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A growing assortment of words and definitions used in the Early Modern era. See the Guide for more information.
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WordDefinition

Arride

To smile at; to please. From Latin arridere, ad, at + I, to laugh, whence also risible. Mainly in the 17th and 18th century, Ben Jonson in EVERY MAN OUT OF HIS HUMOUR (1599) has: 'Fore Heavens, his humour arrides me exceedingly. Charles Lamb in ESSAYS OF ELIA (1823): That conceit arrided us most . . . and still tickles our midriff to remember. The adjective arrident (accent on the long i) occurs, but rarely, meaning smiling, pleasant; Thomas Adams wrote, in 1616, of a pleasing murderer, that with arrident applauses tickles a man to death.

Dimidiate

To divide into halves; to reduce to half. Latin di, dis, asunder + medium, middle; hence also dimidiation. Dimidiated, halved, but also dimidiate as an adjective; Charles Lamb in his POPULAR FALLACIES (ESSAYS OF ELIA; 1825) says that the author of TOM BROWN'S SCHOOL DAYS allows his hero a sort of dimidiate preeminence: -- Bully Dawson kicked by half the town, and half the town kicked by Bully Dawson.

Laic

(1) A variant of lake, q.v., meaning play. (2) A variant of lay, pertaining to the laity, not of the church. Also used as a noun, meaning a layman, one not of the clergy. Charles Lamb in IMPERFECT SYMPATHIES (ESSAYS OF ELIA; 1833) points out that oath-taking creates a sort of double standard of truth: A great deal of incorrectness and inadvertency, short of falsehood, creeps into ordinary conversation; and a kind of secondary or laic truth is tolerated, where clergy truth -- oath truth -- by the nature of the circumstance, is not required.
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