an English schoolmaster and theologian. The son of Robert Hayne of Thrussington, Leicestershire, he matriculated from Lincoln College, Oxford, on 12 October 1599. He was admitted B.A. on 23 January 1605, was appointed second under-master of Merchant Taylors' School, London, in the same year, became usher at Christ's Hospital in 1608, and commenced M.A. in 16...
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Mary Hays

borndied
1759, Oct 131843
an autodidact intellectual who published essays, poetry, novels, and several works on famous (and infamous) women. She is remembered for her early feminism, and her close relations to dissenting and radical thinkers of her time including Robert Robinson, Mary Wollstonecraft, William Godwin, and William Frend. Hays was influenced by Mary Wollstonecraft's A Vi...
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Cross-listed in Legal

John Hayward

borndied
1564 ca1627, Jun 27
an English historian, lawyer and politician. In 1599 he published The First Part of the Life and Raigne of King Henrie IV - a treatise dealing with the accession of Henry IV and the deposition of Richard II - dedicated to Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex. Queen Elizabeth and her advisers disliked the tone of the book and its dedication, and the quee...
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Eliza Haywood

aka: Elizabeth Fowler
borndied
1693 ca1756, Feb 25
an English writer, actress and publisher. An increase in interest and recognition of Haywood’s literary works began in the 1980s. Described as "prolific even by the standards of a prolific age", Haywood wrote and published over seventy works during her lifetime including fiction, drama, translations, poetry, conduct literature and periodicals (Blouch 7). H...
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He Changling

borndied
1785, Mar 181848, Jul 6
a Chinese scholar and official of the Qing dynasty from Changsha, Hunan. In 1808, he obtained the highest degree in the imperial examination and the following year he entered the prestigious Hanlin Academy in Beijing. Drawing on his extensive experience in the Qing government, he became a prominent spokesman of the statecraft school, which was concerned with...
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Richard Head

borndied
1637 ca1686
an author, playwright and bookseller.Head was a minister's son, born in Ireland. He became famous with his satirical novel The English Rogue (1665) – one of the earliest novels in English that found a continental translation. It remains unclear how the ensuing volumes two, three, and four, published in 1671, 1674 and 1680, came to be written (a fifth was ...
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Charles Heavysege

borndied
1816, May 21876, Jul 14
a Canadian poet and dramatist. His first published work was The revolt of Tartarus, a poem in six parts, published in two editions: one under his own name in London in 1852, and a second, heavily edited and published anonymously in Montreal, in 1855. He published Sonnets in 1855, Saul: a drama in three parts in 1857, and other works later in his life.
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Wendela Hebbe

borndied
1808, Sep 91899, Aug 27
a Swedish journalist, writer, salon hostess and role model. She was arguably the first permanently employed female journalist at a Swedish newspaper. She had a significant place in the radical literary circles of mid 19th-century Sweden and a controversial role model for the emancipated woman. In 1841, her first novel, Arabella, was published by Lars Johan H...
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Links (1)


Christian Friedrich Hebbel

borndied
1813, Mar 181863, Dec 13
a German poet and dramatist. In 1840 he wrote the tragedy Genoveva, and the following year finished a comedy, Der Diamant, which he had begun at Munich. In 1842 he visited Copenhagen, where he obtained from King Christian VIII a small travelling studentship, which enabled him to spend some time in Paris and two years (1844–1846) in Italy. In Paris he wrote...
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Timeline (4)Links (1)


Francois Hedelin

aka: François Hédelin, abbé d'Aubignac
borndied
1604, Aug 41676, Jul 27
a French author and cleric. He energetically participated in the literary controversies of his time. Against Gilles Ménage he wrote Térence justifié (1656); he laid claim to having originated the idea of the Carte de tendre of Mlle de Scudéry's Clélié; and after being a professed admirer of Corneille, he turned against Corneille for having neglected to...
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Links (1)


Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

bornactivedied
1770, Aug 271793-18311831, Nov 14
a German philosopher and an important figure of German Idealism. He achieved wide renown in his day and, while primarily influential within the continental tradition of philosophy, has become increasingly influential in the analytic tradition as well. Although he remains a divisive figure, his canonical stature within Western philosophy is universally recogn...
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Links (23)


Karl von Hegel

borndied
1813, Jun 71901, Dec 5
a German historian. During his lifetime he was a well-known and highly reputated historian who received many awards and honours, because he was one of the leading urban historians in the second half of the 19th century. In 1847, he published two volumes of the History of Urban Constitution of Italy since the Time of the Roman Empire until the End of the 12t...
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Links (1)


Heinrich Heine

borndied
1797, Dec 131856, Feb 17
a German poet, journalist, essayist, and literary critic. He is best known outside Germany for his early lyric poetry, which was set to music in the form of Lieder (art songs) by composers such as Robert Schumann and Franz Schubert. Heine's later verse and prose are distinguished by their satirical wit and irony. He is considered part of the Young Germany mo...
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Links (1)


Daniel Heinsius

borndied
1580, Jun 91655, Feb 25
one of the most famous scholars of the Dutch Renaissance. Heinsius first drew attention to himself as a Latin poet with his Senecan tragedy Auriacus, sive libertas saucia ("William of Orange, or Freedom Wounded"). In 1607/08 he wrote another tragedy, Herodes infanticida ("The Massacre of the Innocents"), which was published only in 1632. He was, however, esp...
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Links (1)


Alexander Helladius

borndied
1686unknown
an 18th-century Greek scholar and humanist from Larissa, who studied at the Greek College of Oxford University and published several works on the Greek language and tradition. He was a student of the Corfiote hierodeacon Frangiskos Prosalentis. He arrived in England in 1703 as the escort of Lord William Paget, ambassador to the Ottoman Empire. He saw himself...
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Links (1)


Elizabeth Helme

borndied
unknown1814 ca
an English novelist and translator of the 18th century. She was born in County Durham, but her maiden name is not known. The family moved to London, where she met William Helme, who became her husband. They had five children. One of their daughters, Elizabeth Somerville, was also a novelist. Elizabeth Helme is also known to have worked as a teacher, and her ...
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Links (1)


Claude Adrien Helvetius

aka: Helvétius
borndied
1715, Jan/Feb 261771, Dec 26
a French philosopher, freemason and littérateur. His poetic ambitions resulted in the poem called Le Bonheur (published posthumously, with an account of Helvétius's life and works, by Jean François de Saint-Lambert, 1773), in which he develops the idea that true happiness is only to be found in making the interest of one person that of all.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

Amalia von Helvig

borndied
1776, Aug 161831, Sep 17
a German and Swedish artist, writer, translator, socialite, Salonist and culture personality. She is known as an inspiration for many artists. She was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts. She was given a good artistic education and was encouraged by Goethe and Schiller to write poems. She was elected to the Academy of arts in 1804 and took part in ...
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Links (1)


Felicia Hemans

borndied
1793, Sep 251835, May 16
an English poet. Her first poems, dedicated to the Prince of Wales, were published in Liverpool in 1808, when she was only fourteen, arousing the interest of no less a person than Percy Bysshe Shelley, who briefly corresponded with her. She quickly followed them up with "England and Spain" (1808) and "The domestic affections", published in 1812, the year of ...
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Links (1)


John Heminges

aka: Heming, Heminge
borndied
1566, Nov1630, Oct 10
an actor in the King's Men, the playing company for which William Shakespeare wrote. Along with Henry Condell, he was an editor of the First Folio, the collected plays of Shakespeare, published in 1623. He was also the financial manager for the King's Men....
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ClergyGovernance

King Henry VIII

bornactivedied
1491, Jun 281509-15471547, Jan 28
King of England from 1509 until his death and Supreme Head of the Church of England from 1536 to 1547. He was the first English King of Ireland, and continued the nominal claim by English monarchs to the Kingdom of France. Henry was the second monarch of the Tudor dynasty, succeeding his father, Henry VII. Henry was an intellectual. The first English king w...
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Timeline (46)Links (19)Notes (1)


Alexander Henry the Elder

borndied
1739, Aug1824, Apr 4
one of the leading pioneers of the British-Canadian fur trade following the British Conquest of New France; a partner in the North West Company, and a founding member and vice-chairman of the Beaver Club. In 1763-64, he lived and hunted with Wawatam of the Ojibwa, who had adopted him as a brother. "Blessed with as many lives as a cat," he recounted his time ...
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Links (1)


Caroline Lee Hentz

borndied
1800, Jun 11856, Feb 11
an American novelist and author, most noted for her opposition to the abolitionist movement and her widely-read The Planter's Northern Bride, a rebuttal to Harriet Beecher Stowe's popular anti-slavery book, Uncle Tom's Cabin. She was a major literary figure in her day, and helped advance women's fiction.
Links (1)


Edward Herbert

aka: 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury/Chirbury
borndied
1583, Mar 31648, Aug 20
an Anglo-Welsh soldier, diplomat, historian, poet and religious philosopher of the Kingdom of England. Herbert's major work is the De Veritate, prout distinguitur a revelatione, a verisimili, a possibili, et a falso (On Truth, as It Is Distinguished from Revelation, the Probable, the Possible, and the False) He published it on the advice of more
Links (1)


George Herbert

borndied
1593, Apr 31633, Mar 1
a Welsh poet, orator and Anglican priest. Herbert's poetry is associated with the writings of the metaphysical poets, and he is recognized as "a pivotal figure: enormously popular, deeply and broadly influential, and arguably the most skilful and important British devotional lyricist." Throughout his life, he wrote religious poems characterized by a precisio...
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Links (1)


Henry William Herbert

aka: Frank Forester
borndied
1807, Apr 31858, May 17
an English novelist, poet, historian, illustrator, journalist and writer on sport. Starr writes that "as a classical scholar he had few equals in the United States . . . his knowledge of English history and literature was extensive; he was a pen-and-ink artist of marked ability; as a sportsman he was unsurpassed; his pupils idolized him."
Links (1)


Lucy Herbert

borndied
16691743/44, Jan 19
an English aristocrat who became a canoness regular and devotional writer in Flanders. She left England for the Spanish Netherlands, where she was admitted to the priory of the English canonesses regular at Bruges around 1690. She professed solemn vows as a full member of the monastic community in 1693, and was elected prioress of the community in 1709.
Links (1)


Percy Herbert

aka: 2nd Baron Powis
borndied
15981667, Jan 19
an English writer and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1621 to 1622 and later inherited a peerage. In 1621 Herbert was elected Member of Parliament for Shaftesbury at a by-election after the previously elected member was expelled. He was knighted on 7 November 1622, and was created a baronet on 16 November 1622. Herbert inherited the title Bar...
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Links (1)


Thomas Herbert [1]

borndied
1597, May 151642 ca
a Welsh seaman and author. He served as page to Sir Edward Cecil in Germany, and distinguished himself by his gallantry at the siege of Juliers in 1610. In 1616 he took service under Captain Benjamin Joseph, commander of the Globe, East Indiaman. When Joseph was killed in an engagement with a Portuguese carrack, Herbert assumed the command, and eventually be...
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Links (1)


Sir Thomas Herbert [2]

aka: 1st Baronet
borndied
16061682
an English traveller, historian and a gentleman of the bedchamber of King Charles I while Charles I was in the custody of Parliament (from 1647 until the King's execution in January 1649). In 1627 William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, procured his appointment in the suite of Sir Dodmore Cotton, then starting as ambassador for Persia with Sir Robert Shirley....
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Links (1)


William Herbert

borndied
1554 ca1593, Mar 4
a Welsh colonist in Ireland, author and Member of Parliament. Herbert was a savant, and 1 May 1577 he sent John Dee notes for Dee's Monas Hieroglyphica. In 1581 he was residing at Mortlake, and enjoying Dee's learning. Thomas Churchyard the poet was another admirer, and Churchyard dedicated to Herbert his 'Dream,' which forms 'the ninth labour' of 'the first...
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Links (1)


Alexandre Herculano

borndied
1810, Mar 281877, Sep 13
a Portuguese novelist and historian. Herculano introduced the historical novel into Portugal in 1844 by a book written in imitation of Walter Scott. Eurico treats of the fall of the Visigothic monarchy and the beginnings of resistance in the Asturias which gave birth to the Christian kingdoms of the Iberian Peninsula. A second book, Monge de Cister, publishe...
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Links (1)


Johann Gottfried Herder

borndied
1744, Aug 251803, Dec 18
German philosopher, theologian, poet, and literary critic. a German philosopher, theologian, poet, and literary critic. He is associated with the periods of Enlightenment, Sturm und Drang, and Weimar Classicism. In 1772 Herder published Treatise on the Origin of Language and went further in this promotion of language than his earlier injunction to "spew out ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ExplorersNaval

William Lewis Herndon

borndied
1813, Oct 251857, Sep 12
one of the United States Navy's outstanding explorers and seamen. In 1851 he led a United States expedition to the Valley of the Amazon, and prepared a report published in 1854 and distributed widely as Exploration of the Valley of the Amazon.
Links (1)


Thomas Herne

aka: Phileleutherus Cantabrigiensis
borndied
unknown1722
an English academic and lay participant in religious controversy. A native of Suffolk, he was admitted as a pensioner at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, on 29 October 1711. In the following year he was elected to a scholarship, graduated B.A. in 1715, and was incorporated at Oxford 21 February 1716. Not long afterwards the Duchess of Bedford made him tuto...
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Links (1)


Antoine Heroet

aka: Héroet
borndied
unknown1568
a French poet. His chief work is La Parfaicte Amye (Lyons, 1542) in which he developed the idea of a purely spiritual love, based chiefly on the reading of the Italian Neo-Platonists. The book aroused great controversy. La Borderie replied in L'Amie de cour with a description of a very much more human woman, and Charles Fontaine contributed a Contr'amye de c...
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Links (1)


Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas

borndied
15491625/26, Mar 27/28
a chronicler, historian, and writer of the Spanish Golden Age, author of Historia general de los hechos de los castellanos en las Islas y Tierra Firme del mar Océano que llaman Indias Occidentales ("General History of the Deeds of the Castilians on the Islands and Mainland of the Ocean Sea Known As the West Indies"), better known in Spanish as Décadas and ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Robert Herrick

bornactivedied
1591, Aug1623-16741674, Oct
a 17th-century English lyric poet and cleric. He is best known for Hesperides, a book of poems. This includes the carpe diem poem "To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time", with the first line "Gather ye rosebuds while ye may." Herrick wrote over 2,500 poems, about half of which appear in his major work, Hesperides. Hesperides also includes the much shorter Nob...
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Links (15)


Alexander Herzen

borndied
1812, Mar 251870, Jan 9
a Russian writer and thinker known as the "father of Russian socialism" and one of the main fathers of agrarian populism (being an ideological ancestor of the Narodniki, Socialist-Revolutionaries, Trudoviks and the agrarian American Populist Party). He is held responsible for creating a political climate leading to the emancipation of the serfs in 1861. His ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Military

Sir Christopher Heydon

borndied
1561, Aug 141623, Jan 1
an English soldier, Member of Parliament, and writer on astrology. Heydon was famous as a champion of astrology. His best-known work was A Defence of Judiciall Astrologie (1603), the most substantial English defence of astrology of its day, rebutting John Chamber's A Treatise Against Judiciall Astrologie (1601), which had called for parliament to outlaw astr...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Jasper Heywood

borndied
15351598, Jan 9
an English Jesuit priest. He is known as the English translator of three Latin plays of Seneca, the Troas (1559), the Thyestes (1560) and Hercules Furens (1561). Heywood's verse translations of Seneca were supplemented by other plays contributed by Alexander Neville, Thomas Nuce, John Studley and Thomas Newton. Newton collected these translations in one volu...
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Links (1)


John Heywood

borndied
1497 ca1580 ca
an English writer known for his plays, poems, and collection of proverbs. Although he is best known as a playwright, he was also active as a musician and composer, though no musical works survive. Heywood was retained at four subsequent royal courts (Henry, Edward, Mary, Elizabeth), despite the unpopular political views of his family and him. Heywood was a d...
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Links (1)


Thomas Heywood

borndied
1570s ca1641, Aug 16
a prominent English playwright, actor, and author. His main contributions were to late Elizabethan and early Jacobean theatre. He is best known for his masterpiece A Woman Killed with Kindness, a domestic tragedy, which was first performed in 1603 at the Rose Theatre by the Worcester's Men company. He was a prolific writer, claiming to have had "an en...
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Links (1)


Diego Beltran Hidalgo

aka: Diego Beltrán
bornactivedied
unknown1620sunknown
a seventeenth century Spanish Marrano poet. The son of a Jew from Murcia, he was noted as an editor and commentator of Spanish popular poetry. Among his works include "General History of birds and animals Aristotle Aristotle", translated and augmented by Diego de Funes i Mendoza (Valencia, 1621).
Links (1)


Henry Higden

bornactivedied
unknown1690sunknown
an English poet and dramatist. Higden was a Yorkshireman, and a member of the Middle Temple. He is represented as a man of wit and the companion of all the choice spirits of the town. In 1686 he published A Modern Essay on the Thirteenth Satyr of Juvenal, and in 1687 A Modern Essay on the Tenth Satyr of Juvenal. To the latter are prefixed complimentary verse...
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Links (1)


Griffin Higgs

borndied
15891659
an English churchman, the dean of Lichfield from 1638. He wrote a life of Sir Thomas White the founder of his college, in Latin verse, which was preserved in manuscript in the college library. Bound up with it is another manuscript by Higgs, entitled 'A True and Faithfull Relation of the Risinge and Fall of Thomas Tucker, Prince of Alba Fortunata, Lord of St...
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Links (1)


Susanna Highmore

borndied
16901750, Nov 18
a British poet with a relatively small literary output. Her first publication came with an obituary for Isaac Watts, published anonymously, in 1748. In 1749, she wrote A Calvinistical Reflection for The Gentleman's Magazine. It was a satire and critique of Calvinism in highly polished verse. John Nichols later published two small poems written with great wit...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Military

Daniel Harvey Hill

aka: D.H. Hill
borndied
1821, Jul 121889, Sep 24
a Confederate general during the American Civil War and a Southern scholar. He was known as an aggressive leader, and as an austere, deeply religious man, with a dry, sarcastic humor. In February 1849, Daniel Harvey Hill resigned his commission and became a professor of mathematics at Washington College (now Washington and Lee University), in Lexington, Virg...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Stephen P. Hill

borndied
1806, Apr 171884, Sep 15
a Baptist clergyman who served as Chaplain of the Senate. He was educated at Waterville College, Brown University (Class of 1829) and Newton Theological Seminary (1832). He was ordained on April 2, 1832. Hill was also a prolific hymn writer, compiling a book published in 1836 called "Christian Hymns" with 655 hymns. Many appeared in Baptist hymnals anonymous...
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Links (1)


Thomas Hill

aka: Didymus Mountain
borndied
1528 caunknown
an English astrologer, author and translator. He was the author of the first popular book in English about gardening — The profitable arte of gardening — which was first published in 1563 under the title A most briefe and pleasaunte treatyse, teachynge how to dresse, sowe, and set a garden. He went on to write other popular works, such as The Gardener's ...
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Links (1)


John Hind

borndied
17961866, Dec 17
an English mathematician. He graduated B.A. in 1818 as second wrangler and second Smith's prizeman, and the next year was chosen Taylor mathematical lecturer and fellow-commoner (B.A.) of Sidney Sussex College. In 1821 he proceeded M.A., and took orders; was elected fellow in 1823, but resigned his lectureship in that year, and his fellowship in the year fol...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Thomas S. Hinde

bornactivedied
1785, Apr 191801-18451846, Feb 9
an American newspaper editor, opponent of slavery, author, historian, real estate investor, Methodist minister and a founder of the city of Mount Carmel, Illinois. Hinde was an ordained Methodist minister and traveled extensively to advance the interests of the church. He was a pioneering circuit rider in the early 1800s in Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, and M...
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Links (1)


Gruffudd Hiraethog

borndied
unknown1564
a Welsh language poet, born in Llangollen, north-east Wales. Gruffudd was one of the foremost poets of the sixteenth century to use the cywydd metre. He was a prolific author and gifted scholar. Though he was member of the medieval guild of poets and notable upholder of that tradition, he was also closely associated with William Salesbury, Wales' leading Ren...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in PhysiciansScientists

Urban Hjarne

aka: Hjärne
borndied
1641, Dec 201724, Mar 10
a Swedish chemist, geologist, physician and writer. He was also the author of Stratonice, sometimes claimed to be the first Swedish novel, a partly autobiographical romance of seduction begun in 1665 and published in several parts, completed in 1668.
Links (1)


Samuel Hoadly

borndied
16431705
a schoolmaster and writer of educational books. His Natural Method of Teaching was the most popular school manual of its time, remaining in print for almost a century. In 1700 he published a school edition of Phædrus and the Maxims of Publius Syrus.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

Prince Hoare the Younger

borndied
17551834
an English painter and dramatist. Prince is a given name, not a royal title. Hoare was born in Bath, Prince Hoare was the son of painter William Hoare and his wife. He was named for the painter's brother, who was a sculptor. Prince studied art from an early age, also becoming a painter. He became well known for his portraits and historical scenes. Lat...
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Links (1)


Thomas Hobbes

borndied
1588, Apr 51679, Dec 4
an English philosopher, best known today for his work on political philosophy. His 1651 book Leviathan established social contract theory, the foundation of most later Western political philosophy. In addition to political philosophy, Hobbes also contributed to a diverse array of other fields, including history, geometry, the physics of gases, theology, ethi...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Inventors

Alfred Hobbs

borndied
1812, Oct 71891, Nov 6
an American locksmith. Hobbs went to London as a representative of the New York company of Day & Newell, which was exhibiting at the Great Exhibition of 1851. Hobbs had brought with him his boss's (Robert Newell) Parautoptic lock, designed to compete with, and surpass, the locks available at the time in Britain. He was the first one to pick Bramah's lock and...
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Links (1)Notes (1)


Edward Hoby

borndied
15601617, Mar 1
an English diplomat, Member of Parliament, scholar, and soldier during the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I. A favourite of King James, Hoby published several works supporting the Protestant cause as well as translations from the French and Spanish. He was educated at Eton, where he formed a lasting friendship with Sir John Harington, and at Trinity College...
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Links (1)


Lady Margaret Hoby

borndied
1571, Feb1633, Sep 4
an English diarist of the Elizabethan period. Hers is the oldest known diary written by a woman in English. Margaret Hoby's diary – the earliest known by an Englishwoman (1599–1605) — gives a notable account of the domestic disciplines of Elizabethan puritanism, along with the religious exercises and prayers for the whole household and the private pray...
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Links (3)


Thomas Hoby

borndied
15301566, Jul 13
an English diplomat and translator. Hoby translated Martin Bucer's Gratulation to the Church of England (1549), and Baldassare Castiglione's Il Cortegiano (1561). The latter translation of The Courtier, entitled The Courtyer of Count Baldessar Castilio, had great popularity and was one of the key books of the English Renaissance. It provided a philosophy of ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Explorers

Clement Hodgkinson

borndied
18181893, Sep 5
a notable English naturalist, explorer and surveyor of Australia. Hodgkinson left England in 1839 intending to become a pastoralist. After his arrival, he bought into a cattle station near Kempsey, north of Sydney. A year later, the New South Wales colonial government hired Hodgkinson to survey and explore the northeastern areas of New South Wales as far as ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ClergyEducators

Frodsham Hodson

bornactivedied
1770, Jun 71791-18221822, Jan 18
an English churchman and academic, the Principal of Brasenose College, Oxford from 1809. He edited Thomas Falconer's Chronological Tables, 1796. His probationary exercise as a fellow of Brasenose was published in the same year, entitled The Eternal Filiation of the Son of God asserted on the Evidence of the Sacred Scriptures, pp. 81. His only other works wer...
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Links (1)


Michal Miloslav Hodza

aka: Hodža
borndied
1811, Sep 221870, Mar 26
a Slovak national revivalist, Protestant priest, poet, linguist, and representative of the Slovakian national movement in 1840s as a member of "the trinity" Štúr – Hurban – Hodža. Michal Miloslav Hodža is also the uncle of the Czechoslovak politician Milan Hodža. From 1832–1834 he continued to study theology at the Evangelical lyceum in Bratislava...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Commerce

Pieter 't Hoen

borndied
17441828
political journalist and Utrecht patriot. Hoen was editor of De Post van den Neder-Rijn in the period 1781-1787. The post of the Neder Rhijn (1781 1787), edited by the patriotic journalist Pieter 't Hoen (1744 1828), is a striking appearance in the history of the Dutch press in the 1780s the main mouthpiece of the most powerful democratic movement in the Net...
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Timeline (1)


Cross-listed in Physicians

Heinrich Hoffmann

aka: Reimerich Kinderlieb, Heinrich Kinderlieb, Peter Struwwel, Heulalius von Heulenburg, Polykarpus Gastfenger, Zwiebel
borndied
1809, Jun 131894, Sep 20
a German psychiatrist, who also wrote some short works including Der Struwwelpeter, an illustrated book portraying children misbehaving. Hoffmann worked for a pauper's clinic and had a private practice. He also taught anatomy at the Senckenberg Foundation. Hoffmann published poems and a satirical comedy before, in 1845, a publisher friend persuaded him to ha...
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Links (8)


Cross-listed in Governance

Andreas Joseph Hofmann

borndied
1752, Jul 141849, Sep 6
a German philosopher and revolutionary active in the Republic of Mainz. As Chairman of the Rhenish-German National Convention, the earliest parliament in Germany based on the principle of popular sovereignty, he proclaimed the first republican state in Germany, the Rhenish-German Free State, on March 18, 1793. A strong supporter of the French Revolution, he ...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

William Hogarth [1]

borndied
16971764
an English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, social critic, and editorial cartoonist who has been credited with pioneering western sequential art. His work ranged from realistic portraiture to comic strip-like series of pictures called "modern moral subjects". Knowledge of his work is so pervasive that satirical political illustrations in this style a...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ClergyEducators

Moses Hoge

borndied
1752, Feb 151820, Jul 5
a Presbyterian minister and educator. He served as the sixth President of Hampden–Sydney College. Hoge prepared for the ministry under the traditional apprentice-style system, he had been pastor of the Presbyterian Church of Shepherdstown, Virginia (now West Virginia), for twenty years and was famous as a preacher, theological teacher, and tract-writer whe...
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Links (1)


James Hogg

aka: Ettrick Shepherd
bornactivedied
17701797-18351835, Nov 21
a Scottish poet, novelist and essayist who wrote in both Scots and English. As a young man he worked as a shepherd and farmhand, and was largely self-educated through reading. He was a friend of many of the great writers of his day, including Sir Walter Scott, of whom he later wrote an unauthorized biography.
Links (7)


Fanny Holcroft

borndied
17801844
Fanny Holcroft was the author of the noted Romantic anti-slavery poem, "The Negro" (1797), as well as novels such as Fortitude and Frailty (1817) and The Wife and the Lover (1813–14). From 1805-1806, she also translated seven plays (from German, Italian, and Spanish) for her father's "Theatrical Recorder" and later wrote a melodrama of her own.


Thomas Holcroft

borndied
1745, Dec 101809, Mar 23
an English dramatist and miscellaneous writer. His novels include Alwyn (1780), an account, largely autobiographical, of a strolling comedian, Anna St. Ives (the first British Jacobin novel, published in 1792), and The Adventures of Hugh Trevor (1794–1797). He also was the author of Travels from Hamburg through Westphalia, Holland and the Netherlands to Pa...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Composers

Oliver Holden

borndied
1765, Sep 181844, Sep 4
an American composer and compiler of hymns. While working as a carpenter, Holden published The American Harmony (1793), a book of sacred music, mostly original, arranged in three and four parts. Soon afterward followed Union Harmony, or a Universal Collection of Sacred Music (1793 & 1801) and The Massachusetts Compiler (1795). When more
Links (1)


Friedrich Holderlin

aka: Hölderlin
borndied
1770, Mar 201843, Jun 7
a major German lyric poet, commonly associated with the artistic movement known as Romanticism. Hölderlin was also an important thinker in the development of German Idealism, particularly his early association with and philosophical influence on his seminary roommates and fellow Swabians Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling.
Links (1)


Raphael Holinshed

borndied
15291580
an English chronicler, whose work, commonly known as Holinshed's Chronicles, was one of the major sources used by William Shakespeare for a number of his plays. Little is known about Holinshed's life. There is no source which states his date of birth, for ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Physicians

George Calvert Holland

borndied
1801, Feb 281865, Mar 7
an English physician, phrenologist, mesmerist and homeopath. In later life he was active in politics and the railway boom. In Sheffield Holland was prominent in the Literary and Philosophical Society, Mechanics' Library, and Mechanics' Institution, and campaigned for the return of Liberal members during the first and second elections for Sheffield under the ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Henry Holland

borndied
15561603
an English Church of England priest, known for his writing on witchcraft. He was instituted to the vicarage of Orwell, Cambridgeshire, on 21 November 1580. Holland was the author of A Treatise against Witchcraft (1590). It was directed from a Calvinist point of view against folk magic and the sceptical arguments of Discoverie of Witchcraft by Reginald Scot; ...
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Links (1)


Hugh Holland

borndied
15691633
the son of Robert Holland, was born in Denbigh in the north of Wales. He was educated at Westminster School under William Camden, where he excelled in classics, and proceeded in 1589 to Trinity College, Cambridge on a scholarship. He wrote poetry, most notably a collection entitled Cypress Garland (1625), and was buried in Westminster Abbey on 28 July 1633. ...
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Links (1)


Denzil Holles

aka: 1st Baron Holles
borndied
1599, Oct 311680, Feb 17
an English statesman and writer, best known as one of the Five Members whose attempted unconstitutional arrest by King Charles I in the House of Commons of England in 1642 sparked the Civil War. In 1668 he was manager for the Lords in the celebrated Skinner's case, in which his knowledge of precedents was of great service, and on which occasion he published ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Physicians

John Hollings

borndied
1683 ca1739, May 10
an English physician. After attending Shrewsbury School, he entered Emmanuel College, Cambridge in 1700, shortly afterwards migrating to Magdalene College as a pensioner on 27 March 1700. He proceeded M.B. in 1705 and M.D. in 1710. He was admitted a candidate of the Royal College of Physicians on 25 June 1725, and a fellow on 25 June 1726, having on 16 March...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Physicians

Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr.

borndied
1809, Aug 291894, Oct 7
an American physician, poet, professor, lecturer, and author based in Boston. A member of the Fireside Poets, his peers acclaimed him as one of the best writers of the day. His most famous prose works are the "Breakfast-Table" series, which began with The Autocrat of the Breakfast-Table (1858). He was also an important medical reformer.
Timeline (1)Links (1)


Sara Holmsten

borndied
17151795
a Swedish memoirst and member of the Moravian Church. Sara Holmsten was the daughter of a farmer in Åland, and the devastation wrought by the Russian army during the Great Nordic War reduced her to beggary. She later supported herself as a domestic and factory worker in Stockholm, before she became a member of the Moravian church in Stockholm in the 1750s, ...
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Links (1)


John Holt

borndied
17431801, Mar 21
an English author. About 1757 he settled at Walton-on-the-Hill, near Liverpool, where for many years he acted as parish clerk, highway surveyor, and master of the free grammar school, besides at one time keeping a ladies’ school. He compiled a few books for the use of schools, wrote one or two novels, and collected materials for a history of Liverpool, whi...
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Links (1)


Christopher Holywood

borndied
15591626, Sep 4
an Irish Jesuit of the Counter Reformation. The origin of the Nag's Head Fable has been traced to him. In 1598 he was sent to Ireland, but was arrested on his way and confined in the Gatehouse Prison, the Tower of London and Wisbech Castle, and was eventually shipped to the continent after the death of Queen Elizabeth. He then resumed his interrupted journey...
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Links (1)


William Hone

borndied
1780, Jun 31842, Nov 8
an English writer, satirist and bookseller. His victorious court battle against government censorship in 1817 marked a turning point in the fight for British press freedom. Among Hone's most successful political satires were The Political house that Jack built (1819), The Queen's Matrimonial Ladder (1820), Ill favour of Queen Caroline, The Man in the Moon (1...
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Links (6)


Thomas Hood

borndied
1799, May 231845, May 3
an English poet, author and humourist, best known for poems such as "The Bridge of Sighs" and "The Song of the Shirt". Hood wrote regularly for The London Magazine, the Athenaeum, and Punch. He later published a magazine largely consisting of his own works. Hood, never robust, lapsed into invalidism by the age of 41 and died at the age of 45. William Michael...
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Links (9)


Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft

borndied
1581, Mar 161647, May 21
a Dutch historian, poet and playwright from the period known as the Dutch Golden Age. Hooft was a prolific writer of plays, poems and letters, but he concentrated from 1618 onwards on writing his history of the Netherlands (Nederduytsche Historiën), inspired by Roman historian Tacitus. His focus was primarily on the Eighty Years' War between the Netherlands...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

Samuel van Hoogstraten

borndied
16271678
a Dutch painter of the Golden Age, who was also a poet and author on art theory. A sufficient number of Van Hoogstraten's works has been preserved to show that he strove to imitate different styles at different times. In a portrait dated 1645, currently in the Lichtenstein collection in Vienna, he imitates Rembrandt. He continued in this vein until as late a...
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Links (1)


John Hooker

aka: John Vowell
borndied
1527 ca1601
an English historian, writer, solicitor, antiquary, and civic administrator. From 1555 to his death he was Chamberlain of Exeter. He was twice MP for Exeter in 1570/1 and 1586, and for Athenry in Ireland in 1569 and wrote an influential treatise on parliamentary procedure. He wrote an eye-witness account of the siege of Exeter during the Prayer Book Rebellio...
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Links (1)


Matthew Hopkins

bornactivedied
1620 ca1644-16471647, Aug 12
an English witch-hunter whose career flourished during the English Civil War. He claimed to hold the office of Witchfinder General, although that title was never bestowed by Parliament. His witch-hunts mainly took place in East Anglia. Hopkins' witch-hunting methods were outlined in his book The Discovery of Witches, which was published in 1647. These practi...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ComposersGovernance

Francis Hopkinson

bornactivedied
1737, Sep 211761-17911791, May 9
designed the first official American flag. He was an author, a composer, and one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence as a delegate from New Jersey. He served in various roles in the early United States government including as a member of the Continental Congress and chair of the Navy Board. He also served as a federal judge in Pennsylvania.
Timeline (1)Links (1)Notes (1)


Maria Gertrudis Hore

aka: María
borndied
1742, Dec 51801, Aug 9
a Spanish poet. She visited Madrid on several occasions throughout the fifteen-seventies. She married one Esteban Fleming and had a son about whom little is known. On a trip to Havana, she had an affair and then saw her lover murdered -- except he shows up alive and well the next day. Believing herself to be mad, she entered a convent where she continued to ...
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Links (1)


William Horman

borndied
1440 ca1535, Apr
a headmaster at Eton and Winchester in the early Tudor period of English history. He is best known for his 1519 Latin grammar textbook the Vulgaria, which created controversy at the time due to its unconventional approach in first giving examples of translations of English writings on different topics, and later discussing the rules of grammar. He asserted,...
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Links (1)


Agneta Horn

bornactivedied
1629, Aug 1816501672, Mar 18
a Swedish writer born to noble parents and a military father. She traveled a great deal throughout Europe in her lifetime as a result of living in a military family and later marrying another soldier. She is most known for writing her autobiography, Agneta Horns leverne (also spelled "laverne" or "lefverne").
Links (2)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Isaiah Horowitz

aka: Shelah ha-Kadosh
borndied
1565 ca1630, Mar 24
a prominent Levite rabbi and mystic. In his many Kabbalistic, homiletic and halachic works, he stressed the joy in every action, and how one should convert the evil inclination into good, two concepts that influenced Jewish thought through to the eighteenth-century, and greatly influenced the development of the Chassidic movement. His most important work She...
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Timeline (2)Links (1)


George Moses Horton

borndied
17971884
an African-American poet and the first African American poet to be published in the Southern United States. His book was published in 1828 while he was still enslaved; he remained enslaved until he was emancipated late in the Civil War.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Legal

John Hoskins [1]

borndied
1566, Mar 11638, Aug 27
an English poet, scholar of Greek, lawyer, judge and politician. The poem Absence, Hear thou my Protestation (Printed anonymously in Francis Davison's A poetical rhapsody containing diverse sonnets, odes, [etc.] (V. S. for J. Baily, 1602)) was at one time attributed to John Donne. Herbert Grierson has argued persuasively that it should be attributed to Hoski...
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Links (1)


Rudolf Hospinian

aka: Rudolf Wirth
borndied
1547, Nov 71626, Mar 11
a Swiss Reformed theologian and controversialist. He was born at Fehraltorf, the son of Adrian Wirth, a minister. He studied at Marburg and Heidelberg. Returning to Switzerland, he joined the church of Zurich, and was a pastor and schoolteacher. He ministered at Fraumünster from 1594 to 1623, and died at Zurich. His anti-Catholic writing was against the sup...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Legal

Francois Hotman

aka: François, Francis, Hotomanus, Hotomannus, Hottomannus
bornactivedied
1524, Aug 231542-15891590, Feb 12
a French Protestant lawyer and writer, associated with the legal humanists and with the monarchomaques, who struggled against absolute monarchy. His most important work, the Franco-Gallia (1573), found favour neither with Catholics nor with Huguenots in its day (except when it suited their purposes); yet its vogue has been compared to that obtained later by ...
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Links (6)


Cross-listed in Artists

Arnold Houbraken

borndied
16601719
a Dutch painter and writer from Dordrecht, now remembered mainly as a biographer of artists from the Dutch Golden Age. He painted mythological and religious paintings, portraits and landscapes. His first attempt at an instructive manual for artists was his Emblem book, Inhoud van 't Sieraad der Afbeelding, which was meant as a guide of possible painti...
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Links (1)


John Houling

borndied
1539 ca1599
an Irish Jesuit. He seems to have been at Alcalá de Henares in 1578, at Rome in 1580, and at Lisbon in 1583. Houling wrote 'Perbreve compendiium in quocontinentur nonnulli eorum qui Hybernia regnante impia Regina Elizabeth, vincula, exilium et martyrium perp?essi sunt,' printed from a manuscript at Salamanca by Cardinal Moran in 'Spicilegium Ossoriense,' i....
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Links (1)


Sidonie de la Houssaye

borndied
1820, Aug 171894, Feb 18
an American French language writer. The daughter of French Creoles Ursin Perret and Françoise Pain, she received a bilingual education in English and French while living in St. John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana. She married Alexandre Pelletier de la Houssaye when she was thirteen years old and they had eight sons and one daughter. After her husband's death...
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Links (1)Notes (1)


Sir George Howard

borndied
1525 ca1580
an English courtier, politician, author and diplomat, and the brother of King Henry VIII's fifth queen, Catherine Howard. Howard held offices at court under four monarchs, Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary I, and Elizabeth I, most notably the office of Master of the Ar...
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Links (1)


Henry Howard

aka: Earl of Surrey
borndied
1516/171547, Jan 19
an English aristocrat, and one of the founders of English Renaissance poetry. He and his friend Sir Thomas Wyatt were the first English poets to write in the sonnet form that Shakespeare later used, and Surrey was the first English poet to publish blank verse (unrhymed iambic pentameter) in his translation of the second and fourth books of Virgil's Aeneid. ...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Robert Howard

borndied
1626, Jan1698, Sep 3
an English playwright and politician. Most of his writing was for the stage, although he also wrote some poetry, and two books on political questions. Howard was active in the London theatrical world after the Restoration, and was both scene designer for, and shareholder in, the Theatre Royal, along with Thomas Killigrew and eight actors. His plays were succ...
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Links (1)


Edmund Howes

bornactivedied
unknown1607-1631unknown
an English chronicler. Howes lived in London, and designated himself "gentleman". Undeterred by John Stow's neglect, and despite the ridicule of his acquaintances, he applied himself on Stow's death in 1605 to continuations of Stow's Abridgement and of his Annales. The former he undertook, after discovering (he tells us) that no one else was likely to perfor...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Governance

Huang Juezi

bornactivedied
17931823-18391853
a Chinese Qing dynasty scholar and civil servant and a fervent opponent of the opium trade. His 1838 official memorial to the Daoguang Emperor detailing the problems caused by opium helped lead to the appointment of Lin Zexu as Imperial Commissioner responsible for tackling the opium problem, a move that would ultimately result in the First Opium War with Gr...
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Links (1)


Huang Yupian

bornactivedied
unknown1838unknown
best known as the author of A Detailed Refutation of Heresy, written in 1838. A native of Gansu province, he served as the magistrate of Qinghe county in Zhili province, present day Hebei, from 1830. Little is known about Huang other than what is recorded in his work. He saw his ideological attacks of evil cults as part of his duty as a scholar offici...
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Links (1)


John Hudson

borndied
16621719, Nov 26
an English classical scholar, was born at Wythop, near Cockermouth in Cumberland. He was educated at The Queen's College, Oxford, and spent the rest of his life at the University: appointed as a Fellow of University College, Oxford in 1686, Bodley's librarian in 1701, and in 1711 principal of St Mary Hall, Oxford. His political views stood in the way of his...
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Links (1)


Thomas Hudson

bornactivedied
unknown1580s-1590s1605 ca
a musician and poet from the north of England present at the Scottish court of King James VI at the end of the 16th century. Both he and his brother Robert Hudson were members of the Castalian Band, a group of court poets and musicians headed by the King in the 1580s and 1590s. In 1584 Thomas Hudson translated Judith by Guillaume de Salluste Du Bartas...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Pierre Daniel Huet

borndied
1630, Feb 81721, Jan 26
a French churchman and scholar, editor of the Delphin Classics, founder of the Academie du Physique in Caen (1662-1672) and Bishop of Soissons from 1685 to 1689 and afterwards of Avranches. He translated the pastorals of Longus, wrote a tale called Diane de Castro, and gave with his Traitté de l'origine des romans (1670), his Treatise on the Origin of Roman...
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Links (1)


Miles Huggarde

aka: Myles Hogarde
bornactivedied
unknown1533-1557unknown
an English religious pamphleteer and opponent of the Protestant Reformation. He has been described as the best of Roman Catholic propagandists in the bitter pamphlet war of 1553-1558 during the reign of Queen Mary I. Huggarde is stated to have been a shoemaker or hosier in London, and the first writer for the Catholic cause who had not received a monastic or...
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Links (1)


Jabez Hughes

borndied
1685 ca1731, Jan 17
an English translator. His 'Miscellanies in Verse and Prose' were collected by his brother-in-law, William Duncombe, and published for the benefit of his widow in 1737 (London). The dedication to the Duchess of Bedford, though signed by his widow, 'Sarah Hughes,' was written by John Copping, dean of Clogher. Two short pieces written by Hughes are given in Jo...
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Links (1)


William Hughes

borndied
18181876, May 21
an English geographer, mapmaker and author. He was Professor of Geography at King's College and Queen's College, London and Royal Female Naval School He was for many years Examiner in Geography to the College of Preceptors Some of his publications were later revised by Sir Richard Gregory. He was the author of literally dozens of books; books of maps for the...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Charles-Hyacinthe Hugo

aka: Louis-Charles Hugo
borndied
1667, Sep 201739, Aug 2
a Lorrain Premonstratensian author. Hugo entered the Norbertine novitiate at Pont-à-Mousson, where he pronounced his vows on 28 August 1685, receiving the name in religion of Louis. He went through his course of philosophy and theology at the Abbey of Jovillier, near Bar-le-Duc in Lorraine, and afterwards at the University of Bourges, where he graduated as ...
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Links (1)


Victor Hugo

borndied
1802, Feb 261885, May 22
a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement. He is considered one of the greatest and best-known French writers. In France, Hugo's literary fame comes first from his poetry and then from his novels and his dramatic achievements. Among many volumes of poetry, Les Contemplations and La Légende des siècles stand particularly high in critic...
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Timeline (5)Links (1)


Cross-listed in MilitaryGovernance

William Hull

bornactivedied
1753, Jun 241775-18251825, Nov 29
an American soldier and politician. He fought in the American Revolution and was appointed as Governor of Michigan Territory (1805–13), gaining large land cessions from several Native American tribes under the Treaty of Detroit (1807). As a general in the War of 1812, Hull is best remembered for surrendering Fort Detroit to the British on August 16, 1812 f...
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Timeline (3)Links (1)


Alexander Hume

borndied
1560 ca1609, Dec 4
a Scottish poet. The son of Patrick, 5th Lord Polwarth, he was educated at the University of St. Andrews and on the Continent. He was originally destined for the law, but devoted himself to the service of the church, and became minister of Logie in Stirlingshire. He published in 1599 Hymns and Sacred Songs, including the beautiful Day Estival, descriptive of...
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Links (1)


Anna Hume

bornactivedied
unknown1640sunknown
a Scottish translator, poet and writer. Controversy surrounded her publication of History of the House and Race of Douglas and Angus, as William Douglas, 11th Earl of Angus, and first marquis of Douglas, was dissatisfied with Hume's work. Douglas consulted Drummond of Hawthornden, who admitted various defects and extravagant views in Hume. Hawthornden, howev...
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Links (1)


David Hume

aka: Home
bornactivedied
1711, Apr 261736-17711776, Aug 25
a Scottish philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist, who is best known today for his highly influential system of radical philosophical empiricism, skepticism, and naturalism. Hume's empiricist approach to philosophy places him with John Locke, more
Timeline (2)Links (15)


Patrick Hume of Polwarth

borndied
1550 ca1609
a Scottish courtier and makar (court poet). He is probably best known to history through his association with the Castalian Band, the group of court poets writing in Scots headed by the king in the 1580s and 1590s. Only two works by him are known, his first published poem, The Promine (1580), a hagiographical portrait of the king in aureate verse, and his co...
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Links (1)


Sophia Hume

borndied
17021774
an American author and preacher associated with the Quakers. She was the author of books written to offer guidance to Quakers on a variety of topics including theology, philosophy, and personal ethics. She is significant as an early example of influential women whose non-fiction writings were addressed to a wide audience regardless of the sex of the reader.
Links (1)


Sir Anthony Hungerford of Black Bourton

borndied
15671627, Jun
a religious controversialist and Deputy Lieutenant of Wiltshire until 1624. After being uncertain regarding his religious beliefs and Catholic upbringing, in 1588 at the time of the Spanish Armada and the threat from Catholic Spain, Hungerford embraced the reformed religion. He was knighted on 15 February 1608, and served as a Deputy Lieutenant of Wiltshire ...
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Links (1)


John Hunt

borndied
1550 ca1615
an English gentleman from Rutland. He was born at Morcott in Rutland, was sent to Eton College, and then to King's College, Cambridge, where he was admitted a scholar 27 August 1565. He left the university without taking a degree. In the same year, 10 November, Hunt was knighted at Whitehall by James I. A nephew, William Le Hunt of Gray's Inn, was called to ...
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Links (1)


Leigh Hunt

borndied
1784, Oct 191859, Aug 28
an English critic, essayist, poet, and writer. In 1816 he made a mark in English literature with the publication of Story of Rimini, based on the tragic episode of Francesca da Rimini told in Dante's Inferno. Hunt's preference was decidedly for Chaucer's verse style, as adapted to modern English by John Dryden, in opposition to the epigrammatic couplet of Al...
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Links (1)


Thornton Leigh Hunt

borndied
1810, Sep 101873, Jun 25
the first editor of the British daily broadsheet newspaper The Daily Telegraph. Lacking the ability to become an artist, Hunt instead took up a career in journalism. He was employed as a sub-editor for the Radical publication The Constitutional from 1837 until 1838, where he worked alongside William Makepeace Thackeray and Douglas Jerrold. In 1838 he went n...
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Links (1)


Ho Xuan Huong

aka: Ho Xuân
borndied
17721822
a Vietnamese poet born at the end of the Lê dynasty. She grew up in an era of political and social turmoil – the time of the Tây Son rebellion and a three-decade civil war that led to Nguyen Ánh seizing power as Emperor Gia Long and starting the Nguyen dynasty. She wrote poetry using chu nôm (Southern Script), which adapts Chinese characters for writin...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

Anna Maria Hussey

borndied
1805, Jun 51853, Aug 26
a British mycologist, writer, and illustrator. In the 1840s, she contributed writings (possibly including a romantic serial) to The Surplice, a magazine edited by her husband. She also wrote at least one less romantic story, called 'Matrimony', for Frazer's Magazine — but all these pieces were anonymous, following the conventions of the time. At the same t...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Joseph Hussey

borndied
16601726
an English Calvinist and congregationalist minister. After studying with the ejected minister Robert Whitaker, he attended Charles Morton's dissenting academy at Newington Green. He attributed a 1686 conversion to the reading of Stephen Charnock's The Existence and Attributes of God. Hussey underwent Presbyterian ordination in 1688. He was pastor at Hitchin,...
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Links (1)


Francis Hutcheson

borndied
1694, Aug 81746, Aug 8
an Ulster-Scots philosopher born in Ulster to a family of Scottish Presbyterians who became known as founding fathers of the Scottish Enlightenment. Hutcheson took ideas from John Locke, and he was an important influence on the works of several significant Enlighte...
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Links (1)


John Hutchinson

borndied
16741737, Aug 28
an English theological writer. In 1700 he became acquainted with Dr. John Woodward (1665–1728), physician to the duke and author of a work entitled The Natural History of the Earth, to whom he entrusted a large number of fossils of his own collecting, along with a mass of manuscript notes, for arrangement and publication. A misunderstanding as to the manne...
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Links (1)


Catherine Hutton

borndied
1756, Feb 111846, Mar 13
an English novelist and letter-writer. A keen letter-writer, she corresponded with, among others, Charles Dickens, Edward Bulwer-Lytton and her mathematician cousin Charles Hutton. She built up a collection of over two thousand letters, some of which were published after her death. Hutton published a number of novels including The Miser Married: a Novel (181...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Robert Hutton

borndied
unknown1568
an English cleric and Marian exile. Some time in Elizabeth's reign he was made rector of Little Braxted in Essex, and on 9 April 1560 became rector of Wickham Bishops in the same county. Hutton published The Sum of Diuinitie drawen out of the Holy Scripture …, London, 1548, a translation from Jonannes Spangenberg's Margarita Theologica, for which his patro...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Arthur ap Huw

aka: Arthur Hughes
bornactivedied
unknown1555-1570unknown
a clergyman, patron of Welsh poets, and a translator of religious literature into Welsh. He was a grandson of Hywel ap Siencyn ab Iorwerth (d. 1494) of Ynysymaengwyn and was vicar of St Cadfan's Church in Tywyn between 1555 and his death in 1570. He was a notable patron of Welsh poets. He is also known for his translation into Welsh of George Marshall's coun...
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Links (1)


Thomas Henry Huxley

borndied
1825, May 41895, Jun 29
an English biologist (comparative anatomist), known as "Darwin's Bulldog" for his advocacy of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. In 1845, under Wharton Jones' guidance, Huxley published his first scientific paper demonstrating the existence of a hitherto unr...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Composers

Constantijn Huygens

borndied
1596, Sep 41687, Mar 28
a Dutch Golden Age poet and composer. He was secretary to two Princes of Orange: Frederick Henry and William II, and the father of the scientist Christiaan Huygens. He became friends with John Donne, and translated his poems into Dutch. He was unable to wri...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ArtistsGovernanceInventors

Constantijn Huygens Jr.

aka: Lord of Zuilichem
borndied
16281697
a Dutch statesman and poet, mostly known for his work on scientific instruments (sometimes in conjunction with his younger brother Christiaan Huygens). But, he was also a chronicler of his times, revealing the importance of gossip. Besides he was an amateur...
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Links (1)


Douglas Smith Huyghue

borndied
1816, Apr 231891
a Canadian and Australian poet, fiction writer, essayist, and artist. His first published poetry was in the Halifax Morning Post and Parliamentary Reporter, where his work appeared under the pseudonym 'Eugene'. In the early 1840s, he began regularly contributing poetry, short fiction, and essays to the literary magazine Amaranth, published in Saint John, New...
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Links (1)


Edward Hyde [1]

aka: 1st Earl of Clarendon
borndied
1609, Feb 181674, Dec 9
an English statesman, historian, and maternal grandfather of two English, Scottish and Irish monarchs, Queen Mary II and Queen Anne. He was forced to flee to France in November 1667. He spent his exile working on his History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England, the classic account of the Civil War, and for which he is chiefly remembered today.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in ClergyEducators

Thomas Hyde

borndied
15241597
an English Roman Catholic academic, teacher, priest and exile. Hyde's major work was A Consolatorie Epistle to the Afflicted Catholikes. Being a Dissuasive against frequenting Protestant Churches, and an Exhortation to Suffer with Patience. Set foorth by Thomas Hide, Priest, Louvain, 1579; 2nd edition, with three woodcuts, 1580.
Links (1)


Sion ap Hywel

aka: Siôn
bornactivedied
unknown1490-1532unknown
a Welsh language poet. There is very little information available about the details of his life. Siôn composed poems on themes of love and religion. He is noted for his elegy on the death of Tudur Aled.
Links (1)

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